coltsfoot

Asterales > Asteraceae > Tussilago farfara L.
Synonym(s): colts foot

Coltsfoot is a perennial, herbaceous plant that invades disturbed areas throughout much of the eastern United States. The basal leaves are heart-shaped, slightly toothed and up to 6 in. (15.2 cm) wide. The dandelion-like flowers are bright yellow in color and emerge before the leaves in early spring. Coltsfoot invades moist, open, disturbed areas such as stream banks, ditches and fields. It readily spreads both by seed and rhizomes, allowing it to form large colonies, which can displace native species. Coltsfoot is native to Europe and was probably introduced into the United States by early settlers for medicinal purposes.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

  • Weeds of the Week - USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area, Forest Health Protection

Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Foliage;
Jan Samanek, State Phytosanitary Administration, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); Growing alongside a road. Pike County, KY.
Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, Bugwood.org
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Feature(s); Spreading Rhizomes
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); in flower
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s);
Jan Samanek, State Phytosanitary Administration, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s);
Jan Samanek, State Phytosanitary Administration, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s);
Jan Samanek, State Phytosanitary Administration, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s);
Jan Samanek, State Phytosanitary Administration, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Feature(s); Close-up of Seed Head (fruit)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Diagram or Graphic; Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 3: 531.
USDA PLANTS Database, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • Alabama - Noxious Weed Law
  • Connecticut - Noxious Weed Law
  • Massachusetts - Noxious Weed Law
  • Oregon - Noxious Weed Law
  • Tennessee - EPPC List
  • Mid-Atlantic - EPPC List
  • Invasive Plants of the Upper Midwest
  • Invasive Plant Atlas of New England


External Links


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