High Priority Nonnative Invasive Species of
Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems, June 2008 - DRAFT


Compiled by the USDA Forest Service Regional Task Force for
the Assessment of Nonnative Invasive Species of Southern Forests

121 Records

Subject Name Scientific Name Type IPM Available Risk Level
nutria Myocastor coypus Aquatic mammals Yes Not yet assessed
common pigeon Columba livia Birds No Not yet assessed
mute swan Cygnus olor Birds Limited Not yet assessed
house sparrow, European sparrow Passer domesticus Birds No Not yet assessed
Eurasian collared dove Streptopelia decaocto Birds No Not yet assessed
starling Sturnus vulgarus Birds No Not yet assessed
daphnia Daphnia lumholtzi Crustaceans No Not yet assessed
European earthworm Lumbricus rubellus Earthworms No Not yet assessed
Canadian nightcrawler Lumbricus terrestris Earthworms No Not yet assessed
goldfish Carassius auratus Fish No Not yet assessed
snakehead fish Channa sp. Fish Limited Not yet assessed
grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella Fish Limited Not yet assessed
common carp Cyprinus carpio Fish Limited Not yet assessed
silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Fish Limited Not yet assessed
bighead carp Hypophthalmichthys nobilis Fish Limited Not yet assessed
rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Fish Limited Not yet assessed
red-bellied pacu Piaractus brachypomus Fish Limited Not yet assessed
balsam woolly adelgid Adelges piceae Insects Limited Very High
hemlock woolly adelgid Adelges tsugae Insects Limited Very High
Formosan subterranean termite Coptotermes formosanus Insects Limited Very High
beech scale Cryptococcus fagisuga Insects Unknown Not yet assessed
Asian gypsy moth Lymantria dispar Asian biotype Insects Yes Very High
European gypsy moth Lymantria dispar European biotype Insects Yes Very High
black twig borer Xylosandrus compactus Insects Limited Not yet assessed
Asian ambrosia beetle, granulate ambrosia beetle Xylosandrus crassiusculus Insects Limited Not yet assessed
freshwater jellyfish, peach blossom fish Craspedacusta sowerbyii Jellyfish No Not yet assessed
Asian clam, Asiatic clam Corbicula fluminea Mollusks No Not yet assessed
zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha Mollusks No Not yet assessed
white pine blister Cronartium ribicola Pathogens No Not yet assessed
chestnut blight Cryphonectria parasitica Pathogens Limited Not yet assessed
dogwood anthracnose Discula destructiva Pathogens Limited Not yet assessed
Dutch elm disease Ophiostoma ulmi (Ceratocystis ulmi) Pathogens Yes Not yet assessed
laurel wilt Raffaelea lauricola (Ophiostoma sp.) Pathogens No Not yet assessed
butternut canker Sirococcus clavigigenti-juglandacearum Pathogens No Not yet assessed
alligatorweed Alternanthera philoxeroides Plants - Aquatics Yes Medium
didymo (in US near dams) Didymosphenia geminata (alga) Plants - Aquatics Unknown Not yet assessed
Brazilian waterweed Egeria densa Plants - Aquatics Yes High
common water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes Plants - Aquatics Yes High
waterthyme, hydrilla Hydrilla verticillata Plants - Aquatics Yes High
parrot's feather, water milfoil Myriophyllum aquaticum Plants - Aquatics Yes High
broadleaf water milfoil Myriophyllum heterophyllum Plants - Aquatics Yes High
European waterfoil, Eurasian water foil Myriophyllum spicatum Plants - Aquatics Yes High
brittle waternymph Najas minor Plants - Aquatics Unknown High
watercress Nasturtium officinale (Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum) Plants - Aquatics Unknown Not yet assessed
kariba-weed, giant salvinia Salvinia molesta Plants - Aquatics Yes Medium
Japanese climbing fern Lygodium japonicum Plants - Ferns Limited High
small leaf climbing fern, old world climbing fern Lygodium microphyllum Plants - Ferns Limited High
garlic mustard Alliaria petiolata Plants - Forbs Yes High
nodding plumeless thistle, musk thistle Carduus nutans Plants - Forbs Yes Unknown
spotted knapweed Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos Plants - Forbs Yes High
Canada thistle Cirsium arvense Plants - Forbs Yes High
blessed thistle Cnicus benedictus Plants - Forbs Yes Not yet assessed
wild carrot Daucus carota Plants - Forbs Yes Low
Korean clover Kummerowia stipulacea Plants - Forbs Yes Low
Japanese clover Kummerowia striata Plants - Forbs Yes Low
Chinese lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata Plants - Forbs Yes Medium
purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria Plants - Forbs Yes High
white and yellow sweet clover Melilotus officinalis Plants - Forbs Yes Medium
crown vetch Securigera varia Plants - Forbs Yes High
tropical soda apple Solanum viarum Plants - Forbs Yes Medium
common chickweed Stellaria media Plants - Forbs Yes Low
colts foot Tussilago farfara Plants - Forbs Yes Insignificant
weeping lovegrass Eragrostis curvula Plants - Grasses Unknown Medium
Brazilian satintail Imperata brasiliensis Plants - Grasses Limited Not in Database
cogongrass, satintail Imperata cylindrica Plants - Grasses Limited High
tall fescue Lolium arundinaceum Plants - Grasses Yes High
nepalese browntop, Japanese stiltgrass Microstegium vimineum Plants - Grasses Yes High
Chinese silvergrass, miscanthus Miscanthus sinensis Plants - Grasses Yes Medium
torpedograss Panicum repens Plants - Grasses Unknown High
common reed Phragmites australis Plants - Grasses Unknown High
golden bamboo Phyllostachys aurea Plants - Grasses Yes Medium
Johnsongrass Sorghum halepense Plants - Grasses Yes High
hen’s eye, scrated throat Ardisia crenata Plants - Shrubs Yes Medium
Japanese barberry Berberis thunbergii Plants - Shrubs Yes High
thorny olive, thorny elaeagnus Elaeagnus pungens Plants - Shrubs Yes Low
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Plants - Shrubs Yes High
winged euonymus, winged burning bush, Euonymus alatus Plants - Shrubs Yes Low
glossy false buckthorn (in KY and TN) Frangula alnus Plants - Shrubs Yes High
shrubby lespedeza Lespedeza bicolor Plants - Shrubs Yes Medium
Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum Plants - Shrubs Yes Medium
glossy privet Ligustrum lucidum Plants - Shrubs Yes Medium
Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense Plants - Shrubs Yes High
European privet Ligustrum vulgare Plants - Shrubs Yes High
winter honeysuckle Lonicera fragrantissima Plants - Shrubs Yes Not yet assessed
amur honeysuckle Lonicera maackii Plants - Shrubs Yes High
morrow's honeysuckle Lonicera morrowii Plants - Shrubs Yes High
Standish's honeysuckle Lonicera standishii Plants - Shrubs Yes Not yet assessed
tatarian honeysuckle Lonicera tatarica Plants - Shrubs Yes High
sacred bamboo, nandina, heavenly bamboo Nandina domestica Plants - Shrubs Yes Unknown
Japanese knotweed, Japanese bamboo Polygonum cuspidatum Plants - Shrubs Yes High
common buckthorn, European buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica Plants - Shrubs Yes High
downy rose myrtle Rhodomyrtus tomentosus Plants - Shrubs Unknown Not yet assessed
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora Plants - Shrubs Yes Medium
Japanese spirea Spiraea japonica Plants - Shrubs Yes High
tree of heaven, ailanthus Ailanthus altissima Plants - Trees Yes Medium
silktree, mimosa Albizia julibrissin Plants - Trees Yes Medium
Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia Plants - Trees Yes High
chinaberry tree Melia azedarach Plants - Trees Yes Medium
white mulberry Morus alba Plants - Trees Yes High
paulownia, princess tree Paulownia tomentosa Plants - Trees Yes Medium
octopus tree, schefflera (in sFL) Schefflera actinophylla Plants - Trees Yes Medium
Brazilian peppertree (in FL and sTX) Schinus terebinthifolius Plants - Trees Yes High
saltcedar Tamarix ramosissima Plants - Trees Yes High
tallowtree, Chinese tallowtree Triadica sebifera Plants - Trees Yes High
oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Plants - Vines Yes High
air yam Dioscorea bulbifera Plants - Vines Yes High
water yam Dioscorea alata Plants - Vines Yes Not yet assessed
Chinese yam Dioscorea oppositifolia Plants - Vines Yes High
winter creeper, climbing euonymus Euonymus fortunei Plants - Vines Yes High
English ivy Hedera helix Plants - Vines Yes High
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Plants - Vines Yes High
stinkvine, skunk-vine (in FL, sAL and sLA) Paederia foetida Plants - Vines Yes Medium
kudzu Pueraria montana var. lobata Plants - Vines Yes Medium
Japanese wisteria Wisteria floribunda Plants - Vines Yes Medium
Chinese wisteria Wisteria sinensis Plants - Vines Yes Medium
feral dogs Canis familiaris Terrestrial mammals Yes Not yet assessed
feral cat Felis catus Terrestrial mammals Yes Not yet assessed
house mouse Mus musculus Terrestrial mammals Yes Not yet assessed
Norway rat Rattus norvegious Terrestrial mammals Yes Not yet assessed
European, black, or tree rat Rattus ratus Terrestrial mammals Yes Not yet assessed
feral hog or European wild boar Sus scrofa Terrestrial mammals Yes Not yet assessed