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Rod Randall's Big Weed List

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Plant families: Geraniaceae-Martyniaceae

  • Geraniaceae
  • Erodium,angustilobum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erodium,aureum,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erodium,aureum, Weed Science List
  • Erodium,botrys,Big Herons-bill,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erodium,botrys, Big Herons-bill,"Dispersal: animal external,?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Med , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Erodium,botrys, Broadleaf filaree,"long dormant period of 1-2yrs; 39% of 1yr old seed germ within 10day period, & 91% of 2yr old seed in 7days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Erodium,botrys, Weed Science List
  • Erodium,botrys, broadleaf filaree,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Erodium,brachycarpum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erodium,brachycarpum, Weed Science List
  • Erodium,castellanum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Erodium,ciconium, Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erodium,ciconium, Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erodium,cicutarium,common heron's-bill,HXH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erodium,cicutarium, Common Herons-bill,"Dispersal: animal external,?animal externalWind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 3,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Erodium,cicutarium, Common Storksbill,E. viscosum,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erodium,cicutarium, Redstem filaree ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Erodium,cicutarium, Weed Science List
  • Erodium,cicutarium, redstem filaree,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Erodium,malacoides,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erodium,malacoides, "E. subtrilobum, E. aragonense",Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erodium,malacoides, Weed Science List
  • Erodium,manescavii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Erodium,moschatum,musky crowsfoot,XXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erodium,moschatum, Musk Storksbill,Western Europe & UK,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erodium,moschatum, Weed Science List
  • Erodium,moschatum, whitestem filaree,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Erodium,reichardii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Erodium,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Erodium,trifolium, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Geranium,carolinianum, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Geranium,carolinianum, Carolina geranium,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Geranium,columbinum, Long Stalked Cranesbill,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Geranium,columbinum, Long Stalked Cranesbill,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Geranium,columbinum, longstalk geranium,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Geranium,dissectum,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Geranium,dissectum, Cutleaf geranium,"high germ% of 1-3mth old seed & dry stored seed; germ good at all constant temps ranging from 2-5C to 35C; temp alt. of 10-25C better than constant temps; 69% germ after 5yes, 52% germ after 10yrs dry storage",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Geranium,dissectum, Cut Leaved Cranesbill,Cosmopolitan,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Geranium,dissectum, Weed Science List
  • Geranium,dissectum, cutleaf geranium,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Geranium,maculatum, spotted geranium,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Geranium,molle,doves-foot,XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Geranium,molle, Doves-foot,"Dispersal: ?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Geranium,molle, Dovefoot geranium,"99% germ of fresh seed, 98% dry stored for 1yr, 90% dry stored 2yrs & 5% after 4yrs",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Geranium,molle, Dove's Foot Cranesbill,G. stipulare,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Geranium,molle, Weed Science List
  • Geranium,molle, dovefoot geranium,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Geranium,palmatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Geranium,palmatum, Region of origin - Madeira; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Geranium,pilosum, travelers geranium,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Geranium,pratense, Meadow geranium,100% germ of fresh seed; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Geranium,pratense, small geranium,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Geranium,purpureum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Geranium,purpureum, Weed Science List
  • Geranium,pusillum, Small geranium,"50% germ of fresh seed at 7C; 99% germ of dry stored seed at room temp over winter, 92% germ after 5yrs dry storage at room temp & 16% after 10yrs",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Geranium,pusillum, Small Flowered Cranesbill,G. delicatulum,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Geranium,pusillum, Small Flowered Cranesbill,G. delicatulum,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Geranium,pusillum, small geranium,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Geranium,pyrenaicum, Hedgerow Cranesbill,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Geranium,pyrenaicum, Hedgerow Cranesbill,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Geranium,robertianum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Geranium,robertianum, Herb Robert,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Geranium,robertianum, Herb Robert,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Geranium,robertianum, Herb robert ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Geranium,rotundifolium,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Geranium,rotundifolium, Round Leaved Cranesbill,"UK, Eire, Mainland Europe except Denmark & NE ",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Geranium,rubescens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Geranium,rubescens, Region of origin - Madeira; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Geranium,sanguineum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Geranium,sibiricum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Geranium,sinense, Weed Science List
  • Geranium,sinense, P,Banned by AQIS,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Geranium,thunbergii, Weed in poor site ,Shimane Shizuoka Miyagi ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Geranium,tuberosum,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Geranium,tuberosum, Weed Science List
  • Geranium,tuberosum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Geranium,viscosissimum, 100% germ of seed on moist cellucotton in petri dishes at room temp (22-29C); seed stored in air tight bottles at room temp for up to 18mths prior testing,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Pelargonium,alchillemoides,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pelargonium,alchillenoides, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pelargonium,capitatum,Pelargonium,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pelargonium,capitatum, Pelargonium,Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Small to medium shrubs. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,"Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: ?Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pelargonium,capitatum, Weed Science List
  • Pelargonium,fragrans,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pelargonium,fragrans, Weed Science List
  • Pelargonium,quercifolium,Oak-leaved Geranium,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pelargonium,quercifolium, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pelargonium,quercifolium, Oak-leaved Geranium,"Dispersal: Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Small to medium shrubs. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pelargonium,sp.,pelargonium,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pelargonium,sp., Pelargonium,"Dispersal: Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Small to medium shrubs. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Pelargonium,sp.,X asperum,Weed Science List
  • Pelargonium,sp.,X domesticum,Weed Science List
  • Pelargonium,x asperum,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pelargonium,x domesticum,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Globulariaceae
  • Hebenstretia,dentata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Hebenstretia,dentata, Weed Science List
  • Selago,corymbosa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Selago,thunbergii,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Goodeniaceae
  • Goodenia,koningsbergeri,syn Selliera koningsbergeri,"in areas with a pronounced dry season; heavy soils, often containing limestone concretions; on moist or marshy sites, on spreadout mud from ditches; often in large quantities;occurs in Java from Indramayu to C & E Java; from 0-900m alt; flowering from Dec","unknown, Indonesia: Java, Madura, Kangean Island & Timor","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Scaevola,taccada,syn. S. sericea,beach naupaka,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Scaevola,taccada,syn. S. sericea,"scaevola, half-flower, beach naupaka","Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Scaveola,sericea (=S. taccada), scaveola,", coconut, pandanus",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; Niue; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tokelau; Tuvalu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Grossulariaceae
  • Ribes,americanum, American black currant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,binominatum, Siskiyou gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,bracteosum, stink currant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,californicum, California gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,californicum, California gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,cereum, wax currant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,cynosbati, pasture gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,glandulosum, skunk currant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,glutinosum, nutmeg currant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,hirtellum, hairystem gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,inerme, whitestem gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,lacustre, swamp black currant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,laxiflorum, trailing black currant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,lobbii, Lobbs gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,marshallii, Hupa gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,menziesii, Menzies gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,missouriense, Missouri gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,montigenum, mountain gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,nevadense, Sierra currant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,oxyacanthoides, northern gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
    Ribes,petiolare, western black currant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,roezlii, Sierra gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,rubrum, ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Ribes,sanguineum,pink flowering currant,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ribes,sanguineum, Region of origin - western N Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Ribes,sanguineum, redflowered currant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,speciosum, fuchsia gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,triste, swamp red currant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,tularense, Tulare gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,uva-crispa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ribes,uva-crispa, Weed Science List
  • Ribes,velutinum, desert gooseberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ribes,viscosissimum, sticky currant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Guttiferae
  • Calophyllum,antillanum, "beauty leaf, Santa-Maria",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Calophyllum,antillanum,"santa maria (names 'mast wood', Alexandrian laurel' used in cultivation)","Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Haemodoraceae
  • Haemodorum,corymbosum, Weed Science List
  • Lachnanthes,tinctoria, redroot,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Wachendorfia,paniculata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Wachendorfia,paniculata, Weed Science List
  • Wachendorfia,thyrsiflora,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Haloragaceae
  • Haloragis,micrantha, , Niigata ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Myriophyllum,alterniflorum, "seeds germ readily in water both in dark or in bright diffuse light in greenhouse, after 12mths dry storage",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Myriophyllum,alternifolium, Weed Science List
  • Myriophyllum,alternifolium, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Myriophyllum,aquaticum,"Enydria aquatica, Myriophyllum brasiliense, Myriophyllum proserpinacoides","parrot's feather, Brazilian water milfoil, parrotfeather, thread-of-life",HXXH,NL,WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myriophyllum,aquaticum, Parrot's Feather ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Myriophyllum,aquaticum, Parrots Feather,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 9,10","Introduced deliberately from: S Am and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Myriophyllum,aquaticum," Enydria aquatica, Myriophyllum brasiliense, Myriophyllum proserpinacoides","parrot's feather, Brazilian water milfoil, parrotfeather, thread-of-life","densely interwoven stems can impede water movement, the stems are fragile & readily break during storms, forming floating mats which can block hydro-electric intakes, irrigation pumps & metering devices, as well as shallow streams, causing flooding; it al","native of S Amer has become widespread throughout the world as an escape from the aquarium trade; it is nat in rivers & streams of SW France, Afr, Japan, Java, the US, NZ & eastern Aust","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Myriophyllum,aquaticum, parrot's feather,"Declared Weed. Subject of biocontrol investigation.Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: still or slow-moving water on the banks of rivers, lakes and pondsCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Myriophyllum,aquaticum, parrot's feather,"Declared Weed. Subject of biocontrol investigation.Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: still or slow-moving water on the banks of rivers, lakes and pondsCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Myriophyllum,aquaticum, "parrot's feather, Brazilian water milfoil", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Myriophyllum,aquaticum,syn Myriophyllum brasiliense,parrot feather,"in fresh water, up to 1.5m deep, or persisting in water-saturated mud & gravel, in ditches; locally abundant; from 450-1400m alt; lowland-irrigated & lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, but it may obstruct waterways, it is cultivate as a cover ","S Amer, cosmopolitan, rare in Afr; Indonesia: Java & Sumatra","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Myriophyllum,aquaticum, "parrot's feather, Brazilian water milfoil",P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Myriophyllum,aquaticum,"parrotfeather, watermilfoil","RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Myriophyllum,brasiliense, Parrot feather,vegetative propagation,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Myriophyllum,brasiliense, "Brasilian milfoil, parrot feather",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Myriophyllum,brasiliense, Parrotfeather," Aquatic weed, emerged ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Myriophyllum,brasiliense, parrotfeather,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Myriophyllum,crispatum,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myriophyllum,elatinoides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Myriophyllum,exalbescens, northern watermilfoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Myriophyllum,heterophyllum, broadleaf watermilfoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Myriophyllum,indicum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Myriophyllum,propinquum ,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myriophyllum,propinquum , P,"Canberra Botanic gardens and recorded in QLD, TAS and NSW see:http://www.anca.gov.au/environm/wetlands/nsw.htm",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Myriophyllum,scandens, Myrisphyllum,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Tuberous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,5,6,8","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum,NPQ,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum, Eurasian Watermilfoil ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum, Eurasian watermilfoil,"seeds germ readily in water both in dark or in bright diffuse light in greenhouse, after 18mths dry storage; 3 effective treatments were freezing achenes in tap water for 2-3wks; freezing in tap water 2wk -drying 1wk; drying 2wks -freezing 1wk",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum, Spiked water-milfoil ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum, Eurasian watermilfoil,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum, spiked water-milfoil,"Proposed Declared Weed.Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: woodland, wasteland, arable land, roadsides, riverbanks, coastal dunesCultivated for: ornament","Origin: N Amer, Europe, Asia & Africa",Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum, spiked water-milfoil,"Proposed Declared Weed.Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: woodland, wasteland, arable land, roadsides, riverbanks, coastal dunesCultivated for: ornament","Origin: N Amer, Europe, Asia & Africa",Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum, Weed Science List
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum, "Eurasianwatermilfoil, spiked watermilfoil","Myriophyllum spicatum, an aggressive invader, has become one of the dreaded, submersed, halophyte weeds of the Northern Hemisphere and around the world. It is a problem in more than 50 countries, and long distance dispersal is believed to be due to the aq","Northern Hemisphere, westwards in a band from Japan through Asia, northward through N Afr to all of Eur, including the western part of the former Soviet Union. It is present over much of Canada and the US; troublesome in Indonesia and the south of Afr.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum, eurasian watermilfoil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum,Eurasian watermilfoil,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Myriophyllum,spicatum*,Eurasian water-milfoil,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. *P =Prohibited by Florida Department ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Myriophyllum,verrucosum,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myriophyllum,verrucosum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Myriophyllum,indicum, Weed Science List
  • Hamamelidaceae
  • Hamamelis,macrophylla, southern witchhazel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hamamelis,virginiana, witchhazel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Liquidambar,styraciflua, sweetgum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Heliotropiaceae
  • Heliotropium,europaeum, "barooga weed, bishop's beard, caterpillar weed, heliotrope, potato weed, European heliotrope","Heliotropium europaeum infests 26 crops in 39 countries. It is a serious weed of pastures in Aust and Italy, and of cotton in Iran. ","subtropics and temperate zones, although some of the weedy species thrive in tropical agricultural zones as well",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Hepat.-Ricciaceae
  • Riccia,fluitans,syn Euriccia,Crystalwort,P,"Size: Variable, An aquatic moss? This plant hovers atop the surface of the water. It is composed of a mass of green stringy material & is related to liverworts. Prefers a pH between 6.3 and 6.9.",From: Many Geographical Regions,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hepaticae
  • Ricciocarpus,natans, Ricciocarpus," Aquatic weed, free-floating ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Hippocastanaceae
  • Aesculus,arguta, Texas buckeye,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Aesculus,californica, California buckeye,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Aesculus,glabra, Ohio buckeye,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Aesculus,hippocastanum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Aesculus,octandra, yellow buckeye,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Aesculus,pavia, red buckeye,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Aesculus,sylvatica, painted buckeye,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hostaceae
  • Hosta,montana, , Miyagi ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Hyacinthaceae
  • Albucca,canadensis,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hyacinthoides,hispanica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hyacinthoides,hispanica, "Region of origin - SE Eur, A AFr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Hyacinthoides,non-scripta,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hyacinthoides,non-scripta, Region of origin - W Eur; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Hyacinthoides,non-scriptus,syn. Endymion,"83% germ of moistened seed prechilled for 10wks at 4C; seeds must be kept under constant moist conditions, don't not allow to dry out",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lachenalia,aloides,"lachenalia, Cape cowslip",XXS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lachenalia,bulbifera,Rooinaltjie,S,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lachenalia,bulbifera, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - throughout Perth; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Lachenalia,mutabilis,lachenalia,S,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lachenalia,mutabilis, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Lachenalia,reflexa,"Cape cowslip, lachenalia",HS,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Muscari,armeniacum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Muscari,armeniacum, Weed Science List
  • Muscari,atlanticum,grape hyacinth,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Muscari,botryoides, common grapehyacinth,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Muscari,botryoides,grape hyacinth,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Muscari,comosum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Muscari,comosum, Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Muscari,comosum, Weed Science List
    Muscari,comosus,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Muscari,neglectum, Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Muscari,racemosum, Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Muscari,racemosum, Weed Science List
  • Muscari,racemosum, starch grapehyacinth,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Muscari,racemosum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ornithogalum,arabicum,Star of Bethlehem,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ornithogalum,arabicum, Weed Science List
  • Ornithogalum,caudatum, Weed Science List
  • Ornithogalum,longibracteatu, "Region of origin - S Afr, trop E Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Ornithogalum,longibracteatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ornithogalum,nutans, Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Ornithogalum,pyramidale,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ornithogalum,pyramidale, Weed Science List
  • Ornithogalum,pyrenaicum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ornithogalum,pyrenaicum, Weed Science List
  • Ornithogalum,thyrsoides,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ornithogalum,thyrsoides, Weed Science List
  • Ornithogalum,umbellatum,"cape lily, sleepydick, star-of-Bethlehem",XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ornithogalum,umbellatum, Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Ornithogalum,umbellatum, Weed Science List
  • Ornithogalum,umbellatum, ,star-of-Bethlehem,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ornithogalum,umbellatum,star of Bethlehem,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Hydrocharitaceae
  • Blyxa,japonica, Weed Science List
  • Blyxa,japonica, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Blyxa ,aubertii var. echinosperma,"syn Hydrotrophus echinospermus, Blyxa echinosperma","in stagnant or slow -flowing water; in pools, ditches & marshes, in sunny or shaded places; from 0-1300m alt; flowering all year round; seeds germinte immediately after release; lowland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, although often abundant, roo","tropical Asia, SE USA, S & E Asia, S Afr, India, Ceylon, Burma, Indochina, China, Japan, Korea, throughout Malesia to tropical Aust, Pacific Islands; Indonesia: so far known from Sumatra, Java, the Moluccas & Irian Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Egeria,densa,"Anacharis densa, Elodea densa, Elodea canadensis var. gigantea","leafy elodea, dense waterweed, egeria, anacharis, Brazilian elodea",HX,L,SA; NT; WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Egeria,densa, Brazilian Waterweed ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Egeria,densa, Dense Waterweed,Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Small to medium shruba(Perennial herb). RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 10,"Introduced deliberately from: S Am and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Egeria,densa," Anacharis densa, Elodea densa",Egeria,vegetative propagation with daylight intensities of 10ft-c,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Egeria,densa," Anacharis densa, Elodea densa, Elodea canadensis var. gigantea","leafy elodea, dense waterweed, egeria, anacharis, Brazilian elodea","dense growth below water surface, seriously retard water flow, interfering with irrigation, hydro electric output & urban water supplies","native of eastern S Amer (Arg, Brz, Uruguay), but is naturalised, in Chile, Mex, USA, Eng, NZ & Aust, because of aquarium trade""introd to Aust, aquarium plant; nat in Lake Annand, Darling Downs & in Ekibin Creek near Brisbane Qld, at North Rocks, Sydney","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Egeria,densa, giant waterweed,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Egeria,densa, Leafy elodea N # ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mo","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Egeria,densa, "leafy elodea, dense waterweed, egeria", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Egeria,densa, Elodea," Aquatic weed, submerged ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Egeria,densa, egeria,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Egeria,densa, "leafy elodea, dense waterweed, egeria",P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Egeria,densa,Brazilian elodea,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Elodea,(Egeria), densa Waterweed ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Elodea,canadensis, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Elodea,canadensis,Anacharis canadensis,"elodea, Canadian pondweed, American elodea, oxygen weed, waterweed",HX,NL,SA; NT; WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Elodea,canadensis, Canadian Pondweed,Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Small to medium shruba(Perennial herb). RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 10,"Introduced deliberately from: N AM and Commercially Available, In Victoria: ?Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Elodea,canadensis, Elodea,uniforms cultures obtained by excising shoots from a single clone; basal portions of shoots placed in soil in small clay pots & submerged in water,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Elodea,canadensis, Anacharis canadensis,"elodea, Canadian pondweed, American elodea, oxygen weed, waterweed","most important submerged aquatic weeds blocking irrigation channels in south-eastern Aust; dense infestations reduce water flow by 60-80%, alter aquatic environ-light, pH, O2 content & temp red. -alters the sol. of dissolved salts, nuts & hence fish","native of temp N Amer, colonised European waterways in late 19thC & now occurs in most temp countries of world; introd NZ""introd to Tasmania, occurs in Derwent, Macquarie & Jordan Rivers & Brumby's Creek as well as in dams & pools; dominant weed of Murra","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Elodea,canadensis, Elodea N ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Elodea,canadensis, "elodea, Canadian pondweed", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Elodea,canadensis, elodea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Elodea,canadensis, "elodea, Canadian pondweed",P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Elodea,canadesis,syn ,"elodea, Canadian pondweed, blackweed, oxygenweed, riverweed, yankee-weed, American elodea","Elodea canadensis has become weedy in 45 countries. It behaves as a weed mainly in the north temperate zone but is also a weed in the thermal tropical zone in Mexico, Argentina, Egypt, Mauritius, Thailand and from north to south in India. In southeast Aus","very widely distributed, found from the north coast of the Gulf of Bothnia, which is 1 degree from the Arctic Circle (66 degree 30'N), to lat 40 degree to 45 degree S in Tasmania and New Zealand.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Elodea,densa, "Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hydrilla,verticillata, water thyme,", ",Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Hydrilla,verticillata, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Hydrilla,verticillata,"Hottonia serrata, Hydrilla angustifolia, Hydrilla dentata, Hydrilla ovalifolia, Hydrilla wightii, Leptanthes verticillatus, Serpicula verticillata, Vallisneria verticillata","hydrilla, Florida elodea, water thyme",NLP,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hydrilla,verticillata, Hydrilla ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Hydrilla,verticillata, Hydrilla ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Hydrilla,verticillata, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Hydrilla,verticillata," Hottonia serrata, Hydrilla angustifolia, Hydrilla dentata, Hydrilla ovalifolia, Hydrilla wightii, Leptanthes verticillatus, Serpicula verticillata, Vallisneria verticillata","hydrilla, Florida elodea, water thyme","this native not problem in Aust & is ecologically beneficial; but restricts water movement, interfers with hydro-electric output, irrigation projects, river traffic & recreational pursuits in the USA; spread can be quite rapid","endemic in parts of Eur, Afr, India, SE Asia & Aust; spread to & nat. in Fiji, Panama, NZ & USA""occurs in broad bands along northern & eastern coasts, Murray-Darling River system, & near Perth WA""","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Hydrilla,verticillata, Hydrilla ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Hydrilla,verticillata, "hydrilla, water thyme",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Hydrilla,verticillata, hydrilla,Weed Science List
  • Hydrilla,verticillata, Hydrilla," Aquatic weed, submerged ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Hydrilla,verticillata,"syn Serpicula verticillata, Hydrilla lithuanica","in ditches, pools, ponds, marshes, shallow, muddy rivers; often abundant; also in tidal waters; ti can go down to 6-7m, in which case, it will not reach the surface; in turbulent waters the plant remains bottom-bound; from 0-2000m alt; lowland-irrigated, ","Asia?, from S & E Eur, Afr, S&E Asia, Aust, very common in W Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Hydrilla,verticillata, "hydrilla, water thyme, water weed",Hydrilla verticillata is ranked by Soerjani (1986. Environmental considerations in the novel approach of aquatic vegetation management. pp. 33-49. In:Weeds and the environment in the tropics. Proc. 10th Asian-Pacific Weed Sci. Soc. Conf.) as one of the th,"Distribution: There is a common but incorrect belief that Hydrilla is a tropcial species. It persists above 50 degree N in Ireland, in the former Soviet Union and it has extended its range significantly to the north in the US. In theSouthern Hemisphere, the weed",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Hydrilla,verticillata, hydrilla,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hydrilla,verticillata,hydrilla,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Hydrilla,verticillata,hydrilla,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.*P =Prohibited by Flo",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Hydrocharis,dubia, Frogbit," Aquatic weed, floating-leaves ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Hydrocleys,nymphoides, Water Poppy,Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 10,"Introduced deliberately from: S AM, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lagarasiphon,spp., Lagarasiphon, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Lagarosiphon,major, Region of origin - southern Afr; Extent of spread - eradicated?; Means of spread - Aquaria,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Lagarosiphon,major,Elodea crispa,"lagarosiphon, oxygen weed",E,NL,NSW; Vic; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lagarosiphon,major, Elodea crispa,"lagarosiphon, oxygen weed","an aggressive freshwater weed which has the ability to grow as submersed, free-floating masses in deep cold water reservoirs at depths between 20cm & 5m, extending to 7m","native of southern Afr, widespd throughout world; nat. in Eng, Channel Is. northern France, Italy & NZ""recorded in aquaria in Sydney, found in farm dam near Melb, from which it has been removed; not known to be nat. in Aust""","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Lagarosiphon,major, Lagarosiphon N # ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Lagarosiphon,major, lagarosiphon ,Weed Science List
  • Lagarosiphon,major, lagarosiphon ,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lagarosiphon,roxburghii, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Lagarosiphon,roxburghii, P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Limnobium,spongia, frogbit,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ottelia,alismoides, Waterplantain," Aquatic weed, submerged ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Ottelia,alismoides,"syn Ottelia javanica, Stratiotes alismoides","in slow-moving or stagnant water with muddy bottom, in pools & ditches; in Java from 0-1000m alt; oftne gregarious; lowland-irrigated & lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, Petioles & leaves are eaten as a vegetable; leaf decoction is used again","Asia, SE USA, NE Afr, in SE Asia from Middle East to India, China & Japan, throughout Malesia; tropical Aust, Solomon Islands; introd in Italian rice fields; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ottelia,spp.,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ottelia,spp., P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Stratiotes,aloides,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Stratiotes,aloides, Weed Science List
  • Stratiotes,aloides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Vallisneria,americana,V. gigantea,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Vallisneria,americana, Vallisneria spiralis,Vallisneria,"71% germ of seed stored in water at room temp in 2mths, seed stored in water at 1-3C 72-87% after 2, 5, & 7mths of storage; seed dry stored at room temp or 1-3C failed to germ; germ in water in difuse light on greenhouse bench; vegetative propagation-buds",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Vallisneria,americana, Weed Science List
  • Vallisneria,americana, vallisneria,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Vallisneria,spiralis, "eelweed, ribbon weed, tape grass","Vallisneria spiralis, commonly called eelgrass, is a rooted, submerged annual or perennial, which can reprodce by seed, winter bud, or sturdy creeping stolons. It is found in some lowland crops and its ubiquitous presence in irrigation canals and large an",widely distributed on all continents,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Vallisneria,spp.,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Vallisneria,spp., P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hydrophyllaceae
  • Ellisia,nyctelea, nyctelea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eriodictyon,angustifolium, narrowleaf yerbasanta,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eriodictyon,californicum, California yerbasanta,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eriodictyon,crassifolium var. niveum, woolly yerbasanta,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hydrolea,glabra, Weed Science List
  • Hydrolea,glabra, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hydrolea,graminifolia, Weed Science List
  • Hydrolea,graminifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hydrolea,spinosa,syn ,"sunny or lightly shaded, permanently or periodically wet or swampy sites, pools, irrigation channels, fallow rice fields; usually in groups, locally often abundant; 0-200m alt; rainfed & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, the plant is intensiv","tropical Amer; introd near Jakarta a long time ago; W Java, northern part of W Java","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Hydrolea,uniflora, oneflower hydrolea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hydrolea,zeylanica,"syn Hydrolea inermis, Hydrolea javanica, Beloanthera oppositifolia","in permanently or periodically swampy or inundated sites; in areas with or without a pronounceddey season; pools, riverbanks; often occurring gregariously; from 0-1000m alt; lowland-irrigated rice fields, a weed of minor importance, young shoots are eaten","India, India, W Malesia, Philippines; throughout Indonesia, except the Moluccas & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Hydrophyllum,capitatum, less than 3% germ of seeds after cold stratification for 11mths; germ at 18C in dark; all other methods tried unsuccessful in promoting germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Phacelia,campanularia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Phacelia,heterophylla, 64% germ at 20C in dark & 60% at 15C; 52% germ alt. temp of 20-30C in dark & 28% in alt. light/dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Phacelia,leucophylla, 76% at 15 &20C in dark & 72% at 20-30C; 52% germ at 20-30C alt. in dark & 28% in alt. light/dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Phacelia,linearis, 44% high germ at 20-30C alt. in dark; prechilling detrimental to germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Phacelia,purshii, Pursh phacelia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Phacelia,tanacetifolia,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phacelia,tanacetifolia, Weed Science List
  • Phacelia,tanacetifolia, tansy phacelia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Wigandia,caracasana,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Wigandia,caracasana, Weed Science List
  • Wigandia,urens,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hypnaceae
  • Vesicularia,dubyana , var. abbreviata var. cochlearifolia ,Java Moss,P,Height 5- -> cm Width 5- -> cm Light requirements low-high Temperature 15-28 C Hardness tolerance soft-hard pH tolerance acid-basicEasiness easyVesicularia dubyana - the Java Moss - inhabits the amphibious zone of forest streams in South East Asi,South-East Asia,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Icacinaceae
  • Icacina,senegalensis, Weed Science List
  • Icacina,senegalensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Iridaceae
  • Anomatheca,laxa,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anomatheca,laxa, Weed Science List
  • Aristea,ecklonii, Aristea,"Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Rhizomatous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,8","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Aristea,ecklonii,Aristea,XS,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Aristea,ecklonii, Region of origin - S atrop W Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Babiana,angustifolia,"Babiana stricta, B. disticha","baboon flower, babiana",XXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Babiana,disticha, Weed Science List
  • Babiana,nana,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Babiana,nana,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Babiana,stricta, Baboon flower,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,5","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Babiana,stricta, Weed Science List
  • Babiana,tubulosa,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Babiana,tubulosa, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Barnardiella,spiralis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Chasmanthe,bicolor,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Chasmanthe,bicolor, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Chasmanthe,floribunda,Chasmanthe aethiopica,African corn-flag,HHXHS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chasmanthe,floribunda, African Corn-flag,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,6,8","Introduced deliberately from: S Af (garden origin) and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Chasmanthe,floribunda, Weed Science List
  • Crocosmia,crocosmiiflora, Monbretia ,GROUNDCOVERS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Crocosmia,crocosmiifolia, Weed Science List
  • Crocosmia,sp.,X crocosmiifolia,Weed Science List
  • Crocosmia,X crocosmiiflora,montbretia,HHXXS,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Crocosmia,x crocosmiiflora, Montbretia,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,6,7,8","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Dierama,pendulum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dierama,pendulum, Weed Science List
  • Dierama,pulcherrimum, Weed Science List
  • Dierema,pulcherrimum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dietes,bicolor,fortnight lily,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dietes,iridioides,Dietes,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dietes,robinsoniana,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dietes,robinsoniana, Region of origin - Lord Howe Is.; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Ferraria,crispa,black fig,XX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ferraria,crispa, Black Fig,Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,"Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ferraria,crispa, Weed Science List
  • Freesia,hybrid,F. alba X F. leichtlinii,"freesia, common freesia, wild freesia",XHXXXH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Freesia,leichtlinii,Freesia,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Freesia,leichtlinii, Freesia,"Dispersal: Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Freesia,leichtlinii,X refracta,Weed Science List
  • Galaxia,fugacissima,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Galaxia,fugacissima, Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,alatus,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gladiolus,alatus, Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,angustus,long tubed painted lady,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gladiolus,angustus, Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,cardinalis,waterfall gladiolus,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gladiolus,cardinalis, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Gladiolus,cardinalis, Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,carneus,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gladiolus,carneus, Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,caryophyllaceus,"wild gladiolus, Sandveldlelie",H,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gladiolus,caryophyllaceus, wild gladiolus,Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,communis,byzantine gladiolus,XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gladiolus,communis, Byzantine Gladiolus,Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,"Introduced deliberately from: S&SW Eur,NW Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Gladiolus,communis, Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,floribundus,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gladiolus,floribundus, Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,gueinzii,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gladiolus,gueinzii, Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,natalensis,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gladiolus,natalensis, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Gladiolus,segetum, Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Gladiolus,segetum, Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,segetum, syn. Acidanthera,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Gladiolus,sp.,gladioulus,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gladiolus,sp., Gladioulus,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Gladiolus,sp.,X cardinalis,Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,sp.,X gandavensis,Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,tristis,evening-flower gladiolus,HX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gladiolus,tristis, Evening-flower Gladiolus,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,8,9","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Gladiolus,tristis, Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,undulatus,"gladiolus, ",HHH,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gladiolus,undulatus, Gladiolus,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8,9","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Gladiolus,undulatus, Weed Science List
  • Gladiolus,x gandavensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gynandriris,setifolia,thread Iris,HXH,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gynandriris,setifolia, Thread Iris,"Dispersal: ?Water,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,9,11","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Gynandriris,setifolia, Weed Science List
  • Herbertia,lahue,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Herbertia,lahue, Weed Science List
  • Hesperantha,falcata,hesperantha,H,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hesperantha,falcata, Weed Science List
  • Hexaglottis,lewisiae,yellow hexaglottis,HH,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hexaglottis,lewisiae, Yellow Hexaglottis,Dispersal: ?Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,"S AF, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Hexaglottis,lewisiae, Weed Science List
  • Homeria,collina,GL,NSW; SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Homeria,flaccida,"Homeria breyniana, Homeria collina",one-leaf cape tulip,HHXH,GL,NSW; Vic; SA; WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Homeria,flaccida, One-leaf Cape Tulip,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,9","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Homeria,flaccida," Homeria breyniana, Homeria collina",one-leaf cape tulip,"poisonous to stock, all parts of plant being toxic whether green or dry; carrying capacity decreased & pasture plants replaced","originated in southern Afr; introd Aust & NZ""introd as ornamental plant, important weed & widely distributed in WA & SA, NS W&Vic only scattered areas remain now & small infestations in Tas ""","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Homeria,flaccida, one-leaf cape tulip, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Homeria,flaccida, one-leaf cape tulip,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Homeria,miniata,"two-leaf cape tulip, rootulup",HHH,NL,NSW; Vic; SA; WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Homeria,miniata, Two-leaf Cape Tulip,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: ?","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Homeria,miniata, "two-leaf cape tulip, rootulup","poisonous to stock, all parts of plant being toxic whether green or dry; carrying capacity decreased & pasture plants replaced","originated in southern Afr; introd Aust & NZ""introd as ornamental plant, important weed & widely distributed in WA & SA, NS W&Vic only scattered areas remain now & small infestations in Tas ""","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Homeria,miniata, two-leaf cape tulip, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Homeria,miniata, two-leaf cape tulip,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Homeria,ochroleuca,yellow flowered cape tulip,XXX,G,NSW; SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Homeria,ochroleuca, Cape Tulip,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: ?","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: ?",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Homeria,ochroleuca, Weed Science List
  • Homeria,spp., cape tulips,P,Prohibited entry by AQIS,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Homeria,spp., Cape tulips ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mo","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Homoglossum,watsonianum,homoglossum,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Homoglossum,watsonium, Weed Science List
  • Iris,douglasiana, Douglas Iris ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Iris,foetidissima,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Iris,foetidissima, Weed Science List
  • Iris,germanica, Weed Science List
  • Iris,"germanica,x germanica","German iris, orris(root)",X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Iris,missouriensis, Western Blue Flag ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Iris,missouriensis, Rocky Mountain iris,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Iris,orientalis,yellowband iris,S,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Iris,orientalis, "Region of origin - W Turkey, E Aegean Is.; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Iris,orientalis, Weed Science List
  • Iris,prismatica, seeds planted in soil flats held outdoors for 83days germ 45% with 21-35days after transfer to greenhouse; seed planted directly into greenhouse no germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Iris,pseudacorus,"yellow water Iris, yellow flag iris",Hw,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Iris,pseudacorus, Region of origin - E Medit; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Iris,pseudacorus, Yellow flag iris,"removal of cap covering embryo inc. germ % after soaking 24hrs in water, at 28-33C in sterilized sand",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Iris,pseudacorus, Yellowflag iris ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Iris,pseudacorus, yellowflag iris,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Iris,pseudocorus, "pale-yellow iris, European yellow iris",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Iris,psuedacorus, Yellow Water Iris,"Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,10","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,W As,N Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Iris,sibirica, "removal of cap covering embryo inc. germ % after soaking 24hrs in water, at 28-33C in sterilized sand",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Iris,spuria,"seashore iris, butterfly Iris",X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Iris,spuria, "Region of origin - Eur, Asia; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Iris,spuria, Iris,Dispersal: ?Wind. Life Form: Rhizomatous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,"Introduced deliberately from: Eur,W As,N Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Iris,unguicularis,winter flowering iris,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Iris,unguicularis, Weed Science List
  • Iris,versicolor, Blue flag iris,seeds planted directly into greenhouse germ 5% in 106-265 days; seeds planted in soil flats held outdoors for 71days germ 26% in 21-42days after transfer to greenhouse,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Iris,versicolor, blueflag iris,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Iris,xiphium,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Iris,xiphium, Region of origin - SW Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Ixia,flexuosa,Ixia,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ixia,flexuosa, Ixia,"Dispersal: Vegetative,?Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ixia,flexuosa, Weed Science List
  • Ixia,hybrid/cultivar,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ixia,hybrida, Weed Science List
  • Ixia,longituba,ixia,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ixia,longituba, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Ixia,maculata,yellow ixia,XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ixia,maculata, Yellow Ixia,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,45","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ixia,maculata, Weed Science List
  • Ixia,paniculata,Ixia,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ixia,paniculata, Ixia,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ixia,paniculata, Weed Science List
  • Ixia,polystachya,Variable Ixia,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ixia,polystachya, Variable Ixia,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,5","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ixia,polystachya, Weed Science List
  • Ixia,viridiflora,green ixia,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ixia,viridiflora, Region of origin - southern Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Ixia,viridiflora, Green Ixia,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ixia,viridiflora, Weed Science List
  • Moraea,aristata,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Moraea,aristata, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Moraea,aristata, Weed Science List
  • Moraea,bellendenii,moraea,H,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Moraea,bellendenii, Moraea,"Dispersal: Vegetative,?Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Moraea,bellendenii, Weed Science List
  • Moraea,fugax,peacock lily,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Moraea,fugax, Weed Science List
  • Moraea,pavonia, Weed Science List
  • Moraea,pavonis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Moraea,vegeta,moraea,HX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Moraea,vegeta, Moraea,"Dispersal: Vegetative,?Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Moraea,vegeta, Weed Science List
  • Romulea,bulbocodium, Romulea,"Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,9","Introduced deliberately from: Med,E Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Romulea,flava,"frutang, yellow-flowered onion-grass",H,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Romulea,flava, Weed Science List
  • Romulea,minutiflora,small onion-grass,HXX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Romulea,minutiflora, Small Onion-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5","S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Romulea,minutiflora, Weed Science List
  • Romulea,obscura,romulea,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Romulea,obscura, Weed Science List
  • Romulea,rosea,"common onion-grass, guilford grass",HH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Romulea,rosea,common onion-grass,HH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Romulea,rosea,common onion-grass,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Romulea,rosea, var. reflexa,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Romulea,rosea, Weed Science List
  • Romulea,rosea var. australis, Common Onion-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,9","S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Romulea,rosea var. reflexa, Common Onion-grass,"Dispersal: animal external,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,8,9","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Schizostylis,coccinea,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sisyrinchium,bermudiana, Weed Science List
  • Sisyrinchium,exile, Weed Science List
  • Sisyrinchium,iridifolium,"striped rush-leaf, blue pigroot",XXX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sisyrinchium,iridifolium, Striped Rush-leaf,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8,9","Introduced deliberately from: S Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Sisyrinchium,iridifolium, Weed Science List
  • Sisyrinchium,micranthum, Weed Science List
  • Sisyrinchium,sp.,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sisyrinchium,sp., Region of origin - N or S Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Sisyrinchium,sp. A,S. exile in WA?,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sparaxis,bulbifera,harlequin-flower,HHH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sparaxis,bulbifera, Weed Science List
  • Sparaxis,grandiflora,sparaxis,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sparaxis,pillansii,S. tricolor,"harlequin flower, wandflower, tricolor harleqin-flower",HHX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sparaxis,tricolor, Weed Science List
  • Sparaxis ,bulbifera, Harlequin-flower,"Dispersal: Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Sparaxis ,tricolor, Tricolor Harleqin-flower,"Dispersal: Vegetative,?Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Synnotia,villosa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Synnotia,villosa, Weed Science List
  • Thereianthus,minutus, Watsonia minuta,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Tritonia,crocata,orange tritonia,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Tritonia,crocata, Orang Tritonia,"Dispersal: ?Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Tritonia,crocata, Weed Science List
  • Tritonia,crocosmaeflora, crocus tritonia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Tritonia,lineata,lined tritonia,XXX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Tritonia,lineata, Lined Tritonia,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Tritonia,lineata, Weed Science List
  • Tritonia,squalida,"tritonia, Kalkoentjie",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Tritonia,squalida, Tritonia,Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: ?,"Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Tritonia,squalida, Weed Science List
  • Watsonia,aletroides,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Watsonia,aletroides, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Watsonia,aletroides, Weed Science List
  • Watsonia,borbonica,cape buglelily,H,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Watsonia,bulbillifera,Watsonia meriana (misapplied),"wild watsonia, bulbil watsonia, bugle lily, Merian's bugle lily, watsonia",XHXXH,GL,Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Watsonia,bulbillifera, Watsonia meriana (misapplied),"wild watsonia, bulbil watsonia, bugle lily, Merian's bugle lily, watsonia","does not invade improved pastures or cultivated land, is of little agric. importance; poisonous to stock; plant favours moist conditions & withstands flooding for several weeks, also grows well on higher well drained sites","originated in southern Afr, has been widely spread & considered weedy only in southern Aust & NZ""introd as garden plant; appears in all states ex NT; confined to coastal areas of NSW, widespd Vic, SA & WA along roadsides, railways & neglected moister par","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Watsonia,bulbillifera, Weed Science List
  • Watsonia,bulbillifera, "wild watsonia, bulbil watsonia",Weed Science List
  • Watsonia,bulbillifera, "wild watsonia, bulbil watsonia",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Watsonia,leipoldtii, Weed Science List
  • Watsonia,marginata,fairy watsonia,XH,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Watsonia,marginata, Watsonia,Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,"Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Watsonia,marginata, Weed Science List
  • Watsonia,meriana, Watsoonia,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Watsonia,meriana, Weed Science List
  • Watsonia,meriana ,bulbil watsonia,XHXX,GL,SA; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Watsonia,meriana cv Bulbillifera, Bulbil Watsonia,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,5,6,8,9","Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Watsonia,meriana subsp. bulbillifera, Bulbil watsonia * ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Movement prohibited on roads (Section 52(2) applies)","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Watsonia,pyramidata, Weed Science List
  • Watsonia,spp.,watsonia,XXXXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Watsonia,versfeldii,watsonia,HX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Watsonia,versfeldii, Watsonia,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Cormous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: ?","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Watsonia,versfeldii, Weed Science List
  • Watsonia,wordsworthiana, Weed Science List
  • 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966 
  • Juglandaceae
  • Carya,aquatica, water hickory,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carya,cordiformis, bitternut hickory,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carya,floridana, scrub hickory,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carya,glabra, pignut hickory,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carya,illinoensis, pecan,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carya,laciniosa, shellbark hickory,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carya,leiodermis, swamp hickory,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carya,ovata, shagbark hickory,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carya,pallida, sand hickory,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carya,texana, black hickory,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carya,tomentosa, mockernut hickory,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carya,X lecontei, bitter pecan,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Juglans,cinerea, butternut,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Juglans,microcarpa, river walnut,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Juglans,nigra, black walnut,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Juglans,regia,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juglans,regia, Region of origin - SE Eur to China; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - agriculture - nuts,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Juncaceae
  • Juncus,acuminatus,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,acuminatus, Region of origin - N & S Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Juncus,acuminatus, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,acutiflorus,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,acutus,"spiny rush, sharp rush, sharp-pointed rush",HXH,L,Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,acutus, 86% germ of seed on moist filter paper at 20C with 125 foot-candles continuous light within 5days completed within 10days ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Juncus,acutus, "spiny rush, sharp rush, sharp-pointed rush",not readily eaten by grazing animals; once est. completely covers area & eliminates all other vegetation & area becomes impenetrable to stock & humans because of sharp spines,"wide native range including Medit region, W Eur, W N Amer, S Amer & souther Afr & NZ; some evidence may be native to Aust, but not confirmed""common in NSW, Vic, SA particularly on low fertility disturbed areas mine dumps, coastal flats & moist low lying ","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Juncus,acutus, spiny rush,Weed Science List
  • Juncus,acutus*, Sharp Rush,"Dispersal: animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8,9,11","Med,Eur,S Af,Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Juncus,amabilis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,aridicola,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,articulatus,Jointed Rush,HXAX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,articulatus, Jointed Rush,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10,15","N Hem, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Juncus,articulatus, "96% germ of seed stored in dark at 1-3C in tap water for 5-7mths, germ in jars of tap water in diffuse light in greenhouse",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Juncus,articulatus, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,balticus, Baltic rush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Juncus,bufonis, Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Juncus,bufonius,toad rush,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,bufonius, Toad rush,optimum germ temp 2-5C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Juncus,bufonius,syn ,Toad rush,"Nile and canal banks, lake margins, moist ground around wells & springs","almost cosmopolitan, absent from extremely hot & polar regions","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Juncus,bufonius, toad rush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Juncus,bulbosus,Bulbous Rush,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,bulbosus, Bulbous Rush,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10","Eur,N Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Juncus,bulbosus, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,canadensis,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,canadensis, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,capensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,capensis, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,capillaceus,Rush,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,capillaceus, Rush,"Dispersal: animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,9","temp S Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Juncus,capillaceus, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,capitatus,Capitate Rush,XXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,capitatus, Capitate Rush,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5,6,9","Euras,Af,NZ, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Juncus,capitatus, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,cognatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,cognatus, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,compressus, 99% germ in 1st spring after harvest; seeds place in germinator soon afer harvest exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Juncus,conglomeratus,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,conglomeratus, "Region of origin - Eur ot NE Asia, N Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Juncus,conglomeratus, vegetative reproduction & seeds; fruit ripened in summer & germ in autumn,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Juncus,effusus,soft rush,HA,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,effusus, Soft Rush,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,9,15","temp N Hem, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Juncus,effusus, Juncus communis,Soft rush,"vegetative reproduction by rhizomes; seed germ in water or soil, darkness has repressive effect, but once light introduced germ inc. rapidly",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Juncus,effusus, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,effusus, , Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Juncus,effusus, soft rush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Juncus,filiformis, "vegetative reproduction by rhizome buds; seeds sown on moist filter paper in lab, germ only in light; seeds dry stored viable for 2yrs",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Juncus,fontanesii,Rush,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,fontanesii, ssp. fontanesii,"Region of origin - S Eur, Turkey, northern Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Juncus,fontanesii, Rush,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: ?","S Eur,Turkey,NA, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Juncus,fontanesii, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,fontanesii subsp. pyramidatus,syn J. pyramidatus ,"Moist ground, marshes, around springs & wells, canal banks, ditchesd, lake borders","Medit, E Asia to Iraq","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Juncus,gerardi, saltmeadow rush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Juncus,gerardii,Rush,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,gerardii, Rush,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: ?","Euras,N Af,N Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Juncus,glomeratus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,hybridus,syn ,Hybrid rush,"Nile and canal banks, lake margins, moist ground around springs & wells","Medit, W Eur, W Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Juncus,imbricatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,imbricatus, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,indescriptus,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,indescriptus, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Juncus,inflexus,hard rush,Xw,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,inflexus, "Region of origin - A Afr, India, Eurasia; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Juncus,inflexus, Rush,"Dispersal: animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Euras,N Af.India, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Juncus,inflexus, Juncus glaucus,vegetative reproduction by buds at base of shoots & rhizome tips; seeds only germ in light; prechilling unnecessary,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Juncus,lampocarpus, Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Juncus,marginatus, ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Juncus,marginatus, shore rush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Juncus,maritimus, var. arabicus ,"60-75% germ of dry stored seed for 6-23 mths, on moistened filter paper at 15, 20, 26 or 30C in continuous light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Juncus,microcephalus,Rush,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,microcephalus, Rush,"Dispersal: animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,2,4,5,6,8,9","S Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Juncus,microcephalus, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,nodosus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,nodosus, "Region of origin - Eur, Asia; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Juncus,oxycarpus,Rush,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,oxycarpus, Rush,"Dispersal: animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8","S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Juncus,oxycarpus, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,phaeocephalus, brownhead rush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Juncus,polyanthemos,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,prismatocarpus,syn ,"in pools, marshy plains, swampy riverbanks; locally common; between 1000 & 3000m alt; lowland& rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, some varieties differ in habit & the multi-or unitubular stems","SE Asia, Ceylon, SE to E Asia, Aust, NZ; in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Juncus,roemerianus, needle rush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Juncus,squarrosus,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,squarrosus, "Region of origin - Eur, Iceland, Greenland, Morocco; Extent of spread - locally abundant; Means of spread - unknown",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Juncus,subnodulosus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,subnodulosus, vegetative reproduction by rhizomes; seed germ % high on filter paper in light,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Juncus,subnodulosus, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,tenuis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Juncus,tenuis, Juncus macer,Slender rush,seeds germ only in light on moist filter paper under lab conditions; dry stored seed viable for at least 2yrs,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Juncus,tenuis, Weed Science List
  • Juncus,tenuis, slender rush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Juncus,usitatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Luzula,albida, "99% germ of seeds in 1st spring, seeds placed in germinator soon after harvest & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Luzula,campestris,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Luzula,campestris, "95% germ of seeds soon after harvest, seeds placed in germinator soon after harvest & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Luzula,congesta,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Luzula,multiflora,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Luzula,multiflora, "99% germ of seeds soon after harvest, seeds placed in germinator soon after harvest & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Luzula,multiflora, , Oita ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Juncaginaceae
  • Lilaea,scilloides,Lilaea,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lilaea,scilloides, Lilaea,"Dispersal: animal external,Water. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Annual). RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 9","N&S Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lilaea,scilloides, Weed Science List
  • Lilaea,scilloides,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Triglochin,maritima, Seaside arrowgrass,seeds germ in 1st spring after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ 98%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Triglochin,maritima, seaside arrowgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Triglochin,maritimum, Weed Science List
  • Triglochin,maritimum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Triglochin,palustris, Marsh arrowgrass,seeds germ in 1st spring after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ 89%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Triglochin,palustris, marsh arrowgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Triglochin,procera,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Triglochin,procera,= T. procerum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Koeberliniaceae
  • Canotia,holacantha, canotia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Koeberlinia,spinosa, allthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Krameriaceae
  • Krameria,grayi, P,"white ratanyKrameria is a small, purple-floweredshrub of the Colorado Desert region of southeastern California. Theamazing hitchhiker fruits are like miniature versions of thelegendary Uncarina of Madagascar. The fruit is covered withradiating spines",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lamiaceae
  • Acinos,arvensis, Basil Thyme,"Calaminthos acinos, Satureja acinos",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Acinos,arvensis,Labiatae ,Basil Thyme,"Calaminthos acinos, Satureja acinos",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Agastache,urticifolia, low germ %; optimal- constant temp of 15C with alternating light & dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ajuga,chamaepitys, optimum temp range 30-35C ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Ajuga,chamaepitys, Ground Pine,"UK, Mainland Europe except Denmark & NE",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ajuga,chamaepitys,Labiatae ,Ground Pine,"UK, Mainland Europe except Denmark & NE",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ajuga,iva,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ajuga,iva, Weed Science List
  • Ajuga,reptans,common bugle,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ajuga,reptans, All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ajuga,reptans, Labiatae,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Ajuga ,reptans, Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Amethystea,caerulea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ballota,nigra,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ballota,nigra, black horehound,Weed Science List
  • Basilicum,polystachyon,"syn Moschosma polystachyon, Ocymum polystachyon","especially in areas with a pronounced dry season; alongside ditches & watercourses, wet grasslands;scattered, but often abundant; usually in settle ment areas; in Java from 0-600m alt; flowers all year round; the branches wither quickly when the plant is ","SE Asia, tropics of Afr, SE Asia, throughout Malesia; Aust & the Solomon Islands; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Calamintha,nepeta,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Calamintha,nepeta, Weed Science List
  • Cedronella,canariensis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Clinopodium,vulgare,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coleus,spicatus, Weed Science List
  • Dracocephalum,moldavica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dracocephalum,moldavica, Weed Science List
  • Dracocephalum,parviflorum, Moldavica parviflora,American dragonhead,4% germ after 2-18mths dry storage at 21C in dark in petri dishes; other methods unsuccessful,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Dracocephalum,parviflorum, American dragonhead,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Elsholtzia,ciliata, Elsholtzia patrinii,low temps decreased germ % & prolonged period of germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Elsholtzia,ciliata, "E. patrini, E. cristata",Scattered in Eastern Europe and S Sweden,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Elsholtzia,ciliata,Labiatae ,"E. patrini, E. cristata",Scattered in Eastern Europe and S Sweden,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Elsholtzia,ciliata, Weed in rich site ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Elsholtzia,patrini, "perennial dominance, sub-dominance ", Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Galeopsis,angustifolia, Narrow Leaved Hemp Nettle,"G. orophila, G. ladanum subsp. angustifolia","UK, Eire, Mainland Europe, except NE,less in S Sweden",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galeopsis,angustifolia,Labiatae ,Narrow Leaved Hemp Nettle,"G. orophila, G. ladanum subsp. angustifolia","UK, Eire, Mainland Europe, except NE,less in S Sweden",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galeopsis,bifida, Hemp Nettle,G. tetrahit subsp. bifida,"All Europe, except Greece, Portugal, Spain & SW France",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galeopsis,bifida, Weed Science List
  • Galeopsis,bifida, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Galeopsis,ladanum, Red Hemp Nettle,G. intermedia,"All Europe, except Greece, UK & eire",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galeopsis,ladanum,Labiatae ,Red Hemp Nettle,G. intermedia,"All Europe, except Greece, UK & eire",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galeopsis,pubescens, Downy Hemp Nettle,G. tetrahit var pubescens,Central Europe inc Italy,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galeopsis,pubescens,Labiatae ,Downy Hemp Nettle,G. tetrahit var pubescens,Central Europe inc Italy,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galeopsis,segetum, Yellow Hemp Nettle,"G. dubia, G. ochroleuca, G. grandiflora","Central & Western Europe & UK, less in Central",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galeopsis,segetum, Weed Science List
  • Galeopsis,segetum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Galeopsis,speciosa,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Galeopsis,speciosa, Large Flowered Hemp Nettle,"G. sulfurea, G. versicolor","All Europe, except Greece, Eire, Portugal, Spain & SW France",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galeopsis,speciosa, Weed Science List
  • Galeopsis,speciosa, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Galeopsis,tetrahit,Hemp nettle,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Galeopsis,tetrahit, Hemp nettle,"44% germ,10wk old seed soaked for 24hrs in 1000 ppm aqueous soln of K salt of GA; germ at alt. temp of 5-15C in dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Galeopsis,tetrahit, Common Hemp Nettle,"G. praecox, G. reichenbachii",Widespread in Europe & Asia,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Galeopsis,tetrahit, Common Hempnettle,AlS inhibitors 1995 Canada Cereals , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Galeopsis,tetrahit, Hemp nettle,Weed Science List
  • Galeopsis,tetrahit, hempnettle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Galeopsis,tetrahit, Hemp nettle,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Glechoma,hederacea,"Nepeta hederacea, N. glechoma",ground ivy,w,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Glechoma,hederacea, Nepeta glechoma,Ground ivy,"seeds collected in autumn, some stored at room temp, some outdoors in sacks & sunk in a box in ground; both planted in spring in greenhouse -0% germ; 23% germ of seeds collected in Oct & sown in Nov over period of 10-79days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Glechoma,hederacea, Gorund Ivy,G. hindenburgiana,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Glechoma,hederacea,Labiatae ,Gorund Ivy,G. hindenburgiana,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Glechoma,hederacea, "ground ivy, gill-over-the-ground",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Glechoma,hederacea, ground ivy,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Glechoma,hederacea,"syn Nepeta glechoma, N. hederacea",ground ivy,P,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966In Holmes Geog Atlas of Weeds, Weed in Canada, Finland, Germany, Japan, Soviet Union, and USA. Present in New Zealand and Poland FlorasNominated as a potential weed of t","Present in Europe, USA, and NZ. One record from Tasmania, unconfirmed from S. Aust.",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hedeoma,pulegioides, American pennyroyal,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hyptis,brevipes, Weed Science List
    Hyptis,brevipes, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hyptis,brevipes,syn ,"mainly under everwet climatic conditions, rarer in seasonally dry areas; from 0-1200m alt; flowers all year round; rainfed & upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, once found in Bali at 3100m alt. near a fumarole","Mexico, pantropical, along time ago natuaralized in Indonesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Hyptis,capitata,knobweed,LP,NT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hyptis,capitata, knobweed,"native of C Amer from southern Mexico to Panama, it has spread to most of the tropical world, principally as a result of man's commercial activities","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Hyptis,capitata, knobweed,Weed Science List
  • Hyptis,capitata, knobweed,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hyptis,capitata,syn ,"sunny or lightly shaded places; along ditches, in moist scrub & moist parts of teak forests in Java; in some places very common, in other areas scattered; from 0-1300m alt; flowers all year round; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Amer, pantropical, introd in Java in about 1880; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Hyptis,lanceolata, Weed Science List
  • Hyptis,lanceolata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hyptis,pectinata, comb hyptus,", pastures",Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Hyptis,pectinata,comb hyptis,w,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hyptis,pectinata, Region of origin - trop Amer; Extent of spread - localised - spreading; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Hyptis,pectinata, Weed Science List
  • Hyptis,pectinata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hyptis,suaveolens,"hyptis, horehound",XHH,LP,NT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hyptis,suaveolens, "hyptis, horehound","because of its aromatic oils, it is not palatable to stock & becomes a problem in improved pastures; heavy grazing of the more palatable sp reduces their vigour & encourages its development, it becomes dominant, forming dense thickets rendering infested a","native of tropical Amer which has spread to most of the world's tropical regions; it occurs as a weed in Afr, India, Indonesia, PNG, the Pacific Is & Aust","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Hyptis,suaveolens, hyptis,Weed Science List
  • Hyptis,suaveolens, wild spikenard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hyptis,suaveolens, hyptis,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lamium,amplexicaule,syn ,Henbit nettle,"fields, gardens, orchards, often in shaded habitats","Medit, Eur, Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Lamium,amplexicaule,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lamium,amplexicaule, Henbit,fresh seed dormant; dormancy due to water soluble inhibitor which decreases during dry storage; red light treatment overcome inhibition,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lamium,amplexicaule, Henbit Dead Nettle,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lamium,amplexicaule, Weed Science List
  • Lamium,amplexicaule, biennial sub-dominance , Upland Korea Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Lamium,amplexicaule, "dead nettle, henbit, henbit dead nettle, bee nettle, blind nettle","Lamium amplexicaule is an annual or biennial herb, and is at home in more than 50 crops and countries and the contiguous ditch banks, roads, and headlands that are necessary to agriculture. It may be toxic to farm animals under certain conditions.","generally distributed throughout the major agricultural regions of the temperate zones, and is notably absent, with few exceptions, along the equator. Found in Afr, NZ, Aust, Great Britian, Eur",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Lamium,amplexicaule, henbit,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lamium,galeobdolon,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lamium,galeobdolon, forma argentatum,Region of origin - Eur to W Asia; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Lamium,hybridum, Cut Leaved Dead Nettle,"L. incisum, L. hybridum subsp. dissectum",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lamium,hybridum,Labiatae ,Cut Leaved Dead Nettle,"L. incisum, L. hybridum subsp. dissectum",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lamium,maculatum, spotted deadnettle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lamium,molucellifolium, Northern Dead Nettle,L. intermedium = L. purpureum x L. amplexicaule,"NE Europe, UK, Eire & Scandinavia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lamium,molucellifolium,Labiatae ,Northern Dead Nettle,L. intermedium = L. purpureum x L. amplexicaule,"NE Europe, UK, Eire & Scandinavia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lamium,purpureum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lamium,purpureum, Red dead nettle,16% germ only with temp range of 7-35C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lamium,purpureum, Red Dead Nettle,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lamium,purpureum, Weed Science List
  • Lamium,purpureum, red deadnettle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lavandula,angustifolia,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lavandula,angustifolia, Weed Science List
  • Lavandula,dentata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lavandula,dentata, Weed Science List
  • Lavandula,multifida,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lavandula,stoechas,"topped lavender, bush lavender, French lavender, Italian lavender, Spanish lavender",HHXw,NL,Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lavandula,stoechas, Topped Lavender,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,Water,Wind. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5","Introduced deliberately from: Med and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lavandula,stoechas, "topped lavender, bush lavender, French lavender, Italian lavender, Spanish lavender","native of the Medit region, has been widely distributed throughout the world as an ornamental sp; rarely becomes nat. but is established as a weed in parts of Vic & SA","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Lavandula,stoechas, topped lavender,Weed Science List
  • Leonotis,leonurus,lion's tail,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leonotis,leonurus, Weed Science List
  • Leonotis,mollissima, seed germs readily; prechilling on moistened filter paper in plastic bags at 35F for 3days prior planting inc. germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Leonotis,nepetifolia,Phlomis nepetaefolia,"lion's tail, lion's ear",XHHw,NL,NT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leonotis,nepetifolia, Phlomis nepetaefolia,"lion's tail, lion's ear","in its native S Amer, it is often a serious weed of rice & sugarcane; although not yet an aggressive weed in Qld, it has the potential to develop dense colonies & in some areas, could become a problem in sugarcane; it is more aggressive in the NT where, b",native of tropical S Amer has been introd to most areas of the tropics,"Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Leonotis,nepetifolia, lion's tail,Weed Science List
  • Leonurus,cardiaca, Motherwort,some seed germ in 1st & 2nd spring after harvest; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 68% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Leonurus,cardiaca, common motherwort,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Leonurus,cardiaca, motherwort,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Leonurus,indicus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leonurus,sibiricus,honeyweed,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leonurus,sibiricus, honeyweed,Weed Science List
  • Leonurus,sibiricus, honeyweed,P,"Species range: Hebei, China; Nei Monggol, China; Shaanxi, China; Shanxi, China;Mongolia; Altay, Russian Federation; Eastern Siberia, Russian Federation[Dauria]WRA score of 9: REJECT spp.Species citations: V. L. Komarov et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora S","Species range: Hebei, China; Nei Monggol, China; Shaanxi, China; Shanxi, China;Mongolia; Altay, Russian Federation; Eastern Siberia, Russian Federation[Dauria] also, USA (Florida), Paraguay, Peru, Venezuala, Puerto Rico and Queensland from Cape York ",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Leucas,cephalotes,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leucas,decemdentata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leucas,glabrata, Weed Science List
  • Leucas,glabrata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Leucas,lavandulaefolia,syn Leucas linifolia,"in areas with a pronounced dry season, & also in areas with a short dry period; on grassy sites, roadsides, fallow & neglected arable lands; often very numerous; in Java form 0-1500m alt; flowers all year round; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importa","continental Asia, from India to China, throughout Malesia; throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan & Sulawesi, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Leucas,linifolia,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leucas,martinicensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leucas,martinicensis, Weed Science List
  • Leucas,urticaefolia, Weed Science List
  • Leucas,urticaefolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Leucas,zeylanica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lycopus,americanus, American bugleweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lycopus,asper, rough bugleweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lycopus,europaeus, European bugleweed,seeds germ in 1st spring after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 91% germ for one lot & 37% germ for another,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lycopus,europaeus, European bugleweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lycopus,uniflorus, oneflower bugleweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Marrubium,vulgare,"horehound, white horehound",HHXXAX,NL,NSW; Vic; SA; WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Marrubium,vulgare, Horehound,"Dispersal: animal external,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 13,4,12","Introduced deliberately from: Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Marrubium,vulgare, White horehound,100% germ with alt. temp 20-30C & alt. light/dark; 92% germ with alt. temp 20-30C in dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Marrubium,vulgare, "horehound, white horehound",because of its bitter taste it is not palatable to stock & is therefore encouraged by heavy grazing which reduces the number & vigour of competing plants; it taints the meat of animals that eat it & takes 7 days grazing on clean pasture for animals to los,"originated in S &W Eur, C & W Asia & N Afr; it is now spread throughout the temperate world & is regarded as a weed in most areas; it is widespread in N Amer & is very common on the west coast over a wide range of situations from arid hillsides to moist c","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Marrubium,vulgare, horehound,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Marrubium,vulgare, Horehound * ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mo","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Marrubium,vulgare, Horehound, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Marrubium,vulgare, white horehound,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Marrubium,vulgare, Horehound,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Melissa,officinalis,lemon balm,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Melissa,officinalis, Lemon Balm,"Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,8","Introduced deliberately from: E Med and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Melissa,officinalis, lemon balm,Weed Science List
  • Mentha,aquatica,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mentha,aquatica, seeds germ in 1st spring after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 95% germ ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Mentha,aquatica, Weed Science List
  • Mentha,arvensis,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mentha,arvensis, Corn Mint,"M. agrestis, M. palustris, M. canadensis","All Europe, N Amer, Asia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Mentha,arvensis,Labiatae ,Corn Mint,"M. agrestis, M. palustris, M. canadensis","All Europe, N Amer, Asia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Mentha,arvensis, field mint,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Mentha,arvensis, P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mentha,gentilis, red mint,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Mentha,longifolia,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mentha,longifolia, Horse mint,"M. sylvestris, M. incana, M. mollissima",Mainland Europe & S Sweden,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Mentha,longifolia,Labiatae ,Horse mint,"M. sylvestris, M. incana, M. mollissima",Mainland Europe & S Sweden,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Mentha,longifolia subsp. typhoides,syn ,"Nile and canal banks""In rural Egypt, plant is added to water of hot bath; it is useful for skin diseases. Infusion of leaves & flowering summits is carminative""","E Medit, W Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Mentha,piperita, peppermint,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Mentha,pulegium,Pulegium vulgare,"pennyroyal, European pennyroyal, pennyroyal mint",HX,NL,WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mentha,pulegium, Pennyroyal ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Mentha,pulegium, Pennyroyal,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8,9","Introduced deliberately from: Eur-W As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Mentha,pulegium, Penny Royal Mint,Pulegium vulgare,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Mentha,pulegium, Pulegium vulgare,"pennyroyal, European pennyroyal, pennyroyal mint","introd to Aust as an ornamental or culinary herb; it has since spread to all southern States but does not occur in Qld or the NT; it occurs in NSW as small scattered patches on the C & S Coast, parts of the Tablelands, the C & S Western Slopes & the SW Pl","native to Eur & W Asia is most abundant in the Medit region; it has been introd to many parts of the world including Aust, Chile, India, NZ, Uruguay & the US","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Mentha,pulegium, penny royal,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Mentha,pulegium, pennyroyal, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Mentha,pulegium, pennyroyal,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mentha,spicata,spearmint,HXw,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mentha,spicata, Spearmint,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8","Introduced deliberately from: S&C Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Mentha,spicata, Spear Mint,"M. virides, M. sylvestris, M. crispa, M. crispata","UK, Erie, Mainland Europe except NE",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Mentha,spicata, Weed Science List
  • Mentha,spicata, spearmint,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Mentha,spicata,spearmint,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Mentha,suaveolens, Round Leaved mint,"M. rotundifolia, M. macrostachya, M. insularis","UK, Erie,S Sweden, Mainland Europe except NE. Less in Eire and Eastern regions",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Mentha,suaveolens, Weed Science List
    Mentha,viridis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mentha,x piperata,peppermint,HXw,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mentha,x piperata, Peppermint,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,8","Introduced deliberately from: S Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Mentha,x piperita,peppermint,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mentha,x piperita,peppermint,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mentha,x piperita,peppermint,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Mentha,x rotundifolia,M. x suaveolens in WA,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mentha,x spicata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Moluccella,laevis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Molucella,laevis, Weed Science List
  • Monarda,citriodora, lemon beebalm,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Monarda,fistulosa, Wild bergamot,"42% germ of seed sown 2mths after collection over 10-57days, 18% germ 3mths after & 14% germ 5mths after",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Monarda,fistulosa, wild bergamot,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Monarda,punctata, spotted beebalm,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Mosla,dianthera, ,paraquat 1990 Korea Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Mosla,dianthera, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Mosla,dianthera,miniature beefsteak,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Mosla,japonica, , Miyasaki ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Nepeta,cataria,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nepeta,cataria, Catnip,4% germ with alt. 20-30C in dark & 10% germ with 20-30C & alt. exposure to light,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Nepeta,cataria, Weed Science List
  • Nepeta,cataria, catnip,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Nicandra,physodes, apple-of-Peru,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ocimum,americanim,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ocimum,basilicum,"sweet basil, basil",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ocimum,gratissimum, Weed Science List
  • Ocimum,gratissimum, wild basil,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
    Ocimum,gratissiumum, wild basil,", pasture, disturbed places",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Ocimum,tenuiflorum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ocimum,X citriodorum,O. menthifolium?,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ocmium,basilicum, Weed Science List
  • Ocmium,sanctum, Weed Science List
  • Origanum,vulgare,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Origanum,vulgare, wild marjoram,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Platystoma,africanum, Weed Science List
  • Platystoma,africanum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Plectranthus,amboinicus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plectranthus,caninus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plectranthus,ciliatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plectranthus,ciliatus, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Plectranthus,ciliatus, Weed Science List
  • Plectranthus,ecklonii,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plectranthus,ecklonii, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Plectranthus,neochilus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plectranthus,ornatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plectranthus,verticillatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pogostemon,auricularia,"syn Dysophylla auricularia, Mentha auricularia","sunny, permanently or periodically wet sites, border of ditches, grassy wastelands; from 0-2000m alt; flowers all year round (Java); upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, used for stomach ailments of children; recorded as a potential cure for ca","SE Asia, throughout SE Asia to S China & throughout Malesia; throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Prunella,grandiflora,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Prunella,grandiflora, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Prunella,hyssopifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Prunella,laciniata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunella,laciniata, Weed Science List
  • Prunella,vulgaris,self heal,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Prunella,vulgaris, Brunella vulgaris,Healall,"41% germ at 20C of recently harvested seeds in light & 2% in dark; 68% germ in 20C dark, 88% at 20-30C in dark, & 72% at 20-30C in light within 1yr of collection; 95% germ on moist sand after 4yrs dry storage",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Prunella,vulgaris, Self Heal,Brunella vulgaris,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Prunella,vulgaris, Weed Science List
  • Prunella,vulgaris, healall,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rosmarinus,officinalis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rosmarinus,officinalis, Weed Science List
  • Salvia,aethiopis,Mediterranean sage,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salvia,aethiopis, Mediterranean Sage ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Salvia,aethiopis, Mediterranean Sage ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Salvia,aethiopis, Mediterranean sage,"seed tested within 1 yr of harvest, at 20C in dark 44%, at 20-30C alt. with alt. light/dark 36% & 44% in dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Salvia,aethiopis, Mediterranean sage ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Salvia,aethiopis, Mediterranean sage,Weed Science List
  • Salvia,aethiopis, Mediterranean sage,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salvia,aethiopis, Mediterranean sage,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Salvia,apiana, white sage,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salvia,aurea,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salvia,aurea, Weed Science List
  • Salvia,coccinea,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salvia,coccinea, Weed Science List
  • Salvia,coccinea, crimson sage,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salvia,leucantha,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salvia,leucantha, Weed Science List
  • Salvia,leucophylla, whiteleaf sage,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salvia,mellifera, black sage,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salvia,misella,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salvia,plebeia, Weed Science List
  • Salvia,reflexa,Salvia lanceolata,"mintweed, lanceleaf sage, narrow-leaf sage, wild mint",L,NSW; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salvia,reflexa, Salvia lanceolata,"mintweed, lanceleaf sage, narrow-leaf sage, wild mint","mintweed is a rapid coloniser of disturbed soils, invading & replacing pastures weakened by overgrazing, as well as competing with & reducing yields of winter cereals, sorghum, maize & cotton; in Aust it is not usually a serious weed of wheat unless crops","native of N & S Amer, it is prevalent along the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains & in the Western Great Plains of the US & parts of Canada; it is a serious weed of cotton in west Texas, poses a threat to tomato fields in parts of Ontario, & is imprt","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Salvia,reflexa, mintweed, Was a prohibited spp. under old seeds act with a limit of 50 seed per Kilo,Weed Science List
  • Salvia,riparia, Weed Science List
  • Salvia,sonomensis, Sonoma sage,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Salvia,verbenaca,wild sage,HXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Salvia,verbenaca, S. clandestina,"UK, Eire, Southern & Western Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Salvia,verbenaca, Weed Science List
  • Salvia,verbenaca, Wild Sage,"Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,Med, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Salvia,verticillata, "seed germ at various constant temps from 7-35C, optimum 25C with 52% germ; alt. temps less effective; seeds tested on filter paper moistened with water or 0.0001% GA did not germ, only 1-2% germ with 0.005% & 0.03% soln of GA",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Salvia,virgata, var sonarae Meadow Sage ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Salvia,viridis, Weed Science List
  • Satureja,hortensis, Summer Savoury,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Satureja,pseudosimensis, Weed Science List
  • Satureja,pseudosimensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Satureja,vulgare, wild basil,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Scutellaria,altissima, only 1.5% germ with 0.03% soln of GA on filter paper in dark at 20-25C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scutellaria,galericulata, seeds germ in 1st spring after collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ75%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scutellaria,lateriflora, "88% germ at 20-25C in diffuse light in 11days, no germ in dark within 21days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scutellaria,racemosa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Scutellaria,racemosa, Weed Science List
  • Sideritis,montana, "Mainland Europe less in NW, not Denmark",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sideritis,montana,Labiatae ,"Mainland Europe less in NW, not Denmark",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sideritis,romana, Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sideritis,romana,Labiatae ,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Stachys,annua, Annual Woundwort,S. neglecta,"Mainland Europe, scattered in Scandinavia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Stachys,annua, Weed Science List
  • Stachys,annua, hedgenettle betony,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Stachys,annua, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Stachys,arvensis,stagger weed,XXXX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Stachys,arvensis, Field Woundwort,"UK, Eire, central and Western Europe, S Sweden",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Stachys,arvensis, stagger weed,Weed Science List
  • Stachys,arvensis, fieldnettle betony,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Stachys,byzantina,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Stachys,byzantina, Weed Science List
  • Stachys,floridana, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Stachys,floridana, Florida betony,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Stachys,floridana,hedge nettle,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Stachys,germanica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Stachys,palustris,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Stachys,palustris, March Woundwort,"S. maeotica, S. wolgensis","All Europe, Northen Hemisphere",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Stachys,palustris, marsh betony,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Stachys,sieboldii, artichoke betony,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Stachys ,sylvatica, seeds germ in 1st & 2nd spring after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ 97%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Teucrium,botrys, Cut Leaved Germander,"UK, Mainland Europe except Greece & NE",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Teucrium,botrys,Labiatae ,Cut Leaved Germander,"UK, Mainland Europe except Greece & NE",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Teucrium,canadense, "seed stored outdoors in sacks buried in sand, germ in greenhouse following spring 12% in 22days, seed stored indoors germ 6% in 23days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Teucrium,scordium,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Teucrium,scordium, Weed Science List
  • Teucrium,scordium, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Teucrium,scorodonia,"curled woodsage, woodsage, woodland germander",H,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Teucrium,scorodonia, Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Teucrium,scorodonia , "curled woodsage, woodsage, woodland germander",P,"Become a significant weed in Tasmania, AWC 34 Minutes, Sept 97Tasmanian DPI have released pamphlets on the weed problems this spp. has shown in forests and plantationsis very tolerant to hebicides.Weed Risk Assessment Score of 19: REJECT spp.Speci","Species range: Austria; Belgium; United Kingdom; Czechoslovakia; Germany;France [incl. Corsica]; Ireland; Switzerland; Spain; Netherlands;Hungary; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Yugoslavia [west]; Norway[south]; Poland [west]; Portugal [incl. Madeira,",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Thymus,pulegioides, Thymus pulegioides ,seeds germ in 1st spring after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ 88%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Thymus,serpyllum, creeping thyme,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Thymus,vulgaris,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Thymus,vulgaris, Weed Science List
  • Trichostema,dichotomum, bluecurls,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lardizabalaceae
  • Akebia,quinata, "chocolate vine, Akebia vine",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Lauraceae
  • Cassytha,filiformis, dodder,"tropical America, coconut and pandanus seedlings, field crops, hedges",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands;Tokelau; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Cassytha,filiformis, ?,Weed Science List
  • Cassytha,filiformis, ?,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cinnamomum,camphor,camphor-tree,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Cinnamomum,camphora,camphor laurel,HXXS,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cinnamomum,camphora, Camphor Laurel ,TREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Cinnamomum,camphora, camphor tree,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Cinnamomum,camphora, camphor tree,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, coastal bush, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, shade, timber",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Cinnamomum,camphora, camphor tree,"Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, coastal bush, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, shade, timber",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Cinnamomum,camphora, Camphor Laurel ,Major WeedTrees/Shrubs.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Cinnamomum,camphora, Weed Science List
  • Cinnamomum,camphora, camphor laural,Weed Science List
  • Cinnamomum,camphora, camphor laural,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Laurus,nobilis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lindera,benzoin, common spicebush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Litsea,glutinosa, Indian laurel,Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: disturbed forest and forest marginsCultivated for: ornament,Origin: tropical Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Litsea,glutinosa, Indian laurel,Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: disturbed forest and forest marginsCultivated for: ornament,Origin: tropical Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Litsea,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Persea,americana,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Persea,americana, avocado,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Persea,borbonia, redbay,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sassafras,albidum, sassafras,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Umbellularia,californica, California laurel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lemnaceae
  • Lemma,minor, "perennial dominance, sub-dominance ", Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Lemma,polyrhiza, "perennial dominance, sub-dominance ", Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Lemna,gibba, "some seed germ immediately after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in water unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 76% germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lemna,minor,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lemna,minor, Weed Science List
  • Lemna,minor, "common duckweed, duckweed, lesser duckweed, water lentil","Lemna minor is an annual herb that occurs either as single floating plants or as colonies of up to 5 or more connected fronds. It is found on still or slightly moving water and thrives in stagnant ponds, sloughs, lakes, canals, and roadside ditches rich i",It is a cosmopolitan plant of world-wide distribution,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Lemna,minor, common duckweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lemna,paucicostata, Duckweed," Aquatic weed, free-floating ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Lemna,perpusilla, Weed Science List
  • Lemna,perpusilla, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lemna,trisulca, star duckweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lemna ,minor, Common duckweed,"species grown by floating fronds in 1L aquaria, containing 500g of soil & 750ml tap water; optimum growth at 30C & 1000 ft-c of light; vegetative propagation",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Spirodela,polyrhiza, Weed Science List
  • Spirodela,polyrhiza, Duckweed giant," Aquatic weed, free-floating ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Spirodela,polyrhiza, "large duckweed, giant duckweed","Spirodela polyrhiza is in the family of the world's smallest seed bearing plants, the Lemnaceae, often called duckweeds. This species is a weed problem in the world's leading rice-producing countries and a troublesome problem in the world's waterways. Bec",general distribution over much of the area inhabited by man,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Spirodela,polyrhiza, giant duckweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spirodela,polyrhiza, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Wolffia,columbiana, watermeal,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Wolffia,spp., P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lentibulariaceae
  • Utricularia,aurea, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Utricularia,aurea,"syn Utricularia blumei, Utricularia flexuosa, Utricularia reclinata","deep to shallow, stagnant or sluggishly flowing fresh water in ditches, pool, fishponds, lakes; from0-1500m alt; flowers all year round; irrigated-lowland, lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","Asia, from India to China & from Japan to Aust; throughout Malesia & Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Utricularia,biflora, Weed Science List
  • Utricularia,foliosa, leafy bladderwort,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Utricularia,gibba,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Utricularia,inflata, floating bladderwort a,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Utricularia,purpurea, purple bladderwort,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Utricularia,vulgaris, Common bladder wort,"seeds germ in 1st & 2nd spring after harvest; seeds placed in germinator, exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ 97%",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Utricularia,vulgaris, common bladderwort,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Liliaceae
  • Agapanthus,praecox, ssp. orientalis,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Agapanthus,praecox, ssp. praecox,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Agapanthus,praecox, Agapanthus,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4-6,8,12","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Agapanthus,praecox, Weed Science List
  • Albuca,canadensis, Weed Science List
  • Amaryllis,belladonna, Weed Science List
  • Asparagus,asparagoides, Bridal Creeper,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Tuberous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,3,4,5,6,8,12,13","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Asphodelus,fistulosus, Onion-weed,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,3,4,12,","Med- N India, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Asphodelus,fistulosus, Asphodelus tenuifolius,"onion weed, asphodel, hollow-stemmed asphodel, wild onion","it establishes most readily in disturbed situations, where there is very little competition & has a preference for sandy alkaline soils; once est. quite drought hardy; reduces carrying capacity of area","native range extends from the Medit region through Asia Minor to western Asia & northern India; spread to N Amer, NZ & Aust only appears to be weedy in Aust""occurs in all states, mainly on roadsides, railway lines, neglected areas & poorer pastures in se","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Asphodelus,fistulosus, onion weed,Weed Science List
  • Asphodelus,ramosus,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Asphodelus,ramosus, Weed Science List
  • Asphodelus,ramosus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Asphodelus,tenuifolius, Weed Science List
  • Asphodelus,tenuifolius, asphodelus,"Asphodelus tenuifolius is a serious weed in the India-Pakistan area and a close relative, A. fistulosus, is a serious weed in areas of Australia.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Asphodelus,tenuifolius, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Bulbinella,floribunda, Weed Science List
  • Bulbinella,robusta, Weed Science List
  • Chlorogalum,pomeridianum, soapplant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Chlorophytum,comosum, Weed Science List
  • Chlorophytum,cormosum, Spider Lily ,GROUNDCOVERS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Colchicum,autumnale,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Convallaria,majalis, Lily-of-the-valley,"stratify seed in moist peat 3 mths at 5C, then plant seed in soil in greenhouse & leave for 2mths, transfer to 5C storage for 3-5mths, & transfer again to greenhouse",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Convallaria,majalis, lily-of-the-valley,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyanella,hyacinthoides, Weed Science List
  • Dasylirion,texanum, Texas sotol,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Dasylirion,wheeleri, Wheeler sotol,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Gloriosa,superba, Weed Science List
  • Hemerocallis,fulva, common daylily,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Hemerocallis,fulva, tawny daylily,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hymenocallis,caribaea, Weed Science List
  • Ipheion,uniflorum, Spring Star-flower,"Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5","Introduced deliberately from: Arg and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ipheion,uniflorum, Weed Science List
  • Lachenalia,aloides, Lachenalia,"Dispersal: Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lachenalia,aloides, Weed Science List
  • Lachenalia,bulbifera, Weed Science List
  • Lachenalia,reflexa, Weed Science List
  • Leucojum,aestivum, Weed Science List
  • Lilium,formosanum,Taiwan Lily,XXXSX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lilium,formosanum, Taiwan Lily,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6","Introduced deliberately from: Taiwan and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lilium,formosanum, Formosan Lily ,GROUNDCOVERS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Lilium,formosanum, Weed Science List
  • Lilium,lancefolium,lilium,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lilium,maximowiczii, , Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Lilium,tigrinum,Tiger lily,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lilium,tigrinum, Tiger Lily,"Dispersal: Vegetative,?Wind. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6","Introduced deliberately from: Ch,Jap and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lilium ,lancefolium, "Region of origin - E China, Japan, Korea; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Maianthemum,racemosa,syn. Smilacina racemosa,feathery false Solomon's seal,30% germ in 264days of seeds planted in soil flats & exposed to winter weather outdoors for 112days & only 2% of those directly planted in greenhouse in 376days; seeds germ on blotters at 20-25C in diffuse light/dark ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Maianthemum,stellata,syn. SmilacinaSmilacina,starry false Solomon's seal,50% germ in194-500days of seeds planted in soil flats & exposed to winter weather outdoors for 71days & only 7% of those directly planted in greenhouse in 148-265days; seeds germ on blotters at 20-25C in diffuse light/dark ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Nolina,microcarpa, sacahuista,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Nolina,texana, Texas sacahuista,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ruscus,accleatus, "butcher's broom, box holly, jew's myrtle","Ruscus acculeatus is listed inTurkey as X - present as weed (the species is present & behaves as a aweed, but its rank of importance is unknown)","Medit & Black Sea north to GB, west to Azores.",Holm et al 'A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds'
  • Scilla,hyacinthoides, Weed Science List
  • Scilla,hyancinthoides,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Scilla,peruviana,"Peruvian lily, Peruvian jacinth",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Scilla,peruviana, Weed Science List
  • Smilax,bona-nox, saw greenbrier,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Smilax,china, Weeds of sown grassland , Miyasaki Okayama Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Smilax,glauca, cat greenbrier,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Smilax,laurifolia, laurel greenbrier,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Smilax,rotundifolia, common greenbrier,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Smilax,walteri, redbead greenbrier,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spiloxene,capensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sternbergia,lutea, Weed Science List
  • Trachyandra,divaricata, Weed Science List
  • Tulbaghia,violacea,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Veratrum,californicum, western false hellebore,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Veratrum,lobelianum, studies of seed germ reported in Russian,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Veratrum,lobelianum, Weed Science List
  • Veratrum,lobelianum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Veratrum,viride, white hellebore,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Xerophyllum,tenax, beargrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Yucca,torreyi, Torrey yucca,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Zephyranthes,candida, Weed Science List
  • Zephyranthes,grandiflora, Weed Science List
  • Zigadenus,elegans, mountain deathcamas,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Zigadenus,fremontii, chaparral deathcamas,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Zigadenus,gramineus, grassy deathcamas,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Zigadenus,paniculatus, foothill deathcamas,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Zigadenus,spp, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Zigadenus,venenosus, meadow deathcamas,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Limnocharitaceae
  • Hydrocleys,bleheri, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hydrocleys,nymphoides, Region of origin - trop. Amer; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Hydrocleys,nymphoides,water poppy,X,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hydrocleys,nymphoides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Limnocharis,flava,yellow burr-head,L,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Limnocharis,flava, ,"2,4-D 1995 Indonesia Rice ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Limnocharis,flava, Weed Science List
  • Limnocharis,flava,syn ,yellow sawah lettuce,"in freshwater pools & ditches, esp. moister regions; sometimes gregrarious; from 0-2000m alt; flowers all year round; lowland-irrigated, rainfed, lebak, & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, but may become noxious by overgrowingthe area, indica","tropical Amer, SE Asia; found for the first time near Jakarta in 1870, but probably introd much earlier, & has spread throughout Indonesia except the Moluccas & Irian Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Limnocharis,flava, P,AQIS Banned Spp.,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Limnocharis,humboldtii, P,AQIS Banned Spp., Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Linaceae
  • Linum,bienne,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Linum,bienne, "Region of origin - W Eur, Medit; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Linum,catharticum,"purging flax, fairy flax, white flax",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Linum,neomexicanum, New Mexico flax,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Linum,strictum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Linum,strictum, Weed Science List
  • Linum,trigynum,French flax,XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Linum,trigynum, Weed Science List
  • Linum,usitatissimum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Linum,usitatissimum, Weed Science List
  • Linum,usitatissimum, common flax,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lobeliaceae
  • Grammatotheca,bergiana,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Laurentia,longiflora,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Laurentia,longiflora, Weed Science List
  • Laurentia,longiflora, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Monopsis,debilis,M. simplex,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Monopsis,simplex, Weed Science List
  • Loganiaceae
  • Gelsemium,sempervirens,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gelsemium,sempervirens, Weed Science List
  • Gelsemium,sempervirens, yellow jessamine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Nicodemia,madagascariensis, Weed Science List
  • Polypremum,procumbens, polypremen,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Spigelia,anthelmia, Weed Science List
  • Spigelia,anthelmia,syn ,worm grass,"weed of sandy seashores, riverbanks, arable lands, gardens, roadsides, waste places; up to 600m alt; locally someties abundant, but on the whole rare; flowers all year round; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, flowers opening from 2-5 o'clock","tropical Amer, tropical W Afr, Malesia; inadvertently imported into Java in 1845 & spread throughout Sumatra, Java & the Lesser Sunda Islands","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Spigelia,anthelmia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Strychnos,nux-vomica,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Strychnos,nux-vomica, Weed Science List
  • Strychnos,nux-vomica, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Strychnos,spinosa, "napal orange, spiny monkey orange",P,"Fruit REPORTED to be TOXIC,Msonthi, J. D.; Galeffi, C.; Nicoletti, M.; Messana, I.; MariniBettolo, G.B. (1985) Kingiside aglucone, a natural secoiridoid from unripe fruits ofStrychnos spinosa. Phytochemistry 24(4):771-772This species is found through","South Africa, see Coates Palgrave",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lythraceae
  • Ammannia,microcarpa,syn ,"in wet sites; from 0-1400m alt; lowland-irrigated rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Asia, tropical Asia; in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java & the Lesser Sunda Islands, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ammania,auriculata, redstem,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ammania,baccifera, , Thailand Taiwan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Ammania,coccinea, purple ammania,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ammannia,auriculata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ammannia,baccifera,syn ,"in inundated or very wet sites; 0-1200m alt; lowland rice fields, may become very harmful in rice fields, especially when fields run dry due to lack of water, in India, leaves are used to reduce the sexual libido in animals","Asia, tropical Amer & Asia; throughout Indonesia; except Kalimantan, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ammannia,coccinea, Weed Science List
  • Ammannia,coccinea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ammannia,octandra,syn ,"in wet sites; usually rare, but locally abundant; low altitudes; lowland-irrigated rice fields, a weed of minor importance, but often becomes gregarious & may become noxious, ","tropical Asia, tropical Asia; in Indonesia: so far only found in Java","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ammannia,peploides, Weed Science List
  • Ammannia,peploides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ammannia,prieuriana, Weed Science List
  • Ammannia,prieuriana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cuphea,carthagenenis, Tarweed Cuphea,paraquat 1984 Fiji Taro , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Cuphea,carthagenensis, tarweed,"tropical America, ",Fiji; French Polynesia; New Caledonia; Niue; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Cuphea,carthagenensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cuphea,carthagenensis, Weed Science List
  • Cuphea,carthagenensis, tarweed cuphea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cuphea,hyssopifolia,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cuphea,petiolata, clammy cuphea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cuphea,wrightii, Weed Science List
  • Cuphea,wrightii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Decodon,verticillatus, swamp loosestrife,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Heimia,salicifolia,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lagerstroemia,indica, crapemyrtle,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Lythrum,hyssopifolia,lesser loosestife,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lythrum,hyssopifolia, Grass Roly Poly,"All Europe, N & S Amer, NZ & Aust",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lythrum,hyssopifolia, Weed Science List
  • Lythrum,hyssopifolia, hyssop lythrum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lythrum,junceum,Mediterranean Loosestrife,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lythrum,junceum, Mediterranean Loosestrife,"Dispersal: animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 9","Med, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lythrum,junceum, "L. graefferi, L. acutangulum, L. flexuosum",Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lythrum,junceum, Weed Science List
  • Lythrum,salicaria, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Lythrum,salicaria,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lythrum,salicaria, Purple Loosestrife ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Lythrum,salicaria, Purple Loosestrife ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Lythrum,salicaria, Spiked loose strife,84% germ of dry stored seed of 1yr in diffuse light within 10days at 20-25C; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; germ 94%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lythrum,salicaria, Purple Loose Strife,L. intermedium,"All Europe, Central Asia, parts of N Amer",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lythrum,salicaria, Purple Loose Strife,L. intermedium,"All Europe, Central Asia, parts of N Amer",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lythrum,salicaria, Purple loosestrife ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Lythrum,salicaria, purple loosestrife,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Lythrum,salicaria, spiked loosestrife,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lythrum,salicaria,all var. & cultivars,purple loosestrife,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Lythrum,virgatum, SE Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lythrum,virgatum, SE Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lythrum,virgatum, ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Rotala,indica, Weed Science List
  • Rotala,indica, annual dominance , Thailand Taiwan Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Rotala,indica, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rotala,mexicana,syn ,"soggy fields; from 0-1200m alt; rather rare; lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","C Amer, Indonesia: Java & Iraina Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Rotala,ramosior, Weed Science List
  • Rotala,ramosior,"syn Rotala catholica, Ammannia chatholica var. philippinensis; Ammannia humilis","usually found in annually inundated areas; sometimes in shallow permanent water in ponds, streams & occasionally in mud of marshes; flowering & fruiting occur when the site dries out; from 20-200m alt; rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, it i","C Amer, probably Mexico, introd a long time ago into the Philippines, where it is naturalized; also common in rice fields of the USA & Northern Italy; in Indonesia: Java & Sulawesi","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Rotala,ramosior, toothcup,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rotala,ramosior, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rotala,rosea ,"syn Rotala leptopetala, Ammannia leptopetala, Ammannia pentandra","soggy fields, margins of drainages; from 0-1100m alt; flowers all year round; tidal & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","Asia, throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands & the Moluccas, as far as known; predominant in W Java, less frequent in C & E Java","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Rotala,rotundifolia,rotala,E,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rotala,rotundifolia, Region of origin - India to Japan; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Rotala,rotundifolia, Weed Science List
  • Rotala,rotundifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rotala,uliginosa, Weed Science List
  • Rotala,uliginosa, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rotala ,indica,syn Ameletia actidens,"in rice fields, river banks, ditches, very wet fields; locally often very numerous, but on the whole rather rare; from 0-1000m alt; flowers in Java from Apr-Oct; lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Amer, pantropical; throughout Indonesia, except Sulawesi & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Magnoliaceae
  • Liriodendron,tulipifera, tuliptree,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Magnolia,acuminata, cucumbertree,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Magnolia,macrophylla, bigleaf magnolia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Magnolia,virginiana, sweetbay magnolia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Malaceae
  • Aruncus,dioicus,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cotoneaster,divaricatus,cotoneaster,HH,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cotoneaster,divaricatus, Region of origin - China; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental - hedging,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Cotoneaster,franchetii,orange cotoneaster,HH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cotoneaster,franchetii, Region of origin - China; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Cotoneaster,glaucophyllus,cotoneaster,HXHAXH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cotoneaster,horizontalis,prostrate cotoneaster,XHSH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cotoneaster,horizontalis, Region of origin - China; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Cotoneaster,lacteus,cotoneaster,HH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cotoneaster,lacteus, Cotoneaster ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cotoneaster,lacteus, Region of origin - China; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Cotoneaster,microphyllus,smallleaf cotoneaster,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cotoneaster,microphyllus, Region of origin - Himalayas; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Cotoneaster,microphyllus, Weed Science List
  • Cotoneaster,pannosus,"silver-leafed cotoneaster, silverleaf cotoneaster",HHH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cotoneaster,pannosus, Cotoneaster ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cotoneaster,pannosus, Region of origin - China; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Cotoneaster,pannosus, show-berry bushes,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationWoody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, riverbanks, grassland, kloofs, rocky outcropsCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Cotoneaster,pannosus, show-berry bushes,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationWoody SpeciesInvades: forest margins, riverbanks, grassland, kloofs, rocky outcropsCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Cotoneaster,pannosus, Weed Science List
  • Cotoneaster,rotundifolius,cotoneaster,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cotoneaster,rotundifolius, Weed Science List
  • Cotoneaster,simonsii,Simons' cotoneaster,XXH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cotoneaster,simonsii, Weed Science List
  • Cotoneaster,spp.,cotoneaster,XXXXXXH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cotoneaster,spp., cotoneaster,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Crataegus,azarolus,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Crataegus,crus-galli, cockspur hawthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Crataegus,douglasii, black hawthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Crataegus,laevigata,Crataegus oxyacanthoides,"hawthorn, may, azzarola",NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Crataegus,laevigata, Crataegus oxyacanthoides,"hawthorn, may, azzarola","introd to Aust as a garden or hedge plant; it is now well established to the east of Melb, in the NE & the NC regions; it is particularly popular as a hedge plant in Tas; it is not a problem in other States although it is naturalised on the southern Darli","Hawthorn is highly regarded as a hedge plant because it forms an impenetrable barrier resistant to grazing & is of particular value in coastal areas where it tolerates salt-laden winds; when climate & soil are suitable it spreads away from hedges, forming","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Crataegus,laevigata, may,Weed Science List
  • Crataegus,laevigata, may,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Crataegus,manogyna, Hawthorn ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Crataegus,marshallii, parsley hawthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Crataegus,monogyna,Mespilus monogyna,"hawthorn, may, azzarola, whitethorn",HHXAH,NLP,SA; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Crataegus,monogyna, Hawthorn,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal external?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub/Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,6,8","Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Crataegus,monogyna, Mespilus monogyna,"hawthorn, may, azzarola, whitethorn","introd to Aust as a garden or hedge plant; it is now well established to the east of Melb, in the NE & the NC regions; it is particularly popular as a hedge plant in Tas, it also occurs in the Adelaide Hills of SA & appears to be spreading; it is not a pr","Hawthorn has a wide native range from W Eur to the Medit region, Asia Minor & Afghanistan; it has been distributed throughout much of the temperate world but is considered weedy in only a few places, including NE US & SE Aust; it occurs in NZ & is increas","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Crataegus,monogyna, English hawthorne ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Crataegus,monogyna, singleseed hawthorne,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Crataegus,monogyna, May * ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Movement prohibited on roads (Section 52(2) applies)","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Crataegus,monogyna, hawthorn,Weed Science List
  • Crataegus,monogyna, hawthorn,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Crataegus,oxyacantha, English hawthorne,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Crataegus,oxyacantha, Weed Science List
  • Crataegus,rivularis, river hawthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Crataegus,saligna, willow hawthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Crataegus,sinaica,Crataegus azarolus,"hawthorn, may, azzarola, azarola thorn, Neapolitan medlar",H,LP,SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Crataegus,sinaica, Crataegus azarolus,"hawthorn, may, azzarola, azarola thorn, Neapolitan medlar,","introd to Aust as a garden or hedge plant; it is now well established to the east of Melb, in the NE & the NC regions; it is particularly popular as a hedge plant in Tas, it also occurs in the Adelaide Hills of SA & appears to be spreading; at this stage ","Hawthorn is highly regarded as a hedge plant because it forms an impenetrable barrier resistant to grazing & is of particular value in coastal areas where it tolerates salt-laden winds; when climate & soil are suitable it spreads away from hedges, forming","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Crataegus,sinaica, Azzarola* ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Movement prohibited on roads (Section 52(2) applies)","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Crataegus,sinaica, azzarola,Weed Science List
  • Crataegus,sinaica, azzarola,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Crataegus,spp.,hawthorns,w,GLP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Crataegus,succulenta, fleshy hawthorn,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Crataegus,x sinaica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eriobotrya,japonica,"loquat, Japanese plum",XXw,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eriobotrya,japonica, Loquat ,TREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Eriobotrya,japonica, Weed Science List
  • Photinia,glabra,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Photinia,serratifolia,Chinese hawthorn,w,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Photinia,serratifolia, Region of origin - China; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pyracantha,angustifolia,"orange firethorn, firethorn",HXASH,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pyracantha,crenulata,Nepal firethorn,HH,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pyracantha,fortuneana,"Chinese firethorn, firethorn",XH,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pyracantha,koidzumii,"Formosa firethorn, firethorn",H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pyracantha,koidzumii, Region of origin - Taiwan; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pyracantha,koidzumii, P,Region of origin - Taiwan; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamentalWeed in the ACT.listed in CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pyracantha,rogersiana,firethorn,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pyracantha,spp.,firethorns,XXAH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rhaphiolepis,indica,"cherry laurel, Indian hawthorn",XXS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorbus,americana, American mountainash,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sorbus,aucuparia,"European mountainash, mountainash, rowan",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorbus,aucuparia, European mountain ash ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Sorbus,aucuparia, European mountain ash,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Sorbus,domestica,service tree,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sorbus,domestica, Weed Science List
  • Spiraea,cantonensis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malpighiaceae
  • Mascagnia,concinna, Weed Science List
  • Mascagnia,concinna, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mascagnia,pubiflora, Weed Science List
  • Mascagnia,pubiflora, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Bunchosia,glandulifera,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hiptage,benghalensis,hiptage,S,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hiptage,benghalensis,hyptage,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Hiptage,madablota,hiptage,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hiptage,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Malvaceae
  • Abelmoschus,manihot,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Abelmoschus,manihot,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Abelmoschus,manihot, Weed Science List
  • Abelmoschus,moschatus,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Abelmoschus,moschatus,var. haenkeanus , 38% germ of seeds stored dry for 2wks after collection; seeds lightly covered with sterilized moist sand,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Abutilon,grandifolium,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Abutilon,grandifolium, Weed Science List
  • Abutilon,molle, hairy abutilon,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Abutilon,theophrasti,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Abutilon,theophrasti," Abutilon abutilon, Abutilon avicennae",Velvetleaf,"Lab germ: petri dish with moisten paper for 2 days at 2-5oC, then 35oC for 5d; hard seeds placed in boilingH2O 1min or in conc. H2SO4 15min, rinsed in water 30min, return to35c for 2 d: Field- seed placed in conc. H2SO4 15min, rinsed 30min, dried & sown",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Abutilon,theophrasti, A. avicennae,SE Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Abutilon,theophrasti, Velvetleaf ,atrazine 1984 USA Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Abutilon,theophrasti, "velvetleaf, Indian mallow, butterprint veletleaf",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Abutilon,theophrasti, Weed Science List
  • Abutilon,theophrasti, velvetleaf,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Abutilon,theophrastii, Velvetleaf ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Alcea,pallida, Althaea pallida,SE Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Alcea,pallida, Althaea pallida,SE Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Alcea,rosea,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Althaea,cannabina, A. kotschyi,Southern & Eastern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Althaea,cannabina, A. kotschyi,Southern & Eastern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Althaea,hirsuta, Rough Marsh Mallow,Mainland Europe except Denmark & NE,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Althaea,hirsuta, Rough Marsh Mallow,Mainland Europe except Denmark & NE,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Anoda,cristata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anoda,cristata, Weed Science List
  • Anoda,cristata, spurred anoda,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Gossypium,barbadense,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gossypium,hirsutum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gossypium,hirsutum, Weed Science List
  • Gossypium,thurberi,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gossypium,tomentosum, Hawaiian cotton,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hibiscus,cannabinus, Kenaf,P,Banned by AQIS,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hibiscus,diversifolius,swamp hibiscus,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hibiscus,diversifolius, Weed Science List
  • Hibiscus,lasiocarpus, woolly rosemallow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hibiscus,mutabilis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hibiscus,mutabilis, Weed Science List
  • Hibiscus,obtusilobus, Weed Science List
  • Hibiscus,obtusilobus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
    Hibiscus,palustris, swamp rosemallow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hibiscus,rosasinensis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hibiscus,sabdariffa,"rosella, Jamaica sorrel",HH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hibiscus,sabdariffa, Weed Science List
  • Hibiscus,syriacus,rose of Sharon,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Hibiscus,tiliaceus, sea hibiscus,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Hibiscus,tiliaceus,mahoe,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Hibiscus,trionum,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hibiscus,trionum, Venice mallow,"63% germ of fresh seed with seed coat removed; 90% germ after 2mths storage, pretreated with conc. sulfuric acid for 20min & rinsed thoroughly in running water; germ on moist blotters/sand at alt. temp 20C:16hrs-30C;8hrs",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Hibiscus,trionum, "Central & Southern Europe, more in SE",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Hibiscus,trionum, Venice mallow ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Hibiscus,trionum, Venice mallow,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Hibiscus,trionum,syn ,"Bladder hibiscus, Flower-of-an-hour","summer weed, especially in cotton fields, orchards & canal banks; more frequent in Upper Egypt",trop. regions of Afr & Asia,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Hibiscus,trionum, Weed Science List
  • Hibiscus,trionum, "bladder ketmia, flower of an hour, bladder hibiscus, venice mallow","Hibiscus trionum is often troublesome in maize and other grains, in arable crops of several kinds, but is seldom a weed of pastures and perennial plantation crops. The weed is adaptable and frequents fallow land, roadsides, and waste places.",distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Hibiscus,trionum, Venice mallow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Kosteletzkya,virginica, seashore mallow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lagunaria,patersonii,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lavatera,arborea,tree mallow,XXH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lavatera,arborea, Tree Mallow,Dispersal: ?Wind. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,"Introduced deliberately from: Eur, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lavatera,arborea, Weed Science List
  • Lavatera,assurgentifflora,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lavatera,assurgentiflora, Weed Science List
  • Lavatera,cretica,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lavatera,cretica, Weed Science List
  • Lavatera,mauritanica, Weed Science List
  • Lavatera,trimestris,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lavatera,trimestris, Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lavatera,trimestris, Weed Science List
  • Malachra,capitata,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malachra,capitata, Weed Science List
  • Malachra,capitata, malachra,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Malachra,capitata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Malachra,fasciata,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malachra,fasciata, Malachra,Weed Science List
  • Malachra,fasciata, Malachra,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Malva,hispanica, Spanish Mallow,Spain & Portugal,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Malva,hispanica, Spanish Mallow,Spain & Portugal,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Malva,moschata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malva,moschata, Weed Science List
  • Malva,moschata, musk mallow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Malva,neglecta,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malva,neglecta, Dwarf Mallow,"M. rotundifolia auct., M vulgaris","All Europe, W Asia & N africa",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Malva,neglecta, Weed Science List
  • Malva,neglecta, common mallow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Malva,nicaeensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malva,nicaeensis, M. montana,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Malva,nicaeensis, Weed Science List
  • Malva,nicaeensis, bull mallow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Malva,parviflora,HX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malva,parviflora, M. microcarpa,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Malva,parviflora,syn ,Small-flowered mallow,"fields, gardens, orchards, roadsides, waste ground, Nile and canal banksFlowering & fruiting branches are used as a gargle for their astringent properties & also as a bechic & emollient in folk medicine","Medit, Eur, W Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Malva,parviflora, Weed Science List
  • Malva,parviflora, little mallow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Malva,pusilla, Small Mallow,"M. rotundifolia L., M borealis","All Europe except Eire, Portugal, Spain & SW France, less in UK & SW Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Malva,pusilla, Small Mallow,"M. rotundifolia L., M borealis","All Europe except Eire, Portugal, Spain & SW France, less in UK & SW Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Malva,rotundifolia, Dwarf mallow,47% with alt. temp 20-30C in light on blotters; germ on soil 55% at 20-30C in light,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Malva,rotundifolia, dwarf mallow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Malva,sylvestris,M. sylvestris var. mauritiana & var. sylvestris,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malva,sylvestris, seeds germ at once after harvested & continued for several mths; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 95% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Malva,sylvestris, Common Mallow,"M. ambigua, M. mauritiana",All Europe & N Africa,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Malva,sylvestris, Weed Science List
  • Malva,verticillata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malvastrum,americanicum,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malvastrum,americanum, Weed Science List
  • Malvastrum,coromandelianum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malvastrum,peruvianum, Weed Science List
  • Malvastrum,peruvianum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Malvella,leprosa,"Malva leprosa, Sida hederacea, Sida leprosa","alkali sida, ivy-leaf sida, alkali mallow",LP,Vic; SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malvella,leprosa, Alkali Mallow ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Malvella,leprosa," Malva leprosa, Sida hederacea, Sida leprosa","alkali sida, ivy-leaf sida, alkali mallow","a deep-rooted perennial, competes strongly with pasture sp, particularly on alkaline soils; it is encouraged by irrigation but has not been recorded in irrigated crops in Aust; it is not readily eaten by animals, heavy grazing encourages the weed by remov","originated in western N Amer, has not become established in any foreign country other than Aust; it is of some imprt as a weed in its native range, ie in California & Utah, it competes occasionally with grain, cotton & orchards particularly on soils which","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Malvella,leprosa, Alkali sida N # ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Malvella,leprosa, (was Sida leprosa),"alkali sida, ivy-leaf sida",Weed Science List
  • Malvella,leprosa, "(was Sida leprosa) alkali sida, ivy-leaf sida",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Modiola,caroliniana,Carolina Mallow,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Modiola,caroliniana, Carolina Mallow,"Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8","S Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Modiola,caroliniana, Weed Science List
  • Modiola,caroliniana, bristly mallow,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pavonia,coccinea,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pavonia,hastata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pavonia,hastata, Weed Science List
  • Pavonia,lasiopetala, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pavonia,wrightii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sida,acuta, spinyhead sida,", pasture",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Sida,acuta,"spinyhead sida, sida, broomweed, cheeseweed, southern sida, spiny-headed sida",XHX,L,NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sida,acuta, Southern sida,54% germ of seeds planted in moist sand a few wks after collection,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Sida,acuta, "spinyhead sida, sida, broomweed, cheeseweed, southern sida, spiny-headed sida","this deep-rooted plant competes strongly with crops & pastures for light & nutrients; it is a serious weed of several crops, ranging from onions & beans in Brazil to coffee in Colombia, coconuts in Trinidad, rubber in Malaysia, pastures in the Markham Val","native of C Amer; it is now widespread throughout the tropics & subtropics of the world, including the SW Pacific islands & Aust; it grows between sea level & 1500m altitude in Indonesia, is found in the foothills of the Peruvian Andes & at medium & highe","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Sida,acuta, "spinyhead sida, sida", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Sida,acuta, southern sida,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sida,acuta, "spinyhead sida, sida",P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sida,alba,syn S. spinosa,Prickly sida,"fields, roadsides, canal banks; especially frequent during summer in Upper Egypt","trop. & S Afar, Amer","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Sida,angustifolia, Weed Science List
  • Sida,angustifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sida,cordifolia, flannel weed,", ",French Polynesia; Guam; Papua New Guinea; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Sida,cordifolia,"flannel weed, sida, flannel sida, heartleaf sida",XH,L,NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sida,cordifolia, "flannel weed, sida, flannel sida, heartleaf sida","Flannel weed is a serious weed in a wide range of tropical & subtropical crops, ranging from rice in Brazil to pineapples in S Afr, pastures in PNG & cotton, pastures, sugarcane & tobacco in Aust, often reducing yields significantly; in the NT it occasion","India is listed as the natural habitat of this pan-tropical plant, it is probably native to all tropical regions, including Austa common weed of disturbed soils throughout coastal Qld & up to 650km inland, extending southward to the N Coast of NSW; it is","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Sida,cordifolia, "flannel weed, sida", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Sida,cordifolia, heartleaf sida,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sida,cordifolia, "flannel weed, sida",P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sida,fallax, ", young coconut",French Polynesia; Kiribati; Tuvalu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Sida,hederacea, alkali sida,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sida,leprosa,ivy-leaved sida,L,Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sida,leprosa, Alkali Mallow ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Sida,physocalyx, tuberous sida,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sida,retusa, 72% germ of seeds planted in moist sand a few wks after collection,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Sida,rhombifolia, ", ",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Sida,rhombifolia,"Sida retusa, Sida rohlenae","paddy's lucerne, arrowleaf sida, broomstick, common sida, jellyleaf, shrub sida",XXH,NLP,NT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sida,rhombifolia," Sida retusa, Sida rohlenae","paddy's lucerne, arrowleaf sida, broomstick, common sida, jellyleaf, Queensland hemp, shrub sida, sida retusa","this common weed of the warmer regions is a serious competitor for light & nutrients in both crops & pastures; it is becoming a problem in soyabeans & vegetable crops in Brazil, cotton in the US & peanuts, tobacco & pastures in Aust; it is a common compon","endemic throughout the tropics, including Austit is common along the whole of the eastern & northern coasts of the continent & also occurs sporadically inland; it is present in the Kerang-Swan Hill region of Vic, the Western Plains of NSW, to the north ","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Sida,rhombifolia, paddy's lucerne,Weed Science List
  • Sida,rhombifolia,syn Sida retusa,"sunny or lightly shaded, not too moist sites; preferably grasslands, also roadsides, lawns, coconut groves; less common than Sida retusa; from 0-2100m alt; in seasonal or non-seasonal regions (Java); upland & gogo rancah rice fields, sometimes a useful pl","Asia, pantropical, also in the subtropics; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Sida,rhombifolia, "common sida, paddy's lucerne, sida, arrowleaf sida, broom weed","Sida rhombifolia is a persistent, semiwoody weed common in pastures, roadsides, waste areas and short and long-season crops throughtout tropical and subtropical regions and is described as a pantropical species. It is one of the most widespread Sida spec","tropical, and subtropical regions",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Sida,rhombifolia, arrowleaf sida,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sida,rhombifolia, paddy's lucerne,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Sida,spinosa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sida,spinosa, Prickly Sida,imazaquin 1995 USA , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Sida,spinosa, prickly sida,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sida,stipulata, Weed Science List
  • Sida,stipulata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Thespesia,populnea, "portia tree, seaside mahoe",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Thespesia,populnea,seaside mahoe,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Urena,lobata, "hibiscus burr, urena burr",", pasture, roadsides",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Urena,lobata,"urena weed, pink flowered Chinese burr",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Urena,lobata, Cadillo,81% germ of seeds planted in moist sand 2wks after collection,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Urena,lobata, cadillo,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Urena,lobata,Caesar's weed,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Marantaceae
  • Haumania,danckelmaniana, P,3 spp. from tropical Africa,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Thaumastochloa,danielii,sweet prayer plant,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Marsileaceae
  • Marsilea,aegyptiaca,syn ,Nardoo,"canals, ditches, rice fields, moist ground","Egypt, Tunisia, E Afr, SW Afr, Madagascar","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Marsilea,crenata, water clover, Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Marsilea,crenata,syn ,"wet or fallow fields, shallow ditches & pools; locally abundant; occurs up to 900m alt; irrigated, rainfed & lebak rice fields, vegetative growth & reproduction is very fast, by creeping runners; the species also grows under water, which makes control by ","unknown, pantropical; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Marsilea,mucronata, pepperwort,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Marsilea,mutica,nardoo,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Marsilea,quadrifolia, Weed Science List
  • Marsilea,quadrifolia, perennial sub-dominance , Taiwan Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Marsilea,quadrifolia, "European pepperwort, pepperwort","Marsilea quadrifolia is an herbaceous, heterosporous, perennial, widely distributed aquatic fern and a major weed of paddy fields and a troublemaker in ponds, lakes and irrigation systems in more than 40 countries. It is a serious weed of rice in Banglad","circumpolar distribution; it is found over much of Eur but is most troublesome in the west, southeast,a nd the northern Medit area.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Marsilea,quadrifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Regnellidium,diphyllum, Weed Science List
  • Regnellidium,diphyllum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Martyniaceae
  • Ibicella,lutea,"Martynia lutea, Proboscidea lutea","yellowflower devil's claw, elephant-tusks, goat head, unicorn plant",LP,NSW; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ibicella,lutea," Martynia lutea, Proboscidea lutea","yellowflower devil's claw, elephant-tusks, goat head, unicorn plant","originated throughout the Americas & has become of some imprt as a weed in its native range, eg. in the western US it occurs densely on grazing lands in some years & a weed of cultivation following summer rains; is a weed of some imprt in the Transvaal Pr","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Ibicella,lutea, yellowflower devil's claw,Weed Science List
  • Ibicella,lutea, yellowflower devil's claw,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Martynia,annua,Martynia diandra,"devil's claw, smallfruit devil's claw, small-fruited devil's claw, tiger's claw, ice plant",XH,LP,NT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Martynia,annua, Martynia diandra,"devil's claw, smallfruit devil's claw, small-fruited devil's claw, tiger's claw, ice plant","native to Mexico has been introd as an ornamental to most of the warmer parts of the world; it is now a common weed of the West Indies & India & occurs frequently in Mauritius, the Seychelles & Sri Lanka","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Martynia,annua, "devil's claw, small fruit devil's claw",Weed Science List
  • Martynia,annua, "devil's claw, small fruit devil's claw",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Proboscidea,fragrans,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Proboscidea,louisianica,"Martynia louisiana, Martynia proboscidea, Proboscidea jussieui","purpleflower devil's claw, elephant-tusks, goat head, unicorn plant",LP,NSW; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Proboscidea,louisianica," Martynia louisiana, Martynia proboscidea, Proboscidea jussieui","purpleflower devil's claw, elephant-tusks, goat head, unicorn plant","occurs in all mainland States ex the NT, in isolated patches on roadsides, neglected areas & occasionally on fallows & in annual pastures, but broad area infestations area rare; it is more troublesome in NSW than other States","originated throughout the Americas & has become of some imprt as a weed in its native range, eg. in the western US it occurs densely on grazing lands in some years & a weed of cultivation following summer rains & is becoming a problem in vegetable crops i","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Proboscidea,louisianica, Devil's claw ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Proboscidea,louisianica, purple flower devil's claw,"Common Name: Unicorn Flower, Ram's Horn Family: Martyniaceae Stapf ( ~Pedaliaceae Stapf) Description: Annual, clammy, low and spreading, to 3 feet across, branches in pairs; leaves nearly orbicular to ovate-cordate, to 1 foot acros",Weed Science List
  • Proboscidea,louisianica, devilsclaw,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Proboscidea,louisianica,"syn P. jussieui, P. louisiana","purple flower devil's claw, unicorn-plant",P,See also subordinate taxa: Proboscidea louisianica ssp. fragrans Proboscidea louisianica ssp. louisianica W. C. Martin & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. (F NewMex) J. T. Kartesz. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora ,"Mexico [north & central]; United States [south-central, but widely natzd. elsewhere]; introd. & natzd. elsewhere",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Proboscoidea,louisianica, Weed Science List


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