ground ivy

Lamiales > Lamiaceae > Glechoma hederacea L.
Synonym(s): creeping charlie, gill-over-the-ground, groundivy, haymaids

Ground ivy is a perennial, evergreen and aromatic plant in the mint family (Lamiaceae). Plants can reach a height of 1 ft. (0.3 m). Leaves are opposite, heart shaped, 0.8-1.2 in. (2-3 cm) wide, petiolate and scalloped. Flowering occurs March to July when tubular, lavender flowers appear in the axils of the leaves. Flowers are 0.4 in. (0.9 cm) long and come in clusters of two or more. Ground ivy is native to Eurasia and was introduced into North America, as an ornamental or medicinal plant, as early as the 1800s. Ground ivy is common in moist areas, disturbed sites, low woods, lawns and along roadsides.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

  • Weeds of the Week - USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area, Forest Health Protection

Selected Images from

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Feature(s); Vegetative spread
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut,

John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University,
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Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service,
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Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut,

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut,

Infestation; Sioux County, IA
Chris Evans, River to River CWMA,
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Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database,
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Diagram or Graphic; Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 3: 114.
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check for most current lists.
  • Connecticut - Noxious Weed Law
  • Kentucky - EPPC List
  • Rhode Island - Noxious Weed Law
  • Tennessee - EPPC List
  • Virginia - Invasive Alien Plant Species
  • Mid-Atlantic - EPPC List
  • Invasive Plants: Guide to Identification and the Impacts and Control of Common North American Species
  • Invasive Plants of the Upper Midwest
  • Invasive Plant Atlas of New England

External Links

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USDA Forest Service Bugwood University of Georgia