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Proceedings of the X International Symposium on Biological Control of
Weeds - July 4-14, 1999

Edited by:
Neal R. Spencer -
Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, U.S.A., 2000.

Session 1 – Success in Biological Control of Weeds.

Refereed Papers

Successes in Biological Control of Weeds.
     McFadyen Cruttwell, R.E.

Biological Control of Leafy Spurge: An Emerging Success Story.
     Anderson G.L., Delfosse E.S., Spencer N.R., Prosser C.W., Richard R.D.

Management of Horse Purslane (Trianthema portulacastrum L.) with Gibbago trianthemae Simmons in India.
     Aneja K.R., Khan S.A., Kaushal S.

The Successful Biological Control of Spinyhead Sida, Sida Acuta [Malvaceae], by Calligrapha pantherina (Col: Chrysomelidae) in Australia’s Northern Territory.
     Flanagan G.J., Hills L.A., Wilson C.G.

Biological Control of Weeds in Mauritius: Past Successes Revisited and Present Challenges.
     Fowler S.V., Ganeshan S., Mauremootoo J., Mungroo Y.

Biological Control of Mist Flower (Ageratina riparia, Asteraceae): Transferring a Successful Program from Hawai’i to New Zealand.
     Fröhlich J., Fowler S., Gianotti A., Hill R., Killgore E., Morin L., Sugiyama L., Winks C.

Successful Etablishment of Exotic Agents for Classical Biological Control of Invasive Weeds in Virginia.
     Kok L.T., McAvoy T.J., Mays W.T.

Biological Control of Ragwort (Senecio jacobaea L.) in Australia.
     McLaren D.A., Ireson J.E., Kwong R.M.

Biological Control of Chromolaena odorata: Successes and Failures.
     Muniappan R. and Bamba J.

Application of Biological Control to Vegetation Management in Forestry.
     Shamoun S.F.

A Century of Classical Biological Control of Lantana camara: Can Pathogens Make a Significant Difference?
     Thomas S.E. and Ellison C.A.

Establishment, Spread and Impact of Pareuchaetes pseudoinsulata (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) an Exotic Predator of the Siam Weed, Chromolaena Odorata (Asteraceae: Eupatoriae) in Ghana.
     Timbilla J.A. and Braimah H.

The Life History and Biology of Aphthona russica sp. nov. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae), a Potential Biological Control Agent of Leafy Spurge.
     Volkovitsh M., Dolgovskaya M., Reznik S., Cristofaro M.

Biological Control of Cleavers (Galium spurium and G. aparine) with Pathogenic Fungi – Exploration and Discovery.
     Zhang W. and Bailey K.L.

Isolation and Partial Characterization of Phytotoxins Produced by Exserohilum monoceras, a Potential Bioherbicide for Control of Echinochloa Species.
     Zhang W. and Watson A.K.


Efficacy and Plant Response to Ralstonia solanacearum, a Potential Bioherbicide for Control of Kahili Ginger (Hedychium gardnerianum).
     Anderson R.C. and Gardner D.E.

Biological Control of the Weed Hemp Sesbania with Colletotrichum truncatum.
     Boyette C.D., Jackson M.A., Quimby P.C. Jr., Connick W.J. Jr., Zidack N.K., Abbas H.K., Bryson C.T.

Assays for Predicting Mycoherbicide Formulation Compatibility.
     Byer K.N., Wolf T.M., Caldwell B.C., Bailey K.L.

A New Biocontrol Agent, the Stem Feeder Beetle Thamnurgus euphorbiae Küster (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) from Italy to Control Leafy Spurge in the U.S.
     Campobasso G., Terragitti G., Cristofaro M., Spencer N.R., Mann K.D.

Biological Control of Hypericum androsaemum with Melampsora hypericorum.
     Casonato S.G., Lawrie A.C., McLaren D.A.

Liquid Fermentation, Delivery System, and Efficacy Testing of the Mycoherbicide Fusarium oxysporum M12-4A against Striga hermonthica.
     Ciotola M., DiTommaso A., Letourneau A., Olivier A., Watson A.K.

Vegetation Problems and Biological Control Efforts at U.S. Army Installations.
     Confrancesco A.F.

Water-Dispersible Granules Containing Mycoherbicide Agents.
     Connick W.J. Jr., Daigle D.J., Williams K.S., Lovisa M.P., McAlpine J., Boyette C.D.

Fungi Isolated from Orobanche spp. in Ethiopia, and Their Potential Use for Biological Control.
     Elzein A.E.M., Kroschel J., Admusu A., Fetene M., Müeller-Stöever D.

U.S. Army Pilot Project for Biological Control of Canada Thistle and Spotted Knapweed in Colorado.
     Fritts D.A., Michels G.J., Bible J.B., Romero R.L.

Controlling Canada Thistle with Pseudomonas syringae pv. tagetis: Factors Influencing Efficacy.
     Gronwald J.W., Plaisance K.L., Johnson D.R.

Control of St. John’s Wort and Round-Leaved Mallow in Non-Cultivated Habitats with Colletotrichum gloeosporioides.
     Jensen K.I.N. and Fisher T.

• Successful Biological Control of Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) in Papua New Guinea by the Weevils Neochetinna bruchi and Neochetina eichhorniae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).
     Julien M.H. and Orapa W.

• The Development of Mycoherbicides for the Management of Parasitic Weeds of the Genus Striga and Orobanche – a Review and Recent Results.
     Kroschel J., Müeller-Stöever D., Elzein A., Sauerborn J.

StumpoutTM – Commercial Production of a Fungal Inoculant to Prevent Regrowth of Cut Wattle Stumps in South Africa.
     Lennox C.L., Morris M.J., Wood A.R.

Release and Colonization of the Bindweed Gall Mite, Aceria malherbae: A Field Bindweed Biological Control Program for the Texas High Plains.
     Michels G.J., Fritts D.A., Bible J.B.

Desiccation Tolerance in Microbial Herbicides.
     Montazeri M., Greaves M.P. O’Connell R.J.

Fusarium sp. as a Potential Biocontrol Agent for Egeria densa and Egeria najas.
     Nachtigal G. de F. and Pitelli R.A.

South Dakota Correctional Facility Supports Captive-Rearing Efforts for Biological Control of Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.).
     Pelizza C.

Controlling Leafy Spurge Using Aphthona Flea Beetles: One Year After Mass Release.
     Thompson D.C. and Gardner K.T.

Mycobiota of Centaurea cyanus and Ascochyta doronici as a Probable Agent of the Biocontrol of this Weed.
     Titova J.A., Gasich E.L., Berestetsky A.O.

Field Observations and Biological Notes of the Entomofauna Associated with Convolvulus arvensis L. in Slovakia.
     Toth P., Cristofaro M., Cagan L.

Phytotoxic Metabolites Produced by Drechslera avenacea, a Potential Mycoherbicide of Wild Oats.
     Vurro M., Evidente A., Zonno M.C., Pengue R., Montemurro P., Auld B.

A Passive Sorting Device for Separating Aphthona Species Biological Control Agents of Leafy Spurge from Larger Insects, Seeds and Plant Debris Associated with Crude Insect Sweep Net Collection.
     Ziolkowski H.W. and Richard R.D.

Biological and Molecular Characterization of Ascochyta caulina, a Biocontrol Agent of Chenopodium album.
     Zonno M.C., Mulè G., Vurro M., D’Erchia A.M.

• Denotes Oral Presentations

USDA Forest ServiceUSDA APHIS PPQ The Bugwood Network University of Georgia is a joint project of The Bugwood Network, USDA Forest Service and USDA APHIS PPQ.
The University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forest Resources and
College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Dept. of Entomology
Last updated on Thursday, February 28, 2002 at 02:35 PM
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