multiflora rose

Rosales > Rosaceae > Rosa multiflora Thunb. ex Murr.

Multiflora rose is a multi-stemmed, thorny, perennial shrub that grows up to 15 ft. (4.6 m) tall. The stems are arching canes which are round in cross section and have stiff, curved thorns. Small, white to pinkish, 5-petaled flowers occur abundantly in clusters on the plant in the spring. Fruit are small, red, rose hips that remain on the plant throughout the winter. Leaves are pinnately compound with 7-9 leaflets. Leaflets are oblong, 1-1.5 in. (2.5-3.8 cm) long and have serrated edges. The fringed petioles of multiflora rose usually distinguish it from most other rose species. Multifora rose forms impenetrable thickets in pastures, fields and forest edges. It restricts human, livestock, and wildlife movement and displaces native vegetation. Multiflora rose is native to Asia and was first introduced to North America in 1866 as rootstock for ornamental roses. During the mid 1900s it was widely planted as a "living fence" for livestock control.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

  • Weeds of the Week - USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area, Forest Health Protection

Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Foliage;
Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, Bugwood.org
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Foliage; August
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Feature(s); Stem showing thorns and feathery leaf bract
Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, Bugwood.org
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Feature(s); Close-up of fringed stipules
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Twig(s)/Shoot(s); October
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); in April
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); in April
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); Pink-flowered form
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); June. Photo from Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses by J.H. Miller and K.V. Miller, published by The University of Georgia Press in cooperation with the Southern Weed Science Society.
Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s); October
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s);
Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); flowering plant in May.
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Randy Westbrooks, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Nancy Fraley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Nancy Fraley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Nancy Fraley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Control;
Nancy Fraley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Control;
Nancy Fraley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Control;
Nancy Fraley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Control;
Nancy Fraley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Control;
Nancy Fraley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Seedling(s);
Ohio State Weed Lab Archive, Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • Alabama - Noxious Weed Law
  • Alabama - IPC List
  • Connecticut - Noxious Weed Law
  • Georgia - EPPC list
  • Iowa - Noxious Weed Law
  • Indiana - Noxious Weed Law
  • Kentucky - EPPC List
  • Kentucky - Noxious Weed Law
  • Massachusetts - Noxious Weed Law
  • Missouri - Noxious Weed Law
  • New Hampshire - Noxious Weed Law
  • Pennsylvania - Noxious Weed Law
  • Rhode Island - Noxious Weed Law
  • South Carolina - EPPC List
  • South Dakota - Noxious Weed Law
  • Tennessee - EPPC List
  • Tennessee - Noxious Weed Law
  • Texas - Invasive Plant List
  • Virginia - Invasive Alien Plant Species
  • Wisconsin - Noxious Weed Law
  • West Virginia - Noxious Weed Law
  • Mid-Atlantic - EPPC List
  • Invasive Plants: Guide to Identification and the Impacts and Control of Common North American Species
  • Invasive Plants of the Upper Midwest
  • Invasive Plant Atlas of New England
  • Invasive Plant Atlas of the Mid-South


External Links


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