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Invasive.org - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Biological Control Agents with Images

The following species have been listed as possible biological control agents of invasive species list in North America. For images of each species, click on the species.

130 Records


Subject Name Scientific Name Family Order
waterhyacinth grasshopper Cornops aquaticum (Bruner, 1906) Acrididae Orthoptera
ragwort seed fly Botanophila seneciella (Meade, 1892) Anthomyiidae Diptera
stem-mining fly Pegomya euphorbiae (Kieffer, 1909) Anthomyiidae Diptera
cinnabar moth Tyria jacobaeae (Linnaeus) Arctiidae Lepidoptera
tiger moth Paracles tenuis (Berg,) Arctiidae Lepidoptera
gorse seed weevil Exapion ulicis (Forster, 1771) Brentidae Coleoptera
Scottish broom seed weevil Exapion fuscirostre (Fabricius, 1775) Brentidae Coleoptera
flower feeding weevil Nanophyes marmoratus (Goeze, 1777) Brentidae Coleoptera
bronze knapweed root borer Sphenoptera jugoslavica Obenberger, 1926 Buprestidae Coleoptera
St. Johnswort beetle Agrilus hyperici (Creutzer, 1799) Buprestidae Coleoptera
rose stem girdler Agrilus cuprescens (Menetries, 1832) Buprestidae Coleoptera
St. Johnswort midge Zeuxidiplosis giardi (Kieffer, 1896) Cecidomyiidae Diptera
gall midge Dasineura capsulae Kieffer, 1901 Cecidomyiidae Diptera
skeletonweed gall midge Cystiphora schmidti (Rubsaamen, 1914) Cecidomyiidae Diptera
univoltine gall midge Lasioptera hungarica Mohn, 1968 Cecidomyiidae Diptera
alang-alang gall midge Orseolia javanica Kieffer & van Leeuwen-Reijinvaan, 1910 Cecidomyiidae Diptera
leafy spurge gall midge Spurgia esulae Gagne, 1990 Cecidomyiidae Diptera
leafy spurge stem boring beetle Oberea erythrocephala (Schrank, 1776) Cerambycidae Coleoptera
black-ended gall fly Lipara similis Schiner, 1854 Chloropidae Diptera
flat-headed shoot fly Platycephala planifrons (Fabricius, 1798) Chloropidae Diptera
St. Johnswort beetle Chrysolina hyperici (Forster, 1771) Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
klamathweed beetle Chrysolina quadrigemina (Suffrian, 1851) Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
ragwort flea beetle Longitarsus jacobaea (Waterhouse, 1858) Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
flea beetle Aphthona seriata Chen, 1939 Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
root feeding flea beetle Aphthona chinchihi Chen, 1939 Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
tortoise beetle Metriona elatior Klug, 1829 Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
brown dot leafy spurge flea beetle Aphthona cyparissiae (Koch, 1803) Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
black leafy spurge flea beetle Aphthona czwalinae Weise, 1888 Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
black dot spurge flea beetle Aphthona nigriscutis Foudras, 1860 Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
copper leafy spurge flea beetle Aphthona flava Guillebeau, 1894 Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
brown-legged spurge flea beetle Aphthona lacertosa (Rosenhauer, 1847) Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
alligatorweed flea beetle Agasicles hygrophila Selman & Vogt, 1971 Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
tortoise beetle Gratiana boliviana Spaeth, 1926 Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
golden loosestrife beetle Galerucella pusilla (Duftschmid, 1825) Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
black-margined loosestrife beetle Galerucella calmariensis (Linnaeus, 1767 Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
flea beetle Phyllotreta ochripes (Curtis, 1837) Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
leaf beetle Galerucida nigromaculata Baly, 1861 Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
minute spurge flea beetle Aphthona abdominalis (Duftschmid, 1825) Chrysomelidae Coleoptera
lady beetle Scymnus suturalis Thunberg, 1795 Coccinellidae Coleoptera
lady beetle Sasajiscymnus tsugae (Sasaji & McClure, 1997) Coccinellidae Coleoptera
root-boring moth Eteobalea intermediella (Riedl) Cosmopterigidae Lepidoptera
plant hopper Megamelus spp. Fieber, 1866 Delphacidae Hemiptera
petiole mining flies Thrypticus spp. Gerstaecker 1864 Dolichopodidae Diptera
leaf-mining shore flies Hydrellia spp. Robineau-Desviody 1830 Ephydridae Diptera
knapweed seedhead moth Metzneria paucipunctella Zeller Gelechiidae Lepidoptera
St. Johnswort Inchworm Aplocera plagiata (Linnaeus) Geometridae Lepidoptera
bloof-vein moth Timandra griseata (Petersen) Geometridae Lepidoptera
water hyacinth mirid bug Eccritotarsus catarinensis (Carvalho) Miridae Hemiptera
mimosa wilt Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. perniciosum (Hepting) Toole Nectriaceae Hypocreales
defoliator moth Oxicesta geographica (Fabricius) Noctuidae Lepidoptera
defoliator moth Simyra dentinosa Freyer Noctuidae Lepidoptera
pickerelweed borer Bellura densa (Walker) Noctuidae Lepidoptera
waterlettuce moth Spodoptera pectinicornis (Hampson) Noctuidae Lepidoptera
rhizome feeding noctuid moth Rhizedra lutosa (Hubner) Noctuidae Lepidoptera
gorse tip moth Agonopterix nervosa (Haworth) Oecophoridae Lepidoptera
gorse soft shoot moth Agonopterix ulicitella (Stainton) Oecophoridae Lepidoptera
defoliating hemlock moth Agonopterix alstroemeriana (Clerck) Oecophoridae Lepidoptera
leaf-feeding sawfly Heteroperreyia hubrichi Malaise Pergidae Hymenoptera
meristem-sucking thrips Pseudophilothrips ichini Hood Phlaeothripidae Thysanoptera
alligatorweed thrips Amynothrips andersoni O'Neill, 1968 Phlaeothripidae Thysanoptera
legless reed mealybug Chaetococcus phragmitis (Marchal) Pseudococcidae Hemiptera
rush skeletonweed rust Puccinia chondrillina Bubák Pucciniaceae Pucciniales
puccinia rust Puccinia carduorum Jacky Pucciniaceae Pucciniales
puccinia rusts Puccinia spp. Pers. Pucciniaceae Pucciniales
alligatorweed stem borer Arcola malloi (Pastrana) Pyralidae Lepidoptera
scarab beetle Chalepides spp. Casey 1915 Scarabaeidae Coleoptera
clearwing moth Chamaesphecia tenthrediniformis (Denis & Schiffermüller) Sesiidae Lepidoptera
clearwing moth Chamaesphecia crassicornis Bartel Sesiidae Lepidoptera
Hungarian clearwing moth Chamaesphecia hungarica (Tomala) Sesiidae Lepidoptera
spurge hawkmoth Hyles euphorbiae (Linnaeus) Sphingidae Lepidoptera
musk thistle flower fly Cheilosia corydon (Harris, 1780) Syrphidae Diptera
gall flies Urophora spp. Robineau-Desvoidy 1830 Tephritidae Diptera
yellow star thistle gall fly Urophora sirunaseva (Hering, 1938) Tephritidae Diptera
yellow starthistle peacock fly Chaetorellia australis Hering, 1940 Tephritidae Diptera
bull thistle gall fly Urophora stylata (Fabricius, 1775) Tephritidae Diptera
nodding thistle gall fly Urophora solstitialis (Linnaeus, 1758) Tephritidae Diptera
knapweed gall fly Urophora affinis (Frauenfeld, 1857) Tephritidae Diptera
knapweed seed head fly Urophora quadrifasciata (Meigen, 1826) Tephritidae Diptera
knapweed peacock fly Chaetorellia acrolophi White & Marquardt, 1989 Tephritidae Diptera
green knapweed clearwing fly Terellia virens (Loew, 1846) Tephritidae Diptera
Canada thistle stem-gall fly Urophora cardui (Linnaeus, 1758) Tephritidae Diptera
gorse thrips Sericothrips staphylinus Haliday, 1836 Thripidae Thysanoptera
lace bug Oncochila simplex (Herrich-Schäffer) Tingidae Hemiptera
sulfur knapweed root moth Agapeta zoegana (Linnaeus) Tortricidae Lepidoptera
multiflora rose seed chalcid Megastigmus aculeatus nigroflavus Hoffmeyer Torymidae Hymenoptera
stem-boring weevil Mecinus janthinus Germar Curculionidae Coleoptera
root galling weevil Gymnetron linariae (Panzer, 1792) Curculionidae Coleoptera
water hyacinth weevils Neochetina spp. Hustache 1926 Curculionidae Coleoptera
flower-bud weevil Anthonomus tenebrosus (Boheman, 1843) Curculionidae Coleoptera
Hydrilla tuber weevil Bagous affinis Hustache, 1926 Curculionidae Coleoptera
Hydrilla stem weevil Bagous hydrillae O'Brien Curculionidae Coleoptera
salvinia weevil Cyrtobagous salviniae Calder & Sands, 1985 Curculionidae Coleoptera
Canada thistle stem mining weevil Ceutorhynchus litura (Fabricius, 1775) Curculionidae Coleoptera
Canada thistle bud weevil Larinus planus (Fabricius, 1792) Curculionidae Coleoptera
weevil Homorosoma chinensis Wagner, 1944 Curculionidae Coleoptera
musk thistle head weevil Rhinocyllus conicus (Frölich, 1792) Curculionidae Coleoptera
thistle crown weevil Trichosirocalus horridus (Panzer, 1801) Curculionidae Coleoptera
knapweed root weevil Cyphocleonus achates (Fahraeus, 1842) Curculionidae Coleoptera
lesser knapweed flower weevil Larinus minutus Gyllenhal, 1836 Curculionidae Coleoptera
melaleuca leaf weevil Oxyops vitiosa (Pascoe, 1870) Curculionidae Coleoptera
milfoil weevil Euhrychiopsis lecontei (Dietz, 1896) Curculionidae Coleoptera
waterlettuce weevil Neohydronomus affinis Hustache, 1926 Curculionidae Coleoptera
root-boring weevil Hylobius transversovittatus (Goeze, 1777) Curculionidae Coleoptera
univoltine weevil Ceutorhynchus roberti Gyllenhal, 1837 Curculionidae Coleoptera
univoltine root mining weevil Ceutorhynchus scrobicollis Nerensheimer & Wagner, 1924 Curculionidae Coleoptera
univoltine weevil Ceutorhynchus constrictus (Marsham, 1802) Curculionidae Coleoptera
puncturevine seed weevil Microlarinus lareynii (Jacquelin du Val, 1852) Curculionidae Coleoptera
yellow starthistle bud weevil Bangasternus orientalis (Capiomont, 1873) Curculionidae Coleoptera
yellow starthistle hairy weevil Eustenopus villosus (Boheman, 1843) Curculionidae Coleoptera
yellow starthistle flower weevil Larinus curtus Hochhut, 1851 Curculionidae Coleoptera
Mediterranean sage root crown weevil Phrydiuchus tau Warner, 1969 Curculionidae Coleoptera
puncturevine stem weevil Microlarinus lypriformis (Wollaston, 1861) Curculionidae Coleoptera
stem-gall nematode Subanguina picridis (Kirj.) Brezeski. Anguinidae Tylenchida
twig-mining moth Leucoptera spartifoliella (Hubner) Lyonetiidae Lepidoptera
grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella (Valenciennes, 1844) Cyprinidae Cypriniformes
bindweed gall mite Aceria malherbae Nuzzaci, 1985 Eriophyidae Acari
skeletonweed gall mite Eriophyes chondrillae Canestrini Eriophyidae Acari
rose bud and flower mite Phyllocoptes fructiphilus Keifer, 1940 Eriophyidae Acari
Eriophyid mite Floracarus spp. Eriophyidae Acari
gorse spider mite Tetranychus lintearius Dufour Tetranychidae Acari
waterhyacinth mite Orthogalumna terebrantis Wallwork Galumnidae Acari
salvinia grasshopper Paulinia acuminata (De Geer, 1773) Pauliniidae Orthoptera
waterhyacinth moth Sameodes albiguttalis (Warren) Crambidae Lepidoptera
waterhyacinth stalk borer Xubida infusella (Walker) Crambidae Lepidoptera
milfoil moth Acentria ephemerella (Denis & Schiffermüller) Crambidae Lepidoptera
waterlily leafcutter Synclita obliteralis (Walker) Crambidae Lepidoptera
Australian pyralid moth Austromusotima camptozonale (Hampson) Crambidae Lepidoptera
salvinia stem borer/waterlettuce moth Samea multiplicalis (Guenee') Crambidae Lepidoptera
rose rosette disease Emaravirus RRD Unassigned negative-sense ssRNA Unassigned single stranded negative-sense RNA viruses
field bindweed moth Tyta luctuosa (Denis & Schiffermüller) Erebidae Lepidoptera


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