glossy privet

Scrophulariales > Oleaceae > Ligustrum lucidum W.T. Aiton
Synonym(s): tree privet

Glossy privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows up to 40 ft. (12.2 m) in height. The trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. Leaves are opposite, ovate to lanceolate, 3-6 in. (5-15.2 cm) long and 2-4 in. (5-10.2 cm) wide. Flowering occurs in late summer, when very abundant, white flowers develop at the end of branches in 5-8 in. (12.7-20 cm) long clusters. Fruits are <0.5 in. (1.3 cm) long, oval, fleshy and ripen to a dark blue to black color. Fruits persist into winter. Several privet species occur and they are often very hard to distinguish. Glossy privet resembles Japanese privet (L. japonicum Thunb.), but the leaves of Japanese privet are shorter (2 in. [5.1 cm] long) and thicker. Glossy privet commonly forms dense thickets in fields or in the understory of forests. It shades and out-competes many native species, and once established, is very difficult to remove. Glossy privet is commonly used as an ornamental shrub and for hedgerows.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources


Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Flower(s); June
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Foliage; June
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Foliage; on left compared to Chinese privet on right
Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s); December
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Twig(s)/Shoot(s); October
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Bark; June
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); June
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • Alabama - IPC List
  • Florida - EPPC list
  • Georgia - EPPC list
  • Texas - Invasive Plant List


External Links


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USDA Forest Service Bugwood University of Georgia