beach vitex

Lamiales > Verbenaceae > Vitex rotundifolia L. f.

Beach vitex is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. Plants are up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall. Brittle stems tend to break off in high tide and float off and colonize new areas. Leaves are oval, silvery-gray and 1-2 in. (2.5-5 cm) long. Flowering occurs throughout the year, when small clusters of violet flowers develop at the ends of the branches. Fruit are round, 0.25 in. (0.6 cm) in diameter and dark purplish-black when mature. Beach vitex is native to the Pacific Rim and was introduced into the continental United States in the 1980s as a beach stabilization plant. Plants prefer sandy soils in full sun.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

  • Fact Sheet - South Carolina Beach Vitex Task Force

Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Plant(s); habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); in pots
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); flowering habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); flowers and leaves
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); flowers and fruit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Infestation; habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Infestation; habit
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Randy Westbrooks, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;  Beach Vitex spreading from secondary dunes
Randy Westbrooks, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Randy Westbrooks, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Infestation; Plants stripped of runner and fruit by major winter storm. December, 2004.
Randy Westbrooks, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Infestation; Seascapes Isle of Palms
Randy Westbrooks, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); in pots
Forest & Kim Starr, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org
768x512 / 1536x1024

Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • South Carolina - EPPC List
  • Invasive Plants: Guide to Identification and the Impacts and Control of Common North American Species
  • Invasive Plant Atlas of the Mid-South


External Links


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USDA Forest Service Bugwood University of Georgia