greater celandine USDA PLANTS Symbol: CHMA2
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Forbs/Herbs
Chelidonium majus L.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Papaverales: Papaveraceae
Native Range: Europe, Asia (BAIL);

Greater celandine is a perennial that is native to Europe and the Mediterranean region. It can reach from 1-4 ft. (0.3-1.2 m) in height. The leaves are up to 14 in. (35 cm) long and are deeply dissected. Flowering occurs from May to June. Flowers have four yellow petals, each 0.4 in. (1 cm) long, and two sepals. The fruit are linear capsules that are 0.8-2 in. (2-5 cm) long. Greater celandine is poisonous to humans and occurs in moist to dry woods, thickets, roadsides and waste grounds.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s);
Stacey Leicht, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Stacey Leicht, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Infestation;
Stacey Leicht, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Feature(s); Broken stem with orange sap
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 141.
USDA PLANTS Database, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

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U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Antietam National Battlefield (Maryland)
Monocacy National Battlefield Park (Maryland)



Invasive Listing Sources:
Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection
Faith Campbell, 1998
Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102pp.
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation