|Australian-pine|| USDA PLANTS Symbol: CAEQ
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Hardwood Trees
|Casuarina equisetifolia L.|
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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Casuarinales: Casuarinaceae
|Synonym(s): Australian pine, beach sheoak, common ironwood|
|Native Range: northeastern Australia, Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia (BAIL);|
Australian pine is a deciduous tree that occurs in open, coastal habitats including sand beaches, rocky coasts and sand dunes. Trees can grow to over 100 ft. (30.5 m) in height. The reddish-brown to gray bark is brittle and peels. Branchlets resemble pine needles and are very thin, 4-8 in. (10-20 cm) long and gray-green. Male and female flowers are present on the same plant and are inconspicuous. Male flowers occur in terminal spikes, while the female flowers are in small, axillary clusters. Fruit are tiny, winged nutlets that each contain one seed. The fruits are contained in woody, cone-like structures that are ¾ in. (2 cm) long. Australian pine is native to Australia and southeast Asia and was introduced into Florida in the late 1800’s.
Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources
|Selected Images from Invasive.org||View All Images at Invasive.org|
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.
|U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:|
|Big Cypress National Preserve (Florida)|
Everglades National Park (Florida)
Haleakala National Park (Hawaii)