Japanese clover

Fabales > Fabaceae > Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl.
Synonym(s): common lespedeza

Japanese clover is an annual plant that can reach 16 in. (40 cm) in height. Leaves are alternate, trifoliate, petiolate and up to 3/4 in. (4 cm) long. Leaves are subtended with 0.1-0.6 in. (3-6 mm) long, lance-shaped stipules. Flowers are pink, purple and white, 0.2-0.3 in. (5-8 mm) long and papilionaceous. Fruits are 0.2 in. (4 mm) long legumes and each contain a single seed. Japanese clover occurs in fields, open woods, roadsides and other disturbed sites. It is native to Asia and was introduced into the United States around 1850.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

  • Weeds of the Week - USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area, Forest Health Protection

Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Foliage;
John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); September. Photo from Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses by J.H. Miller and K.V. Miller, published by The University of Georgia Press in cooperation with the Southern Weed Science Society.
Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society, Bugwood.org
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Infestation; in August
Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s);
John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University, Bugwood.org
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Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Diagram or Graphic; Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 408.
USDA PLANTS Database, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Diagram or Graphic; USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.
USDA PLANTS Database, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • Georgia - EPPC list
  • Kentucky - EPPC List
  • Tennessee - EPPC List


External Links


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