camphortree

Laurales > Lauraceae > Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl
Synonym(s): camphor laurel, camphor tree

Camphor tree is a broad-leaved, evergreen tree that grows 50-100 ft. (15-30 m) tall. The alternate leaves are shiny, dark green above and lighter green below, have wavy margins, three distinct, yellow veins and are 1.5-4 in. (3.7-10.1 cm) long. A distinctive odor of camphor is emitted when the leaves are crushed. Small white to cream colored flowers develop in the spring. Fruit is a black, pea-sized berry. Camphor tree grows in full sun or partial shade, and it is drought tolerant but not particularly cold tolerant. It invades hardwood forests, upland pine and scrub woods, fence rows and urban green spaces. It is native to eastern Asia and was brought to the United States as an ornamental in 1875.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources


Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Foliage; leaves
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Tree(s);
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Foliage; leaves
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Tree(s);
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Stem(s);
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Stem(s);
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Stem(s);
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Bark;
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Tree(s);
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Tree(s);
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • Alabama - IPC List
  • Florida - EPPC list
  • Georgia - EPPC list
  • Texas - Invasive Plant List
  • Invasive Plants: Guide to Identification and the Impacts and Control of Common North American Species


External Links


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USDA Forest Service Bugwood University of Georgia