fennel USDA PLANTS SYMBOL: FOVU
Foeniculum vulgare P. Mill.
Synonym(s): sweet fennel

Appearance
Foeniculum vulgare is a perennial with soft, feathery, almost hair-like foliage growing up to 6.6 ft. (2 m) tall. This plant can look similar to dill.
Foliage
Stem striate. Leaves 3-4 pinnate; segments filiform, up to 1.6 in. (4 cm) long; leaf bases sheathing. Rays 5-30, 0.39-2.4 in. (1-6 cm) long.
Flowers
Flowers are small, yellow, and found in large flat-topped umbels. Blooming occurs between August and October.
Fruit
Fruit oblong to ovoid, 0.12-0.2 in. (3-5 mm) long. Seeds ripen from September to October. This plant can reproduce from crown or root fragments but freely reproduces from seed.
Ecological Threat
Foeniculum vulgare requires well-drained soil and cannot grow in the shade. It prefers disturbed areas and is native to Europe.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources