brittleleaf naiad USDA PLANTS Symbol: NAMI
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Aquatic Forbs/Herbs
Najas minor All.

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Taxonomic Rank: Liliopsida: Najadales: Najadaceae
Synonym(s): brittle waternymph, brittleleaf naiad, European naiad, spinyleaf naiad, slender-leaved naiad
Native Range: Asia, N. and trop. Africa ()

Brittleleaf naiad is an annual forb that is native to Europe. The highly branched stems can grow up to 4 ft. (1.2 m) in length and fragment easily, hence the common name. Leaves are opposite, linear, approximately 1 in. (2.5 cm) in length with prominent teeth along the margins. Flowering occurs in late spring to early summer, when small flowers develop in the axils of the leaves. Fruit are single-seeded. Germination of the seeds occurs in early spring. Brittleleaf naiad can be confused with coon's tail (Ceratophyllum spp.), but can be distinguished by the leaf arrangement. The leaves of coon's tail are arranged in whorls of 4 or 5, instead of the opposite arrangement of brittleleaf naiad. This invasive was first collected in the United States in the 1930s.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s);
Troy Evans, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.
USDA PLANTS Database, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

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Invasive Listing Sources:
Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group
Faith Campbell, 1998
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council
New Hampshire Invasive Species Committee. 2005. Guide to Invasive Upland Plant Species in New Hampshire. New Hampshire Department of Agriculture,  Markets and Food Plant Industry Division and New Hampshire Invasive Species Committee.
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council
Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation