Plant Species Reported to be Invasive in Natural Areas List

Source: Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005

Source URL: http://www.ma-eppc.org/

285 Species

Subject Name Scientific Name Family U.S. Nativity
kudzu Pueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S. Almeida Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
princesstree Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
cogongrass Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Poaceae Exotic
alligatorweed Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. Amaranthaceae Exotic
Canada thistle Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Asteraceae Exotic
Japanese maple Acer palmatum Thunb. Aceraceae Exotic
Norway maple Acer platanoides L. Aceraceae Exotic
tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima (P. Mill.) Swingle Simaroubaceae Exotic
mimosa Albizia julibrissin Durazz. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
garlic mustard Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande Brassicaceae Exotic
porcelain-berry Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trautv. Vitaceae Exotic
giant reed Arundo donax L. Poaceae Exotic
Japanese barberry Berberis thunbergii DC. Berberidaceae Exotic
musk thistle Carduus nutans L. Asteraceae Exotic
oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Celastraceae Exotic
spotted knapweed Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek Asteraceae Exotic
purple crown-vetch Securigera varia (L.) Lassen Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
common teasel Dipsacus fullonum L. Dipsacaceae Exotic
Brazilian waterweed Egeria densa Planch. Hydrocharitaceae Exotic
common water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms Pontederiaceae Exotic
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Elaeagnaceae Exotic
Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Elaeagnaceae Exotic
winged burning bush Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Sieb. Celastraceae Exotic
winter creeper Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Maz. Celastraceae Exotic
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea L. Lamiaceae Exotic
English ivy Hedera helix L. Araliaceae Exotic
hydrilla Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle Hydrocharitaceae Exotic
ivyleaf morningglory Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. Convolvulaceae Exotic
shrubby lespedeza Lespedeza bicolor Turcz. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
sericea lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense Lour. Oleaceae Exotic
European privet Ligustrum vulgare L. Oleaceae Exotic
tall fescue Festuca arundinacea Schreb. Poaceae Exotic
sweet breath of spring Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Thunb. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Amur honeysuckle Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Morrow's honeysuckle Lonicera morrowii Gray Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Tatarian honeysuckle Lonicera tatarica L. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria L. Lythraceae Exotic
chinaberry Melia azedarach L. Meliaceae Exotic
Japanese stiltgrass Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus Poaceae Exotic
Chinese silvergrass Miscanthus sinensis Anderss. Poaceae Exotic
marsh dayflower Murdannia keisak (Hassk.) Hand.-Maz. Commelinaceae Exotic
parrotfeather Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. Haloragaceae Exotic
Eurasian water-milfoil Myriophyllum spicatum L. Haloragaceae Exotic
Japanese pachysandra Pachysandra terminalis Sieb. & Zucc. Buxaceae Exotic
common reed Phragmites australis (Cavanilles) Trinius ex Steudel Poaceae Exotic
golden bamboo Phyllostachys aurea Carr. ex A.& C. Rivière Poaceae Exotic
water lettuce Pistia stratiotes L. Araceae Native
mile-a-minute vine Persicaria perfoliata (L.) H. Gross Polygonaceae Exotic
white poplar Populus alba L. Salicaceae Exotic
arrow bamboo Pseudosasa japonica (Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.) Makino ex Nakai Poaceae Exotic
lesser celandine, fig buttercup Ficaria verna Huds. Ranunculaceae Exotic
European buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica L. Rhamnaceae Exotic
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora Thunb. Rosaceae Exotic
wine raspberry Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. Rosaceae Exotic
johnsongrass Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. Poaceae Exotic
Japanese spiraea Spiraea japonica L. f. Rosaceae Exotic
common chickweed Stellaria pallida (Dumort.) Crépin Caryophyllaceae Exotic
Chinese tallowtree Triadica sebifera (L.) Small Euphorbiaceae Exotic
common mullein Verbascum thapsus L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
common periwinkle Vinca minor L. Apocynaceae Exotic
Japanese wisteria Wisteria floribunda (Willd.) DC. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Chinese wisteria Wisteria sinensis (Sims) DC. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
cypress spurge Euphorbia cyparissias L. Euphorbiaceae Exotic
Scots pine Pinus sylvestris L. Pinaceae Exotic
European black alder Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. Betulaceae Exotic
osage-orange Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid. Moraceae Native
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Native
common horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum L. Hippocastanaceae Exotic
Norway spruce Picea abies (L.) Karst. Pinaceae Exotic
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Asteraceae Exotic
Black dog-strangling vine, black swallowwort Vincetoxicum nigrum (L.) Moench Asclepiadaceae Exotic
spiny plumeless thistle Carduus acanthoides L. Asteraceae Exotic
leafy spurge Euphorbia esula L. Euphorbiaceae Exotic
tawny daylily Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L. Liliaceae Exotic
purple deadnettle Lamium purpureum L. Lamiaceae Exotic
perilla mint Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton Lamiaceae Exotic
Japanese knotweed Fallopia japonica (Houttuyn) Ronse-Decraene Polygonaceae Exotic
Siberian elm Ulmus pumila L. Ulmaceae Exotic
European water chestnut Trapa natans L. Trapaceae Exotic
prairie sunflower Helianthus petiolaris Nutt. Asteraceae Native
yellow toadflax Linaria vulgaris P. Mill. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
dandelion Taraxacum officinale G.H. Weber ex Wiggers Asteraceae Native
northern catalpa Catalpa speciosa (Warder) Warder ex Engelm. Bignoniaceae Native
dog-strangling vine, European swallowwort Vincetoxicum rossicum (Kleopov) Barbarich Asclepiadaceae Exotic
field bindweed Convolvulus arvensis L. Convolvulaceae Exotic
poison-hemlock Conium maculatum L. Apiaceae Exotic
yellow starthistle Centaurea solstitialis L. Asteraceae Exotic
Scotch broom Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
mouseear hawkweed Hieracium pilosella L. Asteraceae Exotic
sulfur cinquefoil Potentilla recta L. Rosaceae Exotic
orchardgrass Dactylis glomerata L. Poaceae Exotic
thorny olive Elaeagnus pungens Thunb. Elaeagnaceae Exotic
Chinese yam Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Dioscoreaceae Exotic
big periwinkle Vinca major L. Apocynaceae Exotic
goatsrue Galega officinalis L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
giant hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier & Levier Apiaceae Exotic
Dyer's woad Isatis tinctoria L. Brassicaceae Exotic
Macartney rose Rosa bracteata J.C. Wendl. Rosaceae Exotic
velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti Medik Malvaceae Exotic
wild garlic Allium vineale L. Amaryllidaceae Exotic
tall oatgrass Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Beauv. ex J.& K. Presl Poaceae Exotic
small carpetgrass, joint-head grass Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino Poaceae Exotic
common burdock Arctium minus Bernh. Asteraceae Exotic
mugwort Artemisia vulgaris L. Asteraceae Exotic
common barberry Berberis vulgaris L Berberidaceae Exotic
bald brome Bromus racemosus L. Poaceae Exotic
paper-mulberry Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L'Hér. ex Vent. Moraceae Exotic
birdsrape mustard Brassica rapa L. Brassicaceae Exotic
poverty brome Bromus sterilis L. Poaceae Exotic
cheatgrass Bromus tectorum L. Poaceae Exotic
shepherd's-purse Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Brassicaceae Exotic
curly plumeless thistle Carduus crispus L. Asteraceae Exotic
balloonvine Cardiospermum halicacabum L. Sapindaceae Exotic
cornflower Centaurea cyanus L. Asteraceae Exotic
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium fontanum Baumg. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
brown knapweed Centaurea jacea L. Asteraceae Exotic
alpine knapweed Centaurea nigrescens Willd Asteraceae Exotic
mexicantea Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants Chenopodiaceae Exotic
chicory Cichorium intybus L. Asteraceae Exotic
sweet autumn virginsbower Clematis terniflora DC Ranunculaceae Exotic
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis L. Commelinaceae Exotic
bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers Poaceae Exotic
rice flatsedge Cyperus iria L. Cyperaceae Exotic
purple nutsedge Cyperus rotundus L. Cyperaceae Exotic
Queen Anne's lace, wild carrot Daucus carota L. Apiaceae Exotic
jimsonweed Datura stramonium L. Solanaceae Exotic
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria L. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
cutleaf teasel Dipsacus laciniatus L. Dipsacaceae Exotic
eclipta Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. Asteraceae Native
common viper's bugloss Echium vulgare L. Boraginaceae Exotic
quackgrass Elymus repens (L.) Gould Poaceae Exotic
fennel Foeniculum vulgare P. Mill. Apiaceae Exotic
glossy buckthorn Frangula alnus Mill. Rhamnaceae Exotic
hairy galinsoga Galinsoga quadriradiata Cav Asteraceae Exotic
dames rocket Hesperis matronalis L. Brassicaceae Exotic
rose of Sharon Hibiscus syriacus L. Malvaceae Exotic
common velvetgrass Holcus lanatus L. Poaceae Exotic
hairy cat's ear Hypochaeris radicata L. Asteraceae Exotic
English holly Ilex aquifolium L. Aquifoliaceae Exotic
pitted morningglory Ipomoea lacunosa L. Convolvulaceae Native
yellow iris Iris pseudacorus L. Iridaceae Exotic
henbit Lamium amplexicaule L. Lamiaceae Exotic
nipplewort Lapsana communis L. Asteraceae Exotic
oxeye daisy Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. Asteraceae Exotic
showy fly honeysuckle, Bell's honeysuckle Lonicera x bella Zabel [morrowii × tatarica] Caprifoliaceae Exotic
birdsfoot trefoil Lotus corniculatus L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
meadow fescue Festuca pratensis Huds. Poaceae Exotic
creeping yellow loosestrife, creeping Jenney Lysimachia nummularia L. Primulaceae Exotic
European wand loosestrife Lythrum virgatum L. Lythraceae Exotic
black medic Medicago lupulina L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
yellow sweet-clover Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
white mulberry Morus alba L. Moraceae Exotic
common grape hyacinth Muscari botryoides (L.) P. Mill. Liliaceae Exotic
catnip Nepeta cataria L. Lamiaceae Exotic
star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum L. Liliaceae Exotic
dallisgrass Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Poaceae Exotic
wild parsnip Pastinaca sativa L. Apiaceae Exotic
reed canarygrass Phalaris arundinacea L. Poaceae Exotic
timothy Phleum pratense L. Poaceae Exotic
buckhorn plantain Plantago lanceolata L. Plantaginaceae Exotic
broadleaf plantain Plantago major L. Plantaginaceae Exotic
Oriental lady's thumb Persicaria longiseta (Bruijn) Kitagawa Polygonaceae Exotic
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa L. Poaceae Exotic
curly-leaved pondweed Potamogeton crispus L. Potamogetonaceae Exotic
princess-feather Persicaria orientalis (L.) Spach Polygonaceae Exotic
ladysthumb Persicaria maculosa S.F. Gray Polygonaceae Exotic
giant knotweed Fallopia sachalinensis (F. Schmidt) Ronse-Decraene Polygonaceae Exotic
roughstalk bluegrass Poa trivialis L. Poaceae Exotic
tall buttercup Ranunculus acris L. Ranunculaceae Exotic
bulbous buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus L. Ranunculaceae Exotic
wild radish Raphanus raphanistrum L. Brassicaceae Exotic
red sorrel Rumex acetosella L. Polygonaceae Exotic
curly dock Rumex crispus ssp. crispus L. Polygonaceae Exotic
Himalayan blackberry Rubus armeniacus Focke Rosaceae Exotic
cutleaf blackberry Rubus laciniatus Willd. Rosaceae Exotic
Russian thistle Salsola kali L. Chenopodiaceae Exotic
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis L. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
giant foxtail Setaria faberi Herrm. Poaceae Exotic
sudangrass Sorghum bicolor ssp. drummondii (Nees ex Steud.) de Wet & Harlan Poaceae Exotic
bittersweet nightshade Solanum dulcamara L. Solanaceae Exotic
black nightshade Solanum nigrum L. Solanaceae Exotic
common tansy Tanacetum vulgare L. Asteraceae Exotic
large hop clover Trifolium campestre Schreb. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
white clover Trifolium repens L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
coltsfoot Tussilago farfara L. Asteraceae Exotic
Chinese elm Ulmus parvifolia Jacq. Ulmaceae Exotic
moth mullein Verbascum blattaria L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
cranberry vibrunum, European highbush cranberry Viburnum opulus ssp. opulus Linnaeus Caprifoliaceae Exotic
jetbead Rhodotypos scandens (Thunb.) Makino Rosaceae Exotic
crapemyrtle Lagerstroemia indica L. Lythraceae Exotic
weeping lovegrass Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees Poaceae Exotic
redtop Agrostis gigantea Roth Poaceae Exotic
woodland strawberry Fragaria vesca L. Rosaceae Native
sawtooth oak Quercus acutissima Carruthers Fagaceae Exotic
border privet Ligustrum obtusifolium Sieb. & Zucc. Oleaceae Exotic
Standish's honeysuckle Lonicera standishii Jacques Caprifoliaceae Exotic
chocolate vine Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Dcne. Lardizabalaceae Exotic
Japanese hop Humulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc. Cannabaceae Exotic
tall morningglory Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth Convolvulaceae Exotic
carpet bugle Ajuga reptans L. Lamiaceae Exotic
Indian mock-strawberry Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke Rosaceae Exotic
Thunberg lespedeza Lespedeza thunbergii (DC.) Nakai Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
ivyleaf speedwell Veronica hederifolia L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
Japanese sedge Carex kobomugi Ohwi Cyperaceae Exotic
colonial bentgrass Agrostis capillaris L. Poaceae Exotic
linden viburnum Viburnum dilatatum Thunb. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Sycamore maple Acer pseudoplatanus L. Aceraceae Exotic
Callery pear (Bradford pear) Pyrus calleryana Dcne. Rosaceae Exotic
paradise apple Malus pumila P. Mill. Rosaceae Exotic
Asiatic hawksbeard Youngia japonica (L.) DC. Asteraceae Exotic
Siebold's arrowwood Viburnum sieboldii Miq. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Japanese snowball Viburnum plicatum Thunb. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
goutweed Aegopodium podagraria L. Apiaceae Exotic
sweet vernalgrass Anthoxanthum odoratum L. Poaceae Exotic
Japanese angelica tree Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem Araliaceae Exotic
European birch Betula pendula Roth Betulaceae Exotic
European waterstarwort Callitriche stagnalis Scop. Callitrichaceae Exotic
narrowleaf bittercress Cardamine impatiens L. Brassicaceae Exotic
carline thistle Carlina vulgaris L. Asteraceae Exotic
Chinese catalpa Catalpa ovata G. Don Bignoniaceae Exotic
boreal chickweed Cerastium tomentosum L. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
greater celandine Chelidonium majus L. Papaveraceae Exotic
smooth bedstraw Cruciata laevipes Opiz Rubiaceae Exotic
fuzzy pride-of-Rochester Deutzia scabra Thunb. Hydrangeaceae Exotic
European spindletree Euonymus europaeus L. Celastraceae Exotic
slender snakecotton Froelichia gracilis (Hook.) Moq. Amaranthaceae Native
smooth bedstraw Galium mollugo L. Rubiaceae Exotic
smallflower galinsoga Galinsoga parviflora Cav. Asteraceae Exotic
yellow bedstraw Galium verum L. Rubiaceae Exotic
Dyer's greenweed Genista tinctoria L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
longstalk cranesbill Geranium columbinum L. Geraniaceae Exotic
yellow daylily Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L. Liliaceae Exotic
Japanese holly Ilex crenata Thunb. Aquifoliaceae Exotic
Japanese rose Kerria japonica (L.) DC. Rosaceae Exotic
false green kyllinga Kyllinga gracillima Miq. Cyperaceae Native
spotted deadnettle Lamium maculatum L. Lamiaceae Exotic
weeping lantana Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. Verbenaceae Exotic
Amur privet Ligustrum amurense Carrière Oleaceae Exotic
California privet Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk. Oleaceae Exotic
creeping liriope Liriope spicata (Thunb.) Lour. Liliaceae Exotic
Chinese lobelia Lobelia chinensis Lour. Campanulaceae Exotic
dwarf honeysuckle Lonicera xylosteum L. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
meadow campion Silene flos-cuculi (L.) Clairv. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
giant chickweed Myosoton aquaticum (L.) Moench Caryophyllaceae Exotic
Amur corktree Phellodendron amurense Rupr. Rutaceae Exotic
Japanese corktree Phellodendron japonicum Maxim. Rutaceae Exotic
trifoliate orange Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. Rutaceae Exotic
sweet cherry Prunus avium (L.) L. Rosaceae Exotic
sour cherry Prunus cerasus L. Rosaceae Exotic
Mahaleb cherry Prunus mahaleb L. Rosaceae Exotic
European bird cherry Prunus padus L. Rosaceae Exotic
cultivated currant Ribes rubrum L. Grossulariaceae Exotic
bristly locust Robinia hispida L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
dog rose Rosa canina L. Rosaceae Exotic
sweetbriar rose Rosa eglanteria L. Rosaceae Exotic
French rose Rosa gallica L. Rosaceae Exotic
smallflower sweetbrier Rosa micrantha Borrer ex Sm. Rosaceae Exotic
Seaside rose Rosa rugosa Thunb. Rosaceae Exotic
memorial rose Rosa wichuraiana Crépin Rosaceae Exotic
Himalayan blackberry Rubus bifrons Vest ex Tratt. Rosaceae Exotic
strawberry raspberry Rubus illecebrosus Focke Rosaceae Exotic
white willow Salix alba L. Salicaceae Exotic
goat willow Salix caprea L. Salicaceae Exotic
large gray willow Salix cinerea L. Salicaceae Exotic
crack willow Salix fragilis L. Salicaceae Exotic
laurel willow Salix pentandra L. Salicaceae Exotic
purpleosier willow Salix purpurea L. Salicaceae Exotic
weeping willow Salix x sepulcralis Simonkai [alba × babylonica] Salicaceae Exotic
Morison's spurry Spergula morisonii Boreau Caryophyllaceae Exotic
rock dandelion Taraxacum laevigatum (Willd.) DC. Asteraceae Exotic
Japanese yew Taxus cuspidata Sieb. & Zucc. Taxaceae Exotic
meadow salsify Tragopogon lamottei L. Asteraceae Exotic
hop clover Trifolium aureum Pollich Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
small hop clover Trifolium dubium Sibthorp Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
red clover Trifolium pratense L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
European speedwell Veronica beccabunga L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
thymeleaf speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
common bamboo Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendl. Poaceae Exotic
butterflybush Buddleja davidii Franch. Buddlejaceae Exotic
beach wormwood Artemisia stelleriana Bess. Asteraceae Exotic
Asian flatsedge Cyperus microiria Steud. Cyperaceae Exotic
Japanese black pine Pinus thunbergii Parl. Pinaceae Exotic
wavyleaf basketgrass Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. undulatifolius (Ard.) U. Scholz Poaceae Exotic