BugwoodWiki Article

bittersweet nightshade
Solanum dulcamara L.

Overview

Appearance
Solanum dulcamara is a perennial vine or scrambling shrub with slender stems that can reach up to 6.6 ft. (2 m) tall, either erect or clambering.
Foliage
Leaves are dark-green to purplish, petiolate, alternate, 3 lobed (upper part of the stem), acuminate and up to 3.1 in. (7.9 cm) long.
Flowers
Flowering occurs in May to November, when purple flowers develop. Petals are recurved and up to 0.4 in. (1 cm) long. Stamens are bright yellow and fused together around the stigma.
Fruit
Mature fruits are red, shiny, round or egg-shaped, 0.4 in. (1 cm) long berries with about 30 yellow colored, flattened seeds.
Ecological Threat
Solanum dulcamara invades thickets, fence rows, pond margins, low woods and roadsides. It is native to Eurasia. All parts of the plants are toxic. Always wear gloves and protective clothing when handling this plant.

Resources

Selected Images


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1459374

bittersweet nightshade
Solanum dulcamara
Plant(s)
Steve Dewey
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5371033

bittersweet nightshade
Solanum dulcamara
Flower(s)
David Cappaert
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1353287

bittersweet nightshade
Solanum dulcamara
Foliage
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte
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1459373

bittersweet nightshade
Solanum dulcamara
Foliage
Steve Dewey
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1459376

bittersweet nightshade
Solanum dulcamara
Feature(s)
Steve Dewey
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5444128

bittersweet nightshade
Solanum dulcamara
Flower(s)
Jan Samanek
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1558042

bittersweet nightshade
Solanum dulcamara
Fruit(s)
Ohio State Weed Lab Archive
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1353290

bittersweet nightshade
Solanum dulcamara
Flower(s)
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte
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2187019

bittersweet nightshade
Solanum dulcamara
Flower(s)
David Cappaert
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1353292

bittersweet nightshade
Solanum dulcamara
Flower(s)
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte
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1353289

bittersweet nightshade
Solanum dulcamara
Plant(s)
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List
This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. For more information, visit the MTMC project page.

State Regulated List
Legend
   No Data for this state
   Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum

Other System Links

Plants: SODU
Bayer: SOLDU
GRIN: 101313
ITIS: 30414
NPDN Pest: PEWAIBC
NPDN Host: 31552

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
climbing nightshade, blue nightshade, European bittersweet, fellenwort, woody nightshade

Categories

Category: Vines
Category: Shrub or Subshrub