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Invasive.org - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Invasive and Exotic Shrubs

The following species have been listed on an invasive species list or noxious weed law in North America. For more information on each species, including the listing sources, images, and publication links, click on the species.

365 Records


Subject Name Scientific Name Family Order
tropical soda apple Solanum viarum Dunal Solanaceae Solanales
melaleuca Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) Blake Myrtaceae Myrtales
Japanese maple Acer palmatum Thunb. Aceraceae Sapindales
mimosa Albizia julibrissin Durazz. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
coral ardisia Ardisia crenata Sims Myrsinaceae Primulales
Japanese barberry Berberis thunbergii DC. Berberidaceae Ranunculales
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Elaeagnaceae Rhamnales
Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Elaeagnaceae Rhamnales
winged burning bush Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Sieb. Celastraceae Celastrales
winter creeper Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Maz. Celastraceae Celastrales
largeleaf lantana Lantana camara L. Verbenaceae Lamiales
shrubby lespedeza Lespedeza bicolor Turcz. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
sericea lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum Thunb. Oleaceae Scrophulariales
Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense Lour. Oleaceae Scrophulariales
European privet Ligustrum vulgare L. Oleaceae Scrophulariales
sweet breath of spring Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
Amur honeysuckle Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
Morrow's honeysuckle Lonicera morrowii Gray Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
bush honeysuckles (exotic) Lonicera spp. L. Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
Tatarian honeysuckle Lonicera tatarica L. Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
Uruguay waterprimrose Ludwigia uruguayensis Camb.) Hara Onagraceae Myrtales
chinaberry Melia azedarach L. Meliaceae Sapindales
sacred bamboo Nandina domestica Thunb. Berberidaceae Ranunculales
Japanese pachysandra Pachysandra terminalis Sieb. & Zucc. Buxaceae Euphorbiales
skunk-vine Paederia foetida L. Rubiaceae Rubiales
golden bamboo Phyllostachys aurea Carr. ex A.& C. Rivière Poaceae Cyperales
arrow bamboo Pseudosasa japonica (Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.) Makino ex Nakai Poaceae Cyperales
European buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica L. Rhamnaceae Rhamnales
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora Thunb. Rosaceae Rosales
wine raspberry Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. Rosaceae Rosales
Japanese spiraea Spiraea japonica L. f. Rosaceae Rosales
tamarisk Tamarix spp. L. Tamaricaceae Violales
osage-orange Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid. Moraceae Urticales
kiawe Prosopis pallida (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Kunth Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Egyptian Thorn Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Siberian elm Ulmus pumila L. Ulmaceae Urticales
Brazilian peppertree Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Anacardiaceae Sapindales
sisal Agave sisalana Perrine Agavaceae Liliales
Amur maple Acer ginnala Maxim. Aceraceae Sapindales
poison-sumac Toxicodendron vernix (L.) Kuntze Anacardiaceae Sapindales
wetland nightshade Solanum tampicense Dunal Solanaceae Solanales
turkeyberry Solanum torvum Sw. Solanaceae Solanales
silverleaf nightshade Solanum elaeagnifolium Cavanaugh Solanaceae Solanales
gorse Ulex europaeus L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Scotch broom Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
thorny olive Elaeagnus pungens Thunb. Elaeagnaceae Rhamnales
goatsrue Galega officinalis L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
croftonweed Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) King & H.E. Robins. Asteraceae Asterales
African boxthorn Lycium ferocessimum Miers Solanaceae Solanales
catclaw mimosa Mimosa pellita Kunth ex Willd. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
coat buttons Tridax procumbens L. Asteraceae Asterales
mile-a-minute Mikania micrantha Kunth Asteraceae Asterales
Syrian mesquite Prosopis farcta (Banks & Soland.) J.F. Macbr. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Banks melastoma Melastoma malabathricum L. Melastomataceae Myrtales
European blackberry Rubus fruticosus L. Rosaceae Rosales
Molucca raspberry Rubus moluccanus L. Rosaceae Rosales
Macartney rose Rosa bracteata J.C. Wendl. Rosaceae Rosales
velvet mesquite Prosopis velutina Woot. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
giant sensitiveplant Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright ex Sauvalle Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
mastuerzo Prosopis reptans reptans Bentham Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Argentine screwbean Prosopis strombulifera (Lamarck) Bentham Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
earleaf acacia Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunningham ex Benth. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
black wattle Acacia mearnsii de Wildeman. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
biddy-biddy Acaena novae-zelandica Kirk Rosaceae Rosales
kangaroothorn Acacia paradoxa DC. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
creeping croftonweed Ageratina riparia (Regel) King & H.E. Robins. Asteraceae Asterales
camelthorn Alhagi maurorum Medik Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
indigobush Amorpha fruticosa L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
giant ragweed Ambrosia trifida L. Asteraceae Asterales
oriental vessel fern Angiopteris evecta (J.R. Forst.) Hoffmann Marattiaceae Marattiales
coral vine Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn. Polygonaceae Polygonales
absinth wormwood Artemisia absinthium L. Asteraceae Asterales
shoebutton ardisia Ardisia elliptica Thunb Myrsinaceae Primulales
mugwort Artemisia vulgaris L. Asteraceae Asterales
Sprenger's asparagus fern Asparagus aethiopicus L. Liliaceae Liliales
Australian saltbush Atriplex semibaccata R. Br. Chenopodiaceae Caryophyllales
mountain ebony Bauhinia variegata L Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
common barberry Berberis vulgaris L Berberidaceae Ranunculales
plume poppy Bocconia frutescens L. Papaveraceae Papaverales
Antilles calophyllum Calophyllum antillanum Britt Clusiaceae Theales
shoofly Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
hottentot fig Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N.E. Br Aizoaceae Caryophyllales
balloonvine Cardiospermum halicacabum L. Sapindaceae Sapindales
hedge bindweed Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br Convolvulaceae Solanales
hedge false bindweed Calystegia sepium ssp. sepium (L.) R. Br. Convolvulaceae Solanales
day jessamine Cestrum diurnum L. Solanaceae Solanales
mexicantea Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants Chenopodiaceae Caryophyllales
satinleaf Chrysophyllum oliviforme L. Sapotaceae Ebenales
juniper berry Citharexylum caudatum L. Verbenaceae Lamiales
rose glorybower Clerodendrum bungei Steud. Verbenaceae Lamiales
stickbush Clerodendrum chinense (Osb.) Mabberley Verbenaceae Lamiales
soapbush Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don Melastomataceae Myrtales
Scottish asphodel Clusia rosea Jacq Clusiaceae Theales
milkflower cotoneaster Cotoneaster coriaceus Franch. Rosaceae Rosales
silverleaf cotoneaster Cotoneaster pannosus Franch. Rosaceae Rosales
narrow-leaved iceplant Conicosia pugioniformis (L.) N.E. Br Aizoaceae Caryophyllales
common hawthorn Crataegus monogyna Jacq. Rosaceae Rosales
carrotwood Cupaniopsis anacardioides (A. Rich.) Radlk. Sapindaceae Sapindales
striated broom Cytisus striatus (Hill) Rothm Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
spurgelaurel Daphne laureola L. Thymelaeaceae Myrtales
jimsonweed Datura stramonium L. Solanaceae Solanales
aroma Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Virginia buttonweed Diodia virginiana L Rubiaceae Rubiales
centipede tongavine Epipremnum pinnatum (L.) Engl Araceae Arales
Surinam cherry Eugenia uniflora L. Myrtaceae Myrtales
edible fig Ficus carica L. Moraceae Urticales
governor's plum Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr Flacourtiaceae Violales
glossy buckthorn Frangula alnus Mill. Rhamnaceae Rhamnales
Mauritius hemp Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw Agavaceae Liliales
scarlet gaura Gaura coccinea Nutt. ex Pursh Onagraceae Myrtales
French broom Genista monspessulana (L.) L. Johnson Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
bloodwoodtree Haematoxylum campechianum L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
common salttree Halimodendron halodendron (L. f.) Voss Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
strawflower Helichrysum petiolare Hilliard & Burtt Asteraceae Asterales
pearlflower Heterocentron subtriplinervium (Link & Otto) A. Braun & Bouché Melastomataceae Myrtales
rose of Sharon Hibiscus syriacus L. Malvaceae Malvales
sea hibiscus Talipariti tiliaceum var. tiliaceum L. Malvaceae Malvales
hogpotato Hoffmannseggia glauca (Ortega) Eifert Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Canary Island St. Johnswort Hypericum canariense L. Clusiaceae Theales
English holly Ilex aquifolium L. Aquifoliaceae Celastrales
moonflower Ipomoea alba L. Convolvulaceae Solanales
gloria de la manana Ipomoea carnea ssp. fistulosa (Mart. ex Choisy) D. Austin Convolvulaceae Solanales
poverty sumpweed Iva axillaris Pursh Asteraceae Asterales
Arabian jasmine Jasminum sambac (L.) Ait. Oleaceae Scrophulariales
cathedral bells Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. Crassulaceae Rosales
white leadtree Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
broom teatree Leptospermum scoparium J.R. & G. Forst. Myrtaceae Myrtales
glossy privet Ligustrum lucidum W.T. Aiton Oleaceae Scrophulariales
showy fly honeysuckle, Bell's honeysuckle Lonicera x bella Zabel [morrowii × tatarica] Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
European wand loosestrife Lythrum virgatum L. Lythraceae Myrtales
white horehound Marrubium vulgare L. Lamiaceae Lamiales
Asian melastome Melastoma candidum D. Don Melastomataceae Myrtales
Spanish arborvine Merremia tuberosa (L.) Rendle Convolvulaceae Solanales
hierba del soldado Melochia umbellata (Houtt.) Stapf Sterculiaceae Malvales
miconia Miconia calvescens DC. Melastomataceae Myrtales
white mulberry Morus alba L. Moraceae Urticales
firetree Morella faya (Ait.) Wilbur Myricaceae Myricales
treedaisy Montanoa hibiscifolia (Benth.) Standl. Asteraceae Asterales
Chinese box Murraya exotica L. Rutaceae Sapindales
ngaio tree Myoporum laetum G. Forst. Myoporaceae Scrophulariales
tree tobacco Nicotiana glauca Graham Solanaceae Solanales
elliptic yellowwood Ochrosia elliptica Labill. Apocynaceae Gentianales
olive Olea europaea L. Oleaceae Scrophulariales
bristletips Oxyspora paniculata (D. Don) DC. Melastomataceae Myrtales
redfruit passionflower Passiflora foetida L. Passifloraceae Violales
corkystemmed passionflower Passiflora suberosa L. Passifloraceae Violales
New Zealand flax Phormium tenax J.R. & G. Forst. Xanthorrhoeaceae Asparagales
Australian cheesewood Pittosporum undulatum Vent. Pittosporaceae Rosales
cure for all Pluchea carolinensis (Jacq.) G. Don Asteraceae Asterales
Indian camphorweed Pluchea indica (L.) Less. Asteraceae Asterales
tornillo Prosopis reptans var. cinerascens (A. Gray) Burkart Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
strawberry guava Psidium cattleianum Sabine Myrtaceae Myrtales
guava Psidium guajava L. Myrtaceae Myrtales
bridal broom Retama monosperma (L.) Boiss. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Dahurian buckthorn Rhamnus davurica Pallas Rhamnaceae Rhamnales
red mangrove Rhizophora mangle L. Rhizophoraceae Rhizophorales
rose myrtle Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Ait.) Hassk. Myrtaceae Myrtales
Chinese buckthorn Rhamnus utilis Dcne. Rhamnaceae Rhamnales
castorbean Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiales
highbush blackberry Rubus argutus Link Rosaceae Rosales
Britton's wild petunia Ruellia simplex C. Wright Acanthaceae Scrophulariales
Himalaya blackberry Rubus armeniacus Focke Rosaceae Rosales
cutleaf blackberry Rubus laciniatus Willd. Rosaceae Rosales
snowpeaks raspberry Rubus niveus Thunb. Rosaceae Rosales
West Indian raspberry Rubus rosifolius Sm. Rosaceae Rosales
palmleaf dewberry Rubus sieboldii Blume Rosaceae Rosales
iguanatail Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce Liliaceae Liliales
beach naupaka Scaevola taccada Vahl Goodeniaceae Campanulales
Brazilian peppertree Schinus terebinthifolius var. raddianus Engl. Anacardiaceae Sapindales
bigpod sesbania Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
sicklepod Senna obtusifolia (L.) Irwin & Barneby Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
coffee senna Senna occidentalis (L.) Link Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
red sesbania Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
green bristlegrass Setaria viridis var. major (Gaudin) Pospichal Poaceae Cyperales
American black nightshade Solanum americanum P. Mill. Solanaceae Solanales
horsenettle Solanum carolinense L. Solanaceae Solanales
twoleaf nightshade Solanum diphyllum L. Solanaceae Solanales
bittersweet nightshade Solanum dulcamara L. Solanaceae Solanales
Jamaican nightshade Solanum jamaicense P. Mill. Solanaceae Solanales
orangeberry nightshade Solanum lanceolatum Cav. Solanaceae Solanales
purple African nightshade Solanum marginatum L. f. Solanaceae Solanales
black nightshade Solanum nigrum L. Solanaceae Solanales
Spanish broom Spartium junceum L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
swainsonpea Sphaerophysa salsula (Pallas) DC. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
African tamarisk Tamarix africana Poir. Tamaricaceae Violales
Athel tamarisk Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst. Tamaricaceae Violales
Russian tamarisk Tamarix aralensis Bunge Tamaricaceae Violales
Canary Island tamarisk Tamarix canariensis Willd. Tamaricaceae Violales
French tamarisk Tamarix gallica L. Tamaricaceae Violales
smallflower tamarisk Tamarix parviflora DC. Tamaricaceae Violales
saltcedar Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb. Tamaricaceae Violales
tamarisk Tamarix tetragyna C. Ehrenb. Tamaricaceae Violales
tropical almond Terminalia catappa L. Combretaceae Myrtales
portia tree Thespesia populnea (L.) Soland. ex Correa Malvaceae Malvales
herbaceous glorytree Tibouchina herbacea (DC.) Cogn. Melastomataceae Myrtales
princess-flower Tibouchina urvilleana (DC.) Cogn. Melastomataceae Myrtales
Jamaica feverplant Tribulus cistoides L. Zygophyllaceae Sapindales
Sacramento burrbark Triumfetta semitriloba Jacq. Tiliaceae Malvales
European mistletoe Viscum album L. Viscaceae Santalales
wayfaringtree Viburnum lantana L. Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
cranberry vibrunum, European highbush cranberry Viburnum opulus ssp. opulus Linnaeus Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
Syrian beancaper Zygophyllum fabago L. Zygophyllaceae Sapindales
leatherleaf mahonia Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Carr. Berberidaceae Ranunculales
jetbead Rhodotypos scandens (Thunb.) Makino Rosaceae Rosales
Chinese holly Ilex cornuta Lindl. & Paxton Aquifoliaceae Celastrales
crapemyrtle Lagerstroemia indica L. Lythraceae Myrtales
pigeon pea Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
mesquite Prosopis spp. L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Atlantic poison-oak Toxicodendron pubescens P. Mill. Anacardiaceae Sapindales
European mountain-ash Sorbus aucuparia L. Rosaceae Rosales
Oregon grape Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt Berberidaceae Ranunculales
fivestamen tamarisk Tamarix chinensis Lour. Tamaricaceae Violales
European red raspberry Rubus idaeus L. Rosaceae Rosales
Siberian peashrub Caragana arborescens Lam. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
tangerine Citrus reticulata Blanco Rutaceae Sapindales
border privet Ligustrum obtusifolium Sieb. & Zucc. Oleaceae Scrophulariales
Standish's honeysuckle Lonicera standishii Jacques Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
Cherokee rose Rosa laevigata Michx. Rosaceae Rosales
hairy indigo Indigofera hirsuta L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
linden viburnum Viburnum dilatatum Thunb. Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
poinsettia Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiales
mountain grape Berberis aquifolium Pursh Berberidaceae Ranunculales
devil's walkingstick Aralia spinosa L. Araliaceae Apiales
rock rose Cistus creticus L. Cistaceae Violales
giant bramble Rubus alceifolius Poir. (1804) Rosaceae Rosales
privet Ligustrum spp. L. Oleaceae Scrophulariales
Chinese parasoltree Firmiana simplex (L.) W. Wight Sterculiaceae Malvales
common lilac Syringa vulgaris L. Oleaceae Scrophulariales
Siebold's arrowwood Viburnum sieboldii Miq. Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
Japanese snowball Viburnum plicatum Thunb. Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
fuzzy pride-of-Rochester Deutzia scabra Thunb. Hydrangeaceae Rosales
European spindletree Euonymus europaeus L. Celastraceae Celastrales
Dyer's greenweed Genista tinctoria L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Japanese holly Ilex crenata Thunb. Aquifoliaceae Celastrales
Japanese rose Kerria japonica (L.) DC. Rosaceae Rosales
weeping lantana Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. Verbenaceae Lamiales
Amur privet Ligustrum amurense Carrière Oleaceae Scrophulariales
California privet Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk. Oleaceae Scrophulariales
dwarf honeysuckle Lonicera xylosteum L. Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
trifoliate orange Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. Rutaceae Sapindales
sour cherry Prunus cerasus L. Rosaceae Rosales
Mahaleb cherry Prunus mahaleb L. Rosaceae Rosales
European bird cherry Prunus padus L. Rosaceae Rosales
cultivated currant Ribes rubrum L. Grossulariaceae Rosales
bristly locust Robinia hispida L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
dog rose Rosa canina L. Rosaceae Rosales
sweetbriar rose Rosa eglanteria L. Rosaceae Rosales
French rose Rosa gallica L. Rosaceae Rosales
smallflower sweetbrier Rosa micrantha Borrer ex Sm. Rosaceae Rosales
Seaside rose Rosa rugosa Thunb. Rosaceae Rosales
memorial rose Rosa wichuraiana Crépin Rosaceae Rosales
Himalayan blackberry Rubus bifrons Vest ex Tratt. Rosaceae Rosales
strawberry raspberry Rubus illecebrosus Focke Rosaceae Rosales
goat willow Salix caprea L. Salicaceae Salicales
large gray willow Salix cinerea L. Salicaceae Salicales
purpleosier willow Salix purpurea L. Salicaceae Salicales
common bamboo Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendl. Poaceae Cyperales
butterflybush Buddleja davidii Franch. Buddlejaceae Scrophulariales
beach vitex Vitex rotundifolia L. f. Verbenaceae Lamiales
Chinese fleecevine Fallopia baldschuanica (Regel) Holub Polygonaceae Polygonales
common filbert Corylus avellana L. Betulaceae Fagales
heather Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull Ericaceae Ericales
hawk's eye Euryops multifidus (Thunb.) DC. Asteraceae Asterales
cotoneaster Cotoneaster spp. Medik. Rosaceae Rosales
Jerusalem-cherry Solanum pseudocapsicum L. Solanaceae Solanales
hairy Indian mallow Abutilon grandifolium (Willd.) Sweet Malvaceae Malvales
Sydney golden wattle Acacia longifolia (Andr.) Willd. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
everblooming acacia Acacia retinodes Schlecht. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
snowbush Breynia disticha J.R. & G. Forst. Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiales
Lindley's butterflybush Buddleja lindleyana Fortune ex Lindl. Buddlejaceae Scrophulariales
smokebush Buddleja madagascariensis Lam. Buddlejaceae Scrophulariales
paradise poinciana Caesalpinia gilliesii (Wall. ex Hook.) Wall. ex D. Dietr. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
purple beautyberry Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour.) K. Koch Verbenaceae Lamiales
papaya Carica papaya L. Caricaceae Violales
natal-plum Carissa macrocarpa (Ecklon) A. DC. Apocynaceae Gentianales
Madagascar periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don Apocynaceae Gentianales
turk's turbin Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze Verbenaceae Lamiales
Japanese glorybower Clerodendrum japonicum (Thunb.) Sweet Verbenaceae Lamiales
Javanese glorybower Clerodendrum speciosissimum Van Geert ex Morr. Verbenaceae Lamiales
bladder senna Colutea arborescens L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
orange cotoneaster Cotoneaster franchetii Boiss. Rosaceae Rosales
February daphne Daphne mezereum L. Thymelaeaceae Myrtales
creeping beggarweed Desmodium incanum DC. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Hawai'i ticktrefoil Desmodium sandwicense E. Mey. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
cherry silverberry Elaeagnus multiflora Thunb. Elaeagnaceae Rhamnales
Scots heath Erica cinerea L. Ericaceae Ericales
Spanish heath Erica lusitanica K. Rudolphi Ericaceae Ericales
crossleaf heath Erica tetralix L. Ericaceae Ericales
common pearlbrush Exochorda racemosa (Lindl.) Rehd. Rosaceae Rosales
simpleleaf chastetree Vitex trifolia L. Verbenaceae Lamiales
lilac chastetree Vitex agnus-castus L. Verbenaceae Lamiales
nettleleaf velvetberry Stachytarpheta urticifolia Sims Verbenaceae Lamiales
cayenne porterweed Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Vahl Verbenaceae Lamiales
purple mombin Spondias purpurea L. Anacardiaceae Sapindales
Thunberg's meadowsweet Spiraea thunbergii Sieb. ex Blume Rosaceae Rosales
bridalwreath spiraea Spiraea prunifolia Sieb. & Zucc. Rosaceae Rosales
false spiraea Sorbaria sorbifolia (L.) A. Braun Rosaceae Rosales
glossy shower Senna surattensis (Burm. f.) Irwin & Barneby Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
hedionda macho Senna septemtrionalis (Viviani) Irwin & Barneby Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Wisconsin weeping willow Salix x pendulina Wenderoth [babylonica × fragilis] Salicaceae Salicales
corkscrew willow Salix matsudana Koidzumi Salicaceae Salicales
Mediterranean broom Genista linifolia L. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
panicled hydrangea Hydrangea paniculata Sieb. Hydrangeaceae Rosales
anil de pasto Indigofera suffruticosa P. Mill. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
European blackberry Rubus vestitus Weihe & Nees Rosaceae Rosales
largeleaf blackberry Rubus macrophyllus Weihe & Nees Rosaceae Rosales
yellow Himalayan raspberry Rubus ellipticus Sm. Rosaceae Rosales
damask rose Rosa x damascena P. Mill. [gallica × moschata] Rosaceae Rosales
Scottish rose Rosa spinosissima L. Rosaceae Rosales
cinnamon rose Rosa cinnamomea L. Rosaceae Rosales
waxyleaf privet Ligustrum quihoui Carr. Oleaceae Scrophulariales
longfruited primrose-willow Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) Raven Onagraceae Myrtales
Siberian crabapple Malus baccata (L.) Borkh. Rosaceae Rosales
Japanese flowering crabapple Malus floribunda Sieb. Ex Van Houtte Rosaceae Rosales
scarlet firethorn Pyracantha coccinea M. Roemer Rosaceae Rosales
narrowleaf firethorn Pyracantha angustifolia (Franch.) Schneid. Rosaceae Rosales
pomegranate Punica granatum L. Punicaceae Myrtales
blackthorn Prunus spinosa L. Rosaceae Rosales
Portugal laurel Prunus lusitanica L. Rosaceae Rosales
threelobe false mallow Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke Malvaceae Malvales
mazapan Malvaviscus penduliflorus DC. Malvaceae Malvales
tapioca Manihot esculenta Crantz Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiales
oleander Nerium oleander L. Apocynaceae Gentianales
pinkhead smartweed Persicaria capitata (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Gross. Polygonaceae Polygonales
African olive Olea europaea ssp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G. Don) Ciferri Oleaceae Scrophulariales
plume albizia Paraserianthes lophantha (Willd.) I. Nielsen Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
spearleaf swampmallow Pavonia hastata Cav. Malvaceae Malvales
gingerbush Pavonia spinifex (L.) Cav. Malvaceae Malvales
Peruvian groundcherry Physalis peruviana L. Solanaceae Solanales
cyclops acacia Acacia cyclops A. Cunn. ex G. Don Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
Bohemian knotweed Fallopia x bohemica (Chrtek & Chrtková) J.P.Bailey Polygonaceae Polygonales
guava Psidium spp. L. Myrtaceae Myrtales
firethorn Pyracantha spp. L. Rosaceae Rosales
Washington hawthorn Crataegus phaenopyrum (L. f.) Medik. Rosaceae Rosales
lady's-mantle Alchemilla mollis (Buser) Rothm. Rosaceae Rosales
trumpetflower Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth Bignoniaceae Scrophulariales
ramgoat dashalong Turnera ulmifolia L. Turneraceae Violales
Aaron's beard Hypericum calycinum L. Clusiaceae Theales
goldflame honeysuckle Lonicera x heckrottii Rehd. [×americana × sempervirens] Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
bottlebrush Callistemon viminalis (Gaertn.)G.Don ex Loudon Myrtaceae Myrtales
smooth crotalaria Crotalaria pallida Aiton Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
common jujube Zizyphus jujuba Mill. Rhamnaceae Rhamnales
silver wattle Acacia dealbata Link Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
sea fig Carpobrotus chilensis (Molina) N.E. Br. Aizoaceae Caryophyllales
pride of Madeira Echium candicans L. f. Boraginaceae Lamiales
withania Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal Solanaceae Solanales
Oriental photinia Photinia villosa (Thunb.) DC. Rosaceae Rosales
formosa firethorn Pyracantha koidzumii (Hayata) Rehder Rosaceae Rosales
Sprenger's asparagus fern Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop Liliaceae Liliales
European cranberrybush Viburnum opulus L. Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
holly osmanthus Osmanthus heterophyllus (G. Don) P.S. Green Oleaceae Scrophulariales
laurustinus Viburnum tinus L. Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
beach naupaka Scaevola sericea var. sericea Vahl Goodeniaceae Campanulales
cardboard palm Zamia furfuracea L. f. ex Aiton Zamiaceae Cycadales
Chinese banyan Ficus microcarpa L. f. Moraceae Urticales
Manchurian honeysuckle Lonicera ruprechtiana Regel Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
Nepalese firethorn Pyracantha crenulata (D. Don) Roem. Rosaceae Rosales
scarletbush Hamelia patens Jacq. Rubiaceae Rubiales
sweetscent Pluchea odorata (L.) Cass. Asteraceae Asterales
wintergreen barberry Berberis julianae C.K. Schneid. Berberidaceae Ranunculales
yellow necklacepod Sophora tomentosa var. occidentalis (L.) Isely Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Fabales
fly honeysuckle Lonicera x xylosteoides Tausch [tatarica × xylosteum] Caprifoliaceae Dipsacales
Bohemian knotweed Polygonum x bohemicum (J. Chrtek & Chrtkovß) Zika & Jacobson [cuspidatum x sachalinense] Polygonaceae Polygonales
five-leaf aralia Eleutherococcus sieboldianus (Makino.) Koidz. Araliaceae Apiales


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