octopus tree

Apiales > Araliaceae > Schefflera actinophylla (Endl.) H.A.T. Harms
Synonym(s): brassaia, ivy palm, schefflera, umbrella tree

Octopus tree can grow to 40 ft. (12.2 m) tall. Stems can be single or multi-stemmed. Leaves are palm-like with 7-16 leaflets. Leaflets are ovate, entire and 12 in. (30 cm) long. Flowering occurs in summer to early fall, when large, red inflorescences develop at the stem tips. Flowers are red and 1 in. (92.5 cm) wide. Fruits are round, dark purple, and 1/4 in. (7 mm) in diameter. Octopus tree is native to Australia and was introduced into Florida in 1927 as an ornamental. Plants can tolerate a wide range of sun and moisture levels, but are restricted to areas with minimum temperatures above 35°F (1.7°C).


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources


Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Foliage; leaves
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s);
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); inflorescence
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Tree(s); habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Tree(s); habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Tree(s); habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Infestation; invasion
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); habit over valley
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • Florida - EPPC list
  • Invasive Plants: Guide to Identification and the Impacts and Control of Common North American Species


External Links


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USDA Forest Service Bugwood University of Georgia