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Plant families: Polemoniaceae-Sambucaceae

  • Polemoniaceae
  • Cobaea,scandens, Weed Science List
  • Collomia,grandiflora,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Collomia,grandiflora, C. coccinea,"Scattered in Central Europe, mostly Germany. N Amer native",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Collomia,grandiflora, Weed Science List
  • Collomia,linearis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gilia,tricolor,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gilia (See Navarretia), "Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Navarretia,intertexta, woolly gilia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Navarretia,squarrosa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Navarretia,squarrosa, Weed Science List
  • Navarretia,squarrosa, skunkweed gilia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polemonium,caeruleum, 90-100% germ of seed collected in natural habitats by following spring; germ in heated greenhouse 8-14C by night & 12-26C by day,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polemonium,cashmerianum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polemonium,delicatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polemonium,liniflorum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polemonium,pauciflorum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polemonium,pulcherrimum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polemonium,yezoense, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygalaceae
  • Muraltia,heisteria,furze muraltia,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Muraltia,heisteria, Weed Science List
  • Polygala,chinensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygala,duartena,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygala,duartena, Weed Science List
  • Polygala,japonica, , Miyasaki ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Polygala,monspeliaca,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygala,monspeliaca, Weed Science List
  • Polygala,myrtifolia,myrtle-leaf milkwort,HHHXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygala,myrtifolia, Myrtle-leaf Milkwort,"Dispersal: Water,Ant. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,3,4,5,8,12","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Polygala,myrtifolia, Weed Science List
  • Polygala,paniculata,w,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygala,paniculata, Weed Science List
  • Polygala,paniculata, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Polygala,paniculata,syn Polygala variabilis,"in wet & not too dry areas, in sunny or slightly to heavily shaded sites; grassy fields, roadsides, borders of estates, in tea plantations, fallow fields; up to 2000m alt; flowers all year round; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance; sometimes l","Brazil, pantropical; inadvertently introd into Java in 1845, has now spread throughout Sumatra, Kalimantan & Irian Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Polygala,virgata,"polygala, purple broom",HXXXXS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygala,virgata, Weed Science List
  • Polygala,vulgaris,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygonaceae
  • Acetosa,sagittata,Rumex sagittatus,climbing sorrel,HXX,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Acetosa,sagittata, Weed Science List
  • Acetosa,sagittatus, Turkey Rhubarb ,GROUNDCOVERS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Acetosa,vesicaria,Rumex vesicarius,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Acetosa,vesicaria, Weed Science List
  • Acetosella,vulgaris,Rumex acetosella,A,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Antigonon,leptopus, "mountain rose, Mexican creeper","tropical Asia, fruit trees, roadsides",French Polynesia; Guam; American Samoa; Western Samoa ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Antigonon,leptopus,"coral vine, Mexican rose",w,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Antigonon,leptopus, Weed Science List
  • Antigonon,leptopus,coral vine,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Brunnichia,cirrhosa, redvine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Coccoloba,acapulcensis, Weed Science List
  • Coccoloba,acapulcensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Coccoloba,schiedeana, Weed Science List
  • Coccoloba,schiedeana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Coccoloba,uvifera, seagrape,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Emex,australis,"spiny emex, three corned jack, doublegee, bull head, cape spinach, cat's head, devil's thorn, goat head, prickly jacks",HXXXX,L,NSW; Vic; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Emex,australis, "spiny emex, three corned jack, doublegee, bull head, cape spinach, cat's head, devil's thorn, goat head, prickly jacks",first record of its entry is that English settlers collected the spinach-like vegetable in the Cape Colony & introd it to WA; it is now common in the agric. areas of all mainland States & is particularly imprt in the N & C wheatbelt of WA where over 1 mil,"native of S Afr where it is widespread & regarded as a weed of cereal crops & vineyards; it is of minor imprt in western US (including Hawaii), Taiwan, Trinidad & NZ but it is in Aust where it has gained most significance as a weed","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Emex,australis, Three corner jack ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Emex,australis, "doublegee, spiny emex, three corner jack", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Emex,australis, emex,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Emex,australis, "doublegee, spiny emex, three corner jack",P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Emex,spinosa,"Lesser Jack, Doublegee",L,WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Emex,spinosa,syn Rumex spinosus,Prickly dock,"fields, orchards, gardens, waste ground, canal banks","Medit, Sahara, W Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Emex,spinosa, "Lesser Jack, Doublegee", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Emex,spinosa, spiny emex,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Emex,spinosa, "Lesser Jack, Doublegee",P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Emex ,australis, Spiny Emex,Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,"S Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Eriogonum,compositum, 12% germ at 20C in dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Eriogonum,deflexum, skeletonweed eriogonum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eriogonum,elatum, 16% germ alt. temp 20-30C in dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Eriogonum,stellatum, 16% germ alt. temp 20-30C in dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Fagopyron,tataricum, Scattered Central & Northern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Fagopyrum,esculentum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Fagopyrum,esculentum, Buckwheat,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Fagopyrum,esculentum, Weed Science List
  • Fagopyrum,tataricum, Tartary buckwheat,"seeds dormant at maturity; dried at 25C for 60-70days before testing; 100% germ within 2-3days, on moist paper towels at 20C in dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Fagopyrum,tataricum, Scattered Central & Northern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Fagopyrum,tataricum, Tartary buckwheat,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fallopia,convolvulus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Fallopia,convolvulus, Climbing Buckwheat,chlorsulfuron 1993 Australia Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Fallopia,convolvulus, Climbing Buckwheat,atrazine 1988 Germany Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Fallopia,convolvulus, Weed Science List
  • Fallopia,japonica, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Fallopia,japonica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Fallopia,japonica, Region of origin - E Asia; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Fallopia,japonica, Japanese knotweed,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Muehlenbeckia,complexa,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Muehlenbeckia,complexa, Weed Science List
  • Muehlenbeckia,complexa, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Muehlenbeckia,ephedrioides,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Muehlenbeckia,ephedrioides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Muehlenbeckia,ephendrioides, Weed Science List
  • Oxygonum,atriplicifolium, Weed Science List
  • Oxygonum,atriplicifolium, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Oxygonum,sinuatum, Weed Science List
  • Oxygonum,sinuatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Persicacria,maculosa,Persciaria,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Persicacria,maculosa, Persciaria,Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,"Eur, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Persicaria,blumei, annual sub-dominance , Upland Korea ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Persicaria,capitata,Polygonum capitatum,persicaria,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Persicaria,capitata, Weed Science List
  • Persicaria,hydropiper, annual dominant weed barley & wheat crops , Upland Korea ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Persicaria,lapathifolia,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Persicaria,maculosa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Persicaria,maculosa, Weed Science List
  • Persicaria,orientalis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Persicaria,orientalis, Weed Science List
  • Persicaria,strigosa, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,acre, Bitter smartweed,75% germ on moist cotton in petri dishes at 20C after 32days,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,acre, bitter smartweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,aequale, Weed in rich site ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Polygonum,amphibian, Amphibious Bistort,Persicaria amphibia,All Europe except UK & Eire,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,amphibian, Amphibious Bistort,Persicaria amphibia,All Europe except UK & Eire,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,amphibium, Water smartweed,"85% germ of surface sterilized seed in 5% formalin for 8min then washed in distilled water; seed coats broken with sterilized instruments, germ in sterilized distilled water at 29C; seeds stored in water at 2C for 23-30wks germ 73% after 30wks wet storage",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,amphibium, water smartweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,arenastrum,Knotweed,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygonum,arenastrum, Knotweed,Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 9,"Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Polygonum,arenastrum, " = P. aequale, P. aviculare (until recently)",Insufficient info,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,arenastrum, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,argyrocoleon, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,argyrocoleon, silversheath knotweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,aubertii, "27% germ of seed stored in soil flats outdoors over winter, then transferred into greenhouse ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,aviculare,wire weed,XXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygonum,aviculare, Polygonum neglectum,Prostrate knotweed,100% germ on moist cotton in petri dishes at room temps after seeds stored in water at 3C for 150days; 93% germ after 15wks storage in water at 2-4C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,aviculare, Knotgrass,All Europe & Temp zones,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,aviculare, Prostrate knotweed,amitrole 1984 Belgium Apple , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Polygonum,aviculare, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,aviculare, Weed in rich site , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Polygonum,aviculare, "knotweed, hogweed, wireweed, ironweed, knotgrass","Polygonum aviculare is an ubiquitous species, it commonly forms mats in areas of heavy foot traffic where other species have been eliminated but is also a frequent weed in cropland. It is a weed of 37 crops in 67 countries and is frequently reported as ",native of Eur and Asia; found in most temperate and subtropical countries,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Polygonum,aviculare, prostrate knotweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,barbatum,syn ,"knot grass, smartweed","in pools, marshy grasslands, borders of ditches & irrigation ditches; rather common in many areas; from 0-1200m (2000m in PNG); flowers all year round; lowland-irrigated & lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, used in W. Java as a fish poison (ex","Asia or Afr, Afr, Asia to Aust; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Polygonum,bellardii,"syn P. neglectum , P. provincale , P. rurivagum , P.aviculare var. angustissimum , P.novoascanicum , P. kitaibelianum ",narrow-leaf knotweed,P,Previously indentified as P. patulum in Australia,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,bistortoides, American bistort,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,blumei, Weeds of sown grassland Weed in rich site ,Shimane Shizuoka Upland Japan Hokkaido Miyagi Niigata ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Polygonum,caespitosum, var. laxiflorum Polygonum yokusaianum,30% only germ with alt. 25-45C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,caespitosum,bunchy knotweed,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Polygonum,calcatum, P. aviculare (until recently),Insufficient info,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,calcatum, P. aviculare (until recently),Insufficient info,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,chinense, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,chinense, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,cilinode, Blackfringe knotweed,removal of pericarp seeds germ after 8-22wks of stratification (seeds between layers of moist cotton at 2-4C); ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,cilinode, blackfringe knotweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,coccineum, Kelp ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Polygonum,coccineum, Polygonum muhlenbergii,Swamp smartweed,"propagated vegetatively by transplanting rhizomes;store seed in water at 4C for 4wks, germ at 20-30C alt. ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,coccineum, swamp smartweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,convolvulus, Bilderdykia convolvulus,Wild buckwheat,"seed dry stored in lab germ 34% in 6days, prechilling moist seed at 6C for 20days, then germ at 20C constant 90% germ, 89% within 6days at 20-30C; removal of pericarp inc. germ %",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,convolvulus, Black Bindweed,"Bilderdykia convolvulus, Fallopia convolvulus, Fagopyrum convolvulus, Tiniaria convolvulus",All Europe & Temp zones,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,convolvulus, Black Bindweed,"Bilderdykia convolvulus, Fallopia convolvulus, Fagopyrum convolvulus, Tiniaria convolvulus",All Europe & Temp zones,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,convolvulus, Field bindweed,atrazine 1980 Austria Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Polygonum,convolvulus, wild buckwheat,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,coriarium, report in Russian,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,cuspidatum, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Polygonum,cuspidatum, Japanese Knotweed ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Polygonum,cuspidatum, Japanese knotweed,"5mths dry storage at room temp or 3mths at 2-4C in water, moist peat or between layers of moist cotton broke dormancy",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,cuspidatum, (syn. ?) Japanese knotweed ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Polygonum,cuspidatum, Japanese knotweed,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Polygonum,cuspidatum, , Miyagi Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Polygonum,cuspidatum, Japanese knotweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,cuspidatum,"Japanese knotweed, Japanese grass",RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Polygonum,douglassi, little or no germ obtained in study conducted,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,dumetorum, prechilling moist seed at 2-4C up to 5mths after harvest inc. germ; removal of pericarp decreased stratification and after ripening time; 5min acid treatment remove pericarp,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,equisetiforme,syn ,Horsetail knotgrass,"waste ground, roadsides, field borders, canal banksEaten by goats","Medit, W Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Polygonum,erectum, Erect knotweed,cold stratification at 2-4C for 3-4mths of moist seed; low germ % obtained when seed chilled in water ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,erectum, erect knotweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,glabrum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygonum,heterophyllum, P. aviculare (until recently),Insufficient info,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,heterophyllum, P. aviculare (until recently),Insufficient info,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,higegaweri, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,higegaweri, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,hydropiper, Marsh pepper smartweed,50% germ when prechilled at 2C in water immediately after harvest ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,hydropiper, Waterpepper,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,hydropiper, Waterpepper,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,hydropiper, Marshpepper Smartweed,triazines 1989 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Polygonum,hydropiper, annual dominance ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Polygonum,hydropiper, "water pepper, marshpepper smartweed, smartweed, red shank","Polygonum hydropiper, an annual plant is commonly encountered in shallow marshes, poorly drained fields, canal and ditch banks, and other areas of wet soil. It is a weed of 25 crops in nearly 52 countries and is frequently reported a weed of lowland ric",native to Eurasia,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Polygonum,hydropiper, marshpepper smartweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,hydropiperoides, Mild smartweed,"cold stratification at 2-4C or 10C between layes of moist cotton; germ at 20-30C after 4, 14, & 21 wks of stratification; treatment for 10min with conc. sulfuric acid decreases stratification period & inc. germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,hydropiperoides, mild smartweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,lapathifolium," Polygonum tomentosum, Persicaria lapathifolium",Pale smartweed,"prechilling at 2-4C in water for 1-4wks inc. germ; 0.2% soln of KNO3 instead of water reduced length of cold treatment; germ on quartz sand kept moist in petri dishes at alt. 2-10C to 35C for 10days, then 20-30C thereafter; optimum temp 40C; 79% after 3yr",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,lapathifolium, Pale Persicaria,"P. nodosum, P. scabrum, P. linicola, Persicaria lapathifolia",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,lapathifolium, Pale Persicaria,"P. nodosum, P. scabrum, P. linicola, Persicaria lapathifolia",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,lapathifolium, Pale Smartweed,atrazine 1982 Czech Republic Railway , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Polygonum,lapathifolium, Pale Smartweed,atrazine 1988 Germany Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Polygonum,lapathifolium, Pale Smartweed,atrazine 1991 Spain Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Polygonum,lapathifolium, Pale Smartweed,triazines 1979 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Polygonum,lapathifolium, "Similiar weed risk as Polygonum persicaria but much better "Climate" fit to South West, Great Southern regions.",Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,lapathifolium, "pale knotweed, pale smartweed, pale persicaire, willow weed, pale willow weed","Polygonum lapathifolium is an annual, common in cultivated land, roadsides, and waste areas, especially along streams, ditch banks and in other wet poorly drained areas.It is a weed of 31 crops in 54 countries and is frequently reported as a weed of whe",native to Eur; now widespread through the temperate regions,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Polygonum,lapathifolium, pale smartweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,lapathifolium, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,longisetum, Persicaria blumei,97% germ with alt. temps of 5-25C in 10days; germ % inc. significantly with cold stratification,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,longisetum, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,longisetum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,minus, Small Waterpepper,Persicaria hydropiper,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,minus, Small Waterpepper,Persicaria hydropiper,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,mite, Tasteless Waterpepper,All Europe except NE & Scandinavia,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,mite, Tasteless Waterpepper,All Europe except NE & Scandinavia,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,monspeliense, P. aviculare (until recently),Insufficient info,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,monspeliense, P. aviculare (until recently),Insufficient info,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,nepalense, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,nepalense, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,nodosum, Polygonum petecticale,"has long after ripening period, strong inhibition of pericarp, must remove; 60% germ of 1yr old dry stored nuts ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,nodosum, Weed in rich site , Upland Japan Hokkaido Okayama ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Polygonum,nodosum, ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Polygonum,orientale, Princes feather,prechilling at 2-4C for 4wks on moist cotton inc. germ %,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,orientale, princesfeather,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,orientale,Prince's feather,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Polygonum,paronychia, 99% germ of seed after stratification between layers of moist cotton at 2-4C for 6wks,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,patulum,Tree hogweed,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygonum,patulum,= P. bellardii in Australia,Tree hogweed,Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,patulum,= P. bellardii in Australia,Tree hogweed,Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,patulum, Tree hogweed,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweed,"storing seed in water at 2-4C for 4wks or longer, good germ by placing water at alt. temp from 2C:16hrs to 35C:8hrs for 21 days then placed on quartz sand & kept moist in petri dish & germ at alt. 10-35C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweed,atrazine 1990 USA Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Polygonum,pensylvanicum, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,pensylvanicum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,perfoliatum, "mile-a-minute weed, devil's tail tearthumb",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Polygonum,perfoliatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,persicaria, Ladys thumb,"conc. sulfuric acid 15min, rinse half hr in running water, prechill between blotters in petri dishes, using 0.2% KNO3 as moistening agent at 5C for 1 wk, then germ at 20C:16hrs to 20C:8hrs",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,persicaria, Redshank,Persicaria vulgaris,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,persicaria, Ladysthumb ,atrazine 1980 New Zealand Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Polygonum,persicaria, Ladysthumb ,atrazine 1989 Czech Republic Railway , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Polygonum,persicaria, Ladysthumb ,triazines 1980 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Polygonum,persicaria, "persicaria, lady's thumb, spotted lady's thumb, redshank, willow weed, ladysthumb smartweed","Polygonum persicaria is an annual herb, adapted to many edaphic and environmental conditions and is most common in moist soils, disturbed sites, waste areas and cereal and vegetable crops. It grows so densely as to completely crowd out other plants.It i",native to Eur; now widespread through the world,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Polygonum,persicaria, ladysthumb,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,persicaria,lady' thumb,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Polygonum,plebeium,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygonum,plebeium,syn ,Nile and canal banks,"E Asia & Aust; most probably introduced into Egypt, Sudan, & E. Afr","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Polygonum,polystachyum, Himalayan Knotweed ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Polygonum,polystachyum, (syn. ?) ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Polygonum,punctatum,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polygonum,punctatum, Dotted smartweed,80-92% germ after prechilling at 4C between moist paper towels for 10-18wks,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,punctatum, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,punctatum, dotted smartweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,punctatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,robustius, "68% germ after prechilling at 2-4C between layers of moist cotton for 18wks; seeds dry stored for 5mths germ 95%, after 12wks storage in water at 2-4C with pericarps removed",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,sachalenese, (syn. ?) Sakhalian knotweed ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Polygonum,sachalinense, Giant Knotweed ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Polygonum,sachalinense, Sakhalin knotweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,sachalinense,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Polygonum,sagittatum, "prechilling moist seeds at 2-4C for 4-12wks; seed dry stored for 4mths, germ well after 7wk chilling period",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,salicifolium,syn ,Willow-leaved knotweed,"Nile and canal banks, in shallow water",trop. & subtrop. regions of the world,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Polygonum,scabrum, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,scabrum, green smartweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,scabrum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,scandens, Bilderdykia scandens,Hedge smartweed,"seeds dry stored at room temp for several mths, required less time to after-ripen, when chilled at 2-4C; removal of pericarp inc. germ %",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,scandens, hedge smartweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,segetum, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,segetum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,senegalense,syn ,"Nile and major canal banks, often with thick growth","Egypt, trop. & S Afr, Madagascar","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Polygonum,senticosum, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,senticosum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,setaceum, bristly smartweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polygonum,soo, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,tenuiflorum, Persicaria tenuiflora,soaking seed for 24hrs in 1-2% soln of thiourea effective in breaking dormancy,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polygonum,thunbergii, Weed Science List
  • Polygonum,thunbergii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polygonum,tomentosum, P. pallidum,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,tomentosum, P. pallidum,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Polygonum,virginianum, 88% germ after seed stored for 91days at 3C on cotton saturated with water; germ at room temp 20C on moist cotton in petri dishes,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Reynoutria,japonica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Reynoutria,japonica, Weed Science List
  • Reynoutria,sachalinensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,abyssinicus, Weed Science List
  • Rumex,abyssinicus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rumex,acetosa,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,acetosa, Sorrel,"92% germ 2mths after harvest in light at 20C & 91% in dark; 30C germ 0% in dark & 27% in light, at 20C:16hrs & 30C:8hrs germ was 85% in dark & 83% in light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,acetosa, Common Sorrel,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rumex,acetosa, sorrel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,acetosa, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rumex,acetosella,Sheep Sorrel,HAX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,acetosella, Sheep Sorrel,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,9,12,15","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,Med, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rumex,acetosella, Red sorrel,"inc. length of time of dry storage, inc. germ% & germ time dec; max germ with alt. 20C:16hrs to 30C:8hrs, but constant 20 or 30C were slightly less effective",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,acetosella, Sheep's Sorrel,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rumex,acetosella, Red sorrel ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Rumex,acetosella, Sorrel,Weed Science List
  • Rumex,acetosella, Weed in poor site ,Shimane Upland Japan Hokkaido Miyagi Niigata Oita ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Rumex,acetosella, "sorrel, sheep's sorrel, red sorrel, small sorrel","Rumex acetosella, often called sheep or red sorrel, is a perennial plant that reproduces by seed and by aerial shoots arising from adventitious root buds.It is now a weed of 45 crops in 70 countries and a serious weed of cereals, carrots and pastures in"," It is in most agricultural land north of the equator, is troublesome in Aust, and NZ, and is found on islands in the Arctic and Sub-antarctic regions. It is generally distributed as a weed of agriculture in Eur; N, C & S Amer; and Asia with the exceptio",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Rumex,acetosella, red sorrel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,acutus, Weed Science List
  • Rumex,acutus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rumex,altissimus, Pale dock,2mth old seed 90% germ on moist blotters at alt. 20-30C in light or dark; 81% germ at 30C in light & 0% in dark; 20C germ 8% light & 0% dark; 2yr old seed 94% germ at alt. 20-30C in light/dark; seeds germ 94% after 4yrs air tight storage,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,altissimus, pale dock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,bequaerti, Weed Science List
  • Rumex,bequaerti, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rumex,brownii,"swamp dock, brown dock, hooked dock, slender dock",XXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,brownii, "swamp dock, brown dock, hooked dock, slender dock","several of the docks accumulate oxalate in their stems & leaves & this can be toxic, most poisoning occurring when starving animals are exposed to an abundance of the plants; agric. docks are extremely troublesome in arable, hort. & pastoral lands, also m","native to Aust & has been introd to Britain, NZ, Hawaii & a number of other Pacific islands","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Rumex,brownil, swamp dock,Weed Science List
  • Rumex,bucephalophorus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,bucephalophorus, Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rumex,bucephalophorus, Weed Science List
  • Rumex,conglomeratus,"clustered dock, sharp dock",HX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,conglomeratus, Clustered Dock,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8,9,11,13","cosmopolitan, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rumex,conglomeratus, "clustered dock, sharp dock","although many docks accumulate oxalates, unpalatability & a digestibility of only 60% limit gastric problems, though suspected of poisoning sheep in NSW; agriculturally they are extremely troublesome in arable, hort. & pastoral lands, in recreational area","this almost cosmopolitan species is a native of the Euro-Asian region; introd into N & S Amer, Afr, NZ & a number of Pacific islands & Aust","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Rumex,conglomeratus, clustered dock,Weed Science List
  • Rumex,conglomeratus, cluster dock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,crispus,curled dock,HX,NL,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,crispus, Curled Dock,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8,9,11,14","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rumex,crispus, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Rumex,crispus, Curly dock,"2mth old seed 94% germ in light at alt. 20C:16hrs to 30C:8hrs & 24% in dark, at 20C 2% dark & 87% light; 2yr old seed 100% germ in light at 20C & 0% in dark; conc. sulfuric acid for 5-10 min or abrading with fine sandpaper inc germ in dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,crispus, Curled Dock,"All Europe, Cosmopolitan",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rumex,crispus, curled dock,"although many docks accumulate oxalates, unpalatability & a digestibility of only 60% limit gastric problems; agric. they are extremely troublesome in arable, hort. & pastoral lands, in recreational areas such as playing fields & in urban gardens; they de","Eur-Asian origin, occurring throughout the Eur subcontinent from the Medit region northwards to the Artic Circle & beyond in Scandinavia & the Soviet Union & eastwards through montane Asia to Japan; introd to N & S Amer, Afr, Indonesia, PNG, NZ & Aust, cu","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Rumex,crispus, Curly dock ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Rumex,crispus, curled dock,Weed Science List
  • Rumex,crispus, curly dock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,dentatus,syn ,Dentated dock,"fields, canal banks, moist ground","Medit, Eur, Asia, extending to some subtrop. & trop. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Rumex,domesticus, seeds germ at once after harvest or following spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; total germ100%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,domesticus, Weed Science List
  • Rumex,domesticus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rumex,frutescens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,frutescens, Weed Science List
  • Rumex,hastatalus, heartwing sorrel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,hastatulus, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Rumex,hydrolapathum, seeds germ at once after harvest or following spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; total germ86%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,hymenosepalus, Weed Science List
  • Rumex,hymenosepalus, canaigre,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,japonicus, Weed Science List
  • Rumex,japonicus, perennial sub-dominance , Upland Korea ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Rumex,japonicus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rumex,longifolius, Northern Dock,R. domesticus,"North to West Europe, Scandinavia & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rumex,longifolius, Weed Science List
  • Rumex,longifolius, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rumex,maritimus, "seeds germ at once after harvest or following spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; total germ99%;1yr old seed 89% at alt. 20-30C with alt. light/dark, 80% with alt. 20-30C in dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,mexicanus, Mexican dock,2mth old seed 95% germ on moistened blotters in petri dishes at 20-30C alt. in light; 2yr old seed germ 95% at alt. 20-30C in light; 3yr old seed 86% germ at alt. 20-30C in light,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,mexicanus, Mexican dock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,obtusifolius,broadleaf dock,X,NL,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,obtusifolius, Broadleaf dock,"2mth old seed 98% germ on moistened blotters in petri dishes at alt. 20Cin light & 1% in dark; alt. 20-30C in light 97% germ & 18% dark; 2yr old seed at 20C in light 95% & 7% in dark, 100% germ with alt. 20-30C in dark & 97% in light;65% for 9yr old seed",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,obtusifolius, Broad Leaved Dock,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rumex,obtusifolius, broadleaf dock,"although many docks accumulate oxalates, unpalatability & a digestibility of only 60% limit gastric problems; agric. they are extremely troublesome in arable, hort. & pastoral lands, in recreational areas such as playing fields & in urban gardens; they de","Eur-Asian origin, occurring throughout the Eur subcontinent from the Medit region northwards to the Artic Circle & beyond in Scandinavia & the Soviet Union & eastwards through montane Asia to Japan; introd to N & S Amer, Afr, Indonesia, PNG, NZ & Aust, br","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Rumex,obtusifolius, broadleaf dock,Weed Science List
  • Rumex,obtusifolius, Weed in rich site ,Shimane Shizuoka Hokkaido Miyagi Niigata Oita Okayama Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Rumex,obtusifolius, broadleaf dock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,occidentalis, western dock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,orbiculatus, 2mth old seed 92% germ with alt. 20-30C in light & 73% in dark; 2yr old seed 92% in light & 90% in dark with alt. 20-30C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,patientia, patience dock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,pulcher,"fiddle dock, fiddleleaf dock, red dock",N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,pulcher,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,pulcher,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,pulcher,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,pulcher, Fiddle Dock,"Except NE Europe Norway, Finland & N Sweden- All Europe less in Eire, Denmark & S Sweden",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rumex,pulcher, "fiddle dock, fiddleleaf dock, red dock","although many docks accumulate oxalates, unpalatability & a digestibility of only 60% limit gastric problems; agric. they are extremely troublesome in arable, hort. & pastoral lands, in recreational areas such as playing fields & in urban gardens; they de","is a native of the Medit region & has been introd to N Amer, where it has become widely spread in the southern US & California & also to S Amer, S Afr, NZ & Aust","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Rumex,pulcher, fiddle dock,Weed Science List
  • Rumex,pulcher, fiddleleaf dock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,sachalinensis, germ % inc. by low temp stratification,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,sagittatus,climbing dock,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,sagittatus, Climbing Dock,"Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,6,8,13","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rumex,sagittatus, Weed Science List
  • Rumex,salicifolia, willow dock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,salicifolius, Willow dock,good germ with alt. 20-30C on moistened blotters,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,sanguineus, Rumex nemorosus,seeds germ at once after harvest or following spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; total germ51%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Rumex,stenophyllus, "Central to Eastern Europe, less Denmark, S Sweden & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rumex,stenophyllus, "Central to Eastern Europe, less Denmark, S Sweden & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rumex,tenax, Weed Science List
  • Rumex,thyrsiflorus, compact dock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,venosus, Veiny dock,seed dry stored at room temp for 3mths then planted directly into greenhouse only 20% germ or in moist sand outdoors exposed to prevailing winter weather germ 87% within 1mth,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,venosus, veiny dock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rumex,verticillatus, 2mth old seed germ 91% in light with alt. 20-30C & 87% in dark; 2yr old seed germ 91% in light & 88% in dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rumex,vesicarius,Bladder Dock,HHH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rumex,vesicarius, Bladder Dock,Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,"Introduced deliberately from: W As,N Af, In Victoria: ?Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rumex,vesicarius, Weed Science List
  • Rumex,x pratensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Triplaris,spp.,ant tree,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polypodiaceae
  • Athyrium,thelypteroides, silvery spleenwort,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Dennstaedtia,punctilobula, hayscented fern,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Diplazium,japonicum, Weed Science List
  • Diplazium,japonicum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Onoclea,sensibilis, sensitive fern,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Osmunda,cinnamomea, cinnamon fern,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polystichum,munitum, western swordfern,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Woodwardia,areolata, netvein chainfern,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pontederiaceae
  • Eichhorina,crassipes, Water hyacinth,"vegetative propagation in water at temps of 21-27C; seeds germ in water at 21-27C during day & 21C night, seeds stored in water in lab for 2mths prior germ; removal of cap at pointed end of seed inc. germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Eichhornia,azurea,anchored water hyacinth,X,L,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eichhornia,azurea, Weed Science List
  • Eichhornia,azurea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eichhornia,crassipes, water hyacinth,"tropical America, lakes, rivers, waterways",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Fed. States of Micronesia; Guam; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Eichhornia,crassipes, water hyacinth,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Eichhornia,crassipes,"Eichhornia speciosa, Pontederia crassipes",water hyacinth,XXXHHH,NL,NSW; Vic; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eichhornia,crassipes, Water Hyacinth ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Eichhornia,crassipes, Water Hyacinth,Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Floating aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 10,"Introduced deliberately from: D and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Eichhornia,crassipes," Eichhornia speciosa, Pontederia crassipes",water hyacinth,"is regarded as one of the most serious weeds of the world; reproduces at more than 1 tonne of dry matter/day/ha, making waterways impassable, fouls hydro-electric generators & chokes irrigation systems, cause a large waste of water by transpiration ","plant of the New World originating in the Amazon River basin of S Amer; spread to all trop & subtrop countries; introd to USA, S Afr, Aust & NZ, dominates in India, Pak, Bangladesh, Burma, Indo, Maly, Thai, PNG, Philip, Jap, & several Afr states","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Eichhornia,crassipes, water hyacinth,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Eichhornia,crassipes, water hyacinth,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigation.Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: dams, slow-flowing riversCultivated for: ornament",Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Eichhornia,crassipes, water hyacinth,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigation.Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: dams, slow-flowing riversCultivated for: ornament",Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Eichhornia,crassipes, Water hyacinth N # ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mo","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Eichhornia,crassipes, water hyacinth, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Eichhornia,crassipes, " Aquatic weed, free-floating Ornamental ",Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Eichhornia,crassipes,"syn Eichhornia speciosa, Pontederia crassipes",water hyacinth,"on stagnant or slow-moving shallow water of ponds, lagoons, watercourses, rivers, fishponds; persisting on water-saturated soils; often floating down the rivers in large mats, dying in salt water; flowering intermittently, often gregariously; in Java from","Brazil, pantropical, also in the subtropics; imported in 1894 by the Botanical Gardens of Bogor, Java as an ornamental & fishpond cover; has spread out to Sumatra, Kalimantan & Irian Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eichhornia,crassipes, waterhyacinth,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eichhornia,crassipes, water hyacinth,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eichhornia,crassipes*,water hyacinth,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.*P =Prohibited by Flo",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Eichhornia,natans, Weed Science List
  • Eichhornia,natans, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eichnornia,crassipes, Waterhyacinth, Japan Thailand,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Heteranthera,dubia, Water stargrass,86% germ cold stored seed in water for 7mths; prechilled for 30days prior to germ in greenhouse in tap water in diffuse light; vegetative propagation by imbeddeding basipetal ends of stem in soil in an aquaria filled with tap water,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Heteranthera,dubia, Weed Science List
  • Heteranthera,dubia, waterstargrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Heteranthera,dubia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heteranthera,limosa, ducksalad,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Heteranthera,reniformis, mudplantain,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Heteranthera,spp., P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hydrothrix,spp., P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Monochoria,hastata, ", ", Fiji ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Monochoria,hastata,syn Pontederia hastata,"in areas with a pronounced dry season, but also in wetter ones; in marshy or inundated, sunny sites; in & along ditches, dies when the fields are dry, but develops again from seed; in Java 0-700m alt; lebak rice fields, less common than Monochoria vaginal","E Asia, tropical S & SE Asia, Malesia, N Aust; thoughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands & the Moluccas","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Monochoria,korsakoii, Mizuaoi ,sulfonylureas 1994 Japan Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Monochoria,vaginalis, annual dominance , Thailand Taiwan Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Monochoria,vaginalis,"syn Monochoria africana, Monochoria brevipetiolata, Monochoria linearis, Monochoria plantaginea, Pontederia vaginalis","in areas with a pronounced dry season, but also in wetter ones; in marshy or inundated, sunny sites; in & along ditches, dies when the fields are dry, but develops again from seed; in Java from 0-1550m alt; flowers all year round; in all kinds of rice fie","Asia, SE Asia to China & Japan, Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Pontederia,cordata,pickerel weed,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pontederia,cordata, Pickerel Weed,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 10","Introduced deliberately from: E N Am and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pontederia,cordata, Pickerel weed,"good germ obtained after 5-7mths storage in tap water at 1-3C; 51-71% germ of dry stored seed at room temp for 5-7mths; pretreat in tap water at 1-3C for 30days, then germ in tap water in diffuse light on greenhouse bench",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Pontederia,cordata, Weed Science List
  • Pontederia,cordata, pickerelweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pontederia,rotundifolia,tropical pickerel Weed,L,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pontederia,rotundifolia, Weed Science List
  • Pontederia,rotundifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Zosterella,dubia, syn. Heteranthera dubia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Portulacaceae
  • Calandrinia,caulescens var. menziesii, redmaids rockpurslane,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Calandrinia,menziesii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Calandrinia,menziesii, Weed Science List
  • Claytonia,perfoliata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Claytonia,perfoliata, Weed Science List
  • Montia,fontana, Blinks,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Montia,perfoliata, minerslettuce,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Montia,perfoliata, Winter Purslane,Claytonia perfoliata,Scattered Western Europe & UK,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Montia,perfoliata, Winter Purslane,Claytonia perfoliata,Scattered Western Europe & UK,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Montia,perfoliata, Winter Purslane,P,Claytonia perfoliata,Scattered Western Europe & UK,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Portulaca,formosana, Weed Science List
  • Portulaca,formosana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Portulaca,grandiflora,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Portulaca,grandiflora, Weed Science List
  • Portulaca,oleracea, "pigweed, purslane",", vegetables",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; FEd. States of Micronesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands ; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Portulaca,oleracea,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Portulaca,oleracea, Common purslane,"germ at 20-30C alt. in diffuse light; germ capacity inc. during dry storage; conc. sulfuric acid treatment for 1min of 1wk old seed inc. germ %; soaking 1-2% thiourea soln inc. germ; 72-82% germ with prechilling at 3-5C for 1mth, then 20-30C alt.",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Portulaca,oleracea, Purslane,Mainland Europe & UK except Denmark,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Portulaca,oleracea, Common Purslane,linuron 1991 USA Carrot , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Portulaca,oleracea,syn ,Purslane,"gardens, orchards, fields, waste ground""Plant used as a vegetable & salad. Folk medicine, the cataplasm of fresh leaves used for maturing abscesses. Whole plant is an emollient, calmative, diuretic, vermifuge, & refreshing agent""","cosmopolitan weed, especially in warm temp. regions","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Portulaca,oleracea, annual dominant weed in crops , Upland Korea Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Portulaca,oleracea,syn Portulaca sativa,purslane,"anthropomorphous, in open places, prefers moist fertile soils, sunny or slightly shaded, not marshy sites; near human dwellings, arable lands, roadsides, old walls, refuse heaps in yound plantations; from 0-2700m alt; flowers all year round; flowers open ","India or N Afr, pantropic & in the subtropics; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Portulaca,oleracea, common purslane,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Portulaca,pilosa,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Portulaca,pilosa, Weed Science List
  • Portulaca,quadrifida,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Portulaca,quadrifida, Weed Science List
  • Portulaca,quadrifida, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Talinum,paniculatum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Talinum,paniculatum, Weed Science List
  • Potamogetonaceae
  • Potamogeton,acutifolius, Weed Science List
  • Potamogeton,amplifolius, largeleaf pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,crispus,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Potamogeton,crispus, "curly pondweed, curled pondweed, curlyleaf pondweed","Potamogeton crispus is a monocotyledon, submerged perennial herb, and is a serious weed of general waterways, including the mains and canals of irrigation systems and small and large lakes, sloughs and jheels. It is also a weed of impoundments but it al",widespread through the world,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Potamogeton,crispus, curlyleaf pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,crispus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Potamogeton,crispus,curly pondweed,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Potamogeton,crisupus, Crisp Leaved Pondweed ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Potamogeton,distinctus, Weed Science List
  • Potamogeton,distinctus, "perennial dominance, sub-dominance ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Potamogeton,distinctus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Potamogeton,diversifolius, Weed Science List
  • Potamogeton,diversifolius, waterthread pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,diversifolius, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Potamogeton,epihydrus, ribbonleaf pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,filiformis, fineleaf pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,foliosus, Weed Science List
  • Potamogeton,foliosus, leafy pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,foliosus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Potamogeton,gayii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Potamogeton,illinoensis, Illinois pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,natans,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Potamogeton,natans, Weed Science List
  • Potamogeton,natans, "broad-leaved pondweed, floatingleaf pondweed","Potamogeton natans is a monocotyledon, submerged perennial herb, and is a serious weed of general waterways, including the mains and canals of irrigation systems and small and large lakes, sloughs and jheels. It is also a weed of impoundments but it als",widespread through the world,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Potamogeton,natans, floatingleaf pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,natans, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Potamogeton,nodosus, Potamogeton americanus,"vegetative propagation of winter buds; stored in water at 1-5C for several mths; seeds germ in tap water in diffuse light on greenhouse bench, good germ after several mths to 1yr storage in water at 1-3C; dry stored seed 19% germ after seed coat cut",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potamogeton,nodosus, Weed Science List
  • Potamogeton,nodosus, American pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,nodosus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Potamogeton,ochreatus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Potamogeton,pectinatus,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Potamogeton,pectinatus, Sago pondweed,"vegetative propagation of tubers; seeds stored in water 1-3C for 7mths then germ in tap water in diffuse light on greenhouse bench; seeds dry stored for 5mths germ 21% when seed coat cut; 53% germ in 2days with seed coat broken, in water at 29C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potamogeton,pectinatus, "fennel pondweed, sago pondweed, fennel-leaved pondweed, bushy pondweed","Potamogeton pectinatus is a monocotyledon, submerged perennial herb, and is a serious weed of general waterways, including the mains and canals of irrigation systems and small and large lakes, sloughs and jheels. It is also a weed of impoundments but it",widespread through the world,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Potamogeton,pectinatus, sago pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,pectinatus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Potamogeton,praelongus, whitestem pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,pusillus, small pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,richardsonii, Richardson pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,robbinsii, flatleaf pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,spp., store in water at 1-3C for 2-6mths prior germ in tap water in diffuse light on greenhouse bench,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potamogeton,spp., Pondweed," Aquatic weed, submerged ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Potamogeton,strictifolius, narrowleaf pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,tricarinatus,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Potamogeton,tricarinatus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Potamogeton,vaginatus, giant pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potamogeton,zosterifolius, flatstem pondweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Primulaceae
  • Anagallis,arvensis,Pimpernel,HXH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anagallis,arvensis, Pimpernel,"Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1-5,8,9,12,13,","Introduced deliberately from: Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Anagallis,arvensis, Scarlet pimpernel,optimum temp range for germ 7-20C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Anagallis,arvensis, Scarlet Pimpernel,"A. phoenicea, A. latifolia, A. platyphylla, A. parviflora",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Anagallis,arvensis,syn ,Pimpernel,"fields, gardens, orchards","Medit, Eru, W Asia; introduced into many temp. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Anagallis,arvensis, Weed Science List
  • Anagallis,arvensis, scarlet pimpernel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Anagallis,caerulea, optimum temp range for germ 13-20C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Anagallis,foemina, Blue Pimpernel,"A. caerulea, A. arvensis subsp. foemina, A. arvensis subsp. caerulea",Central to Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Anagallis,foemina, Blue Pimpernel,"A. caerulea, A. arvensis subsp. foemina, A. arvensis subsp. caerulea",Central to Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Anagallis,minima,Chaffweed,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anagallis,minima, Chaffweed,"Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5","Eur, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Anagallis,minima, Chaffweed,Centunculus minimus,Medit regions,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Anagallis,minima, Weed Science List
  • Anagallis,parviflora,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anagallis,pumila,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anagallis,pumila, Weed Science List
  • Androsace,diffusa, dry stored seed germs at room temp (22-29C) on moist filterpaper in Petri dishes,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Androsace,elongata, "Mainland Europe except Italy, Denmark & Greece",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Androsace,elongata, "Mainland Europe except Italy, Denmark & Greece",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Androsace,maxima, A. turczaninowii,Mainland Europe except Greece & Denmark,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Androsace,maxima, A. turczaninowii,Mainland Europe except Greece & Denmark,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Androsace,septentrionalis, subsp. puberulenta ,Northern rockjasmine,"complete germ of fresh seeds treated with conc. H2SO4 for 20min, then germ at 18C in constant dark; dormancy up to 18mths, then may germ with no treatment ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Androsace,septentrionalis, "Central & Northern Europe, inc Italy & Scandinavia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Androsace,septentrionalis, "Central & Northern Europe, inc Italy & Scandinavia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Androsace,septentrionalis, northern rockjasmine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Asterolinon,linum-stellatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Asterolinon,linum-stellatum, A. stellatum,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Asterolinon,linum-stellatum, Weed Science List
  • Glaux ,maritima, seeds germ in 1st spring after harvest; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors;95% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Hottonia,palustris, water violet,"some seed germ immediately after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in water unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lysimachia,clethroides, annual dominance , Miyagi Niigata ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Lysimachia,japonica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lysimachia,japonica, ,Shimane Niigata Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Lysimachia,nummularia,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lysimachia,nummularia, "moneywort, creeping jenny",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Lysimachia,nummularia, moneywort,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lysimachia,nummularia,moneywort,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Lysimachia,thyrsiflora, seeds germ in 1st spring after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 96% germ ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lysimachia,vulgaris,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lysimachia,vulgaris,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lysimachia,vulgaris, seeds germ in 1st & 2nd spring after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 71% germ; seed coat ruptured 60% germ within 6days,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lysimachia,vulgaris, Garden loosestrife ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Lysimachia,vulgaris, Weed Science List
  • Primula,scotica, optimum conditions of germ are provided by mineral soil with high water-table & rich in CaCO3,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Primula,veris,Primula officinalis,seeds germ in 1st spring after collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; germ 98%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Samolus,osiris, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Samolus,valerandi,brookweed,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Samolus,valerandi, seeds germ at once after harvest or following spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; total germ 100%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Samolus,valerandi, Weed Science List
  • Proteaceae
  • Banksia,caleyi,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dryandra,formosa,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Grevillea,arenaira,Grey Grevillea,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Grevillea,arenaira, Grey Grevillea,Dispersal: ?Ant. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,"Introduced deliberately from: NSW and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Grevillea,banksii, kahili flower,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Grevillea,floribunda,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Grevillea,hybrids,Grevillea Hybrids,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Grevillea,hybrids, Grevillea Hybrids,"Dispersal: ?Ant. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,","Introduced deliberately from: garden origin and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Grevillea,robusta,silky oak,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Grevillea,robusta, silkyoak,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Grevillea,robusta, Australian silky oak,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, moist savanna, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, shade, timber, shelter",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Grevillea,robusta, Australian silky oak,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, moist savanna, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, shade, timber, shelter",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Grevillea,rosmarinifolia,rosemary grevillea,HXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Grevillea,rosmarinifolia, Rosemary Grevillea,"Dispersal: Ant. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: Vic,NSW and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Hakea,costata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hakea,drupacea,part of Hakea suaveolens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hakea,drupacea, sweet hakea,"Declared Weed. Woody SpeciesInvades: mountain and lowland fynbosCultivated for: shelter, dune reclamation, ornament",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Hakea,drupacea, sweet hakea,"Declared Weed. Woody SpeciesInvades: mountain and lowland fynbosCultivated for: shelter, dune reclamation, ornament",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Hakea,elliptica,Bronzy Hakea,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hakea,elliptica, Bronzy Hakea,Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,"Introduced deliberately from: WA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Hakea,francisiana,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hakea,gibbosa, rock hakea,Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationWoody SpeciesInvades: moutain fynbosCultivated for: hedging; provides firewood,Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Hakea,gibbosa, rock hakea,Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationWoody SpeciesInvades: moutain fynbosCultivated for: hedging; provides firewood,Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Hakea,laurina,pin-cushion hakea,HX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hakea,laurina, Pin-cushion Hakea,"Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: WA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Hakea,pycnoneura,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hakea,salicifolia,willow-leaf hakea,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hakea,salicifolia, Willow-leaf Hakea,"Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5,6","Introduced deliberately from: NSW,Qld and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Hakea,sericea,needle hakea,HX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hakea,sericea, Needle Hakea,"Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: Vic,NSW,Tas and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Hakea,sericea, silky hakea,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents availableWoody SpeciesInvades: mountain fynbosCultivated for: hedging, dune reclamation, ornament",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Hakea,sericea, silky hakea,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents availableWoody SpeciesInvades: mountain fynbosCultivated for: hedging, dune reclamation, ornament",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Hakea,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Hakea,suaveolens,now H. drupacea?,sweet hakea,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hakea,suaveolens, Sweet Hakea,"Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4","Introduced deliberately from: WA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pteridaceae
  • Pteris,ensiformis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pteris,semipinnata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pteris,tremula,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pteris,vittata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Punicaceae
  • Punica,granatum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Punica,granatum, Weed Science List
  • Ranunculaceae
  • Aconitum,carmichaelii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Aconitum,ferox, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Aconitum,napellus, "3 wks moist prechilling at 2-4C, then 21 C for 10 days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Actaea,alba, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Actaea,rubra, red baneberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Actaea,rubra, red baneberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Actaea,rubra, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Actaea,spicata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Adonis,aestivalis, Summer Pheasant's Eye,Mainland Europe except Denmark,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Adonis,aestivalis, Summer Pheasant's Eye,Mainland Europe except Denmark,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Adonis,annua, Pheasant's Eye,A. autumnalis,"Mainland Europe & UK except NE, less in Northern half & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Adonis,annua, Pheasant's Eye,A. autumnalis,"Mainland Europe & UK except NE, less in Northern half & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Adonis,annua, pheasants-eye,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Adonis,flammea, Burning Pheasant's Eye,Mainland Europe except Denmark & Ext NE,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Adonis,flammea, Burning Pheasant's Eye,Mainland Europe except Denmark & Ext NE,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Adonis,microcarpa,"Adonis aestivalis, Adonis cupanioides, Adonis dentata ssp. intermedius, Adonis dentata ssp. microcarpus","small fruited pheasant's eye, pheasant's eye, red chamomile",X,NL,SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Adonis,microcarpa, "A. cupaniana, A. dentata","Portugal, Spain, Italy & Greece",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Adonis,microcarpa," Adonis aestivalis, Adonis cupanioides, Adonis dentata ssp. intermedius, Adonis dentata ssp. microcarpus","small fruited pheasant's eye, pheasant's eye, red chamomile","this serious weed competes with medic pastures for water, light & space, reducing the area available for grazing; in addition, being toxic, it presents a potential threat to stock, it has killed horses, sheep & pigs; the poisonous principle is the adonidi","native to the Medit region; because of its attractive flower, it was dispersed throughout Eur as an ornamental & subsequently, to N & S Amer & many other countries","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Adonis,microcarpa, Pheasants eye n * ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mo","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Adonis,microcarpa, small fruited pheasant's eye,Weed Science List
  • Anemone,canadensis, 14% germ from dry stored seeds planted in greenhouse 3mths after collection; germ occured throughout period of 64 -78 days after planting,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Anemone,cylindrica, "dry stored seed at room temp for 3mths, germ occured throughout period of 90-330 days after sowing",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Anemone,multifida, dry stored seed at room temp for 3mths; germ occured throughout period of 27 - 90 days after sowing,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Anemone,virginiana, 66% germ in constant light at 20-25 C in Petri dishes; 29-75 days for complete germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Aquilegia,vulgaris,Columbine,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Aquilegia,vulgaris, Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Aquilegia,vulgaris, Columbine,Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,"Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Batrachium,trichophyllum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Batrachium,trichophyllum, Weed Science List
  • Caltha,palustris, marshmarigold,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceratocephalus,falcatus, Ranunculus falcatus,"Mainland Europe except Denmark, less in Central to NW",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ceratocephalus,falcatus, Ranunculus falcatus,"Mainland Europe except Denmark, less in Central to NW",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Clematis,flammula,clematis,S,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Clematis,flammula, "Region of origin - S Eur, N Afr, Syria, Iran, Turkey; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Clematis,ligusticifolia, western clematis,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Clematis,terniflora,leatherleaf clematis,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Clematis,virginiana, Virginia clematis,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Clematis,vitalba, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Clematis,vitalba,"travellers Joy, old man's beard",XXw,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Clematis,vitalba, Travellers Joy,"Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4","Introduced deliberately from: Eur, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Clematis,vitalba, Traveller's joy ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Clematis,vitalba, Travellers Joy,P,"Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4","Introduced deliberately from: Eur, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Consolida,ambigua,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Consolida,ambigua, Larkspur,"C. ajacis, Delphinium ajacis","Central & Southern Europe, less in Northern Half",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Consolida,ambigua, Weed Science List
  • Consolida,orientalis, Delphinium hispanicum,"NW & Southern Europe, less in central to NW & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Consolida,orientalis, Delphinium hispanicum,"NW & Southern Europe, less in central to NW & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Consolida,regalis, Forking Larkspur,Delphinium consolida,Mainland Europe & Scandinavia,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Consolida,regalis, Forking Larkspur,Delphinium consolida,Mainland Europe & Scandinavia,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Delphinium,barbeyi, Tall larkspur,max. germ of 2% only in study of several germ conditions,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Delphinium,barbeyi, tall larkspur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Delphinium,bicolor, little larkspur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Delphinium,geyeri, Geyer larkspur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Delphinium,glaucum, Weed Science List
  • Delphinium,glaucum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Delphinium,halteratum, D. longpipes,Sw Europe inc Italy,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Delphinium,halteratum, D. longpipes,Sw Europe inc Italy,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Delphinium,megacarpum, sagebrush larkspur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Delphinium,nelsonii, low larkspur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Delphinium,occidentale, duncecap larkspur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Delphinium,scaposum, barestem larkspur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Delphinium,scopulorum, tall mountain larkspur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Delphinium,tricorne, dwarf larkspur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Delphinium,var. wootoni, Wooton plains larkspur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Delphinium,virescens, plains larkspur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Delphinium ,consolida, germ at alt. temp of 5-15C in dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ficaria,verna,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ficaria,verna, Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Myosurus,minima, Mouse Tail,"All Europe, less in ext N & S, native of N Africa, Africa & Asia Minor, nat in N Amer",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Myosurus,minima, Mouse Tail,"All Europe, less in ext N & S, native of N Africa, Africa & Asia Minor, nat in N Amer",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Myosurus,minimus,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myosurus,minimus, seeds germ better in light than dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Nigella,arvensis, Field Nigella,Mainland Europe except Denmark,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Nigella,arvensis, "Common weed in Portugal, Spain. Weedy in Morroco and Poland",Weed Science List
  • Nigella,arvensis, "Common weed in Portugal, Spain. Weedy in Morroco and Poland",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nigella,damascena,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nigella,damascena, Love in a Mist,"Mainland Europe except NE & Denmark, less in Northen Half",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Nigella,damascena, Common weed in Portugal. Weedy in Morroco and Poland,Weed Science List
  • Nigella,hispanica,Common weed in Portugal and Morroco ,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nigella,hispanica, Spain & Portugal,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Nigella,hispanica, Common weed in Portugal and Morroco ,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nigella,sativa, Native to West & Central Asia,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ranunculus,abortivus, smallflower buttercup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ranunculus,acris,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,acris, Ranunculus acer,Tall buttercup,"seeds placed to germ soon after collection, exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors germ 96% in 1st spring after collection",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ranunculus,acris, Tall Buttercup,MCPA 1988 New Zealand Pasture , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Ranunculus,acris, buttercup,Weed Science List
  • Ranunculus,acris, tall buttercup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ranunculus,acris, buttercup,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ranunculus,alismaefolius, plantainleaf buttercup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ranunculus,arvensis,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,arvensis, Corn buttercup,"optimum temp range 2-13C; high germ at 3 temp alt. 5-15C, 10-18C & 10-25C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ranunculus,arvensis, Corn Buttercup,"All Europe, temp Asia & N Afriaca",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ranunculus,arvensis, buttercup,Weed Science List
  • Ranunculus,arvensis, corn buttercup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ranunculus,bulbosus, Bulbosus buttercup,"vegetative propagation; seeds germ poorly in lab, germ inc. with inc. in dry storage;96% germ 12wks after harvest",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ranunculus,bulbosus, bulbous buttercup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ranunculus,calthaefolius,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,calthaefolius, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ranunculus,ficaria, "lesser celandine, fig buttercup",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Ranunculus,ficaria, buttercup,Weed Science List
  • Ranunculus,flabellaris, yellow waterbuttercup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ranunculus,flammmula,lesser spearwort,HX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,flammula, Lesser Spearwort,"Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10","Eur, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ranunculus,fluitans, seeds germ at harvest or following spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similiar to those prevailing outdoors; germ 88%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ranunculus,hederaceus, 100% germ in water in diffuse daylight 1mth after harvest,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ranunculus,muricatus,"sharp buttercup, buttercup, roughseed buttercup, spinyfruit buttercup",XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,muricatus, Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ranunculus,muricatus, buttercup,Weed Science List
  • Ranunculus,muricatus, roughseed buttercup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ranunculus,ophioglossifolius,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,parviflorus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,parviflorus, Small Flowered Buttercup,"Southern & Western Europe, UK & Eire",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ranunculus,parviflorus, buttercup,Weed Science List
  • Ranunculus,pumilio,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,repens,creeping buttercup,HXAX,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,repens, Creeping Buttercup,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10,14,15","Introduced deliberately from: Euras, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ranunculus,repens, Creeping buttercup,seed germ in field in late spring; seed stored in unheated granary 100% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ranunculus,repens, Creeping Buttercup,"All Europe, near East, Siberia & N Africa",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ranunculus,repens, Creeping buttercup,Weed Science List
  • Ranunculus,repens, creeping buttercup,"Ranunculus repens is a creeping, low growing perennial herb with fibrous roots, common in pastures, fields and other areas with wet soils in temperate climates. It is found in 40 countries, most in and near its continent of origin, Europe. R. repens is ",originated in Eur,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Ranunculus,repens, creeping buttercup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ranunculus,repens, Creeping buttercup,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ranunculus,sardous,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,sardous, Hairy Buttercup,"All Europe, N Africa & W Asia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ranunculus,sardous, Hairy Buttercup,"All Europe, N Africa & W Asia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ranunculus,sceleratus,"celery buttercup , poison buttercup",NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,sceleratus, Celeryleaf buttercup,"seed germ soon after harvest & continue to germ for several mths; seeds placed to germ after harvest, exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; germ 100%",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ranunculus,sceleratus, "celery buttercup , poison buttercup"," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea", Just about to be added to List.,"South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Ranunculus,sceleratus,syn ,Marsh crowfoot,"canals, ditches, swamps, moist ground""A tincture from fresh plants is used in the treatment of skin conditions eg. herpes, eczema, pruritus, & rheumatic conditions such as sciatica, arthritis & rhinitis""","Medit, Eur, W Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Ranunculus,sceleratus, buttercup,Weed Science List
  • Ranunculus,sceleratus, celeryleaf buttercup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ranunculus,sceleratus, "celery buttercup , poison buttercup",P, Declared spp. in South Australia,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ranunculus,scleratus,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,septentrionalis, "seeds planted directly into greenhouse germ 17% within 55-90days, seeds placed outdoors for 83days, germ 43% within 21-49days after transfer to greenhouse",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ranunculus,testiculatus, testiculate buttercup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ranunculus,trichophyllus, Ranunculus aquatilis,White water buttercup,seeds germ in water & light beneficial; dry storage does not impair capacity of seed to germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ranunculus,trichophyllus, white waterbuttercup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ranunculus,trilobus,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ranunculus,trilobus, buttercup,Weed Science List
  • Thalictrum,foetidum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Thalictrum,minus, seeds germ at once after harvest & continued for several mths; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ 96%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Thalictrum,morisonii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Thalictrum,simplex, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Thalictrum,sparsiflorum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Thalictrum,squarrosum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Resedaceae
  • Reseda,alba,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Reseda,alba, White Mignonette,"R. fruticulosa, R. suffruticulosa","UK, Mainland Europe except NE & Denmark, less in central to North & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Reseda,alba, Weed Science List
  • Reseda,alba, white mignonette,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Reseda,lutea,"cut-leaf mignonette, wild mignonette, yellow mignonette",X,NL,SA; Tas; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Reseda,lutea, Wild Mignonette,"R. ramosissima, R. gracilis, R. reyeri","UK, Eire & Mainland Europe less in Northern half of Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Reseda,lutea, "cut-leaf mignonette, wild mignonette, yellow mignonette","it competes with pastures & crops for light & nutrients; since it is mainly a weed of roadsides & waste spaces, this competition is not imprt agric. except where it encroaches onto regenerating pastures & crops, particularly vegetables, often reducing yie","native of the limestone or chalk soils of Eur, has become widespread in the temperate regions of the world; it occurs throughout Eur south of Denmark & southern Sweden, extending into Asia as far as western Siberia; its main growth area, however is the Me","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Reseda,lutea, Cutleaf mignonette n ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Reseda,lutea, cut-leaf mignonette,Weed Science List
  • Reseda,lutea, yellow mignonette,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Reseda,luteola,"wild mignonette, dyer's rocket, dyer's weed, weld, yellow weed",XX,NL,Vic; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Reseda,luteola, seeds germ in 1st & 2nd spring after harvest; seeds placed to germ exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; total germ 93%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Reseda,luteola, Weld,"S Sweden, UK, Eire, Mainland Europe except NE, less in central to NE",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Reseda,luteola, "wild mignonette, dyer's rocket, dyer's weed, weld, yellow weed","although it is suspected, but not confirmed, of poisoning stock, it is viewed as reasonable sheep feed in poorer pastures of NZ; once established it competes with pastures & crops but is rarely considered an imprt weed","originated in central Eur, the Medit region & eastward to Afghanistan; it is nwo widely spread throughout the temperate world but is rarely regarded as an imprt weed except occasionally in Spain, Morocco & in carrot crops in the British Isles","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Reseda,luteola, wild mignonette,Weed Science List
  • Reseda,odorata, Weed Science List
  • Reseda,phyteuma,rampion mignonette,GL,SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Reseda,phyteuma, "Region of origin - N Afr, S Eur; Extent of spread - <200 ha in SA; Means of spread - seed contaminant",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Reseda,phyteuma, Rampion Mignonette,"R. aragonensis, R. litigiosa","UK, Mainland Europe except NE & Denmark, less in central to North & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Reseda,phyteuma, Rampion Mignonette,"R. aragonensis, R. litigiosa","UK, Mainland Europe except NE & Denmark, less in central to North & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Reseda,phyteuma, Rampion mignonette N # ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Rhamnaceae
  • Berchemia,scandens, Alabama supplejack,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,cordulatus, mountain whitehorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,cuneatus, wedgeleaf ceanothus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,cyaneus, San Diego ceanothus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,integerrimus, deerbrush ceanothus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,lemmoni, Lemmons ceanothus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,leucodermis, chaparral whitethorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,megacarpus, bigpod ceanothus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,prostratus, squawcarpet ceanothus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,sanguineus, redstem ceanothus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,sorediatus, jimbrush ceanothus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,spinosus, spiny ceanothus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,thyrsiflorus, blueblossom ceanothus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,var. laevigatus, varnishleaf ceanothus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceanothus,velutinus, snowbrush ceanothus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Colubrina,asiatica, "Asiatic colubrina, latherleaf",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Colubrina,asiatica,lather leaf,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Colubrina,texensis, Texas colubrina,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Condalia,obovata, bluewood condalia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Condalia,obtusifolia, lotebush condalia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hovenia,dulcis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hovenia,dulcis, "Region of origin - China, Korea, Japan; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - agriculture - edible fruit",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Hovenia,dulcis, Weed Science List
  • Karwimskia,humboldtiana, Weed Science List
  • Karwimskia,humboldtiana, coyotillo,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Karwinskia,humboldtiana, coyotillo,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Noltea,africana,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rhamnus,alaternus,Italian buckthorn,HHH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rhamnus,alaternus, Italian Buckthorn,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,12","Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rhamnus,alaternus, Weed Science List
  • Rhamnus,californica var. ursina, California buckthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhamnus,caroliniana, Carolina buckthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhamnus,cathartica, European buckthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhamnus,crocea var. ilicifolia, hollyleaf buckthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhamnus,frangula, alder buckthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhamnus,frangula,alder buckthorn,WATCH LISTMay be a problem elsewhere; more information needed.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Rhamnus,purshiana, cascara buckthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhamnus ,cathartica, common buckthorn,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Rhamnus ,frangula, glossy buckthorn,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Ziziphus,mauritiana,Ziziphus jujuba,"Chinee apple, Indian jujube, Chinese date",XX,NL,Qld; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ziziphus,mauritiana, Ziziphus jujuba,"Chinee apple, Indian jujube, Chinese date","despite the fact that it is cultivated for its fruit in many parts of Asia, particularly India, it is still regarded as a serious weed in some areas of these countries; rapidly growing groups of plants form dense, impenetrable thickets which reduce availa","native of E Afr, the Indian Ocean islands & S Asia; it occurs naturally & is cultivated throughout the Indian subcontinent & Sri Lanka, extending eastwards through Burma into China","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Ziziphus,mauritiana, Z. jujuba,"jujube, Chinee apple, Indian jujube, Chinese date",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Ziziphus,mauritiana, "Chinese apple, Indian jujube",Weed Science List
  • Ziziphus,mauritiana,"syn Rhamnus jujuba L. Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn., nom. illeg.","Chinese apple, Indian jujube see more below",P,"Common names: Indian jujube (Source: AH 505) cottony jujube (Source: Dict Gard) ber (Source: F Iran, Mabberley) Chinese-date (Source: Firewood Cr) Indian-cherry (Source: Firewood Cr) jujubier (Source: Firewood Cr) beri (Source: Firewood Cr) nabbak-el-",Species range: India [possibly native]; Myanmar [possibly native]; cult. & natzd. throughout tropics,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ziziphus,mucronata,E,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ziziphus,mucronata, buffalo thorn,Weed Science List
  • Ziziphus,mucronata, buffalo thorn,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ziziphus,nummularia, Weed Science List
  • Ziziphus,nummularia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ziziphus,spina-christi,Christ Thorn,NLP,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ziziphus,spina-christi, Weed Science List
  • Ziziphus,spina-christi, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rhizophoraceae
  • Rhizophora,mangle, Weed Science List
  • Rhizophora,mangle, American mangrove,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhizophora,mangle, P,Banned by AQIS,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rosaceae
  • Acaena,agnipila,(includes A. ovina),sheep's burr,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Acaena,anserinifolia, Biddy Biddy ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Acaena,caesiiglauca, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Acaena,echinata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Acaena,fissistipula, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Acaena,magellanica, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Acaena,novae-zelandiae,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Acaena,novae-zelandiae, Bidy-bidy ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Acaena,novae-zelandie, Biddy Biddy ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Acaena,ovalifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Acaena,pallida, Biddy Biddy ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Acaena,pinnatifida, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Acaena,saccaticupula, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Acaena,sanguisorbae, piripiri,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Adenostoma,fasciculatum, chamise,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Adenostoma,fasciculatum, chamise,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Adenostoma,sparsifolium, redshank chamise,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Adenostoma,sparsifolium, redshank chamise,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Agrimonia,eupatoria,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Agrimonia,eupatoria, Agrimony,"A. grandis, A. asiatica",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Agrimonia,eupatoria, Weed Science List
  • Agrimonia,gryposepala, agrimony,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Agrimonia,striata, roadside agrimony,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Alchemilla,arvensis, "max germ temp above 25C, min less than 2-5C optimum 2-7C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Alchemilla,gracilipes, Weed Science List
  • Alchemilla,gracilipes, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Alchemilla,xanthochlora,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Alchemilla,xanthochlora, Weed Science List
  • Amelanchier,alnifolia, Saskatoon serviceberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Amelanchier,arborea, downy serviceberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Amelanchier,canadensis, thicket serviceberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Amelanchier,florida, Pacific serviceberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Amelanchier,laevis, Allegheny serviceberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Amelanchier,sanguinea, roundleaf serviceberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Aphanes,arvensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Aphanes,arvensis, Parsley Piert,Alchemilla arvensis,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Aphanes,arvensis, Weed Science List
  • Aphanes,microcarpa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Aphanes,microcarpa, Slender Piert,Alchemilla microcarpa,SW Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Aphanes,microcarpa, Weed Science List
  • Aruncus,dioicus, Weed Science List
  • Cercocarpus,betuloides, birchleaf mountainmahogany,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cercocarpus,ledifolius, curlleaf mountainmahogany,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cercocarpus,montanus, mountainmahogany,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Chamaebatia,foliolosa, bearmat,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Coleogyne,ramosissima, blackbush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Contoneaster,divaricata, Cotoneaster,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,6,7,8","Introduced deliberately from: Ch and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Contoneaster,glaucophyllus, Cotoneaster,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5,6,7,8,9,12","Introduced deliberately from: Ch and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Contoneaster,horizontalis, Cotoneaster,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 12,15","Introduced deliberately from: Ch and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Contoneaster,pannosus, Cotoneaster,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,6,8,12","Introduced deliberately from: E As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Contoneaster,sp., Cotoneaster,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 12,15","Introduced deliberately from: ? and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Cotoneaster,franchetii, cotoneasters,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, riverbanks, grassland, kloofs, rocky outcropsCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Cotoneaster,franchetii, cotoneasters,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, riverbanks, grassland, kloofs, rocky outcropsCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Cotoneaster,glaucophyllus, Weed Science List
  • Cydonia,oblonga,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cydonia,oblonga, Weed Science List
  • Duchesnea,chrysantha, , Shizuoka Okayama ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Duchesnea,indica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Duchesnea,indica, Weed Science List
  • Duchesnea,indica, India mockstrawberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fragaria,var. Americana, American strawberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fragaria,vesca, European strawberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fragaria,virginiana, Virginia strawberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Geum,aleppicum, var. strictum ,Yellow avens,"of 300 seed planted in flats & exposed to low temps outdoors for 83 days, then transferred to greenhouse, 211 germ over period of 11-35days c.f. of 300 seeds planted directly into greenhouse, 152 germ over period of 13-41 days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Geum,aleppicum var. strictum, yellow avens,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Geum,macrophyllum, largeleaf avens,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Geum,peckii, "of 300 seed planted in flats & exposed to low temps outdoors for 83 days, then transferred to greenhouse, 22 germ over period of 11-42days c.f. of 300 seeds planted directly into greenhouse, 14 germ over period of 34-83 days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Geum,rivale, "of 300 seed planted in flats & exposed to low temps outdoors for 83 days, then transferred to greenhouse, 70 germ over period of 14-35days c.f. of 300 seeds planted directly into greenhouse,83 germ over period of 20-90 days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Geum,urbanum, seeds germ in 1st spring after harvest; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 99% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Malus,domestica, Weed Science List
  • Malus,domestica, Fuji apple,P,Prohibited for Disease reasons,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Malus,floribunda, Japanese flowering crabapple,P,Prohibited for Disease Reasons,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Malus,fusca, crab apple,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Malus,ioensis,Flowering Crab Apple,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malus,ioensis, Flowering Crab Apple,P,Prohibited for Disease reasons,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Malus,prunifolia, Chinese apple,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Malus,prunifolia, Crab Apple Stock,P,Prohibited for Disease reasons,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Malus,sylvestris,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malus,sylvestris, apple,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Malus,sylvestris, Weed Science List
  • Malus,x domestica,Apple,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malus ,x domestica, Apple,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,5,8,15","Introduced deliberately from: SE Eur,SW As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Malus ,(See Pyrus),"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Photinia,arbutifolia, christmasberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potentilla,anglica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Potentilla,anserina,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Potentilla,anserina, Silverweed cinquefoil,"seeds germ in 1st spring after collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; germ 90%; 4 storage conditions tested, dry at room temp, dry at 3C, in moist sand at 3C, & in moist peat at 3C, no-low germ ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,anserina, Silverweed,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Potentilla,anserina, Weed Science List
  • Potentilla,anserina, silverweed cinquefoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potentilla,argentea, Silvery cinquefoil,seeds stored in moist peat at 3C germ best after 6mths storage; seeds germ in 1st spring after collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; germ 93%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,argentea, silvery cinquefoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potentilla,arguta, White cinquefoil,"seeds tested before storage & stored dry -no germ; seeds stored moist in peat or sand for 6mths, then germ at 20-25C in diffuse light 52% germ in 3-12days & in dark 9% in 8-88days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,arguta, white cinquefoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potentilla,canadensis, Common cinquefoil,seeds stored in moist sand or peat or dry stored at 3C germ best after 6mths storage,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,canadensis, common cinquefoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potentilla,crantzii, extensive studies of the mechanisms involved in reproduction by seeds have been done,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,diversifolia, blueleaf cinquefoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potentilla,flabelliformis, "52% germ of seed within 1yr of collection at 15C in dark; prechilling at 3C for 1-4wks inc. germ % at 20, 20-30C alt. & 20-30C alt. with alt. light/dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,freyniana, annual dominant weed in crops , Miyagi Niigata Oita Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Potentilla,fruticosa, Shrubby cinquefoil,seeds stored moist in peat at 3C for 6mths germ best,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,fruticosa, shrubby cinquefoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potentilla,glandulosa, "prechilling on moist blotters in petri dishes at 3C for 1-4wks, then germ at 20-30C alt. with alt. light/dark 54% germ; after 3-4wks prechilling seeds germ 34-72% at 20-30C in dark, 20C in dark & 15C in dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,intermedia, Downy cinquefoil,seeds stored in moist sand or peat at 3C for 1-6mths prior testing best germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,intermedia, downy cinquefoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potentilla,kleiniana, ,Shimane ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Potentilla,millegrana, "32% germ highest at 15C in dark, 8% at 20-30C alt. with alt. light/dark; prechilling at 3C only slightly inc. germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,norvegica, Rough cinquefoil,"seeds dry stored or stored moist in sand or peat at 3C for 1-6mths germ best, but germ % low",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,norvegica, rough cinquefoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potentilla,palustris, no germ of seeds under various conditions & temps,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,recta,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Potentilla,recta, Sulphur cinquefoil,"seed stored moist sand at 3C for 1-6mths germ best, but low; 89% germ after 3yrs storage under lab conditions & 60% after 5yrs",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,recta, Sulfur cinquefoil ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Potentilla,recta, sulfur cinquefoil,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Potentilla,recta, Weed Science List
  • Potentilla,recta, sulphur cinquefoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potentilla,reptans,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Potentilla,reptans, Creeping Cinquefoil,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Potentilla,reptans, Weed Science List
  • Potentilla,reptans, creeping cinquefoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potentilla,simplex, oldfield cinquefoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Potentilla,supina, All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Potentilla,supina,syn ,Cinquefoil,Nile and canal banks,"Medit, Nile basin, Eur","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Potentilla,supina, Weed Science List
  • Potentilla,tabernaemontani, report on studies on the mechanism of reproduction by seed,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Potentilla,tridentata, seeds stored moist in sand or peat at 3C for 1-6mths germ best; seeds planted in soil flats in greenhouse germ 12% in 78-148days & left outdoors for 71days germ 73% over 7-14 days after transfer to greenhouse,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Poterium,polygamum, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,americana, American plum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Prunus,angustifolia, chickasaw plum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Prunus,armeniaca,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,armeniaca, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,avium, Bird Cherry ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Prunus,avium, "sweet cherry, bird cherry",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Prunus,avium, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,avium, sweet cherry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Prunus,cerasifera,cherry-plum,HXXAH,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,cerasifera, Cherry-plum,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,Water,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,6,7,8","Introduced deliberately from: Euras and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Prunus,cerasifera, cherry plum,Weed Science List
  • Prunus,cerasifera, cherry plum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Prunus,cerasifera 'Nigra', Purple-leaf Cherry-plum,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,6,8","Introduced deliberately from: garden origin and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Prunus,cerasus,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,cerasus, Sour cherry ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Prunus,cerasus, sour cherry,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Prunus,cerasus, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,cerasus, sour cherry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Prunus,domestica,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,domestica,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,domestica, garden plum,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Prunus,domestica, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,dulcis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,dulcis, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,emarginata, bitter cherry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Prunus,grisea, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,laurocerasus,cherry Laurel,HXS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,laurocerasus, Cherry Laurel,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8","Introduced deliberately from: E Eur,W As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Prunus,laurocerasus, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,lauroceraus, Cherry laurel ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Prunus,lusitanica,Portugal laurel,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,lusitanica, Region of origin - SE Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Prunus,lusitanica, Portugal Laurel,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,8","Introduced deliberately from: Spain,Por,Canary Is and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Prunus,lusitanica, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,mahaleb,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,mahaleb, Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - agriculture,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Prunus,mahaleb, Mahaleb cherry ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Prunus,mahaleb, mahaleb cherry,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Prunus,mahaleb, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,munsoniana,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,munsoniana, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,nigra, Canada plum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Prunus,padus, European bird cherry,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Prunus,pensylvanica, pin cherry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Prunus,perisca, Weed Science List
    Prunus,persica,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,persica,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,persica, peach,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Prunus,salicina,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,salicina, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,serotina,wild cherry,wX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,serotina, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,serotina, black cherry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Prunus,spinosa,sloe,XH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunus,spinosa, "Region of origin - Eur, W Asia; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - hedging plant",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Prunus,spinosa, Sloe,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8,12","Introduced deliberately from: Med,Euras, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Prunus,spinosa, sloe,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Prunus,spinosa, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,turneriana, Weed Science List
  • Prunus,umbellata, flatwoods plum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
    Prunus,var. demissa, western chokecherry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Prunus,var. melanocarpa, black chokecherry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Prunus,var. watsonii, sand plum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Prunus,virginiana, common chokecherry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Purshia,tridentata, Weed Science List
  • Purshia,tridentata, bitterbrush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Purshia,tridentata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pyracantha,angustifolia, Orange Firethorn,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,6,8","Introduced deliberately from: Ch and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pyracantha,angustifolia, yellow firethorn,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: high altitude grassland, erosion channels, rocky ridgesCultivated for: ornament, security hedging, screens on highways",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pyracantha,angustifolia, yellow firethorn,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: high altitude grassland, erosion channels, rocky ridgesCultivated for: ornament, security hedging, screens on highways",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pyracantha,angustifolia, fire thorn,Weed Science List
  • Pyracantha,angustifolia, fire thorn,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pyracantha,crenulata, Nepal Firethorn,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,6,8","Introduced deliberately from: Himalaya and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pyracantha,crenulata, Himalayan firethorn,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: high altitude grassaland, rocky ridgesCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pyracantha,crenulata, Himalayan firethorn,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: high altitude grassaland, rocky ridgesCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pyracantha,crenulata, fire thorn,Weed Science List
  • Pyracantha,crenulata, fire thorn,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pyracantha,fortuneana, fire thorn,Weed Science List
  • Pyracantha,fortuneana, fire thorn,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pyracantha,koidzomii, fire thorn,Weed Science List
  • Pyracantha,rogersiana, fire thorn,Weed Science List
  • Pyrus,angustifolia, southern crabapple,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pyrus,arbutifolia, red chokeberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pyrus,calleyerana,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pyrus,communis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pyrus,communis, common pear,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Pyrus,communis, Weed Science List
  • Pyrus,coronaria, sweet crabapple,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pyrus,ioensis, prairie crabapple,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pyrus,malus, apple,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pyrus,melanocarpa, black chokeberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pyrus,ussuriensis,Manchurian pear,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rhaphiolepis,indica, Weed Science List
  • Rosa,arkansana, Arkansas rose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rosa,bracteata,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rosa,bracteata, Weed Science List
  • Rosa,bracteata, Macartney rose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rosa,californica, California rose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rosa,canina,dog rose,H,NLP,SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rosa,canina, dog rose,"dog rose is scattered in parts of the Central Western Slopes & SW Plains of NSW & also in the Grampians of Vic; in SA it occurs on the Adelaide Plains, the Mount Lofty Ranges, the Mid-Murray dist & in the lower SE; it is also scattered through the settled","native of Euro-Asia, commonly growing in hedges across Eur, has become established in most of the temperate world; it has been & still is widely used in Eur as a rootstock for budding of ornamental roses & was probably introd to most other countries for t","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Rosa,canina, Dog rose ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Rosa,canina, dog rose,Weed Science List
  • Rosa,canina, dog rose,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rosa,chinensis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rosa,chinensis, Weed Science List
  • Rosa,chinensis,X moschata,Weed Science List
  • Rosa,chinensis,X multiflora,Weed Science List
  • Rosa,eglanteria, Sweetbriar ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Rosa,eglanteria, "eglantine, sweetbriar","Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: high altitude grassalandCultivated for: ornament, hedging; fruits harvested for extraction of juice",Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rosa,eglanteria, "eglantine, sweetbriar","Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: high altitude grassalandCultivated for: ornament, hedging; fruits harvested for extraction of juice",Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rosa,eglanteria, sweetbrier rose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rosa,gallica, Weed Science List
  • Rosa,gymnocarpa, baldhip rose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rosa,laevigata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rosa,laevigata, Weed Science List
  • Rosa,laevigata, Cherokee rose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rosa,multiflora, multiflora rose,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Rosa,multiflora,multiflora rose,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Rosa,nutkana, Nootka rose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rosa,palustris, swamp rose,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Rosa,pratincola, "Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rosa,roxburghii,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rosa,rubiginosa,Rosa eglanteria,"sweet briar, eglantine, sweet briar, sweet briar rose",XHXXAH,NL,ACT; NSW; Vic; SA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rosa,rubiginosa, Rosa eglanteria,"sweet briar, eglantine, sweet brier, sweet brier rose","it is most likely to establish in well drained areas of moderate to high fertility where there is little competition & light grazing; it tolerates a wide range of conditions but does not do well on poorly drained soils, nor does it pose a problem in well ","originated in Eur & W Asia to northern India, is considered weedy in part of this native range, eg, in England, Scotland & Turkey; it has been introd to most temperate areas of the world, often as a garden plant & is regarded as a weed in many; it is trou","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Rosa,rubiginosa, Sweet briar * ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Movement prohibited on roads (Section 52(2) applies)","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Rosa,rubiginosa, sweet briar,Weed Science List
  • Rosa,rugosa, rugosa rose,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Rosa,sp.,Rose,XXXXA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rosa,sp., Rose,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 9","Introduced deliberately from: ?garden origin, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rosa,spp., seed dormant -impermeable seed coat; seed only germ after prolonged stratification at 5C; soaking for 1-2hrs in conc. sulfuric acid followed by stratification for 60-120 days at 5C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rosa,var. suffulta, sunshine rose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rosa,wichuraiana, , Miyasaki Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Rosa,woodsii, Woods rose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rosa,x odorata,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rosa ,canina, Dog rose ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mo","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Rosa ,rubiginosa, Sweet Briar,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,Water,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10,13,4,5,6,8,12,14","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rubus,?polyanthemus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,aff. mucronulatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,affinis, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,affinis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rubus,alceaefolius,giant bramble,LP,Qld; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,alceaefolius, giant bramble,"normally found on road shoulders & the edges of rainforest, it invades developing pastures, particularly on newly cleared lands; because of the rate of vegetative growth & its barbed canes, it forms impenetrable thickets which reduce pasture productivity ",is a native of SE Asia,"Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Rubus,alceaefolius, giant bramble,Weed Science List
  • Rubus,alceaefolius, giant bramble,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rubus,alceifolius,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,allegheniensis, Allegheny blackberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,apetalus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,apetalus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rubus,argutus,Florida blackberry,L,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,argutus, sawtooth blackberry,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Rubus,argutus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,argutus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rubus,armeniacus,"Rubus discolor, Rubus procerus",Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,bellobatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,bellobatus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,caesius, Dewberry,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rubus,caesius, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,caesius, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rubus,chloocladus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,chloocladus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,cissburiensis,Blackberry,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,cissburiensis, Blackberry,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8","Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rubus,cissburiensis, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,cuneifolius, American bramble,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationWoody SpeciesInvades: grasslands, forest edges, plantationsCultivated for: edible fruit",Origin: N Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rubus,cuneifolius, bramble,"Declared Weed & Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: grassland, fynbos, forest margins, plantationsCultivated for: edible fruit",Origin: N Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rubus,cuneifolius, American bramble,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationWoody SpeciesInvades: grasslands, forest edges, plantationsCultivated for: edible fruit",Origin: N Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rubus,cuneifolius, bramble,"Declared Weed & Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: grassland, fynbos, forest margins, plantationsCultivated for: edible fruit",Origin: N Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rubus,cuneifolius, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,cuneifolius, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rubus,discolor, balckberries,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Rubus,discolor,Blackberry,HAH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,discolor, Himalayaberry ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Rubus,discolor, Blackberry,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,6,7,8,9","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rubus,discolor, Himalayan blackberry ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Rubus,discolor, Himalayan blackberry,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Rubus,discolor, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,ellipticus,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,ellipticus, yellow Himalayan blackberry,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Rubus,ellipticus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,erythrops,Rubus rosaceus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,flagellaris, bramble,"Woody SpeciesInvades: grassland, fynbos, forest margins, plantationsCultivated for: edible fruit",Origin: Europe,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rubus,flagellaris, bramble,"Woody SpeciesInvades: grassland, fynbos, forest margins, plantationsCultivated for: edible fruit",Origin: Europe,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rubus,flagellaris, northern dewberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,fraxinifolius, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,fruiticosus, "blackberry, bramble, European blackberry",it is an imprt weed because it is invasive & covers large areas with a dense conopy excluding light from the soil surface; few other plants can compete & blackberry completely dominates the vegetation of an area in a very short time; the plant's prickly n,all species referred to in this aggregate are European in origin & have become established in many temperate parts of the world; the European blackberry is an imprt weed on the east & west coasts of the N Amer & in the NW of the US in particular; it occur,"Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Rubus,fruiticosus Agg.,"blackberry, bramble, European blackberry",XXXXXHH,L,NSW; Vic; Qld; SA; WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,fruticosus, European blackberry,"Proposed Declared Invader. Subject of biocontrol investigationWoody SpeciesInvades: fynbos, forest edges, plantationsCultivated for: edible fruit",Origin: Europe,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rubus,fruticosus, European blackberry,"Proposed Declared Invader. Subject of biocontrol investigationWoody SpeciesInvades: fynbos, forest edges, plantationsCultivated for: edible fruit",Origin: Europe,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rubus,fruticosus, blackberry, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Rubus,fruticosus, European blackberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,fruticosus, blackberry,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rubus,fruticosus sp. agg., Fruit may be sold,Blackberry* Fruit may be sold," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mo","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Rubus,grayanus, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Rubus,idaeus,Rubus loganobaccus?,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,idaeus, raspberry,Weed Science List
  • Rubus,idaeus, red raspberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,koehleri,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,koehleri, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,laciniatus,L,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,laciniatus,Rubus selmeri,cut-leaf blackberry,H,L,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,laciniatus, Cut-leaf Blackberry,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8,14","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rubus,laciniatus, Evergreen blackberry ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Rubus,laciniatus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,laciniatus, evergreen blackberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,leightonii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,leightonii, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,leucodermis, whitebark raspberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,loganobaccus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,longepedicellatus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,longepedicellatus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rubus,moluccanus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,moluccanus,Rubus hillii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,mucronulatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,niveus, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Rubus,niveus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,niveus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rubus,occidentalis, black raspberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,parviflorus, western thimbleberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,parvifolius,"western thimbleberry, thimbleberry",A,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,parvifolius, Weed in poor site , Hokkaido ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Rubus,pheonicolasius,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,phoenicolasius, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,phoenicolasius,wineberry,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Rubus,pinnatus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,pinnatus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rubus,polyanthemos, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,polyanthemus,Blackberry,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,polyanthemus, Blackberry,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8,13","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rubus,procerus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,procerus, Himalaya blackberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,pyramidalis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,pyramidalis, Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - agriculture - fruit,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Rubus,pyramidalis, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,radula,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,radula, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,rigidus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,rigidus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rubus,roribaccus,dewberry,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,roribaccus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,rosaceus,Blackberry,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,rosaceus, Blackberry,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8","Eur, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rubus,rosaceus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,rosifolius, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,selmeri,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,spectabilis, salmonberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,spp., balckberries,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Rubus,trivialis, southern dewberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,ulmifolius,Blackberry,HHHX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,ulmifolius,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,ulmifolius, Blackberry,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,6,7,8,9","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rubus,ulmifolius, ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Rubus,ulmifolius, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,ursinus,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,ursinus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,var. strigosus, American red raspberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,velox, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,vestitus,Blackberry,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,vestitus, Blackberry,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8","Eur, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rubus,vestitus, European blackberry ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Rubus,vestitus, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,vitifolius, Weed Science List
  • Rubus,vitifolius, grapeleaf blackberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubus,vitifolius, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rubus,x loganobaccus,R. ursinus in NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rubus,x proteus, bramble,"Woody SpeciesInvades: grassland, fynbos, forest margins, plantationsCultivated for: edible fruit",Origin: S Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rubus,x proteus, bramble,"Woody SpeciesInvades: grassland, fynbos, forest margins, plantationsCultivated for: edible fruit",Origin: S Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Sanguisorba,canadensis, Canadian burnet,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sanguisorba,minor,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sanguisorba,minor, Salad Burnet,Poterium sanguisorba,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sanguisorba,minor, Weed Science List
  • Sanguisorba,minor, small burnet,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sanguisorba,occidentalis, "seed tested within 1yr of collection; 64% germ at alt. 20-30C with alt. light/dark & 60% in dark; 64% at 20C constant in dark, 64% with alt. light/dark at 15C & 32% in dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Sanguisorba,officinalis, Garden burnet,"seed tested within 1 yr of collection; at 15C, germ in dark 0% & 8% with alt. light/dark; at 20C in dark 0% & alt. light/dark 4%; at alt. 20-30C in dark 4% & alt. light/dark 28%",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Sanguisorba,officinalis, "perennial dominance, sub-dominance ", Oita ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Sanguisorba,officinalis, garden burnet,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spiraea,alba, narrowleaf meadowsweet,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spiraea,cantonesis, "Region of origin - China, Japan; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Spiraea,douglasii, Douglas spirea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spiraea,japonica, Japanese spirea,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Spiraea,japonica, Japanese spirea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spiraea,japonica,Japanese spiraea,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Spiraea,latifolia, meadowsweet,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spiraea,prunifolia, Weed Science List
  • Spiraea,tomentosa, hardhack,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rubiaceae
  • Anotis,spermacoce, Weed Science List
  • Anotis,spermacoce, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Anthocephalus,chinensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anthocephalus,chinensis, Weed Science List
  • Asperula,arvensis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Asperula,arvensis, Blue Woodruff,"Mainland Europe except NE, less in Denmark, Sweden & Norway",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Asperula,arvensis, Weed Science List
  • Borreria,alata,"syn Borreria latifolia, Borreria scaberrima","in regions with a short or with a pronounced dry season, on sunny or lightly shaded fallow fields or those with a second crop, along roads, steep riverbanks, tea & cinchona plantations; up to 1600m alt; often abundant on washed-out soils & then conspicuou","tropical Amer, Indonesia: Sumatra, Java & Kalimantan, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Borreria,alata, Borreria alata is a weed of 27 crops in 30 countries. Initially it was a problem in plantation crops but it is now a major weed in many cultivated crops.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Borreria,distans,syn ,"roadsides & near watercourses, locally common in regions witha pronounced dry season; at low latitude; from 0-120m alt; flowering throughout the year; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Amer, in Dec 1924 found for the first time near the railway station of Yogyakarta (C. Java), where it was already abundant","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Borreria,laevis, Weed Science List
  • Borreria,laevis,syn ,"in areas witha short or pornounced dry season, on sunny or lightly shaded grassy sites, especially on hard soils, along roadsides, on lawns; locally abundant; up to 1200m alt; flowers throughout the year; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Amer, introd in Java long ago; almost pantropic; throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Borreria,laevis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Borreria,ocymoides, Weed Science List
  • Borreria,ocymoides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Borreria,poaya, Weed Science List
  • Borreria,poaya, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Borreria,princeae, Weed Science List
  • Borreria,princeae, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Borreria,repens,syn ,"grassy roadsides, under bamboo, in village grooves, particularly in damp shaded sites, nowhere widespread; up to 1000m alt (Java); flowers throughout the year; upland & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Amer, pantropical; throughout Indonesia, except Sulawesi & the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Borreria,verticillata, Weed Science List
  • Borreria,verticillata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Canthium,hispidum, Weed Science List
  • Canthium,hispidum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cephalanthus,occidentalis, common buttonbush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cinchona,succirubra, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Coffea,arabica,coffee,XXS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coffea,arabica, Region of origin - trop Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - Agriculture - crop,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Coffea,arabica, Coffee ,TREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Coffea,arabica, Coffee ,Trees/Shrubs.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Coffea,arabica, Weed Science List
  • Coffea,"spp. (C. arabica, C. liberica, C. robusta)",coffee,XXS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coprosma,repens,"New Zealand mirror-bush, mirror plant",HHXS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coprosma,repens, New Zealand Mirror-bush,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,5,6,7,9,10,12,13","Introduced deliberately from: NZ and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Coprosma,repens, Weed Science List
  • Coprosma,robusta,Karamu,HH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coprosma,robusta, Karamu,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub/Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7","Introduced deliberately from: NZ and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Crucianella,angustifolia, C. oxyloba,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Crucianella,angustifolia, C. oxyloba,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Dentella,repens,syn Oldenlandia repens,"in everwet regions or in regions with a pronounced dry season, on light to very heavy soils, fallow fields, in sugarcane fields, dry riverbeds, wastelands, especially on heavy soils; locally abundant; rainfed, gogo rancah & upland rice fields, a weed of m","tropical Asia, Asia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Diodia,teres,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Diodia,teres, Weed Science List
  • Diodia,teres, poorjoe,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Diodia,virginiana, Virginia buttonweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Galium,aparine,"cleavers, goosegrass, catchweed, bedstraw, velcro plant, stickywilly",HX,NL,WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Galium,aparine, Cleavers,"Dispersal: animal external,Water. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,6,8,12,13","Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Galium,aparine, Bedstraw,"fresh seed high germ%; germ in dark on moistened soil, or soak seeds & allow to swell in KNO3 soln",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Galium,aparine, G. spurium subsp. tenerum,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galium,aparine, "cleavers, goosegrass", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Galium,aparine, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Galium,aparine, catchweed bedstraw,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Galium,aparine, "cleavers, goosegrass",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Galium,asprellum, rough bedstraw,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Galium,bifolium, "dormancy broken by 27min treatment with conc. sulfuric acid, germ at 8C; untreated 16mth old seed planted in soil in autumn germ 100%, this probably due to fungi action on seed coat over winter & not effect of low temps",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Galium,boreale, Northern bedstraw,64% germ of alt. temp 20-30C & alt. light/dark on moist blotters in petri dishes; prechilling at 3C for 3-4wks inc. germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Galium,boreale, northern bedstraw,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Galium,divaricatum,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Galium,divaricatum, Weed Science List
  • Galium,mollugo, Smooth bedstraw,high germ % of freshly harvested seed as well dry stored seed; germ well under constant or alt. temps of various ranges & alt. light/dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Galium,mollugo, smooth bedstraw,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Galium,murale,Small Bedstraw,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Galium,murale, Small Bedstraw,"Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 3,4,5","Med,S Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Galium,murale, Weed Science List
  • Galium,palustre,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Galium,parisiense, "G. anglicum, G. aparinella",Central and Western Europe & UK,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galium,parisiense, "G. anglicum, G. aparinella",Central and Western Europe & UK,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galium,spurium,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Galium,spurium, "G. vaillantii, G. aparine subsp. spurium",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galium,spurium, Weed Science List
  • Galium,spurium, biennial sub-dominance , Upland Korea ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Galium,spurium, P,33~34~35~36~37~39,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Galium,tenerum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Galium,tricorne, low temp requirements for germ; optimum 7-13C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Galium,tricornutum,bedstraw,L,WA & a weed in Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Galium,tricornutum, G. ticorne,"Mainland Europe, Norway & Sweden",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galium,tricornutum, bedstraw,Weed Science List
  • Galium,tricornutum, bedstraw,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Galium,verrucosum, "G. valantia, G. saccharatum","Central & Southern Europe, less in North",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galium,verrucosum, "G. valantia, G. saccharatum","Central & Southern Europe, less in North",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galium,verum, yellow bedstraw,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Galium ,palustre, Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Geophila,repens, Weed Science List
  • Geophilla,repens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Guettarda,speciosa, ", coconut",Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; Niue; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Hedyotis,auricularia,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hedyotis,auricularia, Weed Science List
  • Hedyotis,auricularia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hedyotis,corymbosa,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hedyotis,corymbosa,"syn Hedyotis ramosa, Oldenlandia corymbosa; Oldenlandia ramosa","in sunny, not too wet sites, especially on hard or stony soil on roadsides, base of walls, gardens, premises, lawns, fallow fields; often abundant; up to 1500m alt; flowers throughout the year; rainfed, upland & lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importan","unknown, Asia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Hedyotis,diffusa,"syn Hedyotis herbacea; Oldenlandia diffusa, Oldenlandia brachypoda","in marshy or fallow fields, dry riverbeds, along watercourses; up to 1500m alt; rainfed, upland & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","unknown, Asia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Mitracarpum,scabrum, Weed Science List
  • Mitracarpum,scabrum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mitracarpus,hirtus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mitracarpus,hirtus, Weed Science List
  • Mitracarpus,villosus,syn Mitracarpus scaber,"regions with a pronounced dry season; on fallow & planted rice fields, along roads; up to 1300m alt; locally common; upland rice fields, might become a serious weed, due to its fast growth & dominance in various crops; a serious weed in Nigeria, ","NW Afr (Senegal), along the Nile, has been observed in W Java in the Karawang area, NE of Jakarta","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Oldendlandia,capensis, Weed Science List
  • Oldendlandia,capensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Oldendlandia,lancifolia, Weed Science List
  • Oldendlandia,lancifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Oldenlandia,corymbosa,Hedyotis corymbosa var. corymbosa,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oldenlandia,corymbosa,Hedyotis corymbosa var. caespitosa,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paederia,craddasiana,"sewer vine, onion vine","Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Paederia,foetida, skunk vine,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Paederia,foetida, Weed Science List
  • Paederia,foetida, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Paederia,foetida,skunk vine,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Paederia,scandens, , Miyasaki Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Psychotria,ruelliaefolia, Weed Science List
  • Psychotria,ruelliaefolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Richardia,brasiliensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Richardia,brasiliensis, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Richardia,brasiliensis, Weed Science List
  • Richardia,brasiliensis,syn Richardsonia brasiliensis,"in areas with a rather strong or no dry season, on sunny or lightly shaded, not too dry sites, especially on pervious soils, fields, gardens, premises, in tea & cinchona plantations; up to 2000m alt; locally abundant' flowers throughout the year; upland r","S tropical Amer, introd into Java before 1900; in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java & Kalimantan, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Richardia,brasiliensis, Brazil callalily,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Richardia,humistrata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Richardia,scabra,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Richardia,scabra, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Richardia,scabra, Weed Science List
  • Richardia,scabra, Florida purslane,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Richardia,stellaris,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Richardia,stellaris, Weed Science List
  • Rubia,peregrina, Wild Madder,"SW Europe, UK & Eire inc Greece",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rubia,peregrina, Wild Madder,"SW Europe, UK & Eire inc Greece",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rubia,tinctorum, Madder,"Central & Southern Europe, less in Central & Western regions",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rubia,tinctorum, Madder,"Central & Southern Europe, less in Central & Western regions",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sherardia,arvensis,field madder,XXXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sherardia,arvensis, Field Madder,"Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,12","Eur,NW As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Sherardia,arvensis, Field matter,95% germ at optimum temp of 13C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Sherardia,arvensis, Field madder,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sherardia,arvensis, Field madder,Weed Science List
  • Sherardia,arvensis, Field madder,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spermacoce,articulatis, Weed Science List
  • Spermacoce,laevis, buttonplant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ruppiaceae
  • Ruppia,maritima,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ruppia,maritima, var. rostrata Ruppia rostellata,Widgeon grass,seeds germ at once after harvest or following spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; total germ 44%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ruppia,maritima, Weed Science List
  • Rutaceae
  • Aegle,marmelos,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Agathosma,crenulata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Casimiroa,edulis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Choisya,ternata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Citrus,aurantifolia, lime,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Citrus,aurantium, sour orange,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Citrus,lemonica, Rough Lemon ,Major WeedTREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Citrus,limon,bush lemon,XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Citrus,limonia, Rough Lemon ,Trees/Shrubs.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Citrus,limonia, Weed Science List
  • Citrus,medica, Weed Science List
  • Citrus,sinensis, sweet orange,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Citrus,X limonia,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coleonema,album,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coleonema,album, Weed Science List
  • Coleonema,pulchellum,Diosma,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coleonema,pulchellum, Diosma,"Dispersal: Water,?Ant. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Coleonema,pulchrum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coleonema,pulchrum, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Murraya,exotica,orange jessamine,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Murraya,exotica, Murraya ,SHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Murraya,koenigii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Murraya,paniculata,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Murraya,paniculata, "Region of origin - India, Malesia; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Murraya,paniculata, Murraya ,Trees/Shrubs.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Murraya,paniculata,orange-jasmine,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Poncirus,trifoliata, "trifoliate orange, hardy orange",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Ptelea,trifoliata, hoptree,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ruta,graveolens,rue,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ruta,graveolens, "Region of origin - SE Eur, Balkans Peninsula; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Ruta,graveolens, Rue,Dispersal: ?Ant. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,"Introduced deliberately from: SE Eur,SW As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Severina,buxifolia,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Triphasia,trifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Triphasia,trifoliata,lime berry,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Zanthoxylum,americanum, pricklyash,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Zanthoxylum,clava-herculis, herculesclub,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Zanthoxylum,fagara, Arum lily,Weed Science List
  • Zanthoxylum,fagara, colima,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Zanthoxylum,fagara, Arum lily,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Salicaceae
  • Populus,alba,"white poplar, silver-leafed poplar, abele",XXXXwH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Populus,alba, White Poplar,Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,"Introduced deliberately from: Eur,W As,N Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Populus,alba, White poplar ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Populus,alba, white populus,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Populus,alba, white poplar,"Woody SpeciesInvades: riverbanks, vleis, dongasCultivated for: timber, shelter, ornament",Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Populus,alba, white poplar,"Woody SpeciesInvades: riverbanks, vleis, dongasCultivated for: timber, shelter, ornament",Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Populus,alba, poplar,Weed Science List
  • Populus,alba, white poplar,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Populus,alba,white poplar,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Populus,balsamifera, balsam poplar,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Populus,canescens,poplar,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Populus,canescens, poplar,Weed Science List
  • Populus,canescens, poplar,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Populus,deltoides, eastern cottonwood,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Populus,fremontii, Fremont cottonwood,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Populus,grandidentata, bigtooth aspen,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Populus,heterophylla, swamp cottonwood,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Populus,nigra,"Lombardy poplar, black cherry",XXwH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Populus,nigra, Lombardy Poplar,Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,"Introduced deliberately from: C As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Populus,nigra, black poplar,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Populus,nigra, poplar,Weed Science List
  • Populus,nigra var. italica, Lombardy poplar,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Populus,sargentii, plains cottonwood,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Populus,spp., poplar,Weed Science List
  • Populus,tremula,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Populus,tremula, "Region of origin - Eur, Medit, Asia, Japan; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Populus,tremuloides, trembling aspen,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Populus,trichocarpa, black cottonwood,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Populus,var. wislizenii, Rio Grande cottonwood,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Populus,x canadensis, Carolina poplar,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Populus,x canescens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Populus,x canescens, gray poplar,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Populus,x canescens, grey poplar,"Woody SpeciesInvades: riverbanks, vleis, dongasCultivated for: timber, shelter, ornament, donga reclamation",Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Populus,x canescens, grey poplar,"Woody SpeciesInvades: riverbanks, vleis, dongasCultivated for: timber, shelter, ornament, donga reclamation",Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Populus,x jackii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Populus,x jackii, Region of origin - C & E N Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental ,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,alba,white willow,HH,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,alba,White Willow,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,alba,White Willow,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,alba,White Willow,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,alba,white willow,X,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,alba, x S. matsudana,Region of origin - Nursery; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,alba, var. vitellina,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,alba, White Willow,"Dispersal: Water/Vegetative. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,N Af,W As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: ?",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Salix,alba, white willow,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Salix,alba, Weed Science List
  • Salix,alba,X fragilis,Weed Science List
  • Salix,alba, white willow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salix,amygdaloides, peachleaf willow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salix,atrocinerea, Weed Science List
  • Salix,babylonica,weeping willow,HXXXH,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,babylonica, Weeping Willow,"Dispersal: Water/Vegetative. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10","Introduced deliberately from: Ch and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Salix,babylonica, weeping willow,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Salix,babylonica, weeping willow,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationWoody SpeciesInvades: watercoursesCultivated for: shade, ornament, fodder, erosion control; provides honey",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Salix,babylonica, weeping willow,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationWoody SpeciesInvades: watercoursesCultivated for: shade, ornament, fodder, erosion control; provides honey",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Salix,babylonica, Weed Science List
  • Salix,bebbiana, Weed Science List
  • Salix,bebbiana, Bebb willow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salix,bebbiana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Salix,caprea,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,caprea, Weed Science List
  • Salix,caroliniana, ward willow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salix,caudata, whiplash willow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salix,cinerea,grey sallow,A,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,cinerea,grey sallow,A,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,cinerea,grey sallow,HA,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,cinerea, Grey Sallow,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub/Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10,15","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,W As,N Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Salix,cinerea, Weed Science List
  • Salix,discolor,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,exigua, Weed Science List
  • Salix,exigua, sandbar willow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salix,exigua, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Salix,fragilis,crack willow,XXA,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,fragilis,crack willow,XXA,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,fragilis,crack willow,XXA,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,fragilis,crack willow,XXA,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,fragilis, var. fragilis x S. nigra,Region of origin - Natural' hybrid; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,fragilis, var. furcata,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,fragilis, crack willow,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Salix,fragilis, "crack willow, brittle willow","Woody SpeciesInvades: watercoursesCultivated for: shade, ornament",Origin: W. Europe,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Salix,fragilis, "crack willow, brittle willow","Woody SpeciesInvades: watercoursesCultivated for: shade, ornament",Origin: W. Europe,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Salix,fragilis, Weed Science List
  • Salix,humboltiana,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,humboltiana, var. pyramidalis,Region of origin - Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,interior, ditchbank willow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salix,laevigata, red willow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salix,lasiandra, Pacific willow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salix,lutea, yellow willow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salix,matsudana,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,matsudana,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,matsudana," cv. ""Tortuosa""",Region of origin - China ; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,matsudana, x chrysochroma,Region of origin - garden?; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,nigra,black willow,A,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,nigra, Region of origin - USA; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,nigra, black willow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
    Salix,petiolaris, meadow willow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salix,purpurea,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,purpurea, Region of origin - Eur to Japan; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - soil stabilisation,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,purpurea, ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Salix,sp.,X rubens,Weed Science List
  • Salix,spp., willows,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Salix,spp.,willows,HXXXXw,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,spp., Willows ,TREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Salix,triandra, Weed Science List
  • Salix,viminalis,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,viminalis, basket willow,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Salix,viminalis, Weed Science List
  • Salix,X chrysocoma,willow,X,L,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,X pendulina,L,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,x pendulina, Region of origin - garden; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,X reichardtii,L,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,x reichardtii, Region of origin - Eur hybrid; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,X rubens,crack willow,H,L,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,x rubens, Crack Willow,"Dispersal: Water/Vegetative. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10,13,14","Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Salix,X rubra,L,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,x rubra, Region of origin - Eur hybrid; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - soil stabilisation,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,X sepulcralis,L,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,X sepulcralis,L,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salix,x sepulcralis, var. sepulcralis,Region of origin - garden; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salix,x sepulcralis, var. chrysocoma,Region of origin - garden; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Salviniaceae
  • Salvinia,molesta, "Kariba weed, salvinia","Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents availableHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: slow-moving water in rivers & dams, in frost-free regionsCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Salvinia,molesta, "Kariba weed, salvinia","Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents availableHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: slow-moving water in rivers & dams, in frost-free regionsCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Salvinia,molesta, Salvinia N ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Salvinia,molesta, salvinia, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Salvinia,molesta,syn Salvinia auriculata,salvinia,"on stagnant or slow-flowing shallow water; ponds, lakes, watercourses, fishponds; up to 1800 alt in W Java; sometimes very abundant & covering the whole water surface (when the water is stagnant or slow-moving); lowland-irrigated rice fields, a weed of mi","S Amer, pantropic; in Indonesia: so far found in Sumatra, Java & Kalimantan","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Salvinia,molesta, salvinia,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Salvinia,natans, Weed Science List
  • Salvinia,natans, Salvinia,"annual sub-dominance Aquatic weed, free-floating", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Salvinia,natans,syn ,"irrigated fields, ditches & shallow pools; up to 1600m alt; locally often abundant, a weed of minor importance, ","temperate zone of the northern half of the Old World, SE Asia; from S Afr to C Eur; in Indonesia: so far found in Java & Sulawesi","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Salvinia,natans, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Salvinia,nymphellula, Weed Science List
  • Salvinia,nymphellula, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Salvinia,rotundifolia, Salvinia,vegetative propagation,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Salvinia,rotundifolia, Weed Science List
  • Salvinia,auriculata, Salvinia ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Salvinia,cucullata, Weed Science List
  • Salvinia,cucullata,syn ,small rat's ear,"in sunny open waters; up to 700m alt; lowland-irrigated rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","temperate zone of the northern half of the Old World, SE Asia; from India to W Aust; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Salvinia,cucullata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Salvinia,molesta, salvinia,", ",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Salvinia,molesta, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Salvinia,molesta,Salvinia auriculata (misapplied),"salvinia, karibaweed",XXXHHH,NL,"NSW; Vic; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Tas, ACT",Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salvinia,rotundifolia, salvinia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salvinia,rotundifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Salvinia,spp.,salvinia,XXXXX,NLPQ,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salvinia,spp., P,All Salvinia spp. are prohibited by AQIS except S. molesta (which is Declared in W.A.),Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Salvinia,molesta, Salvinia auriculata (misapplied),"salvinia, karibaweed","spread throughout world as aquarium plant escape; serious weed of rivers, streams, lakes, storage dams, & even rice fields, ","native to S Amer, mainly along east coast of Aust from Ulladulla in southern NSW to Julatten in northern Qld; Alligator River system in Darwin; upper reaches of Mitchell River on Cape York Peninsula; Melbourne Vic; Adelaide & Wikerie SA; Perth area & D","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Sambucaceae
  • Sambucus,callicarpa, Pacific red elder,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sambucus,canadensis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sambucus,canadensis, American elder,"seeds planted in greenhouse after collection germ 5% within 55-330days, those in planted in soil flats & exposed to winter weather outdoors for 83days germ 57% within 25-70days after transfer to greenhouse",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Sambucus,canadensis, American elder,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sambucus,gaudichaudiana,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sambucus,glauca, blueberry elder,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sambucus,nigra,elderberry,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sambucus,nigra, Weed Science List


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