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Invasive.org - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Invasive and Exotic Pathogens with Images

The following species have been listed on an invasive species list in North America. For more information on each species, including the listing sources, images, and publication links, click on the species.

89 Records


Subject Name Scientific Name Family Order Class
brown root rot Phellinus noxius (Corner) G.H. Cunn. Hymenochaetaceae Hymenochaetales Agaricomycetes
Phytophthora root rot Phytophthora cinnamomi Rands Peronosporaceae Peronosporales Oomycetes
black rot Ceratocystis fimbriata (Ellis & Halst.) Sacc. Ceratocystidaceae Microascales Sordariomycetes
chestnut blight or canker Cryphonectria parasitica (Murrill) M.E. Barr Incertae sedis Diaporthales Sordariomycetes
European larch canker Lachnellula willkommii (Hartig) Dennis Hyaloscyphaceae Helotiales Leotiomycetes
beech bark disease Nectria coccinea (Pers.) Fr. Nectriaceae Hypocreales Sordariomycetes
butternut canker Sirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum N. B. Nair, Kostichka & Kuntz Incertae sedis Diaporthales Sordariomycetes
oak wilt Ceratocystis fagacearum (T. W. Bretz) J. Hunt Ceratocystidaceae Microascales Sordariomycetes
Dutch elm disease Ophiostoma ulmi (Buisman) Nannf. Ophiostomataceae Ophiostomatales Sordariomycetes
mimosa wilt Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. perniciosum (Hepting) Toole Nectriaceae Hypocreales Sordariomycetes
bacterial leaf scorch Xylella fastidiosa Wells et al. 1987 Xanthomonadaceae Xanthomonadales Gammaproteobacteria
sycamore anthracnose Apiognomonia veneta (Sacc. & Speg.) Hohn. Valsaceae Diaporthales Sordariomycetes
dogwood anthracnose Discula destructiva Redlin Valsaceae Diaporthales Sordariomycetes
Dothistroma needle blight Mycosphaerella pini Rostr. Mycosphaerellaceae Capnodiales Dothideomycetes
Diplodia blight Sphaeropsis sapinea (Fr.) Dyko & B. Sutton Incertae sedis Incertae sedis Incertae sedis
white pine blister rust Cronartium ribicola J. C. Fisch. Cronartiaceae Uredinales Urediniomycetes
Leptographium root disease Leptographium procerum (W.B. Kendr.) M.J. Wingf Ophiostomataceae Ophiostomatales Sordariomycetes
brown spot needle blight of pine Mycosphaerella dearnessii M.E. Barr Mycosphaerellaceae Capnodiales Dothideomycetes
beech bark canker Neonectria coccinea var. faginata (Pers.:Fr.) Fr. Var. Lohman, A. M. Watson, & Ayers Nectriaceae Hypocreales Sordariomycetes
Phytophthora root and crown rots Phytophthora spp. De Bary Peronosporaceae Peronosporales Oomycetes
turkey tail Trametes versicolor (L.) C.G. Lloyd Polyporaceae Polyporales Agaricomycetes
Armillaria root rot Armillaria limonea (Stevenson) Boesewinkel Marasmiaceae Agaricales Agaricomycetes
Armillaria root rot Armillaria novae-zelandiae (G. Stev.) Boesew. Marasmiaceae Agaricales Agaricomycetes
Cyclaneusma needle cast Cyclaneusma minus (Butin) Dicosmo, Peredo & Mint Rhytismataceae Rhytismatales Leotiomycetes
blue stain Ophiostoma huntii (Robins-Jeff) DeHoog & Scheffe Ophiostomataceae Ophiostomatales Sordariomycetes
blue stain Ophiostoma ips (Rumb.) Nannf. Ophiostomataceae Ophiostomatales Sordariomycetes
blue stain Ophiostoma piceae (Munch) Syd. & P. Syd Ophiostomataceae Ophiostomatales Sordariomycetes
blue stain Ceratocystis tenella Davidson Ceratocystidaceae Microascales Sordariomycetes
wood decay Stereum spp. Pers. Stereaceae Russulales Agaricomycetes
bacterial canker of poplar Xanthomonas populi (ex Ride 1958) van den Mooter and Swings 1990 Xanthomonadaceae Xanthomonadales Gammaproteobacteria
sudden oak death Phytophthora ramorum S. Werres, A.W.A.M. de Cock Peronosporaceae Peronosporales Oomycetes
muscadine disease Beauveria spp. Vuill. Incertae sedis Incertae sedis Incertae sedis
citrus greening Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus Jagoueix et al. 1994 Rhizobiaceae Rhizobiales Alphaproteobacteria
sweet orange scab Elsinoe australis Bitanc. & Jenkins Elsinoaceae Myriangiales Dothideomycetes
spruce rust Chrysomyxa abietis (Wallr.) Unger Coleosporiaceae Uredinales Urediniomycetes
cherry-spruce rust Pucciniastrum areolatum G.H. Otth Pucciniastraceae Uredinales Urediniomycetes
gladiolus rust Uromyces transversalis (Thümen) Winter Pucciniaceae Pucciniales Pucciniomycetes
chrysanthemum white rust Puccinia horiana P. Hennings Pucciniaceae Pucciniales Pucciniomycetes
needlecast Stigmina deflectens (P. Karst.) M.B. Ellis Incertae sedis Dothideales Dothideomycetes
Witches broom fungus Crinipellis perniciosa (Stahel) Singer Tricholomataceae Agaricales Agaricomycetes
brown rot of fruit Monilinia fructigena Honey Sclerotiniaceae Helotiales Leotiomycetes
Phialophora wilt Phialophora cinerescens (Wollenw.) J.F.H. Beyma Incertae sedis Incertae sedis Incertae sedis
leaf smut of rice Entyloma oryzae Syd. And P. Syd. Entylomataceae Entylomatales Exobasidiomycetes
karnal bunt Tilletia indica Mitra Tilletiaceae Tilletiales Exobasidiomycetes
coffee leaf rust Hemileia vastatrix Berk. and Broome Incertae sedis Uredinales Urediniomycetes
Fungal disease of bees Cordyceps spp. (Fr.) Link Clavicipitaceae Hypocreales Sordariomycetes
potato wart disease Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilberszky) Percival Synchytriaceae Chytridiales Chytridiomycetes
Japanese pear rust Gymnosporangium asiaticum Miyabe ex. Yamada Pucciniaceae Pucciniales Pucciniomycetes
red stele Phytophthora fragariae Hickman Peronosporaceae Peronosporales Oomycetes
entomophagus fungi Entomophthora spp. Fresen. Entomophthoraceae Entomophthorales Zygomycetes
soybean rust Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. & P. Syd. Phakopsoraceae Uredinales Urediniomycetes
mal secco Phoma tracheiphila (Petri) L.A. Kantsch. & Gikaschvili Incertae sedis Pleosporales Dothideomycetes
Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Begomovirus TYLCV Geminiviridae Unassigned single stranded DNA viruses Single-stranded DNA (Group II)
Plum Pox Virus Potyvirus PPV Potyviridae Unassigned single stranded positive-sense RNA viruses Single-stranded, positive-sense, RNA (Group IV)
citrus black spot Guignardia citricarpa Kiely Botryosphaeriaceae Incertae sedis Dothideomycetes
wheat stem rust Puccinia graminis Pers. Pucciniaceae Pucciniales Pucciniomycetes
bacterial brown spot of bean/canker of stone fruit, twig blight Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae van Hall 1902 Pseudomonadaceae Pseudomonadales Gammaproteobacteria
Southern bacterial wilt Ralstonia solanacearum (except Race 3 Biovar 2) (Smith 1896) Yabuuchi et al. 1996 Burkholderiaceae Burkholderiales Betaproteobacteria
Coconut cadang-cadang viroid Cocadviroid CCCVd Pospiviroidae Unassigned Viroids Viroids
Potato Mop Top Virus Carlavirus PMTV Flexiviridae Unassigned single stranded positive-sense RNA viruses Single-stranded, positive-sense, RNA (Group IV)
Gibberella stalk rot Gibberella zeae (Schwein.) Petch Nectriaceae Hypocreales Sordariomycetes
late blight Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary Peronosporaceae Peronosporales Oomycetes
Bean Common Mosaic Virus Potyvirus BCMV Potyviridae Unassigned single stranded positive-sense RNA viruses Single-stranded, positive-sense, RNA (Group IV)
Collybia fungus Collybia fusipes (Bull.: Fr.) Quel. Tricholomataceae Agaricales Agaricomycetes
Phytophthora disease of alders Phytophthora alni Brasier & S.A. Kirk Peronosporaceae Peronosporales Oomycetes
bacterial wilt Clavibacter michiganensis ssp. insidiosus (McCulloch 1925) Davis et al. 1984 Microbacteriaceae Actinomycetales Actinobacteria
Japanese apple rust Gymnosporangium yamadae Miyabe ex G. Yamada Pucciniaceae Pucciniales Pucciniomycetes
Brown needle blight of pine Mycosphaerella gibsonii H.C. Evans Mycosphaerellaceae Capnodiales Dothideomycetes
citrus canker Xanthomonas citri (ex Hasse 1915) Gabriel et al. 1989 Xanthomonadaceae Xanthomonadales Gammaproteobacteria
bacterial leaf blight of rice Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (ex. Ishiyama 1922) Swings et al. 1990 Xanthomonadaceae Xanthomonadales Gammaproteobacteria
bacterial leaf streak Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (Fang et al. 1957) Swings et al. 1990 Xanthomonadaceae Xanthomonadales Gammaproteobacteria
pitch canker Fusarium circinatum Nirenberg & O'Donnell Nectriaceae Hypocreales Sordariomycetes
ryegrass bunt Tilletia walkeri Castl. & Carris Tilletiaceae Tilletiales Exobasidiomycetes
apple proliferation phytoplasma Candidatus Phytoplasma mali AP-MLO Seemüller and Schneider 2004 Incertae sedis Incertae sedis Mollicutes
Philippine downy mildew Peronosclerospora philippinensis (T. Miyake) C.G. Shaw Peronosporaceae Peronosporales Oomycetes
Citrus Tristeza Virus Closterovirus CTV Closteroviridae Unassigned single stranded positive-sense RNA viruses Single-stranded, positive-sense, RNA (Group IV)
Potato Spindle Tuber Viroid Pospiviroid PSTVd Pospiviroidae Unassigned Viroids Viroids
daylily rust Puccinia hemerocallidis Thüm. Pucciniaceae Pucciniales Pucciniomycetes
toxic cyanobacteria Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Wolosz.) Seena. and Subbar. Nostocaceae Nostocales *Cyanophyceae
Asian kelp Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar Alariaceae Laminariales Phaeophyceae
Iris Yellow Spot Virus Tospovirus IYSV Bunyaviridae Unassigned single stranded negative-sense RNA viruses Single-stranded, negative-sense, RNA (Group V)
intensive dieback of ash Chalara fraxinea Kowalski Incertae sedis Incertae sedis Incertae sedis
guava rust Puccinia psidii G. Winter Pucciniaceae Pucciniales Pucciniomycetes
white rot Stromatinia cepivora (Berk.) Whetzel Sclerotiniaceae Helotiales Leotiomycetes
powdery mildew Podosphaera macularis (Wallr.) U. Braun & S. Takam. Erysiphaceae Erysiphales Leotiomycetes
laurel wilt Raffaelea lauricola Harrington & Fraedrich Ophiostomataceae Ophiostomatales Sordariomycetes
potato brown wilt Ralstonia solanacearum Race 3 Biovar 2 (Smith 1896) Yabuuchi et al. 1996 Burkholderiaceae Burkholderiales Betaproteobacteria
thousand cankers disease Geosmithia morbida (Proposed name) Incertae sedis Hypocreales Sordariomycetes
white-nose syndrome fungus Geomyces destructans Blehert & Gargas Incertae sedis Incertae sedis Leotiomycetes


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