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Adaptive management templates and planning examples

The most effective plans are those that are thought out and designed. The resources on this page help with developing weed management plans, working with volunteer networks, creating useful communications and outreach programs, and more.

Natural Area Practitioner Guides for Herbicide Use in Natural Areas 
Do you (and your volunteers) use herbicides to manage invasive plants in your natural areas? If you have ever thought of creating a set of guidelines or recommendations for herbicide use for your project site(s), including a great set of how-to photos, take a look at these two guides created for natural area land stewards by TNC-Ohio's Jennifer Hillmer and Dana Liedtke. These documents were created specifically for TNC-use in Ohio, but they can be easily modified for your own use in your project area! Jenn is now the chief Land Steward at The Holden Arboretum, so we know that these guides are useful for anyone who works with herbicides in natural areas!
Safe Herbicide Handling in Natural Areas: A Guide for Land Stewards and Volunteer Stewards (pdf)
Upkeep and Maintenance of Herbicide Equipment: A Guide for Natural Area Stewards (pdf)

Example of Standard Operating Procedures for Herbicide Use 
If you will be using herbicides and want to develop a set of Standard Operating Procedures for Herbicide Use for your site (that is more specific that those in TNC's Policy and Procedures Manual from 1997), take a look at this set of procedures developed by TNC's Disney Wilderness Preserve in Florida. These procedures also include a contingency plan in case of spills as well as a generalized check sheet.
MS Word version
Adobe Acrobat version

Weed Management Plan Template 
This tool consists of three parts. The first part is an introduction to the philosophy of adaptive management. The second part is the Weed Management Plan Template. With all the boiler-plate language already in place, this template eases the process of making a weed plan. It will help you prioritize the weeds on your preserve. The final component is the Excel workbook to keep track of your work and costs.
1) Introduction: MS Word -or- Adobe Acrobat
2) Template: MS Word -or- Adobe Acrobat
3) Workbook: MS Excel

Cosumnes River Preserve Plan 
If you would like more help in creating a weed plan for your preserve, you can use this model plan we developed for the Cosumnes River Preserve (CRP), a large and complex preserve in central California. This plan is based upon the template. To download it, you will need the plan, the Excel workbook, and (optionally) the maps. This model weed plan is about 700KBytes, so it may take a while to download--but it is worth the wait!
1)CRP Model Weed Pan: MS Word -or- Adobe Acrobat
2)CRP Tables: MS Excel
3a)Optional Maps (.jpg format--high quality, 240K each)
  Blank Map A   Sample Map A
  Blank Map B   Sample Map B
  Blank Map C   Sample Map C
  Blank Map D    
3b)Optional Maps (.gif format--lower quality, 40K each)
  Blank Map A   Sample Map A
  Blank Map B   Sample Map B
  Blank Map C   Sample Map C
  Blank Map D    

Cox Island Preserve Plan 
This weed plan, written by TNC-Oregon's Debbie Pickering, is another guide you can use in creating a plan for your own site. Compared to the Cosumnes River Preserve Weed Plan, this is a much smaller plan (it treats a single small site with only a single serious invasive species threat). However, if this plan is successful it will protect a vastly greater area of Oregon & Washington coastal marshes from invasion by Spartina patens.
Cox Island Weed Plan: MS Word -or- Adobe Acrobat

Voluntary Codes of Conduct in horticulture
All about the set of practices being adopted that will help stop invasions from horticulture.
Weed Information Management System (WIMS)
A fully-integrated hardware and software application for mapping invasives and tracking management actions.
Remote sensing
A review of remote sensing technology, as applied to invasive species detection and mapping.
Invasive species learning networks
Learn about Invasive Species Networks that help promote best practices for invasive species abatement among staff in The Nature Conservancy, partner agencies, and other organizations.
Volunteer coordination and public outreach
Powerpoint presentations on invasive species, weed pamphlets, on developing weed management areas, and more.

Other site resources

Conservation stories
Invasive species management is not impossible. Read these success stories and be inspired.
Assessments and regional plans
Assessments of invasive species issues for various operating units in The Nature Conservancy.
Weed Control Methods Handbook
An electronic handbook provides detailed information on the use of manual and mechanical techniques, grazing, prescribed fire, biocontrol, and herbicides, to help you control undesirable invasive plants.
Join our listserve to voice your frustrations and trumpet your successes.

Updated June 2005
©The Nature Conservancy, 2005