oxeye daisy

Asterales > Asteraceae > Leucanthemum vulgare Lam.
Synonym(s): ox-eye daisy

Oxeye daisy is a perennial that can reach from 1-3 ft. (0.3-1 m) in height. A single plant can produce from 1-40 flowering stems. Leaves are 1-4 in. (2.5-10 cm) long, toothed (or lobed) and decrease in size closer to the apex of the stem. Basal leaves are spoon-shaped and petiolate. Flowering occurs all summer, when daisy-like flower heads develop. Each flower head can produce up to 200 flat seeds that are 0.08 in. (2 mm) long. Oxeye daisy is native to Europe and was introduced into the United States as an ornamental in the 1800s. The plants have been shown to carry several crop diseases. Oxeye daisy can thrive in a wide variety of soil types and can grow in sun to partial shade.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources


Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Plant(s);
Montana Statewide Noxious Weed Awareness and Education Program Archive, Montana State University, Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
Michael Shephard, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
Steve Dewey, Utah State University, Bugwood.org
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Feature(s); Roots
Steve Dewey, Utah State University, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s);
Steve Dewey, Utah State University, Bugwood.org
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Feature(s); involucral bracts
Tom Heutte, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
Michael Shephard, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); in flower
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); in flower
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); Daisylike flower, Leucanthemum vulgare
Keith Weller, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Steve Dewey, Utah State University, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Steve Dewey, Utah State University, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Diagram or Graphic; Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 3: 518.
USDA PLANTS Database, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • California - Invasive Plant Inventory
  • Colorado - Noxious Weed Law
  • Georgia - EPPC list
  • Montana - Noxious Weed Law
  • Ohio - Noxious Weed Law
  • Tennessee - EPPC List
  • Washington - Noxious Weed Law
  • Wyonming - Noxious Weed Law
  • Mid-Atlantic - EPPC List
  • Invasive Plants: Western North America
  • Invasive Plants: Guide to Identification and the Impacts and Control of Common North American Species


External Links


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