helleborine USDA PLANTS Symbol: EPHE
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Forbs/Herbs
Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz

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Taxonomic Rank: Liliopsida: Orchidales: Orchidaceae
Synonym(s): helleborine

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org

Flower(s); Helleborine, Epipactis helleborine, orchid family, non-native
Rob Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.org
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EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

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Invasive Listing Sources:
Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102pp.
Jil Swearingen, personal communication, 2009-2016