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Plant family: Poaceae

  • Poaceae
  • Achnatherum,brachychaetum,Stipa brachychaeta,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Achnatherum,brachychaetum, Punagrass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Achnatherum,caudatum,Stipa caudata,L,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Acroceras,zizanioides, Weed Science List
  • Acroceras,zizanioides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Aegilops,cylindrica, Jointed Goatgrass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Aegilops,cylindrica, Jointed goatgrass,alternation of temp of 10 -30C for good germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Aegilops,cylindrica, Jointed goatgrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Aegilops,cylindrica, Goatgrass,Weed Science List
  • Aegilops,cylindrica, jointed goatgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Aegilops,cylindrica, Goatgrass,P,"Weed of Significant concern in the USAGenetically very similiar to wheat, can hybridise with wheat, and now concern has been raised that it may accept the herbicide resistant genes from HR wheat and develop a hybrid HR weed that cannot be Controled at ",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Aegilops,kotschyi, seeds of recently matured spikelets 70 % germ at 5C; naked caryopses 97% at 5C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Aegilops,ovata, Ovate Goatgrass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Aegilops,spp., (other than A. cylindrica),Goatgrasses,Weed Science List
  • Aegilops,spp., Goatgrass,P,Whole genus prohibited entry by AQIS,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Aegilops,triuncialis, Barb Goatgrass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Aegilops,triuncialis, Barbed Goatgrass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Aegilops,triuncialis, Barb goatgrass,"dormancy in fresh seed, needs period of storage min 6wks, longer better",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Aegilops,triuncialis, barb goatgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Agropogon x,littoralis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Agropyron,caninum," Roegneria canina, Agriopyrum caninum, Triticum caninum",Bearded Couch Grass,Not usually an arable weed,"Eur, Asia, NAmer",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Agropyron,intermedium," Agriopyrum glaucum, Triticum glaucum",Chiendent glauque,Serious grass weed of central and northern Europe arable areas,South & Central Eur,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Agropyron,littoralis, Weed Science List
  • Agropyron,repens, Quackgrass,"freshly harvested seed& seed dry stored, but not heated overwinter, very temp. sensitive during germ. alternating temps 19-26C & 10-30C gave very high germ results. Seeds overwintered outdoors in pots 92% seedlig emergence ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Agropyron,repens," Elytrigia repens, Agropyrum repens, Agriopyrum repens, Triticum repens","Couch grass, Quack grass",Serious grass weed of southern European/medit arable areas,"Eur, NAf, NAmer, sSAmer, Aust",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Agropyron,repens, Quackgrass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Agropyron,repens, Quack grass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Agropyron,repens,syn. Elymus repens,Twitch grass,Weed Science List
  • Agropyron,repens, quackgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Agropyron,semicostatum, Weed Science List
  • Agropyron,semicostatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Agropyron,smithii, western wheatgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Agropyron,tsukushiense, Weed Science List
  • Agropyron,tsukushiense, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Agrostis,alba, Weed in poor site , Hokkaido Miyagi Miyasaki Niigata Oita ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Agrostis,alba, redtop,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Agrostis,capillaris,Brown-top Bent,A,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Agrostis,capillaris,Brown-top Bent,A,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Agrostis,capillaris,Brown-top Bent,HXA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Agrostis,capillaris, Brown-top Bent,"Dispersal: animal external,Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4-6,8,9,15","Introduced deliberately from: N hem, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Agrostis,capillaris, (A. tenuis) Colonial bentgrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Agrostis,capillaris, colonial bentgrass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Agrostis,capillaris, Weed Science List
  • Agrostis,clavata, , Miyagi Miyasaki Oita ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Agrostis,geniculata, Weed Science List
  • Agrostis,gigantea,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Agrostis,gigantea, A. alba,"Black bent, Red top","Tenacious nox weed in maize, beet, veg crops, vineyards and orchards","Eur, E Asia, n Amer, Aust, NZ",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Agrostis,gigantea, redtop,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Agrostis,hiemalis, Weed Science List
  • Agrostis,scabra, rough bentgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Agrostis,spicaventi, Weed Science List
  • Agrostis,spicaventi, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Agrostis,stolonifera,Creeping Bent,HX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Agrostis,stolonifera, A. alba,Creeping bent,"Weed in maize, beet, veg crops, vineyards and orchards. Prefers wet locations","Eur, Asia & N Amer",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Agrostis,stolonifera, Creeping Bent,"Dispersal: animal external,Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9","Introduced deliberately from: N Hem and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Agrostis,stolonifera, Creeping bentgrass,amitrole 1986 Belgium Pear , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Agrostis,stolonifera, (A. alba) Creeping bentgrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Agrostis,stolonifera, Weed Science List
  • Agrostis,tenuis, A. vulgaris,"Common bent grass, brown top, Sand couch","Ocass in crops, vineyards, all kinds of permanent grasslands","Eur, N Asia, N Amer, Algiers",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Aira,caryophyllea,Sliver Hair-Grass,HXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Aira,caryophyllea, Sliver Hair-Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,8,9,12","Eur, As, Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Aira,caryophyllea, Weed Science List
  • Aira,caryophyllea, silver hairgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Aira,cupaniana,Hair-Grass,XXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Aira,cupaniana,bas Aira capillaris,Hair-Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,6","Eur, As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Aira,cupaniana,bas Aira capillaris,Weed Science List
  • Aira,elegans,Aira elegantissima,Hair-Grass,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Aira,elegantissima,= Aira elegans,Hair-Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,9,12","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Aira,elegantissima,= Aira elegans,Weed Science List
  • Aira,praecox,Early Hair-Grass,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Aira,praecox, Early Hair-Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Aira,praecox, poor germ of freshly harvested seed; best germ in darkness with alternating temps 10-20C after 10 wks dry storage,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Aira,praecox, Weed Science List
  • Aira,provincialis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Aira,provincialis, Weed Science List
  • Alopecurus,aequalis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Alopecurus,aequalis, "dormancy 4mths in dry stored seed at room temp, broken by holding moist conditions at 1-5C for 1-2wks; 40% germ after treatment at 20C for 10days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Alopecurus,aequalis, Weed Science List
  • Alopecurus,aequalis, annual dominant weed barley & wheat crops , Upland Korea Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Alopecurus,aequalis, "short-awned foxtail, orange-foxtail",An annual grassy weed found in lowland areas of several temperate regions.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Alopecurus,geniculatus,Marsh Fox-tail,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Alopecurus,geniculatus, Marsh Fox-tail,"Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 9,10","N Hem, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Alopecurus,geniculatus, Weed Science List
  • Alopecurus,geniculatus, water foxtail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Alopecurus,japoniens, ,chlortoluron 1990 China Cereals , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, A. agrestis,"Slender fox-tail, Black Grass","Serious weed in winter cereals, rape seed, beans, root crops and present in other crops.Mentioned in Lazarides "Weeds" Book","Orig native Medit, Central west & north Eur, W Asia, N Amer, NZ",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, Blackgrass ,chlortoluron 1982 United Kingdom Cereals , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, Blackgrass ,chlortoluron 1989 The Netherlands Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, Blackgrass ,chlortoluron 1991 Spain Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, Blackgrass ,"isoproturon 1983 Germany Wheat, Sugarbeet ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, Blackgrass ,isoproturon 1996 Belgium Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, Blackgrass ,diclofop 1982 United Kingdom Cereals , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, Blackgrass ,fenoxaprop 1996 Belgium Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, Blackgrass ,sulfonylureas 1984 United Kingdom Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, Blackgrass ,dinitroanilines 1987 United Kingdom Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, Blackgrass ,triazines 1979 Israel Roadside , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, Black twitch ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, Weed Science List
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, "slender foxtail, blackgrass, mousetail grass","one of the most serious grass weeds in cereal fields of W Eur. Its winter annual growth habit is ideally adapted to winter cereal production and interestingly, it is most abundant and serious in its center of origin.","Native to Eur & the Medit region,",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Alopecurus,myosuroides, "short-awned foxtail, orange-foxtail","one of the most serious grass weeds in cereal fields of W Eur. Its winter annual growth habit is ideally adapted to winter cereal production and interestingly, it is most abundant and serious in its center of origin.","Native to Eur & the Medit region,",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Alopecurus,pratensis,Meadow Fox-tail,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Alopecurus,pratensis, Meadow Fox-tail,Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 9,"Euras, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Alopecurus,pratensis, Weed Science List
  • Alopecurus,pratensis, meadow foxtail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ammophila,arenaria,Marram Grass,HXXX,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ammophila,arenaria, European Beach Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Ammophila,arenaria, Marram Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1","Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ammophila,arenaria, European beachgrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Ammophila,arenaria, European beach grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Ammophila,arenaria, Weed Science List
  • Ammophila,arenaria, European beachgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ammophila,arenaria, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ammophila,breviligulata, American beachgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ammophila,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Andropogon,barbinodis, cane bluestem,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Andropogon,bicornis, Weed Science List
  • Andropogon,bicornis, West Indian foxtailgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Andropogon,bicornis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Andropogon,condensatus, Weed Science List
  • Andropogon,condensatus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Andropogon,distachyos,gamba grass,Xw,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Andropogon,distachyos, Weed Science List
  • Andropogon,gayanus,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Andropogon,gerardi, big bluestem,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Andropogon,glomeratus, bushy beardgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Andropogon,lateralis, Weed Science List
  • Andropogon,lateralis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Andropogon,saccharoides, silver beardgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Andropogon,scoparius, little bluestem,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Andropogon,ternarius, splitbeard bluestem,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Andropogon,virginicus,"whisky grass, broomsedge",XX,GP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Andropogon,virginicus, "whisky grass, broomsedge","is of little fodder value, large dense infestations reduce useful grazing area & pasture productivity","native of the Americas, is common throughout the eastern half of US & California, extending to West Indies & trop S Amer; now spread to many of Old World tropics & Aust""eastern areas of Aust, particularly coast of northern NSW & southern Qld""","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Andropogon,virginicus, whisky grass broomsedge,Weed Science List
  • Andropogon,virginicus, broomsedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Andropogon,virginicus, whisky grass broomsedge,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Anthephora,pubescens, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Anthoxanthum,aristatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anthoxanthum,artistatum, Region of origin - S Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Anthoxanthum,odoratum, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Anthoxanthum,odoratum,scented or sweet Vernal-grass,HXAHw,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anthoxanthum,odoratum, Sweet Vernal-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4-6,8,9,14,15,","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Anthoxanthum,odoratum, Sweet vernalgrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Anthoxanthum,odoratum, sweet vernal grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Anthoxanthum,odoratum, Weed Science List
  • Anthoxanthum,odoratum, , Miyagi ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Anthoxanthum,odoratum, sweet vernalgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Anthoxanthum,puelii, A. aristatum,Annual Vernal grass,"Nox grass in winter cereals, occas root crops. Similiar A. odoratum is perennial, not signif arable weed.","Medit north to Western France, S and W England. Widely intro'd to NW Germany, rare south and absent central Germany.",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Apera,interrupta, Dense Silky bent,"Rarer than A. spica-venti, thives in dry sandy soils","Sporadic in SW Germany, rare & casual in N, W & S Eur",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Apera,interrupta, (Agrostis interrupta) Interrupted apera ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Apera,interrupta, dense silky bent,P,"Rarer than A. spica-venti, thives in dry sandy soils","Sporadic in SW Germany, rare & casual in N, W & S Eur",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Apera,spica-venti, Agrostis spica-venti,Loose Silky bent,Nox weed predom in winter cereals,"W, Central, N Eur",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Apera,spica-venti, Agrostis spica-venti,"optimum temp for germ is alternation of 2-5C to 25C, with weak daylight; in darkness best germ obtained with alternating temps of 5-22C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Apera,spica-venti, Wind Bentgrass,isoproturon 1994 Switzerland Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Apera,spica-venti, (L),Weed Science List
  • Apera,spica-venti, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Aristida,benthamii,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Aristida,congesta, Weed Science List
  • Aristida,congesta, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Aristida,dichotoma, churchmouse threeawn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Aristida,junciformis, Weed Science List
  • Aristida,junciformis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Aristida,longiseta, red threeawn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Aristida,oligantha, prairie threeawn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Aristida,purpurascens, arrowfeather threeawn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arrhenatherum,elatius, Tall oatgrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Arrhenatherum,elatius, Tall oatgrass,seed germs immediately after harvest with adequate moisture supply; dry stored seed retain viability for several years; bulbous variety can be vegetatively propageted by transplanting bulbs,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Arrhenatherum,elatius,"False Oat-grass, tall oat grass",Xw,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Arrhenatherum,elatius,False Oat-grass,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Arrhenatherum,elatius,False Oat-grass,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Arrhenatherum,elatius, False Oat-grass,"Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,6,8","Introduced deliberately from: Eur, N Af, W As, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Arrhenatherum,elatius, tall oatgrass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Arrhenatherum,elatius, Weed Science List
  • Arrhenatherum,elatius, tall oatgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arrhenatherum,elatius ssp. bulbosum, syn. Avena elatior,"Tall or False Oat grass, Onion couch",The small bulbils can lead to spp becoming troublesome in crops,"Eur, N Africa, W Asia, N Amer, Aust",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Arthraxon,hispidus,hairy jointgrass,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Arundinaria,pygmaea, , Miyasaki ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Arundinaria,spp., Bamboo ,Trees/Shrubs.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Arundinaria,tecta, switch cane,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arundinella,bengalensis, Weed Science List
  • Arundinella,bengalensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Arundinella,hirta, , Miyagi Miyasaki Oita Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Arundinella,leptochloa, Weed Science List
  • Arundinella,leptochloa, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Arundo,donax, giant reed,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Arundo,donax,Giant Danube Reed,XXX,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Arundo,donax, Giant Reed ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Arundo,donax, Giant Danube Reed,"Dispersal: Water,?Vegetative. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8","Introduced deliberately from: S Eur, As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Arundo,donax, "giant reed, wild cane",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Arundo,donax, giant reed,"Woody SpeciesInvades:watercourses; unlike inigenous reeds often occurs on roadsides and other sites away from water.Cultivated for: ornament, screening",Origin: Europe,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Arundo,donax, giant reed,"Woody SpeciesInvades:watercourses; unlike inigenous reeds often occurs on roadsides and other sites away from water.Cultivated for: ornament, screening",Origin: Europe,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Arundo,donax, Weed Science List
  • Arundo,donax, giant reed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arundo,donax,"giant reed, elephant grass","RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Avellinia,michelii,Avellinia,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Avellinia,michelii, Avellinia,"Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 3,4","Med, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Avena,abyssinica, Weed Science List
  • Avena,barbata, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Avena,barbata,Bearded Oat,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Avena,barbata, Bearded Oat,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,8,9,12","Med, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Avena,barbata, Slender oat,freshly harvested seed has a dormancy period of 3-5mths,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
    Avena,barbata, Weed Science List
  • Avena,barbata, slender oat,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Avena,barbata subsp. wiestsii,syn ,"fields, gardens, orchards","Medit, Afr, Eur, Asia; introduced into N & S Amer","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Avena,byzantina, Weed Science List
  • Avena,fatua,wild oats,HXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Avena,fatua,Wild Oat,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Avena,fatua, Spring or Common wild oat,Sig weed of cereals crops,"Eur, N Afr, Central Asia, N Amer, S Afr, Aust",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Avena,fatua, Wild Oat,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,8,12","Med, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Avena,fatua, Wild oat,"fresh seed needs 4-7mths dry storage to break dormancy; increase germ of seed by removing lemma & palea,pricking/breaking seed coat, reputuring seed coat by exposing seeds to ethylene gas, soaking seeds for 12-24hrs in 1-2% potassium nitrate soln",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Avena,fatua, Wild oat,pronamide 1990 USA , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Avena,fatua, Wild oat,triallate 1992 Canada Cereals , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Avena,fatua, Wild oat,triallate 1993 USA Cereals , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Avena,fatua, Wild oat,diclofop 1985 Australia Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Avena,fatua, Wild oat,diclofop 1986 South Africa Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Avena,fatua, Wild oat,diclofop 1990 Canada Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Avena,fatua, Wild oat,diclofop 1990 USA Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Avena,fatua, Wild oat,diclofop 1995 Chile , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Avena,fatua, Wild oat,imazamethabenz 1994 Canada Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Avena,fatua,syn ,Wild oat,"fields, gardens, orchards","Medit, Afr, Eur, Asia; introduced into N & S Amer","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Avena,fatua, Weed Science List
  • Avena,fatua,X sativa,Weed Science List
  • Avena,fatua, biennial sub-dominance , Upland Korea ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Avena,fatua, wild oat,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Avena,ludoviciana, A. sterilis var. ludoviciana,Winter Wild Oat,Occurs almost exclusively in Winter cereals due to low temp conditions needed for germination.,"S & Central Eur, Native Medit",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Avena,sativa,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Avena,sativa, Weed Science List
  • Avena,sterilis,Sterile Oat,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Avena,sterilis,Sterile Oat,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Avena,sterilis, Wild oat,"diclofop 1989 Australia Wheat, Clover ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Avena,sterilis, Wild oat,fenoxaprop 1993 United Kingdom Cereals , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Avena,sterilis,syn ,"fields, gardens, orchards","Medit, Afr, Eur, Asia; introduced into N & S Amer","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Avena,sterilis, Weed Science List
  • Avena,strigosa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Avena,strigosa, Bristle or Small Oat,"Rare on poor soils, Similiar spp to A. fatua","Intro N & Central Eur, Amer",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Avena,strigosa, Weed Science List
  • Avena ,sterilis, Sterile Oat,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,12,","Eur, In Victoria: ?Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Axonopus,affinis, Weed Science List
  • Axonopus,affinis, carpetgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Axonopus,compressus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Axonopus,compressus, Very similiar to Cynodon dactylon,Common in tropical areas,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Axonopus,compressus, Weed Science List
  • Axonopus,compressus, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Axonopus,compressus,"syn Anastrophus compressus, Panicum platycaulon, Paspalum compressum, Paspalum platycaulon","blanket grass, carpet grass, savannah grass","both everwet areas & in areas with a pronounced dry season; in sunny to shaded, somewhat moist sites (not desiccating in the dry season), but not in soggy places; in lawns, grassy roadsides, rubber & tea plantations; usually gregarious & forming a dense m","tropical Amer, pantropical, also subtropical, in the New World from the southern USA to Argentina; throughout Indonesia, so far not found in the Lesser Sunda Islands & the Moluccas","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Axonopus,fissifolius,A. affinis,carpet grass,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bambusa,arundinacea, Weed Science List
  • Bambusa,balcooa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bambusa,spp.,bamboo,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bambusa,spp., clumping bamboo,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Bambusa,vulgaris,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Beckmannia,syzigachne, American Sloughgrass,chlortoluron 1993 China Cereals , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Bothriochloa,biloba,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bothriochloa,bladhii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bothriochloa,insculpta,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bothriochloa,macra,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bothriochloa,pertusa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bouteloua,aristidoides, sixweeks needle grama,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bouteloua,barbata, sixweeks grama,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Brachiaria,advena,Urochloa advena,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brachiaria,brizantha,Urochloa brizantha,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brachiaria,brizantha, Weed Science List
  • Brachiaria,ciliatissima, fringed signalgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Brachiaria,decumbens,Urochloa decumbens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brachiaria,deflexa, Weed Science List
  • Brachiaria,deflexa, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Brachiaria,eruciformis,syn Panicum eruciforme,Signal grass,"gardens, orchards; summer weed in fields of cotton & other summer crops","E Medit, S Eur, W Asia, trop. E Afr; introduced into N Amer","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Brachiaria,eruciformis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brachiaria,eruciformis, Weed Science List
  • Brachiaria,eruciformis,"syn Panicum eruciformis, Panicum isachne, Brachiaria isachne","areas witha pronounced dry season; in swampy, periodically desiccating sites,also along roadsides; usually on heavy soils; up to 250m alt; locally sometimes common, but not forming a closed stand of vegetation; rainfed & upland rice fields, a weed of mino","unknown, in Indonesia: so far only in Java & Madura","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Brachiaria,fasciculata,Urochloa fasciculata var. reticulata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brachiaria,fasciculata, Weed Science List
  • Brachiaria,humidicola,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brachiaria,humidicola, Region of origin - Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - agriculture - pasture,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Brachiaria,mutica, "para grass, buffalo grass","southern Asia, vegetables, wetlands",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis and Futuna ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Brachiaria,mutica,Urochloa mutica,XXHH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brachiaria,mutica, = Panicum purpurescens,Similiar to but denser hairs than B. platyphylla,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Brachiaria,mutica, Weed Science List
  • Brachiaria,mutica, Pasture grasses and legumes , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Brachiaria,mutica,"syn Panicum muticum, Panicum purpurascens, Brachiaria purpurascens","para grass, Mauritius grass, buffalo grass","moist to marshy, sunny to lightly shaded sites, in pools & swamps, in & along ditches & drains, most kinds of agricultural land, plantations, etc; under wet conditions it can form pure stands of 1m thick stolon-mats; tolerates brackish water; up to 1500m ","tropical Afr, pantropical; throughout Indonesia, so far not found in the Moluccas & Irian Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Brachiaria,mutica,par grass,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Brachiaria,paspaloides, Weed Science List
  • Brachiaria,paspaloides,"syn Brachiaria ambigua, Panicum ambiguum","in not too dry, but also not wet, sunny to lightly shaded sites; grassy roadsides, lawns, plantations;sometimes abundant; in Malaysia mostly near the sea; in Java up to 1200m alt; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, sometimes cultivated as a f","unknown, Sri Lanka, India, Burma, Thailand, Malesia; throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Brachiaria,paspaloides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Brachiaria,plantaginea, Similiar to B. platyphylla,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Brachiaria,plantaginea, Alexandergrass ,ACCase 1997 Brazil Soybean , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Brachiaria,plantaginea, Weed Science List
  • Brachiaria,plantaginea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Brachiaria,platyphylla, B. extensa,Broadleaf signal grass,on sandy soils,USA southern states,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Brachiaria,platyphylla, Broadleaf signal grass,no special treatment necessary,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Brachiaria,platyphylla, broadleaf signalgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Brachiaria,ramosa,Urochloa ramosa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brachiaria,reptans, running grass,"old world tropics, vegetables, roadsides",Fiji; French Polynesia; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Brachiaria,reptans,"syn Brachiaria prostrata, Panicum reptans, Urochloa reptans","rather moist to rather dry soils of fields (it disappears after flooding), along roadsides, etc; in Java up to 1200m alt; locally abundant; gogo rancah & upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance; it is a good fodder grass, ","Afr, tropics of the Old & New World, from Polynesia to northern Aust; throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Brachiaria,subquadripara,"Urochloa subquadripara, B. miliiformis",Green Summergrass,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brachiaria,subquadripara, Green Summergrass,Weed Science List
  • Brachiaria,subquadripara,syn B. miliiformis,Green Summergrass,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Brachiaria,subquadriparia,syn B. milliiformis,green summer grass,"South America, vegetables, lawn, roadside",Cook Islands; Fiji; Guam; New Caledonia; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Brachiaria,texana,Urochloa texana,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brachyachne,convergens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brachypodium,distachyon, Mediterranean Annual Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Brachypodium,distachyon,False Brome,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brachypodium,distachyon, False Brome,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,12","Eur,As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Brachypodium,distachyon, FALSE brome,triazines 1975 Israel Roadside , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Brachypodium,distachyon, Weed Science List
  • Brachypodium,pinnatum, "Chalk False brome, Tor grass",Prefers moist calcareous soils,"Most of Eur, Asia and NW Africa",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Brachypodium,sylvaticum, False-brome ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Briza,maxima,Large Quaking -grass,HXXXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Briza,maxima, Large Quaking -grass,"Dispersal: Water,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,3,4,5,8,12,","Introduced deliberately from: Med and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Briza,maxima, Weed Science List
  • Briza,media, perennial quakinggrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Briza,minor,Lesser Quaking-grass,XXXXXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Briza,minor, Lesser Quaking-grass,"Dispersal: Water,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,8,9","Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Briza,minor, Weed Science List
  • Briza,minor, little quakinggrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Briza,subaristata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Briza,subaristata, Weed Science List
  • Briza ,media, Perennial quaking grass,seed germ immediately after harvest on their own at room temp,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Bromus,alopecuros,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,alopecuros, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,arenarius,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,arenarius, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,arenarius, Australian chess,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,arvensis, field brome,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,brevis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,brevis, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,brizaeformis, Rattlesnake chess,"fresh seed germ at 10-15C in dark; 1 yr old seed germ at 10, 20, or 30C ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Bromus,brizaeformis, Rattlegrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Bromus,brizaeformis, rattlesnake chess,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,catharticus,Prairie Grass,HXXXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,catharticus, Prairie Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,8,12","S Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Bromus,catharticus, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,catharticus,bromegrass,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Bromus,cebadilla,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,cebadilla, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,coloratus, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,commutatus, Hairy chess,1yr old seed germs in 5.5 days at 30C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Bromus,commutatus, hairy chess,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,commutatus, Hairy chess,P,Prohibited entry to Australia by AQIS,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Bromus,commutatus,bromegrass,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Bromus,diandrus,Great Brome,HXXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,diandrus, Great Brome,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,3,4,5,8,9,11,12","Med, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Bromus,diandrus, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,fonkii,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,hordeaceus,Soft Brome,HXXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,hordeaceus, Soft Brome,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4?","Eur, As, N Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Bromus,hordeaceus, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,hordeaceus,bromegrass,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Bromus,inermis,B. coloratus recorded but not naturalised in WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,inermis, Smooth brome ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Bromus,inermis, "smooth brome grass, Hungarian brome grass",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Bromus,inermis, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,inermis, smooth brome,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,inermis,Hungarina bromegrass,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Bromus,japonicus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,japonicus, Japanese brome,new seed germ at 10-15C; 1yr old seed germ well at all temps form 10-30C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Bromus,japonicus, Japanese brome ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Bromus,japonicus, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,japonicus, Japanese brome,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,japonicus,Japanese bromegrass,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Bromus,lanceolatus,Mediterranean Brome,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,lanceolatus, Mediterranean Brome,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,","S Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Bromus,lanceolatus, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,lithobius,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,madritensis,Compact Brome,HXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,madritensis, ssp rubens Red Brome ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Bromus,madritensis, Compact Brome,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,3,4,5,12","S Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Bromus,madritensis, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,molliformis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,mollis, Soft chess,dormancy about 1mth; germs well after dry storage,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Bromus,mollis, soft chess,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,pseudothominii, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,racemosus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,racemosus, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,racemosus, upright brome,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,rigidis, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,rigidus,rip gut,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,rigidus, Ripgut brome,"low germ of fresh seed, dormancy broken by seed dry storage of several mths, 1yr old germs well at between 10-30C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Bromus,rigidus, ripgut brome,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,rubens,Red Brome,HH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,rubens, Red Brome,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6","S Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Bromus,rubens, Red brome,"no germ of fresh seed, 2mths dry storage needed to break dormancy",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Bromus,rubens, foxtail brome,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Bromus,rubens, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,rubens, red brome,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,secalinus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,secalinus, Cheat,"1day old seed germ well at 15C; prechilling of moistened seed at 5C for 1 wk, then 20C or with alternating 20-30C temp; 96% germ of 1mth old seed under the same conditions",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Bromus,secalinus, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,secalinus, cheat,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,secalinus,bromegrass,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Bromus,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Bromus,squarrosus, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,stamineus, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,sterilis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,sterilis, Poverty brome ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Bromus,sterilis, Weed Science List
  • Bromus,sterilis, poverty brome,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,sterilis,bromegrass,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Bromus,tectorum, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Bromus,tectorum,drooping brome,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,tectorum, Cheat Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Bromus,tectorum, Downy brome,1wk old seed germ at 15C; prechilling at 5C for 1 wk good germ at 20C & 20-30C alternating; 2 mth old seed 96% germ any temp above,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Bromus,tectorum, Downy brome,chlortoluron 1990 Spain Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Bromus,tectorum, Downy brome,simazine 1990 Spain Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Bromus,tectorum, Downy brome,triazines 1981 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Bromus,tectorum, Cheatgrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Bromus,tectorum, cheat grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Bromus,tectorum, drooping brome,Weed Science List
  • Bromus,tectorum, downy brome,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,tectorum, drooping brome,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Bromus,tectorum,thatch bromegrass,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Bromus,willdenowii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus,willdenowii, rescuegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bromus,x pseudoothominii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bromus ,arvensis, Field Brome,"Europe, Temp Asia, N Amer",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Bromus ,commutatus, Meadow Brome,"Scattered to rare, esp in S to Central Germany","Eur, N Africa, West Asia, N Amer",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Bromus ,erectus, B. agrestis,Upright Brome,Prefers chalk soils,"S & central Eur, N Africa, Near East (intro to S Afr & Amer)",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Bromus ,japonicus, B. patulus,Japanese Brome,Uncommon species on cultivated and waste land,"Central and southern Europe, Near east to India, Intro to Asia, S Africa & USA",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Bromus ,mollis, B. hordeaceus ssp. thominii,"Soft Brome, Lop grass","Nox weed in grass seed production, neglected meadows and pastures on dry to moist ground: Similiar to B. racemosus","Eur, Near East, Japan, n Africa, Intro to N & S Amer",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Bromus ,racemosus, Common on moist cultivated fertile land,"Eur, intro USA",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Bromus ,rigidus, Ripgut,Important weed in pastures in USA,"Medit Region, N Amer, Aust",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Bromus ,rubens, Red Brome,"Medit Region, Aust",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Bromus ,secalinus, "Rye brome, Cheat grass","Unimportant arable weed, commonon waste ground","Eur, W Asia, n Africa, N Amer",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Bromus ,squarrosus, "On all soils, mostly waste ground, perennial crops, rare in arable land","S Eur, temp Asia, Medit Reg, USA",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Bromus ,sterilis, "Barren Brome, Poverty Brome","Pefers moist well drained soils in Hort situations, not common in cereal crops","Central & S Eur, S Scandin, UK, SW Asia, intro to N Amer",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Bromus ,tectorum, Drooping Brome,"Important weed in cereals on dry, warm mostly alkaline sandy to loamy soils","Most Eur, Near East, N Amer. Native Medit region",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Buchloe,dactyloides, buffalograss,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Calamagrostis,canadensis, bluejoint reedgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Calamagrostis,epigejos,"chee reedgrass, bush grass, wood smallreed",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Calamagrostis,epigejos, "Region of origin - Eur, Asia, Afr; Extent of spread - eradicated ?; Means of spread - unknown",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Calamagrostis,epigejos, Weed Science List
  • Calamagrostis,hakonensis, , Miyagi ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Capillipedium,spicigerum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Catapodium,marinum,Desmazeria marina,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Catapodium,rigidum,Desmazeria rigida,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cenchrus,biflorus,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cenchrus,biflorus, Weed Science List
  • Cenchrus,brownii,"slimbristle sandbur, burr grass",H,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cenchrus,brownii, Weed Science List
  • Cenchrus,brownii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cenchrus,caliculatus, hillside burrgrass,P,"Established in QLD and NSW, CSIRO Handbook of Australian WeedsBurrs a problem in wool",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cenchrus,ciliaris,buffel grass,XXHH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cenchrus,ciliaris, Weed Science List
  • Cenchrus,echinatus, sand burr,"tropical Asia, vegetables, coconut",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Cenchrus,echinatus,"Cenchrus brevisetus, Cenchrus pungens, Cenchrus quinquevlvis, Cenchrus viridis","Mossman River grass, burrgrass, burweed, sandbur, southern sandbur",XHX,L,NT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cenchrus,echinatus, Mossman river grass,Nox weed in tropical regions,"Tropical regions, S USA ocassionally intro to Eur, Aust",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Cenchrus,echinatus, Southern Sandbur ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cenchrus,echinatus, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Cenchrus,echinatus," Cenchrus brevisetus, Cenchrus pungens, Cenchrus quinquevlvis, Cenchrus viridis","Mossman River grass, burrgrass, burweed, sandbur, southern sandbur","serious weed of maize, sugarcane, cotton, peanuts, pastures & sometimes orchards, vineyards, vegetable crops & soyabeans; grows rapidly in moist conditions & competes for light, moisture & nutrients; burrs contaminate & injure","native of trop Amer extending from the southern US through the Caribbean region & C Amer to Colombia, Brazil, Arg & Chile; introd & prevalent in trop Afr, Madagascar, India, Israel & all countries bordering the Western Pacific Ocean""introd to Qld; presen","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cenchrus,echinatus, Mossman River grass,Weed Science List
  • Cenchrus,echinatus, southern sandbur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cenchrus,echinatus, Mossman River grass,P, May need to be revised as this spp. is not declared under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cenchrus,gracillimus, P,Prohibited entry to Australia by AQIS,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cenchrus,incertus,"spiny burr-grass, innocent weed, American burr grass, burgrass, coast sandbur, field burr, field sandbur, gentle annie, hedgehog grass, longspine sandbur, sandbur",L,NSW; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cenchrus,incertus, Coast Sandbur ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cenchrus,incertus, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Cenchrus,incertus," Cenchrus pauciflorus, Cenchrus incertus, Cenchrus tribuloides. Cenchrus longispinus, Cenchrus incertus","spiny burr-grass, innocent weed, American burr grass, burgrass, coast sandbur, field burr, field sandbur, gentle annie, hedgehog grass, longspine sandbur, sandbur","occupies open dry sandy stituations, & is a pioneer plant of disturbed sandy soils, also grows under irrigation; it is a weed because of its objectionable burrs; without these it would be a rather insignificant annual grass with some pasture value","originate in N & C Amer; estab as weed in S Afr, S Amer & some Medit countries""common in NSW, SA, Vic & Qld small patches in NT & WA from Perth to Geraldton""","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cenchrus,incertus, Innocent weed (n)," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Moveme","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Cenchrus,incertus, Weed Science List
  • Cenchrus,incertus, P, May need to be revised as this spp. is not declared under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cenchrus,longispinus,"spiny burr-grass, innocent weed, American burr grass, burgrass, coast sandbur, field burr, field sandbur, gentle annie, hedgehog grass, longspine sandbur, sandbur",XX,LP,NSW; Vic; Tas; SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cenchrus,longispinus, Mat Sandbur ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cenchrus,longispinus," Cenchrus pauciflorus, Cenchrus incertus, Cenchrus tribuloides. Cenchrus longispinus, Cenchrus incertus","spiny burr-grass, innocent weed, American burr grass, burgrass, coast sandbur, field burr, field sandbur, gentle annie, hedgehog grass, longspine sandbur, sandbur","occupies open dry sandy stituations, & is a pioneer plant of disturbed sandy soils, also grows under irrigation; it is a weed because of its objectionable burrs; without these it would be a rather insignificant annual grass with some pasture value","originate in N & C Amer; estab as weed in S Afr, S Amer & some Medit countries""common in NSW, SA, Vic & Qld small patches in NT & WA from Perth to Geraldton""","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cenchrus,longispinus, Longspine sandbur ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Cenchrus,longispinus, Innocent weed n," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Cenchrus,longispinus, "spiny burr-grass, innocent weed",Weed Science List
  • Cenchrus,longispinus, longspine sandbur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cenchrus,longispinus, "spiny burr-grass, innocent weed",P, May need to be revised as this spp. is not declared under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cenchrus,pauciflorus, C. longispinus,Spiny Burr grass,A weed of significant inconvieniece due to it's sticking burdocks,Tropical & Subtroppical crops in the Americas,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Cenchrus,pauciflorus, field sandbur,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cenchrus,pennisetiformis,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cenchrus,setiger,C. setigerus in SA,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cenchrus,setiger, Weed Science List
  • Cenchrus,spp., Weed Science List
  • Cenchrus,spp., (Buffel and Birdwood Grasses),P,Species from this genus are banned if not Identified as a permitted spp. AQIS prohibits all spiny species.,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cenchrus,tribuloides, "97% germ in 24 hrs & 99% in 10 days of lower burr; upper burr 57% in 24hrs & 89% in 10 days in a germinator, (upper & lower refer to positon in the burr)",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cenchrus ,biflorus,syn C. barbatus,"recently introduced; rapidly invading newly reclaimed sandy soils adjacent desert, east of Nile Delta & in some parts of Upper Egypt.",trop. & subtrop. Afr; introduced into some warm regions of Asia & Amer,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Chionochloa,beddiei, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Chionochloa,flavicans, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Chionochloa,rubra, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Chionochloa,spiralis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Chloris,barbata, swollen fingergrass,"old world tropics (Africa?), pasture, roadsides",Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Chloris,chloridea, Weed Science List
  • Chloris,chloridea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Chloris,ciliata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chloris,ciliata, 16% germ of intact seed in darkness & 76% germ in light at 33-34C; dehulled seeds germ 95% in darkness & 96% in light at 33-34C; intact seed germ well in darkness alt. temp of 2hrs at 33-34C then 22hrs at 19-20C or 8hrs at 33-34C then 16hrs at 19-20C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Chloris,ciliata, Weed Science List
  • Chloris,divaricata, Australian stargrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Chloris,gayana,Rhodes Grass,XHXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chloris,gayana, Rhodes Grass,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Vegetative,?Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Introduced deliberately from: Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Chloris,gayana, Weed Science List
  • Chloris,gayana, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Chloris,gayana, rhodesgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Chloris,halophila, Weed Science List
  • Chloris,halophila, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Chloris,inflata,Chloris barbata,XXHX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chloris,inflata, Swollen fingergrass,"diuron 1987 USA Sugarcane, Roadsides ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Chloris,inflata, Swollen fingergrass,"ametryn 1987 USA Sugarcane, Roadsides ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Chloris,inflata, Weed Science List
  • Chloris,inflata, swollen fingergrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Chloris,pilosa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chloris,radiata, radiate fingergrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Chloris,verticillata, tumble windmillgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Chloris,virgata,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chloris,virgata, Weed Science List
  • Chloris,virgata, feather fingergrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Coix,aquatica, Weed Science List
  • Coix,aquatica, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Coix,gigantea,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coix,gigantea, Weed Science List
  • Coix,gigantea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Coix,lacryma-jobi,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coix,lacryma-jobi, Weed Science List
  • Cortaderia,jubata, pampas grass,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Cortaderia,jubata,Cortaderia atacamensis,"(NZ variety) cortaderia, pink pampas grass, pampas grass, purple pampas grass",HH,LP,NSW; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cortaderia,jubata, "Andean Pampas Grass, Jubatagrass ","California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cortaderia,jubata, Region of origin - S Amer; Extent of spread - localised - spreading; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Cortaderia,jubata, Pink Pampas Grass,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,8,9","Introduced deliberately from: S Am and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Cortaderia,jubata, Cortaderia atacamensis,"(NZ variety) cortaderia, pink pampas grass, pampas grass, purple pampas grass",recently introd to Tas as an ornamental & being highly invasive is already replacing native species & becoming potentially a greater problem than Cortaderia selloana; occurs on the mainland in Vic ,"mountain plant native to Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador & Peru, growing mainly at heights between 2800 & 3400m above sea level; introd & nat. in S Afr, USA & NZ, more aggressive than Cortaderia selloana","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cortaderia,jubata, "Andean pampas grass, jubata grass",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Cortaderia,jubata, Pampas grass,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: grassland, roadsides, rivers, wastelandCultivated for: ornamental, mine dump stabilization",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Cortaderia,jubata, Pampas grass,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: grassland, roadsides, rivers, wastelandCultivated for: ornamental, mine dump stabilization",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Cortaderia,jubata, Pink pampas grass N # ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mo","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Cortaderia,jubata, "cortaderia, pink pampas grass, pampas grass (New Zealand variety)",Weed Science List
  • Cortaderia,jubata, "cortaderia, pink pampas grass, pampas grass (New Zealand variety)",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cortaderia,richardii,Arundo fulvida,"cortaderia, toe toe",XX,LP,Tas; NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cortaderia,richardii, Arundo fulvida,"cortaderia, toe toe","introd to Tas, as the only NZ species of Cortaderia to become nat. outside its native area; now nat. in south west of Tas, where its a threat to World Heritage Area; not on Aust mainland ","native to South Is of NZ, growing on open plains & lower mountain slopes & is planted as an ornamental in North Is.","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cortaderia,richardii, Toetoe N # ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mo","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Cortaderia,richardii, "cortaderia, toe toe",Weed Science List
  • Cortaderia,richardii, "cortaderia, toe toe",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cortaderia,selloana, pampas grass,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Cortaderia,selloana,"Arundo selloana, Cortaderia argentea, Gynerium argenteum","pampas grass, common pampas grass, silvergrass",HXXXXHwH,NLP,NSW; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cortaderia,selloana, Pampas Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cortaderia,selloana, Pampas Grass,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,6,8,9,12","Introduced deliberately from: S Am and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Cortaderia,selloana, Pampas Grass ,SHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Cortaderia,selloana," Arundo selloana, Cortaderia argentea, Gynerium argenteum","pampas grass, common pampas grass, silvergrass","introd to Aust as ornamental & grown in gardens, windbreak or as fodder; inc. problem in bushlands, wet sclerophyll forests & pine plantations of NSW central coast & in SA; most widely occuring of the pampas spp. in Aust","native to Brazil, Arg, Uruguay & Chile, idely cultivated in USA & Eur; nat. in British Isles, France, Spain, the Azores, USA & S Afr; very serious weed of North Is of NZ","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cortaderia,selloana, pampas grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Cortaderia,selloana, Pampas grass,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: seasonally wet habitatsCultivated for: ornamental, mine dump stabilization",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Cortaderia,selloana, Pampas grass,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: seasonally wet habitatsCultivated for: ornamental, mine dump stabilization",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Cortaderia,selloana, "pampas grass, common pampas grass",Weed Science List
  • Cortaderia,selloana, "pampas grass, common pampas grass",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cortaderia,spp.,pampas grass,XXXXXXwX,N,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Critesion,hystrix,Med. Barley-grass,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Critesion,hystrix, Med. Barley-grass,"Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,9,11","Med, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Critesion,hystrix, Weed Science List
  • Critesion,marinum,Sea Barley-grass,HXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Critesion,marinum, Sea Barley-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,9,11","Med, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Critesion,marinum, Weed Science List
  • Critesion,marinum ,Blue Barley-grass,HXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Critesion,marinum ssp. glaucum, Blue Barley-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 3,4","Med, SW Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Critesion,murinum, Weed Science List
  • Critesion,secalinum, Weed Science List
  • Crypsis,schoenoides,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Crypsis,schoenoides, ,triazines 1995 Israel Forest , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Cymbopogon,citratus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cymbopogon,citratus, Weed Science List
  • Cymbopogon,martinii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cymbopogon,proximus, Weed Science List
  • Cymbopogon,proximus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cymbopogon,refractus, barbwiregrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cynodon,aethiopicus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cynodon,aethiopicus, Weed Science List
  • Cynodon,dactylon, "couch, bermuda grass","tropical America, vegetables, field crops",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Cynodon,dactylon,couch,HHXHH,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cynodon,dactylon, "Bermuda grass, Dog's tooth grass",Very adaptable and common nox weed,Common in tropical and subtropical areas,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Cynodon,dactylon, Couch,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,8,9","Introduced deliberately from: cosmopolitan and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Cynodon,dactylon, Bermudagrass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Cynodon,dactylon,syn Panicum dactylon,Bermuda grass,"fields, gardens, orchards, canal banks, lawns etc.""Folk medicine used as a diuretic & emollinet as well as for cough, renal, & urinary troubles""","trop., subtrop. & warm temp. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Cynodon,dactylon, Pasture grasses and legumes , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cynodon,dactylon,"syn Cynodon arcuatus, Cynodon parviglumis, Capriola dactylon","Bermuda grass, carpet grass, couch grass","sunny to lightly shaded, dry or moist (not marshy) sites, also on hard soils; on fallow lands, along roadsides, grasslands; up to 2100m alt; prefers medium to heavy soils, grows on alkaline & acidic soils, survives floods & droughts; gogo rancah & lebakr ","Asia or Afr, pantropical & subtropical; throughout Indonesia, except Sulawesi & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cynodon,dactylon, bermudagrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cynodon,incompletus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cynodon,incompletus, Weed Science List
  • Cynodon,nlemfuensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cynodon,nlemfuensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cynodon,nlemfuensis, Weed Science List
  • Cynodon,radiatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cynodon,spp, Bermudagrass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cynodon,transvaalensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cynodon,transvaalensis, Weed Science List
  • Cynosurus,cristatus,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cynosurus,cristatus, Weed Science List
  • Cynosurus,cristatus, crested dogtailgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cynosurus,echinatus,Rough Dogs-tail,HXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cynosurus,echinatus, Rough Dog's tail,Ocassional weed of Cult land,"Eur, N & S Amer, Aust",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Cynosurus,echinatus, Rough Dogs-tail,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,6,7,8","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Cynosurus,echinatus, bristly dogstail grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Cynosurus,echinatus, Weed Science List
  • Cyrtococcum,deltoideum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyrtococcum,patens, Weed Science List
  • Cyrtococcum,patens, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Dactylis,glomerata,"cocksfoot, catsgrass",HXA,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dactylis,glomerata, Cocksfoot,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,6,7,8,9,15","Introduced deliberately from: Eur, N Af,Temp As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Dactylis,glomerata, Orchard grass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Dactylis,glomerata, orchard grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Dactylis,glomerata, Weed Science List
  • Dactylis,glomerata, orchardgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Dactyloctenium,aegyptium,syn Cynosurus aegyptius,Egyptian finger grass,"fields, gardens, orchards, waste & moist ground""Folk medicine, a decoction from seeds used for kidney inflammations, nervous diseases; roots used for amenorrhea""",widely distributed in trop. & subtrop. regions of the Old World; introduced into the New World,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Dactyloctenium,aegyptium, "crowfoot grass, beach wiregrass","old world tropics (Africa?), disturbed places",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Dactyloctenium,aegyptium,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dactyloctenium,aegyptium, Eleusine aegyptica,Similiar to Eleusine indica in appearance,Asia,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Dactyloctenium,aegyptium, Crowsfoot grass,72% germ of seed in moist sand after several mths dry storage; (% germ of 19yr old seed,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Dactyloctenium,aegyptium, Weed Science List
  • Dactyloctenium,aegyptium,"syn Dactyloctenium aegypatiacum, Eleusine aegyptia",beach wiregrass,"arable lands & waste places near the sea; prefers light sandy soils in open sunny places, dry or somewhat moist; locally often abundant; up to 1000m alt (Java); one plant can produce up to 66 000 seeds which, after 19 yrs still showed a germination of 5%;","tropics of the Old World, pantropical, some extensions in the subtropics; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Dactyloctenium,aegyptium, crowfootgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Dactyloctenium,australe,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dactyloctenium,australe, Weed Science List
  • Dactyloctenium,giganteum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dactyloctenium,giganteum, Weed Science List
  • Danthonia,decumbens, Weed Science List
  • Danthonia,spicata, Poverty oatgrass,prechilling moist seed at 3C for 63 days or treating with 71% sulfuric acid for 30-45min inc. germ % as did 0.2% KNO3 soln on substratum; germ alt. temp of 10-25C or from room temp -35C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Danthonia,spicata, poverty oatgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Deschampsia,caespitosa,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Desmazeria,rigida,Rigid Fescue,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Desmazeria,rigida, Rigid Fescue,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,8,11,12","Eur, N Af, W As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Desmazeria,rigida, Weed Science List
  • Desmostachya,bipinnata,"syn Briza bipinnata, Eragrostis bipinnata",Halfa grass,"Nile and canal banks, drains, ditches, roadsides, waste ground""Plant used in rural Egypt for making ropes, baskets & mats; may be used as fodder in absence of more palatabe plants; also a good sand binder""","N Afr, Sahara, E Afr, SE Medit, Arabia, Iraq to India & China","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Desmostachya,bipinnata, Weed Science List
  • Desmostachya,bipinnata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Dichanthium,annulatum,syn Andropogon annulatus,"waste ground, roadsides, canal banksGood fodder plant","N Afr, Sahara, E Medit, Arabia, Iraq to N India","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Dichanthium,annulatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dichanthium,aristatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dichanthium,aristatum, Weed Science List
  • Dichanthium,caricosum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dichanthium,caricosum, Weed Science List
  • Dichanthium,sericeum,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Digitaria,adscendens, Annual species,Tropical regions,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Digitaria,adscendens, annual dominant weed in crops Weeds of sown grassland ,Shimane Shizuoka Upland Korea Upland Japan Okayama ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Digitaria,aequiglumis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Digitaria,aequiglumis, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,ciliaris, "fingergrass, tropical crabgrass, common summergrass","central America, pasture, field crops, roadsides",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Digitaria,ciliaris,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Digitaria,ciliaris, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,ciliaris,"syn Digitaria adscendens, D. adscendens var. fimbriata, D. fimbriata, D. henryi, D. marginata var. ciliaris, D. marginata var. fimbriata, D. sanguinalis var. ciliaris, D. sanguinalis, Panicum adscendens, Panicum ciliare, Paspalum ciliare, Syntherisma cil","crab grass, summer grass","waste places, often on sand also along beaches, on dunes, in lawns, pastures, plantations, disturbed lands; up to 2000m (PNG); upland rice fields, an important weed, as it competes agressively by spreading & crowding; it can tolerate defoliation; a worldw","Taiwan, tropics & subtropics, rare in Afr; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Digitaria,debilis, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,debilis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Digitaria,decumbens, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Digitaria,didactyla,XXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Digitaria,didactyla, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,eriantha,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Digitaria,eriantha,D. decumbens,pangola grass,w,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Digitaria,eriantha, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,eriantha (=D.decumbens), woolly finger grass,"tropical America, ",Fiji; French Polynesia; New Caledonia; Niue; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Digitaria,filiformis, slender crabgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Digitaria,fuscescens, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,fuscescens,"syn Paspalum fuscescens, Syntherisma fuscescens, Digitaria pseudoischaemum","pioneer on humid,sandy to rocky soil in disturbed places,dunes fields, roads; up to 1350m alt (Sumatra); upland & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, but sometimes becoming noxious, sometimes planted as a protection against erosion","unknown, perhaps Java, continental tropical Afr, Madagascar, from India to S China, Malesia (not yet found in Aust); throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Digitaria,fuscescens, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Digitaria,henryi, Henry crabgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Digitaria,heterantha, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,horizontalis, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,horizontalis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Digitaria,insularis, sour grass,"Africa, pasture, waste places", Fiji; Guam; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Islands; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Digitaria,insularis,Q,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Digitaria,ischaemum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Digitaria,ischaemum," Panicum distichum, P. glabrum, P. ischaemum","Smooth finger grass, red millet","Sporadic nox weed in maize, beet, vege crops, orchards, vineyards native in tropical, subtropical zones where it occurs in numerous crops",Cosmopolitan,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Digitaria,ischaemum, Smooth crabgrass,"seeds freshly harvested , prechilling moist seed at 2-5C for 8wks; germ at 20-35C; treat with conc. sulfuric acid for 30 sec-1min inc. germ; prechilling time dec. with age of dry stored seed; 1yr old seed no pretreatment, germ at 20-35C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Digitaria,ischaemum, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,ischaemum, smooth crabgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Digitaria,ischaenum, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Digitaria,longiflora,syn Digitaria propinqua,"a pioneer on humid, sandy to rocky soils, open grasslnds, open forests, prefers ratherlight of dry soils; a roadside ruderal; not resistant to very dry or prolonged wet periods; up to 1500m alt (Sumatra); upland & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor import","India, tropics & subtropics of the Old World; introd in Amer; throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Digitaria,longiflora, lesser crabgrass,"Digitaria longiflora is a reported weed of 19 crops of 37 countries and often infest rice, tea and rubber plantations","found in C & s Afr, most of Asia, C & E Aust and several of the Pacific lslands",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Digitaria,longifolia, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,longifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Digitaria,microbachne, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,microbachne, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Digitaria,milanjiana,see swazilandensis,See comments in Hnatiuk Record,Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,nuda,"syn Digitaria borbonica, D. digitata, D. sanguinalis, Panicum sanguinale var. digitatum, Paspalum digitatum","weed of waste places, preferring sandy soil; up to 900m alt; locally abundant; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","Afr (?), pantropical, mostly common in Afr; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Digitaria,pruriens, slim crabgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Digitaria,sanguinalis,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Digitaria,sanguinalis," Dactylon sanguinale, Digitaria fimbriata, D. marginata, D. velutina, Panicum adscendens, P. sanguinale, Syntherisma sanguinalis","Hairy finger grass, Crabgrass","Nox weed common in maize, beet, vege crops, orchards, vineyards and many othercrops (soy bean and groundnuts) of tropical, subtropical zones",Cosmopolitan,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Digitaria,sanguinalis, Panicum sanguinalis,Large crabgrass,germ of fresh seed started after 28days in germinator; germ at 20-30C with some light; prechilling of fresh & old seed for 2-4wks inc. germ at 20-35C; treatment with conc. sulfuric acid for 30sec -1min & other scarification methods inc. germ % ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Digitaria,sanguinalis, Large Crabgrass,fluazifop 1992 USA Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Digitaria,sanguinalis, Large Crabgrass,fluazifop 1993 Australia Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Digitaria,sanguinalis, Large Crabgrass,atrazine 1995 Poland Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Digitaria,sanguinalis, Large Crabgrass,triazines 1983 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Digitaria,sanguinalis,syn Panicum sanguinale,Crab grass,"fields, gardens, lawns, roadsides""Grazed by horses, cattle & sheep""",warm & temp. regions of the world,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Digitaria,sanguinalis, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,sanguinalis, large crabgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Digitaria,scalarum, Perennial species,"Tropical, found mainly in Africa",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Digitaria,scalarum, poor germ of fresh seed; dry storage for 6-18mths inc. germ; germ on moist sand in petri dishes at alt. temp of 68F & 84F,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Digitaria,scalarum, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,scalarum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Digitaria,sericea, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,sericea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Digitaria,setigera, itchy crabgrass,"tropical America, pasture, roadsides",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Digitaria,setigera,"syn Digitaria consanguinea, D. marginata var pruriens, D. microbachne, D. pruriens, D. sanguinalis, Panicum corymbosum, P. microbachne, P. pruriens, Paspalum sanguinale var. pruriens, Syntherisma corymbosa, Syntherisma microbachne","a weed of waste places, roadsides, plantations & to a certain extent, pastures, where it invades bare patches after heavy grazing & prevents recovery of the more useful plants; up to 3000m alt; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, the most comm","tropical Asia, tropical Asia from India to the Pacific & northern Aust, introd in C & northern S Amer & the W Indies; throughout Indonesia,except Sulawesi & the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Digitaria,sp., , Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Digitaria,spp., "63% germ of seed moistened with 1000 ppm soln of gibberellin, on filter paper in 2wks; 3.6 fold inc. in number of seedlings emerging after soln applied to soil; long dormant period",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Digitaria,ternata,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Digitaria,ternata, "Region of origin - Asia, Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - agricultural - pasture",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Digitaria,ternata, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,ternata,"syn Digitaria argyrostachya, D. ropalotricha, Cynodon ternatus, Paspalum ternatum, Syntherisma ternata",crab grass,"in sunny or slightly shaded, not too infertile & not too dry sites; roadsides, fallow fields, Imperata grasslands, plantation; up to 2000m alt; often abundant, sometimes solitary; not permanent; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Asia, tropics & subtropics of the Old World; introd to Aust & S Amer; in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands & Sulawesi, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Digitaria,timorensis, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,timorensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Digitaria,velutina, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,velutina, velvet finger grass,"Digitaria velutina is a reported weed of 15 crops of 14 countries and often infest coffee, cotton and maize.","found in C & s Afr, most of Asia, C & E Aust and several of the Pacific lslands",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Digitaria,velutina, "Digitaria velutina is a reported weed of 15 crops of 14 countries and often infest coffee, cotton and maize.","found in C & s Afr, most of Asia, C & E Aust and several of the Pacific lslands",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Digitaria,velutina, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Digitaria,violascens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Digitaria,violascens, Weed Science List
  • Digitaria,violascens,"syn Digitaria caespitosa, D. chinensis, D. chinensis, D. digitata, D. pertenuis; Paspalum chinense, Paspalum longiflorum; Syntherisma chinensis","waste place; in Irian Jaya up to 2400m alt; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Asia, pantropical, except in Afr (?); throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Digitaria,violascens, violet crabgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Dinebra,retroflexa,Dinebra,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dinebra,retroflexa,syn Cynosurus retroflexus,"summer weed, especially in sugarcane & cotton fields""When soft and flowering, grazed by buffaloes ""","E Medit, trop. & S Afr, Arabia to W India","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Dinebra,retroflexa, Dinebra,Weed Science List
  • Dinebra,retroflexa, Dinebra,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Diplachne,uninervia, Region of origin - Amer; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Diplachne,uninervia, Weed Science List
  • Diplachne,uninervia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Distichlis,spicata, seashore saltgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Distichlis,stricta, desert saltgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Echinochloa,acaicularis, perennial , Taiwan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Echinochloa,colona, "jungle rice, awnless barnyard grass","Indo-Malaysia, rice, wet soils, disturbed areas",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Echinochloa,colona,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echinochloa,colona, Junglerice ,propanil 1987 Costa Rica Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Echinochloa,colona, Junglerice ,propanil 1988 Colombia Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Echinochloa,colona, Junglerice ,fenoxaprop 1994 Costa Rica Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Echinochloa,colona,syn Panicum colonum,Deccan grass,"irrigation canals, moist ground, gardens, orchards; mainly a summer weedSummer fodder in Egypt",trop. & subrop. & warm temp. regions of the world; most probably native of trop. Afr & Asia & later introduced into Amer,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Echinochloa,colona, Weed Science List
  • Echinochloa,colona, ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Echinochloa,colonum, Panicum colonum,"Little barnyard grass, Awnless Barnyard grass, Swampgrass","Highly polymorphic genera, ","Warmer regions, intro to USA",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Echinochloa,colonum, Jungle rice,seeds dormant at harvest; 2mth dry storage at room temp with continuous light inc. germ %,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Echinochloa,colonum, jungle rice, Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Echinochloa,colonum,syn Echinochloa crus-galli ssp. colonum; Oplismenus colonum; Panicum colonum,jungle rice,"in sunny or lightly shaded places, moist or soggy but not long-inundated soils, along drains; when the soil desiccates, it persists in moister places; often abundant; up to 3000m alt; all kinds of rice fields, E. colonum is an annual weed of lowland rice ","India, Afr, India, Burma, Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Echinochloa,colonum, junglerice,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, "barnyard grass, watergrass","central America, ",Fiji; French Polynesia; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tuvalu; Wallis & Futuna ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli,XXXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, Panicum cruss-galli,"Lockspur, cockspur grass","Nox weed in rice, maize, beet, vege crops, orchards, vineyards and many othercrops of tropical, subtropical and temperate zones. Prefers wet warm rich soils.",Cosmopolitan,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, Barnyardgrass ,butachlor 1993 China Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, Barnyardgrass ,thiobencarb 1993 China Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, Barnyardgrass ,propanil 1986 Greece Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, Barnyardgrass ,propanil 1991 USA Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, Barnyardgrass ,atrazine 1978 USA Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, Barnyardgrass ,atrazine 1981 Canada Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, Barnyardgrass ,atrazine 1992 Spain Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, Barnyardgrass ,atrazine 1995 Poland Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, Barnyardgrass ,triazines 1982 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, barnyard grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, Weed Science List
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli, barnyard grass,annual dominance Weed in rich site , Upland Japan Thailand Hokkaido Niigata Taiwan Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Echinochloa,crus-galli,"syn Echinochloa hispidula, Panicum crus-galli","cockspur, barnyard grass","it prefers open sunny places along water edges, marshy or swampy grasslands; restricted to wet soils; no germination in water deeper than 12cm; in Java u to 1200m alt; lowland-irrigated, rainfed, lebak & tidal rice fields; the first tillers in the field a","Eur, India, pantropical & subtropical; throughout Indonesia, except the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Echinochloa,crus-pavonis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echinochloa,crus-pavonis, Weed Science List
  • Echinochloa,crusgalli, Panicum crusgalli,Barnyard grass,alt. temp of 20-30C in light best germ%; removing seed coat 50% germ; dry storage 1yr 55% germ at 23C in light,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Echinochloa,crusgalli, barnyardgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Echinochloa,crusgalli ,syn Panicum crusgalli,Cockspur grass,"characteristic summer weed of rice fields, also along irrigation canals, ditches & in moist groundPlant is cultivated in some regions of the Nile Delta as summer fodder grass; has been introduced into many countries as valuable fodder grass",warm & temp. regions of the Northern Hemisphere. less frequent in the tropics.,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Echinochloa,esculenta,E. utilis,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echinochloa,frumentacea,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echinochloa,frumentacea, Weed Science List
  • Echinochloa,glabrescens, Weed Science List
  • Echinochloa,glabrescens, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Echinochloa,holubii, Weed Science List
  • Echinochloa,holubii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Echinochloa,muricata,E. microstachya,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echinochloa,muricata, Weed Science List
  • Echinochloa,oryzicola, annual , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Echinochloa,oryzoides,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echinochloa,oryzoides, Weed Science List
  • Echinochloa,phyllopogon, Weed Science List
  • Echinochloa,phyllopogon, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Echinochloa,polystachya,"Pseudechinolaena polystachya, Oplismenus polystachyus","Alemangrass, creeping rivergrass, carib grass",XHw,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Echinochloa,polystachya, Region of origin - trop Amer; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - agriculture - pasture,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Echinochloa,polystachya, "Alemangrass, creeping rivergrass",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Echinochloa,praestans, Weed Science List
  • Echinochloa,pungens, prickly barnyardgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Echinochloa,pyramidalis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echinochloa,pyramidalis, Weed Science List
  • Echinochloa,spp., ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Echinochloa,stagnina, Weed Science List
  • Echinochloa,stagnina,"syn Panicum stagninum, Panicum crus-galli","marshes, pools, riverbanks, soggy grasslands; from 0-500m alt; lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, in Afr, renowned as a fodder grass because it is locally abundant & has a high sugar content; in Afr, it is a famine grain","Afr, tropical Afr & Asia; in Indonesia: Java, Kalimantan & Sulawesi, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Echinochloa,stagnina, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Echinochloa,telmatophila,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echinochloa,utilis, Weed Science List
  • Ehrharta,brevifolia,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ehrharta,brevifolia, Weed Science List
  • Ehrharta,calycina,Perennial Veldt Grass,HHXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ehrharta,calycina, Veldt Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Ehrharta,calycina, Perennial Veldt Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ehrharta,calycina, Weed Science List
  • Ehrharta,erecta,Panic Veldt Grass,HXHX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ehrharta,erecta, Panic Veldt Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,8,12","S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ehrharta,erecta, Weed Science List
  • Ehrharta,longiflora,Annual Veldt Grass,HXXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ehrharta,longiflora, Annual Veldt Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,8,12","D, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ehrharta,longiflora, Weed Science List
  • Ehrharta,longiflorus, N/A ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Ehrharta,pusilla,pyp grass,XXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ehrharta,pusilla, Weed Science List
  • Ehrharta,villosa,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ehrharta,villosa, Weed Science List
  • Ehrhata,erecta, N/A ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Eleusine,africana, D,Weed Science List
  • Eleusine,africana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleusine,compressa, Weed Science List
  • Eleusine,compressa, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleusine,coracana, Weed Science List
  • Eleusine,indica,syn Cynosurus indicus,Wire grass,"summer weed in fields, gardens, orchards, lawns; naturalised""Very nutritious grass, good for grazing and hay as well as for binding river banks, dams, & loose earth""","tropics & subtrop., especially frequent in trop. Afr; introduced into many warm & temp. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Eleusine,indica, "crowsfoot grass, wiregrass, goosegrass","north Africa, vegetables, field crops, lawns",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Fed. States of Micronesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Eleusine,indica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eleusine,indica, Goose grass,"6mths old seed held in cold storage, treated with 0.2% soln of KNO3 to moisten substratum; 90% germ in light with alt. temp of 20-30C & alt. temp of 20-35C in light or darkness",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Eleusine,indica, Goosegrass ,fluazifop 1990 Malaysia Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Eleusine,indica, Goosegrass ,imazapyr 1989 Costa Rica Industrial Site, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Eleusine,indica, Goosegrass ,paraquat 1990 Malaysia Vegetables , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Eleusine,indica, Goosegrass ,trifluralin 1973 USA Cotton , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Eleusine,indica, Weed Science List
  • Eleusine,indica, annual dominant weed in crops , Upland Korea Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Eleusine,indica,syn ,"wire grass, crawfoot grass, goose grass","on sunny of somewhat shaded, not too dry sites; most vigorous along irriagion field borders & canals; grows also on solid trampled soils, along roadsides, in gardens, arable lands & among many crops; it is a plant with a broad ecological amplitude; from b","India, pantropical, here & there subtropical, mainly in S Asia & the Pacific, E & S Afr & tropical N Amer; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eleusine,indica, goosegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eleusine,tristachya,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eleusine,tristachya, Weed Science List
  • Eleusine,tristachya, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleusine ,indica, "Yard grass, Silver crab grass, Rapogagrass, Wire grass, Indian goose grass, Bull grass",Important weed in cultivated tropical areas,"Tropical Americas, Asia & Africa",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Elymus,arenarius, 51% germ during period of 13-69days after planting in greenhouse in autumn of year collected; 78% germ of seeds exposed to cold outdoors in soil for 83days during period of 11-28days after transfer; vegetative reproduction by rhizome buds occurs readily,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Elymus,caput-medusae, "Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Elymus,elongatus,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Elymus,elongatus, Weed Science List
  • Elymus,farctus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Elymus,repens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Elymus,triticoides, beardless wildrye,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Elytrigia,pungens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Elytrigia,pungens, Weed Science List
  • Elytrigia,repens,Agropyron repens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Elytrigia,repens, Quackgrass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Elytrigia,repens, creeping quackgrass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Elytrigia,repens, Weed Science List
  • Enneapogon,avenaceus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,aethiopica, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,aethiopica, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eragrostis,airoides, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,airoides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eragrostis,amabilis, feather lovegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eragrostis,atrovirens,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,atrovirens, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,atrovirens, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eragrostis,bahiensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,bahiensis, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,barrelieri,HH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,barrelieri, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,barrelieri, Mediterranean lovegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eragrostis,cilianensis,syn Poa cilianensis; Eragrostis major; E. megastachya,Stink grass,"fields, gardens, orchards","Medit, W & C Europe, trop. Afr, Asia; introduced into many subtrop. & temp. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Eragrostis,cilianensis,XHX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,cilianensis, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,cilianensis, stinkgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eragrostis,curvula,Poa curvula,"African lovegrass, Boer lovegrass, weeping lovegrass",HAHwH,L,NSW; Vic; SA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,curvula, African Love-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,9","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Eragrostis,curvula, Poa curvula,"African lovegrass, Boer lovegrass, weeping lovegrass","highly persistent, summer growing tussock grass, unpalatable weed; produces copious quantites of seed enable rapid spread & dominance of sparse overgrazed pastures; survives relatively low & erratic rainfall","native of southern Afr; introd to several countries, Arg & USA used as hay & forage""introd to Aust by accident prior to 1900; 4 agronomic forms have become nat. on acidic light to med textured soils within 400-700mm rainfall zone in mainland States; wide","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Eragrostis,curvula, African lovegrass ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Does not apply to cv. Consol Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost t","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Eragrostis,curvula, African lovegrass,Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,diarrhena, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,diarrhena, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eragrostis,ferruginea, dry stored seed for 6-12mths need sequence of dark-followed-by-light treatments; affter 16mths germ % inc. regardless of light treatments,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Eragrostis,ferruginea, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,ferruginea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eragrostis,frankii, sandbar lovegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eragrostis,infecunda,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,leptostachya,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,lugens, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,lugens, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eragrostis,malayana, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,malayana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eragrostis,megastachya," E. major, E. cilianensis","Lovegrass, Stinkgrass","Rare on sandy arable lands, in vineyards, gardens, maize and sugar beet","Warm regions in both hemispheres, intro to USA from Europe",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Eragrostis,mexicana,E. mexicana ssp. mexicana & ssp. virescens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,mexicana, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,mexicana, Mexican lovegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eragrostis,minor,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,minor, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,neomexicana, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,neomexicana, New Mexican lovegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eragrostis,niwahokori, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Eragrostis,paniciformis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,pectinacea, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,pectinacea, tufted lovegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eragrostis,pilosa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,pilosa, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,pilosa, "soft lovegrass, indian lovegrass, India lovegrass, pilose eragrostis, small tufted lovegrass, spear grass","Eragrostis pilosa, an annual grass, is a heavy seed producer and is found in quite varied habitats in the crops fields of 55 countries of the world. This weed is found in more than 30 crops of almost every type grown by man in more than 50 countries. ","prefer warmer climates, but is some areas extend well into the temperate zones.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Eragrostis,pilosa, India lovegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eragrostis,poaeoides, little lovegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eragrostis,subsecunda,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,superba,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,superba, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,tef,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,tef, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,tenella, "feathery eragrostis, lovegrass","tropical America, field crops, disturbed areas", Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Eragrostis,tenella,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,tenella, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Eragrostis,tenella,"syn Eragrostis amabilis, Eragrostis plumosa",Japanese lovegrass,"waste places, hard trampled grounds, between stones, on old walls, also on beach dikes; usually in areas (Java) with a pronounced dry season; sometimes becoming very abundant; on permeable & impermeable soils; up to 900m alt (Java); upland rice fields, a ","tropics of the Old World, pantropical; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eragrostis,tenuifolia,elastic grass,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eragrostis,tenuifolia, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,tenuifolia, elastic grass,P,43~44~45~49~52~53~54~55~57~59~60~Y,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eragrostis,tremula, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,tremula, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eragrostis,unioloides,"syn Eragrostis amabilis, Poa unioloides","sunny or somewhat shaded, moist to soggy sites; along drains, wet grasslands, soggy roadsides; locally common; from 0-1800m alt; upland &lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","SE Asia, tropical Afr & Asia; throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eragrostis,virescens, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,viscosa, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,viscosa, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eragrostis,xylanica, Weed Science List
  • Eragrostis,xylanica, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eremochloa,ophiuroides, dormancy of over 1yr; prtreat by soaking for 16hrs in100 (light germ)-1000(dark germ) ppm aqueous soln of K salt of GA; germ at alt. temp of 20-30C ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Eremopyrum,triticeum, Weed Science List
  • Eriochloa,gracilis, southwestern cupgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eriochloa,meyeriana,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eriochloa,meyeriana, Weed Science List
  • Eriochloa,polystachya, Weed Science List
  • Eriochloa,polystachya,syn Eriochloa subglabra,carib grass,"in areas with a strong to medium dry season, sunny to lightly shaded, permanently or periodically marshy or wet sites, especially on heavier soils in marshes & pools, riverbanks, in & along drains & ditches; from behind the beach to 500m alt; usually scat","tropical Amer, W Indies, pantropical; imported in Java long ago & so far, only found in Java & Tanimbar Island","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eriochloa,polystachya, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eustachys,distichophylla,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eustachys,distichophylla, Weed Science List
  • Festuca,arundenacea, Weed Science List
  • Festuca,arundinacea,F. elatior ssp. arundinacea,Tall Fescue,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Festuca,arundinacea, Tall Fescue ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Festuca,arundinacea, Tall fescue ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Festuca,arundinacea, Tall Fescue,"Dispersal: animal external.Water,?animal (not bird), internal,?Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,8,9,11","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Festuca,arundincea, Japanese knotweed,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Festuca,gigantea, seed begins to germ almost immediately after harvest; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Festuca,litorea, seed begins to germ almost immediately after harvest; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Festuca,longifolia, Weed Science List
  • Festuca,megalura, 98% germ of seed planted 3mths after harvest,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Festuca,megalura, foxtail fescue,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Festuca,myuros, rattail fescue,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Festuca,nigrescens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Festuca,octoflora, Six weeks fescue,"prechilling of fresh seed; seed dry stored for several mths, no prechilling; germ at 20C constant or alt. 15-25C; 0.2% KNO3 as moistening agent inc. germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Festuca,octoflora, sixweeks fescue,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
    Festuca,ovina, sheep fescue,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Festuca,pratensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Festuca,pratensis, seed begins to germ almost immediately after harvest; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 97% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Festuca,pratensis, Meadow fescue ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Festuca,pratensis, ryegrass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Festuca,pratensis, Weed Science List
  • Festuca,pratensis,tall fescue,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Festuca,rubra,Red Fescue,Xw,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Festuca,rubra, Red Fescue,"Dispersal: animal external,?Water,?Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 15","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,As,N Am and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Festuca,rubra, red fescue,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Festuca,rubra, Weed Science List
  • Festuca,sulcata, alt. temp 10-25C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Gastridium,phleoides,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gastridium,phleoides, Weed Science List
  • Gastridium,ventricosum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gastridium,ventricosum, Weed Science List
  • Gastridium,ventricosum, nitgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Gaudinia,fragilis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Glyceria,declinata,sweet-grass,X,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Glyceria,declinata, Sweet-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10","Eur, In Victoria: ?Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Glyceria,declinata, Weed Science List
  • Glyceria,declinata, "Sweet grass, waxy mannagrass",P,"Weed of Freshwater habitats, seasonal and permanent. Environmental weed in Victoria, and a threat to a number of habitats there.",34~61~64~69~84~85~87~89~97,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Glyceria,fluitans,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Glyceria,fluitans, Water mannagrass,"some seed germ immediately after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 80% germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Glyceria,fluitans, Weed Science List
  • Glyceria,fluitans, water mannagrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Glyceria,maxima,"Glyceria aquatica, Poa aquatica","glyceria, reed sweet grass, reed, reed-grass, reed meadow grass, water meadowgrass",HXH,L,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Glyceria,maxima, Reed Sweet-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 9,10","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,As, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Glyceria,maxima, "reproduces vegetatively by rhizomes; caryopses ripened within 3-4wks after flwing & shed soon after ripening; some caryopses able to germ immediately, but most required maturation period of 6mths; germ at 18-25C on damp filter paper or under 40cmwater",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Glyceria,maxima," Glyceria aquatica, Poa aquatica","glyceria, reed sweet grass, reed, reed-grass, reed meadow grass, water meadowgrass","native of Eur, & temp Asia is common in wetland areas; prominent in lowlands of British Isles; introd to N Amer, NZ & Aust""scattered through Tablelands of S W Slopes of Great Dividing Range & irrigation districts of southern NSW; Gippsland in Vic, SA, & l","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Glyceria,maxima, "glyceria, reed sweet grass",Weed Science List
  • Glyceria,plicata,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Glyceria,plicata, "Region of origin - Eur, W Asia, NW Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - unknown",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Glyceria,spp.,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Glyceria,spp., P,Note import conditions exceptions,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Glyceria,striata, 6-8mths storage in water with diffuse light on greenhouse bench; inc. germ %,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Hackelochloa,granularis,syn Manisuris granularis,pitscale grass,"in sunny to moderately shaded, neither too dry nor too wet sites, especially onlighter soils; arable lands, gardens, lawns, Imperata grasslnds; sometimes locally abundant, but not common; up to 2150m alt; upland rice fields, a weed ofminor importance, bec","pantropics, pantropical; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Hainardia,cylindrica,Common Barb-grass,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hainardia,cylindrica, Common Barb-grass,"Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 11,","Med, M East, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Hainardia,cylindrica, Monerma cylindrica,Weed Science List
  • Heliochloa,schoenioides, swamp timothy,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Heteropogon,contortus, Tanglehead ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Hierochloe,odorata, sweetgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Holcus,lanatus, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Holcus,lanatus,Yorkshire fog,HXXAH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Holcus,lanatus, Yorkshire Fog,"Grows in many situations, occas in cultivated land","Eur, Asia, n Africa, intro into N Amerand other temp areas",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Holcus,lanatus, Yorkshire Fog,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4-9,13-15","Introduced deliberately from: Eur, As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Holcus,lanatus, Common velvetgrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Holcus,lanatus, velvetgrass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Holcus,lanatus, Weed Science List
  • Holcus,lanatus, , Oita ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Holcus,lanatus, velvetgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Holcus,mollis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Holcus,mollis, "Creeping Soft grass, Creeping Fog","Freq in arable soils on fertile, acid, poorly drained sands and loamy sands and high lying marsh","Most Eur, intro to Near East",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Holcus,mollis, German velvet grass,vegetative reproduction by rhizomes; less than 5% under all conditions investigated,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Holcus,mollis, Creeping velvet-grass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Holcus,mollis, creeping velvetgrass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Holcus,mollis, Weed Science List
  • Holcus,mollis, German velvetgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Holcus,setiger,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Holcus,setiger, Weed Science List
  • Holcus,setosus,Annual Fog,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Holcus,setosus, Annual Fog,"Dispersal: animal external,?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,9","S Eur, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Holcus,setosus, Weed Science List
  • Holcus ,lanatus, Velvet grass,"germ readily on filter paper in a Copenhagen tank over water cold/warm, or in sterilized soil in boxes in greenhouse; vegetative propagation minor importance",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Hordeum,brachyantherum, meadow barley,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hordeum,bulbosum, Weed Science List
  • Hordeum,glaucum,Critesion murinum ssp. glaucum,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hordeum,glaucum, Barley grass,paraquat 1982 Australia Alfalfa , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Hordeum,hystrix,"Critesion hystrix = H. marinum ssp. gussoneanum, H. geniculatum",Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hordeum,hystrix, Mediterranean barley,20% emergence of fresh seed sown immediately after harvest; 98% germ of stored seed for 4-5mths,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Hordeum,hystrix, Mediterranean barley,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hordeum,jubatum, Foxtail barley,44% germ of seeds within 3 wks of being planted in moist sand in greenhouse,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Hordeum,jubatum, Weed Science List
  • Hordeum,jubatum, foxtail barley,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hordeum,jubatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hordeum,leporinum,Critesion murinum ssp. leporinum,L,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hordeum,leporinum, Wild barley,"2% germ of seed planted within 5days of collection; 78% 1mth, 100% 2mths, 100% 3mths within collection of planted seed",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Hordeum,leporinum, Barley grass,paraquat 1988 Australia Alfalfa , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Hordeum,leporinum, wild barley,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hordeum,marinum,Critesion marinum = H. marinum ssp. marinum,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hordeum,murinum,Critesion murinum = H. murinum ssp. murinum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hordeum,murinum, "Wall Barley, Mouse Barley",Very similiar to H. leporinum. Not considered a major arable weed,"Eur, Medit region, S AMer",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Hordeum,murinum, "wall barley, wild barley, barley grass, mouse barley","Hordeum murinum is an annual weed of disturbed, open habitats, pastures, cereals, roadsides, railways, and wastelands. It is a reported weed of 11 crops in over 40 countries and is frequently reported a weed of pastures, cereals and wastelands.","native to the Medit, but occurs throughout Eur, in both Americas, Aust, and in NZ",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Hordeum,murinum, wall barley,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hordeum,pusillum, little barley,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hordeum,secalinum,Critesion secalinum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hordeum,spp., barley,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Hordeum,stebbinsii, "2% germ of seed planted within 5days of collection;32% 1mth, 62% 2mths, 94% 3mths within collection of planted seed",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Hordeum,vulgare,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hordeum,vulgare,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hordeum,vulgare, Weed Science List
  • Hydrochloa,caroliniensis, southern watergrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hymenachne,acutigluma,"syn Hymenachne amplexicaulis, H. myceros, H. pseudointerrupta, Panicum acutiguluma, Panicum amplexicaule","sunny, swampy sites, preferably inundated in water up to 1-2m deep; in pools swamps, along drains & watercourses; often abundant, but never covering vast areas; in Java up to 1200m alt; lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance; in mechanically cultiv","India, India, Burma, Thailand; throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands,as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Hymenachne,amplexicaule,olive hymenache,XHw,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hymenachne,amplexicaule, Region of origin - trop Amer; Extent of spread - localised - serious; Means of spread - agriculture - pasture,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Hymenachne,amplexicaulis, "water star grass, West Indian grass",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Hymenachne,amplexicaulis, Weed Science List
  • Hymenachne,amplexicaulis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hymenachne,amplexicaulis,West Indian marsh grass,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Hymenachne,pseudointerrupta, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Hyparrhenia,gazensis, Weed Science List
  • Hyparrhenia,gazensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hyparrhenia,hirta,tambookie or coolati grass,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hyparrhenia,hirta, Weed Science List
  • Hyparrhenia,quarrei, Weed Science List
  • Hyparrhenia,rufa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hyparrhenia,rufa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hyparrhenia,rufa, jaraguagrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Imperata,brasiliensis, Weed Science List
  • Imperata,brasiliensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Imperata,brevifolia, Satintail ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Imperata,conferta (=I. cylindrica), blady grass,", vegetables, field crops", Fiji; Fed. States of Micronesia; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Imperata,cylindrica, "Sword grass, Alang-Alang Grass","Nox persistant weed in numerous crops especially perennial crops (sugar cane, rubber, oil palm)","Tropical Asia, Africa & S Amer",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Imperata,cylindrica, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Imperata,cylindrica, cogon grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Imperata,cylindrica,syn Lagurus cylindricus; Imperata arundinacea,Cogon grass,"roadsides, waste ground, orchards, canal banks""Plant used for making ropes, baskets, & mats in ancient Egypt. Succulent young shoots are relished by livestock; entire grass used in wind breaks for other crops""","Medit, W & S Eur, Sahara W & C Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Imperata,cylindrica, perennial sub-dominance , Upland Korea Upland Japan Miyasaki ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Imperata,cylindrica, cogongrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Imperata,cylindrica var. major,syn Imperata arundinacea,Cogon grass,"frequent in anthropogenic grasslands, often dominant a colonizer of disturbed land; sunny to lightly shaded, dry to slightly moist sites; prefers rather fertile soils, but can grow in unfertile ones; can stand up to 50% shading, but then hardly grows; up ","tropical Asia, pantropical; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Imperata,cylindrica*,cogon grass,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.*N =Noxious weed as l",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Isachne,globosa,"syn Isachne australis, Isachne dispar","widespread & common in wet ground in open places, soggy & superficially inundated marshes & pools, along drains, often forming large cushions, sometimes dominant; in Java up to 2800m alt; lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields, sometimes culitvated as a ","S Asia, S Asia; throughout Indonesia, except the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Isachne,kunthiana, Weed Science List
  • Isachne,kunthiana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Isachne,pulchella,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Isachne,pulchella, Weed Science List
  • Isachne,pulchella,syn Isachne miliacea,"widespread & common in wet ground in open places, soggy & superficially inundated marshes & pools, along drains, often forming large cushions, sometimes dominant; in Java up to 2800m alt; lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance","unknown, S Asia & Malesia; throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, & Irian Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ischaemum,afrum,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ischaemum,afrum, Weed Science List
  • Ischaemum,afrum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ischaemum,aristatum, Weed Science List
  • Ischaemum,aristatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ischaemum,barbatun, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Ischaemum,rugosum, Wrinklegrass,"Ubiquitous in tropics, nox weed in rice, sugar and other warm tropical crops","Asia and Africa, intro to America",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Ischaemum,rugosum, Saramollagrass ,"paraquat 1989 Malaysia Rubber, Vegetables ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Ischaemum,rugosum, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Ischaemum,rugosum,syn Ischaemum alkoense,wrinkled grass,"periodically wet or soggy sites, especially on inundated or fallow fields; often abundant, sometimes on non-irrigated rice fields; up to 2400m alt (Philippines); lowland-irrigated, rainfed & tidal rice fields, a noxious weed, especially in rice fields, wh","SE Asia, tropcial Asia, tropical Amer & W Afr (introd), Pacific Islands; throughout Indonesia, except Sulawesi, the Moluccas & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ischaemum,rugosum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ischaemum,spp., ", all crops",Fiji; French Polynesia; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Ischaemum,timorense, Weed Science List
  • Ischaemum,timorense,syn ,"sunny or partly shaded, not too dry, but also not too marshy sites, on heavy & light soils; grassy roadsides, banks of terraces, along ditches, along forests margins; often abundant; up to 2000m alt (Java); rainfed & upland rice fields, a weed of minor im","tropical Asia, Malesia; throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ischaemum,timorense, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ixophorus,unisetum, Pasto Honduras,imazapyr 1988 Costa Rica Roadside , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Jarava,plumosa,Stipa papposa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Koeleria,cristata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Koeleria,macrantha, Weed Science List
  • Lagurus,ovatus,Hare's-tail grass,HXH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lagurus,ovatus, Hares-tail,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,11","Introduced deliberately from: Med , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lagurus,ovatus, Weed Science List
  • Lamarckia,aurea,Golden-top,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lamarckia,aurea, Golden-top,"Dispersal: animal external,?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Med, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lamarckia,aurea, Weed Science List
  • Lamarckia,aurea, goldentop,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Leersia,hexandra, southern cutgrass, Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Leersia,hexandra,"syn Leersia abyssinica, Leersia capensis",rice grass,"permanently moist sites; swamps, pools, soggy grasslands, borders of ditches; when floating it may have branches several meters long; in Malesia it does not set fruit, but when it is attacked by the fungus Testicularia leersiae the ovary swells & looks li","tropical Amer, pantropical & sometimes subtropical; was still rare in Java in 1860, but now common & has spread throughout Indonesia, except the Moluccas, as fa as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Leersia,hexandra, southern cutgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Leersia,japonica, Ashikaki," Aquatic weed, emerged ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Leersia,oryzoides,Cut-grass,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leersia,oryzoides, Cut-grass,"Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,8,10","Eur,temp As,N Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Leersia,oryzoides, Weed Science List
  • Leersia,oryzoides, rice cutgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Leersia,sayanuka, Cutgrass," Aquatic weed, emerged ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Leptochloa,chinensis, Weed Science List
  • Leptochloa,chinensis, perennial sub-dominance , Thailand Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Leptochloa,chinensis,syn ,"on heavy or light soils, swampy or inundated sites; especially in & along soggy grasslands, along drains; often abundant; in regions with or without a pronounced dry season; in Java up to 900m alt; all kinds of rice fields, an important weed because, afte","tropical Asia, S & SE Asia northeast & southeast to Japan, & Aust; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Leptochloa,chinensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Leptochloa,coerulescens, Weed Science List
  • Leptochloa,coerulescens, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Leptochloa,dubia,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leptochloa,fascicularis, bearded sprangletop,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Leptochloa,fasicularis, Diplachne fasicularis,"Salt meadow grass, Bearded sprangletop",In swampy marshlands,"USA coasts, tropical regions of Americas",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Leptochloa,filiformis, L. apnicea,Red Sprangletop,"Gardens and arable land, similiar to L. chinensis",Widely occurring grass weed in tropical and subtropical regions,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Leptochloa,filiformis, Weed Science List
  • Leptochloa,filiformis, red sprangletop,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Leptochloa,fusca,syn Festuca fusca; Diplachne fusca; Bromus polystachios,"canal banks, ditches, rice fields","SE Medit, trop. Afr & Asia; introduced but not widely distributed in SW Eur & S Amer","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Leptochloa,fusca ,"Leptochloa uninervia var. uninervia, Leptochloa uninervia, Diplachne uninervia",diplachne,E,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leptochloa,mucronata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leptochloa,panicea, Weed Science List
  • Leptochloa,panicea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Leptochloa,scabra, Weed Science List
  • Leptochloa,scabra, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Leptochloa,uninervia, Weed Science List
  • Leptochloa,uninervia, Mexican sprangletop,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Leptochloa,uninervia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Leymus,multicaulis, Weed Science List
  • Lolium,loliaceum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lolium,loliaceum, Weed Science List
  • Lolium,multiflorum,Italian Ryegrass,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lolium,multiflorum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lolium,multiflorum, Italian Ryegrass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual/Biennial. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,9","Eur,SW As,NW Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: ?Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lolium,multiflorum, Italian Ryegrass,diclofop 1987 USA Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,multiflorum, Italian Ryegrass,diclofop 1990 United Kingdom Cereals , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,multiflorum, Italian Ryegrass,diclofop 1993 South Africa Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,multiflorum, Italian ryegrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Lolium,multiflorum,syn ,Italian rye grass,"fields, gardens, lawns, orchards, roadsides, irrigation canals""Valuable fodder grass, cultivated in temp. countries for pasture & hay; highly palatable & nutritious, grows rapidly & gives a high yield of fodder""","Medit, Eur, W Asia; introduced into many temp. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Lolium,multiflorum, Weed Science List
  • Lolium,multiflorum, Italian ryegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lolium,perenne,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lolium,perenne,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lolium,perenne,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lolium,perenne,perennial ryegrass,HX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lolium,perenne, Perennial Ryegrass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,8,9,15","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,temp AS,N Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lolium,perenne, Perennial ryegrass,sulfmeturon 1989 USA , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,perenne, Perennial ryegrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Lolium,perenne,syn ,Perennial rye grass,"fields, gardens, orchards, canal banks, roadsides""Plant contains several alkaloids, mainly perlolidine & perloline; perloline is used as a treatment for rheumatism""",frequently cultivated as a lawn grass in Egypt.,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Lolium,perenne, Weed Science List
  • Lolium,perenne,X rigidum,Weed Science List
  • Lolium,remotum, Lolium linicolum,Hardy rye grass,"Only occurs sporadically, due to improved seed cleaning ","Eur, West Asia, Amer",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Lolium,remotum, Lolium linicola,"94% germ of recently harvested seeds, seeds placed in germinator soon after harvest & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; germ over large range of temps 7-35C, alt. or constant",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lolium,remotum, Weed Science List
  • Lolium,rigidum,Wimmera Ryegrass,HXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lolium,rigidum, "Wymmera (Wimmera) rye grass, rye grass",Rare arable weed in Europe,"Native Medit region, Occas Central and north Eur, Aust, parts of USA",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Lolium,rigidum, Wimmera Ryegrass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,9,11","Med and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lolium,rigidum, "seeds sown in field in late autumn of year of collection, most germ early next spring",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lolium,rigidum, Rigid ryegrass,Metalochlor 1984 Australia , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,rigidum, Rigid ryegrass,chlortoluron 1992 Spain Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,rigidum, Rigid ryegrass,diclofop 1982 Australia Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,rigidum, Rigid ryegrass,diclofop 1992 Spain Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,rigidum, Rigid ryegrass,diclofop 1995 Chile , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,rigidum, Rigid ryegrass,sulfonylureas 1984 Australia , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,rigidum, Rigid ryegrass,trifluralin 1984 Australia , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,rigidum, Rigid ryegrass,glyphosate 1996 Australia , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,rigidum, Rigid ryegrass,amitrole 1988 Australia , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,rigidum, Rigid ryegrass,simazine 1988 Australia , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,rigidum, Rigid ryegrass,simazine 1992 Spain Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,rigidum, Rigid ryegrass,"triazines 1979 Israel Orchard, Roadside ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lolium,rigidum, Weed Science List
  • Lolium,sp.,X hubbardii,Weed Science List
  • Lolium,sp.,X hybridum,Weed Science List
  • Lolium,temulentum,bearded ryegrass,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lolium,temulentum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lolium,temulentum,bearded ryegrass,HH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lolium,temulentum, Darnel,"Seed toxic, not as common due to improved seed cleaning techniques.","Scattered to rare- Eur, Afr, Asia, Amer, Aust.",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Lolium,temulentum, Bearded Ryegrass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,8,12","Introduced deliberately from: W As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lolium,temulentum, Darnel,"100% germ at all constant temps from 2-5C to 35C, & all alt. temp combinations; 97% germ of mature seed within 7days at 20-30C on moist toweling in petri dishes",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lolium,temulentum, Weed Science List
  • Lolium,temulentum, darnel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lolium,temulentum ,syn ,Bearded rye grass,"winter weed, mainly in wheat fieldsThe grain is toxic to livestock & even fatal; young plants are used as fodder","Medit, Eur, Asia, E & S Afr; introduced into N & S Amer & Aust","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Lolium,temulentum forma macrochaeton,syn ,"winter weed, mainly in wheat fieldslemma of flower very turgid at maturity & awned forma macrochaeton","Medit, Eur, Asia, E & S Afr; introduced into N & S Amer & Aust","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Lolium,temulentum forma arvense,syn ,"winter weed, mainly in wheat fieldsawnless or short-awned lemmas forma arvense","Medit, Eur, Asia, E & S Afr; introduced into N & S Amer & Aust","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Lolium,temulentum forma leptochaeton,syn ,"winter weed, mainly in wheat fieldslemma of flower very turgid at maturity & awnless forma leptochaeton","Medit, Eur, Asia, E & S Afr; introduced into N & S Amer & Aust","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Lolium,temulentum forma temulentum,syn ,long awned lemmas forma temulentum,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Lolium,x hubbardii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lolium,x hybridum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lophopyrum,elongatum,"Thinopyrum elongatum, Agropyron elongatum, Elymus elongatus",Tall Wheat-grass,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lophopyrum,elongatum, Tall Wheat-grass,"Dispersal: Water,?Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 11","Introduced deliberately from: S&SE Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Luziola,spruceana, Weed Science List
  • Luziola,spruceana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Melica,ciliata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melinis,minutiflora, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Melinis,minutiflora,molasses grass,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melinis,minutiflora, molassesgrass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Melinis,minutiflora,molasses grass,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Melinis,repens,Rhynchelytrum repens,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melinus,minutiflora, Weed Science List
  • Mibora,minima,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mibora,minima, "Early sand grass, Sand bent",Uncommon weed of cereals,"W Europe, Medit region, intro to Aust and N America",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Mibora,minima, Weed Science List
  • Microstegium,nudum, Weed Science List
  • Microstegium,vimineum, Japanese stilt grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Microstegium,vimineum,"Nepalgrass, Japanese grass",RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Milium,effusum, seeds germ at once after harvested remainder in following spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 100% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Miscanthus,floridulus, ", ",Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Miscanthus,japonicus, Weed Science List
  • Miscanthus,japonicus, Japanese silvergrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Miscanthus,japonicus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Miscanthus,sinensis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Miscanthus,sinensis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Miscanthus,sinensis, "eulalia grass, Chinese silver grass, zebra grass",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Miscanthus,sinensis, Weed Science List
  • Miscanthus,sinensis, , Miyasaki Niigata Oita Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Miscanthus,sinensis,zebra grass,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Molineriella,minuta,Periballia minuta,Small Hair-grass,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Molineriella,minuta, Small Hair-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Eur, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Molineriella,minuta, Weed Science List
  • Muhlenbergia,asperifolia, alkali muhly,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Muhlenbergia,frondosa, wirestem muhly,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Muhlenbergia,mexicana, Mexican muhly,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Muhlenbergia,schreberi, Nimblewill ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Muhlenbergia,schreberi, nimblewill,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Nardus,stricta,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nardus,stricta, seeds germ at once after harvested remainder in following spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 72% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Nardus,stricta, Weed Science List
  • Nassella,charruana,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nassella,charruana, Region of origin - Paraguay; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Nassella,hyalina,Spear-grass,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nassella,hyalina, Spear-grass,Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,"S Am, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Nassella,leucotricha,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nassella,megapotamia,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nassella,neesiana,Stipa neesiana,Chilean spear-grass,HH,LP,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nassella,neesiana, Chilean Spear-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,12","S Am, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Nassella,neesiana, "Chilean needle grass, spear grass",Weed Science List
  • Nassella,neesiana, "Chilean needle grass, spear grass",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nassella,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Nassella,trichotoma, Weed Science List
  • Nassella,trichotoma,Stipa trichotoma ,"serrated tussock, nassella tussock, Yass River tussock",HAH,LP,ACT; NSW; Vic; SA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nassella,trichotoma, Serrated Tussock,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,12","S Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Nassella,trichotoma, Stipa trichotoma ,"serrated tussock, nassella tussock, Yass River tussock","accounts for a greater reduction in pasture carrying capacity than any other weed in Aust; eaten by sheep & cattle only if nothing else is availabe, v. high fibre 86% & low protein 4%, animals unable to digest plant, causes fibre-balls & death","native of Arg, Chile, Peru & Uruguay & is one of the few S Amer plants to become weedy in Aust;introd to S Afr, NZ, Aust &occasionally in Eur","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Nassella,trichotoma, Serrated tussock N # ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Movement prohibited on roads (Section 52(2) applies) Roadside control cost to be m","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Nassella,trichotoma, serrated tussock,Weed Science List
  • Nassella,trichotoma, serrated tussock,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nassella ,tenuissima, white tussock,Declared Weed.Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: mountain grassland,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Nassella ,tenuissima, white tussock,Declared Weed.Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: mountain grassland,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Nassella ,trichotoma, nassella tussock,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registrationHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: mountain grassland, old and degraded landsCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Nassella ,trichotoma, nassella tussock,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registrationHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: mountain grassland, old and degraded landsCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Neyraudia,reynaudiana, Burma reed,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Neyraudia,reynaudiana,"Burma reed, cane grass","Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Oryza,barthii, Weed Science List
  • Oryza,barthii,syn ,"wild rice, red rice","Wild rice is a weed in over 50 countries, reducing the yields and quality of crop rice and the added expense required to mill red rice to the point where the coloured aleurone layer has been removed. Countries that consider wild rice a serious or principl",evolved from Asia and Afr,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Oryza,barthii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Oryza,longistaminata, Weed Science List
  • Oryza,longistaminata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Oryza,officinalis, "wild rice, red rice","Wild rice is a weed in over 50 countries, reducing the yields and quality of crop rice and the added expense required to mill red rice to the point where the coloured aleurone layer has been removed. Countries that consider wild rice a serious or principl",evolved from Asia and Afr,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Oryza,punctata, Weed Science List
  • Oryza,punctata, "wild rice, red rice","Wild rice is a weed in over 50 countries, reducing the yields and quality of crop rice and the added expense required to mill red rice to the point where the coloured aleurone layer has been removed. Countries that consider wild rice a serious or principl",evolved from Asia and Afr,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Oryza,punctata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Oryza,ridleyi, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Oryza,rufipogon,O. meriodionalis,Red rice,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oryza,rufipogon, Red Rice ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Oryza,rufipogon,= O. meriodionalis,Red rice,Weed Science List
  • Oryza,rufipogon, "wild rice, red rice","Wild rice is a weed in over 50 countries, reducing the yields and quality of crop rice and the added expense required to mill red rice to the point where the coloured aleurone layer has been removed. Countries that consider wild rice a serious or principl",evolved from Asia and Afr,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Oryza,rufipogon, "O. meriodionalis, Red rice",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Oryza,sativa,"red rice, paddy rice, rice",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oryza,sativa, Red rice,wide variation in seed dormancy; treat with 14% HCl for 15min at 15C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Oryza,sativa, Weed Science List
  • Oryza,sativa, "wild rice, red rice","Wild rice is a weed in over 50 countries, reducing the yields and quality of crop rice and the added expense required to mill red rice to the point where the coloured aleurone layer has been removed. Countries that consider wild rice a serious or principl",evolved from Asia and Afr,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Oryza,sativa, rice (including red rice),"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oryza ,rufipogon,"syn Oryza fatua, O fatua var. longe-aristata, O. sativa forma spontanea",red rice,"pools ditches & other sites with stagnant or slow-running water; sometimes abundant & becoming dominant, but usually rare; from 0-1000m alt; lowland-irrigated & lebak rice fields, a minor weed in Indonesia, except in deepwater rice; in Amer considered a s","Asia, India, Burma, Thailand & tropical Afr & Amer; throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands, Sualwesi & the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Oryzopsis,hymenoides, Indian ricegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum,amarum, beach grass ,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Panicum,amplexicaule, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,amplexicaule, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,antidotale,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,antidotale, "Rare, in central and N America",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Panicum,antidotale, Blue Panicgrass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Panicum,antidotale, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,arizonicum, Arizona panicum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum,austroasiaticum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,austroasiaticum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,bergii, Berg's panicgrass,P,Found a suspected sample of P. bergii in some Lucerne seed imported from S. AustraliaCould not rule out the possibilty of spp. being P. bergii and this would be a first record for the spp. in Australia.Advised WAQIS to prevent importation.This ID was l,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,bisulcatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,bisulcatum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,buncei,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,cambogiense, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,cambogiense, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Panicum,cambogiense, ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Panicum,capillare,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,capillare,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,capillare,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,capillare,Witch-grass,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,capillare, Witchgrass,Nox weed,"Native to N Amer, found in warmer climates, intro to Europe",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Panicum,capillare, Witch-grass,Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,"N Am, In Victoria: ?Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Panicum,capillare, Witchgrass,91% germ on blotters at alt. 20C:18hrs to 30C:6hrs; 87% germ on blotters/soil at alt. of 20C:10hrs to 30C:8hrs to 8C:6hrs,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Panicum,capillare, Witchgrass ,atrazine 1981 Canada Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Panicum,capillare, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,capillare, witchgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum,chloroticum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,chloroticum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,ciliatifolium,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Panicum,ciliatum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,ciliatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,coloratum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,coloratum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,coloratum,Coolah Grass,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,coloratum, Coolah Grass,Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,"trop Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Panicum,coloratum,syn ,"fields, gardens, lawns, hedges, canal banks","Egypt, trop. & subtrop. Afr","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Panicum,coloratum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,dichotomiflorum, Smooth Witchgrass,Grass weed on arable land especially maize crops. Also in damp places,"Medit region, N & S Amer",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Panicum,dichotomiflorum, full panic grass ,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Panicum,dichotomiflorum, fall panicum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum,erectum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,erectum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,fasciculatum, "Freq on arable land, prefers moist soil",Central America,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Panicum,fasciculatum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,fasciculatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,fasciculatum var. reticulatum, browntop panicum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum,flavidum, 78% germ of seed planted in moist sand 2wks after collection,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Panicum,gattingeri, Gattinger panicum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum,gilvum,SX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,gilvum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,gouini, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,gouini, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,hillmanii,Witch panic,XH,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,hillmanii, Witch Panic,Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,"N Am, In Victoria: ?",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Panicum,hillmanii, Hillman's panicgrass,P,"Seed found in a batch of Certified Cimmaron Lucerne seed due for shipment to WA from South AustraliaSpecies is established in SA, Vic & TasNative of Southern states of USA.See file on Panicum hillmanii",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,hygrocharis, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,hygrocharis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,laxum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,laxum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,luzonense, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,maximum, guinea grass,", gardens, roadsides",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Panicum,maximum,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,maximum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,maximum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,maximum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,maximum,Urochloa maximum in WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,maximum, Guinea grass,In arable and uncultivated land especially perennial crops. Freq cult as fodder grass,Tropical regions both hemispheres,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Panicum,maximum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,maximum, guineagrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum,miliaceum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,miliaceum, Important cultivated grass in Africa,"Africa, intro into America",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Panicum,miliaceum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,miliaceum, proso millet,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum,novemnerve,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,novemnerve, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,obseptum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,obtusum, vine mesquite,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum,paludosum,"syn Panicum proliferum, Panicum proliferum var. paludosun","prefers inundated lands; in pools & drains; scattered, sometimes gregarious; not common ; in Java up to 1650m alt; lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, of moderate value as a fodder grass","India, W Malesia, India, Sri Lanka; throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands & the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Panicum,phyllopogon, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,phyllopogon, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,psilopodium, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,psilopodium, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,purpurascens, paragrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum,racemosum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,racemosum, Region of origin - S Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Panicum,repens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,repens, "Medit region, Africa, intro to America",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Panicum,repens, torpedo grass ,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Panicum,repens,syn ,"fields, ditches, gardens, canal banksGood forage plant & a useful binder for canal banks","Medit, W & S Eur, warm regions of Asia & Afr, S USA; probably native of the Old World","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Panicum,repens, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,repens, torpedograss,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum,repens,torpedo grass,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Panicum,sabulorum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,sabulorum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,schinzii,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Panicum,schinzii, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,texanum, on open ground,Central America,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Panicum,texanum, Texas panicum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum,trichocladum, Weed Science List
  • Panicum,trichocladum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Panicum,trichoides, "Weak, far creeping",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Panicum,virgatum, P. coloratum,Switch grass,moist ground,North America,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Panicum,virgatum, switchgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Panicum ,repens,syn ,torpedo grass,"primarily a weed of moist, coastal, sandy soils it also grows in heavy upland soils & can tolerate drought; it cannot withstand permanent flooding but tolerates temporary flooding; in gardens, fields, plantations; often abundant; from 0-2000m alt; sometim","Asia, pantropical & subtropical; introd in Java ca. 1850; throughout Indonesia, except the Moluccas","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Parapholis,incurva,Coast Barb-grass,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Parapholis,incurva, Coast Barb-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,8,11","Eur,N Af,As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Parapholis,incurva, Weed Science List
  • Parapholis,strigosa,Slender Barb-grass,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Parapholis,strigosa, Slender Barb-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,8,11","W Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Parapholis,strigosa, Weed Science List
  • Paspalidium,geminatum,syn ,"irrigation canals, ditches, Nile banks, often floating on shallow water in moist ground close to springs & wells","trop. & subtrop. Afr, Asia & Amer","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Paspalidium,geminatum, Weed Science List
  • Paspalidium,geminatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Paspalum,atratum, atra paspalum,P,see report on File,G.R.I.N.,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Paspalum,cartilagineum,syn Paspalum scrobiculatum,"not in very wet places; up to 1500m alt; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","India, Sri Lanka, India, Throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Paspalum,ciliatifolium,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,ciliatifolium, fringeleaf paspalum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Paspalum,commersonii,"syn Paspalum scrobiculatum var. commersonii, P. scrobiculatum p.p. sensu",koda grass,"wet, open, cultivated areas; up to 1800m alt; upland, lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, only occasionally a nuisance, a very variable species","Afr, pantropical; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Paspalum,conjugatum, sour paspalum,", lawns, roadsides, disturbed places",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Paspalum,conjugatum,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,conjugatum, hilograss,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Paspalum,conjugatum, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,conjugatum, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Paspalum,conjugatum,syn ,"buffalo grass, hilo grass, sour grass, thruston grass","on not too dry, slightly to rather deeply shaded sites (but also in sunny places) in everwet regions; on roadsides, lawns, under hedges, on permises, in secondary forests, plantations; often abundant & forming dense masses, which suppress seddlings of oth","tropical Amer, pantropical; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Paspalum,conjugatum, sour paspalum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Paspalum,dasypleurum, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,dilatatum, paspalum,", ",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Paspalum,dilatatum,Paspalum,HXXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,dilatatum, Paspalum,"Valuable pasture grass. Similiar species P. conjugatum, P. distichum and P. virgatum",Native of S America. In most warm countries,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Paspalum,dilatatum, Paspalum,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,6,8,9","Introduced deliberately from: S Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Paspalum,dilatatum, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,dilatatum, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Paspalum,dilatatum, dallisgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Paspalum,distichum,Water Couch,HH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,distichum, Water Couch,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10","cosmopolitan, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Paspalum,distichum, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,distichum, Knotgrass,"perennial Aquatic weed, emerged", Taiwan Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Paspalum,distichum,syn Paspalum paspaloides,knot grass,"humid to wet, open to lightly shaded sites, often along polluted waters in villages, sometimes aquatic; from 0-1500m alt; upland, lebak & tidal rice fields, a serious weed in direct-seeded rice; can grow vigorously under favourable conditions, ","unknown, tropical & subtropical; recently recorded from Java & Sumatra","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Paspalum,distichum, "water couch, knotgrass, mercer grass, couch paspalum","Paspalum distichum is a perennial grass, which often invades cropland from irrigation canals and ditch banks. It is most troublesome in Asia and Latin America and is a weed in 20 crops in 61countries and frequently reported a weed of lowland rice, irrigat",native to S Amer; thrives in wet areas of the tropical and subtropical regions ,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Paspalum,distichum, knotgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Paspalum,exaltatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,exaltatum, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,fasciculatum, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,fimbriatum, Panama paspalum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Paspalum,fluitans, water paspalum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Paspalum,laeve, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,laeve, field paspalum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Paspalum,laeve, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Paspalum,longifolium,"syn Paspalum platycoleum, Paspalum scrobiculatum","sunny or partially shaded, humid to marshy soil at water edges; in Java up to 1800m alt; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","India, India, Burma, Thailand, Malesia, Aust: throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Paspalum,maculosum, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,maculosum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Paspalum,millegrana, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,millegrana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Paspalum,nicorae,Brunswickgrass,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,nicorae, Brunswickgrass,P,see report on File,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Paspalum,notatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,notatum, bahiagrass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Paspalum,notatum, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,notatum, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Paspalum,orbiculare, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Paspalum,orbiculare, ricegrass paspalum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Paspalum,paniculatum, Russell river grass,", taro, pasture, waste places",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Paspalum,paniculatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,paniculatum, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,paspalodes,syn Digitaria paspalodes; Paspalum distichum,Knotgrass,"rice fields, ditches, moist ground, canal banks, shallow waterGood pasturage","W & S Eur, E Medit, E Asia, Amer; originally native of Amer, naturalised in the Old World","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Paspalum,plicatulum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,plicatulum, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,pumilum, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,pumilum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Paspalum,quadrifarium,tussock paspalum,L,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,quadrifarium, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,regnellii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,scorbiculatum, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Paspalum,scrobiculatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Paspalum,thunbergii, ,paraquat 1990 Korea Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Paspalum,thunbergii, , Oita ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Paspalum,urvillei,XXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,urvillei, Weed Science List
  • Paspalum,urvillei, vaseygrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Paspalum,vaginatum, saltwater couch,", ",French Polynesia; Kiribati; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tuvalu; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Paspalum,vaginatum,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,vaginatum,syn Paspalum distichum ,"water couch grass, saltwater couch ","saline mud flats in ocastal areas, sometimes inland near salty pools, on wet, soggy inundated clays, often in open places in & around mangroves, around artificial brackish water; coastal fishponds, lagoons; sometimes forming a closed stand; rarely on sand","unknown, pantropical & subtropical; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Paspalum,virgatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,virgatum, Region of origin - Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - agriculture ? - Pasture ?,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Paspalum,wettsteinii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Paspalum,wettsteinii, Weed Science List
  • Pennisetum,alopecuroides,"Panicum alopercuroides, Panicum americanum and Pennisetum typhoideum",Swamp Foxtail-grass,HXw,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pennisetum,alopecuroides,"syn Panicum alopercuroides, Panicum americanum and Pennisetum typhoideum",Swamp Foxtail-grass,"Dispersal: ?animal external,?Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5Basionym: Panicum alopecuroideum L. ","Introduced deliberately from: As,Pacific and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pennisetum,alopecuroides,"syn Panicum alopercuroides, Panicum americanum and Pennisetum typhoideum",Weed Science List
  • Pennisetum,alopecuroides,"syn Panicum alopercuroides, Panicum americanum and Pennisetum typhoideum", Miyagi Oita ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Pennisetum,clandestinum, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Pennisetum,clandestinum,Kikuyu,HHXXHX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pennisetum,clandestinum, Kikuyu grass,Nox weed in all warm regions in perennial crops,"Native to E Africa, intro to Amer,",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Pennisetum,clandestinum, Kikuyugrass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Pennisetum,clandestinum, Kikuyu Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Pennisetum,clandestinum, Kikuyu,"Dispersal: ?Water,Vegetative,?Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,8","E Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pennisetum,clandestinum, Kikuyu grass,transferring 10cm plugs from established turf to pots in greenhouse,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Pennisetum,clandestinum, Kikuyu grass,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: roadsides, urban open spaces, on rich, moist soils in high rainfall areasCultivated for: sandbinding, fodder, lawn grass",Origin: tropical Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pennisetum,clandestinum, Kikuyu grass,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: roadsides, urban open spaces, on rich, moist soils in high rainfall areasCultivated for: sandbinding, fodder, lawn grass",Origin: tropical Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pennisetum,clandestinum, Weed Science List
  • Pennisetum,clandestinum, kikuyugrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pennisetum,glaucum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pennisetum,glaucum, Weed Science List
  • Pennisetum,japonicum, "80% germ at constant temp of 25-30C but much less at 15, 20, or 35C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Pennisetum,japonicum, Weed Science List
  • Pennisetum,japonicum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pennisetum,macrourum,"African feather grass, beddingrass",HXHw,L,Vic; SA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pennisetum,macrourum, African Feather-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8,9","S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pennisetum,macrourum, "African feather grass, beddingrass","coarse leaves of mature plants are of low palatability & not grazed by stock ex. when there is shortage of feed; infestations are small & dont spread readily, dense clumps of rhizomes are formed which virtually eliminate all other plants",native to SAfr spread to Aust & est. in NZ; occurs in all southern Aust States; ,"Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Pennisetum,macrourum, African feathergrass ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mo","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Pennisetum,macrourum, African feather grass,Weed Science List
  • Pennisetum,macrourum, African feather grass,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pennisetum,pedicellatum,deenanth grass,HH,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pennisetum,pedicellatum,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pennisetum,pedicellatum, Pennisetum,Weed Science List
  • Pennisetum,pedicellatum, Pasture grasses and legumes , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Pennisetum,pedicellatum, Pennisetum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pennisetum,polystachion, "feathery pennisetum, mission frass",", field crops, pastures",Fiji; French Polynesia; Fed. States of Micronesia; Guam; Solomon Islands ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Pennisetum,polystachion,Panicum polystachion ,mission grass,HHw,LP,NT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pennisetum,polystachion, Panicum polystachion ,mission grass,"aggressive grass, quickly invades cultivated fields & wastelands; important roadside weed of coastal Qld & NT; its spreading rapidly to become a problem weed in crops & conservation areas ","native of the Old World tropics; troublesome weed of plantation crops in Afr, India, upland SE Asia, Indonesia & Philippines; carried as an ornamental to Sri Lanka & Pacific Is","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Pennisetum,polystachion, mission grass,Weed Science List
  • Pennisetum,polystachion, Weed Science List
  • Pennisetum,polystachion, mission grass,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pennisetum,polystachyon, Pasture grasses and legumes , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Pennisetum,polystachyon,"syn Pennisetum triticoides, P. setosum, Panicum longisetum. Panicum polystachyon","elephant grass, mission grass","common in wastelands, up to 900m alt; occasionally in upland rice fields, a noxious, spreading weed in rubber in Java; becoming a troublesome weed, as they take over waste - & cultivated lands, considered a first-class fodder grass when young; it can be ","tropical Afr, tropics of Afr & Asia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Pennisetum,purpureum, elephant grass,", roadsides",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Pennisetum,purpureum, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Pennisetum,purpureum,Elephant or Napier grass,XXw,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pennisetum,purpureum, elephant grass,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: forest margins, riverbanks, valley floors, in sub-tropical regionsCultivated for: screening, ornament, fodder",Origin: tropical Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pennisetum,purpureum, elephant grass,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: forest margins, riverbanks, valley floors, in sub-tropical regionsCultivated for: screening, ornament, fodder",Origin: tropical Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pennisetum,purpureum, Weed Science List
  • Pennisetum,purpureum, napiergrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pennisetum,purpureum,Napier grass,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Pennisetum,ruppellii, fountaingrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pennisetum,setaceum, fountaingrass,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Pennisetum,setaceum,fountain grass,XXw,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pennisetum,setaceum, Fountain Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Pennisetum,setaceum, fountain grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Pennisetum,setaceum, fountian grass,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: roadsides, disturbed sites; P. setaceum is widespreadCultivated for: ornament",Origin: N Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pennisetum,setaceum, fountian grass,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: roadsides, disturbed sites; P. setaceum is widespreadCultivated for: ornament",Origin: N Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pennisetum,setaceum,"syn Pennisetum ruppelii, Phalaris setacea",Weed Science List
  • Pennisetum,setosum, West Indies pennisetum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pennisetum,thunbergii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pennisetum,thunbergii, Weed Science List
  • Pennisetum,villosum,"Cenchrus villosus, Pennisetum longistylum","longstyle feather grass, feathertop, feather grass, long-styled feather grass, white foxtail",X,L,NSW; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Pennisetum,villosum, Feathertop,"Dispersal: animal external,?Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: ?","Af,India, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pennisetum,villosum," Cenchrus villosus, Pennisetum longistylum","longstyle feather grass, feathertop, feather grass, long-styled feather grass, white foxtail",long serrated leaves of mature plants unpalatabe & rarely grazed by stock; strong rhizome growth produces large dense clumps which dominate infested pastures & reduce grazing area; prolific seeder,"native of N Afr & the Arabian Peninusla;nat. in many warmer parts of world, Burma, India, Pakistan, S Afr, Sri Lanka & USA; major weed of pineapples in Mysore State India","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Pennisetum,villosum, feathertop,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: roadsides, disturbed sites; P. villosum prefers cold and wet areasCultivated for: ornament",Origin: N Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pennisetum,villosum, feathertop,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: roadsides, disturbed sites; P. villosum prefers cold and wet areasCultivated for: ornament",Origin: N Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pennisetum,villosum, "longstyle feather grass, feathertop",Weed Science List
  • Pentaschistis,airoides,False Hair-grass,HH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pentaschistis,airoides, False Hair-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,?Water,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 3,4,5","S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pentaschistis,airoides, Weed Science List
  • Pentaschistis,pallida,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pentaschistis,thunbergii,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pentaschistis,thunbergii, Weed Science List
  • Peptochaetium,montevidense,Piptochaetium,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Peptochaetium,montevidense, Piptochaetium,"Dispersal: ?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","S Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Periballia,minuta,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phalaris,angusta,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phalaris,angusta, S Amer,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Phalaris,angusta, Weed Science List
  • Phalaris,aquatica,Toowoomba Canary-grass,HHXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phalaris,aquatica, Harding Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Phalaris,aquatica, Toowoomba Canary-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,6,8,9","Med and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Phalaris,aquatica, Weed Science List
  • Phalaris,aquatica,X arundinacea,Weed Science List
  • Phalaris,aquatica X P. arundinacea,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phalaris,aquaticum, Harding grass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Phalaris,arundinacea,syn. Digraphis,seed begins to germ almost immediately after harvest; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 95% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Phalaris,arundinacea,reed canary grass,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phalaris,arundinacea,reed canary-grass,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phalaris,arundinacea, Forms dense patches on river & canal banks to 3 m tall,Medit,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Phalaris,arundinacea, Reed Canary-grass,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water,?animal (not bird), internal,?Wind. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10","Introduced deliberately from: N Hem,S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Phalaris,arundinacea, Reed canary grass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Phalaris,arundinacea, Weed Science List
  • Phalaris,arundinacea, reed canarygrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Phalaris,arundinacea,canary grass,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.A native sp,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Phalaris,arundinacea, Weed in rich site ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Phalaris,brachystachys, Weed Science List
  • Phalaris,brachystachys, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Phalaris,canariensis,canary grass,XXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phalaris,canariensis, Canary grass,Grown as food for cage birds,Native medit and Canary Isl,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Phalaris,canariensis, Weed Science List
  • Phalaris,canariensis, canarygrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Phalaris,canariensis,canary grass,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Phalaris,coerulescens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phalaris,coerulescens, Weed Science List
  • Phalaris,lemmonii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phalaris,lemonii, Weed Science List
  • Phalaris,minor,Lesser Carnary-grass,HXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phalaris,minor, Tall grass to 1 m,"Native medit, intro to central and N Eur",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Phalaris,minor, Lesser Carnary-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,8,9,12","Med, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Phalaris,minor, Little seed canary grass ,isoproturon 1991 India Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Phalaris,minor, Little seed canary grass ,fenoxaprop 1993 Israel Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Phalaris,minor, Little seed canary grass ,fenoxaprop 1996 Mexico Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Phalaris,minor,syn ,Lesser canary grass,"fields, gardens, orchards, roadsidesGrain often used as a bird feed; plant useful forage grass","Medit, Eur, Asia; introduced into trop. & S Afr, Trop. Amer & Aust","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Phalaris,minor, Weed Science List
  • Phalaris,minor, littleseed canarygrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Phalaris,paradoxa,"Annual Canary-grass, pradoxa grass",XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phalaris,paradoxa, Annual Canary-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8,9","Med, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Phalaris,paradoxa, Hood canarygrass,fenoxaprop 1996 Mexico Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Phalaris,paradoxa, Hood canarygrass,"triazines 1979 Israel Roadside, Railway ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Phalaris,paradoxa,syn ,"fields, gardens, orchards, roadsidesGrain often used as a bird feed; plant useful forage grass","Medit, Eur, Asia; introduced into trop. & S Afr, Trop. Amer & Aust","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Phalaris,paradoxa, Weed Science List
  • Phalaris,paradoza, hood canarygrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Phalaris ,arundinacea, reed canary grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Phleum,arenarium,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phleum,pratense,Timothy grass,HXAXw,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phleum,pratense, "Timothy, Cat's tail grass",Extensively grown for Grazing and hay,"wide spread in Eur, Asia & NAmer.",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Phleum,pratense, Timothy Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 15","Introduced deliberately from: Eur, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Phleum,pratense, Timothy ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Phleum,pratense, timothy,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Phleum,pratense, Weed Science List
  • Phleum,pratense, timothy,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Phleum,subulatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phleum,subulatum, Weed Science List
  • Pholiurus,pannonics,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pholiurus,pannonicus, Weed Science List
  • Phragmites,australis,common reed,X,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phragmites,australis, common reed,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Phragmites,australis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Phragmites,australis,common reed,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.A native sp,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Phragmites,communis, P. australis,"Common reed, giant reed",Prefs damp soils to stagnant or flowing water,Cosmopolitan,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Phragmites,communis, Common reed,"50% germ of dry stored seed at room temp for 7mths, then placed outdoors in late autumn in stoppered glass vials half filled with water",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Phragmites,communis, Reed," Weed in poor site Aquatic weed, emerged", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Phragmites,communis, common reed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Phragmites ,australis,syn Arundo australis; Phragmites communis,"Common reed, Ditch reed","lakes, springs, ditches, irrigation canals, drains, Nile banks, wet ground, tolerant of saline soils""Plant used for thatching & making baskets, sleeping mats etc., especially in rural parts of the country; rhizomes are used in popular medicine for their ","widespread in temp. regions of the world, with extensions into the tropics","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Phyllostachys,aurea,X,L,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phyllostachys,aurea, Region of origin - China; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Phyllostachys,aurea, Weed Science List
  • Phyllostachys,bambusoides,L,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phyllostachys,mitis, Weed Science List
  • Phyllostachys,mitis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Phyllostachys,nigra,black bamboo,S,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phyllostachys,nigra, Black Bamboo ,SHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Phyllostachys,nigra, Weed Science List
  • Phyllostachys,spp.,black bamboo,SX,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phyllostachys,spp., Japanese bamboo,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Piptatherum,miliaceum,Rice Millet,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Piptatherum,miliaceum, Smilo Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Piptatherum,miliaceum, Rice Millet,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,8,12","Med, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Piptatherum,miliaceum, Weed Science List
  • Piptochaetium,montevidense,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Piptochaetium,montevidense, Region of origin - S Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Plagiochloa,uniolae, Weed Science List
  • Pleioblastus,linealis, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Pleioblastus,spp., , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Poa,annua,annual meadow grass,XXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Poa,annua, "Annual meadow grass, Annual Blue grass","Cereal, maize, vege, rape, beet, vines, orchards & nurseries",Cosmopolitan,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Poa,annua, Annual bluegrass,germ good at constant temps ranging from 7-35C & at alt. temps of 10-18C & 10-25C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,ethofumesate 1994 USA Grass Seed , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,diuron 1994 USA Grass Seed , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,paraquat 1981 United Kingdom Hops , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,paraquat 1993 Belgium Hops , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,amitrole 1983 Belgium Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,atrazine 1980 Germany Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,"atrazine 1988 Czech Republic Orchard, Railway", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,atrazine 1994 USA Grass Seed , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,"simazine 1981 Belgium Nurseries, Orchards, ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,simazine 1981 The NetherlandsOrchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,simazine 1981 United Kingdom Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,simazine 1982 Japan Golfcourse , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,simazine 1996 Norway Nurseries , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua, Annual Bluegrass,triazines 1978 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Poa,annua,syn ,Annual medaow grass,"winter weed in fields, gardens, lawns, moist ground near wells, springs, & irrigation canals""Good lawn grass, often grazed by livestock""","Medit, Eur, Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Poa,annua, Weed Science List
  • Poa,annua, Weed in rich site , Shizuoka Upland Japan Hokkaido Okayama ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Poa,annua, "annual bluegrass, annual poa, goose grass, winter grass, annual meadowgrass, poa annua","Poa annua is one of the smallest species of secondary weeds and yet one of the most studied, probably due to its extensive distribution, its adaptation ot numerous habitats and to the presence of both annual and perennial types within the species. It is a",nativeof Eur; found around the world in temperate and alpine climates,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Poa,annua, annual bluegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Poa,bulbosa,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Poa,bulbosa,Bulbous Meadow-grass,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Poa,bulbosa, Bulbous Meadow-grass,"Dispersal: ?animal external,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,12","Med,W Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Poa,bulbosa, Weed Science List
  • Poa,bulbosa, bulbous bluegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Poa,compressa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Poa,compressa, Canada bluegrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Poa,compressa, Weed Science List
  • Poa,compressa, Canada bluegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Poa,infirma,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Poa,infirma, Weed Science List
  • Poa,pratensis,English Meadow-grass,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Poa,pratensis, English Meadow-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8,9,","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,Temp As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Poa,pratensis, Kentucky bluegrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Poa,pratensis, Kentucky bluegrass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Poa,pratensis, Weed Science List
  • Poa,pratensis, Kentucky bluegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Poa,sphondylodes, Weed Science List
  • Poa,sphondylodes, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Poa,trivialis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Poa,trivialis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Poa,trivialis, Rough meadow grass,Frequent nox weed throughout dist. Esp winter cereals & patchy lucerne and clover crops on damp to moist loamy soils,"Eur, temp Asia, N Africa",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Poa,trivialis, Weed Science List
  • Polypogon,chilensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polypogon,chilensis, "Region of origin - Chile, Argentina, Uruguay & S Brazil; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Polypogon,interruptus, ditch polypogon,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polypogon,littoralis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polypogon,maritimus,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polypogon,maritimus, Weed Science List
  • Polypogon,monspeliensis,Annual Beard-grass,HXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polypogon,monspeliensis, Annual Beard-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10,11","Euras,N Af , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Polypogon,monspeliensis, Rabbit foot grass,83-95% germ of seed at 7 alt. temps (ranging between 10-25C & 20-35C) when substratum moistened with 0.2% soln of KNO3,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polypogon,monspeliensis, Rabbitfoot polypogon,triazines 1979 Israel Roadside , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Polypogon,monspeliensis,syn Alopecurus monspeliensis; Phalaris cristata,Annual beard grass,"irrigation canals, ditches, moist ground around springs & wells","Medit, W & S Eur, Asia, trop. & subtrop. Afr; introduced into many warm regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Polypogon,monspeliensis, Weed Science List
  • Polypogon,monspeliensis, rabbitfootgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polypogon,viridis,Agrostis viridis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Polypogon,viridis,syn Agrostis viridis; Phalaris semiverticillata; Agrostis verticillata; A. semiverticillata; Polypogon semiverticillatus,Water bent grass,"canal banks, ditches, moist ground in fields, around springs & wells","Medit, E & C Asia, E Afr; introduced into many temp. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Polypogon,viridis, Weed Science List
  • Polytrias,amaura,"syn Polytrias praemorsa, Andropogon amaurus, Eulalia amaura, Eulalia praemorsa","sunny to lightly shaded, dry, grassy sites, on light or heavy, usually infertile soils; along roads, in lawns; oftnen so abundant that the area has a brown-red glow during flowering; up to 1600m alt (Java); upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","India, India, Burma, Malesia, China; throughout Indonesia, except the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Pseudosassa,japonica, running bamboo,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Psilurus,incurvus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Psilurus,incurvus, Weed Science List
  • Puccinellia,airoides, Nuttall alkaligrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Puccinellia,ciliata,puccinellia,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Puccinellia,ciliata, Weed Science List
  • Puccinellia,distans,x,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Puccinellia,distans, Weed Science List
  • Puccinellia,distans, weeping alkaligrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Puccinellia,fasciculata,Borrers Saltmarsh-grass,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Puccinellia,fasciculata, Borrers Saltmarsh-grass,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 11","Eur,temp Af,As,N A, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Puccinellia,fasciculata, Weed Science List
  • Puccinellia,lemmoni, Lemmon alkaligrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhynchelytrum,repens, rose natal grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Rhynchelytrum,repens, Weed Science List
  • Rhynchelytrum,repens, natalgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhynchelytrum,repens,Natal grass,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Rostraria,cristata,"Lophochloa cristata, Trisetaria cristata",annual cat's tail,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rostraria,cristata, Weed Science List
  • Rostraria,pumila,Lophochloa pumila,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rostraria,pumila, Weed Science List
  • Rostraria,smyrnacea,syn. Lophochloa,Catstail ,triazines 1979 Israel Roadside , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Rottboellia,cochinchinensis, itch grass,", gardens, crops, roadsides, sugarcane",Fiji; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Islands ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Rottboellia,cochinchinensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rottboellia,exaltata, "Kokoma grass, Guinea fowl grass","Nox weed especially in perennial crops and in annual tropical crops, still spreading","Tropical Asia, now common in central Americas, Africa and Aust",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Rottboellia,exaltata,syn ,itchy grass,"weed of pastures & of several cultivated crops; usually in open, well-drained places; in S Afr, however, it occurs in wet places & may even grow in shallow water; it requires sunny to moderately shaded places, occurs in Imperata & other grasslands, dry cu","India, pantropical; throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Saccharum,benghalense, Weed Science List
  • Saccharum,benghalense, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Saccharum,officinarum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Saccharum,officinarum, Weed Science List
  • Saccharum,spontaneum, serio grass,"Saccharum spontaneum is a tropical grass species believed to have played a key role in the evolution of the noble cane, S. offinarum. Today S. spontaneum is utilized in several sugarcane breeding programs. It is found in waste areas, fallow fields, marsh","native to India, and is also a serious weed of India; tropical and subtropical, common in C SE Asia.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Sacciolepis,indica,"syn Sacciolepis angusta, Hymenachne indica","not too dry, not too heavy, preferably fertile soils, but also on rather poor soils on fallow lands & dryland fields, in Imperata grasslands & drained swamplands; locally often abundant; up to 1800m alt, especially above 400m; rainfed, upland & tidal rice","India, Asia, Aust, Polynesia & Afr; throughout Indonesia, except the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Sacciolepis,interrupta, Weed Science List
  • Sacciolepis,interrupta,"syn Hymenachne interrupta, Panicum interruptum","grows invariably inswamps or stagnant water, in pools, along ditches & drains; gregarious & abundant; up to 700m alt (Java); often mixed with Hymenachne acutigluma, from which it can be distinguished by its hallow stem, short inflorescence & branches & th","unknown, from W Afr to S China; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Sacciolepis,interrupta, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sacciolepis,myosuroides,syn Panicum myosuroides,"not too dry, not too heavy, preferably fertile soils, but also on rather poor soils on fallow lands & dryland fields, in Imperata grasslands & drained swamplands; locally often abundant; up to 1800m alt, especially above 400m; rainfed, upland & tidal rice","unknown, India, Aust;throughout Indonesia, except the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Sasa,ramosa, ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Schedonnardus,paniculatus, tumblegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Schismus,arabicus,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Schismus,arabicus, Mediterranean Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Schismus,arabicus, Weed Science List
  • Schismus,barbatus,Arabian Grass,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Schismus,barbatus, Mediterranean Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Schismus,barbatus, Arabian Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Af,Med,India, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Schismus,barbatus, Weed Science List
  • Schismus,barbatus, mediterraneangrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Schizachyrium,brevifolium, Weed Science List
  • Schizachyrium,brevifolium, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Schizachyrium,paniculatum, Weed Science List
  • Schizachyrium,paniculatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sclerochloa,dura,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sclerochloa,dura, Weed Science List
  • Scleropoa,rigida, hardgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Secale,cerale, Cultivated rye ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Secale,cereale,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Secale,cereale, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,acromelaena, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,acromelaena, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Setaria,adhaerens, ,atrazine 1992 Spain Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,aequalis, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,aequalis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Setaria,barbata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,barbata, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,decipiens, Foxtail,"Weed of maize, beet, vegetables, orchards, vineyards and other crops",Cosmopolitan,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Setaria,dielsii, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,faberi, Giant Foxtail ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Setaria,faberi, Giant Foxtail,fluazifop 1991 USA Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,faberi, Giant Foxtail,"nicosulfuron 1996 USA Corn, Soybean ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,faberi, Giant Foxtail,atrazine 1984 USA Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,faberi, Giant Foxtail,atrazine 1987 Spain Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,faberi, Giant foxtail,Weed Science List
  • Setaria,faberi, Giant foxtail,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Setaria,faberi,nodding foxtail-grass,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Setaria,faberii, Giant Foxtail,Nox weed in maize in USA,"Asia, intro to USA",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Setaria,faberii, Giant foxtail,"90% germ of prechilled seed on moist filter paper for 2wks at 2-4C, with temps between 15-30C, with light having little effect; seeds with brown/black lemmas & paleas were 1st & only seed to germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Setaria,faberii, giant foxtail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Setaria,geniculata, "Perennial species, with rhizomes","Native to N Amer, become estab throughout the world",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Setaria,geniculata, "slender pigeon grass, knotroot foxtail, bristlegrass, knotroot","Setaria geniculata is a slender, loosely tufted, erect perennial grass. It is principally a weed in the Americas and Asia, and is conspicuous by its absence in Afr. It is found in perennial and annual crops, pastures, roadsides, gardens, orchids, ditch ba","native to the tropical Americas and grows from sea level to well over 3000m in this region, also in subtropical regions",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Setaria,geniculata, knotroot foxtail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Setaria,glauca," S. lutescens, S. pumila","Yellow Bristle grass, Pale Pigeon grass","Weed of maize, beet, vegetables, orchards, vineyards and other crops",Cosmopolitan,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Setaria,glauca, Setaria lutescens,Yellow foxtail,"90% germ of caryopses from dry stored seed of 4mnths, at alt. 20-30C in light; pretreatments of low temps & high moisture, or 30min conc. sulfuric acid, soaking for 15.5hrs in 0.5-1% soln of KNO3 of seed scarified with sand paper all inc. germ ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Setaria,glauca, Yellow Foxtail,atrazine 1981 Canada Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,glauca, Yellow Foxtail,atrazine 1984 USA Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,glauca, Yellow Foxtail,atrazine 1987 Spain Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,glauca, Yellow Foxtail,triazines 1981 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,glauca,syn ,"pale pigeon grass, yellow foxtail, yellow bristle grass, mongoose tail","Setaria glauca is a widely distributed annual grass found in diverse habitats. It is a weed of cereals, vegetables, root crops, pastures, roadsides and waste areas. It is the most widely distributed Setaria in the US but is conspicuously absent in most o","originated in Eur; now spread throughout N Amer, the Andean countries of S Amer, Aust and Asia",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Setaria,glauca, yellow foxtail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Setaria,gracilis,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,gracilis,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,gracilis, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,homonyma, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,homonyma, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Setaria,incrassata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,incrassata, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,italica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,italica, "A derivative of S. viridis, widely cultivated for bird seed",Temperate localities,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Setaria,italica, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,italica, foxtail millet,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Setaria,italica,foxtail-millet,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Setaria,luetescens, Yellow Foxtail,imazapyr 1997 USA Soybean , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,pallide-fusca,syn ,"sunny to moderately shaded, neither too dry nor too swampy, light to heavy soils; fallow fields, gardens, compunds, roadsides, Imperata & other grasslands; locally abundant & then conspicuous because of the glaucous leaves & purplish red bristles of the y","unknown, tropics of Afr, Asia to Polynesia & Aust; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Setaria,pallide-fusca, "Queensland pigeon grass, cat's tail grass, millet sauvage","Setaria pallide-fusca is an annual weed often found in its native Africa and parts of Asia and Australia. It infests dryland crops, roadsides, waste areas, ditches and occasionally grasslands. It is adapted to a wide range of soils and climates and is e",native to Afr ; found in Asia and Aust,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Setaria,palmifolia,palm grass,XXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,palmifolia, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,parviflora,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,poiretiana,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,poiretiana, Region of origin - trop Amer; Extent of spread - localised - spreading; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Setaria,poiretiana, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,poiretiana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Setaria,pumila,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,pumila,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,pumila,syn Panicum pumilum; Setaria glauca; S. lutescens,Yellow bristle grass,"fields, gardens, orchards, roadsides, waste ground, irrigation canals","N Afr, Eru, Asia; introduced into many warm & temp. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Setaria,pumila, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,pumila,smooth millet,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Setaria,sphacelata,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,sphacelata,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,sphacelata, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,verticillata,whorled pigeon grass,L,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,verticillata, Panicum verticillatum,Bur or Rough Bristle grass,"Weed of maize, beet, vegetables, orchards, vineyards, cotton and other crops",Cosmopolitan,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Setaria,verticillata, Bristly foxtail,"only 24% germ at constant temps 25, 30 &35C, alt. temps of 5-15C, 10-18C & 10-25C gave poorer results",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Setaria,verticillata, Bristly Foxtail,atrazine 1992 Spain Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,verticillata,syn Panicum verticillatum,Rough bristle grass,"fields, gardens, orchards, moist shaded ground, ditches, irrigation canals","N Afr, Eur, Asia; introduced elsewhere into warm & temp. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Setaria,verticillata, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,verticillata, bristly foxtail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Setaria,viridis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Setaria,viridis," Chaetochloa viridis, Panicum laevigatum, Panicum purpurascens","Green Bristle grass, Green Pigeon grass, Bottle grass","Weed of maize, beet, vegetables, vineyards and neglected gardens",Cosmopolitan,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Setaria,viridis, Green foxtail,"germ of seeds with coats entirely or partially removed ranged from 40-86% at 25C, 64-90% at 30C & 68-74% at 35C, germ of intact seed ranged from 14-53% at 25C, 20-55% at 30C & 34-58% at 35C; 98% germ of seed sown in field in autumn following collection ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Setaria,viridis, Green Foxtail,diclofop 1992 Canada Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,viridis, Green Foxtail,trifluralin 1988 Canada Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,viridis, Green Foxtail,"trifluralin 1989 USA Wheat, sunflower ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,viridis, Green Foxtail,atrazine 1987 Spain Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,viridis, Green Foxtail,triazines 1982 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,viridis,syn Panicum viride,Green bristle grass,"fields, gardens orchardsGood fodder for cattle when young","N Afr, Eur, Asia; introduced into N & S Amer & Aust","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Setaria,viridis, Weed Science List
  • Setaria,viridis, annual sub-dominance , Upland Korea ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Setaria,viridis, green foxtail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Setaria,viridis,green millet,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Setaria,viridis var. major, Giant Green Foxtail,triazines 1982 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,viridis var. robusta-alba, Robust white foxtail,"nicosulfuron 1996 USA Corn, Soybean ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Setaria,viridus, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Sieglingia,decumbens,Danthonia decumbens,Heath Grass,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sieglingia,decumbens, Heath Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,9","Eur,W As,N Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Sitanion,hystrix, squirreltail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Snowdenia,polystachya, Weed Science List
  • Snowdenia,polystachya, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sorghastrum,nutans,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorghum,almum, sorghum almum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sorghum,arundinaceum, Weed Science List
  • Sorghum,arundinaceum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sorghum,arundinaceum (=S. verticilliflorum), wild sorghum,", vegetables",Cook Islands Fiji French Polynesia New Caledonia Papua New Guinea Solomon Islands Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Sorghum,bicolor,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorghum,bicolor,S. sudanense,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorghum,bicolor,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorghum,bicolor, Sorghum vulgare,Wild cane,"seed tested 3days after harvest germ 2-92%; at 5mth, 39-99%; & at 21mths 55-100% at alt. 20-30C; pricking seed coat induced germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Sorghum,bicolor, Shattercane ,AlS inhibitors 1994 USA Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Sorghum,bicolor, "shattercane, broom corn",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Sorghum,bicolor, Weed Science List
  • Sorghum,bicolor, wild cane,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sorghum,brevicarinatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorghum,brevicarinatum, Weed Science List
    Sorghum,cv. hybrid Silk, silk forage sorghum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sorghum,halapense, Johnson grass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Sorghum,halapense, Johnson grass,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Sorghum,halepense, Johnson grass,", disturbed areas, roadsides",Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Sorghum,halepense,"Andropogon halepensis, Holcus halepensis, Sorghum bicolor ssp. halepense","Johnson grass, evergreen millet",XX,LP,NSW; NT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorghum,halepense, Johnson grass,"Dangerous weed of crops in warmer zones (soy beans, cotton, sugar cane)",Medit region and SE Europe,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Sorghum,halepense, Johnsongrass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Sorghum,halepense, Johnson grass,removal of hull & naked kernal treated with conc. sulfuric acid for 2min washed with sodium bicarbonate soln & water-germ at 25-40C alt. normal seedlings produced at any constant temp up to 35C; vegetative propagation by rhizomes cut into pieces,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Sorghum,halepense, Johnsongrass ,fluazifop 1991 USA Soybean , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Sorghum,halepense, Johnsongrass ,dinitroanilines 1992 USA , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Sorghum,halepense," Andropogon halepensis, Holcus halepensis, Sorghum bicolor ssp. halepense","Johnson grass, evergreen millet","one of the 10 worst weeds in the world; causes severe crop losses as result of direct competition, allelopathic action & by acting as an altenate host to crop pests & diseases","native of subtropical Indo-European region; southern India to western Pakistan; widely distributed Near East, N Afr, & southern Eur; introd & nat. in N & S Amer, Hawaii, NZ & Aust & nearby islands","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Sorghum,halepense, Johnson grass,Weed Science List
  • Sorghum,halepense, johnsongrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sorghum,halepense, Johnson grass,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sorghum,halepense,Johnson grass,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Sorghum,miliaceum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorghum,miliaceum, Weed Science List
  • Sorghum,sp.,x almum,Columbus grass,Weed Science List
  • Sorghum,spp.,cv. hybrid Silk,silk forage sorghum,Weed Science List
  • Sorghum,spp. hybrid cv. silk,Silk forage sorghum,LP,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorghum,spp. hybrid cv. silk, Silk forage sorghum,"Silk forage sorghum is a selection from the progeny of a cross between the hybrid, Sorghum halepense X S. roxburghii & Sorghum arundinaceum, developed & submitted for registration as a forage grass","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Sorghum,stipodeum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorghum,sudanense, Sudan grass,", disturbed areas, roadsides",French Polynesia; Guam; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tonga ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Sorghum,sudanense, Weed Science List
  • Sorghum,sudanense, sudangrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sorghum,sudanese, S. halepense var. sudanese,Similiar to S. halapense but an annual,"S USA, Africa, Medit region",Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Sorghum,verticilliflorum, Similiar to S. halepense but without rhizomes,Africa,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Sorghum,verticilliflorum, Weed Science List
  • Sorghum,virgatum,syn ,Tunis grass,"fields, Nile and canal banksUsed as a forage plant",trop. & subtrop. Afr; introduced elsewhere into warmer regions of the world,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Sorghum,x almum,"Columbus grass, almum grass, sorghum almum",LP,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorghum,x almum, "Columbus grass, almum grass, sorghum almum","not an invasive plant in the same sense as Johnson grass; seedlings readily establish on disturbed soils & once est. has potential to harbour diseases & insect pests of sorghum, maize & sugarcane","Columbus grass is derived from a natural cross between an unknown cultivated var. of Sorghum bicolor & subtropical weed Johnson grass originated in Arg; introd as forage crop in USA, Algeria, Nigeria, S Afr, India, NZ & Aust","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Sorghum,x almum, Columbus grass,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Spartina,alterniflora, Atlantic Cordgrass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Spartina,alterniflora, Smooth cordgrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Spartina,alterniflora, smooth cordgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spartina,angelica, Cordgrass ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Spartina,anglica,Cord-grass,HXX,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Spartina,anglica, Cord Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Spartina,anglica, Cord-grass,Dispersal: Water/Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 11,"Introduced deliberately from: Eur, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Spartina,anglica, Weed Science List
  • Spartina,anglica, Cord-grass,P,Dispersal: Water/Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 11,"Introduced deliberately from: Eur, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Spartina,bakeri, Florida cordgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spartina,cynosuroides, big cordgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spartina,densiflora, Dense-flowered Cord Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Spartina,maritima, Weed Science List
  • Spartina,patens, Salt-meadow Cord Grass ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Spartina,patens, ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Spartina,patens, saltmeadow cordgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spartina,sp.,X townsendii,Weed Science List
  • Spartina,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Spartina,spp.,"spartina, cordgrass",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Spartina,x townsendii,Townsends cord-grass,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Spartina,x townsendii, Townsends Cord-grass,Dispersal: Water/Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 11,"Introduced deliberately from: Eur (hybrid), In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Sphenopus,divaricatus, Weed Science List
  • Spinifex,sericeus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Spodiopogon,sibiricus, ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Sporobolus,africanus,"Agrostis africana, Agrostis capensis, Agrostis spicata, Sporobolus capensis, Sporobolus indicus, Vilfa capensis","Parramatta grass, African dropseed grass, rat's tail grass, tussock grass",LP,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sporobolus,africanus," Agrostis africana, Agrostis capensis, Agrostis spicata, Sporobolus capensis, Sporobolus indicus, Vilfa capensis","Parramatta grass, African dropseed grass, rat's tail grass, tussock grass","tough unpalatable & less digestable; serious weed of NSW north coast pastures; aggressive in wet & swampy soils, competing readily with paspalum-white clover pastures, often becoming dominant & reduces pasture production","native of S Afr; introd to N&S Amer, southern Asia, Indonesia, Hawaii, South Pacific Is., NZ & Aust","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Sporobolus,africanus, S. indicus,Parramatta grass,Weed Science List
  • Sporobolus,africanus, "syn. S. indicus, Parramatta grass",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sporobolus,airoides, alkali sacaton,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sporobolus,capensis, rattail dropseed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sporobolus,coromandelianus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sporobolus,cryptandrus, sand dropseed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sporobolus,diander, Indian dropseed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sporobolus,heterolepis, prairie dropseed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sporobolus,indicus,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sporobolus,indicus,Sporobolus africanus,Rat-tail Grass,HXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sporobolus,indicus, Weed Science List
    Sporobolus,inidcus, Rat-tail Grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,8,-12","S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Sporobolus,jacquemontii,Sporobolus pyramidalis var. jacquemontii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sporobolus,jacquemontii, Weed Science List
  • Sporobolus,natalensis,giant rat's tail grass,L,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sporobolus,neglectus, annual dropseed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sporobolus,poiretii, smutgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sporobolus,pyramidalis,Sporobolus pyramidalis var. pyramidalis,giant rat's tail grass,LP,Qld; NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sporobolus,pyramidalis, Weed Science List
  • Sporobolus,pyramidalis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sporobolus,scabridus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sporobolus,tremulus, Weed Science List
  • Sporobolus,tremulus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sporobolus,vaginiflorus, poverty dropseed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Stenotaphrum,secundatum,Buffalo Grass,HXXHX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Stenotaphrum,secundatum, Buffalo Grass,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: Af,N Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Stenotaphrum,secundatum, Weed Science List
  • Stenotaphrum,secundatum, St Augustinegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Stipa,avenacea, blackseed needlegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Stipa,brachychaeta,espartillo,LP,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Stipa,brachychaeta, espartillo,"native to S Amer sprd to USA, Afr, & Aust as contaminant of seed","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Stipa,brachychaeta, Weed Science List
  • Stipa,brachychaeta, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Stipa,caudata, espartillo,Weed Science List
  • Stipa,caudata, espartillo,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Stipa,cernua, Weed Science List
  • Stipa,cernua, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Stipa,comata, needleandthread,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Stipa,hyalina, Weed Science List
  • Stipa,leucotricha, Weed Science List
  • Stipa,megapotamia, Weed Science List
  • Stipa,neesiana,see Nasella,Weed Science List
  • Stipa,spartea, porcupinegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Stipa,viridula, green needlegrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Stipa ,caudata,espartillo,L,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Stipa ,caudata, espartillo,"problem weed in lucerne, both in Arg & California, reducing yield & interferring with mowing; palatable when young but mature leaves are tough & not grazed","native to S Amer sprd to USA, Afr, & Aust as contaminant of seed","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Stipa ,neesiana,Chilean needle grass,H,L,ACT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Taeniatherum,asperum, Elymus caput-medusae,Medusa head,"92% germ of seed dry stored seed at room temp for 4mths after collection, 6% after 2wks & 4% after 1mth",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Taeniatherum,asperum, medusahead,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Taeniatherum,caput-medusa, Medusa-head ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Taeniatherum,caput-medusae,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Taeniatherum,caput-medusae, Medusahead ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Taeniatherum,caput-medusae, Medusahead ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Taeniatherum,caput-medusae, medusa head,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Taeniatherum,caput-medusae, Weed Science List
  • Taeniatherum,caput-medusae, P,Prohibited List entry by AQIS,37,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Themeda,arguens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Themeda,gigantea, Weed Science List
  • Themeda,gigantea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Themeda,quadrivalis, grader grass,", ",Fiji; New Caledonia; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Themeda,quadrivalvis,Andropogon quadrivalvis,grader grass,XH,LP,NT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Themeda,quadrivalvis, Andropogon quadrivalvis,"grader grass, habana grass, oatgrass","readily eaten by stock before the panicle appears, but flowering plants are rarely grazed; matures rapidly then dies, spreads quickly an is a serious threat to the productivity of pastures & natiave grasslands","originated in natural grasslands of those parts of India receiving between 200-375mm annual rainfall, but thrives in 500-875mm districts of India","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Themeda,quadrivalvis, grader grass,Weed Science List
  • Themeda,quadrivalvis, grader grass,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Thinopyrum,distichum,Agropyron distichum,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Thinopyrum,distichum, Weed Science List
  • Thinopyrum,elongatum,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Thinopyrum,junceiforme,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Thinopyrum,junceiforme, Weed Science List
  • Thinopyrum,junceum,Sea Wheat-grass,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Thinopyrum,junceum, Sea Wheat-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,11","W&N eur, In Victoria: ?Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Tribolium,acutiflorum,tribolium,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Tribolium,acutiflorum, Weed Science List
  • Tribolium,acutiflorum,Tribolium,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Tribolium,acutiflorum, Tribolium,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,9","S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Tribolium,echinatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Tribolium,echinatum, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Tribolium,echinatum, Weed Science List
  • Tribolium,uniolae,Plagiochloa uniolae,HS,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Tribolium,uniolae, Weed Science List
  • Trichachne,insularis, Weed Science List
  • Trichachne,insularis, sourgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Trichachne,insularis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Tricholaena (see Rhynchelytrum), "Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Tripsacum,dactyloides, Weed Science List
  • Trisetum,flavescens, Weed Science List
  • Trisetum,spicatum, 99% germ of seed selected with filled caryopses at 18C in dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Triticum,aestivum,wheat,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Triticum,aestivum, Weed Science List
  • Uniola,paniculata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Urochloa,advena, Weed Science List
  • Urochloa,brizantha, Weed Science List
  • Urochloa,decumbens, Weed Science List
  • Urochloa,maxima,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Urochloa,maxima, Weed Science List
  • Urochloa,mosambicensis,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Urochloa,mosambicensis, Weed Science List
  • Urochloa,mutica, Weed Science List
  • Urochloa,oligotricha,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Urochloa,oligotricha, Weed Science List
  • Urochloa,panicoides,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Urochloa,panicoides,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Urochloa,panicoides, Liverseed grass,Weed Science List
  • Urochloa,pullulans, Weed Science List
  • Urochloa,ramosa, Weed Science List
  • Urochloa,rhodesiensis, Weed Science List
  • Urochloa,texana, Weed Science List
  • Vulpia,bromoides,Squirrel-tail Fescue,HH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Vulpia,bromoides, Squirrel-tail Fescue,"Dispersal: animal external,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1-5,8,9,12,15","Eur,W As,Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Vulpia,bromoides, Silvergrass ,paraquat 1990 Australia Alfalfa , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Vulpia,bromoides, Weed Science List
  • Vulpia,ciliata,Fringed Fescue,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Vulpia,ciliata, Fringed Fescue,"Dispersal: animal external,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1","Med, In Victoria: ?",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Vulpia,ciliata, Weed Science List
  • Vulpia,fasciculata,Dune Fescue,XXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Vulpia,fasciculata, Dune Fescue,"Dispersal: animal external,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,11","W Eur,Med, In Victoria: ?Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Vulpia,fasciculata, Weed Science List
  • Vulpia,membranacea,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Vulpia,muralis,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Vulpia,muralis, Weed Science List
  • Vulpia,myorus, (Festuca myorus) Rat-tailed fescue ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Vulpia,myuros,V. megalura,Fox-tail fesuce or Rat's tail fescue,HXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Vulpia,myuros,Rats-tail Fescue,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Vulpia,myuros, Weed Science List
  • Vulpia,myuros forma megalura, Fox-tail Fesuce,"Dispersal: animal external,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Med,W Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Vulpia,myuros forma myuros, Rats-tail Fescue,"Dispersal: animal external,animal (not bird), internal,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,11","Eur,Med,SW As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Zea,mays,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Zea,mays, Weed Science List
  • Zea,mexicana,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Zizania,aquatica, Annual wildrice,"seeds stored in water at 1-3C immediately after harvest, germ 91% after 7mths cold-wet storage & 84% after 5mths; seeds stored more than 7mths in water at 1-3C began to germ in storage; germ well at temps ranging from 15-30C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Zizania,aquatica, annual wildrice,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Zizania,latifolia, Wildrice," Aquatic weed, emerged ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Zizaniopsis,miliacea, giant cutgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Zoysia,japonica, , Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Zoysia,tenuifolia, Weed Science List
  • Trichachne,insularis,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa


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