tumble mustard USDA PLANTS Symbol: SIAL2
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Forbs/Herbs
Sisymbrium altissimum L.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Capparales: Brassicaceae
Synonym(s): tall tumblemustard, Jim Hill mustard, tall mustard, tumbleweed mustard
Native Range: Temp. & trop. Asia, Europe (GRIN);

Tall tumblemustard is an annual/biennial herb native to Eurasia. Plants can reach almost 5 ft. (1.5 m) in height. Cauline (stem) leaves are alternate, 0.5-5 in. (1.3-12.7 cm) long and decrease in size up the stem. Flowering occurs in late spring to summer, when small, 4-petaled, yellow to white flowers develop in groups at the apex of the stems. Fruits are narrow seed pods that are 2-4 in. (5-10 cm) long and contain more than 120 seeds. Tall tumblemustard was first seen in the United States in 1878 in Philadelphia; seeds were probably introduced accidentally in ship ballast. Plants invade fields, open forests, and other disturbed open areas.

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Flower(s);
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
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Flower(s);
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage;
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
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Foliage; rosette
Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org
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Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 174.
USDA PLANTS Database, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

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U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Badlands National Park (South Dakota)
Death Valley National Park (California)
Grand Canyon National Park (Arizona)
Haleakala National Park (Hawaii)
Lake Mead National Park (Nevada)
Theodore Roosevelt National Park (North Dakota)
Yellowstone National Park (Wyoming)



Invasive Listing Sources:
Faith Campbell, 1998
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council, 1998