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Plant families: Cyatheaceae-Euphorbiaceae

  • Cyatheaceae
  • Cyathea,cooperi, Cooper's cyathea,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Cyatheaceae
  • Cyathea,cooperi, Weed Science List
  • Sphaeropteris,cooperi,Cyathea cooperi,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cycadaceae
  • Cycas,spp.,"zamia, tree zamia, zamia palm, cycads, nut palm, dwarf sago",N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cycas,spp., "zamia, tree zamia, zamia palm",raw seeds are acutely poisonous & young leaves can be quite toxic,"Asia, the Pacific Is. PNG, & northern Aust""broad band through moderate rainfall belt in central & northern Qld, NT & northern WA""","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cyperaceae
  • Bulbostylis,barbata,syn ,"open,dry & sandy palces, often near the sea, dunes, fields, savannahs, on any dry cultivated land; from 0-1000m alt, usually below 500m; the whole plant turns reddish on drying; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","unknown, pantropical, also in the southern USA; throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan & Sulawesi, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Bulbostylis,puberula, Weed Science List
  • Bulbostylis,puberula, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Bulbostylis,striatella,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bulbostylis,striatella, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised - spreading; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Bulbpstylis,puberula,"syn Fimbristylis puberula, Scirpus puberulus, Stenophyllus puberulus","sandy, open places at low altitudes, often near the sea; locally abundant; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, pubescene of the stem is variable","unknown, tropical Asia & afr, rarely in W Malesia; in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, Madura & Kalimantan, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Carex,albo-nigra, "dormant at harvest, broken by scarification of achenes on basal end",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Carex,albula,New Zealand hair sedge,X,NL,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,aquatilis, water sedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carex,arenaria,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,arenaria, Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Carex,atherodes, sugargrass sedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carex,buchananii, New Zealand sedge,at least 3 species have been planted on Tasmanian roadsides & parklands & at least 1 is now naturalised in clearings of a eucalypt forest in the south east,native of NZ occurring on both main islands from mountain areas to coast,"Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Carex,buchananii, New Zealand sedge,Weed Science List
  • Carex,buchananii, New Zealand sedge,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Carex,buxbaumii,New Zealand sedge,L,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,comans,Carex albula ,New Zealand sedge,LP,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,comans, Carex albula ,New Zealand sedge,native of NZ occurring on both main islands from mountain areas to coastat least 3 species have been planted on Tasmanian roadsides & parklands & at least 1 is now naturalised in clearings of a eucalypt forest in the south east,"Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Carex,comans, New Zealand sedge,Weed Science List
  • Carex,comans, New Zealand sedge,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Carex,demissa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,disticha,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,divisa,divided sedge,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,divisa, New Zealand sedge,Weed Science List
  • Carex,divulsa,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,ebenea, dormant at harvest; fluorescent or red light effective in breaking dormancy,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Carex,eurycarpa, widefruit sedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carex,flacca,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,flacca, "vegetative reproduction via rhizomes; dormancy of 9-12 mths but remain viable for 5yrs; germ on damp filter paper in petri dish in cool greenhouse, germ slow 6-8wks before seed coat burst & germ occurs",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Carex,flagellifera,New Zealand sedge,LP,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,flagellifera, New Zealand sedge,native of NZ occurring on both main islands from mountain areas to coastat least 3 species have been planted on Tasmanian roadsides & parklands & at least 1 is now naturalised in clearings of a eucalypt forest in the south east,"Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Carex,flagellifera, New Zealand sedge,Weed Science List
  • Carex,flagellifera, New Zealand sedge,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Carex,kobomugi, Asiatic sand sedge,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Carex,lacustris, ripgut sedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carex,lanceolata, , Miyagi ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Carex,lasiocarpa var. latifolia, bull sedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carex,lepidocarpa,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,lepidocarpa, Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Carex,lupulina, hop sedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carex,muricata,"syn Carex stellulata auct. non Goodenough, Carex pairaei F.W. Schultz",rough sedge,P,"Infra specific taxa in the C. muricata group. (Source Tropicos 3)C. muricata V. Krecz. (sensu) C. muricata var. americana L.H. Bailey, 1886C. muricata var. angustata (J. Carey in A. Gray) Gleason, 1952 C. muricata subsp. cephalantha (L.H. Bailey) R.","Origin Ecuador (see map in Flora of North America listing)also found in Ontario, Massachusetts and Utah (see Tropicos 3 record for map of Utah)",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Carex,nebraskensis, Nebraska sedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carex,nervata, annual sub-dominance , Miyagi Oita ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Carex,nubigera, , Niigata ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Carex,ovalis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,pilulifera,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,pilulifera, Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Carex,punctata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,punctata, Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Carex,scoparia,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,scoparia, Region of origin - N Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Carex,senta, rough sedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Carex,spp., "seeds germ at once or soon after harvest, seeds exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Carex,spp., New Zealand sedges,Weed Science List
  • Carex,testacea,New Zealand sedge,X,LP,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carex,testacea, Region of origin - NZ; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Carex,testacea, New Zealand sedge,native of NZ occurring on both main islands from mountain areas to coastat least 3 species have been planted on Tasmanian roadsides & parklands & at least 1 is now naturalised in clearings of a eucalypt forest in the south east,"Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Carex,testacea, New Zealand sedge,Weed Science List
  • Carex,testacea, New Zealand sedge,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cladium,jamaicense, sawgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cladium,mariscoides, smooth sawgrass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cladium,mariscus, vegetative propagation,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cladium,procerum,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Courtoisina,cyperoides, Weed Science List
  • Courtoisina,cyperoides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,aggregatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,albostriatus,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,albostriatus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,alopecuroides,syn Juncellus alopecuroides,Foxtail sedge,"Nile and canal banks, drains, swamps, ditches, rice fields, standing water reservoirs""Cultivated in some regions of the Nile Delta, in Fayoun cultivated in limited areas for making mats & chairs""","trop. Afr, SE Asia, West Indies","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Cyperus,alternifolius, Umbrella flatsedge,"97% germ with temp & light alt. (20C in dark for 16hrs, 30-35C in light for 8hrs) 2 mths after harvest",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,alternifolius, umbrella flatsedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,alternifolius,umbrella plant,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Cyperus,amabilis, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,amabilis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,arenarius,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,arenarius, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,armuricus, annual dominant weed in crops , Upland Korea ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cyperus,aromaticus,"Cyperus melanospermus, Kyllinga elata, Kyllinga monocephala, Kyllinga monophyllya, Kyllinga polyphlla",Navua sedge,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,aromaticus, Region of origin - trop Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Cyperus,aromaticus," Cyperus melanospermus, Kyllinga elata, Kyllinga monocephala, Kyllinga monophyllya, Kyllinga polyphlla",Navua sedge,"extremely aggressive & unpalatable plant, capable of smothering many trop. pasture species; usually confined to wetter low lying pastures & waste places; produces an abundance of seed","native to trop Afr, Madagascar, Mauritius & Seychelles; introd Sri Lanka, the Malay Peninsula & a number of SW Pacific Is. includ Fiji, Vanuatu, Samoa, Solomons & Tahiti""introd to northern Qld, now found in several parts of Hambledon, Mulgrave & Babinda ","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cyperus,aromaticus, Navua sedge,Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,aromaticus, Navua sedge,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,articulatus,syn ,"canal banks, drains, lakes, marshesPlant is locally used in Egypt formaking mats; rhizomes are used as incense & retain their fragrant smell for a long time.","trop. & subtrop. Afr, Asia N & S Amer","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Cyperus,articulatus, jointed flatsedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,babakan,"syn Cyperus babakensis; Cyperus pilosus var. babakansis, Cyperus pilosus babakensis","swamps, open forests; up to 100m alt; lowland-irrigated & lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","unknown, from India& Assam to Indochina, Malesia;throughout Indonesia except the Lesser Sunda Islands & the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,brevifolius,Mullumbimbi couch,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,brevifolius, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,brevifolius, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cyperus,brevifolius,syn Kyllinga brevifolia,"sunny or partly shaded wetlands, along roads, grasslands, damp forest clearings, riverbanks, plantations, up to 1500(-3000)m alt; most troublesome from 750-2000m; rainfed, gogo rancah & rims of lebak rice fields, sometimes troublesome, sometimes used as f","Asia, pantropical & subtropical; widely distributed in Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,brevifolius, mullum bimby couch,Cyperus brevifolius is most often found in around lowland rice fields. It is a reported weed of 17 crops in 43 countries.,tropical and subtropical regions around the world.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Cyperus,cephalotes,syn ,"in floating islands of Pistia, Salvinia etc, in ponds or rivers, up to 100m alt; lebak rice fields; the corky tissue acts as a floater, a weed of minor importance, ","Asia, from India to China & tropical Aust; rare in Malesia; in Indonesia: Java, Kalimantan & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,compactus,"syn Cyperus dilutus, Mariscus compactus, Mariscus dilutus, Mariscus microcephalus","wet sites, swamps, soggy grasslands, pools, coastal marshes, ditches, riverbanks; up to 500m alt. (rarely up to 1000m); often gregarious & conspicuous because of the reddish brown inflorescences; rainfed & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","Asia, India to S China & Taiwan, throughout Malesia, mostly common; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,compressus,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,compressus, seeds dormant at harvest; prechilling at 10C between layers of moist cotton; germ alt. temp of 20C in dark & room temp in light; seed dry stored for over 7mths 71% germ & 95% after 26mths storage,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,compressus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,compressus, ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cyperus,compressus,syn ,"common weed of open grasslands, waste places, roadsides, premises, seashores; lowlands, rarely up to 1000m alt; rainfed & upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, African specimens sometimes have conspicuously purple-spotted glumes, as in Cyperus s","Asia, pantropical; common in Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,concinnus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,congestus,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,congestus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,cyperoides,"syn Cyperus sieberianus, Cyperus umbellatus, Mariscus cyperoides, Mariscus sieberianus, Mariscus umbellatus, Scirpus cyperoides","open to lightly shaded grasslands, old clearings, secondary forests, roadsides, thickets; often a common weed in gardens; up to 2000m alt; upland rice fields, troublesome weed at higher altitudes, ","old world tropics, tropics & subtropics of Afr, Asia, Pacific & Aust; intro in the West Indies; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,diandrus, low flatsedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,difformis, Smallflower Umbrella Sedge ,bensulfuron 1993 USA Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Cyperus,difformis, Smallflower Umbrella Sedge ,bensulfuron 1994 Australia Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Cyperus,difformis,syn ,"a characteristic weed in rice fields, also along canal banks & ditches","Medit, trop. & subtrop. Afr & Asia; introduced into N Amer","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Cyperus,difformis, rice flatsedge,annual dominance , Thailand Taiwan Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cyperus,difformis,syn ,"flooded or very wet soils; open soggy grasslands, pools, riverbanks, often associated with C. halpan, C. iria & C. sanguinolentus; usually scattered, but often becoming dominant; prefers fertile soils, but can also grow in poor, sandy or clayey soils; can","tropics of the Old World, tropics & subtropics of the Old World, from S Eur to Japan; from India to the Pacific, Aust, & Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,difformis, smallflower umbrellaplant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,digitatus,syn Mariscus sieberianus var. evolutior,"open. wet places, swamps, riverbanks; up to 800m alt; rainfed & lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","Asia?, pantropical, rare in tropical Afr; Malesia; throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,distans,syn ,"moist or wet sites; swamps, along water courses, grassy roadsides, pastures,open places in secondary forest; up to 1800m alt; scattered or in groups; lowland-irrigated, rainfed, & upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, found in the lowlands (0-30","unknown, pantropical & subtropical; common in Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,dubius,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,dubius, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,elatus,syn ,"a weed of minor importance, ","Asia, India to Malesia; in Indonesia but not found in the Moluccas & Irian Jaya as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,eragrostis,"umbrella sedge, umbrella grass, drain flat-sedge",HXH,L,WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,eragrostis, Drain Flat-sedge,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10,13","N&S Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Cyperus,eragrostis, "umbrella sedge, umbrella grass, drain flat-sedge","it blocks channels & drains & competes with pasture in low-lying, moist areas & with rice in some districts; very persistent once established; stock graze it only sparingly & its presence reduces carrying capacity","native of N & S Amer & has become a widespread weed in temp. areas of Eur, S Afr, NZ & Austintrod to Aust & is widespread throughout all temp areas","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cyperus,eragrostis, "umbrella sedge, umbrella grass",Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,eragrostis, tall umbrellaplant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,eragrostis, "umbrella sedge, umbrella grass",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,erythrorhizos, Redroot flatsedge,seed dormant at harvest; prechilling moist seeds at 10C for periods ranging 12-32wks; germ at alt. temp of 20C in dark & room temp in light; dry stored seed max germ of 72% after 1 yr storage,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,erythrorhizos, redroot flatsedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,esculenta, Yellow nutsedge ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Cyperus,esculentus,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,esculentus, Serious tropical weed,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Cyperus,esculentus, Yellow Nutsedge ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cyperus,esculentus, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Cyperus,esculentus, Yellow nutsedge,"vegetative propagation of tubers; seed dormant for up to 1mth, dry storage for several mths or moist at 10C broke dormancy; germ 16hrs dark at 20C & 8hrs light at 35C, moistening with 0.2% soln of KNO3 or treating with conc. sulfuric acid inc. germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,esculentus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,esculentus, yellow nutsedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,esculentus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,f. humilis, dwarf white kyllinga,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,flavescens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,flavescens, "freshly harvested seed dormant; prechilling moist seed at 10C for 15wks; germ at alt. temp of 20C in dark & room temp in light; dry stored seed for 5mths germ 31%, 80% for 27mths storage",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,flavescens, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,flavidus,"syn Cyperus flavescens, Cyperus globosus, Cyperus junghuhnii, Pycreus globosus, Pycerus globosus var. nilagiricus","open, wet sites; swamps, grassy lands, watesides, etc; rare in the lowlands, goes up to 2100m (in Irian Jaya up to 2800m); irrigated rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Afr or Asia, from tropical Afr to the Medit region, through C & S Asia to Aust; rather common in Malesia, but so far not known from the Malay Peninusla & Kalimantan","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,flavus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,fuscus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,fuscus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,gymnocaulos,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,hakonensis, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,hakonensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,halpan,syn Cyperus haspan,"open, very wet places, lowland & up to 1900m alt; found at the top of Mount Agung, Bali at 3150m alt; lowland-irrgated, rainfed, lebak, & tidal rice fields, although it is common, this weed is of minor importance, a subspecies Cyperus halpan subsp. juncoi","unknown, tropics & subtropics of the whole world; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,hamulosus,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,hamulosus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,haspan, sheathed cyperus,Cyperus haspan is most often found in around lowland rice fields. It is a reported weed of 12 crops in 39 countries.,tropical and subtropical regions around the world.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Cyperus,hermaphroditus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,hermaphroditus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,imbricatus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,imbricatus, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cyperus,imbricatus,syn Cyperus radiatus,"open, wet places, swamps, river banks; at low altitudes, rarely up to 900m; lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, in the Philippines the outer stem parts are stripped off & used for making mats","Asia, pantropical, widely distributed in Malesia; in Indonesia, not yet recorded from the Moluccas","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,imbricatus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,involucratus,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,involucratus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,iria,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,iria, Rice flatsedge,"freshly harvested seed dormant; prechilling moist seed at 10C or dry storage at room temp for 2.5mths or longer germ 38%; supplying light, moistening withKNO3 soln & alt. temp of 20-30 inc. germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,iria, "annual dominance, sub-dominance ", Upland Korea Upland Japan Thailand Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cyperus,iria,syn ,grasshopper's sedge,"open, wet places; waste grounds, ditches, river banks; up to 700m alt. (rarely up to 1200m); all kinds of rice fields, but not a problem in upland rice fields, one of the three most important weeds of rice inCeylon, India & the Philippines; a principal we","Asia, widely distributed in tropical & subtropical Asia from Iran, Afghanistan, China & Japan to the S Pacific & Aust, W & E Afr; introd in the USA & W Indies; common in Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,iria, rice flatsedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,kyllingia,"syn Cyperus monocephalus, Kyllinga monocephalus","slightly shaded or not too sunny & not too dry sites, wastelands, roadsides, grasslands, gardens, coffee estate, secondary forest; at low & medium altitudes, rarely up to 1700m; upland & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, a cattle fodder in ","Asia, tropics & subtropics of Asia, less common in tropical Afr & Aust, rare in tropical Amer; widely distributed in Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,kyllingia, white kyllinga,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,kyllingia, white kyllinga,P,"Weed of turf, not known to be in WAIn: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 19666 refs in CAB extracts, see file in "Climate" folder",Northern and the extreme SE corner of QLD,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,laevigatus,syn Juncellus laevigatus,Tawny sedge,"canal banks, around wells & springs, moist saline soils","Afr, including the oases of the Sahara, N Medit, many trop. & subtrop. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Cyperus,longus,syn ,Rough cyperus,"Nile and canal banks, moist groundRhizomes are aromatic & are used for scenting. Their decoction is diuretic & is used in the treatment of rheumatism","Medit, W & C Eur, trop. Afr, W & C Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Cyperus,longus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,longus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,luzulae, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,luzulae, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,malaccensis,"syn Cyperus tegetiformis, Cyperus tegetum","moist places; muddy river estuaries, sandy foreshores; often forming a dense fringe vegetation; often in brackish water; subcoastal; tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, stems are used for making mats & baskets; in Philippines stems are used for","Asia, from Mesopotamia through India to S China, N Aust & Polynesia; common in Malesia; thoroughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands & the Moluccas","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,maritimus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,maritimus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,metzii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,microiria, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,microiria, , Upland Japan Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cyperus,microiria, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,obtusiflorus, seeds dormant at harvest; prechilling at 10C for 3 days; germ seeds by planting on soil surface,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,odoratus, seeds dormant at harvest; prechilling moist seed at 10C for 10wks; germat alt. temp of 20C in dark & room temp in light; dry stored seed germ % inc. with time,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,odoratus,"syn Cyperus ferox, Mariscus ferox, Torulinum ferox","wet sites, marshes, riverbanks, usually at low altitudes, 6-200m; a few records from 1900-2100m (Lombok Island); lowland irrigated rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","unknown, warmer regions of the whole world; throughout Malesia, but nowhere common; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,ovularis, seeds dormant at harvest; prechilling moist seed at 10C for 10-33wks; germ at alt. temp at 20C in dark & room temp in light; dry stored seed still needs prechilling at 10C for 8-32wks,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,papyrus,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,papyrus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,pilosus,syn ,"open wet sites, swamps, grasslands, border of water courses; up to 1500m alt; lowland-irrigated, lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","Asia, from C Asia to Japan & tropical Aust; rare in tropical W Afr; common & often abundant all over Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,platystylis,syn ,"very wet sites; swamps, swinging bogs; usually below 500m alt, rarely up to 1000m alt; lowland-irrigated & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","SE Asia, fromIndia to Taiwan, Malesia, Qld, NSW; rare in Malesia, not in the Philippines; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,polystachyos,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,polystachyos, var. texensis ,"seeds dormant at harvest; prechilling moist seed at 10C for 10-28wks; germ at alt. temp at 20C in dark & room temp in light; dry stored seed 46% germ after 14mths, & 18% 24 mths after harvest",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,polystachyos, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,polystachyos, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cyperus,polystachyos,"syn Cyperus odoratus, Pycreus polystachyos, Rycreus odoratus","wet places, moist grasslands, borders of water courses, roadsides, also on salty mud along the sea; up to 1800m alt; lowland-irrigated rice fields, a weed of minor importance, very variable in size & density of the inflorescence; the ones with very lax in","Asia, Asia, Aust, Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,procerus, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cyperus,procerus,syn Cyperus ornatus,"open, very moist or wet sites; swamps, pools, often near the sea in brackish water; lowland, up to 250m alt; lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, the Malesian form represents Cyperus procerus var. lasiorrachis which has sca","unknown, from India to Indochina & E China, Taiwan, southwards to Qld; in Malesia rather rare; in Indonesia: Java, Kalimantan & the Lesser Sunda Islands","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,prolifer,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,prolifer, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,prolifer,dwarf papyrus,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Cyperus,pulcherrimus,syn ,"Open, moist or wet areas; swamps, pool; up to 750m alt; lowland-irrigated, lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","SE Asia, from India, Thailand, Indochina; up to 750m alt; lowland-irrigated, lebak & tidal rice fields","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,pulcherrrimum, , Upland Korea Upland Japan Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cyperus,pumilus,"syn Cyperus nitens, Pycreus nitens, Pycreus pumilus","open, moist to rather dry sites; fields, moist pastures, sugar-cane plantations, often on sand; up to 600m alt; lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields; not common, a weed of minor importance, ","Asia, Indochina, S China, Taiwan, Qld, scattered in Malesia; varieties in Amer & Afr; throughout Indonesia except Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,pygmaeus,syn Juncellus pygmaeus,"desiccated pools & ditches, muddy riverbanks; up to 700m alt; rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","Asia, Medit area; E Afr, from the Middle East through S & SE Asia to Aust, very rare in Malesia, a few localities in the Philippines, in Indonesia: Java, Suamtra, Sulawesi & Irian Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,reflexus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,reflexus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,rigens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,rigens, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,rigidifolius, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,rigidifolius, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,rotundus, "nutgrass, nutsedge, purple nutsedge","tropical America, gardens, field crops",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Fed. States of Micronesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Cyperus,rotundus,"nutgrass, nut sedge, purple nutgrass, purple nutsedge, red grass, red nutgrass, water grass",XXH,NLP,Vic; SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,rotundus, Serious tropical weed,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Cyperus,rotundus, Purple Nutsedge ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cyperus,rotundus, Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Cyperus,rotundus, Purple nutsedge,vegetative propagation of tuber; seeds dormant at maturity up to 7-8yrs; dormancy broken by heating seed to 40C on moist substratum for 3-6wks; germ alt. temp 20C in dark 30C in light,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,rotundus, "nutgrass, nut sedge, purple nutgrass, purple nutsedge, red grass, red nutgrass, water grass",invasive & aggressive competitor with agric. crops; densities of over 500 plts/sq.m recorded; smothers virtually all other plants as well as removing large amounts of moisture & nutrients,"originated in India & northern & eastern Australia; worlds worst weed; troublesome in 52 crops in 92 countries; present throughout Asia, Pacific Is, Afr, S Amer & Middle East, NAmer, & Mex""occurs in all Aust states ex. Tas, only serious weed of Qld & nor","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cyperus,rotundus, ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Cyperus,rotundus, Nutgrass * ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Movement prohibited on roads (Section 52(2) applies)","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Cyperus,rotundus,syn ,"Nut-grass, Purple nutsedge","fields, gardens, lawns, moist ground""Tubers are used in folk medicine as a sedative, diuretic, carminative, stimulant, tonic, aphrodisiac & stomachic""","Medit, W & C Eur, trop. Afr, widespread in many torp. & subtrop. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Cyperus,rotundus, nutgrass,Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,rotundus, purple nutsedge,perennial sub-dominance , Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cyperus,rotundus,syn ,"nutgrass, purple nutsedge, nutsedge","sunny to lightly shaded localities, in gardens, lawns, along roads, waste places; can hardly stand salt; at low & medium altitudes, up to 1800m; gogo rancah & upland rice fields, Cyperus rotundus is one of the world's worst weeds; when the rice fields run","India, warmer parts of the whole world, widely distributed; very common in Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,rotundus, purple nutsedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,rotundus, nutgrass,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,sanguinolentus,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,sanguinolentus,"syn Cyperus eragrostis, Pycreus eragrostis, Pycreus snaguinolentus","wet, open palces, swamps, soggy grasslands; up to 3000m alt; locally abundant; lowland-irrigated, rainfed & tidal rice fields, important weed in rice, apart from the typical one (subsp. sanguinolentus) with 3 stamens, three other subsp. have been recogniz","Eastern hemishpere, warmer parts of the eastern hemisphere, tropical Afr, from the Black Sea through C & E Asia to Japan & Aust; often common in Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,serotinus, "perennial dominance, sub-dominance ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cyperus,sesquiflorus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,sesquiflorus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,sphacelatus,syn ,"grasslands, often a weed on airstrips; low altitudes; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, but might become noxious; spreads fast, resembles Cyperus tenuiculmis, but the latter is a perennial with remote (not imbricate) glumes, linear anthers, ","tropical Afr or Amer, tropical Afr & tropical Amer; introd in S India, Aust, Tahiti, Malesia, New Britian; first collected in N Sumatra in 1922; spread throughout Indonesia except Sulawesi & the Lesser Sunda Islands, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,strigosus, False nutsedge,seeds dormant at harvest; prechilling at 10C for 10-25 wks; germ 20C in dark & room temp in light; 90% germ after dry storage at room temp for 7mths,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,strigosus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,strigosus, false nutsedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,strigosus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,tegetum, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,tegetum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cyperus,tenellus,Tiny Flat-sedge,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,tenellus, Tiny Flat-sedge,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,9","S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Cyperus,tenellus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,tenuiflorus,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,tenuiflorus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,tenuispica,syn Cyperus flavidus,"very wet open places; up to 500m alt; lowland- irrigated & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","E Asia, warm regions of the eastern hemisphere; tropical Afr, from India to S China & S Japan, from Malesia to tropical Aust; scattered in Malesia; throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cyperus,tuberosus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,tuberosus, Weed Science List
  • Cyperus,var. gracilis, slender umbrella flatsedge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cyperus,virens, Cyperus pseudovegetus,seeds dormant at harvest; prechilling at 2C for 10-29wks; germ alt. temp of 20C in dark & room temp in light; dry stored seed 95% germ after 8.5mths,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cyperus,vorsteri,cyperus,S,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cyperus,vorsteri, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Eleocharis,acicularis, "perennial dominance, sub-dominance ", Taiwan Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Eleocharis,acicularis,syn Scirpus acicularis,"open, damp or wet places on very wet, sandy soils at 900m alt; in Luzon in rice fields at 1450m; lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, the Malesian plants belong to E. acicularis var. longiseta, with 3-4 bristles distinctly ","northern hemisphere, widely distributed in N Amer, throughout Eur & northern Asia, Japan, Korea, extending south to the Ryukyu Islands, Yunnan, Annam, Taiwan, a northern element in Malesia & the Philippines; in Indonesia: so far found around Lake Toba in ","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eleocharis,acicularis, slender spikerush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eleocharis,acutangula,"syn Eleocharis fistulosa, Scripus acutangulus","open, wet places, swamps; at low altitudes, up to 800m;lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","SE Asia, widely distributed, but nowhere common in the Old & New World & the Afr tropics, Taiwan, Japan & tropical Aust; scattered in Malesia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eleocharis,afflata, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,afflata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleocharis,atropurpurea,syn Scirpus atrronpurpureus,"wet, soggy grassland; in W Java form 90-250m alt; Lowland-irrigated rice fields, a weed of minor importance, resembles E. geniculata, but of smaller stature, with more delicate, white, glossy-transparent bristles & more prominent glume-keels, which give t","tropical Asia, tropics of the Old & New World, also in the USA; in Eur: Italy & Switzerland, in tropical Aust, very rare in Malesia; in Indonesia: Java, Sumatra & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eleocharis,calva, "6% germ of seed stored in water at 1-3C for 7mths, then 40 days in germinator(2-quart jars of tap water placed in diffuse light on a greenhouse bench)",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Eleocharis,cellulosa, gulfcoast spikerush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eleocharis,chaetaria, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,chaetaria, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleocharis,congesta,"syn Eleocharis afflata, Eleocharis japonica, Eleocharis pellucida; Scirpus afflatus","shallow water, inundated & marshy places, ditches; up to 2800m alt; more common in W than in E Java; lowland-irrigated & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, in the axil of the lower glumes a plantule can be formed, which becomes free-floating o","E Asia, SE Asia, E Asia, from India to China & Japan; throughout Indonesia, except the Moluccas & Irian Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eleocharis,dulcis, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Eleocharis,dulcis,"syn Eleocharis equisetina, Eleocharis indica, Eleocharis plantaginea, Eleocharis plantaginoidea, Eleocharis tuberosa",Chinese water chestnut,"open, wet places, brackish & fresh water, swamps; sometimes forming pure stands;up to 1350m alt; lowland-irrigated, lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, sometimes troublesome in tidal rice fields, wild tubers, usually made into chips (em","SE Asia, tropical W Afr, Madagascar, SE Asia, from India to China, Taiwan, Japan, N Aust, Pacific, Malesia, throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eleocharis,erecta, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,erecta, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleocharis,geniculata, "central America, rice, moist areas",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; Niue; American Samoa; Solomon Islands ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Eleocharis,geniculata,"syn Eleocharis capitata, Eleocharis caribaea, Scirpus geniculatus","open sites, marshes, soggy grasslands, sometimes on brackish clay, rare, but locally sometimes abundant; in Java up to 900m alt; rainfed & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","Asia, the most widely distributed Eleocharis in the warmer parts of the Old & New World; in Malesia scattered, throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eleocharis,interstincta, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,interstincta, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleocharis,kuroguwai, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,kuroguwai, "perennial dominance, sub-dominance ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Eleocharis,kuroguwai, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleocharis,minuta,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eleocharis,minuta, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,mutata, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,mutata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleocharis,nodulosa, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,nodulosa, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleocharis,obtusa, blunt spikerush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eleocharis,ochreata, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,ochreata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleocharis,ochrostachys,"syn Eleocharis subulata, Eleocharis variegata, Scripus ochrostachys","open wet places, swamps, lake borders, floating islands; at low & medium altitudes, up to 1400m; sometimes dominant; rainfed & lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","Asia, from India to Indonesia, Taiwan, Pacific, scattered in Malesia, often very local; in Java only in the western part, in the Moluccas only recorded from Halmahera; not yet recorded from the Lesser Sunda Islands","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eleocharis,pachycarpa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eleocharis,pachycarpa, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,pallens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eleocharis,palustris, Creeping spikerush,"80-90% of fruit samples placed on moist filter paper in petri dishes in autumn & left for 6mths, germ progresses rapidly after this; rhizomes most common form of propagation",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Eleocharis,palustris, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,palustris, creeping spikerush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eleocharis,palustris, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleocharis,parodii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eleocharis,parodii, Region of origin - Argentina; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Eleocharis,parvula, dwarf spikerush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eleocharis,philippinensis,syn ,"almost always in open marshy sites; up to 400m alt; rainfed & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, resembles E. ochrostachys, but the latter has cylindrical to obscurely angular stems, shorter spikelets with appressed glumes & a differently-shap","Malesia, Thailand, Malesia, tropical Aust, New Caledonia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eleocharis,plantaginoidea, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,plantaginoidea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleocharis,quadrangulata, squarestem spikerush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eleocharis,retroflexa,"syn Eleocharis chaetaria, Chaetocyperus setaceus","wet, muddy places, along streams, moist road sides, shallow pools; up to 1600m alt; lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance; sometimes troublesome in tidal rice fields, ","AS Asia, or Amer, tropics of Amer, Asia, Aust; common in Malesia, throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eleocharis,tuberosa, Weed Science List
  • Eleocharis,tuberosa, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eleocharis,uniglumis, 20% of fruit samples placed on moist filter paper in petri dishes in autumn & left for 6mths; rhizomes most common form of propagation,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Eleocharis ,acicularis, "slender spikerush, needle spikerush","Eleocharis acicularis is ranked among the five most serious weeds in rice and is one of the most troublesome weeds in man's wet fields. It is one of the most widely distributed hydrophytes in the world, and is generally troublesome in all continents. It",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Eleocharis ,dulcis,syn ,"water chestnut, Chinese waterchestnut, ground chestnut, waternut","Eleocharis dulcis, the water chestnut, behaves as a weed in much of Asia and down throught the Pacific Islands, into Australia and is a weed of more than 45 countries and is another of the sedges that may be as harmful to agriculture for its interference",widely distributed,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Eleocharis ,palustris, "common spike rush, creeping spikerush, wiregrass","Eleocharis palustris is a weed in 40 countries in crops only near the Tropic of Cancer and in the North Temperate Zone, with the exception of general distribution over S Amer and an area in S Afr. It is a troublesome weed of aquatic sites and waterways.","widely distributed in the subtropics and the temperate zone north of the equator, and in S Amer, ",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Eriophorum,angustifolium, "vegetative propagation by rhizomes; seeds have dormant period, prechilling at 4C for 1wk induces germ ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Fimbristylis,acuminata,syn ,"open, wet or muddy places, swamps, river banks at low altitudes; up to 350m alt; rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, grows well in water with a low pH (up to 5) but questionably aslo in water with at high pH (up to 10), while it is scarce in ","S Asia, SE Asia, from Ceylon & India to S China & tropical Aust; scattered in Malesia, in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, Madura, Kalimantan & Irian Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fimbristylis,aestivalis,syn Scirpus aestivalis,"soggy, open places, fields, swamps; up to 1800m alt; lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, three varieties are known: F. aestivalis var. trichopoda with densely hairy inflorescence rays; var. macrostachya a much more robust ","Asia, from India through Thailand, Indochina to China, Taiwan, Japan & tropical Aust, scattered in Malesia; in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fimbristylis,albovirides,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Fimbristylis,alboviridis,syn ,"dry grass fields, roadsides; at low altitudes; rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","SE Asia, SE Asia, from India to west Malesia, Philippines; in Indonesia: so far collected only in Java","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fimbristylis,annua,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Fimbristylis,aphylla,"syn Fimbristylis globulosa var. aphylla, Fimbristylis quinquangularis ","open, wet places, swamps; up to 500m alt; lowland-irrigated, rainfed & lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, resembles Fimbristylis miliacea, the latter an annual with fibrous roots, angular spikelets & apiculates, distinctly keeled glumes","SA Asia, from India to Indochina; in western Malesia & in the Philippines, in Indonesia: Sumatra & Java, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fimbristylis,autumnalis, Weed Science List
  • Fimbristylis,autumnalis, slender fimbristylis,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fimbristylis,autumnalis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Fimbristylis,bisumbellata,syn Scripus bisumbellatus,"Nile and canal banks, rice fields",widespread in subtrop. & warm temp. regions of the world,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Fimbristylis,bisumbellata,syn Scirpus bisumbellatus,"along rivers, sandy river bars; in India a common weed of rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","unknown, from the Medit tothe tropics of the SE Asia to Aust; rare in Malesia, in Indonesia: with certainty only recorded from Java & Kalimantan","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fimbristylis,cymosa (=F. atollensis), "tropical America, sweet potato, taro",French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tuvalu,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Fimbristylis,dichotoma, ", sugarcane, lawns, wetlands",Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; Niue; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Fimbristylis,dichotoma, annual sub-dominance Weeds of sown grassland , Upland Korea Thailand Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Fimbristylis,dichotoma,"syn Fimbristylis annua, Fimbristylis diphylla, Fimbristylis longispica, Fimbristylis squarrosa, Scirpus dichotomus","open waste places, grassy roadsides, Imperata grasslands, tea plantations, teak forests, more rarely in swamps; sometimes abundant; up to 1500(-2500)m alt. (in PNG); flowers throughout the year; uplant rice fields, a serious weed in Fiji, Hawaii, Indochin","SE Asia, warmer parts of the world; one of the most widely distributed species; very common in Malesia, throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fimbristylis,diphylla, twoleaf fimbristylis,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Fimbristylis,floribunda, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Fimbristylis,globulosa, Weed Science List
  • Fimbristylis,globulosa,"syn Fimbristylis efoliata, Fimbristylis umbellaria, Scirpus globulosus","wet, open places, swamps, grass fields; usually at low altitudes, rarely up to 1000m; lowland-irrigated, rainfed, lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, the form with 2 stigmas is sometimes considered a different species, F. torresiana; th","SE Asia, from India through China to Micronesia & Polynesia; scattered in Malesia, throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fimbristylis,globulosa, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Fimbristylis,griffifhii,syn Fimbristylis aestivalis,"wet or swampy sites, riverbanks, lake borders, roadsides; at low altitudes, up to 700m; rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, often confused with F. aestivalis, which is smaller, weaker, hairy plant, without tubular leaf sheaths surrounding the","unknown, Bengal, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, scattered in Malesia, throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fimbristylis,littoralis, , Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Fimbristylis,miliacea, "grass-like fimbristylis, lesser fimbristylis",", rice, moist places",Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Western Samoa; Tuvalu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Fimbristylis,miliacea, 64% germ of seeds buried in ground for 6mths & planted in moist sand,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Fimbristylis,miliacea, Globe fringerush,"2,4-D 1989 Malaysia Rice ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Fimbristylis,miliacea, annual sub-dominance , Thailand Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Fimbristylis,miliacea,syn Fimbristylis littoralis,"damp waste places,ditches; prolific seed-producer; up to 10 000 seeds/plant; from 0-1000m alt; in all kinds of rice fields, a troublesome weed in 21 countries; one of the three most serious weeds in rice; although it occurs mainly in rice fields, it was a","tropical Amer, pantropical; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fimbristylis,ovata,"syn Fimbristylis monostachyos, Abildgaardia compressa, Carex ovata","sunny to lightly shaded, not too wet grasslands, grassy roadsides, planted teak forests (Java); up to 900(-1200) m alt; ofen abundant; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","unknown, pantropical; everywhere in Malesia, rarer in the Malay Peninsula, throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fimbristylis,quinquangularis, Weed Science List
  • Fimbristylis,quinquangularis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Fimbristylis,schoenoides,"syn Fimbristylis bispicata, Scirpus schoenoides","open grasslands, esp. on less permeable soils, Imperata lands; at low altitudes, up to 400m; rainfed & upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, the species could also represent F. caesia, which only differs by its more slender habit & the emarginat","SE Asia, SE Asia, India, S China, from Taiwan to tropical Aust; introd but still rare in Amer, scattered in Malesia, throughout Indonesia, except Sulawesi, the Moluccas & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fimbristylis,tomentosa,"syn Fimbristylis podocarpa, Fimbristylis schoenoides","open or lightly shaded moist sites, grasslands, grassy roadsides, forest clearings; usually below 200m alt; up to 1200m; lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","SE Asia, tropical Afr, Madagascar, Mauritius, from India to S China, Micronesia & tropical Aust, more widely distributed than F. dichotoma in Malesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fuirena,ciliaris, annual sub-dominance , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Fuirena,ciliaris,syn Fuirena glomerata,"open wet sites, swampy grasslands, riverbanks at low altitudes, usually below 1000m; usually scattered , sometimes abundant; lowland-irrigated, rainfed& tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","unknown, tropics of Asia & Afr, also in Aust; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Fuirena,glomerata, Weed Science List
  • Fuirena,glomerata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Fuirena,umbellata,syn Fuirena quinquangularis,"open, wet sites, swamps, pools, ditches, marshy lake shores, swampy grasslands, secondary forests; up to 1800m alt.; less common than Fuirena ciliaris; lowland-irrigated, lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","unknown, pantropical; throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands & the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Isolepis,hystrix,Awned Club-rush,XH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Isolepis,hystrix, Awned Club-rush,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,9","S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Isolepis,hystrix, Weed Science List
  • Isolepis,marginata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Isolepis,prolifera,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Isolepis,prolifera, Weed Science List
  • Isolepis,sepulcralis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Isolepis,setacea,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Isolepis,stellata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Kyllinga,brevifolia, ", ",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Kyllinga,brevifolia, green kyllinga,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Kyllinga,nemoralis, ", pasture, lawns, plantations",Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tonga ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Kyllinga,polyphylla, navua sedge,", pasture, agricultural land",Fiji; French Polynesia; Niue; Western Samoa; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Lipocarpha,chinensis,"syn Lipocarpa argentea, Lipocarpha laevigata, Cyperus lipocarpha, Scirpus chinensis, Scirpus senegalensis","open marshy sites, swamps, marshes, along lakes & pools, river banks, soggy grasslands, forest clearings; up to 1800m alt. (2800m in Irian Jaya); rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Asia, tropical & S Afr, S & SE Asia, tropical Aust, widely distributed in Malesia; throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Mariscus,longibracteatus, Weed Science List
  • Mariscus,longibracteatus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mariscus,rufus, Weed Science List
  • Mariscus,rufus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mariscus,umbellatus, Weed Science List
  • Mariscus,umbellatus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mariscus,ustulatus, Weed Science List
  • Mariscus,ustulatus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pycreus,lanceolatus, Weed Science List
  • Pycreus,lanceolatus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pycreus,mundtii, Weed Science List
  • Pycreus,mundtii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pycreus,tremulus, Weed Science List
  • Pycreus,tremulus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rhynchospora,corymbosa,"syn Rhynchospora aurea, Scirpus corymbosus","open sunny, swampy places, riverbanks; up to 1300m alt., mostly low altitudes; often dominant; tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, in the Philippines used for making mats, sandals etc; the inflorescences are sometimes much deformed by fungus, C","unknown, tropics & subtropics of the world; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Schoenoplectus,californicus,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Schoenoplectus,californicus, "Region of origin - N Amer, C Amer, S Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Schoenoplectus,erectus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Schoenoplectus,erectus, Weed Science List
  • Schoenoplectus,lineolatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Schoenoplectus,lineolatus, Weed Science List
  • Schoenoplectus,spp.,NPQ,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Schoenoplectus,spp., P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Scirpus,acutus, hardstem bulrush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Scirpus,americanus, American bulrush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Scirpus,articulatus, bulrush, Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Scirpus,articulatus,syn ,"open swamps or inundated places, shallow pools; rare, but locally sometimes abundant; in areas with a pronounced dry season; usually at low altitudes, up to 450m; lowland-irrigated & lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","Asia or Afr, fromthe Medit through Afr& S Asia to N Aust; in Indonesia: Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi & Irian Jaya, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Scirpus,atrovirens, green bulrush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Scirpus,californicus, California bulrush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Scirpus,cubensis, Weed Science List
  • Scirpus,cubensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Scirpus,cyperinus, woolgrass bulrush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Scirpus,fluviatilis, river bulrush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Scirpus,grossus, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Scirpus,grossus,syn ,"in swampy or inundated places, pools, ditches, marshes; locally abundant esp. in the lowlands; up to 850m alt.; lowland-irrigated, lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, stems, after removal of one of the ribs, flattening & drying, are use","SE Asia, India,m SE Asia, S China, Malesia, tropical Aust; throughout Indonesia, except the Moluccas & the Lesser Sunda Islands, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Scirpus,hotarui, "annual dominance, sub-dominance ", Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Scirpus,juncoides, Weed Science List
  • Scirpus,juncoides, perennial , Taiwan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Scirpus,juncoides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Scirpus,lateriflorus,"syn Scirpus oryzetorum, Scirpus supinus, Isolepis juncoides","open, wet areas, edges of swamps; often very abundant; up to 300(-1300)m alt; lowland-irrigated, rainfed, lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","SE Asia, SE Asia, from India to S China & Taiwan, Aust, western part of Malesia, Philippines (Luzon); in Indonesia: Java & the Lesser Sunda Islands, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Scirpus,maritimus,sea club rush,NQ,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Scirpus,maritimus, Sig weed of rice,Behrendt & Hanf "Grass Weeds In World Agriculture"
  • Scirpus,maritimus, "perennial dominance, sub-dominance ", Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Scirpus,mucronatus,syn Scirpus sundanus,"in open, wet places, marshes;f rom behind the seashore to 2100m alt; often dominant or co-dominant with Leersia hexandra; lowland-irrigated, lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, cultivated in W Sumatra; dried & flattened stems are used f","Asia, warmer parts of the Old World, from S Eur to Japan & through S & SE Asia to Aust; rare in tropical Afr; throughout Indonesia, except the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Scirpus,mucronatus, roughseed bulrush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Scirpus,pendulus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Scirpus,pendulus, Region of origin - N Amer; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Scirpus,pendulus, Weed Science List
  • Scirpus,spp., ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Scirpus,validus, softstem bulrush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Scirpus,wallichii, Weed Science List
  • Scirpus,wallichii, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Scirpus ,juncoides,syn Scirpus erectus,"open wet places, swamps, low riverbanks; in Java, in everwet areas & those with a pronounced dry season; 0-1200m alt, rarely up to 2000m; lowland-irrigated & tidal rice fields, S. juncoides is an annual weed, typical of lowland rice; its seeds require bur","Asia, from India, China & Japan to Hawaii, SE Asia to tropical Aust; in Malesia more common in the western part; throughout Indonesia, except the Moluccas, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Scleria,barteri, Weed Science List
  • Scleria,barteri, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Scleria,melaleuca, Weed Science List
  • Scleria,melaleuca, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Scripus,acutus, Hardstem bulrush,good germ of seeds stratified in moist peat moss at 2-4C for 6mths then germ in water at 30-32C in light; seed stored in glass cloth bags 40-45cm deep in natural pool of water for 8mths germ 53% & stored in pool for 8mths then dried for 1mth 42% germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,americanus, American bulrush,"stratification in moist peat moss at 2-4C for 6-12mths, then germ in water at 30-32C in strong continuous light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,atrovirens, Green bulrush,"seeds stored 3mths at 2-4C in water, sphagnum, peat or sand germ well in tap water at room temp in diffuse light; after 6 mths storage germ 80-100%",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,cespitosus, good germ in tap water at room temp in diffuse light with seeds stored 12-18mths in water or sphagnum at 2-4C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,cyperinus, Wool grass bulrush,"good germ in water at room temp in diffuse light, after storage in water at 2-4C for 6-12mths",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,fluviatilis, River bulrush,"60-70% germ of seed stored at 2-4C in water or peat moss for more than 1yr, then tested in water at 30-32C in strong continuous light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,juncoides, "annual dominance, sub-dominance ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Scripus,lineatus, 82% germ of seed tested in tap water at room temp in diffuse light after storage in water at 2-4C for 3mths,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,litoralis,syn Schoenoplectus litoralis,"marshes, ditches, moist ground","Medit, C Eur, W & C Asia, N Aust","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Scripus,maritimus, 98% germ of seed in 1st spring after collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,maritimus, "sea club-rush, saltmarsh bulrush","Scripus maritimus is a perennial, often tufted, spreading extensively by horizontal creeping rhizomes and stolons. It is found as a weed of agriculture and waterways on all continents and is a problem and often a serious weed in rice growing areas.","circumpolar, with general distribution over Asia, Eur, and N Amer; sparsely found in Afr, and S Amer",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Scripus,mucronatus, "roughseed club-rush, sea scripus, roughseed bulrush","Scripus mucronatus is a perennial, tall, stout, tufted sedge with short rhizomes. It is found as a weed of agriculture and waterways on all continents and is a problem in rice growing areas","circumpolar, with general distribution over Asia, Eur, and N Amer; sparsely found in Afr, and S Amer",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Scripus,paludosus, "good germ of seed stored at 2-4C in water or peat moss for more than 6mths, then tested in water at 30-32C in strong continuous light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,pedicellatus, "good germ of seed stored at 2-4C in peat moss for more than 6mths, then tested in water at 30-32C in strong continuous light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,planiculmis, , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Scripus,robustus, "good germ of seed stored at 2-4C in peat moss for more than 6mths, then tested in water at 30-32C in strong continuous light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,rubricosus, Scripus eriophorum,"90% germ of seed stored dry for 18mths at room temp or at 2-4C, in tap water at 30-32C in strong continuous light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,smithii, "good germ of seed stored at 2-4C in water for 12-18mths, then tested in water at 30-32C in strong continuous light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,subterminalis, "good germ of seed stored at 2-4C in water for 12-18mths, then tested in water at 30-32C in strong continuous light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,sylvaticus, 100% germ of seed in 1st spring after collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Scripus,tuberosus,syn ,Sea club-rush,"canals, rice fields, marshes, drains, moist ground","Medit, W & C Asia; introduced into N Amer","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Scripus,validus, Softstem bulrush,"no germ of seed stored at 2-4C in water for 12-18mths, then tested in water at 30-32C in strong continuous light; seed stored in glass cloth bags 40-45cm deep in natural pool of water for 8mths germ 60%, stored the same then dried for 1mth germ 44%",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Trianoptiles,solitaria,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Trianoptiles,solitaria, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Ulva,spp. (aquatic), ulva,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Uncinia,sinclairii, Weed Science List
  • Cyrillaceae
  • Cliftonia,monophylla, titi,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Dennstaedtiaceae
  • Hypolepis,dicksonioides,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hypolepis,rugosula,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pteridium,aquilinum, var. esculentum ,Bracken,vegetative reproduction by transferring pieces of 20-25cm with a growing rhizome apex,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Pteridium,aquilinum, , Miyagi Niigata Oita Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Pteridium,aquilinum, bracken,"The genus Pteridium is monotypic; it is on all continents including Antarctica, and may be one of the most widely distributed vascular plants on earth. Is is not found in extremely cold or dry areas. It is a very ancient plant that has become a very succe",distributed over most of the world,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Pteridium,aquilinum var. latiusculum, eastern bracken,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pteridium,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Pteridium,var. pubescens, western bracken,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Dichapetalaceae
  • Dichapetalum,cymosum, Weed Science List
  • Dichapetalum,cymosum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Dioscoreaceae
  • Dioscorea,alata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dioscorea,alata, "white yam, water yam",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Dioscorea,alata,winged yam,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Dioscorea,batatas,air-potato,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Dioscorea,bulbifera,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dioscorea,bulbifera, "air potato, air yam",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Dioscorea,bulbifera,air-potato,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Dioscorea,japonica, annual dominant weed in crops , Shizuoka Miyasaki ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Dioscorea,villosa, cutting seed coat; 4% germ in light & 16% dark at 20-25C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Tamus,communis, "seeds placed in porous cups standing in water in a pan covered with glass & exposed to winter temps of 50F, during winter germ well following autumn; ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Dipsacaceae
  • Cephalaria,syriaca, Scattered in Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cephalaria,syriaca, Weed Science List
  • Cephalaria,syriaca, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Dipsacus,fullonum,"D. sativus in SA, Dipsacus sylvestris","wild teasel, card thistle, Fuller's teasel",XXA,NLP,Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Dipsacus,fullonum, Wild Teasel,"Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Biennial. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,11","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Dipsacus,fullonum, teasel,Weed Science List
  • Dipsacus,fullonum, teasel,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Dipsacus,fullonum,Fuller's teasel,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Dipsacus,fullonum ssp. fullonum, Dipsacus sylvestris,"wild teasel, card thistle, fuller's teasel"," invades degraded pastures; odd plants have occured in the Adelaide Hills, in SA; it does not occur in other Statesmainly occurs in Vic, at Condah Swamp in the Western Districts, on the Moorabool River at Meredith near Geelong, at Ballarat & several plac","originated in S & E Eur, & although estab. in many temp areas of the world, is rarely considered an imprt weed; it has been declared noxious in S Afr, but does not appear to be troublesome; there are scattered patches in NZ , northern USA, E Canada, Chile","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Dipsacus,laciniatus, cut leaved teasel,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Dipsacus,laciniatus, "air potato, air yam",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Dipsacus,laciniatus, cutleaf teasel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Dipsacus,sativa, sativa or sativus?,Weed Science List
  • Dipsacus,sylvestris, teasel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Knautia,arvensis, Scabiosa arvensis,Field scabious,"some seed germ immediately after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in water unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 83% germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Knautia,arvensis, Field Scabious,"K. borderei, K. cattalaunica, K. purpurea",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Knautia,arvensis, Field Scabious,"K. borderei, K. cattalaunica, K. purpurea",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Knautia,arvensis, field scabious,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Scabiosa,atropurpurea,scabious,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Scabiosa,atropurpurea, Weed Science List
  • Scabiosa,suaveolens, 85% germ at once or soon after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Succisa,australis, devilsbit,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Succisa,pratensis, Scabiosa succisa,"78% germ in 1st spring; seeds placed in germinator, exposed continuously to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; 75% germ on moist blotters in 10-20days at 4-12C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Dryopteridaceae
  • Cyrtomium,falcatum, Weed Science List
  • Cyrtomium,falcatum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Tectaria,incisa, incised halberd fern,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Tectaria,incisa,incised halberd fern,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Ebenaceae
  • Diospyros,texana, Texas persimmon,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Diospyros,virginiana, persimmon,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euclea,divinorum, Weed Science List
  • Euclea,divinorum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Royena,sericea, Weed Science List
  • Royena,sericea, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Elaeagnaceae
  • Elaeagnus,angustifolia, Russian Olive ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Elaeagnus,angustifolia, Russian-olive ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Elaeagnus,angustifolia, Russian olive,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Elaeagnus,commutata, Silverberry,removal of seeds from their endocarps premitted complete germ of fresh seed & seed stored for 1yr; germ on moist filter paper at 20C in dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Elaeagnus,commutata, silverberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Elaeagnus,pungens,Russian olive,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Elaeagnus,umbellata, autumn olive,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Elaeagnus,umbellata,autumn olive,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Shepherdia,argentea, silver buffaloberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Shepherdia,canadensis, russet buffaloberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Elatinaceae
  • Bergia,ammannioides, , Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Bergia,ammannioides,"syn Bergia oryzetorum, Elatine ammannioides","in areas with a pronounced dry season; from 0-100m alt (in Java); in periodically inundated sites, which desiccate; also along roadsides, railroad embarkments; often numerous; lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, often conf","tropcial Afr or tropical Asia, tropical Afr, Afghanistan, Iran, tropical Asia, China, Taiwan, Aust, Malesia, Philippines; in Indonesia: Java, Madura, Sumba dan Timor, as far as known","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Bergia,capensis, Weed Science List
  • Bergia,capensis,"syn Bergia repens, Bergia verticillata, Elatine verticillata","swampy sites, wet grasslands, in pools, on riverbanks; mostly in areas with a pronounced dry season; flowers in Java from Feb-Jun; occurs (not commonly) in C & E Java from 0-600m alt; lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","S India, India, Ceylon; Indonesia: Java","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Bergia,capensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Elatine,americana, American waterwort,store 4-6mths in water at 1-3C; germ in water in diffuse light in greenhouse at 18-21C day & 13-16C night temps.,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Elatine,americana, American waterwort,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Elatine,minima, small waterwort,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Elatine,orientalis, P,Prohibited by AQIS, Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Elatine,triandra, Weed Science List
  • Elatine,triandra, annual , Taiwan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Elatine,triandra,syn ,.,"forms dense patches on the bottom of shallow lakes with clear water; locally numerous; from 500-2000m alt in Java; flowers all year round; lowland-irrigated rice fields, a weed of minor importance, inJava the submerged flowers do not open","Eur, N Amer, Eur, India to Aust, NZ & Malesia; Indonesia: Java & Sumatra","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Elatine,triandra, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Ephedraceae
  • Ephedra,torreyana, Torrey ephedra,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ephedra,trifurca, longleaf ephedra,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Equisetaceae
  • Equisetum,arvense,"common horsetail, field horsetail, scouring rush",E,NL,NSW; SA; WA; Qld; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Equisetum,arvense, "Region of origin - Afr, Eur, N Amer; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Equisetum,arvense, "common horsetail, field horsetail, scouring rush","weed of many crops, pastures & fruit growing areas; moister areas where water table close to surface & drainage poornaturalised only near Sydney; imported & sold in nurseries in some states","Northern hemisphere extending N to Alaska & Ellesmere Island at 83 degrees N in N Amer & to 71 N in Norway, Sweden, Finland & USSR & S to Texas, India & Iran; occurs in Arg, Brazil,Chile, Madagascar, some Indian Ocean islands, Indonesia, NZ & Aust","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Equisetum,arvense, common horsetail,Weed Science List
  • Equisetum,arvense, annual dominant weed in crops Weed in poor site , Upland Japan Miyagi ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Equisetum,arvense, field horsetail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Equisetum,arvense, common horsetail,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Equisetum,fluviatile, water horsetail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Equisetum,hiemale, Region of origin - N Amer; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Equisetum,hyemale,Equisetum hyaemale,"common horsetail, field horsetail, scouring rush",HHE,NL,Qld; WA; Tas; NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Equisetum,hyemale, scouringrush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Equisetum,palustre, Weed Science List
  • Equisetum,palustre, marsh horsetail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Equisetum,palustre, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Equisetum,ramosissimum,branched scouringrush,E,LQ,Qld; WA; NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Equisetum,ramosissimum, Weed Science List
  • Equisetum,ramosissimum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Equisetum,spp.,"common horsetail, field horsetail, scouring rush",E,NLQ,WA; NSW; Qld; SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Equisetum,spp., Horsetail N # ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Equisetum,spp., P,In line with South Australias complete prohibition of the Genus.,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Equisetum,sylvaticum, sylvan horsetail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Equisetum,telmateia, giant horsetail,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ericaceae
  • Arbutus,menziesii, Pacific madrone,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arbutus,unedo,Strawberry Tree,XXS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Arbutus,unedo, Strawberry Tree,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,6,7,","Introduced deliberately from: Med, S Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Arbutus,unedo, Weed Science List
  • Arctostaphylos,canescens, hoary manzanita,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arctostaphylos,columbiana, hairy manzanita,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arctostaphylos,glandulosa, Eastwood manzanita,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arctostaphylos,glauca, bigberry manzanita,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arctostaphylos,hispidula, Howell manzanita,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arctostaphylos,manzanita, big manzanita,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arctostaphylos,nevadensis, pinemat manzanita,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arctostaphylos,parryana var. pinetorum , pine manzanita,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arctostaphylos,patula, greenleaf manzanita,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arctostaphylos,pungens, pointleaf manzanita,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arctostaphylos,uva-ursi, bearberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arctostaphylos,viscida, whiteleaf manzanita,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Calluna,vulgaris,"heather, ling",E,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chamaedaphne,calyculata, leatherleaf,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Erica,andromedaeflora,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erica,arborea,tree heath,HHXw,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erica,arborea, Tree Heath,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8","Introduced deliberately from: Med,SW Eur, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Erica,arborea, Weed Science List
  • Erica,baccans,berry-flower heath,HS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erica,baccans, Berry-flower Heath,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,4,5","Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Erica,baccans, Weed Science List
  • Erica,caffra,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erica,caffra, Weed Science List
  • Erica,lusitanica,Spanish heath,HHXX,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erica,lusitanica, Heath ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Erica,lusitanica, Spanish Heath,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,6,8","Introduced deliberately from: SW Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Erica,lusitanica, Weed Science List
  • Erica,lusitanica, Spanish Heath,P,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,6,8","Introduced deliberately from: SW Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Erica,melanthera,erica,XS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erica,melanthera, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Erica,melanthera, Erica,Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,"Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Erica,quadrangularis,erica,HS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erica,quadrangularis, Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Erica,quadrangularis, Erica,Dispersal: ?Water. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,"Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Erica,scoparia,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erica,scoparia, Weed Science List
  • Erica,scorparia, Region of origin - S France; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Erica,X willmorei,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Gaultheria,shallon, salal,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Gaylussacia,frondosa, dangleberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Kalmia,angustifolia, sheep laurel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Kalmia,latifolia, mountain laurel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Kalmia,polifolia, pale laurel,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ledum,groenlandicum, Labrador tea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Oxydendrum,arboreum, sourwood,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Pieris,mariana, "thimbleful of seed sown in soil flats in late autumn of year collected, 208 germ in flats kept outdoors for 83days within 21days after transfer to greenhouse, only 48 germ of those kept in greenhouse within 48-111days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rhododendron,canadense, Canadian rhododendron,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhododendron,canescens, piedmont azalea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhododendron,macrophyllum, Pacific rhododendron,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhododendron,maximum, rosebay rhododendron,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhododendron,occidentale, western azalea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rhododendron,ponticum, Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Vaccinium,angustifolium, lowbush blueberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Vaccinium,arboreum, tree huckleberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Vaccinium,ovalifolium, ovalleaf blueberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Vaccinium,ovatum, box blueberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Vaccinium,oxycoccus, small cranberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Vaccinium,parvifolium, tall red huckleberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Vaccinium,stamineum, common deerberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Vaccinium,vitis-idaea var. minus, mountain cranberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eriocaulaceae
  • Eriocaulon,heterolepis var. nigricans,syn ,"a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Asia, very rare; in W & E Java, in Kangean Island (north of Java), also in Sumatra & Sulawesi","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eriocaulon,longifolium,syn ,"soggy places; 0-700m alt; rainfed & lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Asia, Indonesia: Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi & Irian Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eriocaulon,luzulaefolium, Weed Science List
  • Eriocaulon,luzulaefolium, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eriocaulon,septangulare, "high % germ of seeds stored in water at 1-3C for 5-7mths; seeds stored in water at room temp, need prechilling for 30 days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Eriocaulon,sieboldtianum, annual sub-dominance , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Eriocaulon,truncatum, Weed Science List
  • Eriocaulon,truncatum,syn ,"soggy grasslands, borders of water courses, on stones in rivers; often gregarious & often mixed with E. cinereum; from 15-1300m alt; flowers all year round;lowland-irrigated & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","Asia, throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan & the Lesser Sunda Islands","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Eriocaulon,truncatum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eriocaulon ,cinereum,syn ,"oftenfound with E truncatum; from 0(-15)-1400m alt; flowers all year round; lowland-irrigated rainfed, & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Asia, in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan & Sulawesi","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Erythroxylaceae
  • Erythroxylon,spp., Weed Science List
  • Erythroxylum,coca,"Erythroxylum bolivianum, Erythroxylum peruvianum","coca leaf, coca, Peru coca",H,NLP,ACT; NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erythroxylum,coca," Erythroxylum bolivianum, Erythroxylum peruvianum","coca leaf, coca, Peru coca",the leaves of the plant are chewed as a stimulant by the S Amer Indians & are a source of the pyridine-based alkaloid cocaine; growth of the shrubs is markedly affected by the environment. particularly temp; in Aust coca leaf is not a weed in the conventi,"native of upland S Amer, particularly in the Boliv0-Peruvian Andes; now cultivated in several trop countries, including Afr, Sri Lanka, Indonesia & Taiwan, as a commercial alkaloid source; does not occur in Aust","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Erythroxylum,coca, coca leaf,Weed Science List
  • Erythroxylum,coca, coca leaf,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Escalloniaceae
  • Escallonia,bifida,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Escallonia,bifida, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbiaceae
  • Acalypha,alopecuroides, Weed Science List
  • Acalypha,alopecuroides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Acalypha,australis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Acalypha,australis, Weed Science List
    Acalypha,australis, annual dominant weed in crops ,Shimane Shizuoka Upland Korea Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Acalypha,ciliata, Weed Science List
  • Acalypha,ciliata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Acalypha,fallax, Weed Science List
  • Acalypha,fallax, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Acalypha,neomexicana, New Mexico copperleaf,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Acalypha,ostryaefolia, hophornbeam copperleaf,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Acalypha,rhomboidea, rhombic copperleaf,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Acalypha,segetalis, Weed Science List
  • Acalypha,segetalis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Acalypha,virginica, Virginia copperleaf,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Alchornea,cordifolia, Weed Science List
  • Alchornea,cordifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Aleurites,fordii, tung-oil tree,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Aleurites,fordii,tung oil tree,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Aleurites,moluccana,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bertya,rosmarinifolia, Weed Science List
  • Bischofia,javanica, "bishopweed, Javawood",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Bischofia,javonica,bischofia,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Caperonia,castanaefolia, mexicanweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cecropia,peltata, "tropical America, ",French Polynesia ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Chamaesyce,australis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chamaesyce,drummondii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chamaesyce,hirta,Euphorbia hirta,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chamaesyce,hyssopifolia,Euphorbia hyssopifolia,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chamaesyce,nutans,Euphorbia nutans,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chamaesyce,prostrata,"Euphorbia chamaesyce, E. prostrata",Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chamaesyce,supina,"Euphorbia maculata, Euphorbia thymifolia previously in Q?",Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chamaesyce (= Euphorbia),hirta, "garden spurge, asthma plant","tropical America, vegetables, bananas",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Fed. States of Micronesia; Guam; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Chrozophora,plicata,syn Croton plicatum,"waste ground, roadsides",trop. & subtrop. Afr & Asia,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Chrozophora,plicata, Weed Science List
  • Chrozophora,plicata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Chrozophora,tinctoria,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chrozophora,tinctoria, Dyer's Litmus,Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Chrozophora,tinctoria, Weed Science List
  • Chrozophora,tinctoria, Weed Science List
  • Chrozophora,tinctoria, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cnidoscolus,stimulosus, bullnettle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cnidoscolus,texanus, Texas bullnettle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Codiaeum,variegatum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Croton,capitatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Croton,capitatus, Weed Science List
  • Croton,capitatus, woolly croton,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Croton,cilio-glanduliferus, Weed Science List
  • Croton,cilio-glanduliferus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Croton,glandulosus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Croton,glandulosus, tropic croton,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Croton,hirtus, Weed Science List
  • Croton,hirtus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Croton,hirtuts,syn Croton glandulosus var. hirtus,"sunny to lightly shaded sites, along roads, railroad tracks & fields, gardens, low tea plantations; often abundant; 0-700m alt; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, as it roots superficially & never forms a dense vegetation, ","tropical Amer, introd before 1900 in W Java, area from Jakarta to Bogor & Pelabuhanratu, & spread throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan, Sulawesi & the Lesser Sunda Islands","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Croton,lindheimeri, Lindheimer croton,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Croton,lobatus, Weed Science List
  • Croton,lobatus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Croton,monanthogynus, prairietea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Croton,texensis, Texas croton,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Croton,thirtus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Croton,tinctorius, Weed Science List
  • Croton,tinctorius, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eremocarpus,setigerus,"Croton setigerus, Piscaria setigera","doveweed, turkey mullein, woolly-white drought weed",L,WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eremocarpus,setigerus," Croton setigerus, Piscaria setigera","doveweed, turkey mullein, woolly-white drought weed","when crushed doveweed has a strong sweet but unpleasant odour, which makes it unattractive to stock; sheep avoid areas in which it occurs, reducing pasture productivity; does not compete directly with cereal crops, but may interfere with harvest; plant si","Monotypic genus is a native of the Pacific coast of N Amer; it is widespread on the alluvial plains of the Sacramento & San Joaquin Valley of California, mostly below 750m1st recorded at Koojan, WA in 1925; imprt. in WA, where large colonies occur on the","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Eremocarpus,setigerus, doveweed, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Eremocarpus,setigerus, turkey mullein,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eremocarpus,setigerus, doveweed,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,acalyphoides, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,acalyphoides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,aegyptiaca, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,aegyptiaca, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,albomarginata, whitemargin spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,aleppica, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,aleppica, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,arguta,syn ,"fields, gardens",E Medit,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Euphorbia,canariensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,chamaesyce, Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,chamaesyce, Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,chamaesyce, groundfig spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,characias ssp. wulfenii ,"syn Euphorbia wulfenii, E. veneta",Wilczomlecz,P,lin.-ob.to13x1cm. YELLOW-GREEN capsule to 7x6mm. 60-90cm.,7 pe. Origin E. Mediterranean region,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,characius,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,characius,ssp wulfenii,"Region of origin - Eur, Balkans, Turkey; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Euphorbia,corollata,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,corollata, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,corollata, flowering spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,corollata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,cotinifolia, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,cyathophora,painted spurge,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,cyathophora, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,cyparissias,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,cyparissias, Cypress spurge,rupturing seed coat inc. germ at 18-22C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Euphorbia,cyparissias, Cypress Spurge,"Mainland Europe, except Denmark & Ex NW Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,cyparissias, Cypress Spurge,"Mainland Europe, except Denmark & Ex NW Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,cyparissias, cypress spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,davidii,E. dentata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,dendroides,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,dendroides, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,dentata, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,depauperata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,depauperata, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,didiereoides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,dracunculoides, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,dracunculoides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,escula, Leafy spurge ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Euphorbia,esula, Leafy Spurge ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Euphorbia,esula, Euphorbia virgata,Leafy spurge,vegetative propagation by transplanting pieces of root; seed germ on filter paper moistened with 0.2% KNO3 soln than at alt. temp of 20C for 16hrs-30C for 8hrs with 1st 10days at 30C with light,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Euphorbia,esula, Leafy Spurge,"E. gmelinii, E. zhiguliensis","Mainland Europe, except Denmark & Ex NW Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,esula, Leafy Spurge,"E. gmelinii, E. zhiguliensis","Mainland Europe, except Denmark & Ex NW Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,esula, leafy spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,esula, "leafy spurge, Hungarian spurge",P," One of the world's weed villains, _Euphorbia esula_ (leafy spurge,or Hungarian spurge) exhibits several negative traits: its latexcauses severe dermatitis in humans and grazing animals, and is unpal-atable and toxic to cattle and horses. _E. esula has",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,exigua,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,exigua, "54% germ of seeds treated with 4% soln of boric acid for 24hrs, alt. temp of 20C-8hrs & 2.5C-6hrs ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Euphorbia,exigua, Dwarf Spurge,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,exigua, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,falcata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,falcata, Sickle Spurge,E. acuminata,Mainland Europe except extreme NE Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,falcata, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,ferox, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,fimbriata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,forsskalii,syn E. aegyptiaca; E. thymifolia,"fields, roadsides, waste ground","trop. Afr, Arabia, E Medit","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Euphorbia,gaillardoti, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,gaillardoti, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,glomerifera, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,glomerifera, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,granulata,syn ,"fields bordering desert regions, in sandy soils","N Afr, Sahara, E Afr, E Medit, Arabia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Euphorbia,handiensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,hedyotoides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,helioscopia,sun spurge,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,helioscopia, Sun spurge,optimum temp for germ 20C constant,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Euphorbia,helioscopia, Sun Spurge,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,helioscopia,syn ,Sun spurge,"fields, gardens, orchards","Medit, Eur, Afr, W & C Asia; introduced into many temp. regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Euphorbia,helioscopia, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,helioscopia, "sun spurge, sun euphorbia","Euphorbia helioscopia is an annual monoecious herb with milky sap. It is a reported weed of 23 crops in nearly 50 countries and is most often reported in cereals, vegetables and vineyards. Seeds of E. helioscopia may contaminate harvested grain, while oc",native to the temperate regions of Eurasia but has adapted to subtropical conditions.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Euphorbia,helioscopia, sun spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,heterophylla,"Euphorbia geniculata, Euphorbia prunifolia, Poinsettia geniculata, Poinsettia heterophylla","milkweed, desert spurge, Mexican fire plant, wild poinsettia, yellow spurge",X,LP,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,heterophylla, Wild Pointsettia,"linuron 1990 Equador Corn, Soybean ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Euphorbia,heterophylla, Wild Pointsettia,imidazolinones 1992 Brazil Soybean , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Euphorbia,heterophylla," Euphorbia geniculata, Euphorbia prunifolia, Poinsettia geniculata, Poinsettia heterophylla","milkweed, desert spurge, Mexican fire plant, wild poinsettia, yellow spurge","overseas milkweed is recorded as a major weed of crops such as cocoa, coffee, cowpeas, maize, paw paw, peanuts, sorghum, soybeans, sugarcane, tea & upland rice, the green stems of mature plants often clogging harvesting machinery & preventing harvest com","native of trop & subtrop Amer, it has spread to most of the trop world & some of the warmer temp regions; it now occurs in at least 65 countries & is a major weed in Fiji, Ghana, Mexico, Philippines, Indonesia & Thailand; it is an imprt. weed in a further","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Euphorbia,heterophylla,syn ,"summer weed in fields, gardens, orchards",native to C Amer; naturalised in many trop. & subtrop regions of the world,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Euphorbia,heterophylla, milkweed,Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,heterophylla, "painted spurge, fire plant, wild poinsettia, various leaved euphorbia","Euphorbia heterophylla is very widespread, its use an ornamental plant helped it spread into the US and Colombia. It is a reported weed of 31 crops in 56 countries and is frequently reported a weed of soybeans, maize, sugarcane and other plantation crops.","originated in tropical Amer, it now occurs in much of Afr and Asia.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Euphorbia,heterophylla, milkweed,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,heterophylla (=E. geniculata), painted spurge,"tropical Asia (SE Asia?), field crops, roadside",Cook Islands; Fiji; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Euphorbia,hirta,asthma plant,XH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,hirta,syn E. pilulifera,"fields, especially in Upper Egypt; introduced around 1930 & naturalised",native of S USA & C Amer; naturalised in many trop. & subtrop. regions of the Old World,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Euphorbia,hirta, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,hirta,"syn Euphorbia pilulifera, Chamaesyce hirta","asthma herb, milkweed, hairy spurge","sunny to lightly shaded, not too moist, grassy sites, along roads, premises, often between stones; locally common; flowers all year round, up to 3000 seeds/plant; a high percentage of seed germination; early colonizer of bare land; upland & gogo rancah r","tropical Amer, pantropical, partly subtropical; introd into Indonesia a long time ago; has since spread throughout","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Euphorbia,hirta, garden spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,horomboensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,humifosa, "E. polygonysperma, Chamaesyce humifusa",Central Europe into Italy,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,humifosa, "E. polygonysperma, Chamaesyce humifusa",Central Europe into Italy,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,humistrata,spreading spurge,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Euphorbia,hypericifolia,"syn Euphorbia parviflora, Euphorbia reniformis",milkweed,"especially in heavier soils, on sunny, grassy sites, lawns; 1-1200m alt; locally very common, but usually scattered; upland & gogo rancah rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Amer, lower montane zone in Java","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Euphorbia,hyssopifolia, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,hyssopifolia, hyssop spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,indica,syn ,"fields, gardens, orchards; more abundant in Upper Egypt than in the Nile Delta; introduced & naturalised","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Euphorbia,lathyrus,Tithymalus lathyris,"caper, Cape spurge",HXX,NLP,Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,lathyrus, Caper Spurge,"Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,13","Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Euphorbia,lathyrus, dormant at harvest; removal of seed coat 100% germ at 20C in darkness within 5-6days,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Euphorbia,lathyrus, caper spurge,Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,lathyrus, caper spurge,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,liatrideum, ????,Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,liatrideum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,lucida, shining spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,maculata,spotted spurge,w,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,maculata, Scattered in Central & SW Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,maculata, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,maculata, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Euphorbia,maculata, spotted spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,marginata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,marginata, ,Snow-on-the-mountain,"prechilling seed at 3-5C for 50days, moistening substratum with 0.2%KNO3 soln at alt. temp 20-30C gave complete germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Euphorbia,marginata, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,marginata, snow-on-the-mountain,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,micromera, littleleaf spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,microphylla, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,microphylla, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,milii,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,nutans, "E. preslii, Chamaesyce nutans",Southern Europe except S Greece,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,nutans, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,oblongata, Oblong Spurge ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Euphorbia,oerstediana, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,oerstediana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,pachypodioides, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,paralias,sea spurge,HXXH,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,paralias, Sea Spurge,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1","Med,Euras, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Euphorbia,paralias, Sea spurge,Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,paralias, Sea spurge,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,peplus,petty spurge,XXH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,peplus, Petty spurge,good germ with alt. temp of 10-18C ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Euphorbia,peplus, Petty Spurge,"SE & SW Europe, UK & Eire",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,peplus,syn ,Petty spurge,"winter weed in fields, gardens, orchards","Medit, Eur, W & C Asia; introduced into many regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Euphorbia,peplus, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,peplus, petty spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,platyphyllos,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,platyphyllos, Broad leaved Spurge,"Mainland Europe & UK, except Denmark & Ex NW Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,platyphyllos, Broad leaved Spurge,"Mainland Europe & UK, except Denmark & Ex NW Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,prostrata,syn ,"lawns, gardens, fields; introduced & naturalised",native of trop. Amer; naturalised in various parts of the Old World,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Euphorbia,prostrata, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,prunifolia,syn Euphorbia geniculata,"roadsides, waste places & fields, boundaries of coffee plantations; often locally common; sunny to lightly shaded; 0-1500m; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, but sometimes troublesome because it may become very abundant locally, in Java a br","tropical S Amer, throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan & Sulawesi","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Euphorbia,prunifolia,syn ,"spurge, wild spurge, painted euphorbia","Euphorbia prunifolia is an annual weed found in cultivated fields, plantation crops, gardens and noncropped areas. It is a reported weed of27 crops in nearly 30 countries and frequently infests plantation crops, cotton and maize.","native to the tropical Americas, but is widespread in eastern Afr and Asia.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Euphorbia,segetalis,shortstem carnation weed,X,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,segetalis, Meadow Spurge,E. tetraceras,Central & Southern Europe except S Greece,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,segetalis, Shortstem carnation weed,Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,segetalis, Shortstem carnation weed,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,serpens, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,serpens, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,serrata, Serrate Spurge ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Euphorbia,serrata, SW Europe inc Italy,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,serrata, SW Europe inc Italy,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,serrata, toothed spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,serrula, sawtooth spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,spp., Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Euphorbia,stellata,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,stellata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,stevenii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,sulcata, SW Europe inc Italy,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,sulcata, SW Europe inc Italy,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Euphorbia,supina, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,supina, prostrate spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,supina, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,terracina,"false caper, Geraldton carnation weed, terracina spurge",XH,L,SA; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,terracina, "false caper, Geraldton carnation weed, terracina spurge",native of the Medit region does not apperar to have become widespread outside its native habitat,"Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Euphorbia,terracina, FALSE caper ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Euphorbia,terracina, "false caper, Geraldton carnation weed", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,terracina, "false caper, Geraldton carnation weed",P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,thymifolia, Weed Science List
  • Euphorbia,tirucalli,"naked lady, pencil tree",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,tirucalli, Region of origin - Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Euphorbia,variegata, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,veneta,Euphorbia characias sub sp. wulfenii,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euphorbia,veneta,= Euphorbia characias sub sp. wulfenii,P,Origin E. Mediterranean region,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia,vermiculata, hairy spurge,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Euphorbia,viguieri, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Euphorbia ,cyparissias, cypress spurge,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Euphorbia ,esula, leafy spurge,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Euphorbia ,lathyrus, Tithymalus lathyris,caper spurge,the milky sap is acrid & the fruits are purgative & toxic,"native of southern Eur & W Asia; introd to the USA, Afr, NZ & Aust","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Flueggea,virosa,flueggea,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Hevea,brasiliensis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hevea,spp.,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hevea,spp., P,Note import conditions exceptions,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hura,crepitans, "Region of origin - W Indes, Costa Rica, S Amer; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - forestry",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Hura,crepitans,sand-box tree,S,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hura,crepitans, Weed Science List
  • Hura,crepitans, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Jatropha,curcas,Adenoropium gossypifolium,"physic nut, Barbados nut, curcas bean, purge nut, purging nut",HHw,LP,NT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Jatropha,curcas, "physic nut, Barbados nut, curcas bean, purge nut, purging nut","fresh seeds are highly toxic,anything form 3-50 seeds may cause problems; no reports of stock poisoning in Aust; toxic principles includes a purgative oil & the toxalbumin-curcin","native of the Caribbean region, has been introd as a hedge & ornamental plant to many countries including Eur, Afr, India, Indonesia, Philippines, & some Pacific Is. & Aust","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Jatropha,curcas, physic nut,Weed Science List
  • Jatropha,curcas, physic nut,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Jatropha,gossypifolia, cotton-leaved physic nut,", Poisonous Plant Toxicity Bibliography: D authorsDas, B.; Banerji, J. (1988) Arylnaphthalene lignan from Jatrophagossypifolia. Phytochemistry 27(11):3684-3686",French Polynesia; New Caledonia ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Jatropha,gossypifolia,"bellyache bush, cotton-leaf physic nut",XHH,L,"NT,WA",Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Jatropha,gossypifolia, "bellyache bush, cotton-leaf physic nut","native of the Caribbean region, has been introd as an ornamental to a number of countries including Afr, Madagascar, India, Indonesia & PNG","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Jatropha,gossypifolia, bellyache bush,Subordinate taxa: Jatropha gossypiifolia var. staphysagrifolia Uses for taxon: Medicines: folklore (contains irritants fide Hecker 1987) Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Everist 1981; Kingsbury 1964; Moldenke 1951; Lampe & McCann 1985) ,Brazil; Peru; Mexico; Antigua and Barbuda; Guadeloupe; Dominica; St. Lucia; St. Kitts and Nevis: Grin TaxonFrench Polynesia; New Caledonia (DF Waterhouse),Weed Science List
  • Jatropha,gossypifolia, "bellyache bush, cotton-leaf physic-nut ",P,Subordinate taxa: Jatropha gossypiifolia var. staphysagrifolia Uses for taxon: Medicines: folklore (contains irritants fide Hecker 1987) Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Everist 1981; Kingsbury 1964; Moldenke 1951; Lampe & McCann 1985) ,Brazil; Peru; Mexico; Antigua and Barbuda; Guadeloupe; Dominica; St. Lucia; St. Kitts and Nevis GRIN TaxonFrench Polynesia; New Caledonia (DF Waterhouse),Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Jatropha,podagrica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Macaranga,harveyana, Weed Science List
  • Macaranga,harveyana, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Macaranga,triloba, Weed Science List
  • Macaranga,triloba, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mallotus,japonicus, Weeds of sown grassland ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Manihot,esculenta,tapioca,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Manihot,esculenta, Weed Science List
  • Manihot,esculenta, tapioca,P,Banned by AQIS,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Manihot,flabellifolium, Region of origin - trop Amer; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Manihot,glaziovii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Manihot,grahamii,M. flabellifolia misapplied in NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Manniophyton,fulvum, Weed Science List
  • Manniophyton,fulvum, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mareya,aristata,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mercuralis,annua, Annual Mercury,M. ambigua,"All Europe except Ext NW Europe, less in Eire & Scandinavia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Mercurialis,annua,Mercury weed,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mercurialis,annua, optimum temp for germ is constant 20 or 25C; germ didn't exceed 19% even at optimum temps,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Mercurialis,annua, Weed Science List
  • Micrococca,mercurialis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Micrococca,mercurialis, Weed Science List
  • Monadenium,schubei, P,Note import conditions exceptions,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Monadenium,yattanum, P,Note import conditions exceptions,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Omalanthus,populifolius,"bleeding heart, native poplar",X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pedilanthus,tithymaloides,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phyllanthus,amarus, ", field crops, roadsides",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tonga; Vanuatu ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Phyllanthus,amarus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phyllanthus,corcovadensis, Weed Science List
  • Phyllanthus,corcovadensis, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Phyllanthus,debilis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phyllanthus,debilis,syn Phyllanthus niruri,lagoon spurge,"in sunny or somewhat shaded, moist, preferably fertile soils in gardens & fields, along roads, & in grasslands; 0-2000m alt; locally abundant, but not forming vegetation; upland & gogo rancah rice fields, a weed of minor importance as it roots superficial","tropcial Asia, tropics of Asia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Phyllanthus,diffusus, Weed Science List
  • Phyllanthus,diffusus, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Phyllanthus,emblica,"Indian gooseberry, myrobalan",S,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phyllanthus,niruri, "phyllanthus, lagoom spurge, carry me seed, quinine weed, seed underleaf","Phyllanthus niruri is an erect, slender, branched annual herb whichemerges with the first rains and competes with a wide range of annual and perennial crops. It is particularly troublesome in Asia. It is reported as a weed of 32 crops in 59 countries, and","originated in West Indies; now tropical, subtropical andpantropical",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Phyllanthus,niruri, niruri,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Phyllanthus,tenellus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Phyllanthus,tenellus, "Newly reported in WA, see Hnatiuk record 6018",Weed Science List
  • Phyllanthus,urinaria,syn ,"in Java from 0-1500m alt.; grows together with Phyllanthus debilis, a weed of minor importance, it contains the better phyllantin, poisonous inlarge quantities; it contains much potassium, which produces diuretic effects; it is used against fever, dysente","tropical Asia, Asia; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Phyllanthus,virgatus,syn Phyllanthus simplex,"in regions with a pronounced dry season; arable lands, grassy spots; 0750m alt; upland & gogo rancah rice fields, a weed of minor importance, ","tropical Asia, tropics of Asia; throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Ricinus,communis, "castor oil plant, castor bean",", vegetables, roadsides, waste places",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Ricinus,communis,"castor oil plant, castor bean, palma christi",XXXXHXX,NL,NSW; NT,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ricinus,communis, Castor Bean ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Ricinus,communis, Castor Oil Plant,Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,"Introduced deliberately from: Af and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Ricinus,communis, Castor Oil Plant ,TREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Ricinus,communis, "castor oil plant, castor bean, palma christi","nauseating odour when leaves are crushed, the plant is unpalatable & rarely, if ever, eaten by stock; seed contains highly toxic phytotoxin ricin, a glycoprotein & small amounts of the less toxic alkaloid ricinine; ricin is extremely toxic if injected the","native of Afr & Eur-Asia which has been introd to most countries of the world; it si cultivated extensively in France, Italy, Spain & the West Indies, & the southern USA","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Ricinus,communis, castor bean,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Ricinus,communis, castor-oil plant,"Woody SpeciesInvades: riverbanks, riverbeds, roadsides, wastelandCultivated for: ornament, castor-oil",Origin: tropical Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Ricinus,communis, castor-oil plant,"Woody SpeciesInvades: riverbanks, riverbeds, roadsides, wastelandCultivated for: ornament, castor-oil",Origin: tropical Afr,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Ricinus,communis, castor oil plant,Weed Science List
  • Ricinus,communis, castorbean,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sapium,sebiferum,Chinese tallow,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sapium,sebiferum, Chinese Tallow ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Sapium,sebiferum, Chines tallow tree,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Sapium,sebiferum, tallowtree,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sapium,sebiferum,"popcorn tree, Chinese tallow tree","Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Sebestiania,spp., Mexican jumping beans,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Stillingia,sylvatica, queensdelight,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Synadenium,grantii,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Synadenium,grantii, Region of origin - Uganda to Zimbabwe; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Tragia,benthami, Weed Science List
  • Tragia,benthami, P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Vernicia,fordii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Vernicia,fordii, Weed Science List


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