bittersweet nightshade

Solanales > Solanaceae > Solanum dulcamara L.
Synonym(s): climbing nightshade, blue nightshade, European bittersweet, fellenwort, woody nightshade

Bittersweet nightshade is a perennial plant native to Eurasia. Plants can reach up to 6.6 ft. (2 m) tall, either erect or clambering. Leaves are petiolate, alternate, 3 lobed (upper part of the stem), acuminate and up to 3.1 in. (8 cm) long. Flowering occurs in May to November, when purple flowers develop. Petals are recurved and up to 0.4 in. (9 mm) long. Stamens (5) are bright yellow and fused together around the stigma. Mature fruits are red, shiny, 0.4 in. (1 cm) long berries. Plants invade thickets, fence rows, pond margins, low woods and roadsides. All parts of the plants are toxic.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

  • Weeds of the Week - USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area, Forest Health Protection

Selected Images from Invasive.org

Click on each thumbnail to download the image at 1536x1024 resolution or below for available resolutions.
Use 768x512 for Microsoft PowerPoint and use 1536x1024 for Prints and Publications.

Flower(s);
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
768x512 / 1536x1024

Flower(s);
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
768x512 / 1536x1024

Flower(s);
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
768x512 / 1536x1024

Foliage;
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
768x512 / 1536x1024

Foliage;
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
768x512 / 1536x1024

Plant(s);
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
768x512 / 1536x1024

Flower(s);
David Cappaert, Michigan State University, Bugwood.org
768x512 / 1536x1024

Feature(s); foliage and flowers
Steve Dewey, Utah State University, Bugwood.org
768x512 / 1536x1024

Plant(s);
Steve Dewey, Utah State University, Bugwood.org
768x512 / 1536x1024

Fruit(s);
Richard Old, XID Services, Inc., Bugwood.org
768x512 / 1536x1024

Plant(s);
Steve Dewey, Utah State University, Bugwood.org
768x512 / 1536x1024

Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • Michigan - Noxious Weed Law
  • Mid-Atlantic - EPPC List
  • Invasive Plant Atlas of New England


External Links


footer line
USDA Forest Service Bugwood University of Georgia