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Rod Randall's Big Weed List

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Plant families: Melastomataceae-Plumbaginaceae

  • Melastomataceae
  • Clidemia,hirta, Weed Science List
  • Clidemia,hirta, curse,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Clidemia,hirta, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Clidemia,hirta, Koster's curse,"South America, pasture, native vegetation", Fiji; Niue; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Clidemia,hirta, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Clidemia,hirta,Koster's curse,L,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Clidemia,hirta, "soapbush, Koster's cure",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Melastoma,affine,"syn Melastoma malabathricum, Melastoma polyanthum","in Imperata fields & other grassy areas, secondary forests, brushwoods; sunny, wet to very dry sites, also in bamboo groves, in some places forming pure stands; also in tea & cinchona plantations; from 0 up to 2100m alt; upland& tidal rice fields, a weed ","Asia, tropical Asia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Melastoma,malabathricum, Banks melastoma,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Melastoma,malabathricum, Banks melastoma,"Melastoma malabathricum is a perennial shrub, and ranks as an important world weed because it is so widespread and competitive in the agriculture of tropical and subtropical Asia, particularly in all kinds of perennial plantations and orchards and also in",tropical and subtropical climates,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Melastoma,sanguineum, Weed Science List
  • Melastoma,sanguineum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Miconia,calvescens, ", ",French Polynesia; New Caledonia; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Miconia,calvescens, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Miconia,calvescens,miconia,E,L,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Miconia,calvescens, velvet tree,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Miconia,spp.,miconia,E,L,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ossaea,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Tibouchina,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Tristemma,mauritianum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Meliaceae
  • Azadirachta,indica,"Melia azadirachta, Antelaea azadirachta",neem,w,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cedrela,odorata,Spanish cedar,E,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chukrasia,velutina,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Khaya,senegalensis,"African mahogany, Senegal mahogany",S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melia,azedarach,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melia,azedarach, Chinaberry tree,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Melia,azedarach, "syringa, Persian lilac","Proposed Declared Invader. Subject of herbicide registration Woody SpeciesInvades: savanna, roadsides, urban open space, wasteland, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, shade",Origin: Asia (Indian cultivar),Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Melia,azedarach, "syringa, Persian lilac","Proposed Declared Invader. Subject of herbicide registration Woody SpeciesInvades: savanna, roadsides, urban open space, wasteland, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, shade",Origin: Asia (Indian cultivar),Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Melia,azedarach, chinaberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Melia,azedarach,Chinaberry,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Melia,azedarach,Chinaberry,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Toona,ciliata, "toon tree, toonboom","Woody SpeciesInvades: forest gaps, plantations, riverbanks, roadsidesCultivated for: timber, ornament, shade",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Toona,ciliata, "toon tree, toonboom","Woody SpeciesInvades: forest gaps, plantations, riverbanks, roadsidesCultivated for: timber, ornament, shade",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Melianthaceae
  • Melianthus,comosus,tufted honeyflower,XXX,NLP,Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melianthus,comosus, tufted honeyflower,"although all parts are toxic, the objectionable odour deters grazing animals & the plant is rarely eaten; flowers are attractive to bees & a dark possibly poisonous honey is produced; very dense clumps restrict animal movement & reduce pasture production;","originated in southern Afr & has acquired some status as a garden plant throughout the worldintrod to Aust as a garden plant, still grown in Vic gardens; has become nat. in several areas particularly near Benalla in the NE, the Grampians & near Geelong, ","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Melianthus,comosus, tufted honeyflower,Weed Science List
  • Melianthus,comosus, tufted honeyflower,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Melianthus,major,Cape honey flower,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melianthus,major, Weed Science List
  • Menispermaceae
  • Calycocarpum,lyoni, cupseed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cissampelos,pareira,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cissampelos,pareira, Weed Science List
  • Cissampelos,pareira, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cocculus,carolinus, redberry moonseed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Menispermum,canadense, common moonseed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Menyanthaceae
  • Nymphoides,humboldtianum, Weed Science List
  • Nymphoides,humboldtianum, syn. Limnanthemum spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Molluginaceae
  • Galenia,pubescens, Weed Science List
  • Galenia,secunda, Weed Science List
  • Glinus,lotoides,syn ,Hairy glinus,muddy Nile and canal banks,"trop., subtrop. & warm temp. regions of the Old World; introduced into Amer","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Glinus,lotoides,"syn Mollugo hirta, Molluga lotoides, Tryphera prostrata","in cultivated areas, on soggy & periodically desiccated soils, on usually heavy soils but also lighter soils; in desiccated pools & ditches; often gregarious; in everwet & seasonal regions; from 0-800m alt; flowers profusely in Java from Aug-Dec; flowers ","Africa or Asia, southern Eur, N & tropical Afr, S & SE Asia (from Malesia to Aust), Amer; in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands & Sulawesi, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Glinus,oppositifolius,"syn Mollugo oppositifolia, Mollugo spergula","in cultivated areas, often in regions with a pronounced dry season, on periodically soggy & subsequently desiccating lighter soils, but also on heavy soils, desiccated pools & ditches; up to 100(-400)m alt; Less common than Glinus lotoides; upland rice fi","Asia or Afr, tropical Afr & Asia, Malesia to Aust; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Mollugo,nudicaulis, Weed Science List
  • Mollugo,nudicaulis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mollugo,pentaphylla,syn ,"in cultivated areas, in regions with or without a pronounced dry season, in sunny or somewhat shaded, often sandy or stony sites; in fields, gardens, premises, railroads banks, teak forests; up to 1200m alt; locally often abundant, especially in the wet s","SE Asia, tropics & subtropics of the Old World, Malesia, rare in Aust, also in New Britian, Micronesia, New Caledonia, & Afr; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Moraceae
  • Broussonetia,papyrifera, paper mulberry,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Broussonetia,papyrifera, paper mulberry,"tropical America, natural forest, roadsides",French Polynesia; American Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Broussonetia,papyrifera, papermulberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Broussonetia,papyrifera,paper mulberry,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Broussonetia,papyrifera,paper mulberry,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Castilla,elastica,"Panama rubber tree, castilla rubber tree",S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Fatoua,villosa,hairy crabweed,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Ficus,altissima,false banyan,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Ficus,benghalensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ficus,benjamina,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ficus,benjamina,weeping fig,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Ficus,carica,common fig,XH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ficus,carica, edible fig,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Ficus,carica, Weed Science List
  • Ficus,carica, Edible Fig ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Ficus,elastica, Rubber Tree ,TREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Ficus,microcarpa,laurel fig,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Ficus,pumila,"climbingfig, creeping rubber plant",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ficus,pumila, Weed Science List
  • Ficus,religiosa,bo tree,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Ficus,spp., ornamental figs,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Maclura,baccata, osage orange,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Maclura,pomifera,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Maclura,pomifera, Weed Science List
  • Maclura,pomifera, osageorange,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Morus,alba,white mulberry,XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Morus,alba, Mulberry ,TREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Morus,alba, Mulberry ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Morus,alba, white mulberry,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Morus,alba, white mulberry,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: savanna, grassland, roadsides, riverbanks, urban open spaceCultivated for: edible fruit",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Morus,alba, white mulberry,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: savanna, grassland, roadsides, riverbanks, urban open spaceCultivated for: edible fruit",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Morus,alba, Weed Science List
  • Morus,alba, white mulberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Morus,nigra, black mulberry,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Morus,nigra, black mulberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Morus,rubra, red mulberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Moringaceae
  • Moringa,oleifera, horseradish tree,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Moringa,pterygosperma,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Moringa,pterygosperma, Weed Science List
  • Musaceae
  • Heliconia,psittacorum, Weed Science List
  • Heliconia,psittacorum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Musa,acuminata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Musa,acuminata X M. balbisiana,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myoporaceae
  • Myoporum,laetum, Myoporum ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Myoporum,laetum, "myoporum, ngaio tree",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Myoporum,tenuifolium, ssp. montanum,Chinnock,"Woody SpeciesInvades: coastal fynbos, riverbanks, valleys, coastal dunesCultivated for: ornament, shade, shelter",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Myoporum,tenuifolium, ssp. montanum,Chinnock,"Woody SpeciesInvades: coastal fynbos, riverbanks, valleys, coastal dunesCultivated for: ornament, shade, shelter",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Myricaceae
  • Comptonia,peregrina, sweetfern,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Myrica,californica, Pacific waxmyrtle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Myrica,cerifera, southern waxmyrtle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Myrica,faya,Morella faya,fayatree,E,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myrica,faya, "fire tree, faya tree",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Myrica,faya, Weed Science List
  • Myrica,faya, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Myrica,pensylvanica, northern bayberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Myrsinaceae
  • Ardisia,crenata,coral berry,XS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ardisia,crenata, Region of origin - Japan to N India; Extent of spread - localised - 3 plants; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Ardisia,crenata, Coral Berry ,SHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Ardisia,crenata, "coral ardisia, hen's eyes",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Ardisia,crenata, Coral Berry ,Trees/Shrubs.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Ardisia,crenata,coral ardisia,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Ardisia,crispa,coral ardisia,S,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ardisia,crispa, Weed Science List
  • Ardisia,elliptica, shoebutton ardisia,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Ardisia,elliptica,shoe button ardisia,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Ardisia,solanacea,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ardisia,solanacea, shoebutton ardisia,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Ardisia,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Myrtaceae
  • Agonis,flexuosa,WA Willow-myrtle,XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Agonis,flexuosa, WA Willow-myrtle,"Dispersal: ?Water,?Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4","Introduced deliberately from: WA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Angophora,costata,Smooth Angophora,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Angophora,costata, apple jack,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4","Introduced deliberately from: NSW,Ald and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Baeckea,virgata,tall baeckea,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Baeckea,virgata, Tall Baeckea,Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,"Introduced deliberately from: Vic, NSW, Qld, NT and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Callistemon,rigidus,stiff-leaved bottlebrush,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Callistemon,rigidus, Bottlebrush,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,5,8,9","Introduced deliberately from: NSW,Qld and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Callistemon,rugulosus,Bottlebrush,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Callistemon,rugulosus, Bottlebrush,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 9","Introduced deliberately from: Vic,SA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Calothamnus,quadrifidus,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Calothamnus,validus,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chamelaucium,uncinatum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,botryoides,southern mahogany,HX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,botryoides, Southern Mahogany,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: Vic, NSW and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Eucalyptus,calophylla,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,camaldulensis,red river gum,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,camaldulensis, longbeak eucalyptus,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Eucalyptus,camaldulensis, red river gum,"Woody SpeciesInvades: perennial, seasonal an dintermittent watercoursesCultivated for: shelter, timber, firewood, ornament; provides honey",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Eucalyptus,camaldulensis, red river gum,"Woody SpeciesInvades: perennial, seasonal an dintermittent watercoursesCultivated for: shelter, timber, firewood, ornament; provides honey",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Eucalyptus,citriodora,lemon gum,XH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,cladocalyx,sugar gum,HXH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,cladocalyx, Sugar Gum,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,8,12","Introduced deliberately from: SA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Eucalyptus,cladocalyx, sugar gum,"Woody SpeciesInvades: fynbos, forest gaps, plantations, watercoursesCultivated for: shelter, timber, firewood, ornament; provides honey, indispensable for the bee-keeping industry",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Eucalyptus,cladocalyx, sugar gum,"Woody SpeciesInvades: fynbos, forest gaps, plantations, watercoursesCultivated for: shelter, timber, firewood, ornament; provides honey, indispensable for the bee-keeping industry",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Eucalyptus,conferruminata,Bald Island Marlock,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,conferruminata, Bald Island Marlock,Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,"Introduced deliberately from: WA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Eucalyptus,diversicolor, karri,"Woody SpeciesInvades: fynbos, forest gaps, roadsides, watercoursesCultivated for: timber, shelter, ornament; provides honey",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Eucalyptus,diversicolor, karri,"Woody SpeciesInvades: fynbos, forest gaps, roadsides, watercoursesCultivated for: timber, shelter, ornament; provides honey",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Eucalyptus,globulus,"blue gum, Tasmanium blue gum",XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,globulus, Tasmanian Blue Gum ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Eucalyptus,globulus, Tasmania blue gum eucalyptus,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Eucalyptus,gomphocephala,tuart,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,gomphocephala, Tuart,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Introduced deliberately from: WA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Eucalyptus,grandis, saligna gum,"Subject of herbicide registration.Woody SpeciesInvades: forest gaps, plantations, watercoursesCultivated for: timber, shelter, shade, firewood; provides honey",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Eucalyptus,grandis, saligna gum,"Subject of herbicide registration.Woody SpeciesInvades: forest gaps, plantations, watercoursesCultivated for: timber, shelter, shade, firewood; provides honey",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Eucalyptus,lehmannii,bushy yate,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,lehmannii, Bushy Yate,"Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4","Introduced deliberately from: WA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Eucalyptus,lehmannii, spider gum,"Woody SpeciesInvades: coastal fynbos, coastal dunesCultivated for: timber, shelter, sandbinding; provides honey",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Eucalyptus,lehmannii, spider gum,"Woody SpeciesInvades: coastal fynbos, coastal dunesCultivated for: timber, shelter, sandbinding; provides honey",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Eucalyptus,leucoxylon,yellow gum,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,leucoxylon, Yellow Gum,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4","Introduced deliberately from: Vic,NSW,SA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Eucalyptus,maculata,spotted gum,HH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,maculata, Spotted Gum,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5","Introduced deliberately from: Vic,NSW,Qld and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Eucalyptus,muelleriana,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,polyanthemos,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,polyanthemos, redbox gum,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Eucalyptus,saligna,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eucalyptus,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Eucalyptus,tereticornis, horncap eucalyptus,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Eugenia,jambolana, Java plum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eugenia,jambos, roseapple,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eugenia,myrtoides, boxleaf eugenia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eugenia,uniflora,"red Brazil cherry, Suriname cherry",S,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Eugenia,uniflora, suriname cherry,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Eugenia,uniflora, Brazilian Cherry ,Trees/Shrubs.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Eugenia,uniflora, Weed Science List
  • Eugenia,uniflora,Surinam cherry,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Leptospermum,laevigatum,"coastal tea-tree, Victorian tea-tree",HH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leptospermum,laevigatum, Coast Tea-tree,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub/Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: Vic,NSW,Tas and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Leptospermum,laevigatum, Australian myrtle,"Declared Invader; Proposed Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigation.Woody SpeciesInvades: forest clearings, mountain and lowland fynbos, on sandy soilsCultivated for: shelter, hedging, ornament",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Leptospermum,laevigatum, Australian myrtle,"Declared Invader; Proposed Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigation.Woody SpeciesInvades: forest clearings, mountain and lowland fynbos, on sandy soilsCultivated for: shelter, hedging, ornament",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Leptospermum,petersonii,lemon-scented tea-tree,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leptospermum,petersonii, Lemon-scented Tea-tree,Dispersal: ?Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub/Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,"Introduced deliberately from: NSW,Qld and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lophostemon,confertus,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lophostemon,confertus, vinegartree,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Melaleuca,armillaris,Giant Honey-Myrtle,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melaleuca,armillaris, Giant Honey-Myrtle,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub/Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: Vic,NSW,Qld,Tas and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Melaleuca,decussata,totem-poles,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melaleuca,decussata, Totem-poles,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: Vic,SA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Melaleuca,diosmifolia,green honey-myrtle,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melaleuca,diosmifolia, Green Honey-Myrtle,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,5","Introduced deliberately from: WA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Melaleuca,hypericifolia,red honey-myrtle,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melaleuca,hypericifolia, Red Honey-Myrtle,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: NSW and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Melaleuca,lanceolata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melaleuca,nesophila,mauve honey-myrtle,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melaleuca,nesophila, Mauve Honey-Myrtle,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4","Introduced deliberately from: WA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Melaleuca,parvistaminea,Rough Paperbark,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melaleuca,parvistaminea, Rough Paperbark,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4","Introduced deliberately from: Vic,NSW and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Melaleuca,pentagona,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melaleuca,quinquenervia, broad-leaved paperbark,", ",French Polynesia; New Caledonia ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Melaleuca,quinquenervia, "melaleuca, paperbark tree",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Melaleuca,quinquenervia*,"melaleuca, broad-leaf paper bark","Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.*P =Prohibited by Flo",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Melaleuca,quinqueneveria, "Paperbark, Punk Tree ","California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Melaleuca,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Metrosideros,excelsa, New Zealand bottlebrush,"Woody SpeciesInvades: coastal fynbos on moist, peaty soilsCultivated for: ornament, shade, shelter",Origin: New Zealand,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Metrosideros,excelsa, New Zealand bottlebrush,"Woody SpeciesInvades: coastal fynbos on moist, peaty soilsCultivated for: ornament, shade, shelter",Origin: New Zealand,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Myrtus,communis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Psidium,catleianum, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Psidium,catteianum, Red Cherry Guava ,SHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Psidium,cattelianum, Weed Science List
  • Psidium,cattleianum, strawberry guava,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Psidium,cattleianum, strawberry guava,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Psidium,cattleianum,strawberry guava,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Psidium,cattleyanum,P. littorale,strawberry guava,XwX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Psidium,guajava, guava,", pasture, foresty, waste land",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Fed. States of Micronesia; Guam; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Psidium,guajava, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Psidium,guajava,"common guava, yellow guava",XXwX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Psidium,guajava, Guava ,SHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Psidium,guajava, common guava,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Psidium,guajava, guava,"Proposed Declared Invader. Subject of herbicide registration Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, subtropical savanna, roadsides, watercoursesCultivated for: edible fruit, shade",Origin: tropical Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Psidium,guajava, guava,"Proposed Declared Invader. Subject of herbicide registration Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, subtropical savanna, roadsides, watercoursesCultivated for: edible fruit, shade",Origin: tropical Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Psidium,guajava, Weed Science List
  • Psidium,guajava, guava,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Psidium,guajava,guava,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Psidium,guineense,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Psidium,guineense, Brazilian guava,"Woody SpeciesInvades: roadsides, wasteland, in vicinity of DurbanCultivated for: ornament",Origin: tropical Amer ,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Psidium,guineense, Brazilian guava,"Woody SpeciesInvades: roadsides, wasteland, in vicinity of DurbanCultivated for: ornament",Origin: tropical Amer ,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Psidium,guineense, Weed Science List
  • Psidium,littorale, var. longipes,"strawberry guava, cherry guava","Woody SpeciesInvades: subtropical savanna, forest marginsCultivated for: edible fruits, ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Psidium,littorale, var. longipes,"strawberry guava, cherry guava","Woody SpeciesInvades: subtropical savanna, forest marginsCultivated for: edible fruits, ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Psidium,x durbanensis, Durban guava,"Woody SpeciesInvades: roadsides, wasteland, in vicinity of DurbanCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Psidium,x durbanensis, Durban guava,"Woody SpeciesInvades: roadsides, wasteland, in vicinity of DurbanCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rhodomyrtus,tomentosa,"hill cherry, Ceylon hill cherry",NPQ,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rhodomyrtus,tomentosa, downy rose myrtle,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Rhodomyrtus,tomentosa, Weed Science List
  • Rhodomyrtus,tomentosa, downy rosemyrtle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhodomyrtus,tomentosa, Ceylon hill cherry,P,NAQS Target Weeds,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rhodomyrtus,tomentosa,downy rose-myrtle,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Syzygium,cumini,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Syzygium,cumini, Java plum,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Syzygium,cumini, jambolan,"Woody SpeciesInvades: coastal bushCultivated for: ornament, edible fruits ",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Syzygium,cumini, jambolan,"Woody SpeciesInvades: coastal bushCultivated for: ornament, edible fruits ",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Syzygium,cumini,"jambolan, Java plum","Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Syzygium,jambos,rose apples,E,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Syzygium,jambos, rose apple,"Woody SpeciesInvades: coastal bushCultivated for: ornament, edible fruits",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Syzygium,jambos, rose apple,"Woody SpeciesInvades: coastal bushCultivated for: ornament, edible fruits",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Syzygium,jambos,rose-apple,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Thryptomeme,calycina,Grampians thryptomeme,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Thryptomeme,calycina, Grampians Thryptomeme,Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,"Introduced deliberately from: Vic and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Verticordia,monodelpha,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Najadaceae
  • Najas,flexilis, slender naiad,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Najas,guadalupensis, Southern naiad,basal portions of 4-6inch apical cutting placed in plastic pots filled with sandy loam soil; pots placed in glass jars filled with tap water; jars held at 80F under 60-80ft-c of light for 10hrs; plants grew vigorously in 3wks,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Najas,guadalupensis, southern naiad,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Najas,guadelupensis, Weed Science List
  • Najas,guadelupensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Najas,malesiana,"syn Najas falciculata, Najas graminea","in streams forests & pools, often in (swamp) forests, in ditches, fish ponds; at low & medium altitudes, once found (Sumatra) at 1000m; flowering all year round; lowland irrigated & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, although it can be a nuisa","Asia, India, Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, Malesia, usually rare; in Indonesia so far known in: Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan & Sulawesi","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Najas,marina, Hollyleaf naiad,seeds stored 1mth in tap water in dark at 1-3C germ a few at a time over 6mth; seeds stored under same conditions for 7mths germ poorly & irregularly; dried seeds didn't germ; seeds may have been immature at testing,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Najas,marina, hollyleaf naiad,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Najas,minor, seeds stored 1mth in tap water in dark at 1-3C germ a few at a time over 6mth; seeds stored under same conditions for 7mths germ 1-2%; no germ of dry stored seed; seeds may have been immature at testing,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Najas,minor, Weed Science List
  • Najas,minor, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Najas,pectinata, Weed Science List
  • Najas,pectinata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Najas,spp., Naiad," Aquatic weed, submerged ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Najas ,flexilis, Slender naiad,seeds stored 1mth in tap water in dark at 1-3C germ a few at a time over 6mth; seeds stored under same conditions for 7mths germ 87% within 6days,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Najas ,graminea, "Najas graminea is a submerged herbaceous, monoecious aquatic plant. It causes problems in about 40 countries, as it chokes streams and canals, and expands into great tangled masses of plant material which hinders fishing, fish culture, the movement of ba",temperate and tropical regions,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Najas ,marina, "hollyleaf naiad, bushy pondweed, hollyleaf naiad, marine naiad, spiny naiad, water nymph","Najas marina is a submerged herbaceous, dioecious aquatic plant. It causes problems in about 40 countries, as it chokes streams and canals, and expands into great tangled masses of plant material which hinders fishing, fish culture, the movement of baots",temperate and tropical regions,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Nelumbonaceae
  • Nelumbo,lutea,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nelumbo,lutea, Weed Science List
  • Nelumbo,lutea, American lotus,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Nelumbo,lutea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nelumbo,nucifera, Lotus," Aquatic weed, emerged ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Nephrolepidaceae
  • Nephrolepis,cordifolia,"narrow swordfern, erect sword fern, ladder fern, tuberous sword fern",XX,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nephrolepis,cordifolia, Fishbone Fern ,Major WeedGROUNDCOVERS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Nephrolepis,cordifolia, tuber sword fern,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Nephrolepis,cordifolia, Fishbone Fern ,Major WeedGround Covers.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Nephrolepis,cordifolia,sword fern,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Nephrolepis,hirsutula, ", coconuts",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands ;Tokelau; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Nephrolepis,multiflora,Asian sword fern,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Nephrolepis,rivularis, Weed Science List
  • Nephrolepis,rivularis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nyctaginaceae
  • Allionia,incarnata, trailing four-o'clock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Boerhaavia,coccinea, red spiderling,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Boerhaavia,coulteri, Coulter spiderling,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Boerhaavia,erecta, erect spiderling,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Boerhaavia,repens, creeping spiderling,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Boerhavia,coccinea,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Boerhavia,diffusa, "tar vine, spreading hogweed, sow weed, creeping spiderling",Widely distributed weed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Boerhavia,erecta, Weed Science List
  • Boerhavia,erecta, Seed Impurities , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Boerhavia,erecta,syn ,"open, sunny places; in disturbed forests, foreshores, grasslands, pastures, roadsides, cultivated lands; from 0-2100m alt; upland rice fields, may become a serious weed in annual crops, the anthocarp is not sticky when dry, but becomes so when wet because","tropical & subtropical Amer, pantropical, not in Aust; throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan & the Lesser Sunda Islands, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Boerhavia,erecta, "erect spiderling, spindlepod",Widely distributed weed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Boerhavia,erecta, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Boerhavia,schomburgkiana,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bougainvillea,glabra,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mirabilis,hirsuta, hairy four-o'clock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Mirabilis,jalapa,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mirabilis,jalapa, Weed Science List
  • Mirabilis,jalapa, prairie four-o'clock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Mirabilis,linearis, narrowleaf four-o'clock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Mirabilis,nyctaginea, Four o'clock ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Mirabilis,nyctaginea, wild four-o'clock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Nymphaeaceae
  • Brasenia,schreberi, watershield,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hydrostemma,kunstleri, syn. Barclaya,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hydrostemma,motleyi, syn. Barclaya,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nuphar,advena, spatterdock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Nuphar,lutea, "vegetative reproduction by rhizome buds;20% germ of seed collected in autumn & sown on a layer of sand in glass jars containing 3-4inches of water, kept in unheated greenhouse, germ at irregular intervals up to mid winter",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Nuphar,pumila, "vegetative reproduciton by rhizome buds; seeds are set annually, but conditions for germ are unknown",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Nuphar,spp.,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nuphar,spp., P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nuphar,variegatum, Nymphozanthus variegatus,43% germ of seed stored in tap water in dark at 1-3C for 7mths; seeds dry stored or in water at room temp failed to germ even after chilling or puncturing seed coats,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Nymphaea,alba,"water lily, white water lily",H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nymphaea,alba, Water Lily,Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 10,"Introduced deliberately from: Eur (garden origin) and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Nymphaea,alba, "vegetative reproduction by rhizome buds; 80% germ of seed kept in 7.5-10cm of water in unheated greenhouse during winter then sown in shallow pans of sand in 10-30cm of water, both in light & in dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Nymphaea,alba, Weed Science List
  • Nymphaea,amazonum, Weed Science List
  • Nymphaea,amazonum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nymphaea,caerulea,N. capensis,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nymphaea,capensis, Weed Science List
  • Nymphaea,coerulea, sky blue water lily,Weed Science List
  • Nymphaea,coerulea,"syn N. stellata, N. zenkeri (subspp. of N. coerulea)",sky blue water lily,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nymphaea,gigantea,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nymphaea,mexicana,"yellow water lily, banana waterlily",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nymphaea,mexicana, Banana Waterlily ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Nymphaea,mexicana, Weed Science List
  • Nymphaea,mexicana, banana waterlily,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Nymphaea,odorata,"waterlily, fragrant waterlily, American white waterlily",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nymphaea,odorata, Weed Science List
  • Nymphaea,odorata, fragrant waterlily,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Nymphaea,stellata, "This spp. is considered naturalised in the Eastern states, (SWL Jacobs, Telopea (5) 703-703, 1994)and is considered a synonym of N. nouchali",Weed Science List
  • Nymphaea,stellata,= N. nouchali,P, Exceptions Noted in Comments on Taxa section,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nymphaea,tuberosa, White waterlily,"good germ after 2-7mths of storage in tap water in dark at 1-3C, then germ in jars of tap water in diffuse light on greenhouse bench",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Nymphaea,tuberosa, white waterlily,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Nymphaea,zenkeri,= sub spp. of N. coerulea,sky blue water lily,P,Nymphaea lotus (zenkeri) - or the Tiger Lotus - is recognised to be among the most graceful aquarium plants. It is a quite variable species and the leaf colour may vary from bright green over red-brown to red-violet. It is without comparison the most ,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ochnaceae
  • Ochna,natalitia, Weed Science List
  • Ochna,natalitia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ochna,pulchra, Weed Science List
  • Ochna,pulchra, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ochna,serrulata,"ochna, mickey mouse plant",HXSX,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ochna,serrulata, Ochna ,Major WeedSHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Ochna,serrulata, Ochna ,Major WeedTrees/Shrubs.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Ochna,serrulata, Weed Science List
  • Oleaceae
  • Forestiera,acuminata, swamp privet,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Forestiera,neomexicana, New Mexico forestiera,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Forestiera,pubescens, elbowbush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fraxinus,americana, white ash,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fraxinus,angustifolia,desert ash,XA,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Fraxinus,caroliniana, Carolina ash,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fraxinus,latifolia, Oregon ash,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fraxinus,nigra, black ash,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fraxinus,ornus,flowering ash,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Fraxinus,ornus, "Region of origin - Medit, S Eur, Turkey; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Fraxinus,ornus, Flowering Ash,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8","Introduced deliberately from: Med,SC Eur,Turkey and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Fraxinus,pennsylvanica, green ash,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fraxinus,quadrangulata, blue ash,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fraxinus,rotundifolia,Desert Ash,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Fraxinus,rotundifolia, Desert Ash,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8","Med,SW As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Fraxinus,tomentosa, pumpkin ash,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fraxinus,uhdei, shamel ash,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Fraxinus,velutina, velvet ash,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Jasminum,dichotomum,Gold Coast jasmine,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Jasminum,fluminese,jasmine,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Jasminum,mesneyi,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Jasminum,polyanthum,winter jasmine,S,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Jasminum,sambac,Arabian jasmine,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Jasminum,sp., Jasmine ,VINES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Jasminum,spp., "Gold Coast jasmine, azores jasmine",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Ligustrum,japonicum, Japanese wax-leaved privet,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Ligustrum,japonicum, Japanese wax-leaved privet,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Ligustrum,japonicum,Japanese privet,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Ligustrum,lucidum,large-leaf privet,XXXwH,NLP,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ligustrum,lucidum, Glossy Privet ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Ligustrum,lucidum, Large-leaf Privet,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub/Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,6,8","Introduced deliberately from: E As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ligustrum,lucidum, Large-leaved Privet ,Major WeedTREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Ligustrum,lucidum, Large-leaved Privet , Major Threat Trees/Shrubs.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Ligustrum,lucidum, broad-leaved privet,Weed Science List
  • Ligustrum,lucidum, broad-leaved privet,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ligustrum,lucidum,glossy privet,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Ligustrum,ludicum, Chinese wax-leaved privet,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, wasteland, riverbanks, wetlands, coastal dunesCultivated for: ornament",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Ligustrum,ludicum, Chinese wax-leaved privet,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, wasteland, riverbanks, wetlands, coastal dunesCultivated for: ornament",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Ligustrum,ovalifolium, Californian pivet,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Ligustrum,ovalifolium, Californian pivet,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Ligustrum,sinense,Chinese privet,XHXwH,NLP,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ligustrum,sinense, Chinese Privet,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8","Introduced deliberately from: E As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ligustrum,sinense, Small-leaved Privet ,Major WeedTREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Ligustrum,sinense, Chinese pivet,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Ligustrum,sinense, Chinese pivet,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Ligustrum,sinense, Small-leaved Privet ,Major WeedTrees/Shrubs.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Ligustrum,sinense, small-leaved privet,Weed Science List
  • Ligustrum,sinense, small-leaved privet,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ligustrum,sinense,"Chinese privet, hedge privet","Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Ligustrum,sinense,privet,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Ligustrum,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Ligustrum,spp.,privets,XXXXwX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ligustrum,spp., privets,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Ligustrum,vulgare,European privet,HXw,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ligustrum,vulgare, European Privet,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8,12","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,N Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ligustrum,vulgare, common pivet,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Medit,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Ligustrum,vulgare, common pivet,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Medit,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Ligustrum,vulgare, privet,Weed Science List
  • Ligustrum,vulgare,common privet,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Olea,europaea,European olive,XHXXHSX,NL,SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Olea,europaea,Olea africana,African olive,HHS,NL,SA; NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Olea,europaea,European olive,HHXXHSX,NL,SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Olea,europaea, Olive,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,8,12","Introduced deliberately from: Med and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Olea,europaea, olive,"the olive apart from its valuable oil production can become a major invading sp. of parklands; many seedlings appear under old established trees & develop rapidly where grazing is limited or absent, as a result the olive is spreading rapidly in parkland a","endemic throughout the Medit region but, as it has been cultivated in the whole of that area for some thousands of years, it cannot be categorically stated that it is indigenous to the region; it is now grown in most warm-termperate regions of the world","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Olea,europaea, olive,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Olea,europaea, ssp. africana,African Olive ,Trees/Shrubs.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Olea,europaea, olive,Weed Science List
  • Olea,europaea (excluding cultivated trees), Olive * ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea", Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies),"South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Olea,europea, ssp. africanus Common Olive,TREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Phillyrea,latifolia,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Syringa,vulgaris,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Syringa,vulgaris, common lilac,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Onagraceae
  • Circaea,alpina, "prechilling required; seeds kept outdoors for 83 days, germ 47% in greenhouse over 28-98 days; seeds planted directly in greenhouse didn't germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Epilobium,adenocaulon, American willowherb,paraquat 1982 Belgium Pear , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Epilobium,adenocaulon, American willowherb,paraquat 1989 United Kingdom Hops , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Epilobium,adenocaulon, American willowherb,atrazine 1995 Poland Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Epilobium,adenocaulon, American willowherb,"simazine 1980 Belgium Nurseries, Orchards, ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Epilobium,adenocaulon, American willowherb,simazine 1981 United Kingdom Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Epilobium,adnatum, ,triazines 1981 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Epilobium,angustifolium, Fireweed,seeds planted in greenhouse in late autumn of year collected germ within 13days readily,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Epilobium,angustifolium, Rose Bay Willow Herb,"Chamaenerion angustifolium, E. spicatum",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Epilobium,angustifolium,Onagraceae ,Rose Bay Willow Herb,"Chamaenerion angustifolium, E. spicatum",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Epilobium,angustifolium, fireweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Epilobium,ciliatum,Glandular Willow-herb,XAX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Epilobium,ciliatum, Glandular Willow-herb,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 7,8,9,14,15","N Am, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Epilobium,ciliatum, Weed Science List
  • Epilobium,collinum, Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Epilobium,collinum,Onagraceae ,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Epilobium,halleanum, "scarification by shaving off one edge of seed, or excising embryos permitted germ at 18C in dark on moist filter paper",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Epilobium,hirsutum,"willow-herb, codlins and cream",X,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Epilobium,hirsutum, "Region of origin - Eurasia, N Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental ?",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Epilobium,hirsutum, Willow-herb,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,","Eur, tem As, N&S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Epilobium,hirsutum,syn ,Large-flowered willow-herb,"canal banks, ditches, moist waste ground","Medit, Eur, Asia, Afr; introduced & naturalised in many other parts of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Epilobium,hirsutum, hairy willowweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Epilobium,hirsutum, L. ,codlins and cream,P," Native of Eurasia, N Afr. First recorded as naturalised in Vic in 1990 (G. Carr pers.comm.). Not listed in Hnatiuk (1990). Introduced as an ornamental. Notes: Naturalised in Vic on the edge of the Barwon River at Chilwell and at Point Henry near Geelong",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Epilobium,montanum, seed begins to germ almost immediately after harvest; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 97% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Epilobium,nerterioides, "100% germ of fresh seed after10-14days on moist filter paper in petri dishes; 100% from seeds stored for 6mths, no germ after 17mths storage",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Epilobium,obscurum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Epilobium,palustre, seed begins to germ almost immediately after harvest; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 97% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Epilobium,paniculatum, panicle willowweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Epilobium,pubescens, seed begins to germ almost immediately after harvest; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 99% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Epilobium,rotundifolium,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Epilobium,tetragonum,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Epilobium,tetragonum, Square Stalked Willow Herb,E. adnatum,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Epilobium,tetragonum, ,atrazine 1988 Germany Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Epilobium,tetragonum, Weed Science List
  • Fuchsia,magellanica,"fuchsia, hardy fuschia",XXXXw,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Fuchsia,magellanica, Fuchsia,"Dispersal: ?Bird, internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8","Introduced deliberately from: temp S Am and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Fuchsia,magellanica, Weed Science List
  • Gaura,biennis, biennial gaura,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Gaura,coccinea, Scarlet Gaura ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Gaura,coccinea, scarlet gaura,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Gaura,drummondii, Scented Gaura ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Gaura,lindheimeri,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gaura,odorata, scented gaura,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Gaura,parviflora,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gaura,parviflora, smallflower gaura,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Gaura,sinuata, Wavyleaf Gaura ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Gaura,sinuata, wavyleaf gaura,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Gaura,spp.,Clockweeds,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gaura,spp., Clockweeds,Weed Science List
  • Gaura,spp., Clockweeds,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Gaura,villosa, hairy gaura,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Guara,lindheimeri, Weed Science List
  • Guara,parviflora, Weed Science List
  • Jussiaea,californica, California waterprimrose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Jussiaea,decurrens, winged waterprimrose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lopezia,mexicana, Weed Science List
  • Lopezia,mexicana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ludwigia,adscendens,syn Jussiaea adscendens; Jussiaea fluviatilis,water primrose,"in rather dry to very dry climates; in pools ditches; flowering all year round; from 0-1600m alt; lowland-irrigated, rainfed & lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance; it can obstruct the free surface of waters, dangerous to cattle; inducing gastroe","tropical Asia, tropical continental SE Asia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ludwigia,adscendens, "water primrose, creeping waterprimrose, red ludwigia","Ludwigia adscendens is a weed on all continents, being found in 58 countries and quite generally distributed in fresh water over many of the world's waterways.","present on all continents, tending to shun the cooler parts of the North Temperate Zone, but, in the Southern Hemisphere, it is in many places in S Amer, Afr, and Aust.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Ludwigia,erecta, Weed Science List
  • Ludwigia,erecta, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ludwigia,hyssopifolia,"syn Ludwigia micrantha, Jussiaea linifolia","in everwet regions & in those with a pronounced dry season; in shallow freshwater ditches & pools, edges of water courses, excavated drains, mud, moist garden soils, on inundated soils (where they form pseudo-aerophores); in Java up to 1000m alt; lowland-","Amer, pantropical; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ludwigia,leptocarpa, Weed Science List
  • Ludwigia,leptocarpa, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ludwigia,leptocarpa,syn. Jussiaea,Weed Science List
  • Ludwigia,leptocarpa,syn. Jussiaea,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ludwigia,linifolia,syn. Jussiaea ,water primrose, Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Ludwigia,linifolia,syn. Jussiaea,81% germ of seeds on moist sand; seeds dry stored at room temp several mths before planting,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ludwigia,longifolia,longleaf primrosewillow,E,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ludwigia,longifolia, Weed Science List
  • Ludwigia,longifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ludwigia,lonifolia, Region of origin - S Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Ludwigia,michauxiana,syn. Jussiaea,perennial waterprimrose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ludwigia,octovalvis,"syn Ludwigia pubescens, Jussiaea angustifolia, Jussiaea blumeana, Jussiaea junghuhniana, Jussiaea suffruticosa","in everwet regions & in those with a pronounced dry season; on damp fields & grasslands, along water-courses; locally often abundant; in Java up to 1450m alt; flowers throughout the year; lowland-irrigated, rainfed & lebak rice fields, can become a nuisan","S Amer, pantropical; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ludwigia,octovalvis, "willow primrose, false primrose, yellow willow herb, primrose willow, water primrose","Ludwigia octovalvis is a weed on many Pacific islands, in south and central Asia, Aust, over much of Afr, and in the warm areas of the Americas. It frequents a very wide range of humid, wet places and is found in marshes, fresh water lakes and streams, di","present on all continents, tending to shun the cooler parts of the North Temperate Zone, but, in the Southern Hemisphere, it is in many places in S Amer, Afr, and Aust.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Ludwigia,octovalvis,syn. Jussiaea suffruticosa,primrose willow,", vegetables, taro, wetlands",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tonga Tuvalu; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Ludwigia,palustris,"marsh ludwigia, false loosestrife, water purslane",Xw,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ludwigia,palustris, Marsh Ludwigia,Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 10,"N&C Am,Euras,N Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ludwigia,palustris, Weed Science List
  • Ludwigia,palustris, waterpurslane,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ludwigia,parviflora, , Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Ludwigia,peploides,water primrose,X,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ludwigia,peploides, Weed Science List
  • Ludwigia,peploides,ssp. montevidensis,Water primrose,Weed Science List
  • Ludwigia,peploides ssp. montevidensis, Water primrose,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ludwigia,perennis,"syn Ludwigia gracilis, Ludwigia leucorrhiza, Ludwigia lythroides, Ludwigia parviflora","especially in the hot lowlands on moist sunny sites, along ditches; up to 550m alt; flowers throughout the year; lowland-irrigated an rainfed rice fields, a seed of minor importance , very variable","unknown, Indonesia as far as known, in Sumatra, Java & Sulawesi","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ludwigia,peruviana,"Jussiaea peruviana, J. grandiflora","ludwigia, Peruvian primrose bush, water primrose",Xw,LP,Qld; NSW; SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ludwigia,peruviana, Region of origin - N & S Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Ludwigia,peruviana,Jussiaea peruviana,"ludwigia, Peruvian primrose bush, water primrose","Ludwigia often fills slowly flowing watercourses, dominating all other water plants; this reduces the rate of flow considerably & limits the use of streams for recreational & navigational purposes as well as for stock watering; unless checked ludwigia has","native of S Amer has been used with other species of the genus as a wetland ornamental in several areasintrod to Aust as a garden ornamental in ponds; it is now well established in a creek near Botany, NSW, & has spread to streams north & south of Sydney","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Ludwigia,peruviana, ludwigia,Weed Science List
  • Ludwigia,peruviana,"syn. Jussiaea hirta, Jussiaea peruviana, Jussiaea speciosa","along rivers & watercourses, on soggy sites; sometimes abundant; conspicuous by its large yellow flowers; 0-1400m alt; lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Amer, pantropical; introd into Java a long time ago & has now spread throughout Java & Sumatra","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ludwigia,peruviana, ludwigia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ludwigia,prostrata, Weed Science List
  • Ludwigia,prostrata, annual dominance , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Ludwigia,prostrata, perennial sub-dominance ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Ludwigia,prostrata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ludwigia,repens,syn. Jussiaea ,creeping water primrose, Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Ludwigia,repens,syn. Jussiaea,Creeping waterprimrose,"canals, canal banks, moist ground near water bodies, ditches, swamps, ponds","Afr, E Medit, India, SE USA, C Amer, Aust","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Ludwigia,repens var. glabrescens,syn. Jussiaea,creeping waterprimrose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ludwigia,stenorraphe, Weed Science List
  • Ludwigia,stenorraphe, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ludwigia,uruguayensis, Weed Science List
  • Ludwigia,uruguayensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ludwigia,uruguayensis,hairy water-primrose,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Oenothera,acaulis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,acaulis, Weed Science List
  • Oenothera,affinis,Long-flower Evening Primrose,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,affinis, Long-flower Evening Primrose,Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,"Introduced deliberately from: temp S Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Oenothera,affinis, Weed Science List
  • Oenothera,albicaulis, prairie eveningprimrose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oenothera,biennis, Common evening primrose,species very unpredictable & germs irradically refer to references; 72% germ of seed at 20-25C in dark in 11days & 60% in 15days; ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Oenothera,biennis, var. hirsutissima Oenothera strigosa,1000 seeds planted in field in late autumn of year collected; 60 seedlings emerged following spring; a few seedlings emerged of original seeding each year during 5year study,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Oenothera,biennis, Evening Primrose,Onagra biennis,"All Europe, orig N Amer",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Oenothera,biennis, common eveningprimrose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oenothera,curvifolia, germ study presented in German,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Oenothera,drummondii,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,drummondii, Weed Science List
  • Oenothera,glazioviana,Evening Primrose,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,glazioviana, Evening Primrose,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,8","Introduced deliberately from: garden origin and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Oenothera,glazioviana, Weed Science List
  • Oenothera,grandiflora, Oenothera lamarkiana,"seeds irradiated for 6hrs at 2000 lux from standard fluorescent lamps germ well; 2 days optimum length of dark imbibition before light exposure at 35C, 3days at 30C or 3.5days at 23C; 23C best for germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Oenothera,indecora,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,indecora,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,indecora, Weed Science List
  • Oenothera,laciniata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,laciniata, Weed Science List
  • Oenothera,laciniata, cutleaf eveningprimrose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oenothera,linifolia, flaxleaf eveningprimrose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oenothera,longiflora,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,longiflora, Weed Science List
  • Oenothera,mollissima,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,mollissima, Weed Science List
    Oenothera,pallida, pale eveningprimrose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oenothera,parviflora, , Hokkaido ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Oenothera,parvifolius, Weed in poor site ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Oenothera,perennis, perennial sundrops,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oenothera,rosea,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,rosea, Weed Science List
  • Oenothera,speciosa,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,speciosa, Weed Science List
  • Oenothera,speciosa, white eveningprimrose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oenothera,stricta,Common Evening Primrose,HXwX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,stricta, Common Evening Primrose,"Dispersal: ?W,Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4","Introduced deliberately from: Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Oenothera,stricta, Weed Science List
  • Oenothera,strigosa, 1000 seeds planted in field in late autumn of year collected; 60 seedlings emerged following spring; a few seedlings emerged of original seeding each year during 5year study,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Oenothera,tetraptera,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,tetraptera, Weed Science List
  • Oenothera,triloba,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oenothera,triloba, Weed Science List
  • Oenothera,var. canescens, western yellow eveningprimrose,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Orchidaceae
  • Epidendrum,sp.,X obrienianum,Weed Science List
  • Epidendrum,x obrienianum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Monadenia,bracteata,XHS,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Monadenia,bracteata, Weed Science List
  • Oeceoclades,maculata,ground orchid,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Spiranthes,sinensis, Weed in poor site ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Oxalidaceae
  • Oxalis,articulata,"wood-sorrel, jointed woodsorrel, shamrock oxalis",XX,GL,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,articulata, Wood-sorrel,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Rhizomatous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5","Introduced deliberately from: S Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Oxalis,articulata, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,barrelieri,syn Oxalis sepium var. picta,"aound gardens, along roads, in hedges, fields, village groves, along rivers, grassy shaded places; from 0-1500m alt; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, heterostyly is present , but apparently non-functional; the sour leaves are used for flavo","tropical S Amer, cultivated & naturalized in many tropical countries; in Indonesia: found near Bogor (W.Java) in 1888, occurs nowadays in Sumatra, Java & Irian Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Oxalis,bifurca,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,bifurca, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,bowiei,David Bowie Wood-sorrel,XX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,bowiei, David Bowie Wood-sorrel,Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: ?,"Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: ?Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Oxalis,bowiei, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,brasiliensis,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,brasiliensis, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,caprina,oxalis,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,caprina, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,compressa,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,compressa, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,corniculata, yellow wood sorrel,", vegetables, lawns",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Oxalis,corniculata,"yellow wood sorrel, creeping oxalis",XXXX,GL,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,corniculata, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Oxalis,corniculata, Creeping woodsorrel,seeds germ well at constant temps of 21C or lower,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Oxalis,corniculata, Procumbent Yellow Sorrel,O. repens,"All Europe, less in Northern half",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Oxalis,corniculata,syn ,Yellow sorrel,"orchards, gardens, lawns, canal banks, moist and shaded ground",widespread in many warm regions of the world,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Oxalis,corniculata, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,corniculata, perennial sub-dominance Weeds of sown grassland ,Shimane Shizuoka Upland Korea Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Oxalis,corniculata,"syn Oxalis javanica, Oxalis repens, Xanthoxalis corniculata","in all kinds of disturbed soils, in sunny or lightly shaded, not too dry, but not soggy sites in fields & gardens, hedges, base of walls, roadsides; from 0-3000m alt; in the tropics it flowers all the year round; in the evening the leaflets fold up; produ","unknown, cosmopolitan in the tropics & subtropics; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Oxalis,corniculata, creeping woodsorrel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oxalis,corymbosa, O. martiana,"W Medit regions, S American native, widespread in tropical regions",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Oxalis,corymbosa, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,debilis,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,depressa,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,europaea, Upright Yellow Sorrel,"O. corniculata sensu, O. stricta, O. fontana","All Europe, scattered",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Oxalis,europaea, Upright Yellow Sorrel,"O. corniculata sensu, O. stricta, O. fontana","All Europe, scattered",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Oxalis,europaea, European woodsorrel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oxalis,flava,yellow oxalis,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,flava, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,florida, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Oxalis,florida, yellow woodsorrel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oxalis,glabra,finger-leaf oxalis,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,glabra, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,hirta,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,hirta, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,incarnata,pale wood-sorrel,HXX,GL,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,incarnata, Pale Wood-sorrel,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,6,8","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Oxalis,incarnata, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,lactea, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,latifolia,O. violacea,"oxalis, fishtail oxalis, pink shamrock, large-ear wood sorrel",H,LP,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,latifolia, Large-lear Wood Sorrel,Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,"Introduced deliberately from: S Am, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Oxalis,latifolia, bulbs used to reproduce,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Oxalis,latifolia, Scattered in Western Europe & UK,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Oxalis,latifolia, "oxalis, fishtail oxalis, pink shamrock","oxalis is mainly a weed of home gardens and lawns, this aggressive plant can also be a troublesome weed of crops; it has become a problem in peanuts & other crops in E Afr, seriously reduces growth rate of tea & apples in India, & affects sugarcane in Mau","is a showy native of Mexico which, like many other sp. of this genus when introd to other countries as an ornamental, has become a troublesome weed; it occurs in the UK & other parts of Eur, principally as a garden weed, but in Spain it is also a serious ","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Oxalis,latifolia, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,latifolia, "oxalis, fishtail oxalis",Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,latifolia, "purple-flowered oxalis, shamrock, red garden sorrel","Oxalis latifolia is a unique perennial weed, particularly because it is highly unusual to encounter dicotyledonous plants with bulbs. Its prolific production of bulb and bulbils makes it very difficult to control. It is common in gardens, orchards, planta","native to the Americas, it is now widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions around the world and also occurs in several European countries with temperate climates.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Oxalis,latifolia, "oxalis, fishtail oxalis",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Oxalis,martiana, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Oxalis,martiana, pink woodsorrel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oxalis,obtusa,suring,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,obtusa, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Oxalis,obtusa, Suring,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,12","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Oxalis,perdicaria,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,perdicaria, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,pes-caprae,Oxalis cernua,"soursob, Bermuda buttercup, buttercup oxalis, cape cowslip, oxalis, sorrel, sourgrass, yellow-flowered oxalis, yellow sorrel",HHX,GL,Vic; SA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,pes-caprae, Soursob,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,8,12","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Oxalis,pes-caprae, "Buttercup Oxalis, Soursob",O. cernua,"Scattered in SW Europe, Italy, Greece & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Oxalis,pes-caprae, Oxalis cernua,"soursob, Bermuda buttercup, buttercup oxalis, cape cowslip, oxalis, sorrel, sourgrass, yellow-flowered oxalis, yellow sorrel","infestations of 3000 plants per sq metre are not uncommon, at such densities it is strongly competitive with cereal crops & has been measured in WA to reduce the yield of wheat by 75% & oats by 87%; although primarily a weed affecting cultivated areas, it","originated in southern Afr & with several other sp. of Oxalis, was taken to Eur in the 18thC for promotion as an ornamental plant; it soon became established as a weed in S Eur, & is now troublesome in orchards, orange groves, vineyards & cereal crops, pa","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Oxalis,pes-caprae, Soursob * ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies)","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Oxalis,pes-caprae, soursob, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,pes-caprae, Bermuda buttercup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oxalis,polyphylla,oxalis,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,polyphylla, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,purpurea,large-flower wood-sorrel,HXXX,NL,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,purpurea, Large-flower Wood-sorrel,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Oxalis,rubra, rose woodsorrel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oxalis,semiloba, All Oxalis spp. banned under Schedule 5 Plant Diseases Act,Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,semiloba, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Oxalis,spp., P,Species in this Genus are significant weeds both environmental and Agricultural.,Note import conditions exceptions,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Oxalis,spp. ,oxalis,XXXXX,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Oxalis,stricta, Common yellow woodsorrel,seeds germ in 1st spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 94% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Oxalis,stricta, "O. dillenii, O. navieri",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Oxalis,stricta, All Oxalis spp. banned under Schedule 5 Plant Diseases Act,Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,stricta, common yellow woodsorrel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oxalis,stricta, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Oxalis,tetraphylla, Weed Science List
  • Oxalis,violacea, Weed Science List
  • Papaveraceae
  • Argemone,glauca, smooth pricklepoppy,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Argemone,intermedia, bluestem pricklepoppy,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Argemone,mexicana, "tropical Africa, ",New Caledonia; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Argemone,mexicana, "it was accidentally introd to Aust, possibly as an impurity in wheat seed in NSW, it now occurs on all mainland States; it is widespread both in Qld & NSW, mainly as a weed of cereals & sugarcane, but is most prevalent in the pastoral & cereal growing are","native of Mexico is nat. in most warm countries of the world, occurring as a serious weed of various crops in Arg, Aust, India, Madagascar, Mauritius, Morocco, Nicaragua, Pakistan, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, S Afr & Tanzania; it is prevalent in subhumi","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Argemone,mexicana,syn ,"Mexican poppy, Prickly poppy","Nile and canal banks, especially in Upper Egypt","C. Amer, SW USA,; introduced & naturalised in most trop. & subtrop. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Argemone,mexicana, Mexican poppy, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Argemone,mexicana, Mexican pricklepoppy,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Argemone,mexicana, Mexican poppy,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Argemone,ochroleuca,A. mexicana,"Mexican poppy, devil's fig, Mexican pricklepoppy, Mexican thistle, prickly poppy",HX,NL,WA; NT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Argemone,ochroleuca, "Mexican poppy, devil's fig, golden thistle of Peru, Mexican pricklepoppy, Mexican thistle, prickly poppy, white thistle, yellow poppy"," it was accidentally introd to Aust, possibly as an impurity in wheat seed in NSW, it now occurs on all mainland States; it is widespread both in Qld & NSW, mainly as a weed of cereals & sugarcane, but is most prevalent in the pastoral & cereal growing ar","native of Mexico is nat. in most warm countries of the world, occurring as a serious weed of various crops in Arg, Aust, India, Madagascar, Mauritius, Morocco, Nicaragua, Pakistan, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, S Afr & Tanzania; it is prevalent in subhumi","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Argemone,ochroleuca, Mexican poppy, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Argemone,ochroleuca, Weed Science List
  • Argemone,ochroleuca, Mexican poppy,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Argemone,platyceras, crested pricklepoppy,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Argemone,subfusiformis,A. mexicana,"Mexican poppy, devil's fig, Mexican pricklepoppy, Mexican thistle, prickly poppy",XXX,NL,WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Argemone,subfusiformis, "Mexican poppy, devil's fig, golden thistle of Peru, Mexican pricklepoppy, Mexican thistle, prickly poppy, white thistle, yellow poppy","it was accidentally introd to Aust, possibly as an impurity in wheat seed in NSW, it now occurs on all mainland States; it is widespread both in Qld & NSW, mainly as a weed of cereals & sugarcane, but is most prevalent in the pastoral & cereal growing are","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Argemone,subfusiformis, Weed Science List
  • Argemone ,mexicana, Mexican prickle poppy,dormancy approx 14 mths; alternating temp 19hrs at 32C & 5hrs at 4C for 24 days or keeping seed moist at high temps for 24 days gave 82% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Chelidonium,japonicum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Chelidonium,majus, Greater Celandine,"All Europe, N Amer",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Chelidonium,majus, Greater Celandine,"All Europe, N Amer",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Chelidonium,majus, celandine,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Chelidonium,majus, greater celandine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Corydalis,aurea, golden corydalis,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eschscholtzia,californica, California poppy,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eschscholtzia,californica,California poppy,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Eschscholzia,californica,Californian poppy,XAXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eschscholzia,californica, Weed Science List
  • Fumaria,agraria, Weed Science List
  • Fumaria,agraria, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Glaucium,corniculatum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Glaucium,corniculatum, Horned Poppy,G. grandiflorum,"Mainland Europe & UK, less in Northern & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Glaucium,corniculatum, Weed Science List
  • Glaucium,flavum,"horned poppy, yellow hornpoppy",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Glaucium,flavum, Horned Poppy,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1","Introduced deliberately from: E Med,SW As, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Glaucium,flavum, unripe seed germ readily on moist filter paper in dark at 17C; ripe seed have hard brittle testa that prevents imbibition & hence germ; gentle & prolonged abrasion with fine Analar sand & water in a Tower's Extra Rapid shaker for 8-9hrs; germ 50%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Glaucium,flavum, Yellow Horned Poppy,"Central to SW Europe, Norway, UK & Eire. Less in Central regions",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Glaucium,flavum, Weed Science List
  • Hypecoum,grandiflorum, Weed Science List
  • Hypecoum,grandiflorum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hypecoum,pendulum, More southerly in Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Hypecoum,procumbens, Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Hypecoum,procumbens, Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Macleaya,cordata,"plume-poppy, tree celandine","RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Papaver,aculeatum,bristle poppy,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Papaver,aculeatum, Iranian poppy,Weed Science List
  • Papaver,apulum, plants grown by sowing seed in field plots in spring,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Papaver,argemome,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Papaver,argemone, plants grown by sowing seed in field plots in spring,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Papaver,argemone, Prickly Poppy,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Papaver,argemone, Weed Science List
  • Papaver,bracteatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Papaver,dubium, Field poppy,"seeds germ in 1st or 2nd spring after collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 89% germ of seed after storage in lab for 3yrs, 75% after 5yrs",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Papaver,dubium, Long headed Poppy,"P. obtusifolium, P. modestum, P. nothum",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Papaver,dubium, Weed Science List
  • Papaver,dubium, field poppy,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Papaver,dubium,poppy,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Papaver,dudium,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Papaver,hybridum,rough poppy,XXX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Papaver,hybridum, Rough Poppy,P. hispidum,"All Europe, Central Asia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Papaver,hybridum, Weed Science List
  • Papaver,lecoqii, seeds collected from natural popln seeded in field plots following spring; seedlings emerged in 3wks,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Papaver,lecoqii, Yellow Juiced Poppy,SW Europe inc Greece & UK,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Papaver,lecoqii, Yellow Juiced Poppy,SW Europe inc Greece & UK,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Papaver,pinnatifidum, Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Papaver,pinnatifidum, Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Papaver,rhoeas,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Papaver,rhoeas, Corn poppy,"germ good at all constant temps from 2-5C to 25C, also with alt. temps 5-15C, 10-18C & 10-25C; 56% germ after 1yr of dry storage in lab, 79% after 5yrs, & 3% after 10yrs",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Papaver,rhoeas, Corn Poppy,"All Europe, Asia & N Africa",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Papaver,rhoeas, Corn Poppy,"2,4-D 1993 Spain Wheat ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Papaver,rhoeas, Weed Science List
  • Papaver,rhoeas, "field poppy, common poppy, corn poppy","Papaver rhoeas is a winter annual or annual plant closely related to the opium poppy, P. somniferum, which also provides the poppy seeds used in baking. It is found in annual crops (especially winter cereals), gardens, meadows, nurseries, roadsides, wast",originated in Eur; occurs in every continent but is most abundant in Eur,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Papaver,rhoeas, corn poppy,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Papaver,setigerum, Weed Science List
  • Papaver,somniferum,opium poppy,XH,NLP,ACT; NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Papaver,somniferum,somniferum ssp. setigerum,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Papaver,somniferum, seeds germ in 1st spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 92% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Papaver,somniferum, opium poppy,Weed Science List
  • Papaver,somniferum, opium poppy,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Papaver,somniferum ssp. setigerum, "introd to SE Aust during the Gold Rush era, they have since spread to other areas, principally as weeds of crops & disturbed waste places; they are now prevalent in a broad band extending from inland SE Qld through the Western Slopes & Plains of NSW, the ",native to Euro-Asia,"Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Papaver,somniferum ssp. somniferum, native to Euro-Asia,"introd to SE Aust during the Gold Rush era, they have since spread to other areas, principally as weeds of crops & disturbed waste places; ssp. somniferum occurs as a minor component of mixed opium poppy communities on the Central Coast, the Southern Tabl","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Papaver,spp., "review of five species of Papaver, see references",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Roemeria,hybrida,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Roemeria,hybrida, Violet Horned Poppy,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Roemeria,hybrida, Weed Science List
  • Roemeria,refracta, Roemer poppy,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Romneya,coulteri, Weed Science List
  • Romneya,trichocalyx,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Romneya,trichocalyx, Region of origin - California; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Romneya,trichocalyx, Weed Science List
  • Papilionaceae
  • Aeschynomene,aspera, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Aeschynomene,rudis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Aeschynomene ,indica,syn Aeshcynomene aspera,"on soggy or moist, sunny sites along the borders of ditches & pools (even when almost desiccated), wet cultivated land; in regions with or without a pronounced dry season; from 0-1000m alt. Lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, it is reported to ","India, pantropical, also in the subtropics; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Hedysarum,coronarium, "Southern Europe except Portugal, more in Spain & Italy",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lupinus,angustifolius, Blue lupin,"L. leucospermus, L. reticulatus","Central & Southern Europe, less in NE regions",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Medicago,aculeata, Medit region,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Medicago,aculeata,Leguminosae ,Medit region,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Medicago,arabica, Spotted Medic,M. maculata,"UK, Eire, S Sweden & Mainland Europe except Denmark & NE, less in Eire & Sweden",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Medicago,ciliaris, Medit region,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ononis,reclinata, Small Restharrow,SW Europe & UK,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ononis,reclinata,Leguminosae ,Small Restharrow,SW Europe & UK,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ononis,repens, Restharrow,"O. spinosa, O. procurrens","All Europe, W Asia, N Africa",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Parkeriaceae
  • Ceratopteris,thalictroides,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ceratopteris,thalictroides,syn Acrostichum thalictroides,"in shallow fresh or brackish water; pools, marshy sites, along drains; often abundant & often gregarious; up to 800m alt (Java); lowland-irrigated, lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, Edible; in Japan cultivated as a spring vegetable","Asia, pantropical & temperate regions; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Passifloraceae
  • Passiflora,caerulea,Braszilian passion-flower,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,caerulea, Braszilian Passion-flower,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,13","Introduced deliberately from: S Am and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Passiflora,caerulea, blue passion flower,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, bush clumps, roadsides, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Passiflora,caerulea, blue passion flower,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, bush clumps, roadsides, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Passiflora,caerulea, Weed Science List
  • Passiflora,cinnabarina,red passion-flower,XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,cinnabarina, Red Passion-flower,"Dispersal: ?Bird, internal. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5","Introduced deliberately from: Vic,NSW,Tas and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Passiflora,edulis, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Passiflora,edulis,passionfruit,XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,edulis, Black Passionfruit ,VINES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Passiflora,edulis, purple granadilla,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Passiflora,edulis, "purple granadilla, passion fruit","Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, plantations, riverbanksCultivated for: edible fruit, ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Passiflora,edulis, "purple granadilla, passion fruit","Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, plantations, riverbanksCultivated for: edible fruit, ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Passiflora,edulis, Weed Science List
  • Passiflora,filamentosa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,filamentosa, Weed Science List
  • Passiflora,foetida, stinking passionfruit,", pasture, low vegetation","Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia;Fed, States of Micronesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna",""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Passiflora,foetida,XXHH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,foetida,XXXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,foetida,XXXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,foetida, Stinking Passionfruit ,VINES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Passiflora,foetida, Weed Science List
  • Passiflora,foetida, Ornamental , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Passiflora,foetida,syn ,"in wet areas or in areas with a pronounced dry season; in hedges, in scrubs, wastelands, roadsides, plantation margins; in Java from 0-1000m alt; flowers all year round; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, sometimes cultivated as a soil cover(","tropical Amer, pantropical; introd into Java along time ago, & has since spread throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Passiflora,foetida, "stinking passion flower, love in a mist, mossy passion flower, scarlet fruited passion flower, wild passion fruit, ","Passiflora foetida is a foul smelling, climbing or scambling perennial weed that is kin to the pleasant passion fruit of commerce. The weed is largely confined to the tropics and subtropics. The plant contains glycosides that yield HCN on hydrolysis and",tropcis and subtropics,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Passiflora,foetida, redfruit passionflower,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Passiflora,foetida,stinking passion-flower,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Passiflora,incarnata, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Passiflora,incarnata, maypop passionflower,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Passiflora,laurifolia,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,maliformis, ", ",French Polynesia; American Samoa; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Passiflora,molissima,banana passionfruit,HXS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,mollissima, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Passiflora,mollissima, Banana Passionfruit,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8,13","Introduced deliberately from: S Am and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Passiflora,mollissima, banana poka,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Passiflora,mollissima, "banana poka, bananaadilla","Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins in cool, moist regions Cultivated for: ornament, edible fruit",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Passiflora,mollissima, "banana poka, bananaadilla","Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins in cool, moist regions Cultivated for: ornament, edible fruit",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Passiflora,mollissima, Weed Science List
  • Passiflora,morifolia,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,morifolia, Weed Science List
  • Passiflora,pulchella, Weed Science List
  • Passiflora,pulchella, wingleaf passionflower,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Passiflora,pulchella, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Passiflora,quadrangularis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,quadrangularis, Weed Science List
  • Passiflora,sanguinolenta,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,suberosa,passion fruit vine,XXX,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,suberosa, Pointed-leaf Passionfruit ,Major WeedVINES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Passiflora,suberosa, corkystem passionflower,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Passiflora,suberosa, "devil's pumpkin, indigo berry","Woody SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, riverbanks, bush clumps, roadsides, coastal dunesCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Passiflora,suberosa, "devil's pumpkin, indigo berry","Woody SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, riverbanks, bush clumps, roadsides, coastal dunesCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Passiflora,suberosa, Corky Passionfruit ,Major WeedVines.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Passiflora,suberosa, Passion fruit vine,Weed Science List
  • Passiflora,suberosa, Passion fruit vine,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Passiflora,subpeltata,white passionfruit,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Passiflora,subpeltata, White Passionfruit ,VINES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Passiflora,subpeltata, granadina,"Woody SpeciesInvades: woodland, bush clumps, roadsides, riverbanks Cultivated for: ornament",Origin: C & S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Passiflora,subpeltata, granadina,"Woody SpeciesInvades: woodland, bush clumps, roadsides, riverbanks Cultivated for: ornament",Origin: C & S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Passiflora,subpeltata, White Passionfruit ,Vines.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Passiflora,subpeltata, Weed Science List
  • Passiflora,violacea,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pedaliaceae
  • Harpagophytum,procumbens ,syn Uncaria procumbens Burch.,"Devil's Claw, grapple plant, grapple thorn, quick thorn, sandbur, veldspider and woolspider",P,"7cm.pinn,hairy und. bignonia-like,RED-PURPLE,-6cm. dehisc.7cm.capsules to 1.5m,trails10 pe. Common names, Devil's Claw, grapple plant, grapple thorn, quick thorn, sandbur, veldspider and woolspiderFirst record of spp. in Australia, a fruit was confiscat"," Transvaal, South Africa; Botswana; Namibia; Zimbabwe; Orange FreeState, South Africa; Cape Province, South Africa, Madagascar",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Proboscidea,parviflora, doubleclaw,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Proboscoidea,fragrans, Weed Science List
  • Sesamum,indicum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sesamum,indicum, Weed Science List
  • Trapella,sinensis, "receptacles removed from seeds & germ in water at 22-23C in both light & dark, good germ after 6mths; prechilling for 7days in dark at 5C inc. germ & light very important for good germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Uncarina,grandidieri,syn Harpagophytum grandidieri Baill. ,P,"When the WAYNE'S WORD staff began compiling a list of hitchhikers that are difficult to remove from socks and underwear,we felt confident that our list included the most tenacious species. That is, until horticulturist John Trager of the marvelousHuntin","Type - protologue Madagascar, Grandidier 72 ((holo-, P)) ",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Phaeophyceae-Sargassaceae
  • Carpophyllum,spp., P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Phytolaccaceae
  • Phytolacca,americana, Weed Science List
    Phytolacca,octandra, Weed Science List
  • Gisekia,africana, Weed Science List
  • Gisekia,africana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Phytolacca,americana,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phytolacca,americana, Phytolacca decandra,Poke weed,"72% germ in diffuse light at 20-25C within 36days; pretreating with conc. sulfuric acid 5-7min, washed thoroughly, then soaked in water for 10 or more hours help inc. germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Phytolacca,americana, Pokeweed,P. decandra,Scattered Central & Western Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Phytolacca,americana, pokeweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Phytolacca,dioica,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phytolacca,dodecandra, Weed Science List
  • Phytolacca,dodecandra, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Phytolacca,octandra,Red Ink-weed,HXXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phytolacca,octandra, Red Ink-weed,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Small to medium shrubs. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,8,12","trop Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Phytolacca,octandra, eightstamen pokeweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rivina,humilis, Coral Berry ,Major WeedSHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Rivina,humilis, Coral Berry ,Ground Covers.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Rivina,humilis,"coral berry, baby pepper, bloodberry, rouge plant",XXw,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinaceae
  • Abies,balsamea, balsam fir,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Abies,concolor, white fir,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Abies,fraseri, Fraser fir,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Abies,grandis, grand fir,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Abies,lasiocarpa, subalpine fir,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Abies,sp.,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Abies,sp., Region of origin - ?; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental and timber,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Larix,decidua, European larch,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Larix,laricina, tamarack,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Larix,occidentalis, western larch,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Picea,abies, Norway spruce,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Picea,glauca, white spruce,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Picea,mariana, black spruce,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Picea,pungens, blue spruce,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Picea,rubens, red spruce,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Picea,sitchensis, Sitka spruce,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Picea,sp.,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Picea,sp., Region of origin - ?; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental and timber,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pinus,attenuata, knobcone pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,banksiana, jack pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,brutia,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,canariensis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,canariensis, Region of origin - Canary Islands; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental and timber,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pinus,canariensis, Canary pine,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: fynbos, usually on dry mountain slopesCultivated for: timber",Origin: Canary Isles ,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,canariensis, Canary pine,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: fynbos, usually on dry mountain slopesCultivated for: timber",Origin: Canary Isles ,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,caribaea,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,clausa, sand pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,contorta,lodge pole pine,A,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,contorta, Region of origin - NW Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - timber,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pinus,contorta, lodgepole pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,echinata, shortleaf pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,edulis, pinyon pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,elliotii, "Region of origin - SE USA, C Amer, W Indies; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - timber",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pinus,elliotii, slash pine,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, grasslandCultivated for: timber",Origin: N Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,elliotii, slash pine,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, grasslandCultivated for: timber",Origin: N Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,elliottii,slash pine,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,elliottii, slash pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,halepensis,aleppo pine,XS,NL,SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,halepensis, Aleppo pine * ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea", Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies),"South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Pinus,halepensis, Weed Science List
  • Pinus,halpensis, Aleppo pine,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: grassland, fynbos, particularly on dry soilsCultivated for: shelter, firewood, poles",Origin: Europe (Medit),Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,halpensis, Aleppo pine,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: grassland, fynbos, particularly on dry soilsCultivated for: shelter, firewood, poles",Origin: Europe (Medit),Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,jeffreyi, Jeffrey pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,lambertiana, sugar pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,monticola, western white pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,nigra,Corsican pine,XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,nigra, Corsican Pine,Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,"Introduced deliberately from: Med, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pinus,nigra, Austrian pine,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Pinus,nigra, Weed Science List
  • Pinus,palustris, longleaf pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,patula,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,patula, From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Pinus,patula, patula pine,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationWoody SpeciesInvades: moist grassland, forest margins and gaps, road cuttingsCultivated for: timber",Origin: C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,patula, patula pine,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationWoody SpeciesInvades: moist grassland, forest margins and gaps, road cuttingsCultivated for: timber",Origin: C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,pinaster,"Cluster pine, maritime pine",HXHw,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,pinaster, Cluster Pine,Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,"Introduced deliberately from: Med, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pinus,pinaster, cluster pine,Declared Invader. Subject of herbicide registration Woody SpeciesInvades: mountain and lowland fynbosCultivated for: timber,Origin: Europe (Medit),Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,pinaster, cluster pine,Declared Invader. Subject of herbicide registration Woody SpeciesInvades: mountain and lowland fynbosCultivated for: timber,Origin: Europe (Medit),Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,pinaster, Weed Science List
  • Pinus,pinea,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,pinea, Region of origin - Medit; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental and timber,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pinus,pinea, Italian stone pine,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Pinus,pinea, umbrella pine,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: grassland, mountain fynbosCultivated for: ornament, shade",Origin: Europe (Medit),Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,pinea, umbrella pine,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: grassland, mountain fynbosCultivated for: ornament, shade",Origin: Europe (Medit),Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,ponderosa,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,ponderosa, Weed Science List
  • Pinus,ponderosa, ponderosa pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,radiata,Monterey pine,HHXXXAHX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,radiata, Monterey Pine ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Pinus,radiata, Monterey Pine,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5,6,8","Introduced deliberately from: Cal and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pinus,radiata, radiata pine,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: fynbos, forest gaps, usually on moist mountain slopes Cultivated for: timber, shelter",Origin: N Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,radiata, radiata pine,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: fynbos, forest gaps, usually on moist mountain slopes Cultivated for: timber, shelter",Origin: N Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pinus,radiata, Weed Science List
  • Pinus,resinosa, red pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,rigida, pitch pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,sabiniana,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,sabiniana, digger pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,serotina, eastern white pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Pinus,spp.,pines,XXXXXAXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,sylvestris, Scott's pine,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Pinus,sylvestris, Scotch pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,taeda,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pinus,taeda, loblolly pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pinus,virginiana, Virginia pine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pseudotsuga,menziesii,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pseudotsuga,menziesii, "Region of origin - W USA, W Canada; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - timber",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pseudotsuga,menziesii, Douglas fir,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Taxodium,distichum, baldcypress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Tsuga,canadensis, Eastern hemlock,"Tsuga canadensis is listed in the USA as X - present as weed (the species is present & behaves as a aweed, but its rank of importance is unknown)",N Amer,Holm et al. 'A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds'
  • Tsuga,canadensis, eastern hemlock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Tsuga,heterophylla, Western hemlock,"Tsuga heterophylla is listed in the USA as X - present as weed (the species is present & behaves as a aweed, but its rank of importance is unknown)",S Alaska to N California,Holm et al. 'A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds'
  • Tsuga,heterophylla, western hemlock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Tsuga,mertensiana, mountain hemlock,"Tsuga mertensiana is listed in the USA as X - present as weed (the species is present & behaves as a aweed, but its rank of importance is unknown)",S Alaska to Oregon & W. Montana,Holm et al. 'A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds'
  • Tsuga,mertensiana, mountain hemlock,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Piperaceae
  • Peperomia,pellucida,Piper pellucidum,man to man,w,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Peperomia,pellucida, "Region of origin - trop Afr, Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - nursery seed contaminant",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Piper,aduncum, Weed Science List
  • Piper,aduncum, spiked pepper,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Piper,aduncum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Piper,tuberculatum, Weed Science List
  • Piper,tuberculatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Piperomia,pellucida, Weed Science List
  • Pittosporaceae
  • Pittosporum,crassifolium,karo,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pittosporum,crassifolium, Region of origin - NZ; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pittosporum,crassifolium, Pittosporum,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1","Introduced deliberately from: NZ and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pittosporum,eugenioides,tarata,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pittosporum,eugenioides, Region of origin - NZ; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pittosporum,eugenioides, Pittosporum,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,6","Introduced deliberately from: NZ and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pittosporum,pentandrum,pittosporum,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Pittosporum,tenuifolium,kohuhu,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pittosporum,tenuifolium, Region of origin - NZ; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pittosporum,tenuifolium, Kohuhu,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 7","Introduced deliberately from: NZ and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pittosporum,tobira,Japanese pittosporum,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Pittosporum,undulatum,"Sweet Pittosporum, Australian cheesewood, Victorian Box , New Zealand daphne",HHHXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pittosporum,undulatum,hybrid between P. undulatum & P. bicolor,sweet pittosporum,XXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pittosporum,undulatum, Sweet Pittosporum,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,6,7,8","Introduced deliberately from: E Vic,NSW,Qld and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pittosporum,undulatum, Australian cheesewood,"Woody SpeciesInvades: woodland, disturbed foret, riverbanks, plantationsCultivated for: ornament, hedging, shelter",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pittosporum,undulatum, Australian cheesewood,"Woody SpeciesInvades: woodland, disturbed foret, riverbanks, plantationsCultivated for: ornament, hedging, shelter",Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Sollya,heterophylla,bluebell creeper,HXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sollya,heterophylla, Bluebell Creeper,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: WA and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Plagiobothrys,canescens, Valley popcorn flower,Weed Science List
  • Plantaginaceae
  • Plagiobothrys,canescens, Valley popcorn flower,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Plantago,afra, P. psyllium,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,afra, P. psyllium,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,albicans,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,albicans, Weed Science List
  • Plantago,amplexicaulis, "seed dry stored for several years germ induced by soaking in water for 24hrs, dissecting the embryos, growing the embryos on moist filter paper, transplanting seedlings to soil",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Plantago,arenaria,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,arenaria, "Region of origin - S, C & E Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Plantago,arenaria, "P. indica, P. ramosa, P. psyllium","Mainland Europe, except Denmark, less in Extreme NW",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,arenaria, "P. indica, P. ramosa, P. psyllium","Mainland Europe, except Denmark, less in Extreme NW",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,aristata, Bracted plantain,"high germ % by daily alt. of 20C:16hrs in dark to 30C:8hrs in 100ft-c of light of 8mth air dry stored seed; germ in dark inc. if 0.2% soln of KNO3 used as moistening agent; 10-1000ppm soln of GA inc. germ at 20C, 30C & alt. 20-30C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Plantago,aristata, bracted plantain,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Plantago,asiatica, ,Shimane Shizuoka Hokkaido Niigata Oita Okayama Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Plantago,australis,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,australis,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,australis, Region of origin - S Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Plantago,australis, Weed Science List
  • Plantago,bellardii,Hairy Plantain,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,bellardii, Hairy Plantain,"Dispersal: ?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5","Med, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Plantago,bellardii, Weed Science List
  • Plantago,coronopus,bucks-horn Plantain,HX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,coronopus,bucks-horn Plantain,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,coronopus, Bucks-horn Plantain,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,8,9,11","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,W As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Plantago,coronopus, seeds germ soon after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; only 27% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Plantago,coronopus, Buck's Horn Plantain,"All Europe, intro worldwide",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,coronopus, Weed Science List
  • Plantago,cretica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,cretica, Weed Science List
  • Plantago,fastigiata, 27% germ of seed stored 9mths on moist filter paper at 20C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Plantago,indica, Weed Science List
  • Plantago,indica, whorled plantain,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Plantago,lagopus, P. lusitanica,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,lagopus, P. lusitanica,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,lagopus, Plantain ,"triazines 1992 Israel Orchard, Roadside ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Plantago,lanceolata,ribwort,HXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,lanceolata, Ribwort,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,6,7,8,9,12","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,N Af,As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Plantago,lanceolata, Buckhorn plantain,"prechilling seed on moist blotters in petri dishes at 1-7C for 12wks; 98% germ of seed on filter paper moistened with 0.03% GA in dark at 20-25C; 86% of brown plump seed, 72% with light to dark brown shriveled seeds, 42% dark brown shriveled seed",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Plantago,lanceolata, Ribwort Plantain,"P. glabriflora, P. lanuginosa","All Europe, N & Central Asia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,lanceolata, Weed Science List
  • Plantago,lanceolata, Weed in poor site ,Shimane Hokkaido Niigata Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Plantago,lanceolata, buckhorn plantain,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Plantago,major,greater plantain,XXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,major, Greater Plantain,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,6,7,8,9,15","Introduced deliberately from: Euras, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Plantago,major, Broadleaf plantain,"96% germ of seed dry stored for 1yr after harvest, fresh seed 1-2wks moist prechilling at 5C, germ at 20C:16hrs to 30C:8hrs with light using 0.2% KNO3 soln as moistening agent",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Plantago,major, Greater Plantain,Cosmopolitan,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,major, Weed Science List
  • Plantago,major, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Plantago,major, broadleaf plantain,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Plantago,media, Hoary plantain,seeds germ in 1st spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 85% germ; prechilling moist seed at 5C for 3-4days then germ at 20-25C; ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Plantago,media, Hoary Plantain,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,media, Hoary Plantain,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,media, hoary plantain,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Plantago,myosuros,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,myosuros, Weed Science List
  • Plantago,purshii, Wooly plantain,"98% seed stored in moist sand outdoors; 96% germ at 15C with alt. light/dark 80% at 20C in dark, 90% at 20-30C alt. with alt. light/dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Plantago,purshii, woolly plantain,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Plantago,pusilla, slender plantain,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Plantago,rugelii, Blackseed plantain,"dormant at harvest, dry storage for several mths, or prechilling moist at 5C for 1-2wks; germ at 20C:16hrs alt. 30C:8hrs light with 0.2% KNO3 soln as moistening agent; breaking seed coat inc. germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Plantago,rugelii, blackseed plantain,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Plantago,scabra,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,scabra, Weed Science List
  • Plantago,serraria, "Spain, Portugal, Italy & Greece",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,serraria, "Spain, Portugal, Italy & Greece",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Plantago,stepposa, 75% germ at 20-25C on filter paper moistened with GA soln in dark after 45days,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Plantago,turrifera,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plantago,tweedyi, "80% germ of moist seed at room temp (22-29C) with light exposure; 98% germ of seeds moistened on filter paper allowed to dry out for 12days, then remoistened for 1day & allowed to dry out again for 4days, then remoistened for 3days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Plantago,virginica, Paleseed plantain,"100% germ at 80F with 8hr photoperiod, 92% with 16hr photoperiod & 16% in dark; 100% germ at 60F with dark/light, 92% in dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Plantago,virginica, paleseed plantain,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Plantago ,lagopus,syn ,Round-headed plantain,"fields, canal banks","Medit, W Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Plantago ,major,syn ,Broad-leaved plantain,"canal banks, moist ground","Medit, Eur, W Asia; naturalised elsewhere in the temp. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Platanaceae
  • Platanus,hybrida,plane tree,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Platanus,hybrida, Plane Tree,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8","Introduced deliberately from: garden origin and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Platanus,occidentalis, American sycamore,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Platanus,x acerifolia,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Platanus,x acerifolia, Region of origin - Nursery; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Plumbaginaceae
  • Limonium,binervosum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Limonium,binervosum, Weed Science List
  • Limonium,companyonis,Sea-lavender,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Limonium,companyonis, Sea-lavender,Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 11,"France, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Limonium,companyonis, Weed Science List
  • Limonium,hyblaeum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Limonium,lobatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Limonium,lobatum, Weed Science List
  • Limonium,myrianthum, Weed Science List
  • Limonium,otolepis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Limonium,otolepis, Weed Science List
  • Limonium,ramosissima, N/A ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Limonium,sinuatum,"sea lavender, statice, wavyleaf sealavender",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Limonium,sinuatum, Weed Science List
  • Limonium,thouinii, Weed Science List
  • Plumbago,auriculata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa


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Updated January 2005
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