leatherleaf mahonia

Ranunculales > Berberidaceae > Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Carr.
Synonym(s): Beale's barberry

Leatherleaf mahonia is an evergreen shrub that can grow from 5-10 ft. (1.5-3 m) tall. Leaves are pinnately compound, 18 in. (46 cm) long, with 9-13 holly-like leaflets. Leaflets are 2-4 in. (5-10 cm) long and 1-2 in. (2.5-5.1 cm) wide. Flowering occurs in late winter and early spring, when fragrant, lemon-yellow flowers develop. The fruits are green berries, about a half inch long, that turn bluish black with a grayish bloom. Fruits hang in grapelike clusters. Leatherleaf mahonia is native to China. It has been planted as an ornamental and is now invading woodlands in the southern United States.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources


Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Seedling(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Seedling(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Foliage; Showing glaucus underside of the leaves
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Seedling(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); in flower
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); In the woods
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); In the woods
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s);
Nancy Fraley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s);
Nancy Fraley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • Alabama - IPC List
  • Georgia - EPPC list
  • Michigan - Noxious Weed Law
  • South Carolina - EPPC List
  • Tennessee - EPPC List


External Links


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USDA Forest Service Bugwood University of Georgia