BugwoodWiki Article

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum (Berg)

Overview

Origin
Cactus Moth, Cactoblastis cactorum, is native to Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and southern Brazil.
Life Cycle
Hosts include cactus species such as prickly-pear. The female lays a long chain of eggs at the end of a cactus spine. The resulting 'egg-stick' resembles the spine of the cactus. After hatching, the pinkish-cream colored larvae burrow into the pad of the plant. Larvae move in groups as they feed and also push the frass onto the ground, often forming significant piles. The space inside the plant is reduced to a green mass of goo as the larvae feed. As they grow, caterpillars become orange with dark red bands across each segment. Once mature, they are about 1-1.5 in. (2.5-3.8 cm) long. They leave the plant and form a white cocoon on the ground, either in a protected crevice of a nearby tree or just among the debris. The adult has a 1-1.5 (2.5-3.8 cm) inch wingspan with faint dark dots and lines on the light tan wings. At rest, its wings wrap around its body.
Distribution
It is known to be established in Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina. In Queensland, Australia, there are two generations per year. It is expected that development would occur faster in the warm climate of Florida.
Control Efforts
Attempts are being made to restrict the expansion of Cactoblastis cactorum to prevent further damage to Opuntia cacti across the Southeastern United States and Central America. Biological control using predatory wasps and bacteria are being researched. Mutually beneficial relationships with ants that already exist in some native cactus populations are being explored. Attempts to quarantine afflicted Opuntia in affected areas is also being practiced.

Resources

  • Featured Creatures - Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry and University of Florida
  • Wikipedia - Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
  • Featured Creatures - Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services

Selected Images


1267104
1267104

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
Larva(e)
Susan Ellis
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1267061

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
Larva(e)
Susan Ellis
5015063
5015063

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
Larva(e)
Ignacio Baez
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5172099

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
Larva(e)
Forest and Kim Starr
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1267055

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
Egg(s)
Susan Ellis
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1267057

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
Egg(s)
Susan Ellis
5199037
5199037

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
Adult(s)
Jeffrey W. Lotz
5199054
5199054

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
Larva(e)
Jeffrey W. Lotz
5015058
5015058

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
Larva(e)
Ignacio Baez
5199059
5199059

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
Cocoon(s)
Jeffrey W. Lotz
5199062
5199062

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
Pupa(e)
Jeffrey W. Lotz
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1267007

prickly pear moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
Larva(e)
Susan Ellis

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Atelocerata
Class: Hexapoda (including Insecta)
Infraclass: Neoptera
Subclass: Pterygota
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Pyraloidea
Family: Pyralidae
Subfamily: Phycitinae
Tribe: Phycitini
Genus: Cactoblastis

Other System Links

NPDN Pest: ITBMDOA

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
cactus moth