Plant Species Reported to be Invasive in Natural Areas List

Source: Reichard, Sarah. 1994.  Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. University of Washington Ph.D. dissertation.

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213 Species

Subject Name Scientific Name Family U.S. Nativity
princesstree Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
melaleuca Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) Blake Myrtaceae Exotic
Norway maple Acer platanoides L. Aceraceae Exotic
tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima (P. Mill.) Swingle Simaroubaceae Exotic
mimosa Albizia julibrissin Durazz. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Japanese barberry Berberis thunbergii DC. Berberidaceae Exotic
camphortree Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl Lauraceae Exotic
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Elaeagnaceae Exotic
Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Elaeagnaceae Exotic
winged burning bush Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Sieb. Celastraceae Exotic
English ivy Hedera helix L. Araliaceae Exotic
largeleaf lantana Lantana camara L. Verbenaceae Exotic
Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum Thunb. Oleaceae Exotic
Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense Lour. Oleaceae Exotic
European privet Ligustrum vulgare L. Oleaceae Exotic
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Thunb. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Amur honeysuckle Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Morrow's honeysuckle Lonicera morrowii Gray Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Tatarian honeysuckle Lonicera tatarica L. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
catclaw-vine Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A.H. Gentry Bignoniaceae Exotic
chinaberry Melia azedarach L. Meliaceae Exotic
sacred bamboo Nandina domestica Thunb. Berberidaceae Exotic
white poplar Populus alba L. Salicaceae Exotic
European buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica L. Rhamnaceae Exotic
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora Thunb. Rosaceae Exotic
wine raspberry Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. Rosaceae Exotic
Japanese spiraea Spiraea japonica L. f. Rosaceae Exotic
Chinese tallowtree Triadica sebifera (L.) Small Euphorbiaceae Exotic
common periwinkle Vinca minor L. Apocynaceae Exotic
Chinese wisteria Wisteria sinensis (Sims) DC. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Scots pine Pinus sylvestris L. Pinaceae Exotic
European black alder Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. Betulaceae Exotic
Australian-pine Casuarina equisetifolia L. Casuarinaceae Exotic
Tasmanian bluegum Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Myrtaceae Exotic
silkoak Grevillea robusta A. Cunningham ex R. Br. Proteaceae Exotic
osage-orange Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid. Moraceae Native
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Native
common horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum L. Hippocastanaceae Exotic
Norway spruce Picea abies (L.) Karst. Pinaceae Exotic
Siberian elm Ulmus pumila L. Ulmaceae Exotic
Brazilian peppertree Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Anacardiaceae Exotic
northern catalpa Catalpa speciosa (Warder) Warder ex Engelm. Bignoniaceae Native
Amur maple Acer ginnala Maxim. Aceraceae Exotic
gorse Ulex europaeus L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Scotch broom Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
big periwinkle Vinca major L. Apocynaceae Exotic
catclaw mimosa Mimosa pellita Kunth ex Willd. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Macartney rose Rosa bracteata J.C. Wendl. Rosaceae Exotic
black acacia Acacia melanoxylon R. Br. ex Ait. f. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
red beadtree Adenanthera pavonina L Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
woman's tongue tree Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
shoebutton ardisia Ardisia elliptica Thunb Myrsinaceae Exotic
white bladderflower Araujia sericifera Brot. Asclepiadaceae Exotic
mountain ebony Bauhinia variegata L Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
common barberry Berberis vulgaris L Berberidaceae Exotic
paper-mulberry Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L'Hér. ex Vent. Moraceae Exotic
gray sheoak Casuarina glauca Sieb. ex Spreng Casuarinaceae Exotic
day jessamine Cestrum diurnum L. Solanaceae Exotic
night jessamine Cestrum nocturnum L. Solanaceae Exotic
rose glorybower Clerodendrum bungei Steud. Verbenaceae Exotic
stickbush Clerodendrum chinense (Osb.) Mabberley Verbenaceae Exotic
oriental virginsbower Clematis orientalis L. Ranunculaceae Exotic
Asian nakedwood Colubrina asiatica (L.) Brongn. Rhamnaceae Exotic
silverleaf cotoneaster Cotoneaster pannosus Franch. Rosaceae Exotic
common hawthorn Crataegus monogyna Jacq. Rosaceae Exotic
Surinam cherry Eugenia uniflora L. Myrtaceae Exotic
council tree Ficus altissima Blume Moraceae Exotic
governor's plum Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr Flacourtiaceae Exotic
glossy buckthorn Frangula alnus Mill. Rhamnaceae Exotic
French broom Genista monspessulana (L.) L. Johnson Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
rose of Sharon Hibiscus syriacus L. Malvaceae Exotic
sea hibiscus Talipariti tiliaceum var. tiliaceum L. Malvaceae Exotic
English holly Ilex aquifolium L. Aquifoliaceae Exotic
Gold Coast jasmine Jasminum dichotomum Vahl Oleaceae Exotic
jazmin de trapo Jasminum fluminense Vell. Oleaceae Exotic
Arabian jasmine Jasminum sambac (L.) Ait. Oleaceae Exotic
white leadtree Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
glossy privet Ligustrum lucidum W.T. Aiton Oleaceae Exotic
showy fly honeysuckle, Bell's honeysuckle Lonicera x bella Zabel [morrowii × tatarica] Caprifoliaceae Exotic
tree tobacco Nicotiana glauca Graham Solanaceae Exotic
Australian cheesewood Pittosporum undulatum Vent. Pittosporaceae Exotic
guava Psidium guajava L. Myrtaceae Exotic
rose myrtle Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Ait.) Hassk. Myrtaceae Exotic
Himalayan blackberry Rubus armeniacus Focke Rosaceae Exotic
cutleaf blackberry Rubus laciniatus Willd. Rosaceae Exotic
octopus tree Schefflera actinophylla (Endl.) H.A.T. Harms Araliaceae Exotic
Peruvian peppertree Schinus molle L. Anacardiaceae Exotic
red sesbania Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
purple African nightshade Solanum marginatum L. f. Solanaceae Exotic
Spanish broom Spartium junceum L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Malabar plum Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston Myrtaceae Exotic
African tamarisk Tamarix africana Poir. Tamaricaceae Exotic
Athel tamarisk Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst. Tamaricaceae Exotic
French tamarisk Tamarix gallica L. Tamaricaceae Exotic
smallflower tamarisk Tamarix parviflora DC. Tamaricaceae Exotic
tropical almond Terminalia catappa L. Combretaceae Exotic
wayfaringtree Viburnum lantana L. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
jetbead Rhodotypos scandens (Thunb.) Makino Rosaceae Exotic
crapemyrtle Lagerstroemia indica L. Lythraceae Exotic
pigeon pea Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
European mountain-ash Sorbus aucuparia L. Rosaceae Exotic
English oak Quercus robur L. Fagaceae Exotic
fivestamen tamarisk Tamarix chinensis Lour. Tamaricaceae Exotic
sawtooth oak Quercus acutissima Carruthers Fagaceae Exotic
border privet Ligustrum obtusifolium Sieb. & Zucc. Oleaceae Exotic
Indian rosewood Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. ex DC. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
sapodilla Manilkara zapota (L.) van Royen Sapotaceae Exotic
rock rose Cistus creticus L. Cistaceae Exotic
southern catalpa Catalpa bignonioides Walt. Bignoniaceae Native
Chinese parasoltree Firmiana simplex (L.) W. Wight Sterculiaceae Exotic
common lilac Syringa vulgaris L. Oleaceae Exotic
Lombardy poplar Populus nigra L. Salicaceae Exotic
Japanese angelica tree Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem Araliaceae Exotic
European birch Betula pendula Roth Betulaceae Exotic
Chinese catalpa Catalpa ovata G. Don Bignoniaceae Exotic
European spindletree Euonymus europaeus L. Celastraceae Exotic
Dyer's greenweed Genista tinctoria L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Japanese rose Kerria japonica (L.) DC. Rosaceae Exotic
weeping lantana Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. Verbenaceae Exotic
Amur privet Ligustrum amurense Carrière Oleaceae Exotic
California privet Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk. Oleaceae Exotic
dwarf honeysuckle Lonicera xylosteum L. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
trifoliate orange Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. Rutaceae Exotic
sweet cherry Prunus avium (L.) L. Rosaceae Exotic
sour cherry Prunus cerasus L. Rosaceae Exotic
Mahaleb cherry Prunus mahaleb L. Rosaceae Exotic
European bird cherry Prunus padus L. Rosaceae Exotic
bristly locust Robinia hispida L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
dog rose Rosa canina L. Rosaceae Exotic
sweetbriar rose Rosa eglanteria L. Rosaceae Exotic
French rose Rosa gallica L. Rosaceae Exotic
smallflower sweetbrier Rosa micrantha Borrer ex Sm. Rosaceae Exotic
Seaside rose Rosa rugosa Thunb. Rosaceae Exotic
memorial rose Rosa wichuraiana Crépin Rosaceae Exotic
Himalayan blackberry Rubus bifrons Vest ex Tratt. Rosaceae Exotic
white willow Salix alba L. Salicaceae Exotic
goat willow Salix caprea L. Salicaceae Exotic
large gray willow Salix cinerea L. Salicaceae Exotic
crack willow Salix fragilis L. Salicaceae Exotic
laurel willow Salix pentandra L. Salicaceae Exotic
purpleosier willow Salix purpurea L. Salicaceae Exotic
weeping willow Salix x sepulcralis Simonkai [alba × babylonica] Salicaceae Exotic
butterflybush Buddleja davidii Franch. Buddlejaceae Exotic
heather Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull Ericaceae Exotic
European aspen Populus tremula L. Salicaceae Exotic
plum Prunus domestica L. Rosaceae Exotic
orange Citrus x sinensis (L.) Osbeck (pro sp.) [maxima × reticulata] Rutaceae Exotic
lime Citrus x aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle Rutaceae Exotic
lemon Citrus x limon (L.) Burm. Rutaceae Exotic
wine grape Vitis vinifera L. Vitaceae Exotic
hedge maple Acer campestre L. Aceraceae Exotic
osier Salix viminalis L. Salicaceae Exotic
river redgum Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnhardt Myrtaceae Exotic
Indian rubberplant Ficus elastica Roxb. Moraceae Exotic
Sydney golden wattle Acacia longifolia (Andr.) Willd. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
everblooming acacia Acacia retinodes Schlecht. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
golden trumpet Allamanda cathartica L. Apocynaceae Exotic
paperflower Bougainvillea glabra Choisy Nyctaginaceae Exotic
snowbush Breynia disticha J.R. & G. Forst. Euphorbiaceae Exotic
Lindley's butterflybush Buddleja lindleyana Fortune ex Lindl. Buddlejaceae Exotic
paradise poinciana Caesalpinia gilliesii (Wall. ex Hook.) Wall. ex D. Dietr. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
purple beautyberry Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour.) K. Koch Verbenaceae Exotic
Alexandrian laurel Calophyllum inophyllum L. Clusiaceae Exotic
papaya Carica papaya L. Caricaceae Exotic
natal-plum Carissa macrocarpa (Ecklon) A. DC. Apocynaceae Exotic
sour orange Citrus x aurantium L. (pro sp.) [maxima × reticulata] Rutaceae Exotic
evergreen clematis Clematis vitalba L. Ranunculaceae Exotic
turk's turbin Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze Verbenaceae Exotic
Javanese glorybower Clerodendrum speciosissimum Van Geert ex Morr. Verbenaceae Exotic
bladder senna Colutea arborescens L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Palay rubbervine Cryptostegia grandiflora (Roxb. ex R. Br.) R. Br. Asclepiadaceae Exotic
February daphne Daphne mezereum L. Thymelaeaceae Exotic
cherry silverberry Elaeagnus multiflora Thunb. Elaeagnaceae Exotic
Scots heath Erica cinerea L. Ericaceae Exotic
crossleaf heath Erica tetralix L. Ericaceae Exotic
redbox Eucalyptus polyanthemos Schauer Myrtaceae Exotic
forest redgum Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm. Myrtaceae Exotic
common pearlbrush Exochorda racemosa (Lindl.) Rehd. Rosaceae Exotic
simpleleaf chastetree Vitex trifolia L. Verbenaceae Exotic
lilac chastetree Vitex agnus-castus L. Verbenaceae Exotic
purple mombin Spondias purpurea L. Anacardiaceae Exotic
Thunberg's meadowsweet Spiraea thunbergii Sieb. ex Blume Rosaceae Exotic
bridalwreath spiraea Spiraea prunifolia Sieb. & Zucc. Rosaceae Exotic
false spiraea Sorbaria sorbifolia (L.) A. Braun Rosaceae Exotic
Brazilian nightshade Solanum seaforthianum Andr. Solanaceae Native
Mediterranean broom Genista linifolia L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
panicled hydrangea Hydrangea paniculata Sieb. Hydrangeaceae Exotic
star jasmine Jasminum multiflorum (Burm. f.) Andr. Oleaceae Exotic
European blackberry Rubus vestitus Weihe & Nees Rosaceae Exotic
elmleaf blackberry Rubus ulmifolius Schott Rosaceae Exotic
damask rose Rosa x damascena P. Mill. [gallica × moschata] Rosaceae Exotic
Scottish rose Rosa spinosissima L. Rosaceae Exotic
cinnamon rose Rosa cinnamomea L. Rosaceae Exotic
waxyleaf privet Ligustrum quihoui Carr. Oleaceae Exotic
Italian woodbine Lonicera caprifolium L. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Etruscan honeysuckle Lonicera etrusca Santi Caprifoliaceae Exotic
woodbine Lonicera periclymenum L. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
narrowleaf firethorn Pyracantha angustifolia (Franch.) Schneid. Rosaceae Exotic
pomegranate Punica granatum L. Punicaceae Exotic
Portugal laurel Prunus lusitanica L. Rosaceae Exotic
cherry laurel Prunus laurocerasus L. Rosaceae Exotic
mazapan Malvaviscus penduliflorus DC. Malvaceae Exotic
mango Mangifera indica L. Anacardiaceae Exotic
oleander Nerium oleander L. Apocynaceae Exotic
canistel Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni Sapotaceae Exotic
gray poplar Populus x canescens (Ait.) Sm. (pro sp.) [alba × tremula] Salicaceae Exotic
plume albizia Paraserianthes lophantha (Willd.) I. Nielsen Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Boston ivy Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Sieb. & Zucc.) Planch. Vitaceae Exotic
monkeypod Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
spearleaf swampmallow Pavonia hastata Cav. Malvaceae Exotic
gingerbush Pavonia spinifex (L.) Cav. Malvaceae Native
European cranberrybush Viburnum opulus L. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Chinese banyan Ficus microcarpa L. f. Moraceae Exotic