black nightshade USDA PLANTS Symbol: SONI
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Shrub or Subshrub Forbs/Herbs
Solanum nigrum L.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Solanales: Solanaceae
Synonym(s): deadly nightshade, garden nightshade
Native Range: Europe

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s); Young black nightshade plant (Solanum nigrum).
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum) growing as a weed in a field of dry beans.
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum) growing as a weed in a field of dry beans.
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum) growing as a weed in a field of dry bean plants.
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); Potted plants of American black nightshade (Solanum nigrum).
Phil Westra, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); flowering stem.
Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s);
Bonsak Hammeraas, Bioforsk - Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); flowers
Larry Trekell, , Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s); Fruits of eastern black nightshade (Solanum nigrum) on the left, compared with those of hairy nightshade (S. sarrachoides) on the right.
Phil Westra, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s); berries
Larry Trekell, , Bugwood.org
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Seed(s); Arrows point to the marginal position of the hilum for each seed. Note that it is often below the seed's shallow notch.
D. Walters and C. Southwick, USDA, Bugwood.org
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Seed(s); Lateral view of three seeds showing hilum.
D. Walters and C. Southwick, USDA, Bugwood.org
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EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

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U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Death Valley National Park (California)
Lake Mead National Park (Nevada)



Invasive Listing Sources:
Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005