smallflower tamarisk USDA PLANTS Symbol: TAPA4
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Hardwood Trees Shrub or Subshrub
Tamarix parviflora DC.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Violales: Tamaricaceae
Synonym(s): saltcedar, small-flower tamarisk, tamarisk, tamarix
Native Range: Temp. Asia & Europe (REHD, ARS);

Salt cedar is deciduous shrub that can grow up to 15 feet in height. Leaves are small, scale-like, gray-green in color, and overlap along the stem. The bark is smooth and reddish on younger plants, turning brown and furrowed with age. Several species are considered invasive in the United States and distinguishing the species can often be difficult. Salt cedar invades streambanks, sandbars, lake margins, wetlands, moist rangelands, and saline environments. It can crowd out native riparian species, diminish early successional habitat, and reduce water tables and interferes with hydrologic process. Salt cedar is native to Eurasia and Africa and was introduced into the western United States as an ornamental in the early 1800s. It occurs throughout the western and central United States, but is most problematic in the Southwest.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s); in flower in riparian site.
Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Infestation; In streambed
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Infestation; Streamside
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Feature(s); resprouting from stem fragment.
Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s); flowering branch.
Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Barry Rice, sarracenia.com, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s); Many flowers
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

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U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Badlands National Park (South Dakota)



Invasive Listing Sources:
California Invasive Plant Council
Faith Campbell, 1998
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
Reichard, Sarah. 1994.  Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. University of Washington Ph.D. dissertation.
South Carolina Exotic Pest Plant Council