- Solanum dulcamara is a perennial vine or scrambling shrub with slender stems that can reach up to 6.6 ft. (2 m) tall, either erect or clambering.
- Leaves are dark-green to purplish, petiolate, alternate, 3 lobed (upper part of the stem), acuminate and up to 3.1 in. (7.9 cm) long.
- Flowering occurs in May to November, when purple flowers develop. Petals are recurved and up to 0.4 in. (1 cm) long. Stamens are bright yellow and fused together around the stigma.
- Mature fruits are red, shiny, round or egg-shaped, 0.4 in. (1 cm) long berries with about 30 yellow colored, flattened seeds.
- Ecological Threat
- Solanum dulcamara invades thickets, fence rows, pond margins, low woods and roadsides. It is native to Eurasia. All parts of the plants are toxic. Always wear gloves and protective clothing when handling this plant.
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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org
Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List
This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. For more information, visit the MTMC project page.
|No Data for this state|
|Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops|
Invasive Listing Sources
- City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation
- Connecticut Invasive Plant List
- Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group
- EDDMapS Ontario
- Faith Campbell, 1998
- Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102pp.
- Illinois Invasive Plant List
- Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
- Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council - Lesser Threat
- Maryland Department of Natural Resources, 1994
- Michigan Noxious Weeds
- Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
- Native Plant Society of Oregon, 2008
- Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council, 1998
- Pennypack Ecological Restoration Trust, Pennsylvania.
- WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States
Other System LinksPlants: SODU
NPDN Pest: PEWAIBC
NPDN Host: 31552
|Common Name Reference:|| USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|
|Scientific Name Reference:||USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|