turkey berry

Solanales > Solanaceae > Solanum torvum Swartz
Synonym(s): devil's fig, turkeyberry

Turkey berry is a broadleaved, evergreen, shrub or small tree that invades a variety of ecosystems in Florida. Plants can grow to 16 ft. (4.9 m) in height. The stems are armed with stout, straight or lightly curved prickles. The alternate leaves are elliptical, 10 in. (25 cm) long, have prickles along the midvein and star-shaped hairs underneath. Leaves range from unlobed to strongly lobed. The small, white flowers occur in large, branched clusters. Plants flower continuously after reaching a height of 3.3-4.9 ft. (1-1.5 m). Fruit are small, yellow berries. Although turkey berry has only been found several times in Florida, it has the potential to invade a variety of sites, both wet and dry. Once established, it can sprout from the roots, creating large thickets that could displace native vegetation. Turkey berry is found throughout the world's tropical regions and was introduced into Florida sometime before 1900 for cultivation trials.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources


Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Plant(s); habit in abandoned pasture
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); juvenile plant
Nancy Coile, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s); branch
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); flower
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); flowers and unripe fruits
Nancy Coile, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org
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Feature(s); leaves and immature fruits
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • Federal Noxious Weed List
  • California - Noxious Weed Law
  • Florida - EPPC list
  • Massachusetts - Noxious Weed Law
  • North Carolina - Noxious Weed Law
  • Oregon - Noxious Weed Law
  • South Carolina - Noxious Weed Law
  • Vermont - Noxious Weed Law


External Links


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USDA Forest Service Bugwood University of Georgia