Invasive Plants of National Parks


604 Species

Subject Name Scientific Name Family Nativity
Japanese maple Acer palmatum Thunb. Aceraceae Exotic
Norway maple Acer platanoides L. Aceraceae Exotic
sisal Agave sisalana Perrine Agavaceae Exotic
slenderleaf iceplant Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum L. Aizoaceae Exotic
sessile joyweed Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. ex DC. Amaranthaceae Exotic
spiny amaranth Amaranthus spinosus L Amaranthaceae Exotic
slender amaranth Amaranthus viridis L Amaranthaceae Exotic
alligatorweed Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. Amaranthaceae Exotic
Brazilian peppertree Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Anacardiaceae Exotic
mango Mangifera indica L. Anacardiaceae Exotic
parsley Petroselinum crispum (P. Mill.) Nyman ex A.W. Hill Apiaceae Exotic
whorled pennywort Hydrocotyle verticillata Thunb. Apiaceae Native
spreading hedgeparsley Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link Apiaceae Exotic
Asiatic pennywort Centella asiatica (L.) Urban Apiaceae Exotic
wild celery Apium graveolens L. Apiaceae Exotic
poison-hemlock Conium maculatum L. Apiaceae Exotic
Queen Anne's lace, wild carrot Daucus carota L. Apiaceae Exotic
fennel Foeniculum vulgare P. Mill. Apiaceae Exotic
wild parsnip Pastinaca sativa L. Apiaceae Exotic
big periwinkle Vinca major L. Apocynaceae Exotic
common periwinkle Vinca minor L. Apocynaceae Exotic
Madagascar periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don Apocynaceae Exotic
oleander Nerium oleander L. Apocynaceae Exotic
Japanese holly Ilex crenata Thunb. Aquifoliaceae Exotic
English holly Ilex aquifolium L. Aquifoliaceae Exotic
centipede tongavine Epipremnum pinnatum (L.) Engl Araceae Exotic
coco yam, wild taro Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Araceae Exotic
Italian arum Arum italicum P. Mill. Araceae Exotic
Japanese angelica tree Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem Araliaceae Exotic
English ivy Hedera helix L. Araliaceae Exotic
date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. Arecaceae Exotic
Black dog-strangling vine, black swallowwort Cynanchum louiseae Kartesz & Gandhi Asclepiadaceae Exotic
balloon cottonbush Asclepias physocarpa (E. Mey.) Schlechter Asclepiadaceae Exotic
bloodflower milkweed Asclepias curassavica L. Asclepiadaceae Exotic
great burdock Arctium lappa L. Asteraceae Exotic
tropic ageratum Ageratum conyzoides L. Asteraceae Exotic
American burnweed Erechtites hieraciifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC. Asteraceae Native
Asiatic hawksbeard Youngia japonica (L.) DC. Asteraceae Exotic
smallflower galinsoga Galinsoga parviflora Cav. Asteraceae Exotic
rock dandelion Taraxacum laevigatum (Willd.) DC. Asteraceae Exotic
meadow salsify Tragopogon lamottei L. Asteraceae Exotic
western salsify Tragopogon dubius Scop. Asteraceae Exotic
common tansy Tanacetum vulgare L. Asteraceae Exotic
coltsfoot Tussilago farfara L. Asteraceae Exotic
crownbeard Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Gray Asteraceae Native
lettuce Lactuca sativa L. Asteraceae Exotic
common groundsel Senecio vulgaris L. Asteraceae Exotic
perennial sowthistle Sonchus arvensis L. Asteraceae Exotic
spiny sowthistle Sonchus asper (L.) Hill Asteraceae Exotic
annual sowthistle Sonchus oleraceus L. Asteraceae Exotic
Jersey cudweed Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum (L.) Hilliard & Burtt Asteraceae Exotic
dog's-tongue Pseudelephantopus spicatus (Juss. ex Aubl.) C.F. Baker Asteraceae Exotic
southern brassbuttons Cotula australis (Sieber) Hook. f. Asteraceae Exotic
redflower ragleaf Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore Asteraceae Exotic
little ironweed Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H.E. Robins. Asteraceae Exotic
Cupid's-shaving-brush Emilia fosbergii D.H. Nicols. Asteraceae Exotic
lilac tasselflower Emilia sonchifolia var. sonchifolia (L.) DC. Asteraceae Exotic
tropical burnweed Erechtites valerianifolius (Spreng.) DC. Asteraceae Exotic
telegraph weed Heterotheca grandiflora Nutt. Asteraceae Native
common St. Paul's wort Sigesbeckia orientalis L. Asteraceae Exotic
woodland groundsel Senecio sylvaticus L. Asteraceae Exotic
father-and-child plant Euchiton japonicus (Thunb.) A. Anderb. Asteraceae Exotic
common salsify Tragopogon porrifolius L. Asteraceae Exotic
nodeweed Synedrella nodiflora (L.) Gaertn. Asteraceae Exotic
absinth wormwood Artemisia absinthium L. Asteraceae Exotic
stinking chamomile Anthemis cotula L Asteraceae Exotic
Scotch thistle Onopordum acanthium L. Asteraceae Exotic
Italian plumeless thistle Carduus pycnocephalus L. Asteraceae Exotic
diffuse knapweed Centaurea diffusa Lam. Asteraceae Exotic
croftonweed Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) King & H.E. Robins. Asteraceae Exotic
creeping croftonweed Ageratina riparia (Regel) King & H.E. Robins. Asteraceae Exotic
spiny plumeless thistle Carduus acanthoides L. Asteraceae Exotic
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Asteraceae Exotic
dandelion Taraxacum officinale G.H. Weber ex Wiggers Asteraceae Exotic
yellow starthistle Centaurea solstitialis L. Asteraceae Exotic
rush skeletonweed Chondrilla juncea L. Asteraceae Exotic
tansy ragwort Senecio jacobaea L. Asteraceae Exotic
orange hawkweed Hieracium aurantiacum L. Asteraceae Exotic
meadow hawkweed Hieracium caespitosum Dumort. Asteraceae Exotic
musk thistle Carduus nutans L. Asteraceae Exotic
spotted knapweed Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek Asteraceae Exotic
Canada thistle Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Asteraceae Exotic
hairy fleabane Conyza bonariensis (L.) Cronquist Asteraceae Exotic
horseweed Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. Asteraceae Native
cornflower Centaurea cyanus L. Asteraceae Exotic
brown knapweed Centaurea jacea L. Asteraceae Exotic
Malta starthistle Centaurea melitensis L. Asteraceae Exotic
chicory Cichorium intybus L. Asteraceae Exotic
common burdock Arctium minus Bernh. Asteraceae Exotic
mugwort Artemisia vulgaris L. Asteraceae Exotic
hairy beggarticks Bidens pilosa L. Asteraceae Exotic
eclipta Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. Asteraceae Exotic
purple cudweed Gamochaeta purpurea (L.) Cabrera Asteraceae Native
hairy galinsoga Galinsoga quadriradiata Cav Asteraceae Exotic
cape ivy Delairea odorata Lem Asteraceae Exotic
smooth hawksbeard Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr Asteraceae Exotic
narrowleaf hawksbeard Crepis tectorum L. Asteraceae Exotic
nipplewort Lapsana communis L. Asteraceae Exotic
prickly lettuce Lactuca serriola L. Asteraceae Exotic
oxeye daisy Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. Asteraceae Exotic
pineapple-weed Matricaria discoidea DC. Asteraceae Native
coast tarweed Madia sativa Molina Asteraceae Native
hairy cat's ear Hypochaeris radicata L. Asteraceae Exotic
cure for all Pluchea carolinensis (Jacq.) G. Don Asteraceae Exotic
Acroptilon repens (L.) DC. Asteraceae Exotic
common barberry Berberis vulgaris L Berberidaceae Exotic
sacred bamboo Nandina domestica Thunb. Berberidaceae Exotic
Japanese barberry Berberis thunbergii DC. Berberidaceae Exotic
leatherleaf mahonia Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Carr. Berberidaceae Exotic
African tuliptree Spathodea campanulata Beauv. Bignoniaceae Exotic
northern catalpa Catalpa speciosa (Warder) Warder ex Engelm. Bignoniaceae Native
houndstongue Cynoglossum officinale L. Boraginaceae Exotic
common viper's bugloss Echium vulgare L. Boraginaceae Exotic
dames rocket Hesperis matronalis L. Brassicaceae Exotic
flixweed Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl Brassicaceae Exotic
spring whitlowgrass Draba verna L. Brassicaceae Exotic
smallseed falseflax Camelina microcarpa DC. Brassicaceae Exotic
African mustard Brassica tournefortii Gouan Brassicaceae Exotic
shepherd's-purse Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Brassicaceae Exotic
Indian mustard Brassica juncea (L.) Czern Brassicaceae Exotic
black mustard Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch Brassicaceae Exotic
birdsrape mustard Brassica rapa L. Brassicaceae Exotic
hoary alyssum Berteroa incana (L.) DC Brassicaceae Exotic
blue mustard Chorispora tenella (Pallas) DC. Brassicaceae Exotic
lesser swinecress Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. Brassicaceae Exotic
perennial pepperweed Lepidium latifolium L. Brassicaceae Exotic
clasping pepperweed Lepidium perfoliatum L. Brassicaceae Exotic
Virginia pepperweed Lepidium virginicum L. Brassicaceae Native
garlic mustard Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande Brassicaceae Exotic
field pennycress Thlaspi arvense L. Brassicaceae Exotic
hedge mustard Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. Brassicaceae Exotic
tumble mustard Sisymbrium altissimum L. Brassicaceae Exotic
London rocket Sisymbrium irio L. Brassicaceae Exotic
wild radish Raphanus raphanistrum L. Brassicaceae Exotic
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek Brassicaceae Exotic
cabbage collards and kale Brassica oleracea L. Brassicaceae Exotic
woodland bittercress Cardamine flexuosa With. Brassicaceae Exotic
oriental mustard Sisymbrium orientale L. Brassicaceae Exotic
shortpod mustard Hirschfeldia incana (L.) Lagrèze-Fossat Brassicaceae Exotic
Malcolm stock Malcolmia africana (L.) Ait. f. Brassicaceae Exotic
Cardaria draba (L.) Desv Brassicaceae Exotic
onerow yellowcress Nasturtium microphyllum Boenn. ex Rchb. Brassicaceae Exotic
Japanese pachysandra Pachysandra terminalis Sieb. & Zucc. Buxaceae Exotic
tuna cactus Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) P. Mill. Cactaceae Exotic
Japanese hop Humulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc. Cannabaceae Exotic
Indian shot Canna indica L. Cannaceae Exotic
linden viburnum Viburnum dilatatum Thunb. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Japanese snowball Viburnum plicatum Thunb. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Standish's honeysuckle Lonicera standishii Jacques Caprifoliaceae Exotic
sweet breath of spring Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Thunb. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Amur honeysuckle Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Morrow's honeysuckle Lonicera morrowii Gray Caprifoliaceae Exotic
Tatarian honeysuckle Lonicera tatarica L. Caprifoliaceae Exotic
showy fly honeysuckle, Bell's honeysuckle Lonicera x bella Zabel [morrowii × tatarica] Caprifoliaceae Exotic
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium fontanum Baumg. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
big chickweed Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare (Hartman) Greuter & Burdet Caryophyllaceae Exotic
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria L. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
babysbreath Gypsophila paniculata L Caryophyllaceae Exotic
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis L. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
bladder campion Silene latifolia ssp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet Caryophyllaceae Exotic
bladder campion Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke Caryophyllaceae Exotic
thymeleaf sandwort Arenaria serpyllifolia L. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
fourleaf manyseed Polycarpon tetraphyllum (L.) L. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
common chickweed Stellaria media (L.) Vill. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
garden baby's-breath Gypsophila scorzonerifolia Ser. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
hairypink Petrorhagia dubia (Raf.) G. López & Romo Caryophyllaceae Exotic
English catchfly Silene gallica L. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
heartleaf drymary Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex J.A. Schultes Caryophyllaceae Exotic
Lychnis alba Mill. Caryophyllaceae Exotic
Australian-pine Casuarina equisetifolia L. Casuarinaceae Exotic
oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Celastraceae Exotic
winged burning bush Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Sieb. Celastraceae Exotic
winter creeper Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Maz. Celastraceae Exotic
halogeton Halogeton glomeratus (Bieb.) C.A. Mey. Chenopodiaceae Exotic
nettleleaf goosefoot Chenopodium murale L. Chenopodiaceae Exotic
fivehook bassia Bassia hyssopifolia (Pallas) Kuntz Chenopodiaceae Exotic
American bugseed Corispermum americanum var. rydbergii Mosyakin Chenopodiaceae Native
shiny bugseed Corispermum nitidum Kit. ex J.A. Schultes Chenopodiaceae Exotic
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. Chenopodiaceae Exotic
Chenopodium pumilio R. Br. Chenopodiaceae Exotic
peregrine saltbush Atriplex suberecta I. Verd. Chenopodiaceae Exotic
barbwire Russian-thistle Salsola paulsenii Litv. Chenopodiaceae Exotic
Russian-thistle Salsola tragus L. Chenopodiaceae Exotic
slender Russian thistle Salsola collina Pallas Chenopodiaceae Exotic
Russian thistle Salsola kali L. Chenopodiaceae Exotic
common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum L. Clusiaceae Exotic
tropical almond Terminalia catappa L. Combretaceae Exotic
marsh dayflower Murdannia keisak (Hassk.) Hand.-Maz. Commelinaceae Exotic
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis L. Commelinaceae Exotic
moonflower Ipomoea alba L. Convolvulaceae Exotic
pitted morningglory Ipomoea lacunosa L. Convolvulaceae Native
ivyleaf morningglory Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. Convolvulaceae Exotic
field bindweed Convolvulus arvensis L. Convolvulaceae Exotic
tall morningglory Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth Convolvulaceae Exotic
chandelier plant Kalanchoe delagoensis Ecklon & Zeyh. Crassulaceae Exotic
cathedral bells Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. Crassulaceae Exotic
balsamapple Momordica charantia L. Cucurbitaceae Exotic
colocynth Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. Cucurbitaceae Exotic
chayote Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. Cucurbitaceae Exotic
Arizona cypress Cupressus arizonica Greene Cupressaceae Native
eastern arborvitae Thuja occidentalis L. Cupressaceae Native
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana L. Cupressaceae Native
Port Orford cedar Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murr.) Parl. Cupressaceae Native
incense-cedar Calocedrus decurrens (Torr.) Florin Cupressaceae Native
haspan flatsedge Cyperus haspan L. Cyperaceae Native
Japanese sedge Carex kobomugi Ohwi Cyperaceae Exotic
white kyllinga Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel Cyperaceae Exotic
green kyllinga Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. Cyperaceae Exotic
Long's sedge Carex longii Mackenzie Cyperaceae Native
anglestem beaksedge Rhynchospora caduca Ell. Cyperaceae Native
fishtail swordfern Nephrolepis falcata (Cav.) C. Christens. Dryopteridaceae Exotic
Japanese false spleenwort Deparia petersenii (Kunze) M. Kato Dryopteridaceae Exotic
Nephrolepis multiflora (Roxb.) Jarrett ex Morton Dryopteridaceae Exotic
Spanish heath Erica lusitanica K. Rudolphi Ericaceae Exotic
garden spurge Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp. Euphorbiaceae Native
petty spurge Euphorbia peplus L. Euphorbiaceae Exotic
tapioca Manihot esculenta Crantz Euphorbiaceae Exotic
ceara rubbertree Manihot glaziovii Muell.-Arg. Euphorbiaceae Exotic
Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small Euphorbiaceae Native
castorbean Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae Exotic
poinsettia Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch Euphorbiaceae Exotic
Chinese tallowtree Triadica sebifera (L.) Small Euphorbiaceae Exotic
leafy spurge Euphorbia esula L. Euphorbiaceae Exotic
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Native
gorse Ulex europaeus L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Scotch broom Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
black acacia Acacia melanoxylon R. Br. ex Ait. f. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
black wattle Acacia mearnsii de Wildeman. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
camelthorn Alhagi maurorum Medik Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Japanese wisteria Wisteria floribunda (Willd.) DC. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Chinese wisteria Wisteria sinensis (Sims) DC. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
kudzu Pueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S. Almeida Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
mimosa Albizia julibrissin Durazz. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
shrubby lespedeza Lespedeza bicolor Turcz. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
sericea lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
purple crown-vetch Securigera varia (L.) Lassen Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
French broom Genista monspessulana (L.) L. Johnson Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
common lespedeza Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
white leadtree Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
birdsfoot trefoil Lotus corniculatus L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
black medic Medicago lupulina L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
alfalfa Medicago sativa L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
yellow sweet-clover Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
hop clover Trifolium aureum Pollich Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
small hop clover Trifolium dubium Sibthorp Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
red clover Trifolium pratense L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
sensitive partridgepea Chamaecrista nictitans (L.) Moench Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Native
annual yellow sweetclover Melilotus indicus (L.) All. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Indian coralbean Erythrina variegata L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
alsike clover Trifolium hybridum L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
maunaloa Canavalia cathartica Thouars Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
coffee senna Senna occidentalis (L.) Link Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
Spanish broom Spartium junceum L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
rabbitfoot clover Trifolium arvense L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
large hop clover Trifolium campestre Schreb. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
common vetch Vicia sativa Linnaeus Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
white clover Trifolium repens L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
hairy bird's-foot trefoil Lotus subbiflorus Lag. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
shameplant Mimosa pudica var. unijuga (Duchass. & Walp.) Griseb. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
glossy shower Senna surattensis (Burm. f.) Irwin & Barneby Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
hedionda macho Senna septemtrionalis (Viviani) Irwin & Barneby Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
valamuerto Senna pendula var. advena (Vogel) Irwin & Barneby Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
anil de pasto Indigofera suffruticosa P. Mill. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
creeping beggarweed Desmodium incanum DC. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Native
Hawai'i ticktrefoil Desmodium sandwicense E. Mey. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
threeflower beggarweed Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Exotic
European centaury Centaurium erythraea Rafn Gentianaceae Exotic
parrotfeather Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. Haloragaceae Exotic
Eurasian water-milfoil Myriophyllum spicatum L. Haloragaceae Exotic
fuzzy pride-of-Rochester Deutzia scabra Thunb. Hydrangeaceae Exotic
Brazilian waterweed Egeria densa Planch. Hydrocharitaceae Exotic
hydrilla Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle Hydrocharitaceae Exotic
yellow iris Iris pseudacorus L. Iridaceae Exotic
cape bugle-lily Watsonia borbonica (Pourret) Goldblatt Iridaceae Exotic
swordleaf rush Juncus ensifolius Wikstr. Juncaceae Native
oakforest woodrush Luzula luzuloides (Lam.) Dandy & Wilmott Juncaceae Exotic
broadleaf rush Juncus planifolius R. Br. Juncaceae Exotic
henbit Lamium amplexicaule L. Lamiaceae Exotic
spearmint Mentha spicata L. Lamiaceae Exotic
white horehound Marrubium vulgare L. Lamiaceae Exotic
catnip Nepeta cataria L. Lamiaceae Exotic
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris L. Lamiaceae Native
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea L. Lamiaceae Exotic
Mediterranean sage Salvia aethiopis L. Lamiaceae Exotic
purple deadnettle Lamium purpureum L. Lamiaceae Exotic
perilla mint Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton Lamiaceae Exotic
spotted deadnettle Lamium maculatum L. Lamiaceae Exotic
carpet bugle Ajuga reptans L. Lamiaceae Exotic
fieldnettle betony Stachys arvensis (L.) L. Lamiaceae Exotic
lemon balm Melissa officinalis L. Lamiaceae Exotic
apple-mint Mentha x villosa Huds. (pro sp.) [spicata × suaveolens] Lamiaceae Exotic
common coleus Solenostemon scutellarioides (L.) Codd Lamiaceae Exotic
chocolate vine Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Dcne. Lardizabalaceae Exotic
avocado Persea americana P. Mill. Lauraceae Exotic
nodding star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum nutans L. Liliaceae Exotic
Barbados lily Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Kuntze Liliaceae Exotic
asparagus Asparagus officinalis L. Liliaceae Exotic
yellow daylily Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L. Liliaceae Exotic
tawny daylily Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L. Liliaceae Exotic
star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum L. Liliaceae Exotic
common grape hyacinth Muscari botryoides (L.) P. Mill. Liliaceae Exotic
starch grape hyacinth Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten. Liliaceae Exotic
purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria L. Lythraceae Exotic
tarweed cuphea Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) J.F. Macbr. Lythraceae Exotic
threelobe false mallow Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke Malvaceae Exotic
mazapan Malvaviscus penduliflorus DC. Malvaceae Exotic
hollyhock Alcea rosea L. Malvaceae Exotic
little mallow Malva parviflora L. Malvaceae Exotic
hairy Indian mallow Abutilon grandifolium (Willd.) Sweet Malvaceae Exotic
Caesarweed Urena lobata L. Malvaceae Exotic
portia tree Thespesia populnea (L.) Soland. ex Correa Malvaceae Exotic
common mallow Malva neglecta Wallr. Malvaceae Exotic
rose of Sharon Hibiscus syriacus L. Malvaceae Exotic
oriental vessel fern Angiopteris evecta (J.R. Forst.) Hoffmann Marattiaceae Exotic
soapbush Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don Melastomataceae Exotic
chinaberry Melia azedarach L. Meliaceae Exotic
osage-orange Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid. Moraceae Native
paper-mulberry Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L'Hér. ex Vent. Moraceae Exotic
white mulberry Morus alba L. Moraceae Exotic
Ficus thonningii Blume Moraceae Exotic
firetree Morella faya (Ait.) Wilbur Myricaceae Exotic
shoebutton ardisia Ardisia elliptica Thunb Myrsinaceae Exotic
Tasmanian bluegum Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Myrtaceae Exotic
swampmahogany Eucalyptus robusta Sm. Myrtaceae Exotic
melaleuca Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) Blake Myrtaceae Exotic
strawberry guava Psidium cattleianum Sabine Myrtaceae Exotic
guava Psidium guajava L. Myrtaceae Exotic
black peppermint Eucalyptus salicifolia (Sol.) Cav. Myrtaceae Exotic
Java plum Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels Myrtaceae Exotic
Malabar plum Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston Myrtaceae Exotic
common four-o'clock Mirabilis jalapa L. Nyctaginaceae Exotic
border privet Ligustrum obtusifolium Sieb. & Zucc. Oleaceae Exotic
olive Olea europaea L. Oleaceae Exotic
Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum Thunb. Oleaceae Exotic
Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense Lour. Oleaceae Exotic
European privet Ligustrum vulgare L. Oleaceae Exotic
cutleaf evening-primrose Oenothera laciniata Hill Onagraceae Native
redsepal evening-primrose Oenothera glazioviana Micheli Onagraceae Exotic
longfruited primrose-willow Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) Raven Onagraceae Native
waterpurslane Ludwigia palustris (L.) Ell. Onagraceae Native
aboriginal willowherb Epilobium billardierianum ssp. cinereum (A. Rich.) P.H. Raven & Engelhorn Onagraceae Exotic
Philippine ground orchid Spathoglottis plicata Blume Orchidaceae Exotic
bamboo orchid Arundina graminifolia (D. Don) Hochr. Orchidaceae Exotic
greater celandine Chelidonium majus L. Papaveraceae Exotic
white passionflower Passiflora subpeltata Ortega Passifloraceae Exotic
passionflower Passiflora edulis Sims Passifloraceae Exotic
redfruit passionflower Passiflora foetida L. Passifloraceae Exotic
wingleaf passionflower Passiflora bicornis P. Mill. Passifloraceae Exotic
maritime pine Pinus pinaster Soland., non Ait. Pinaceae Exotic
eastern white pine Pinus strobus L. Pinaceae Native
ponderosa pine Pinus ponderosa P.& C. Lawson Pinaceae Native
Douglas-fir Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco Pinaceae Native
Jeffrey pine Pinus jeffreyi Grev. & Balf. Pinaceae Native
Monterey pine Pinus radiata D. Don Pinaceae Native
Scots pine Pinus sylvestris L. Pinaceae Exotic
Norway spruce Picea abies (L.) Karst. Pinaceae Exotic
Japanese black pine Pinus thunbergii Parl. Pinaceae Exotic
Coulter pine Pinus coulteri D. Don Pinaceae Native
tall lodgepole pine Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm. ex S. Watson Pinaceae Native
Deodar cedar Cedrus deodara (Roxb. ex D. Don) G. Don f. Pinaceae Exotic
Mexican plantain Plantago australis Lam. Plantaginaceae Native
buckhorn plantain Plantago lanceolata L. Plantaginaceae Exotic
broadleaf plantain Plantago major L. Plantaginaceae Exotic
annual bluegrass Poa annua L. Poaceae Exotic
bulbous bluegrass Poa bulbosa L. Poaceae Exotic
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa L. Poaceae Exotic
sour paspalum Paspalum conjugatum Berg. Poaceae Native
dallisgrass Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Poaceae Exotic
blue panicum Panicum antidotale Retz. Poaceae Exotic
natalgrass Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka Poaceae Exotic
vaseygrass Paspalum urvillei Steud. Poaceae Exotic
elephant grass Pennisetum purpureum Schumacher Poaceae Exotic
crimson fountaingrass Pennisetum setaceum (Forsk.) Chiov. Poaceae Exotic
bulbous canarygrass Phalaris aquatica L. Poaceae Exotic
reed canarygrass Phalaris arundinacea L. Poaceae EXOTIC NATIVE
canarygrass Phalaris canariensis L. Poaceae Exotic
littleseed canarygrass Phalaris minor Retz. Poaceae Exotic
timothy Phleum pratense L. Poaceae Exotic
molassesgrass Melinis minutiflora Beauv. Poaceae Exotic
perennial ryegrass Lolium perenne L. Poaceae Exotic
common velvetgrass Holcus lanatus L. Poaceae Exotic
leporinum barley Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinum (Link) Arcang. Poaceae Exotic
red brome Bromus rubens L. Poaceae Exotic
cheatgrass Bromus tectorum L. Poaceae Exotic
field brome Bromus arvensis L. Poaceae Exotic
rescuegrass Bromus catharticus Vahl Poaceae Exotic
ripgut brome Bromus diandrus Roth Poaceae Exotic
smooth brome Bromus inermis Leyss. Poaceae Exotic
Uruguayan pampas grass Cortaderia selloana (Schult. & Schult. f.) Asch. & Graebn. Poaceae Exotic
purple pampasgrass Cortaderia jubata (Lem.) Stapf Poaceae Exotic
weeping grass Microlaena stipoides Labill. Poaceae Exotic
goosegrass Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Poaceae Exotic
quackgrass Elymus repens (L.) Gould Poaceae Exotic
stinkgrass Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vign. ex Janchen Poaceae Exotic
bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers Poaceae Exotic
southern crabgrass Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koel Poaceae Native
barnyardgrass Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv Poaceae Exotic
large crabgrass Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop Poaceae Exotic
tall oatgrass Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Beauv. ex J.& K. Presl Poaceae Exotic
small carpetgrass, joint-head grass Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino Poaceae Exotic
wild oat Avena fatua L. Poaceae Exotic
oat Avena sativa L. Poaceae Exotic
carpetgrass Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm. Poaceae Native
European beachgrass Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link Poaceae Exotic
broomsedge bluestem Andropogon virginicus L. Poaceae Native
jointed goatgrass Aegilops cylindrica Host Poaceae Exotic
creeping bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera L. Poaceae Native
ricegrass paspalum Paspalum scrobiculatum Linnaeus Poaceae Exotic
orchardgrass Dactylis glomerata L. Poaceae Exotic
kikuyugrass Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov. Poaceae Exotic
johnsongrass Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. Poaceae Exotic
Japanese stiltgrass Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus Poaceae Exotic
Chinese silvergrass Miscanthus sinensis Anderss. Poaceae Exotic
arrow bamboo Pseudosasa japonica (Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.) Makino ex Nakai Poaceae Exotic
common reed Phragmites australis (Cavanilles) Trinius ex Steudel Poaceae Native
golden bamboo Phyllostachys aurea Carr. ex A.& C. Rivière Poaceae Exotic
giant reed Arundo donax L. Poaceae Exotic
cogongrass Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Poaceae Exotic
bristle basketgrass Oplismenus hirtellus (L.) Beauv. Poaceae Native
buffelgrass Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link Poaceae Exotic
water-bent Polypogon viridis (Gouan) Breistr. Poaceae Exotic
Schedonorus phoenix (Scop.) Holub Poaceae Exotic
Lolium pratense (Huds.) S.J. Darbyshire Poaceae Exotic
Job's tears Coix lacryma-jobi L. Poaceae Exotic
Cuming's lovegrass Eragrostis cumingii Steud. Poaceae Exotic
Lehmann lovegrass Eragrostis lehmanniana Nees Poaceae Exotic
tropical cupgrass Eriochloa fatmensis (Hochst. & Steud.) W.D. Clayton Poaceae Exotic
junglerice Echinochloa colona (L.) Link Poaceae Exotic
pangolagrass Digitaria eriantha Steud. Poaceae Exotic
sourgrass Digitaria insularis (L.) Mez ex Ekman Poaceae Native
East Indian crabgrass Digitaria setigera Roth ex Roemer & J.A. Schultes Poaceae Exotic
violet crabgrass Digitaria violascens Link Poaceae Exotic
rat-tail grass Sporobolus indicus var. capensis Engelm. Poaceae Exotic
tussock dropseed Sporobolus diandrus (Retz.) P. Beauv. Poaceae Exotic
St. Augustinegrass Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze Poaceae Native
red fescue Festuca rubra L. Poaceae Native
squirreltail fescue Vulpia bromoides (L.) S.F. Gray Poaceae Exotic
mouse barley Hordeum murinum L. Poaceae Exotic
blue lawngrass Garnotia stricta Brongn. Poaceae Exotic
nit grass Gastridium phleoides (Nees & Meyen) C.E. Hubbard Poaceae Exotic
sweet vernalgrass Anthoxanthum odoratum L. Poaceae Exotic
common bamboo Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendl. Poaceae Exotic
interrupted windgrass Apera interrupta (L.) Beauv. Poaceae Exotic
broadleaf carpetgrass Axonopus compressus (Sw.) Beauv. Poaceae Native
rattlesnake brome Bromus briziformis Fisch. & C.A. Mey. Poaceae Exotic
ravennagrass Ripidium ravennae (L.) Trinius Poaceae Exotic
smooth barley Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucum (Steud.) Tzvelev Poaceae Exotic
silver hairgrass Aira caryophyllea L. Poaceae Exotic
smutgrass Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br. Poaceae Exotic
common wheat Triticum aestivum L. Poaceae Exotic
paragrass Urochloa mutica (Forsk.) T.Q. Nguyen Poaceae Exotic
redtop Agrostis gigantea Roth Poaceae Exotic
rattail fescue Vulpia myuros (L.) K.C. Gmel. Poaceae Exotic
weeping lovegrass Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees Poaceae Exotic
knotroot foxtail Setaria parviflora (Poir.) Kerguélen Poaceae Native
yellow foxtail Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes Poaceae Exotic
green foxtail Setaria viridis (L.) Beauv. Poaceae Exotic
sorghum Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench Poaceae Exotic
rabbitfoot polypogon Polypogon monspeliensis (L.) Desf. Poaceae Exotic
roughstalk bluegrass Poa trivialis L. Poaceae Exotic
glenwoodgrass Sacciolepis indica (L.) Chase Poaceae Exotic
Arabian schismus Schismus arabicus Nees Poaceae Exotic
common mediterraneangrass Schismus barbatus (Loefl. ex L.) Thellung Poaceae Exotic
giant foxtail Setaria faberi Herrm. Poaceae Exotic
Urochloa maxima (Jacq.) R. Webster Poaceae Exotic
ripgut brome Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (Roth) Sales Poaceae Exotic
Rytidosperma semiannulare (Labill.) Connor & Edgar Poaceae Exotic
Rytidosperma pilosum (R. Br.) Connor & Edgar Poaceae Exotic
Lolium perenne ssp. multiflorum (Lam.) Husnot Poaceae Exotic
bluehead gilia Gilia capitata Sims Polemoniaceae Native
Polygonum convolvulus L. Polygonaceae Exotic
Polygonum capitatum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Polygonaceae Exotic
Polygonum glabrum Willd. Polygonaceae Native
pale smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium L. Polygonaceae Exotic
Polygonum cespitosum Blume Polygonaceae Exotic
Polygonum persicaria L. Polygonaceae Exotic
Polygonum punctatum Ell. Polygonaceae Native
Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. Polygonaceae Exotic
Polygonum sachalinense F. Schmidt ex Maxim. Polygonaceae Exotic
silversheath knotweed Polygonum argyrocoleon Steud. Ex Kunze Polygonaceae Exotic
narrowleaf dock Rumex stenophyllus Ledeb. Polygonaceae Exotic
red sorrel Rumex acetosella L. Polygonaceae Exotic
curly dock Rumex crispus L. Polygonaceae Exotic
mile-a-minute vine Persicaria perfoliata (L.) H. Gross Polygonaceae Exotic
coral vine Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn. Polygonaceae Exotic
Polygonum perfoliatum L. Polygonaceae Exotic
golden polypody Phlebodium aureum (L.) J. Sm. Polypodiaceae Native
monarch fern Phymatosorus scolopendria (Burm. f.) Copeland Polypodiaceae Exotic
common purslane Portulaca oleracea L. Portulacaceae Exotic?
scarlet pimpernel Anagallis arvensis L. Primulaceae Exotic
creeping yellow loosestrife, creeping Jenney Lysimachia nummularia L. Primulaceae Exotic
silkoak Grevillea robusta A. Cunningham ex R. Br. Proteaceae Exotic
Dixie silverback fern Pityrogramma calomelanos (L.) Link Pteridaceae Exotic
rough maidenhair fern Adiantum hispidulum Sw. Pteridaceae Exotic
delta maidenhair Adiantum raddianum K. Presl Pteridaceae Exotic
lesser celandine, fig buttercup Ficaria verna Huds. Ranunculaceae Exotic
tall buttercup Ranunculus acris L. Ranunculaceae Exotic
bulbous buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus L. Ranunculaceae Exotic
sweet autumn virginsbower Clematis terniflora DC Ranunculaceae Exotic
bur buttercup Ceratocephala testiculata (Crantz) Bess. Ranunculaceae Exotic
silverleaf cotoneaster Cotoneaster pannosus Franch. Rosaceae Exotic
Japanese spiraea Spiraea japonica L. f. Rosaceae Exotic
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora Thunb. Rosaceae Exotic
wine raspberry Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. Rosaceae Exotic
sulfur cinquefoil Potentilla recta L. Rosaceae Exotic
sweet cherry Prunus avium (L.) L. Rosaceae Exotic
Callery pear (Bradford pear) Pyrus calleryana Dcne. Rosaceae Exotic
Indian mock-strawberry Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke Rosaceae Exotic
Himalaya blackberry Rubus armeniacus Focke Rosaceae Exotic
West Indian raspberry Rubus rosifolius Sm. Rosaceae Exotic
highbush blackberry Rubus argutus Link Rosaceae Native
beach strawberry Fragaria chiloensis (L.) P. Mill. Rosaceae Native
orange cotoneaster Cotoneaster franchetii Boiss. Rosaceae Exotic
Arabian coffee Coffea arabica L. Rubiaceae Exotic
field madder Sherardia arvensis L. Rubiaceae Exotic
Amur corktree Phellodendron amurense Rupr. Rutaceae Exotic
trifoliate orange Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. Rutaceae Exotic
balloonvine Cardiospermum halicacabum L. Sapindaceae Native
foxglove Digitalis purpurea L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
Dalmatian toadflax Linaria dalmatica (L.) P. Mill. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
yellow toadflax Linaria vulgaris P. Mill. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
dalmatian toadflax Linaria dalmatica ssp. dalmatica (L.) P. Mill. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
common mullein Verbascum thapsus L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
princesstree Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
thymeleaf speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
ivyleaf speedwell Veronica hederifolia L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
water speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
twolobe speedwell Veronica biloba L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
moth mullein Verbascum blattaria L. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
yellow glandweed Parentucellia viscosa (L.) Caruel Scrophulariaceae Exotic
field Indian paintbrush Castilleja arvensis Cham. & Schlecht Scrophulariaceae Exotic
Grecian foxglove Digitalis lanata Ehrh. Scrophulariaceae Exotic
tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima (P. Mill.) Swingle Simaroubaceae Exotic
black henbane Hyoscyamus niger L. Solanaceae Exotic
tree tobacco Nicotiana glauca Graham Solanaceae Exotic
apple-of-Peru Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. Solanaceae Exotic
jimsonweed Datura stramonium L. Solanaceae Native
currant tomato Solanum pimpinellifolium Jusl. Solanaceae Exotic
Virginia groundcherry Physalis virginiana var. virginiana Mill. Solanaceae Native
Peruvian groundcherry Physalis peruviana L. Solanaceae Exotic
bittersweet nightshade Solanum dulcamara L. Solanaceae Exotic
black nightshade Solanum nigrum L. Solanaceae Exotic
American black nightshade Solanum americanum P. Mill. Solanaceae Native
hairy nightshade Solanum physalifolium Rusby Solanaceae Exotic
cutleaf nightshade Solanum triflorum Nutt. Solanaceae Native
potato Solanum tuberosum L. Solanaceae Exotic
sweet pepper Capsicum annuum L. Solanaceae Native
Chinese parasoltree Firmiana simplex (L.) W. Wight Sterculiaceae Exotic
fivestamen tamarisk Tamarix chinensis Lour. Tamaricaceae Exotic
Athel tamarisk Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst. Tamaricaceae Exotic
French tamarisk Tamarix gallica L. Tamaricaceae Exotic
smallflower tamarisk Tamarix parviflora DC. Tamaricaceae Exotic
saltcedar Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb. Tamaricaceae Exotic
Chinese fir Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Taxodiaceae Exotic
Japanese cedar Cryptomeria japonica (L. f.) D. Don Taxodiaceae Exotic
white moho Heliocarpus popayanensis Kunth Tiliaceae Exotic
Sacramento burrbark Triumfetta semitriloba Jacq. Tiliaceae Native
European water chestnut Trapa natans L. Trapaceae Exotic
Siberian elm Ulmus pumila L. Ulmaceae Exotic
Chinese elm Ulmus parvifolia Jacq. Ulmaceae Exotic
oriental trema Trema orientalis (L.) Blume Ulmaceae Exotic
English elm Ulmus procera Salisb. Ulmaceae Exotic
artilleryweed Pilea microphylla (L.) Liebm. Urticaceae Native
red valerian Centranthus ruber (L.) DC. Valerianaceae Exotic
nettleleaf velvetberry Stachytarpheta urticifolia Sims Verbenaceae Exotic
Jamaica vervain Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl Verbenaceae Native
cayenne porterweed Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Vahl Verbenaceae Exotic
seashore vervain Verbena montevidensis Spreng. Verbenaceae Exotic
largeleaf lantana Lantana camara L. Verbenaceae Exotic
seashore vervain Verbena litoralis Kunth Verbenaceae Exotic
white garland-lily Hedychium coronarium Koenig Zingiberaceae Exotic
cream garland-lily Hedychium flavescens Carey ex Roscoe Zingiberaceae Exotic
Kahila garland-lily Hedychium gardnerianum Shepard ex Ker-Gawl. Zingiberaceae Exotic
red ginger Alpinia purpurata (Vieill.) K. Schum. Zingiberaceae Exotic
puncturevine Tribulus terrestris L. Zygophyllaceae Exotic
old world climbing fern Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R. Br. Lygodiaceae Exotic
European buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica L. Rhamnaceae Exotic
glossy buckthorn Frangula alnus Mill. Rhamnaceae Exotic
Asian nakedwood Colubrina asiatica (L.) Brongn. Rhamnaceae Exotic
porcelain-berry Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trautv. Vitaceae Exotic
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Elaeagnaceae Exotic
Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Elaeagnaceae Exotic
thorny olive Elaeagnus pungens Thunb. Elaeagnaceae Exotic
redstem filaree Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hér. ex Ait. Geraniaceae Exotic
longstalk cranesbill Geranium columbinum L. Geraniaceae Exotic
Australasian geranium Geranium homeanum Turcz. Geraniaceae Exotic
white poplar Populus alba L. Salicaceae Exotic
common teasel Dipsacus fullonum L. Dipsacaceae Exotic
cutleaf teasel Dipsacus laciniatus L. Dipsacaceae Exotic
Chinese yam Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Dioscoreaceae Exotic
Dioscorea oppositifolia L. Dioscoreaceae Exotic
curly-leaved pondweed Potamogeton crispus L. Potamogetonaceae Exotic
pink woodsorrel Oxalis debilis var. corymbosa (DC.) Lourteig Oxalidaceae Exotic
butterflybush Buddleja davidii Franch. Buddlejaceae Exotic
common duckweed Lemna minor L. Lemnaceae Native
papaya Carica papaya L. Caricaceae Exotic
canereed Costus speciosus (Koenig) Sm. Costaceae Exotic
Cooper's cyathea Cyathea cooperi (Hook. ex F. Muell.) Domin Cyatheaceae Exotic
swordfern Macrothelypteris torresiana (Gaud.) Ching Thelypteridaceae Exotic
Thelypteris dentata (Forsk.) E. St. John Thelypteridaceae Native
white mignonette Reseda alba L. Resedaceae Exotic
wild garlic Allium vineale L. Amaryllidaceae Exotic