wetland nightshade USDA PLANTS Symbol: SOTA3
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Vines Shrub or Subshrub
Solanum tampicense Dunal

Jump to: Resources | Images | Distribution Maps | Sources
Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Solanales: Solanaceae
Synonym(s): aquatic soda apple
Native Range: Mexico, So. Amer. (GRIN)

Wetland nightshade is a sprawling, semi-woody shrub that invades wetlands in Florida. The green stems are up to 15 ft. (4.6 m) long and prickly. Leaves are alternate, to 10 in. (25 cm) long, 3 in. (7 cm) wide, wavy along the margins and have prickles on the veins. The small, white flowers occur in small clusters at the leaf axils during the summer to fall. The fruits are small tomato-like berries that turn bright red when ripe. Wetland nightshade, being tolerant of full sun and full shade, can invade many types of wetland ecosystems such as cypress swamps and river edges. It is capable of forming extensive, dense stands that displace native vegetation. Wetland nightshade is native to the West Indies and Central America. It was recently, accidentally introduced into Florida.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Infestation; along riverbank
Alison Fox, University of Florida, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); stems and leaves with recurved prickles
Alison Fox, University of Florida, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Feature(s); cluster of berries and typical leaf
Alison Fox, University of Florida, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); with flower and fruit
Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; Stems and leaves with recurved prickles
Alison Fox, University of Florida, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

Alternative content

Get Adobe Flash player





Invasive Listing Sources:
Alabama Invasive Plant Council
Faith Campbell, 1998
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council