miconia USDA PLANTS Symbol: MICA20
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Shrub or Subshrub Hardwood Trees
Miconia calvescens DC.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Myrtales: Melastomataceae
Synonym(s): velvet tree
Native Range: New World tropics (BAIL);

Miconia (velvet tree) is a perennial shrub/tree native to Central and South America. Plants begin as a shrub, but develop into trees which can grow up to 49.2 ft. (15 m) tall. Leaves are velvety, dark green on top, purple underneath, and can reach up to 3.2 ft. (1 m) in length. Leaves have three prominent pale green nerves. Flowering can occur year round, but typically occurs 2-3 times per year, when small, white flowers develop. Fruits are small, fleshy, sweet-tasting berries that are ΒΌ in. (7 mm) in diameter and purple-black when mature. Miconia was introduced to Hawaii in 1961 as an ornamental.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Seedling(s);
The Nature Conservancy Archive, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Stand; on mountainside in Tahiti.
The Nature Conservancy Archive, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); Miconia calvescens foliage. Invasive weed.
Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Tree(s); young tree
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; Called "green cancer" in Tahiti, has replaced over 70% of the native forest on that Pacific Island.
The Nature Conservancy Archive, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; underside of leaf
The Nature Conservancy Archive, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; Leaf, upper side
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; Leaf, underside
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

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Invasive Listing Sources:
John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
University of Hawaii, Botany Department, Hawaiian Alien Plant Studies, 1998