All Nonnative Invasive Plants Recognized as of June 2008


Compiled by the USDA Forest Service Regional Task Force for
the Assessment of Nonnative Invasive Species of Southern Forests

384 Records

Subject Name Scientific Name Growth Form Federally Listed
alligatorweed Alternanthera philoxeroides aquatic
feathered mosquitofern (only in NC) Azolla pinnata aquatic Fed
Brazilian water-hyssop Bacopa egensis aquatic
pond water-starwort Callitriche stagnalis aquatic
water sprite Ceratopteris thalictroides aquatic
watertrumpet Cryptocoryne beckettii aquatic
didymo Didymosphenia geminata (alga) aquatic
Brazilian waterweed Egeria densa aquatic
common water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes aquatic
waterthyme, hydrilla Hydrilla verticillata aquatic Fed
water-poppy Hydrocleys nymphoides aquatic
Indian swampweed, Miramar weed Hygrophila polysperma aquatic Fed
yellow iris Iris pesudacorus aquatic
dotted duckweed, dotted duckmeat Landoltia punctata aquatic
Asian marshweed, ambulia (FL, GA, and TX) Limnophila sessiliflora aquatic Fed
Uruguayan primrose-willow Ludwigia grandiflora spp. grandiflora (Ludwigia uruguayensis) aquatic
creeping or sixpetal water primrose Ludwigia grandiflora spp. hexapetala (Ludwigia hexapetala) aquatic
moneywort, creeping Jenny Lysimachia nummularia aquatic
purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria aquatic
European wand loosestrife (only in VA) Lythrum virgatum aquatic
Asian waterclover Marsilea minuta aquatic
Australian waterclover Marsilea mutica aquatic
European waterclover Marsilea quadrifolia aquatic
peppermint Mentha ×piperita L. (pro sp.) [aquatica × spicata] aquatic
Asian spiderwort Murdannia keisak aquatic
parrot's feather, water milfoil Myriophyllum aquaticum aquatic
European waterfoil, spike watermilfoil, Eurasian water foil Myriophyllum spicatum aquatic
brittle waternymph Najas minor aquatic
watercress Nasturtium officinale (Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum) aquatic
sacred lotus Nelumbo nucifera aquatic
Cape Blue water-lily Nymphaea capensis (Nymphaea var. zanzibariensis) aquatic
yellow floatingheart Nymphoides peltata aquatic
duck-lettuce Ottelia alismoides aquatic Fed
Cuban bulrush Oxycaryon cubense (Scirpus cubensis) aquatic
common reed Phragmites australis ssp. australis aquatic
water lettuce Pistia stratiotes aquatic
curly pondweed (all US except ME and SC) Potamogeton crispus aquatic
long lobed arrowhead Sagittaria montevidensis aquatic
common salvinia, water spangles Salvinia minima aquatic
bog bullrush Scirpus mucronatus aquatic
bigpod sesbania Sesbania herbacea aquatic
scrambling nightshade Solanum tampicense aquatic
exotic bur-reed Sparganium erectum aquatic Fed
water chestnut Trapa natans aquatic
European brooklime Veronica beccabunga aquatic
kariba-weed, giant salvinia Salvinia molesta aquatic fern
salvinia Salvinia spp. aquatic fern
Asian netvein hollyfern Cyrtomium fortunei fern
Japanese false spleenwort Deparia petersenii fern
Japanese climbing fern Lygodium japonicum fern
small leaf climbing fern, old world climbing fern Lygodium microphyllum fern
narrow swordfern, erect sword fern Nephrolepis cordifolia fern
rosary pea Abrus precatorius forb
Japanese chaff flower Achyranthes japonica forb
Russian knapweed Acroptilon repens (Centaurea repens) forb
common bugle Ajuga reptans forb
garlic mustard Alliaria petiolata forb
wild garlic Allium vineale forb
sessile joyweed Alternanthera sessilis forb Fed
white moneywort Alysicarpus vaginalis forb
thymeleaf sandwort Arenaria serpyllifolia forb
mugwort, common wormwood Artemisia vulgaris forb
onionweed Asphodelus fistulosus forb Fed
garden yellowrocket Barbarea vulgaris forb
wax begonia Begonia cucullata forb
corn gromwell Buglossoides arvensis (Lithospermum arvense) forb
inch plant, spironema, basketplant Callisia fragrans forb
Texasweed Caperonia palustris forb
shepherd's purse Capsella bursa-pastoris forb
hoary cress, whitetop Cardaria draba forb
spiny plumeless thistle Carduus acanthoides forb
nodding plumelss thistle Carduus nutans forb
garden cornflower Centaurea cyanus forb
white knapweed Centaurea diffusa forb
brownray knapweed Centaurea jacea forb
maltese star-thistle Centaurea melitensis forb
yellow star-thistle Centaurea solstitialis forb
spotted knapweed Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (Centaurea biebersteinii) forb
alpine knapweed Centaurea transalpina forb
lambsquarters (native and introduced) Chenopodium album forb
Mexican tea Chenopodium ambrosioides forb
hogbite Chondrilla juncea forb
chicory Cichorium intybus forb
Canada thistle Cirsium arvense forb
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare forb
blessed thistle Cnicus benedictus forb
coco yam, taro Colocasia esculenta forb
Benghal dayflower, Jio Commelina benghalensis forb Fed
common dayflower Commelina communis forb
poison hemlock Conium maculatum forb
field bindweed Convolvulus arvensis forb
piedmont bedstraw Cruciata pedemontana forb
common crupina Crupina vulgaris forb Fed
dodders (other than native or widely distrubuted spp.) Cuscuta spp. forb
gypsyflower Cynoglossum officinale forb
jimsonweed Datura stramonium forb
Queen Anne's lace Daucus carota forb
deptford pink Dianthus armeria forb
Fuller's teasel Dipsacus fullonum forb
common teasel Dipsacus fullonum ssp. sylvestris forb
cut-leaf teasel Dipsacus laciniatus forb
Indian strawberry Duchesnea indica forb
redstem stork's bill Erodium cicutarium forb
leafy spurge Euphorbia esula forb
hairy crabweed Fatoua villosa forb
sweet fennel Foeniculum vulgare forb
goatsrue Galega officinalis forb
South American mock vervain Glandularia pulchella forb
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea forb
fulva, tawny daylily, common orange daylily Hemerocallis fulva forb
giant hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum forb Fed
dames rocket Hesperis matronalis forb
orange hawkweed Hieracium aurantiacum forb
meadow hawkweed Hieracium caespitosum forb
common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum forb
paleyellow iris Iris pseudacorus forb
Korean clover Kummerowia stipulacea forb
Japanese Clover Kummerowia striata forb
willowleaf lettuce Lactuca saligna forb
prickly lettuce Lactuca serriola forb
henbit deadnettle Lamium amplexicaule forb
common nipplewort Lapsana communis forb
common motherwort Leonurus cardiaca forb
Chinese lespedeza, sericea lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata forb
Thunberg's lespedeza Lespedeza thunbergii forb
oxeye daisy Leucanthemum vulgare (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum) forb
yellow toadflax Linaria vulgaris forb
liriope, monkeygrass, big blue lilyturf Liriope muscari forb
creeping liriope Liriope spicata forb
birdfoot deervetch Lotus corniculatus forb
horehound Marrubium vulgare forb
black medick Medicago lupulina forb
bur-clover Medicago spp. forb
white sweet clover Melilotus alba forb
yellow sweet clover Melilotus officinalis forb
melilotus, clover Melilotus spp. forb
miniature beefsteakplant Mosla dianthera forb
catnip Nepeta cataria forb
Scotch thistle Onopordum acanthium forb
sleepydick, Star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum forb
hellroot, small broomrape Orobanche minor forb Fed
wild parsnip Pastinaca sativa forb
harmal peganum Peganum harmala forb
beefsteakplant Perilla frutescens forb
Mascarene Island leaf-flower Phyllanthus tenellus forb
chamber bitter Phyllanthus urinaria forb
narrowleaf plantain Plantago lanceolata forb
Asiatic smartweed, oriental ladysthumb Polygonum caespitosum forb
Asiatic tearthumb Polygonum perfoliatum forb
spotted ladysthumb Polygonum persicaria forb
giant knotweed Polygonum sachalinense forb
sulfur cinquefoil Potentilla recta forb
Chinese brake fern, ladder brake Pteris vittata forb
St. Anthony's turnip Ranunculus bulbosus forb
fig buttercup, lesser celandine Ranunculus ficaria forb
wild radish Raphanus raphanistrum forb
cultivated radish Raphanus sativus forb
annual bastardcabbage Rapistrum rugosum forb
creeping yellowcress Rorippa sylvestris forb
Britton's wild petunia Ruellia caerulea (R. tweediana) forb
common sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella forb
curly dock Rumex crispus forb
prickly Russian thistle Salsola tragus forb
wormleaf salsola Salsola vermiculata forb
South American skullcap Scutellaria racemosa forb
purple crownvetch Securigera varia (Coronilla varia) forb
sicklepod Senna obtusifolia (Cassia obtusifolia) forb
rattlebush, rattlebox Sesbania punicea forb
London rocket Sisymbrium irio forb
twoleaf nightshade Solanum diphyllum forb
turkeyberry Solanum torvum forb
tropical soda apple Solanum viarum forb Fed
perennial sowthistle, field sowthistle Sonchus arvensis forb
spiny sowthistle Sonchus asper forb
common sowthistle Sonchus oleraceus forb
slender sowthistle Sonchus tenerrimus forb
Bay Biscayne creeping-oxeye, wedelia Sphagneticola trilobata forb
Florida hedgenettle Stachys floridana forb
common chickweed Stellaria media forb
Asiatic witchweed Striga asiatica forb
indigo witchweed Striga gesnerioides forb
common dandelion Taraxacum officinale forb
spreading hedgeparsley Torilis arvensis forb
yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius forb
coatbuttons Tridax procumbens forb
white clover Trifolium repens forb
clover Trifolium spp. forb
coltsfoot Tussilago farfara forb
stinging nettle (native and introduced) Urtica dioica forb
common mullein Verbascum thapsus forb
tall vervain Verbena bonariensis forb
Brazilian vervain Verbena brasiliensis forb
ivyleaf speedwell Veronica hederifolia forb
garden vetch Vicia sativa forb
spiny cocklebur Xanthium spinosum forb
jointed goatgrass Aegilops cylindrica grass/grasslike
crested wheatgrass Agropyron cristatum grass/grasslike
clustered wheat grass (only in TX) Agropyron desertorum grass/grasslike
colonial bentgrass Agrostis capillaris grass/grasslike
redtop Agrostis gigantea grass/grasslike
tall oatgrass Arrhenatherum elatius grass/grasslike
basket grass, small carpgrass Arthraxon hispidus grass/grasslike
giant reed Arundo donax grass/grasslike
animated oat, wild oat Avena sterilis grass/grasslike
hedge bamboo Bambusa multiplex grass/grasslike
common bamboo Bambusa vulgaris grass/grasslike
yellow bluestem, King Ranch bluestem Bothriochloa ischaemum grass/grasslike
Japanese brome Bromus arvensis (Bromus japonicus) grass/grasslike
rescuegrass Bromus catharticus grass/grasslike
smooth brome Bromus inermis grass/grasslike
meadow brome Bromus racemosus (Bromus commutatus) grass/grasslike
rye brome Bromus secalinus grass/grasslike
cheatgrass Bromus tectorum grass/grasslike
Japanese sedge Carex kobomugi grass/grasslike
bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon grass/grasslike
yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus grass/grasslike
umbrella plant Cyperus involucratus grass/grasslike
purple nutsedge Cyperus rotundus grass/grasslike
orchardgrass Dactylis glomerata grass/grasslike
kleberg's bluestem Dichanthium annulatum grass/grasslike
angleton bluestem Dichanthium aristatum grass/grasslike
African couchgrass Digitaria abyssinica grass/grasslike
southern crabgrass Digitaria ciliaris grass/grasslike
hairy or large crabgrass Digitaria sanguninalis grass/grasslike
barnyardgrass Echinochloa crus-galli grass/grasslike
Indian goosegrass Eleusine indica grass/grasslike
quackgrass Elymus repens grass/grasslike
stinkgrass Eragrostis cilianensis grass/grasslike
weeping lovegrass Eragrostis curvula grass/grasslike
centipede grass Eremochloa ophiuroides grass/grasslike
limpograss Hemarthria altissima grass/grasslike
common velvetgrass Holcus lanatus grass/grasslike
Brazilian satintail Imperata brasiliensis grass/grasslike Fed
cogongrass Imperata cylindrica grass/grasslike Fed
tall fescue Lolium arundinaceum (Festuca arundinacea) grass/grasslike
Italian ryegrass Lolium perenne grass/grasslike
Darnel rypegrass Lolium temulentum grass/grasslike
rose Netal grass Melinis repens grass/grasslike
nepalese browntop, Japanese stiltgrass, Nepalgrass Microstegium vimineum grass/grasslike
Chinese silvergrass, Zebragrass, miscanthus Miscanthus sinensis grass/grasslike
silk reed (only FL and s GA) Neyraudia reynaudiana grass/grasslike
rice Oryza sativa grass/grasslike
torpedo grass (probably introduced) Panicum repens grass/grasslike
dallisgrass Paspalum dilatatum grass/grasslike
bahiagrass Paspalum notatum grass/grasslike
kodomillet Paspalum scrobiculatum grass/grasslike Fed
vasey's grass Paspalum urvillei grass/grasslike
buffelgrass Pennisetum ciliare grass/grasslike
African feathergrass (only in TX and CA) Pennisetum macrourum grass/grasslike Fed
crimson fountaingrass, green fountain grass Pennisetum setaceum grass/grasslike
Timothy Phleum pratense grass/grasslike
common reed (native and introduced) Phragmites australis grass/grasslike
golden bamboo Phyllostachys aurea grass/grasslike
speargrass Poa annua grass/grasslike
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa grass/grasslike
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis grass/grasslike
rough bluegrass Poa trivialis grass/grasslike
itchgrass Rottboellia cochinchinensis grass/grasslike Fed
meadow ryegrass, tall fescue Schedonorus pratensis (Lolium pratense) grass/grasslike
nodding foxtail-grass, Japanese bristlegrass Setaria faberi grass/grasslike
foxtail bristlegrasst Setaria italica grass/grasslike
yellow bristlegrass Setaria pumila grass/grasslike
yellow bristlegrass Setaria pumila ssp. pallidifusca grass/grasslike
green bristlegrass Setaria viridis grass/grasslike
Johnson Grass Sorghum halepense grass/grasslike
guineagrass Urochloa maxima (Panicum maximum) grass/grasslike
para grass Urochloa mutica (Brachiaria mutica) grass/grasslike
Urochloa panicoides Urochloa panicoides grass/grasslike
hen's eye, scrated throat Ardisia crenata shrub
Japanese barberry Berberis thunbergii shrub
butterfly bush Buddleja davidii shrub
thorny olive, thorny elaeagnus Elaeagnus pungens shrub
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata shrub
surinam cherry Eugenia uniflora shrub
winged euonymus, winged burning bush, wahoo Euonymus alata (E. alatus) shrub
glossy buckthorn Frangula alnus shrub
rose of Sharon Hibiscus syriacus shrub
lantata Lantana camara shrub
shrubby bushclover, shrubby or bicolor lespedeza Lespedeza bicolor shrub
white lead tree Leucaena leucocephala shrub
Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum shrub
glossy privet Ligustrum lucidum shrub
border privet Ligustrum obtusifolium shrub
Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense shrub
privet Ligustrum spp. shrub
European privet, common privet Ligustrum vulgare shrub
bell's honeysuckle, bush honeysuckle Lonicera ×bella (morrowii × tatarica) shrub
sweet breath of spring Lonicera fragrantissima shrub
amur, bush, or amur bush honeysuckle Lonicera maackii shrub
morrow's honeysuckle, Gray morrow's bush honeysuckle Lonicera morrowii shrub
standish's honeysuckle Lonicera standishii shrub
tatarian honeysuckle, twinsister's Lonicera tatarica shrub
Beale's barberry Mahonia bealei shrub
black mimosa (FL and LA) Mimosa pigra shrub Fed
sacred bamboo, nandina, heavenly bamboo Nandina domestica shrub
tree tobacco Nicotiana glauca shrub
oriental photinia Photinia villosa shrub
Japanese knotweed, Japanese bamboo Polygonum cuspidatum (Reynoutria japonica) shrub
guava Psidium spp. shrub
scarlet firethorn Pyracantha coccinea shrub
formosa firethorn Pyracantha koidzumii shrub
callery pear, rootstock "Bradford pear" Pyrus calleryana shrub
common pear Pyrus communis shrub
rose myrtle Rhodomyrtus tomentosus shrub
jetbead Rhodotypos scandens shrub
castorbean Ricinus communis shrub
Macartney rose Rosa bracteata shrub
Cherokee rose Rosa laevigata shrub
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora shrub
memorial rose Rosa wichuraiana shrub
wineberry, Wine raspberry Rubus phoenicolasius shrub
Japanese spirea Spiraea japonica shrub
linden viburnum Viburnum dilatatum shrub
earleaf acacia Acacia auriculiformis tree
Amur maple Acer ginnala tree
Norway maple Acer platanoides tree
tree of heaven, ailanthus Ailanthus altissima tree
silktree, mimosa Albizia julibrissin tree
woman's tongue Albizia lebbeck tree
deviltree Alstonia macrophylla tree
paper mulberry Broussonetia papyrifera tree
camphortree Cinnamomum camphora tree
storehousebush, Chinese mulberry Cudrania tricuspidata tree
Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia tree
common fig Ficus carica tree
Chinese parasoltree Firmiana simplex tree
paradise apple Malus pumila tree
melaleuca, broadleaf paper bark tree (FL and LA) Melaleuca quinquenervia tree Fed
chinaberry tree Melia azedarach tree
white mulberry Morus alba tree
princesstree, paulownia, Chinese empress-tree Paulownia tomentosa tree
Japanese black pine Pinus thunbergii tree
trifoliate orange, hardy orange Poncirus trifoliata tree
white poplar Populus alba tree
black cottonwood Populus nigra tree
sweet cherry Prunus avium tree
cherry plum (TN only) Prunus cerasifera tree
sour red cherry Prunus cerasus tree
European plum (TX omly) Prunus domestica tree
perfumed cherry Prunus mahaleb tree
sawtooth oak Quercus acutissima tree
rose myrtle Rhodomyrtus tomentosus tree
octopus tree, schefflera Schefflera actinophylla tree
Peruvian peppertree Schinus molle tree
Christmasberry, Brazilian peppertree Schinus terebinthifolius tree
Java plum Syzygium cumini tree
African tamarisk Tamarix africana tree
Russian tamarisk Tamarix aralensis tree
Canary Island tamarisk Tamarix canariensis tree
five-stamen tamarisk Tamarix chinensis tree
French tamarisk, salt-cedar Tamarix gallica tree
smallflower tamarisk Tamarix parviflora tree
saltcedar, tamarisk Tamarix ramosissima tree
four-stamen tamarisk Tamarix tetragyna tree
tallowtree, Chinese tallowtree Triadica sebifera (Sapium sebiferum) tree
Siberian elm Ulmus pumila tree
tungoil tree Vernicia fordii tree
common jujube Ziziphus zizyphus tree
fiveleaf akebia, chocolate vine Akebia quinata vine
amur peppervine, porcelain berry Ampelopsis brevipedunculata vine
coral vine Antigonon leptopus vine
oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus (C. orbiculata) vine
leatherleaf clematis, sweet autumn Clematis terniflora (C. ternifolia) vine
water yam Dioscorea alata vine
air potato, air yam Dioscorea bulbifera vine
Chinese yam Dioscorea oppositifolia (D. batatas) vine
winter creeper, climbing euonymus Euonymus fortunei vine
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea vine
English ivy Hedera helix vine
Japanese hops Humulus japonicus vine
gloria de la manana, shrub morning-glory Ipomoea carnea ssp. fistulosa vine
red morning-glory Ipomoea coccinea vine
Ivyleaf morning-glory Ipomoea hederacea vine
tall morning-glory Ipomoea purpurea vine
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica vine
catclawvine Macfadyena unguis-cati vine
stinkvine, skunk-vine Paederia foetida vine
kudzu Pueraria montana var. lobata (P. lobata) vine
Jamaican feverplant (TX, LA, GA, FL) Tribulus cistoides vine
puncturevine Tribulus terrestris vine
bigleaf periwinkle Vinca major vine
common periwinkle Vinca minor vine
Japanese wisteria Wisteria floribunda vine
Chinese wisteria Wisteria sinensis vine