- Vernicia fordii is a deciduous tree that is up to 66 ft. (20 m) tall and has milky white sap.
- The leaves are simple, 6-10 in. (15.2-25.4 cm) long, alternate, and either heart-shaped or with three pointed lobes. The petioles are long and there is a distinctive red gland at the base of each leaf.
- The showy flowers have 5 white petals with red veins and bloom before the leaves emerge.
- The toxic fruits are reddish green, round and 2-3 in. (5.1-7.96 cm) in diameter.
- Ecological Threat
- Vernicia fordii grows best in full sun, but it can also grow in the understory. The tree is not particularly cold tolerant. Vernicia fordii invades forest edges, rights of ways and urban green spaces.
- Invasive Species Management Plans for Florida - University of Florida - Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants
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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org
Invasive Listing Sources
- Alabama Invasive Plant Council
- Alachua County Cogongrass Initiative
- Apalachicola Invasive Working Group
- Faith Campbell, 1998
- Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category II
- Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category 3
- John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
- Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems
- Treasure Coast Cooperative Invasive Species Mgmt. Area - EARLY DRAFT
- WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States
CategoriesCategory: Hardwood Trees
|Common Name Reference:|| USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|
|Scientific Name Reference:||USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|