|tungoil tree|| USDA PLANTS Symbol: VEFO
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Hardwood Trees
|Vernicia fordii (Hemsl.) Airy-Shaw|
Jump to: Resources | Images | Distribution Maps | Sources
Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Euphorbiales: Euphorbiaceae
|Synonym(s): Chinese wood-oil tree|
|Native Range: Temp. & trop. Asia (GRIN);|
Tungoil tree is a deciduous tree that is up to 66 ft. (20 m) tall and has milky white sap. The leaves are simple, 6-10 in. (15.2-25.4 cm) long, alternate, and either heart-shaped or with three pointed lobes. The petioles are long and there is a distinctive red gland at the base of each leaf. The showy flowers have 5 white petals with red veins and bloom before the leaves emerge. The toxic fruits are reddish green, round and 2-3 in. (5.1-7.96 cm) in diameter. Tungoil tree grows best in full sun, but it can also grow in the understory. The tree is not particularly cold tolerant. Tungoil tree invades forest edges, rights of ways and urban green spaces.
Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources
|Selected Images from Invasive.org||View All Images at Invasive.org|
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.
|Invasive Listing Sources:|
|Alabama Invasive Plant Council|
|Faith Campbell, 1998|
|Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council|
|Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council|
|John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.|