crimson fountaingrass

Cyperales > Poaceae > Pennisetum setaceum (Forsk.) Chiov.
Synonym(s): fountain grass, fountaingrass

Crimson fountaingrass is a perennial, bunch grass that grows from 3-4 ft. (0.9-1.2 m) tall. Leaves are narrow, flat, arching, up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) long and purplish in color. Flowering occurs in summer through fall, when off-white/pinkish plumes develop about 1 ft. (0.3 m) above the leaves. Fruits are dry achenes with long bristles (some cultivars do not produce seed). Crimson fountaingrass is native to Africa and was introduced into Hawaii in 1914 and the southwestern United States in the 1940s. Plants were introduced as ornamentals and have now become invasive in the South.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources


Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Diagram or Graphic; Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States. USDA Misc. Publ. No. 200. Washington, DC.
USDA PLANTS Database, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s);
Richard Old, XID Services, Inc., Bugwood.org
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Stem(s);
Richard Old, XID Services, Inc., Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); plant
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); plant
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); seed head
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Field; habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); in flower
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
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Planting; Pennisetum planted in Bahamian landscape
Tony Pernas, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • California - Invasive Plant Inventory
  • Florida - EPPC list
  • Nevada - Noxious Weed Law
  • Invasive Plants: Western North America


External Links


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USDA Forest Service Bugwood University of Georgia