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Rod Randall's Big Weed List

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Plant families: Athyriaceae-Caprifoliaceae

  • Athyriaceae
  • Diplazium,esculentus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Azollaceae
  • Azolla,caroliniana,Weed Science List
  • Azolla,caroliniana,Atlantic azolla,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Azolla,caroliniana,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Azolla,filiculoides,Pacific azolla,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Azolla,filliculoides,red water fern,"Proposed Declared WeedHerbaceous Species Invades: dams, rivers, vleis, mainly in temperate regions.Cultivated for: ornamental","Origin: N, C & S Amer",Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Azolla,filliculoides,red water fern,"Proposed Declared WeedHerbaceous Species Invades: dams, rivers, vleis, mainly in temperate regions.Cultivated for: ornamental","Origin: N, C & S Amer",Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Azolla,imbricata,Azolla," Aquatic weed, free-floating ", Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Azolla,japonica, Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Azolla,pinnata,syn ,azolla,"borders of stagnant or slow moving water; due to its rapid growth it may cover the entire water sufrace (in combination with Lemna spp.); sometimes stranded on mud banks; from 0-2200m; lowland, lebak & tidal rice fields, it is either considered an undersi","tropical Asia, Pantropical; throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands, the Moluccas & Irian Jaya","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Azolla,pinnata,"ferny azolla, mosquito fern, water velvet","It is found in tropical regions and in lakes, marshes, ponds, paddy fields, ditches and rivers of warm temperature. Azolla pinnata is a weed in 30 countries including Aust, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. It is a seri","Found in nearly all the Asian countries, in most of tropical Afr, NZ, and Aust.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Balsaminaceae
  • Impatiens,balsamina,Garden balsm,"fresh seed dormant; 4-6mths dry storage at room temp, then germ at 25C; fresh seed prechill at 5C for 2wks; 90% germ after 6yrs lab storage",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Impatiens,balsamina,garden balsam,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Impatiens,capensis,spotted snapweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Impatiens,nolitangere,"some seed germ immediately after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in water unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 84% germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Impatiens,pallida,pale snapweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Impatiens,parviflora,seeds placed in water unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors 98% germ; needs prechilling at 5C or less for 2wks,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Impatiens,spp.,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Impatiens,spp.,Balsams ,GROUNDCOVERS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Impatiens,walleriana,Impatiens balsamina,"busy lizzie, balsam",XXS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Impatiens,walleriana,Balsam ,Ground Covers.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Impatiens,walleriana,Weed Science List
  • Basellaceae
  • Anredera,baselloides,"bridal wreath, Madeira vine","Succulent SpeciesInvades: woodland, urban open spaceCultivated for: ornament, and its edible tubers",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Anredera,baselloides,"bridal wreath, Madeira vine","Succulent SpeciesInvades: woodland, urban open spaceCultivated for: ornament, and its edible tubers",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Anredera,cordifolia,Maderia Vine,HXHXXSX,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anredera,cordifolia,Maderia Vine,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,6,8,12","Introduced deliberately from: S Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Anredera,cordifolia,Madeira Vine ,Major WeedVINES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Anredera,cordifolia,Madeira Vine ,Major Threat Vines.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Anredera,cordifolia,Weed Science List
  • Basella,alba,S,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Basella,alba,"Region of origin - Afr, SE Asia; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - agriculture - edible",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Berberidaceae
  • Berberis,aristata,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Berberis,aristata,Weed Science List
  • Berberis,canadensis,American barberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Berberis,darwinii,berberis,XS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Berberis,darwinii,Berberis,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6","Introduced deliberately from: S Am and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Berberis,darwinii,Weed Science List
  • Berberis,fendleri,Colorado barberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Berberis,thunbergii,Japanese barberry,"alternating temps 10-22C, 5-22C, 5-15C & 15-32C all effective; germ at constant temp (10, 15,18C) improved if seeds held at 5C on moist blotters for 32 days before",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Berberis,thunbergii,Japanese barberry,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Berberis,thunbergii,Japanese barberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Berberis,thunbergii,Japanese barberry,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Berberis,vulgaris,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Berberis,vulgaris,"Region of origin - Eur, Asia; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Berberis,vulgaris,European barberry,"alternating temps 10-22C, 5-22C, 5-15C & 15-32C all effective; germ at constant temp (10, 15,18C) improved if seeds held at 5C on moist blotters for 32 days before",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Berberis,vulgaris,European barberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bongardia,chrysogonum,Weed Science List
  • Bongardia,chrysogonum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Leontice,leontopetalum,Weed Science List
  • Leontice,leontopetalum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mahonia,aquifolium,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mahonia,aquifolium,oregongrape,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Mahonia,haematocarpa,red mahonia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Mahonia,leschenaultii,mahonia,S,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mahonia,leschenaultii,"Region of origin - India, E Asia; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Mahonia,leschenaultii,Weed Science List
  • Mahonia,pinnata,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Mahonia,trifoliolata,agarito,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Nandina,domestica,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nandina,domestica,Region of origin - India to Japan; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Nandina,domestica,"heavenly bamboo, nandina, sacred bamboo",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Nandina,domestica,"nadina, heavenly bamboo","Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Betulaceae
  • Alnus,cordata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Alnus,crispa,American green alder,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Alnus,glutinosa,"alder, common alder, European alder",SH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Alnus,glutinosa,Region of origin - NW Eur to W Asia; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Alnus,glutinosa,European alder,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Alnus,glutinosa,sticky alder,WATCH LISTMay be a problem elsewhere; more information needed.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Alnus,rhombifolia,white alder,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Alnus,rubra,red alder,E,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Alnus,rubra,red alder,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Alnus,rugosa,speckled alder,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Alnus,serrulata,hazel alder,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Alnus,sinuata,Sitka alder,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Betula,nigra,red birch,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Betula,nigra,Region of origin - N Amer; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Betula,pendula,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Betula,pubescens,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Betula,pubescens,Region of origin - Eur to Siberia; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Bignoniaceae
  • Adenocalymna,alliaceum,Weed Science List
  • Adenocalymna,alliaceum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Bignonia,capreolata,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bignonia,capreolata,crossvine,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bignonia,capreolata,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Campsis,radicans,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Campsis,radicans,Region of origin - E USA; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Campsis,radicans,trumpetcreeper,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Catalpa,bignonioides,southern catalpa,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Catalpa,speciosa,northern catalpa,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Clytostoma,binatum,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Clytostoma,binatum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Crescentia,cujete,calabash tree,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Jacaranda,mimosifolia,"jacaranda tree, black poui",XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Jacaranda,mimosifolia,Jacaranda ,TREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Jacaranda,mimosifolia,jacaranda," Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: savanna, wooded kloofs, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, shade, timber",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Jacaranda,mimosifolia,jacaranda," Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: savanna, wooded kloofs, riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, shade, timber",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Macfadyena,unguis-cati,Cat's claw creeper,XXS,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Macfadyena,unguis-cati,Cat's-Claw Creeper ,Major WeedVINES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Macfadyena,unguis-cati,catclaw vine,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Macfadyena,unguis-cati,cat's claw creeper,"Woody SpeciesInvades: woodland, plantations, roadsides, urban open spaceCultivated for: ornament",Origin: C & S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Macfadyena,unguis-cati,cat's claw creeper,"Woody SpeciesInvades: woodland, plantations, roadsides, urban open spaceCultivated for: ornament",Origin: C & S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Macfadyena,unguis-cati,Cat's-claw Vine , Major Threat Vines.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Macfadyena,unguis-cati,Weed Science List
  • Macfadyena,unguis-cati,claw vine,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Parmentiera,aculeata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Parmentiera,cerifera,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Parmentiera,edulis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pithecoctenium,cyanchoides,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pithecoctenium,cyanchoides,Region of origin - Brazil to Argentina; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Pyrostegia,ignea,Golden Shower Vine ,VINES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Pyrostegia,venusta,"flame vine, flame thrower",w,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pyrostegia,venusta,Golden Shower Vine,Vines.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Pyrostegia,venusta,Weed Science List
  • Saritaea,magnifica,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Spathodea,campanulata,African tulip tree,", pastures, roadsides",Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tonga ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Spathodea,campanulata,"African tulip tree, flame tree",XXw,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Spathodea,campanulata,Region of origin - trop Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Spathodea,campanulata, ssp. rotundata,African Tulip Tree,TREES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Tanaecium,exitiosum,Weed Science List
  • Tanaecium,exitiosum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Tecoma,alata,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Tecoma,capensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Tecoma,capensis,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Tecoma,capensis,syn. Tecomeria,Fire Flower ,SHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Tecoma,stans,yellow elder,", ",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; New Caledonia; American Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga ,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Tecoma,stans,Tecomaria stans,yellow bells,XE,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Tecoma,stans,yellow bells,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: roadsides, urban open spacesCultivated for: ornament",Origin: tropical Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Tecoma,stans,yellow bells,"Proposed Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: roadsides, urban open spacesCultivated for: ornament",Origin: tropical Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Tecoma,stans,Weed Science List
  • Tecoma,stans,trumpetflower,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Bixaceae
  • Bixa,orellana,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bixa,orellana,Weed Science List
  • Boraginaceae
  • Amsinckia,calycina,Hairy Fiddle-neck,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Amsinckia,calycina,Hairy Fiddle-neck,Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,"S Am, sthern N Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Amsinckia,calycina,Weed Science List
  • Amsinckia,douglasiana,Douglas fiddleneck,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Amsinckia,intermedia,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Amsinckia,intermedia,Coast fiddleneck,100% germ at 20C in darkness on moist filter paper in petri dishes,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Amsinckia,intermedia,Weed Science List
  • Amsinckia,intermedia,coast fiddleneck,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Amsinckia,lycopsoides,Bugloss Fiddle-neck,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Amsinckia,lycopsoides,Bugloss Fiddle-neck,Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 41,"eastern N Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Amsinckia,lycopsoides,Weed Science List
  • Amsinckia,lycopsoides,tarweed fiddleneck,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Amsinckia,menziesii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Amsinckia,menziesii,Region of origin - W USA; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Amsinckia,spp.,"yellow burrweed, amsinckia, buckthorn, fiddleneck, tar weed, yellow gromwell",L,WA; SA; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Amsinckia,spp.,"yellow burrweed, amsinckia, buckthorn, fiddleneck, tar weed, yellow gromwell","important weed generally throughout the cereal belt of NSW; it infests Vic cereal crops in Wimmera, southern Mallee & Ballart area; many outbreaks in SA cereal areas particularly in upper south east & Mallee with smaller infestations in northern areas & i","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
    Amsinckia,spp.,Yellow burrweed * n ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mo","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Amsinckia,spp.,"yellow burrweed, amsinckia", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Amsinckia,spp.,"yellow burrweed, amsinckia",P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Amsinckia,tessellata,western fiddleneck,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Anchusa,arvensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anchusa,arvensis,Bugloss,Lycopsis arvensis,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Anchusa,arvensis,Small bugloss ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Anchusa,arvensis,Weed Science List
  • Anchusa,azurea,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anchusa,azurea,Large Blue Alkanet,A. italica,"Mainland Europe except: Northern Germany , less in Germany and France.",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Anchusa,azurea,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Anchusa,capensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Anchusa,capensis,Weed Science List
  • Anchusa,italica,Weed Science List
  • Anchusa,italica,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Anchusa,officinalis,Alkanet,"All Europe except: Spain, Portugal, UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Anchusa,officinalis,Common bugloss ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Anchusa,officinalis,Weed Science List
  • Anchusa,officinalis,common bugloss,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Asperugo,procumbens,Madwort,"Mainland Europe, Scandinavia (less in West)",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Borago,officinalis,borage,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Borago,officinalis,Borage,"Mainland Europe, UK, Sweden (Less in Northern Europe)",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Borago,officinalis,Weed Science List
  • Bothriospermum,tenellum,Weed Science List
  • Bothriospermum,tenellum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Bothriospermum,tenellum,biennial sub-dominance , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Bothriospermum,tenellum,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Bourreria,acimoides,Weed Science List
  • Bourreria,acimoides,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Buglossoides,arvensis,Weed Science List
  • Buglossoides,arvensis,corn gromwell,"RANK 3. "LESSER THREAT"Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic weeds.",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Buglossoides,arvensis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Buglossoides,arvensis,syn Lithospermum arvense,"Field Gromwell, Corn gromwell",Lithospermum arvense ,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cerinthe,major,"S West Europe, inc Italy and Greece",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cerinthe,major,"S West Europe, inc Italy and Greece",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cerinthe,minor,Central to S East Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cerinthe,minor,Central to S East Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cordia,boissieri,Weed Science List
  • Cordia,boissieri,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cordia,curassavica,Weed Science List
  • Cordia,curassavica,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cordia,cylindristachya,Weed Science List
  • Cordia,cylindristachya,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cordia,sebestena,geiger tree,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Cordia,subcordata,cordia,"tropical America, forest thickets, sandy shores",French Polynesia; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tuvalu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Cryptantha,torreyana,"prechilling of moist seed at 3C for 4wks, then alt. temp 20-30C with alt. light/dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cynoglossum,clandestinum,W Medit Region,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cynoglossum,clandestinum,W Medit Region,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cynoglossum,coeruleum,Weed Science List
  • Cynoglossum,coeruleum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cynoglossum,creticum,Medit Region,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cynoglossum,creticum,Medit Region,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cynoglossum,lanceolatum,"seeds planted 1-12wks after harvest in greenhouse; 8% germ with prechilling & conc. sulfuric acid treatment, no germ untreated seeds ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cynoglossum,officinale,Hounds tounge,"4% germ at 20C in dark, & at alt. 20-30C with alt. ligth/dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cynoglossum,officinale,Hound's Tounge,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cynoglossum,officinale,Hound's Tounge,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cynoglossum,officinale,Houndstongue ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Cynoglossum,officinale,houndstongue,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Cynoglossum,officinale,houndstongue,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cynoglossum,virginianum,planted seeds in greenhouse approx. 3wks after harvest no germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cynoglosum,creticum,E,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cynoglosum,creticum,Region of origin - S Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Echium,brevirame,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Echium,candicans,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echium,fastuosum,"pride of Madeira, beeshead",X,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echium,italicum,LP,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echium,italicum,Italian bugloss,Weed Science List
  • Echium,italicum,Italian bugloss,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Echium,lycopsis,Weed Science List
  • Echium,pininana,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Echium,plantagineum,Echium lycopsis,"Paterson's curse, salvation Jane, blue weed, Lady Campbell weed, purple bugloss, purple echium, purple viper's bugloss, Riverina bluebell, viper's bugloss",HXXXXAXXH,L,ACT; NSW; Vic; SA; NT; WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echium,plantagineum,Patersons Curse,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 3,4,5,8","Introduced deliberately from: Med, Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Echium,plantagineum,Paterson's Curse,"E. lycopsis, E. violaceum, E. maritimum","Southern and Western Europe, Uk",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Echium,plantagineum, Echium lycopsis,"Paterson's curse, salvation Jane, blue weed, Lady Campbell weed, purple bugloss, purple echium, purple viper's bugloss, Riverina bluebell, viper's bugloss","prolific seeder & over 30 000 seeds/sq.m in dense patches; emergence & estab. favoured by early break in season, its high early growth rate allows it to out-compete other seedlings & better equips it to survive moisture stress after a false break; seedlin","originated in Medit region & W Eur; now spread to most temp areas of the world, but imprt. weed in Aust only; common & widesprd in S Afr, S Amer & occurs but not common in N Amer & NZ; occasionally weedy on arable land in parts of its native range ie. Spa","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Echium,plantagineum,Patterson's curse,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: cultivated lands, pastures, roadsidesCultivated for: ornament",Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Echium,plantagineum,Patterson's curse,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: cultivated lands, pastures, roadsidesCultivated for: ornament",Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Echium,plantagineum,Salvation Jane * n ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Echium,plantagineum,"Paterson's curse, salvation Jane", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Echium,plantagineum,"Paterson's curse, salvation Jane",P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Echium,rauwolfii,syn ,"waste ground, roadsides, especially in Upper Egypt; also encountered in some desert regions.","Arid Saharan belt of Afr, Arabia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Echium,simplex,L,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echium,simplex,Weed Science List
  • Echium,vulgare,"viper's bugloss, blue thistle, blueweed",XAH,NLP,NSW; Vic; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Echium,vulgare,Vipers Bugloss,"Dispersal: animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,C As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Echium,vulgare,Blue thistle,"91% germ within 7 days in diffuse light at 20-25C, no germ within 158days in dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Echium,vulgare,Viper's Bugloss,"E. argenteum, E. granatense, E. hispanicum",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Echium,vulgare,"viper's bugloss, blue thistle, blueweed",less palatable & competitive than E. plantagineum,"originated from Eur & Asia Minor; now spread through the temp areas of the world & is a weed of some imprt. in the USA, particularly in pastures in the States of Washington & Virginia, & also imprt. in cereal crops in the British Isles; occurs in Canada, ","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Echium,vulgare,Blueweed ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Echium,vulgare,blue echium,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: cultivated lands, pastures, roadsidesCultivated for: ornament",Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Echium,vulgare,blue echium,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: cultivated lands, pastures, roadsidesCultivated for: ornament",Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Echium,vulgare,viper's bugloss,Weed Science List
  • Echium,vulgare,blue thistle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Echium,vulgare,viper's bugloss,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Echium,vulgare,viper's bugloss,WATCH LISTMay be a problem elsewhere; more information needed.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Hackelia,floribunda,western stickseed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hackelia,floribunda,manyflower stickseed,P,http://issfw.palomar.edu/Wayne/plmay98.htm,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Harpagonella,palmeri, var. palmeri Gray ,Palmer's grapplinghook,P,"Palmer's grapplinghookOne of the ""super hitchhikers"" of southern California, Baja California Norte, and the offshore California islands is alow-growing annual called ""stick-tight"" (Harpagonella palmeri). In the official WAYNE'S WORD Top 17 Hitchhikers, ",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heliotropium,amplexicaule,"Cochranea anchusaefolia, Heliotropium anchusaefolium, Tournefortia heliotropioides","blue heliotrope, clasping heliotrope, purpletop, turnsole, wild heliotrope, wild verbena, verveine sauvage",XX,NLP,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Heliotropium,amplexicaule," Cochranea anchusaefolia, Heliotropium anchusaefolium, Tournefortia heliotropioides","blue heliotrope, clasping heliotrope, purpletop, turnsole, wild heliotrope, wild verbena, verveine sauvage","coloniser of roadsides, old cultivation areas & pastures where, because of its gregarius nature & the ground cover provided by its many prostrate stems, its commonly found in clumps free of other sp., reducing pasture productivity; aggressive on deep red ",native of S Amer,"Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Heliotropium,amplexicaule,blue heliotrope,Weed Science List
  • Heliotropium,amplexicaule,clasping heliotrope,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Heliotropium,amplexicaule,blue heliotrope,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heliotropium,anomalum,silvery heliotrope,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Heliotropium,bovei,Weed Science List
  • Heliotropium,bovei,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heliotropium,curassavicum,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Heliotropium,curassavicum,Weed Science List
  • Heliotropium,curassavicum,seaside heliotrope,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Heliotropium,europaeum,"common heliotrope, Barooga weed, caterpillar weed, European heliotrope, potato weed, Wanderie curse",XXX,L,WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Heliotropium,europaeum,Common Heliotrope,"Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,9,11","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Heliotropium,europaeum,Heliotrope,South and Central Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Heliotropium,europaeum,"common heliotrope, Barooga weed, caterpillar weed, European heliotrope, potato weed, Wanderie curse","most prominent in areas of abundant winter rainfall, 300-500mm isohytes, depends on summer rains for development; once estab. acts as an ephemeral plant ripening seed about 6-8wks after germ & producing several generations in the one season; not an aggres","native to S & C Eur, W Asia & N Afr","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Heliotropium,europaeum,common heliotrope, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Heliotropium,europaeum,common heliotrope,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heliotropium,indicum,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Heliotropium,indicum,Weed Science List
  • Heliotropium,indicum,"syn Heliophytum indicum, Tiaridium indicum",heliotrope,"on sunny, periodically moist, or marshy & desiccating sites; waste places, ditch borders, dried up pools & ditches, on spread mud, along roads; often very common; in Java from 0-800m alt. esp. above 400m; flowering season extended, the first-formed seeds ","Asia, throughout Indonesia, except Irian Jaya & the Moluccas","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Heliotropium,indicum,Indian heliotrope,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Heliotropium,sudanicum,Weed Science List
  • Heliotropium,sudanicum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heliotropium,supinum,Creeping Heliotrope,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Heliotropium,supinum,Creeping Heliotrope,"Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,9","Med, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Heliotropium,supinum,Weed Science List
  • Heliotropium ,lasiocarpum,syn H. europaeum var. tenuiflorum; H. ellipticum var. lasiocarpum ,"Fields, roadsides, especially in sandy and loamy soils.","E Medit, SW and C Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Heliotropium ,supinum,syn ,Nile and canal banks,"Medit, C Eur, W Asia extending eastward to India, N & E Afr.","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Lappula,echinata,European sticktight,seeds dormant at harvest; soaking seeds for 24hrs in 500/1000 ppm soln of the K salts of GA & germ seed on soln moistened filter paper at 21C in dark inc. germ of fresh & 6mth stored seed,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lappula,echinata,European sticktight,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lappula,occidentalis,western sticktight,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lappula,squarrosa,L. echinata,"Mainland Europe, Scandinavia (less in North)",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lithospermum,arvense,Corn gromwell,18% germ with alt. temps of 20-30C in dark & 16% in light; best germ with alt. temps of 10-18C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lithospermum,arvense,Weed Science List
  • Lithospermum,arvense,corn gromwell,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lithospermum,officinale,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lithospermum,officinale,gromwell,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lithospermum,ruderale,Western gormwell,"36% germ of seed prechilled on moist blotters at 3C for 4wks, with constant 20C in dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lithospermum,ruderale,western gromwell,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lycopsis,arvensis,small bugloss,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Mertensia,fusiformis,"5% germ of cold stratified seed at 8C for 11mths, at 18C in dark; germ not improved after 18mths cold stratification or by special treatments including nicking seed coat, embryo excision or sulfuric acid treatment",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Mertensia,maritima,60-100% germ of cold stratified (2C for 33days) seed on moist filter paper in petri dishes in daylight at room temps fluctuating about a mean of 17C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Myosotis,alpestris,50% germ of seed sown in autumn & spring in warm glasshouse in3wks after sowing,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Myosotis,arvensis,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myosotis,arvensis,100& germ immediately or soon after harvest; seed placed in warm germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; germ favoured by light & alt. temp of 10-30C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Myosotis,arvensis,Field forget me not,M. intermedia,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Myosotis,caespitosa,Weed Science List
  • Myosotis,discolor,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myosotis,discolor,Changing forget me not,"M. versicolor, M. collina",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Myosotis,discolor,Weed Science List
  • Myosotis,laxa,Water Forget-me-not,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myosotis,laxa,Water Forget-me-not,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,14","Introduced deliberately from: Euras,N Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Myosotis,laxa,Weed Science List
  • Myosotis,ramosissima,Early forget me not,"M. hispida, M. collina, M. gracillima",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Myosotis,ramosissima,Early forget me not,"M. hispida, M. collina, M. gracillima",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Myosotis,scorpioides,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myosotis,stricta,"only 4% germ at 15C with alt. light/dark; no germ at 20C in dark, 20-30C in dark or 20-30C with alt. light/dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Myosotis,stricta,Upright forget me not,M. micrantha,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Myosotis,stricta,Upright forget me not,M. micrantha,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Myosotis,sylvatica,wood forget-me-not,HXs,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myosotis,sylvatica,Wood Forget-me-not,"Dispersal: animal external,?Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,N As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Myosotis,sylvatica,Weed Science List
  • Neatostema,apulum,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Neatostema,apulum,Weed Science List
  • Nonea,lutea,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Nonea,pulla,N. rossica,"Eastern Europe, less France, Finland",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Nonea,pulla,N. rossica,"Eastern Europe, less France, Finland",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Nonea,vesicaria,SW Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Nonea,vesicaria,SW Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Pentaglottis,sempervirens,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Plagiobothrys,canescens,Valley popcorn flower,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Symphytum,asperum,Rough Comfrey ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Symphytum,asperum,prickly comfrey,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Symphytum,bulbosum,S. zeyheri,"S East Europe, inc Italy",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Symphytum,bulbosum,S. zeyheri,"S East Europe, inc Italy",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Symphytum,officinale,"common comfrey, blackwort",X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Symphytum,officinale,Common comfrey,"seeds capable of germ in water, even though species is not considered aquatic",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Symphytum,officinale,Comfrey,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Symphytum,officinale,Weed Science List
  • Symphytum,officinale,common comfrey,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Symphytum,X uplandicum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Tournefortia (=Messerschmidia),argentea,tree heliotrope,", coconut, pandanus",Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tuvalu; Wallis & Futuna,""Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific", D.F Waterhouse"
  • Trachystemon,orientalis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Trachystemon,orientalis,Region of origin - E Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Trichodesma,zeylanicum,"only 2% germ of seed treated with conc. sulfuric acid for 30min, held on wet filter paper & alt. daily from 32C:9hrs to 4C:5hrs for 15days, before planting in 5-10mm of soil; 1yr old seed no germ under any conditions tried",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Trigonotis,peduncularis,biennial dominant weed barley & wheat crops , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Brassicaceae
  • Alliaria,officinalis,garlic mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Alliaria,petiolaris,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Alliaria,petiolaris,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Alliaria,petiolata,garlic mustard,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Alliaria,petiolata,garlic mustard,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Alyssum,alyssoides,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Alyssum,alyssoides,Samll Alison,"A. calycinum, A. conglobatum",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Alyssum,alyssoides,Cruciferae ,Samll Alison,"A. calycinum, A. conglobatum",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Alyssum,linifolium,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Alyssum,linifolium,Weed Science List
  • Arabidopsis,thaliana,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Arabidopsis,thaliana,Mouse ear cress,"freshly harvested seed induce germ by keeping moist for 2 days at 5C, then germ at alternating temps 10hrs at 22C & 14hrs at 5C for 6-8 days; or on filter paper saturated with 0.0001% soln of GA",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Arabidopsis,thaliana,Thale Cress,Sisymbrium thalianum,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Arabidopsis,thaliana,Weed Science List
  • Arabidopsis,thaliana,mouseearcress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Arabis,glabra,"fresh seeds require 1-2wks prechilling at 5C, then 20C for 16hrs & 30C for 8hrs (light could be benefical), for 14 days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Arabis,hirsuta,fresh seed can germ almost immediately at room temp,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Arabis,holboellii,dry stored seed 44% germ at 15C in darkness on filter paper in Petri dishes,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Arabis,stricta,"1 yr old dry stored seed sown in soil gave 60-90% germ at room temp, as did freshly harvested seed, but 4-7mth old seed not as good. ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Armoracia,rusticana,Horse Radish,"A. lapathifolia, Cochlearia armorica",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Barbarea,intermedia,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Barbarea,intermedia,"Western Europe, less in North, UK & Eire",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Barbarea,intermedia,Weed Science List
  • Barbarea,orthoceras,"70% germ with prechilling moist seed at 3C for 2-4wks, then constant darkness with alternating temps of 20-30C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Barbarea,spp.,field mustard,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Barbarea,verna,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Barbarea,verna,Early wintercress,"germ on paper towelling moisten with 0.2% soln of potassium nitrate, then alternating 20-35C in constant darkness",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Barbarea,verna,"Western Europe, less in North, UK & Eire",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Barbarea,verna,Weed Science List
  • Barbarea,verna,early wintercress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Barbarea,vulgaris,Yellow rocket,"alternating temp 20-30C, in constant light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Barbarea,vulgaris,Winter Cress,"B. iberica, B. lyrata","All Europe, Asia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Barbarea,vulgaris,Cruciferae ,Winter Cress,"B. iberica, B. lyrata","All Europe, Asia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Barbarea,vulgaris,yellow rocket,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Berteroa,incana,Hoary alyssum,constant temp 20C with seeds in Petri dishes on blotter moistened with 0.2% potassium nitrate soln,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Berteroa,incana,Hoary Alison,"B. stricta, A. incanum, Farsetia incarna","All Europe except Eire, Spain Portugal & SW France, less in Western Europe & Scandinavia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Berteroa,incana,Cruciferae ,Hoary Alison,"B. stricta, A. incanum, Farsetia incarna","All Europe except Eire, Spain Portugal & SW France, less in Western Europe & Scandinavia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Berteroa,incana,hoary alyssum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Biscutella,auriculata,Jondraba auriculata,SW Europe inc Italy,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Biscutella,auriculata,Cruciferae ,Jondraba auriculata,SW Europe inc Italy,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Biscutella,didyma,var. columnae,Weed Science List
  • Biscutella,didyma,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Biscutella,laevigata,Central Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Biscutella,laevigata,Cruciferae ,Central Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Brassica,barrelieri,B. oxyrrhina,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,barrelieri,Weed Science List
  • Brassica,campestris,"bird rape, wild turnip",Brassica campestris is a weed of many crops in both northern and southern temperate regions.,northern temperate zone and also in southwestern and central Asia.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Brassica,campestris,Wild turnip,"dormancy about 1mth, germ on blotters moistened with 0.2% soln potassium nitrate & temp alternation 20-30C in constant dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Brassica,campestris,Birdsrape Mustard,atrazine 1977 Canada Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Brassica,campestris,wild turnip,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Brassica,chinensis,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,elongata,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,elongata,"Eastern Europe, less Central and Italy",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Brassica,elongata,Weed Science List
  • Brassica,fruticulosa,twiggy turnip,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,fruticulosa,Twiggy Turnip,"Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Biennial/Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8,12","S Eur, N Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Brassica,fruticulosa,Weed Science List
  • Brassica,hirta,white mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Brassica,incana,shortpod mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Brassica,juncea,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,juncea,Indian mustard,no special treatment,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Brassica,juncea,Indian Mustard,"Northern Mainland Europe, scattered",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Brassica,juncea,Weed Science List
  • Brassica,juncea,Indian mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Brassica,kaber," var. pinnatifida Brassica arvensis, Brassica sinapistrum, Sinapis arvensis",Wild mustard,"dormant seed prechilled 5 days at 2-10C, then alternating temps of 15-30C; or treat with conc. sulphuric acid for 2-4min, to break seed coat",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Brassica,kaber,syn var. pinnatifida,"charlock, wild mustard","Brassica kaber is reported as a weed of 30 crops in 52 countries and is frequently reported as a serious weed of cereal, sugar beets and maize. It is a serious or principal weed of cereals in Argentina, Australia, England, Germany, Hungary, Jordan, Norway","originated in Eurasia, but now prevalent in temperate regions of Eur, N Amer, and the former Soviet Union.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Brassica,kaber var. pinnatifida,wild mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Brassica,napus,rape,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,napus,Rape,Cosmopolitan,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Brassica,napus,Weed Science List
  • Brassica,nigra,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,nigra,Black Mustard ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Brassica,nigra,Black mustard,"dormancy of 6-9mths after harvest; germ on moistened blotters with 0.2% potassium nitrate soln, temp alternation of 20-30C ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Brassica,nigra,Black Mustard,Cosmopolitan,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Brassica,nigra,black mustard,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Brassica,nigra,syn Sinapis nigra,Black nustard,winter weed in fieldsPlant often used as cut green in flower shops. Mustard produced from the seeds. Folk medicine uses plant as a stomach diuretic & stimulant.,"Medit, Eur; also naturalised in many regions of the world","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Brassica,nigra,Weed Science List
  • Brassica,nigra,black mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Brassica,oleracea,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,oleracea,Wild Cabbage,Numerous horticultural varieties,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Brassica,oleracea,Weed Science List
  • Brassica,rapa,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,rapa,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,rapa,Chinese mustard,X,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,rapa,"B. campestris, B. asperifolia",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Brassica,rapa,Weed Science List
  • Brassica,rapa,birdsrape mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Brassica,tournefortii,"Mediterranean turnip, wild turnip",HHHH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,tournefortii,Moroccan Mustard ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Brassica,tournefortii,Mediterranean Turnip,"Dispersal: ?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 3,4","As , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Brassica,tournefortii,Wild turnip,chlorsulfuron 1992 Australia Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Brassica,tournefortii,"wild turnip, Asian mustard, Moroccan mustard",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Brassica,tournefortii,syn ,"sandy and loamy fields, gardens, orchards","Medit, W Asia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Brassica,tournefortii,Weed Science List
  • Brassica,x juncea,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Brassica,x napus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Bunias,erucago,Crested Bunias,"Central & Western Europe & UK, less in NE areas",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Bunias,erucago,Cruciferae ,Crested Bunias,"Central & Western Europe & UK, less in NE areas",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Bunias,orientalis,Warty Cabbage,"Central & Northern Europe, UK & Scandinavia, less in Western areas, UK & Scandinavia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Bunias,orientalis,Cruciferae ,Warty Cabbage,"Central & Northern Europe, UK & Scandinavia, less in Western areas, UK & Scandinavia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cakile,edentula,American sea rocket,XXXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cakile,edentula,American Sea Rocket,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1","N Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Cakile,edentula,Weed Science List
  • Cakile,maritima,sea rocket,XXH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cakile,maritima,Sea Rocket,"Dispersal: Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: ","Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Cakile,maritima,Weed Science List
  • Calepina,irregularis,"C. corvini, Myagrum irregulare",white ball mustard,w,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Calepina,irregularis,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - ~1500 ha; Means of spread - contaminant probably,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Calepina,irregularis,White Ball Mustard,C. corvini,"Southern Europe, sometimes as far North as UK, Belgium & Holland ",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Camelina,alyssum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Camelina,alyssum,"C. dentata, C. foetida, C. linicola, C. pinnatifida",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Camelina,alyssum,Weed Science List
  • Camelina,dentata,Flatseed false flax,95% of seed planted in field in autumn of year of collection germinated early the next spring,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Camelina,dentata,flatseed falseflax,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Camelina,macrocarpa,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Camelina,macrocarpa,Cruciferae ,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Camelina,microcarpa,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Camelina,microcarpa,Cruciferae ,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Camelina,microcarpa,smallseed falseflax,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Camelina,rumelica,"Spain, Portugal, Italy & Eastern Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Camelina,rumelica,Cruciferae ,"Spain, Portugal, Italy & Eastern Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Camelina,sativa,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Camelina,sativa,Large seed false flax,"95% seed planted in field in autumn of year of collection, germ early next spring",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Camelina,sativa,Gold of Pleasure,"C. glabrata, C. pilosa",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Camelina,sativa,Weed Science List
  • Camelina,sativa,largeseed falseflax,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Camelina ,microcarpa,Small seed false flax,92% germ at 15C in constant darkness with alternating temps of 20-30C; light inhibits germ; ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Capsella,bursa pastoris, Weed in rich site annual sub-dominance , Upland Korea Upland Japan Hokkaido Okayama ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Capsella,bursa-pastoris,shepherds purse,XXXXXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Capsella,bursa-pastoris,Shepherd's purse,"freshly harvested seed germ poor; 2yr storage germ good on blotters moisten with 0.2% soln of potassium nitrate, alternating temp 20-30C in darkness; rupturing seed coat increases germ to 100%; prechilling 2wks at 5C in KNO3 soln",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Capsella,bursa-pastoris,Shepherd's Purse,Cosmopolitan,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Capsella,bursa-pastoris,Shepherd's-purse ,simazine 1984 Poland Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Capsella,bursa-pastoris,syn Thlaspi bursa-pastoris,Shepherd's purse,"widespread winter weed, in gardens, fields, orchards, lawns, waste ground, roadsides, etc.""Plant used in folk medicine as an astringent, hemostatic, & vasoconstrictor""","cosmopolitan, especially in temp. regions","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Capsella,bursa-pastoris,shepherds purse,Weed Science List
  • Capsella,bursa-pastoris,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Capsella,bursa-pastoris,shepherdspurse,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Capsella,bursapastoris,Shepherds Purse,"Dispersal: animal external,?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","N Hem, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Capsella,rubella,Pink Shepherd's Purse,"Southern Europe, sometimes further North",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Capsella,rubella,Cruciferae ,Pink Shepherd's Purse,"Southern Europe, sometimes further North",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cardamine,corymbosa,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cardamine,flexuosa,common bittercress,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cardamine,flexuosa,Weed Science List
  • Cardamine,flexuosa, Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Cardamine,hirsuta,common bitter-cress,XXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cardamine,hirsuta,Common Bitter-cress,"Dispersal: animal external,?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,13,14","N Hem and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Cardamine,hirsuta,Hairy Bitter Cress,C. multicaulis,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cardamine,hirsuta,Weed Science List
  • Cardamine,hirsuta,hairy bittercress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cardamine,paucijuga,Weed Science List
  • Cardamine,pensylvanica,Pennsylvania bittercress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cardamine,pratensis,cuckoo bittercress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cardaminopsis,arenosa,Sand Rock Cress,Arabis arenosa,"All Europe except UK, Eire, Spain & Portugal",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cardaminopsis,arenosa,Cruciferae ,Sand Rock Cress,Arabis arenosa,"All Europe except UK, Eire, Spain & Portugal",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cardaria,alliodora,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cardaria,chalapense,Lens-podded White-top ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cardaria,chalepensis,Lens-podded Hoarycress ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cardaria,draba,"Cochlearia draba, Lepidium draba, Nasturtium draba","hoary cress, white weed, heart-podded hoary cress, hoary cardaria, hoary pepperwort, thanet cress, white top, whitlow pepperwort",Xw,NL,NSW; Vic; SA; WA; Tas,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cardaria,draba,Heart-podded Hoarycress ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cardaria,draba,"White-top, Hoary Cress ","California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cardaria,draba, Lepidium draba,Hoary cress,"temps of 20-35C favourable for germ, exposure to light increased germ %; 0.005% soln GA stimulated germ, by soaking seeds 24hrs in soln or germ on soln moistened filter paper ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cardaria,draba,Hoary Cress,Lepidium draba,"All Europe, less in NW areas",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cardaria,draba," Cochlearia draba, Lepidium draba, Nasturtium draba","hoary cress, white weed, heart-podded hoary cress, hoary cardaria, hoary pepperwort, thanet cress, white top, whitlow pepperwort","considered one of the worst weeds of arable areas in several parts of the world because of its serious effect on crop yields; it is essentially a weed of dryland crops grown in monoculture; as well as competing with cereal crops, it interfers with harves","originated in the area from the E Medit through Asia Minor to S & C Asia; now has spread to all continents & particularly common in many parats of N Amer, occurring as a weed in cereal crops, lucerne & veges; considered most imprt. weed of grain crops in ","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cardaria,draba,Hoary cress ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Cardaria,draba,"white top, hoary cress",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Cardaria,draba,Hoary cress N ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mo","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Cardaria,draba,"hoary cress, white weed", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Cardaria,draba,"hoary cress, hoary pepperwort, thanet cress, whiteweed, lepidium, perennial peppergrass, whitetop","temperate regions with sparse distribution in the warm regions of C Amer, N Afr, the Arabian Peninsula, and C India.",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Cardaria,draba,hoary cress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cardaria,draba,"hoary cress, white weed",P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cardaria,pubescens,Globe-podded Hoarycress ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Cardaria,pubescens,Hairy whitetop,91% germ alternating temp of 20-30C & light/dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cardaria,pubescens,Hairy whitetop ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Cardaria,pubescens var. elongata,hairy whitetop,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cardaria,spp.,cardaria,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Carrichtera,annua,Wards weed,HXXXH,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Carrichtera,annua,Wards Weed,"Dispersal: ?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 3,4","Med, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Carrichtera,annua,Weed Science List
  • Cheiranthus,cheiri,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cheiranthus,cheiri,Region of origin - C & S Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Chorispora,tenella,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Chorispora,tenella,Purple Mustard ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Chorispora,tenella,Blue mustard,"28% germ at 20C in darkness, 24% at 15C with alt. light/dark, 12% with temp alt. of 20-30C & alt. light/dark; no germ with 20-30C in dark",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Chorispora,tenella,Blue mustard ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Chorispora,tenella,blue mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cochlearia,danica,97% germ soon after harvest; seeds placed in germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Conringia,orientalis,Treacle mustard,GP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Conringia,orientalis,Haresear mustard,germ at 13C constant or alt. temp of 10-25C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Conringia,orientalis,Hare's Ear Cabbage,"All Europe except Eire & Norway, less in Western & Northern regions",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Conringia,orientalis,Treacle mustard,Weed Science List
  • Conringia,orientalis,haresear mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Conringia,orientalis,Treacle mustard,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Coronopus,didymus,XX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coronopus,didymus,Lesser Swine Cress,Senebiera didyma,"Central & Western Europe, UK & Eire, scattered",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Coronopus,didymus,syn Lepidium didymum; Senebiera didyma,"fields, lawns, gardens, roadsides",probably S Amer; naturalised in many temp. & trop. regions of the world,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Coronopus,didymus,Weed Science List
  • Coronopus,didymus,"bittercress, carrot weed, hog's cress, land cress, lesser swinecress, twin cress","Coronopus didymus is a foul-smelling plant with creeping shoots radiating from the crown of a tap root to form a round mat. It is a spoiler of milk and is now present in many dairying countries. It imparts a strong, tainted off flavour which is intensifie",on all continents and tends to be concentrated in the temperate zone and subtropics.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Coronopus,didymus,swinecress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Coronopus,integrifolius,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coronopus,integrifolius,Weed Science List
  • Coronopus,niloticus,syn ,"confined to the silty Nile and canal banks. Since construction of Aswan High Dam, natural habitat been destroyed & species has become increasingly less common",E Afr,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Coronopus,procumbens,creeping watercress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Coronopus,squamatus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coronopus,squamatus,Swinecress ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Coronopus,squamatus,Swine Cress,"C. procumbens, C. ruelli, Senebiera coronopus",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Coronopus,squamatus,syn Lepidium squamatum; Senebiera coronopus,Water cress,"moist ground, along canalsLeaves are eaten as green salad & roots are cooked & eaten","Medit, W & C Eur, W Asia; introduced into Aust, N & S Amer","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Coronopus,squamatus,Weed Science List
  • Crambe,abyssinica,Weed Science List
  • Descurainia,longipedicellata,slimstem tansymustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Descurainia,pinnata,Tansy mustard,"80% germ in dark at 15C, or alt. 20-30C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Descurainia,pinnata,tansymustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Descurainia,richardsoni,Richardson tansymustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Descurainia,sophia,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Descurainia,sophia, Sophia multifida,Flix weed,"seeds germ better shortly after harvest than stored for 1yr; germ with alt. temps of 23C inlight & 30C in dark, seed switched to these temps every 2nd day",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Descurainia,sophia,Flixweed,Sisymbrium sophia,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Descurainia,sophia,Weed Science List
  • Descurainia,sophia,flixweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Descurainia,sophia,"Flixweed, Tansy Mustard ","California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Descurainia,sophia,Flixweed ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Descurainia,var. brachycarpa,green tansymustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Diplotaxis,catholica,Iberian Peninsula,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Diplotaxis,catholica,Cruciferae ,Iberian Peninsula,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Diplotaxis,erucoides,White Rocket,D. valentina,"SE Europe, inc Italy",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Diplotaxis,erucoides,Weed Science List
  • Diplotaxis,erucoides,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Diplotaxis,muralis,"stinking wallrocket, stinking wallrocket, stinkweed, wallmustard, sandrocket",XX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Diplotaxis,muralis,Annual Wall Rocket,"Central & Southern Europe, less in Northern areas",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Diplotaxis,muralis,Weed Science List
  • Diplotaxis,muralis,stinking wallrocket,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Diplotaxis,tenuifolia,"Brassica tenuifolia, Sisymbrium tenuifolia","sand rocket, sand mustard, Lincoln weed, large sandrocket, perennial rocket, perennial wall rocket, slimleaf wall rocket, wall rocket",XX,GLP,SA; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Diplotaxis,tenuifolia,Wall Rocket,"Dispersal: animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,8,12","WS&C Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Diplotaxis,tenuifolia,Perennial Wall Rocket,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Diplotaxis,tenuifolia," Brassica tenuifolia, Sisymbrium tenuifolia","sand rocket, sand mustard, Lincoln weed, large sandrocket, perennial rocket, perennial wall rocket, slimleaf wall rocket, wall rocket","introd to Aust between 1890-1900, possibly in ship's ballast; well estab. in the Bacchus Marsh, Geelong & Warrnambool areas in Vic, occurring mainly on roadsides, along railway easements & occasionally in pastures; common on the Eyre & York Peninsula, the","native of S & C Eur & Asia Minor; spread to many temp parts of the world & considered to be a weed of some imprt. throughout Eur inc. the British Isles, W USA, Arg, NZ & Aust","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Diplotaxis,tenuifolia,Lincoln weed * ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Diplotaxis,tenuifolia,"sand rocket, sand mustard, Lincoln weed",Weed Science List
  • Diplotaxis,tenuifolia,Weed Science List
  • Diplotaxis,tenuifolia,slimleaf wallrocket,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Diplotaxis,tenuifolia,"sand rocket, sand mustard, Lincoln weed",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Diplotaxis,viminea,"Central & Southern Europe, less in Northern areas",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Diplotaxis,viminea,Cruciferae ,"Central & Southern Europe, less in Northern areas",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Diplotaxis,virgata,Iberian Peninsula,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Diplotaxis,virgata,Cruciferae ,Iberian Peninsula,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Draba,muralis,95% germ after 2mths dry storage at temps of 15-25C in light,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Draba,nemorosa,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Draba,nemorosa,Weed Science List
  • Draba,verna,whitlowwort,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Enarthrocarpus,lyratus,syn Raphanus lyratus,"edges of cultivations, waste ground","E Medit, Arabia","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Erophila,verna,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erophila,verna,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erophila,verna,Whitlow Grass,"E. vulgaris, Draba verna",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erophila,verna,Weed Science List
  • Eruca,sativa,Weed Science List
  • Eruca,sativa,garden rocket,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Eruca,vesicalia,ssp. salvia Garden rocket ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Eruca,vesicaria,E. sativa,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eruca,vesicaria,E. sativa,"All Europe except Eire, Sweden & Finland, Less in Central North and UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Eruca,vesicaria,Cruciferae ,E. sativa,"All Europe except Eire, Sweden & Finland, Less in Central North and UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erucaria,aleppica,Weed Science List
  • Erucaria,aleppica,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Erucaria,hispanica,"E. myagroides, E. tenuifolia, E. aleppica","Greece, less in Italy, Spain & Portugal",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erucaria,hispanica,Cruciferae ,"E. myagroides, E. tenuifolia, E. aleppica","Greece, less in Italy, Spain & Portugal",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erucastrum,gallicum,Dog mustard,seeds planted in field in autumn of year collected germ in following spring,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Erucastrum,gallicum,Hairy Rocket,"Central & Western Europe, UK, Sweden & Norway, less in North & East",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erucastrum,gallicum,Cruciferae ,Hairy Rocket,"Central & Western Europe, UK, Sweden & Norway, less in North & East",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erucastrum,gallicum,dog mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Erucastrum,nasturtiifolium,"Central & Southern Europe & UK, less in North & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erucastrum,nasturtiifolium,Cruciferae ,"Central & Southern Europe & UK, less in North & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erysimum,asperum,Western wallflower,40% germ of 5yr old seed on moist sand in dark at 68 -70F,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Erysimum,asperum,western wallflower,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Erysimum,capitatum,62% germ alt. temp 20-30C & alt. light/dark,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Erysimum,cheiranthoides,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erysimum,cheiranthoides,Wormseed mustard,47% germ with constant temp of 35C; moistening substratum with 0.2% KNO3 inc. germ; needs low light & brief exposure enough,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Erysimum,cheiranthoides,Treacle Mustard,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erysimum,cheiranthoides,Weed Science List
  • Erysimum,cheiranthoides,wormseed mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Erysimum,cheiranthoides,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Erysimum,repandrum,E. patens,Central East and Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Erysimum,repandum,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Erysimum,repandum,Weed Science List
  • Euclidium,syriacum,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Euclidium,syriacum,Weed Science List
  • Eugena,(=Syzygium),jambos,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Farsetia,stenoptera,Weed Science List
  • Farsetia,stenoptera,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heliophila,pusilla,heliophila,H,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Heliophila,pusilla,Weed Science List
  • Hesperis,matronalis,Dames violet,"prechilling with0.2% KNO3 soln for 1-2wks, then germ on soln moistened filter paper in petri dishes with alt. temps (20C:16hrs, 30C:8hr)",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Hesperis,matronalis,Dame's Violet,"All Europe except Eire, less in Northern Half",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Hesperis,matronalis,Cruciferae ,Dame's Violet,"All Europe except Eire, less in Northern Half",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Hesperis,matronalis,Dame's rocket,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Hesperis,matronalis,damesviolet,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hesperis,matronalis,dame's rocket,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Hirschfeldia,incana,"Brassica adpressa, Brassica geniculata, Brassica incana, Hirschfeldia adpressa","Buchan weed, hairy brassica, hairy mustard, hoary mustard, shortpod mustard",LP,SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Hirschfeldia,incana,Mediterranean Mustard ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Hirschfeldia,incana,Hoary Mustard,"Sinapis incana, Brassica adpressa, H. adpressa","Central & Southern Europe & UK, less in North & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Hirschfeldia,incana," Brassica adpressa, Brassica geniculata, Brassica incana, Hirschfeldia adpressa","Buchan weed, hairy brassica, hairy mustard, hoary mustard, shortpod mustard","nat. at Bathurst in 1903; since spread throughout the Tablelands,Western Slopes & Plains & along the C & S Coasts; in Vic it occurs mainly in the eastern districts, the NE, Gippsland & central regions; in SA it is common in the SE extending northwards to ","native of Medit region & the Channel Is.; introd to N Amer, particularly Califorina & Mexico, S Afr, NZ & Aust","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Hirschfeldia,incana,Buchan weed * ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea", Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies),"South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Hirschfeldia,incana,Buchan weed,Weed Science List
  • Hirschfeldia,incana,hairy mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Hirschfeldia,incana,Buchan weed,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hornungia,petraea,"Hutchinsia, rock hutchinsia",100% germ of 2-3mth dry stored seed at 15-20C in light in 10days,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Hymenolobus,procumbens,Hutchinsia procumbens,oval purse,H,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hymenolobus,procumbens,Weed Science List
  • Iberis,amara,Wild Candytuft,I. pinetorum,"Western Europe & UK, less in Eastern Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Iberis,amara,Cruciferae ,Wild Candytuft,I. pinetorum,"Western Europe & UK, less in Eastern Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Iberis,crenata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Iberis,crenata,Weed Science List
  • Iberis,pinnata,"Southern Europe, sometimes further North",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Iberis,pinnata,Cruciferae ,"Southern Europe, sometimes further North",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Iberis,semperflorens,"Often found in rockeries, cultivated.",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Iberis,semperflorens,Cruciferae ,"Often found in rockeries, cultivated.",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Iberis,sempervivens,"Often found in rockeries, cultivated.",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Iberis,sempervivens,Cruciferae ,"Often found in rockeries, cultivated.",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Iondraba,auriculata,Weed Science List
  • Iondraba,auriculata,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Isatis,tinctoria,Dyer's Woad ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Isatis,tinctoria,Dyers Woad ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Isatis,tinctoria,Woad,"I. canescens, I. litoralis, I. taurica",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Isatis,tinctoria,Dyer's woad ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Isatis,tinctoria,Weed Science List
  • Isatis,tinctoria,dyers woad,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Isatis,tinctoria,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lepidium,africanum,common pepper-cress,XX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lepidium,africanum,Common Pepper-cress,"Dispersal: animal external. Life Form: Annual/Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5,8,9,12","S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lepidium,africanum,Weed Science List
  • Lepidium,bipinnatifidum,Weed Science List
  • Lepidium,bipinnatifidum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lepidium,bonariense,Argentine pepperweed,XXX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lepidium,bonariense,Weed Science List
  • Lepidium,campestre,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lepidium,campestre,Field pepperweed,"fresh seed dormant; 11 wk dry storage, then germ on filter paper moistened with 0.2% soln of KNO3, at constant temp of 15C or alt. temp of 15-30C with light exposure",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lepidium,campestre,Field Pepperwort,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lepidium,campestre,Weed Science List
  • Lepidium,campestre,field pepperweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lepidium,chalepense,Weed Science List
  • Lepidium,chalepense,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lepidium,densiflorum, Lepidium apetalum,Greenflower pepperweed,seed stored at 4C for 4mths after harvest germ 50% at 15C in dark; dry storage at 14C maintains viability throughout winter & spring,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lepidium,densiflorum,"Scattered throughout Europe, except Eire, SW & SE Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lepidium,densiflorum,Cruciferae ,"Scattered throughout Europe, except Eire, SW & SE Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lepidium,densiflorum,greenflower pepperweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lepidium,graminifolium,"All Europe, except Eire, Scandinavia & NW Europe, less in UK, Denmark, Holland & Belgium",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lepidium,graminifolium,Cruciferae ,"All Europe, except Eire, Scandinavia & NW Europe, less in UK, Denmark, Holland & Belgium",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lepidium,heterophyllum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lepidium,heterophyllum,Weed Science List
  • Lepidium,lasiocarpum,fresh seed germ with alt. temp 10C:16hrs to 30C:8hrs; dry stored seed germ at 25C constant,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lepidium,latifolium,GP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lepidium,latifolium,Perennial Peppercress ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Lepidium,latifolium,Perennial Pepperweed ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Lepidium,latifolium,Perennial pepperweed ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Lepidium,latifolium,perennial pepperweed,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Lepidium,latifolium,Weed Science List
  • Lepidium,latifolium,perennial pepperweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lepidium,latifolium,P,"Nevada's waterways are being destroyed by tall whitetop, aka perennial pepperweed. We think TWT came over from Europe in the 1930's. It has a wide range across the US, but it has invaded Northern Nevada at a rate that is similar to that of California'"," Substantial comments on this spp. from Dr. Sue Donaldson below email to sdonalds(at)fs.scs.unr.edu Nevada Cooperative ExtensionPO Box 11130Reno, NV 89520 ",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lepidium,neglectum,Scattered throughout Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lepidium,neglectum,Cruciferae ,Scattered throughout Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lepidium,nitidum,tongue pepperweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lepidium,perfoliatum,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lepidium,perfoliatum,Yellowflower pepperweed,"92% germ of seed at 15C in dark, 90% at 20C in dark, 52% at 20-30C in dark & 52% at 20-30C with alt. exposure to light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lepidium,perfoliatum,"All Europe except Finland & Eire, less in W half & Scandinavia",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lepidium,perfoliatum,Weed Science List
  • Lepidium,perfoliatum,yellowflower pepperweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lepidium,pubescens,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lepidium,pubescens,Weed Science List
  • Lepidium,repens,lens pepperweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lepidium,ruderale,"germ stimulated by diurnal alt. in temps, at constant temp, germ at 21C; seeds begin to germ at once or soon after harvest, placed in unheated germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 100% germ ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lepidium,ruderale,Narrow Leaved Pepperwort,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lepidium,ruderale,Cruciferae ,Narrow Leaved Pepperwort,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lepidium,sativum,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lepidium,sativum,Garden Cress,"All Europe, scattered",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lepidium,sativum,syn ,Garden cress,"fields, roadsides; naturalised""Seedlings eatenas green salad, & plant is grazed by animals. Folk medicine uses seeds as an active expectorant & pulmonary stimulant & also as a tonic & aphrodisiac""",E Medit to India; cultivated & naturalised in many temp. regions of the world,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Lepidium,sativum,Weed Science List
  • Lepidium,schinzii,Weed Science List
  • Lepidium,schinzii,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lepidium,virginicum,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lepidium,virginicum,Virginia pepperweed,germ on blotters moistened with 0.2% soln of KNO3 at alt. temp of 20-30C in light,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lepidium,virginicum,"All Europe, scattered",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lepidium,virginicum,Virginia Pepperweed,paraquat 1993 Canada Peach , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Lepidium,virginicum,Weed Science List
  • Lepidium,virginicum,Virginia pepperweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lesquerella,gordoni,Gordon bladderpod,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lesquerella,gordonii,Gordon bladderpod,8% germ only under various conditions & various periods of dry storage; seed coat may prevent germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lobularia,maritima,sweet alyssum,XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lobularia,maritima,Sweet Alison,"Central & Western Europe, UK & Norway, less in Northern half",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lobularia,maritima,Weed Science List
  • Lunaria,annua,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lunaria,annua,Weed Science List
  • Malcolmia,africana,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Malcolmia,africana,Region of origin - S Eur; Extent of spread - 1 ha; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Malcolmia,africana,"SW & SE Europe, inc Italy",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Malcolmia,africana,Weed Science List
  • Malcolmia,africana,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Matthiola,incana,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Matthiola,incana,Weed Science List
  • Matthiola,longipetala,nightstock,L,SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Matthiola,longipetala,Weed Science List
  • Moricandia,arvensis,"Spain, Portugal, Italy & Greece",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Moricandia,arvensis,Cruciferae ,"Spain, Portugal, Italy & Greece",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Myagrum,perfoliatum,"musk weed, mitre-cress",GLP,Vic; SA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Myagrum,perfoliatum,"musk weed, mitre-cress","in early days of estab. musk weed was so competitive with cereal crops of the Vic, Wimmera region that by 1930s a Musk Weed Area was declared north of Horsham from which movement of wheat was Controled to prevent further spread; in addition to its compet","native of Eur & W Asia, is regarded a weed only in Aust, Italy, Lebanon, Turkey & parts of USA-Oregon & Texas","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Myagrum,perfoliatum,"All Europe, except Eire & NW mainland Europe, less in Central and Northern areas",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Myagrum,perfoliatum,musk weed,Weed Science List
  • Myagrum,perfoliatum,musk weed,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nasturtium,aquaticum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nasturtium,indicum, Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Nasturtium,microphyllum,92-100% germ of seed when sown on moist filter paper 3-4wks after harvest in light,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Nasturtium,officinale, Nasturtium aquaticum,Water cress,vegetative reproduction by creeping stems; seeds germ 67% within 7days sown immediately after harvest on moist filter paper at room temp;seeds remain viable for 5yrs when dry stored in lab,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Nasturtium,officinale,watercress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Nasturtium,officinale,watercress,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Nasturtium,palustre, Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Neslia,paniculata,Ball mustard,"no germ of freshly harvested seeds; 8% after 6mths dry storage at 3C, then 21C in dark on moist filter paper; 67% germ after 1yr at 2-5C in dark on moist filter paper; GA treatments failed to inc. germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Neslia,paniculata,Ball Mustard,Vogelia paniculata,"All Europe except Eire, less in NW Europe",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Neslia,paniculata,Ball mustard,Weed Science List
  • Neslia,paniculata,ball mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Neslia,paniculata,Ball mustard,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Neslia,paniculuta,Ball mustard,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pachyphragma,macrophyllum,"no germ on filter paper in petri dishes at 20-25C in dark with/without GA treatment, rarely naturalised as a garden escape ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Pilosella,aurantiaca,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Raphanus,maritimus,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Raphanus,maritimus,Weed Science List
  • Raphanus,raphanistrum,wild radish,Weed Science List
  • Raphanus,raphanistrum,wild radish,XX,NL,NSW,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Raphanus,raphanistrum,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Raphanus,raphanistrum,Wild radish,germ on blotters moistened with 0.2% soln KNO3 at alt. temp of 20C:16hrs to 30C:8hrs; prechilling on 0.2% KNO3 moistened blotters at 2-5C for 1-2wks inc. germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Raphanus,raphanistrum,"wild radish, jointed charlock, runch, charlock","Raphanus raphanistrum, widely known as wild radish, is a close relative of the common vegetable radish, Raphanus sativus. The weed does not have the thickened root of the garden radish, and may behave as an annual, winter annual ro bieannial. It is a weed",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Raphanus,raphanistrum,"wild radish, jointed charlock, runch, white charlock, wild charlock, wild kale, wild turnip","serious competitor for space, water & nutrients, reducing crop & pasture yield & contaminating harvested grain & pasture seed; it taints meat & dairy products & sometimes results in stock poisoning; prolific seeder, ripening up to 17 000 seed/sq. m, even ","native of Medit region, spread northwards through Eur in the pre-Christian era as a companion sp. in the cultivation of cereal rye & was introd to the British Isles during the Roman occupation; introd to most of the temp world & now is a common of cultiva","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Raphanus,raphanistrum,Wild Radish,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Raphanus,raphanistrum,Wild Radish,ssp. microcarpa,Iberian Peninsula,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Raphanus,raphanistrum,wild radish,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Raphanus,raphanistrum ,Wild Radish,ssp. landra,Medit Region,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Raphanus,sativus,"jointed charlock, runch, white charlock, wild charlock, wild kale, wild turnip",N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Raphanus,sativus,Weed Science List
  • Rapistrum,rugosum,Myagrum rugosum,"turnip weed, wild turnip",NL,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rapistrum,rugosum, Myagrum rugosum,"turnip weed, wild turnip",principally a weed of winter cereals & over grazed winter pastures in Aust; taints dairy products & meat & can reduce crop yield significantly; readily Controled by regular cultivation before seeding or chemically before flowering commences,present in all States ex NT,"Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Rapistrum,rugosum,Barstard Cabbage,"R. orientale, R. hispanicum","Mainland Europe & UK, less in Northern half",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rapistrum,rugosum,"Rapistrum, turnip weed",Weed Science List
  • Rhynchosinapis,cheiranthos,Wall Flower Cabbage,"Brassicella erucastrum, B. cheiranthos, R. erucastrum","Central & Western Europe, Eire & UK, less in NE, Eire & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rhynchosinapis,cheiranthos,Cruciferae ,Wall Flower Cabbage,"Brassicella erucastrum, B. cheiranthos, R. erucastrum","Central & Western Europe, Eire & UK, less in NE, Eire & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rorippa,amphibia, Nasturtium amphibium,seeds germ in 1st & 2nd spring after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; total germ 98%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rorippa,austriaca,Austrian Fieldcress ,"California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California. This information will f",Californian Noxious Weed
  • Rorippa,austriaca,Australian fieldcress ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Rorippa,austriaca,Austrian field cress,Weed Science List
  • Rorippa,austriaca,Austrian fieldcress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rorippa,austriaca,Austrian field cress,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rorippa,indica,Weed Science List
  • Rorippa,indica,"syn Rorippa atrovirens, Rorippa sinapsis, Nasturtium indicum","on moist arable land; along water & roadsides; usually scattered; from 0-2000m alt; flowers all year round; rainfed & upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, as the plants are superficially rooted & are thinly scattered, differs from the common Ro","Asia, Asia, Afr; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Rorippa,indica,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rorippa,islandica,Marsh cress,"30% germ in diffuse light at 20-25C within 8-76days, no germ in dark within 233days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Rorippa,islandica,Marsh Yellow Cress,"Rorippa palustris, Nasturtium palustre, R. terrestris",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rorippa,islandica,Cruciferae ,Marsh Yellow Cress,"Rorippa palustris, Nasturtium palustre, R. terrestris",All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rorippa,islandica,marshcress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rorippa,microphylla,one-row watercress,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rorippa,nasturtium-aquaticum,two-row watercress,HXXH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rorippa,nasturtium-aquaticum,watercress,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: rivers, riverbanks, wetlandsCultivated for: food i.e salads and garnishing",Origin: Europe,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rorippa,nasturtium-aquaticum, ,watercress,"Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: rivers, riverbanks, wetlandsCultivated for: food i.e salads and garnishing",Origin: Europe,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Rorippa,nasturtiumaquaticam,Two-row Watercress,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10,13,14","Introduced deliberately from: Eur,N Af,W As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rorippa,palustris,marsh cress,H,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rorippa,palustris,Marsh Cress,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10,13,14","Eur,N Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Rorippa,sylvestris,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Rorippa,sylvestris,Creeping Yellow Cress,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rorippa,sylvestris,Cruciferae ,Creeping Yellow Cress,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Rorippa,sylvestris,Yellow fieldcress ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Rorippa,sylvestris,yellow fieldcress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Rorripa,microphylla,Weed Science List
  • Rorripa,nasturium-aquaticum,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Rorripa,nasturtiumaquaticum,Weed Science List
  • Rorripa,palustris,Weed Science List
  • Sibara,virginica,sibara,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sinapis,alba,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sinapis,alba,White Mustard,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sinapis,alba,Weed Science List
  • Sinapis,allionii,syn Raphanus turgidus,"cultiveated ground, especially flax fields",endemic to Egypt,"The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Sinapis,arvensis,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sinapis,arvensis,syn ,"Charlock, Wild mustard, Corn mustard","fields, gardens, roadsides","Medit, Eur, Caucasus to C Asia; naturalised in other temp. regions","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Sinapis,arvensis,Charlock,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sinapis,arvensis,Wild Mustard,chlorsulfuron 1992 Canada Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Sinapis,arvensis,Wild Mustard,"dicamba/2,4-D/ 1991 Canada Cropland ", http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Sinapis,arvensis,Wild Mustard,metribuzin 1994 Canada Lentils , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Sinapis,arvensis,Charlock,Weed Science List
  • Sisymbrium,altissimum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sisymbrium,altissimum,Tumble mustard,100% germ at both 20C & 20-30C alt. in dark; prechilling treatments & moistening substratum with 0.2% KNO soln inc. germ in freshly harvested seed,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Sisymbrium,altissimum,Tall Rocket,"S. pannonicum, S. sinapistrum","All Europe except Eire, SW France, Spain & Portugal. Less in Western & Northen areas ",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sisymbrium,altissimum,Tumble mustard ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Sisymbrium,altissimum,Weed Science List
  • Sisymbrium,altissimum,tumble mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sisymbrium,erysimoides,smooth mustard,XHX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Sisymbrium,erysimoides,Weed Science List
  • Sisymbrium,irio,London rocket,XXXHX,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sisymbrium,irio,syn ,London rocket,"fields, gardens, orchards, irrigation canals, roadsides, waste ground","Medit, Eur, W Asia to Afghanistan; introduced into trop. Afr, A Amer & Aust","The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M"
  • Sisymbrium,irio,Weed Science List
  • Sisymbrium,irio,London rocket,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sisymbrium,loeselii,Tall hedge mustard,seeds germ soon after harvest & continued for several mths; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted-total germ100%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Sisymbrium,loeselii,tall hedge mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sisymbrium,officinale,hedge mustard,XXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sisymbrium,officinale,Hedge mustard,"2mth old seed germ best at alt. temp 15-30C with exposure to light, germ on blotters moistened with 0.2% KNO3 soln, fresh & old seed prechilling; dormancy upto 28wks, 75% germ at 15C in dark, 20C in dark, 20-30C in dark & alt. exp. to light",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Sisymbrium,officinale,Hedge Mustard,"All Europe, Asia, NW Africa",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sisymbrium,officinale,Weed Science List
  • Sisymbrium,officinale,hedge mustard,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Sisymbrium,orientale,Indian hedge mustard,XXXH,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sisymbrium,orientale,Eastern Rocket,S. columnae,"All Europe, less in Northern Half",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sisymbrium,orientale,Indian Hedge Mustard ,triasulfuron 1990 Australia Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian(at)pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
  • Sisymbrium,orientale,Weed Science List
  • Sisymbrium,polyceratium,SW Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sisymbrium,polyceratium,Cruciferae ,SW Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Sisymbrium,runcinatum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sisymbrium,runcinatum,Weed Science List
  • Sisymbrium,thellungii,African turnip weed,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Sisymbrium,thellungii,African turnip weed,Weed Science List
  • Sisymbrium,thellungii,African turnip weed,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Stanleya,pinnata,desert princesplume,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Streptanthus,arizonicus,"seeds planted in greenhouse after 0, 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, & 26 of air dry storage germwas respectively 0, 2, 3, 37, 47, 0, 33, & 51%, no apparent reason for germ failure after 12mths",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Subularia,aquatica,"no vegetative means of propagation, but seed germ is readily brought about",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Succowia,balaerica,HS,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Succowia,balaerica,Region of origin - Medit; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - botancical gardens,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Teesdalia,nudicaulis,"13 wk old seed 60-80% germ on filter paper in petri dishes in dark at 10-15C; at 5C or 6-15C alt. germ above 60%, but in 14days; seed placed in germinator, exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ 65%",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Teesdalia,nudicaulis,"shepherd's cress, barestem teesdalia",H,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Teesdalia,nudicaulis,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Teesdalia,nudicaulis,Shepherd's Cress,"Central & W Europe, UK, Eire, Sweden & Norway",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Teesdalia,nudicaulis,Weed Science List
  • Thlaspi,alliaceum,Central and SW Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Thlaspi,alliaceum,Cruciferae ,Central and SW Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Thlaspi,arvense,pennycress,X,NL,WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Thlaspi,arvense,Field pennycress,"94% on blotters moistened with 0.2% KNO3 & 96% on soil at alt. 20-30C in light; scarification to break seed coat & GA inc. germ; 97, 74, 11, & 6% germ after 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5yrs storage",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Thlaspi,arvense,"bastardcress, fanweed, field pennycress, stinkweed","Thlaspi arvense is a very old companion of humankind's food-gathering efforts, having been found at sites of human habitation reaching back to the time of the Stone Age more than one million years ago. It is a very strong competitor because of its prolifi",temperate regions of the world,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Thlaspi,arvense,Field Penny Cress,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Thlaspi,arvense,Penny cress, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Thlaspi,arvense,field pennycress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Thlaspi,arvense,Penny cress,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Thlaspi,perfoliatum,Perfoliate Penny Cress,"Mainland Europe, S Sweden & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Thlaspi,perfoliatum,Cruciferae ,Perfoliate Penny Cress,"Mainland Europe, S Sweden & UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Thlaspi,perfoliatum,thoroughwort pennycress,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Turritis,glabra,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Turritis,glabra,seeds germ soon after harvest & continue for several mths; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ 99%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Turritis,glabra,Weed Science List
  • Bromeliaceae
  • Ananas,comosus,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Ananas,microstachys,Weed Science List
  • Ananas,microstachys,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Puya,alpestris,syn Pitcairnia coerulea,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Puya,chilensis,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Puya,coerulea," Pitcairnia coerulea, Puya alpestris",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Puya,venusta, Pitcairnia venusta,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Buddlejaceae
  • Buddleja,asiatica,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Buddleja,asiatica,Region of origin - E Indies; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Buddleja,australis,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Buddleja,davidii,Butterfly bush ,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Buddleja,davidii,"butterfly bush, summer lilac",HXw,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Buddleja,davidii,Butterfly Bush,"Dispersal: ?Water,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 10","Introduced deliberately from: Ch and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Buddleja,davidii,butterfly bush,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Buddleja,dysophylla,Chilianthus dysophyllus,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Buddleja,dysophylla,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Buddleja,lindleyana,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Buddleja,madagascariensis,smokebush,XXXX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Buddleja,madagascariensis,Buddleja Bush ,SHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Buddleja,madagascariensis,Weed Science List
  • Butomaceae
  • Butomus,umbellatus,"seed stored in tap water in darkness at 1-3C for 7mths, 64% germ within 15 days at room temp in greenhouse (18-21C day, 13-16C night)",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Buxaceae
  • Pachysandra,terminalis,"Japanese pachysandra, spurge",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Cabombaceae
  • Cabomba,australis,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cabomba,carolianiana,Weed Science List
  • Cabomba,caroliniana,"cabomba, fanwort, Carolina watershield, fish grass, Washington grass, watershield",XXXX,NL,Qld; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cabomba,caroliniana,Region of origin - Amer; Extent of spread - widespread in rivers; Means of spread - aquaria,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Cabomba,caroliniana,Fanwort,Dispersal: Water. Life Form: Small to medium shruba(Perennial herb). RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,"Am and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Cabomba,caroliniana,"cabomba, fanwort, Carolina watershield, fish grass, Washington grass, watershield","popular & decorative aquarium plant which provides fish with food & oxygen; however in N Amer it clogs channels & drains, seriously restricting water flow & recreational activies & gives indication of causing similar problems in Qld, particularly in nutri","native of the USA, extending from Texas to Florida & north to Virginia & Illinois; common aquarium plant both in N Amer & overseas but does not seem to have become widely naturaliedit is estab. in Aust it is estab. in farm dams of N NSW & in coastal rive","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cabomba,caroliniana,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
  • Cabomba,caroliniana,"cabomba, fanwort",Weed Science List
  • Cabomba,caroliniana,cabomba,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cabomba,caroliniana,"cabomba, fanwort",P, Height 30-80 cm Width 5-8 cm Light requirements very high Temperature 18-26oCHardness tolerance average-hard pH tolerance neutral-basic Easiness average Cabomba caroliniana is one of the oldest and most popular aquarium plants. The plant has the ,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cabomba,gigantea,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cabomba,spp.,cabomba,NL,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cactaceae
  • Acanthocereus,pentagonus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Acanthocereus,pentagonus,Weed Science List
  • Acanthocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Acanthocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Anisocereus,spp.,syn. Escontria spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Anisocereus,x Aporoheliocereus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Anisocereus,Weed Science List
  • Aporoselenicereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Aporoselenicereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Armatocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Armatocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Austrocylindropuntia,Weed Science List
  • Austrocylindropuntia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Bergerocactus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Bergerocactus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Binghamia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Binghamia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Bolivicereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Bolivicereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Borzicactella,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Borzicactella,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Borzicactus,spp.,Weed Science List
    Borzicactus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Brachycereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Brachycerus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Brasiliopuntia,spp.,Weed Science List
    Brasiliopuntia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cactodendron,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Calymmanthium,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Calymmanthium,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Castellanosia,caineana,Weed Science List
  • Castellanosia,caineana,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cephalocereus,spp.,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
    Cephalocereus,spp.,"syn. Numerous synonyms, correct spp. name needed",P," This Genus is a synonym of numerous other Genera, correct Identification needed for entry. Any ID of Cephalocereus spp. is insufficient and hence Prohibited.",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cephalocleistocactus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Cephalocleistocactus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cereus,hildmannianus,syn. C. peruvianus,P, C. peruvianus is misapplied to this spp.,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cereus,jamacaru,"queen of the night, nagblom","Declared Weed. Subject to herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: savanna, rocky ridgesCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Cereus,jamacaru,"queen of the night, nagblom","Declared Weed. Subject to herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: savanna, rocky ridgesCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Cereus,spp.,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Cereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cereus,undatus,night-scented glorybower,"Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. ",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Chaffeyopuntia,spp.,= Opuntia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Chamaelobivia,spp.,= Echinopsis,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cipocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Cipocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cleistocactus,spp.,Winteria,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cleistocactus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Cleistocactus,spp.,syn Winteria,P, Note Exception: C. strausii,Note import conditions exceptions,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Clistanthocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Clistanthocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Coleocephalocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Coleocephalocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Consolea,spp.,see Opuntia,Weed Science List
  • Consolea,spp.,see Opuntia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Corryocactus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Corryocactus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Corynopuntia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Corynopuntia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Coryphantha,spp.,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Coryphantha,spp.,P, Exceptions Noted in Comments on Taxa section,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cylindropuntia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Cylindropuntia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Deamia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Deamia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Demnosa,spp.,= Cleistocactus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Dendrocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Dendrocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Diploperianthium,spp.,= Calymmanthium,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Disocactus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Disocactus,x Heliochia,P, Suspect Genera in the cross no valid listing of name x Heliochia,"Prohibited List, Query name"
  • Disocactus,x Helioselenius,P, Suspect Genera in the cross no valid listing of name x Helioselenius,"Prohibited List, Query name"
  • Disocactus,x Heliphyllum,P, Suspect Genera in the cross no valid listing of name x Heliphyllum,"Prohibited List, Query name"
  • Echinocactus,texensis,syn Homalocephala texensis,horse crippler,P,(..) & (.) refer to Cites Appendix I Taxa species in the Cites checklist. Argentina AR Galapagos Is. EC-GAL Panama PABahamas BS El Salvador SV ,"US, MX",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Echinopsis,spachiana,torch cactus,"Proposed Declared Weed. Succulent SpeciesInvades: dry savanna, karooCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Echinopsis,spachiana,torch cactus,"Proposed Declared Weed. Succulent SpeciesInvades: dry savanna, karooCultivated for: ornament, hedging",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Encephalocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Encephalocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Epiphyllum,phyllanthus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Epiphyllum,phyllanthus, var. hookeri,"Region of origin - S Mexico, Guatemala to Panama; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Epiphyllum,phyllanthus,Weed Science List
  • Eradisia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Eradisia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eriocereus,martinii," Cereus martinii, Harrisia martinii","Harrisia cactus, moonlight cactus, snake cactus"," a typical arid land succulent, major infestations of this shade tolerant plant are largely confined to fertile crackling clays under brigalow scrub in areas with ann. rainfall of at least 500mm; has the ability to form dense tangled thickets 1-2m high, i","native of S Amer, mainly Arg & Paraguay","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Eriocereus,martinii,Harrisia cactus, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Eriocereus,martinii,= Harrisia martinii,Harrisia cactus,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eriocereus,spp.,harrisia cactus,L,Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eriocereus,spp., Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Eriocereus,tortuosus,"Harrisia cactus, moonlight cactus, snake cactus",L,NSW; Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Eriocereus,tortuosus,"Harrisia cactus, moonlight cactus, snake cactus"," a typical arid land succulent, major infestations of this shade tolerant plant are largely confined to fertile crackling clays under brigalow scrub in areas with ann. rainfall of at least 500mm; has the ability to form dense tangled thickets 1-2m high, i","native of S Amer, mainly Arg & Paraguay","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Eriocereus,tortuosus,Weed Science List
  • Escontria,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Escontria,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Espostoa,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Espostoopsis,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Espostoopsis,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Eulychnia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Eulychnia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Facheiroa,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Facheriroa,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Ficindica,spp.,= Opuntia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Floresia,spp.,= Haageocereus,Florestina?,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Grusonia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Grusonia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Gymnanthocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Gymnanthocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Gymnocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Gymnocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Haageocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Haageocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Haagocactus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Harrisia,bonplandii,Eriocereus bonplandii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Harrisia,martinii,Eriocereus martinii,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Harrisia,martinii,moon cactus,Declared Weed. Subject of biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: savannaCultivated for: ornament,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Harrisia,martinii,moon cactus,Declared Weed. Subject of biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: savannaCultivated for: ornament,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Harrisia,spp.,Eriocereus,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Harrisia,spp.,see Eriocereus,Weed Science List
  • Harrisia,spp.,Eriocereus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Harrisia,tortuosus,Eriocereus tortuosus,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Harrisia ,martinii,"Cereus martinii, Eriocereus martinii","Harrisia cactus, moonlight cactus, snake cactus",X,L,NSW; Qld; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Heliabravoa,sp.,x Heliaporus,Weed Science List
  • Heliabravoa,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Heliabravoa,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heliabravoa,spp. x Heliaporus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heliocactus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heliocereus,sp.,X Heliochia,Weed Science List
  • Heliocereus,sp.,X Helioselenius,Weed Science List
  • Heliocereus,sp.,X Heliphyllum,Weed Science List
  • Heliocereus,spp.,Nopalxochia,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Heliocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Heliocereus,spp.,syn Nopalxochia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heliocereus,x Heliochia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heliocereus,x Helioselenius,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Heliocereus,x Heliphyllum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Helioselenius X ,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hertrichocereus,spp.,= Stenocereus ,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hildewintera,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Hildewintera,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hylocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Hylocereus,spp.,P,Note import conditions exceptions,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Hylocereus,undatus,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Hylocereus,undatus,Weed Science List
  • Hylocereus,undatus,Night Flowering Cactus ,VINES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Hylocereus,undatus,Night Flowering Cactus,Vines.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Isolatocereus,spp.,= Stenocereus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Jasminocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Jasminocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lasiocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Lasiocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lemaireocereus,spp.,= Pachycereus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Leocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Leocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Leptocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Leptocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lermaireocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Lermaireocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Leuchtenbergia,spp.,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leuchtenbergia,spp.,P,"Monotypic Genus, supposedly. Any others spp. in these Genus treat with care",Note import conditions exceptions,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lohocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Lohocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lophocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lophophora,williamsii,Weed Science List
  • Lophophora,williamsii,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Loxanthocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Loxanthocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Machaeocereus,spp.,syn. ,Weed Science List
  • Machaeocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Maihuenia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Maihuenia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Maihuenopsis,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Maihuenopsis,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mammillaria,vivipara,purple mamillaria,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Marenopuntia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Marenopuntia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Marginatocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Marginatocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Maritimocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Maritimocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Marshallocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Marshallocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Mediocactus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Mediocactus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Micropuntia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Micropuntia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Monvillea,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Monvillea,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Morangaya,spp.,see Echinocereus,Weed Science List
  • Morangaya,spp.,Echinocereus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Morawetzia,spp.,see Oreocereus,Weed Science List
  • Morawetzia,spp.,Oreocereus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Murtillo,cactus,spp. ,Weed Science List
  • Murtillo,cactus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Myrtillocactus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Myrtillocactus,x Heliaporus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Neoabbottia,syn.,Weed Science List
  • Neoabbottia,syn.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Neoevansia,spp.,= Peneocereus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Neohickenia,spp.,= Parodia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Neoporteria,Weed Science List
  • Nopalea,syn.,Weed Science List
  • Nopalea,syn.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Normanbokea,spp.,= Neolloydia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Nyctocereus,serpentinus,Weed Science List
  • Nyctocereus,syn.,Weed Science List
  • Nyctocereus,syn.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,aurantiaca,"tiger pear, jointed cactus",HX,GLP,NSW; Qld,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,aurantiaca,Tiger Pear,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Introduced deliberately from: Uruguay, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Opuntia,aurantiaca,"tiger pear, jointed cactus","Opuntia spp. are drought resistant, are not usually grazed by stock, & grow densely forming an impenetrable barrier, hence their use as live fences in some areas; hosts for fruit fly & harbour for pest animals","native of Arg & Uruguay; introd to S Afr, & now considered one of the country's worst weeds, spreading rapidly 0.9million ha covered in 1978; grows in areas with rainfall as low as 150mm to 800mm, broad rainfall band ","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Opuntia,aurantiaca,jointed cactus,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: savanna, karoo, pastoral landCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Opuntia,aurantiaca,jointed cactus,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: savanna, karoo, pastoral landCultivated for: ornament",Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Opuntia,aurantiaca,tiger pear, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,aurantiaca,tiger pear,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,bergeriana,prickly pear,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,bergeriana,Region of origin - Americas; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Opuntia,bigelovii,jumping cholla ,P,"Certainly one of the most painful hitchhiking plants in the southwestern United States is jumping cholla (Opuntia bigelovii). The spines are exceedingly difficult to pull out of rubber soles and elastic human skin. Like other kinds of cholla cactus, the c",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,brasiliensis,Brazilian pricklypear,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Opuntia,compressa,Opuntia humifusa,prickly pear,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,cylindrica,Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica,prickly pear,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,cylindrica,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,dejecta,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,dillenii, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,dillenii,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,elatior,prickly pear,Xw,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,elatior,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,engelmannii,Engelmann pricklypear,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Opuntia,erinacea,prickly pear,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,erinacea,Region of origin - SW USA; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Opuntia,erinacea,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,exaltata, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,exaltata,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,ficus-indica,Indian fig,X,NL,NSW; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,ficus-indica,Prickly-pear,"Dispersal: Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5","Introduced deliberately from: ?Mex, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Opuntia,ficus-indica,tuna cactus,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Opuntia,ficus-indica,sweet prickly pear,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: many habitats but mainly dry and rocky places in savanna & karooCultivated for: edible fruits, animal fodder, security hedging",Origin: C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Opuntia,ficus-indica,sweet prickly pear,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: many habitats but mainly dry and rocky places in savanna & karooCultivated for: edible fruits, animal fodder, security hedging",Origin: C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Opuntia,ficus-indica,Indian fig,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,ficus-indica,Indian fig,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,fulgida,jumping cholla,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Opuntia,humifusa,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,humifusa,spreading pricklypear,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Opuntia,imbricata,Cylindropuntia imbricata,Devils Rope,XXXw,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,imbricata,Devils Rope,"Dispersal: ?Bird, internal,?animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Introduced deliberately from: S USA,Mex, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Opuntia,imbricata,imbricate prickly pear,Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: dry savanna & karooCultivated for: ornament,Origin: N & C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Opuntia,imbricata,imbricate prickly pear,Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: dry savanna & karooCultivated for: ornament,Origin: N & C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Opuntia,imbricata,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,imbricata,Devil's rope cactus,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,imbricata,walkingstick cholla,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Opuntia,imbricata,Devil's rope cactus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,leptocaulis,prickly pear,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,leptocaulis,tasajillo,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966Pictured in White Sands National Park, USA",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Opuntia,leucotricha,prickly pear,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,leucotricha,Region of origin - Mexico; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Opuntia,leucotricha,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,lindheimeri,prickly pear,E,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,lindheimeri,prickly pear,E,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,lindheimeri,Region of origin - NE Mexico & adjacent USA; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Opuntia,lindheimeri,small round-leaved prickly pear,Declared Weed. Biocontrol: effective agents availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: savanna Cultivated for: ornament,Origin: N & C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Opuntia,lindheimeri,small round-leaved prickly pear,Declared Weed. Biocontrol: effective agents availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: savanna Cultivated for: ornament,Origin: N & C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Opuntia,lindheimeri,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,lindheimeri,Lindheimer pricklypear,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Opuntia,lubrica,prickly pear,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,megacantha,mission pricklypear,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Opuntia,microdasys,prickly pear,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,microdasys,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,pachypus,Region of origin - Peru; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Opuntia,pachypus,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,paraguayensis,prickly pear,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,paraguayensis,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,phaeacantha,prickly pear,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,phaeacantha,"Region of origin - Mexico, SW USA; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental",CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Opuntia,phaeacantha,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,polyacantha,plains pricklypear,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Opuntia,puberula,O. tenuispina in Harden 1990,prickly pear,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,robusta,"wheel cactus, wheel pear",HX,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,robusta,Wheel Pear,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4","Introduced deliberately from: C Am, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Opuntia,robusta,"wheel cactus, wheel pear","Opuntia spp. are drought resistant, are not usually grazed by stock, & grow densely forming an impenetrable barrier, hence their use as live fences in some areas; hosts for fruit fly & harbour for pest animals","originated in Mexico & although introd as an ornamental or botanical curiosity to many places, it appears to have become a weed only in Victoria","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Opuntia,robusta,wheel cactus, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,robusta,wheel cactus,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,rosea,rosea cactus,Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: dry savanna Cultivated for: ornament,Origin: C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Opuntia,rosea,rosea cactus,Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: dry savanna Cultivated for: ornament,Origin: C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Opuntia,rosea, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,rosea,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,schickendantzii,prickly pear,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,schickendantzii,Region of origin - N Argentina; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Opuntia,schumannii, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,schumannii,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,spinosior,spiny cholla,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Opuntia,spinulifera, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,spinulifera,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,spp.,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,"Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds"
  • Opuntia,spp.,Tephrocactus spp. & Cumulopuntia spp.,prickly pear,XXXXXX,NP,Qld; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,spp.,"seeds germ most readily when fresh, dried seed require stratification",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Opuntia,spp.,prickly pears, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,spp., syn. Tephrocactus spp. & Cumulopuntiaspp., prickly pears,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,spp. except O. ficus-indica,Prickly pear ," PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea"," Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Mov","South Australian ""Proclaimed Plants"" (Weed)"
  • Opuntia,streptacantha,prickly pear,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,streptacantha,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,stricta,"erect prickly pear, common prickly pear, Araluen pear, common pest pear, Gayndah pear, spiny pest pear",GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,stricta,"erect prickly pear, common prickly pear, Araluen pear, common pest pear, Gayndah pear, spiny pest pear",GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,stricta,"erect prickly pear, common prickly pear, Araluen pear, common pest pear, Gayndah pear, spiny pest pear",GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,stricta,"Cactus strictus, Opuntia inermis, Opuntia stricta var. stricta","erect prickly pear, common prickly pear, Araluen pear, common pest pear, Gayndah pear, spiny pest pear",HXXX,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,stricta,Common Prickly-pear,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5,","Introduced deliberately from: E N Am,C Am, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Opuntia,stricta," Cactus stricta, Opuntia inermis, Opuntia stricta var. stricta","erect prickly pear, common prickly pear, Araluen pear, common pest pear, Gayndah pear, spiny pest pear","Opuntia spp. are drought resistant, are not usually grazed by stock, & grow densely forming an impenetrable barrier, hence their use as live fences in some areas; hosts for fruit fly & harbour for pest animals","originating in southern N Amer, Central & trop Amer, erect prickly pear now occurs in several parts of the world but it became more imprt. as a weed in Aust than elsewhere","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Opuntia,stricta,Australian pest pear,Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: dry savanna Cultivated for: ornament,Origin: N & C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Opuntia,stricta,Australian pest pear,Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: dry savanna Cultivated for: ornament,Origin: N & C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Opuntia,stricta,"erect prickly pear, common prickly pear", Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,stricta,"erect prickly pear, common prickly pear",P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Opuntia,subulata,prickly pear,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,subulata,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,sulphurea,prickly pear,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,sulphurea,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,tomentosa,prickly pear,XX,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,tomentosa,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,tunicata,prickly pear,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,tunicata,Region of origin - Ecuador to Chile; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Opuntia,tunicata,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,versicolor,staghorn cholla,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Opuntia,vulgaris,"Cactus monacanthos, Opuntia monacantha","drooping prickly pear, barbary fig, drooping tree pear, smooth tree pear, spiny prickly pear, spreading prickly pear, tuna",HX,NL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Opuntia,vulgaris,Drooping Prickly-pear,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,12","Introduced deliberately from: E S Am, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Opuntia,vulgaris," Cactus monacanthus, Opuntia monacanthus","drooping prickly pear, barbary fig, drooping tree pear, smooth tree pear, spiny prickly pear, spreading prickly pear, tuna","All Opuntia spp. (in some cases with the ex. of O. ficus-indica) are proclaimed in NSW, Qld, SA, NT & WA. O. vulgaris is proclaimed as a separate species for the whole of Vic ex the Melb. metro area","originated in S Amer centred mainly on Arg, Brazil, Paraguay & Uruguay; it has spread to many parts of the world & is now considered a weed in Aust, S Afr, India, Sri Lanka, NZ & several Pacific Is.","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Opuntia,vulgaris,drooping prickly pear, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Weed Science List
  • Opuntia,vulgaris,drooping prickly pear,P, Declared spp. under ARRPA,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pachycereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Parviopuntia,spp.,= Opuntia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Peniocereus,serpentinus,Nyctocereus serpentinus,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Peniocereus,spp.,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Peniocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Peniocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pereskia,aculeata,Pereskia pereskia,"Barbados gooseberry, Barbados shrub",E,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pereskia,aculeata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Pereskia,aculeata,Barbados gooseberry,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: forest margins and gaps, plantationsCultivated for: ornament, security hedging",Origin: S & C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pereskia,aculeata,Barbados gooseberry,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: forest margins and gaps, plantationsCultivated for: ornament, security hedging",Origin: S & C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Pereskia,aculeata,Weed Science List
  • Pereskia,aculeata,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pereskia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Pereskia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pereskiopsis,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Pereskiopsis,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Peruvocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Peruvocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Philippicereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Philippicereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Phyllocereus,spp.,= Epiphyllum,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pilosocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Pilosocereus,spp.,syn. Pilocereus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Piptanthocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Platyopuntia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Platyopuntia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Polaskia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Polaskia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pseudocanthocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Pseudocanthocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pseudoechinocereus,spp.,= Cleistocactus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pseudopilocereus,spp.,= Pilosocereus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pseudotephrocactus,spp.,= Opuntia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Pterocactus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Pterocactus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Quiabentia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Quiabentia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rathbunia,syn.,Weed Science List
  • Rathbunia,syn.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rauhocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Rauhocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rhipsalidopsius,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Rhipsalidopsius,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rhodocactus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Rhodocactus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Rittereocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Rittereocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Roseocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Roseocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Salmiopuntia,spp.,= Opuntia,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Samaipaticereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Selenicereus,macdonaldiae,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Selenicereus,spp.,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Selenicereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Selenicereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Seleniphyllum,sp.,Weed Science List
  • Seleniphyllum,sp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Seticereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Seticereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Seticleistocactus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Seticleistocactus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Soehrensia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Stenocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Stenocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Stetsonia,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Stetsonia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Subpilocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Subpilocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Tacinga,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Tacinga,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Tephrocactus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Thelocactus,spp.,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Thelocactus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Thelocactus,spp.,P," Some spp. in this Genus are synonyms of other spp. in prohibited Genera, Correct Identification is essential",Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Trichocereus,spp.,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Trichocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Trichocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Trichoechinopsis X ,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Tunas,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Weberbauerocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Weberbauerocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Weberocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Weberocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Winteria,spp.,= Cleistocactus,Weed Science List
  • Winteria,spp.,= Cleistocactus,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Winterocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Winterocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Worckleocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • X Heliochia,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • X Heliphyllum,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Yungasocereus,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Yungasocereus,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Zehntnerella,spp.,Weed Science List
  • Zehntnerella,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Caesalpiniaceae
  • Caesalpinia,bonduc,yellow nickers,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Caesalpinia,decapetala,"wait-a-while, whoa-back",XX,G,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Caesalpinia,decapetala,Mauritius thorn,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration.Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins and gaps, plantations, roadsides, watercoursesCultivated for: security hedging, ornament",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Caesalpinia,decapetala,Mauritius thorn,"Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration.Woody SpeciesInvades: forest margins and gaps, plantations, roadsides, watercoursesCultivated for: security hedging, ornament",Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
  • Caesalpinia,decapetala,Thorny Poinciana ,Vines.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Caesalpinia,decapetala,Weed Science List
  • Caesalpinia,decapetala,Thorny Poinciana ,VINES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Caesalpinia,gilliesii,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Caesalpinia,gilliesii,bird-of-paradise shrub,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Caesalpinia,gilliesii,Weed Science List
  • Caesalpinia,gilliesii,bird-of-paradise,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Caesalpinia,pulcherrima,flowerfence,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Caesalpinia,sepiaria,Weed Science List
  • Caesalpinia,sepiaria,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cassia,alata,bas Senna alata,"candle bush, ringworm shrub, yellowtop weed","develops readily on disturbed pastures, the shrubby growth forming dense thickets, reducing available grazing area & sometimes, access to water; it is particularly aggressive in areas of very high rainfall where the water table comes close to the surface,","native of tropical Amer was introd to Eur as a stove ornamental in the late 17thC; subsquently carried to the Old World tropics during the period of colonial expansion, in now occurs as a weed in Afr, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, PNG, & several Pacific isl","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cassia,alata,bas Senna alata,candle bush,Weed Science List
  • Cassia,auriculata,Weed Science List
  • Cassia,auriculata,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cassia,barclayana,Weed Science List
  • Cassia,bauhinioides,twoleaf desert senna,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cassia,coluteoides,Winter Senna ,Major WeedSHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Cassia,coluteoides,"climbing cassia, Christmas cassia, Christmas senna","Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Cassia,didymobotrya,Weed Science List
  • Cassia,fasciculata,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Cassia,fasciculata, Cassia chamaecrista,Partridge pea,18% germ in 15-148 days from seeds planted in greenhouse in autumn after collection; exposing to cold outdoor temps for 71 days no difference,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cassia,fasciculata,partridgepea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cassia,fistula,"golden shower, Indian laburnum",XX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cassia,fistula,Weed Science List
  • Cassia,floribunda,Smooth Cassia ,SHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Cassia,grandis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cassia,leptocarpa,slimpod senna,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cassia,marilandica,Wild senna,"breaking seed coat increases germ, temp 20-25C on moist filter paper",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cassia,marilandica,wild senna,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cassia,nictitans,sensitive partridgepea,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cassia,obtusifolia,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Cassia,obtusifolia, Cassia tora,Sicklepod,freshly harvested seed need seed coat made permeable to water; treat for 15 min in conc. sulphuric acid imbibed water; germ in light; use mechanical scarification,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cassia,obtusifolia, Senna obtusifolia,"sicklepod, Java bean","native of the Caribbean region, has become widespread throughout the tropics; it is a troublesome weed of row crops in the southern US & causes problems in India, Malaysia, Java, the Philippines & some Pacific islands, yet is an imprt. dietary aid in part","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cassia,obtusifolia,sicklepod,Weed Science List
  • Cassia,obtusifolia,sicklepod,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cassia,obtusifolia,sicklepod,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cassia,occidentalis,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,"Florida Weeds, FAIRS."
  • Cassia,occidentalis,Coffee senna,mechanical scarification needed,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cassia,occidentalis, Senna occidentalis,"coffee senna, ant bush","can be a serious competitor in crops & pastures; in Aust competition in pastures & its potential toxicity, appear to be the major problems, although rarely eaten it is regarded as toxic to cattle in the US","native of trop & subtrop Amer, is now widespread throughout the tropics; a serious weed of cotton & soybeans in the southern US","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cassia,occidentalis,"coffee senna, stinking weed, wild senna, wild coffee",Cassia occidentalis is a weed of 23 crops in 66 countries and frequents pastures and plantation crops.,"Native to tropical S Amer, but know common throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Cassia,occidentalis,coffee senna,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cassia,occidentalis,coffee senna,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cassia,siamea,cassod tree,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cassia,surattensis,Weed Science List
  • Cassia,tora,syn ,"Java bean, foetid cassia, sicklepod","Cassia tora is a weed of 26 crops in 67 countries and is more prevalent in soybeans, pastures, peanuts, cotton and sugarcane.","Native to tropical S Amer, but know common throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Cassia,tora,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Ceratonia,siliqua,Weed Science List
  • Piliostigma,thonningii,Weed Science List
  • Piliostigma,thonningii,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Callitrichaceae
  • Callitriche,fallax,Weed Science List
  • Callitriche,fallax,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Callitriche,hamulata,Water Starwort,X,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Callitriche,hamulata,Water Starwort,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Water. Life Form: Annual/Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 9,10","Eur, Greenland, In Victoria: Widespread, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Callitriche,stagnalis,Water Starwort,XHw,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Callitriche,stagnalis,Water Starwort,"Dispersal: ?animal external,Bird, internal,?animal (not bird), internal,W. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10,13,14,","Eur, N Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Callitriche,stagnalis,Weed Science List
  • Callitriche,verna,waterstarwort,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Campanulaceae
  • Campanula,rapunculoides,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Campanula,rapunculoides,Creeping bellflower,optimum temp for germ 2-5C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Campanula,rapunculoides,Creeping Bellflower,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Campanula,rapunculoides,creeping bellflower,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Campanula,rotundifolia,"seeds germ immediately after harvest at temps of those prevailing outdoors; older seed exposed to outdoor conditions for 71 days, then transferred to greenhouse & germ within 14-21 days",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Hippobroma,longiflora,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Isotoma,longiflora,Laurentia longiflora,NP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Isotoma,longiflora,shrubharebell,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Isotoma,longiflora, Laurentia longiflora,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Jasione,montana,"some seed germ immediately after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in water unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; 93% germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Jasione,montana,Sheep's Bit,J. adpressifolia,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Jasione,montana,Sheep's Bit,J. adpressifolia,All Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Legousia,hybrida,Venus's looking Glass,Specularia hybrida,"Central and Southern Europe, UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Legousia,hybrida,Venus's looking Glass,Specularia hybrida,"Central and Southern Europe, UK",Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Legousia,speculum-veneris,Greater Venus's Looking Glass,Specularia speculum-veneris,Central and Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Legousia,speculum-veneris,Greater Venus's Looking Glass,Specularia speculum-veneris,Central and Southern Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Lobelia,cardinalis,Cardinal flower,95% germ in 12days in diffuse light at 20-25C,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lobelia,cardinalis,cardinalflower,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lobelia,chinensis,Weed Science List
  • Lobelia,chinensis,perennial sub-dominance , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Lobelia,chinensis,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lobelia,cliffortiana,Weed Science List
  • Lobelia,cliffortiana,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lobelia,dortmanna,seeds stored in tap water at 1-3C for 2-7mths in difffuse light in greenhouse inc. germ%,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lobelia,erinus,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lobelia,erinus,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
  • Lobelia,erinus,Weed Science List
  • Lobelia,inflata,Indian tobacco,seeds require light for germ; germ on moist soil in clay pots or in water; dry stored seed viable for at least 5yrs,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lobelia,inflata,indiantobacco,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lobelia,laxiflora,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lobelia,radicans,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Lobelia,siphilitica,Great lobelia,seed collected in autumn & sown 1mth after collection no germ; 2% germ of seed sown 6wks after collection; seeds need light to germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Lobelia,siphilitica,great lobelia,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Specularia,perfoliata,Venus lookingglass,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Specularia,speculum-veneris, Legouzia speculum-veneris,"high germ % at optimum temp of 7C constant & alt. 5-15C, 10-18C & 10-25C",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Trachelium,caeruleum,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Triodanis,biflora,Weed Science List
  • Triodanis,biflora,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Triodanis,perfoliata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Triodanis,perfoliata,Weed Science List
  • Wahlenbergia,capensis,H,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Wahlenbergia,capensis,Weed Science List
  • Cannabaceae
  • Cannabis,ruderalis,34% germ of seeds on filter paper moistened with 0.03% soln of GA at 20-25C in constant darkness,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cannabis,sativa,"Indian Hemp, marijuana, dacha, grass, pot, redroot, Russian hemp, Mary-Jane, marry-joanna",H,GLP,ACT; Vic,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cannabis,sativa,Hemp,"90% or more germ, 2mths after harvest, temp alternation of 20-30C with seeds between blotters or on top of sand",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cannabis,sativa,"Indian Hemp, marijuana, dacha, grass, pot, redroot, Russian Hemp","tolerates a wide temp range & once estab, survives on very little water; not usually competetive with crops, but in India, sometimes significantly reduces maize yield","native of C Asia, has been cultivated in Asia & Eur as a food, fibre & medicinal crop for thousands of years; introd to S & N Amer; occurs as a weed in the north central & eastern coastal areas of the USA; still grown in Eur for cordage, esp. in the Sovie","Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C"
  • Cannabis,sativa,"Indian hemp, marijuana",Weed Science List
  • Cannabis,sativa,"Indian hemp, marijuana",P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cannabis,sativa,hemp,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cannabis,sativas,Hemp,C. ruderalis,Mainland Europe,Hanf "Arable Weeds of the World"
  • Cannabis,spp.,GP,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cannabis,spp.,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Humulus,japonica,Japanese hop,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Humulus,lupulus,hops,H,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Humulus,lupulus,Hop,"Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8","Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Humulus,lupulus,hops,Weed Science List
  • Cannaceae
  • Canna,incana,Weed Science List
  • Canna,indica,"canna, Indian shot",HX,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Canna,indica,Canna Lily ,SHRUBS.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Canna,indica,Canna Lily ,Trees/Shrubs.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Canna,indica,Indian canna,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Canna,sp.,X generalis,Weed Science List
  • Canna,sp.,X orchiodes,Weed Science List
  • Canna,x generalis,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Canna,x orchiodes,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Capparidaceae
  • Cleome,aculeata,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cleome,aculeata,Weed Science List
  • Cleome,burmanni,Weed Science List
  • Cleome,burmanni,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cleome,gynandra,P,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cleome,gynandra,Weed Science List
  • Cleome,gynandra,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cleome,hassleriana,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cleome,hassleriana,syn C. spinosa,Weed Science List
  • Cleome,monophylla,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Cleome,monophylla,Weed Science List
  • Cleome,rutidosperma,Weed Science List
  • Cleome,rutidosperma,P,Western Australian Prohibited List
  • Cleome,serrulata, Peritoma serrulata,Rocky Mountain bee plant,seeds sown in late autumn of year of collection germ in following spring & 2nd spring,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Cleome,serrulata,Rocky Mountain beeplant,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cleome,spinosa,= C. hassleriana,spiny spiderflower,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cleome,viscosa,rupturing seed coat improves germ,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Capparis,sandwichiana,smooth caperbush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Cleome,chelidonii,"syn Polanisia angulata, Polanisia chelidonii","in dry ditches & on spread mud, in sugarcane fields, on heavy clays & marls, on soils that become desiccated periodically during the pronounced dry season; of ten so abundant that the area looks red-purple; below 100m alt (Java); flowers throughout the ye","India, Burma, perhaps also Java, India, Burma, C & E Java","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cleome,gynandra,spider flower,"Cleome gynandra is a tropical and subtropical species and is often found in cultivated or fallowed fields, along roadsides, in fence rows, and along irrigation canals and ditches. It is a weed of 19 crops in over 40 countries.","native to Afr; occurs in Asia, Latin Amer, and Aust. ",WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
  • Cleome,rutidosperma,syn Cleome ciliata,"lowland ruderal; rainfed & upland rice fields, so far only a weed of minor importance, but might become troublesome, ","W. trop Afr from Guinea to Angola, introd in the Caribean area; first recorded in 1920 near Medan ( N Sumatra); Singapore in 1946; Java (near Jakarta in harbour yard) in 1958; in 1946 found in Thailand, Burma in 1948; spreading quickly throughout Indonesi","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Cleome,viscosa,"syn Cleome icosandra, Polanisia icosandra, Polanisia viscosa","a tolerant ruderal plant on arable land; along roadsides, refuse heaps, coconut grooves; often in great quantities; prefers sunny, lighter soil, both under seasonally dry & under ever wet sonditions; sometimes on sandy or calcareous soils; in E Java it is","Old World, from trop Afr & S Arabia to trop Aust; throughout Indonesia","Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987"
  • Gynandropsis,gynandra,African spiderflower,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polanisia,graveolens,clammyweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Polanisia,trachysperma,Western clammy weed,"seeds sown 2mths after collection & dry storage into greenhouse germ 2% in 9days, 6mths after only 6% germ in 13days; seeds exposed to freezing & thawing outdoors over winter failed to germ ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Polanisia,trachysperma,western clammyweed,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Wislizenia,refracta,jackassclover,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Caprifoliaceae
  • Diervilla,lonicera,bush honeysuckle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Leycesteria,formosa,Himalayan honeysuckle,HXXAS,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Leycesteria,formosa,Himalayan Honeysuckle,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8","Introduced deliberately from: Himalaya and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Leycesteria,formosa,Weed Science List
  • Lonicera,fragrantissima,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lonicera,fragrantissima,Weed Science List
  • Lonicera,fragrantissima,January jasmine,"RANK 2. "SIGNIFICANT THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess some invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d",Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Lonicera,hirsuta,hairy honeysuckle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lonicera,japonica,Japanese honeysuckle,HXXwH,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lonicera,japonica,Japanese Honeysuckle,"Dispersal: Bird, internal,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,6,7,8,13","Introduced deliberately from: E As and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Lonicera,japonica,Japanese Honeysuckle ,VINES.,"Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Lonicera,japonica,Japanese honeysuckles,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Lonicera,japonica,Honeysuckle Vine ,Vines.,"Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995"
  • Lonicera,japonica,Weed Science List
  • Lonicera,japonica,annual sub-dominance , Miyasaki ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
  • Lonicera,japonica,Japanese honeysuckle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lonicera,japonica,Japanese honeysuckle,"Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.",List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
  • Lonicera,japonica,Japanese honeysuckle,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Lonicera,maackii,Amur bush honeysuckle,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Lonicera,morrowii,Morrow's bush honeysuckle,RANK 1. "SEVERE THREAT"Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
  • Lonicera,periclymenum,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Lonicera,periclymenum,Weed Science List
  • Lonicera,sempervirens,trumpet honeysuckle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lonicera,spp.,exotic bush honeysuckles,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Lonicera,subspicata,moronel honeysuckle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lonicera,tatarica,Tatarian honeysuckle,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Lonicera,x americana,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Symphoricarpos,albus, Symphoricarpos racemosus,Common snowberry,"seeds soaked in conc. sulfuric acid for 75min, then stored in moist peat moss at 25C for several wks, then stored at 5C for 6mths",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Symphoricarpos,albus,common snowberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Symphoricarpos,occidentalis,western snowberry,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Symphoricarpos,orbiculatus,Buck brush,"disintegrate seed coat & after ripen embryo to induce germ; soak seed in conc. sulfuric acid for 30-40min, hold seed in moist peat moss at 25C for 2-4wks, plant in soil flats & hold for 5mths at 10C, transfer flats to greenhouse & allow to germ",Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
  • Symphoricarpos,orbiculatus,buckbrush,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Viburnum,acerifolium,mapleleaf viburnum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Viburnum,alnifolium,hobblebush viburnum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Viburnum,dentatum,arrowwood viburnum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Viburnum,lentago,sweet viburnum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Viburnum,opulus, var. opulus,"guelder rose, cranberry bush, viburnum",From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,"Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed"
  • Viburnum,prunifolium,blackhaw,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Viburnum,rafinesquianum,Rafinesque viburnum,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Viburnum,rufidulum,rusty blackhaw,"Source: "USA Composite List of Weeds" published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966",WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
  • Viburnum,suspensum,Weed Science List
  • Viburnum,tinus,laurustinus,X,N,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
  • Viburnum,tinus,Laurustinus,"Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,6,7","Introduced deliberately from: S Eur and Commercially Available, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations",Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
  • Viburnum,tinus,Weed Science List
  • Weigela,hortensis, Niigata ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia


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Updated January 2005
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