common barberry

Ranunculales > Berberidaceae > Berberis vulgaris L
Synonym(s): beet, epine-vinette, epine-vinette commune, European barberry, vinetteier

Common barberry is a deciduous shrub that can reach 13 ft. (4 m) in height. The leaves are oval, 3/4-2 in. (2-5 cm) long, 1/4-3/4 in. (1-2 cm) wide, serrate and occur in clusters of 2-5. Each cluster of leaves is subtended by a short, three-branched spine. Flowering occurs in May to June, when small, yellow, less than 1/4 in. (6 mm) wide flowers develop in panicles. Berries are red, oblong and less than 1/3 in. (10 mm) in length. Common barberry is native to central and southern Europe and occurs in shaded areas.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

  • Weeds of the Week - USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area, Forest Health Protection

Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Foliage;
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Feature(s); Close-up of spines
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Feature(s); Branch Morphology - B. vulgaris, top; Hybrid, middle; B. thunbergii, bottom
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • Connecticut - Noxious Weed Law
  • Massachusetts - Noxious Weed Law
  • New Hampshire - Noxious Weed Law
  • Rhode Island - Noxious Weed Law
  • Mid-Atlantic - EPPC List
  • Invasive Plants of the Upper Midwest
  • Invasive Plant Atlas of New England


External Links


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USDA Forest Service Bugwood University of Georgia