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seeds. Very showy and collected traditionally for winter decorations, which contributes to plant spread.
Ecology: Spreads by animal-dispersed seeds and humans collecting decorative seed-bearing vines. Colonizes by stolons and rootsuckers. Found as scattered plants to extensive infestations in forest openings as well as open and canopied forests, forest edges and roadsides, and upland meadows. Shade tolerant and tolerant of a wide range of sites.
Resembles American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens) which has only terminal flowers and fruit, and leaves usually twice as long as wide, and are lacking among the flowers and fruit. Claims of hybridization between the two species.
Bayer International Code - CEOR
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The Bugwood Network, USDA Forest Service & USDA APHIS PPQ.
The University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forest Resources and
College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Dept. of Entomology
Last updated on Sunday, August 10, 2003 at 11:16 PM
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