greater celandine

Papaverales > Papaveraceae > Chelidonium majus L.

Greater celandine is a perennial that is native to Europe and the Mediterranean region. It can reach from 1-4 ft. (0.3-1.2 m) in height. The leaves are up to 14 in. (35 cm) long and are deeply dissected. Flowering occurs from May to June. Flowers have four yellow petals, each 0.4 in. (1 cm) long, and two sepals. The fruit are linear capsules that are 0.8-2 in. (2-5 cm) long. Greater celandine is poisonous to humans and occurs in moist to dry woods, thickets, roadsides and waste grounds.


Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources


Selected Images from Invasive.org

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Plant(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Feature(s); Broken stem with orange sap
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Stacey Leicht, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s);
Stacey Leicht, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Stacey Leicht, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Diagram or Graphic; Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 141.
USDA PLANTS Database, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Invasive Reference(s):

Check Invasive.org for most current lists.
  • Mid-Atlantic - EPPC List
  • Invasive Plants: Guide to Identification and the Impacts and Control of Common North American Species
  • Invasive Plants of the Upper Midwest
  • Invasive Plant Atlas of New England


External Links


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USDA Forest Service Bugwood University of Georgia