hydrilla USDA PLANTS SYMBOL: HYVE3
Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle
Synonym(s): Florida elodea, water thyme, waterthyme

Hydrilla is a submersed, rooted aquatic plant that can grow in water up to depths of 20 ft. (6.1 m). Plants can survive in depths up to 40 ft. (12 m) in non-turbid water. Leaves are whorled in bunches of 3-8, but most often with whorls of 5. The midribs of the leaves are reddish in color with the undersides having small, raised teeth. Leaves are 0.2-0.8 in. (5-20 mm) long, less than 0.1 in. (2 mm) wide and have serrated margins. Hydrilla forms dense mats at the surface of the water. The dense mats can restrict native vegetation, irrigation practices, recreation, hydroelectric production, and water flow. It can invade most slow-moving or still water systems. Hydrilla is believed to be native to Asia or Africa, although it is widely spread across the globe. It was first introduced into North America as an aquarium plant in the 1950s. Hydrilla can sometimes be confused with Brazilian egeria (Ergeria densa Planch.) and Canadian waterweed (Elodea canadensis Michx.). The leaves of Canadian waterweed occur in whorls of three along the stem and are up to 0.2 in. (5 mm) wide. The midrib of Brazilian egeria is smooth as opposed to the toothed midrib of hydrilla.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources