leatherleaf mahonia USDA PLANTS Symbol: MABE2
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Shrub or Subshrub
Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Carr.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Ranunculales: Berberidaceae
Synonym(s): Beale's barberry, Beale's Oregon-grape
Native Range: China (REHD); confused in cultivation (BAIL);

Leatherleaf mahonia is an evergreen shrub that can grow from 5-10 ft. (1.5-3 m) tall. Leaves are pinnately compound, 18 in. (46 cm) long, with 9-13 holly-like leaflets. Leaflets are 2-4 in. (5-10 cm) long and 1-2 in. (2.5-5.1 cm) wide. Flowering occurs in late winter and early spring, when fragrant, lemon-yellow flowers develop. The fruits are green berries, about a half inch long, that turn bluish black with a grayish bloom. Fruits hang in grapelike clusters. Leatherleaf mahonia is native to China. It has been planted as an ornamental and is now invading woodlands in the southern United States.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seedling(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); in flower
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); In the woods
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; Showing glaucus underside of the leaves
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); In the woods
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Infestation;
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seedling(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seedling(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Nancy Dagley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Nancy Dagley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Root(s); In April
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

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U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Petersburg National Battlefield (Virginia)
Stones River National Battlefield (Tennessee)



Invasive Listing Sources:
Alabama Invasive Plant Council
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
Jil Swearingen, personal communication, 2009-2013
South Carolina Exotic Pest Plant Council
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council