camphortree USDA PLANTS Symbol: CICA
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Hardwood Trees
Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Laurales: Lauraceae
Synonym(s): camphor laurel, camphor tree, shiu leaf, gum camphor, laurel camphor
Native Range: Temp. Asia - China, Japan (GRIN);

Camphor tree is a broad-leaved, evergreen tree that grows 50-100 ft. (15-30 m) tall. The alternate leaves are shiny, dark green above and lighter green below, have wavy margins, three distinct, yellow veins and are 1.5-4 in. (3.7-10.1 cm) long. A distinctive odor of camphor is emitted when the leaves are crushed. Small white to cream colored flowers develop in the spring. Fruit is a black, pea-sized berry. Camphor tree grows in full sun or partial shade, and it is drought tolerant but not particularly cold tolerant. It invades hardwood forests, upland pine and scrub woods, fence rows and urban green spaces. It is native to eastern Asia and was brought to the United States as an ornamental in 1875.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Tree(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage;
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Feature(s); Leaf bud
Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; In June
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s); In October
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Stem(s);
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Tree(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

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Invasive Listing Sources:
Alabama Invasive Plant Council
Archbold Biological Station
Faith Campbell, 1998
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council
Reichard, Sarah. 1994.  Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. University of Washington Ph.D. dissertation.
South Carolina Exotic Pest Plant Council