ground ivy USDA PLANTS Symbol: GLHE2
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Forbs/Herbs
Glechoma hederacea L.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Lamiales: Lamiaceae
Synonym(s): creeping charlie, gill-over-the-ground, groundivy, haymaids
Native Range: Europe (BAIL);

Ground ivy is a perennial, evergreen and aromatic plant in the mint family (Lamiaceae). Plants can reach a height of 1 ft. (0.3 m). Leaves are opposite, heart shaped, 0.8-1.2 in. (2-3 cm) wide, petiolate and scalloped. Flowering occurs March to July when tubular, lavender flowers appear in the axils of the leaves. Flowers are 0.4 in. (0.9 cm) long and come in clusters of two or more. Ground ivy is native to Eurasia and was introduced into North America, as an ornamental or medicinal plant, as early as the 1800s. Ground ivy is common in moist areas, disturbed sites, low woods, lawns and along roadsides.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s);
Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Stem(s);
Theodore Webster, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage;
Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Infestation;
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Feature(s); Vegetative spread
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seed(s);
Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Infestation;
Chris Evans, Illinois Wildlife Action Plan, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

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U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Antietam National Battlefield (Maryland)
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park (Maryland, Washington, D.C., and West Virginia)
Colonial National Historical Park (Virginia)
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park (West Virginia)
Monocacy National Battlefield Park (Maryland)
Rock Creek National Park (Washington, D.C.)
Stones River National Battlefield (Tennessee)



Invasive Listing Sources:
City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation
Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection
Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group
Faith Campbell, 1998
Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102pp.
Indiana Native Plant and Wildflower Society
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
Maryland Cooperative Extension Service.  2003. Invasive Plant Control in Maryland. Home and Garden Information Center, Home and Garden Mimeo HG88. 4 pp.
Maryland Department of Natural Resources, 1994
Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
Native Plant Society of Oregon, 2008
New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry, 2004
North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, 1998
Tatyana Livschultz, Pennsylvania survey of invasive plants,
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2009